keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Omega 3 fatty acids

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928034/use-of-dietary-and-performance-enhancing-supplements-among-male-fitness-center-members-in-riyadh-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Yazed AlRuthia, Bander Balkhi, Marwan Alrasheed, Ahmed Altuwaijri, Mohammad Alarifi, Huda Alzahrani, Wael Mansy
This study aimed to explore the health beliefs and patterns of dietary supplement usage among fitness center members. This cross-sectional study was conducted in four large indoor fitness centers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. This study involved male fitness center members aged ≥18 years with no speech or hearing disabilities. In-person interviews were conducted with fitness center members who agreed to participate using a newly developed questionnaire. Information on participants' sociodemographics (e.g., age and education), smoking status, health status, exercise frequency, average time spent exercising, different supplements used, used supplements sources, and health beliefs regarding dietary supplements were obtained...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927057/role-of-diet-and-food-intake-in-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Naoko A Chapman, Robert J Jacobs, Andrea J Braakhuis
A systematic literature review was conducted to evaluate the role of diet and food intake in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Eighteen high-quality studies were identified. Adherence to a Mediterranean diet had decreased risk of AMD progression. An Oriental diet pattern had decreased association with AMD prevalence, whereas a Western diet pattern had increased association with AMD prevalence. High consumption of vegetables rich in carotenoids, and fatty fish containing omega-3 fatty acids was beneficial for those at risk of AMD...
June 21, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924321/relative-weight-gain-through-age-4-years-is-associated-with-increased-adiposity-and-higher-blood-pressure-and-insulinemia-at-4-5-years-of-age-in-mexican-children
#3
Ivonne Ramirez-Silva, Juan A Rivera, Belem Trejo-Valdivia, Aryeh D Stein, Reynaldo Martorell, Isabelle Romieu, Albino Barraza-Villarreal, Laura Avila-Jiménez, Usha Ramakrishnan
Background: Rapid early weight gain has been associated with increased risk of obesity and cardiometabolic alterations, but evidence in low and middle-income countries is inconclusive. Objective: We evaluated the relation between relative weight gain from 1 to 48 mo with adiposity and cardiometabolic risk factors at 4-5 y of age, and determined if adiposity is a mediator for cardiometabolic alterations. Methods: We studied 428 Mexican children with anthropometric and blood pressure (BP) information from birth to 5 y of age from POSGRAD (Prenatal Omega-3 fatty acid Supplementation and child GRowth And Development), of whom 334 provided measures of adiposity and cardiometabolic risk markers at 4 y...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923163/hypertriglyceridemia-induced-pancreatitis-updated-review-of-current-treatment-and-preventive-strategies
#4
REVIEW
Prashanth Rawla, Tagore Sunkara, Krishna Chaitanya Thandra, Vinaya Gaduputi
Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is an uncommon but well-established cause of acute pancreatitis (AP) comprising up to 7% of the cases. The clinical course of HTG-induced pancreatitis (HTGP) is highly similar to that of AP of other etiologies with HTG being the only distinguishing clinical feature. However, HTGP is often correlated with higher severity and elevated complication rate. At present, no approved treatment guideline for the management of HTGP is available, although different treatment modalities such as insulin, heparin, fibric acids, and omega 3 fatty acids have been successfully implemented to reduce serum triglycerides (TG)...
June 19, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921789/fatty-acid-stimulated-insulin-secretion-vs-lipotoxicity
#5
REVIEW
Petr Ježek, Martin Jabůrek, Blanka Holendová, Lydie Plecitá-Hlavatá
Fatty acid (FA)-stimulated insulin secretion (FASIS) is reviewed here in contrast to type 2 diabetes etiology, resulting from FA overload, oxidative stress, intermediate hyperinsulinemia, and inflammation, all converging into insulin resistance. Focusing on pancreatic islet β-cells, we compare the physiological FA roles with the pathological ones. Considering FAs not as mere amplifiers of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS), but as parallel insulin granule exocytosis inductors, partly independent of the KATP channel closure, we describe the FA initiating roles in the prediabetic state that is induced by retardations in the glycerol-3-phosphate (glucose)-promoted glycerol/FA cycle and by the impaired GPR40/FFA1 (free FA1) receptor pathway, specifically in its amplification by the redox-activated mitochondrial phospholipase, iPLA2γ...
June 19, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921583/loading-of-malonyl-coa-onto-tandem-acyl-carrier-protein-domains-of-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-synthases
#6
Omar Santín, Gabriel Moncalián
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are produced in some unicellular organisms, such as marine gammaproteobacteria, myxobacteria and thraustochytrids, by large enzyme complexes called PUFA synthases. These enzymatic complexes resemble bacterial antibiotic-producing proteins known as polyketide synthases (PKS). One of the PUFA synthase subunits is a conserved large protein (PfaA in marine proteobacteria) that contains three to nine tandem Acyl Carrier Protein domains as well as condensation and modification domains...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920417/how-lipids-may-affect-risk-for-suicidal-behavior
#7
REVIEW
Federico M Daray, J John Mann, M Elizabeth Sublette
Suicide and nonfatal suicidal behaviors are major causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Variability in rates of suicide and suicidal behaviors within and between countries has been attributed to population and individual risk factors, including economic status and cultural differences, both of which can have suicide risk effects mediated through a variety of factors, of which perhaps the least understood is the role of diet. We therefore review the scientific literature concerning two major dietary lipid classes, cholesterol and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), that have been associated with higher risk of suicide attempts and suicide...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917092/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-controlled-intervention-studies-on-the-effectiveness-of-long-chain-omega-3-fatty-acids-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#8
Kathy Musa-Veloso, Carolina Venditti, Han Youl Lee, Maryse Darch, Seth Floyd, Spencer West, Ryan Simon
Context: Treatment options for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are needed. Objective: The aim of this review was to systematically assess the effects of omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs), particularly eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, on liver-related and metabolic outcomes in adult and pediatric patients with NAFLD. Data Sources: The online information service ProQuest Dialog was used to search 8 literature databases...
June 15, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915949/dietary-supplements-and-fatigue-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Paula Tâmara Vieira Teixeira Pereira, Andréa Dias Reis, Renata Rodrigues Diniz, Franciléia Andrade Lima, Richard Diego Leite, Mayara Cristina Pinto da Silva, Rosane Nassar Meireles Guerra, Érica Brandão de Moraes Vieira, João Batista Santos Garcia
PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is defined as a distressing, persistent, and subjective sense of physical or emotional and/or cognitive exhaustion. The treatment of CRF includes pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies; dietary strategies with promising results have also been used. This study aimed to identify dietary supplements that improve fatigue in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement...
June 18, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909829/characterization-and-application-of-marine-microbial-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-synthesis
#10
Marco N Allemann, Eric E Allen
The long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs) EPA (20:5n-3) and DHA (22:6n-3) are widely recognized as beneficial to human health and development. Select lineages of cosmopolitan marine prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms synthesize these compounds via a unique fatty acid synthase/polyketide synthase mechanism that is distinct from the canonical desaturase/elongase-mediated pathway employed by the majority of eukaryotic single-cell microorganisms and metazoans. This "Pfa synthase" mechanism is highly efficient and has been co-opted for the large-scale industrial production of n-3 LC-PUFAs for commercial applications...
2018: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908038/the-effect-of-dietary-corn-oil-and-fish-oil-supplementation-in-dogs-with-naturally-occurring-gingivitis
#11
Ana L Lourenço, Henriette E Booij-Vrieling, Carmen B Vossebeld, António Neves, Carlos Viegas, Ronald J Corbee
The aim of this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study was to evaluate if downregulation of the inflammatory response due to ingestion of high levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) can slow down gingivitis development, and thus delay the progression of periodontal disease (PD) in dogs. To this aim, 44 client-owned adult dogs (>1 and <8 years old) with naturally occurring PD (stages 1 and 2) were submitted to a plaque, gingivitis and calculus scoring followed by a dental cleaning procedure and collection of blood samples...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907940/infection-and-recurrence-rates-of-the-c-qur-v-patch-%C3%A2-in-ventral-hernia-repairs
#12
D Cheng, L Bonato, C Leinkram
PURPOSE: Ventral hernias are a common surgical issue and a myriad of surgical mesh designs has been developed for their treatment. Many of these new mesh designs have not been extensively tested and their complications rates are largely unknown. The C-QUR V-Patch Mesh™ combines a unique knit construction polypropylene mesh with an omega-3 fatty acid coating. There has only previously been one reported study investigating this mesh. METHODS: A multicentre cohort study, with a single surgeon, of 168 consecutive patients with ventral hernias underwent repair using a standardized open pre-peritoneal approach with the novel C-QUR V-Patch Mesh™ between January 2013 and June 2015...
June 15, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907155/green-leafy-vegetables-in-diets-with-a-25-1-omega-6-omega-3-fatty-acid-ratio-modify-the-erythrocyte-fatty-acid-profile-of-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#13
Melissa Johnson, Ralphenia D Pace, Wendell H McElhenney
BACKGROUND: In addition to the actual composition of the diet (i.e. nutrient composition, food groups), the omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio has been demonstrated to influence the tissue fatty acid profile and subsequently the risk for cardiovascular and other diseases. Likewise, the consumption of green leafy vegetables (GLVs) may favorably reduce the risks associated with disease. Although an ~ 3:1 omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio (ω-6/ω-3 FAR) is recommended, the typical American diet has an ~ 25:1 ω-6/ω-3 FAR...
June 15, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904777/science-behind-the-cardio-metabolic-benefits-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-biochemical-effects-vs-clinical-outcomes
#14
REVIEW
Rohith N Thota, Jessica J A Ferguson, Kylie A Abbott, Cintia B Dias, Manohar L Garg
Lower incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the Greenland Inuit, Northern Canada and Japan has been attributed to their consumption of seafood rich in long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn-3PUFA). While a large majority of pre-clinical and intervention trials have demonstrated heart health benefits of LCn-3PUFA, some studies have shown no effects or even negative effects. LCn-3PUFA have been shown to favourably modulate blood lipid levels, particularly a reduction in circulating levels of triglycerides...
June 15, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902569/resolvin-e1-and-its-precursor-18r-hepe-restore-mitochondrial-function-in-inflammation
#15
Matthias Hecker, Natascha Sommer, Sebastian Foch, Andreas Hecker, Holger Hackstein, Martin Witzenrath, Norbert Weissmann, Werner Seeger, Konstantin Mayer
Inflammatory disorders such as sepsis are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Mitochondrial dysfunction is considered a key factor in the pathogenesis of severe inflammation. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the impact of arachidonic acid, omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids, and n-3-derived lipid mediators 18R-HEPE and resolvin (Rv) E1 on mitochondrial function in experimental inflammation. The results revealed that, in contrast to n-6 and n-3 fatty acids, both 18R-HEPE and RvE1 possess anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties...
June 11, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899246/fads-polymorphism-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-diabetes-risk-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Bárbara Brayner, Gunveen Kaur, Michelle A Keske, Katherine M Livingstone
The role of n- 3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n- 3 PUFA) in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is not well established. The synthesis of LC n- 3 PUFA requires fatty acid desaturase enzymes, which are encoded by the FADS gene. It is unclear if FADS polymorphism and dietary fatty acid intake can influence plasma or erythrocyte membrane fatty acid profile and thereby the risk of T2DM. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to assess the current evidence for an effect of FADS polymorphism on T2DM risk and understand its associations with serum/erythrocyte and dietary LC n- 3 PUFA...
June 13, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898064/omega-3-fatty-acids-reduce-the-triglyceride-levels-in-rats-with-apical-periodontitis
#17
Mariane Maffei Azuma, João Eduardo Gomes-Filho, Carolina de Barros Morais Cardoso, Camila Barbosa Pipa, Luis Gustavo Narciso, Suely Regina Mogami Bomfim, Rogério de Castilho Jacinto, Luciano Tavares Angelo Cintra
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the prophylactic and therapeutic supplementation with omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (w-3 PUFAs) on the lipid profile and periapical bone resorption in rats with apical periodontitis. Forty male rats were divided into groups: control rats (C), rats treated with w-3 PUFAs (C+O), rats with pulp exposure-induced apical periodontitis (AP), and rats with AP treated with w-3 PUFAs (AP+O). The administration of w-3 PUFAs was carried out orally once a day for 15 days before pulp exposure and, subsequently, for an additional 30 days after pulp exposure...
March 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893862/genetic-correlations-between-meat-quality-traits-and-growth-and-carcass-traits-in-merino-sheep
#18
S I Mortimer, N M Fogarty, J H J van der Werf, D J Brown, A A Swan, R H Jacob, G H Geesink, D L Hopkins, J E Hocking Edwards, E N Ponnampalam, R D Warner, K L Pearce, D W Pethick
Genetic correlations between 16 meat quality and nutritional value traits and live weight at various ages, ultrasound fat and muscle depth, carcass measures and carcass dissection traits were estimated for Merino sheep in the Information Nucleus (IN). Genetic correlations between live weight at various ages and the carcass traits are also reported. The IN comprises 8 genetically linked flocks managed across a range of Australian sheep environments. Meat quality traits included between 1,200 and 1,300 records for progeny from over 170 sires for intramuscular fat (IMF), lean meat yield (LMY), shear force (SF5), pH, meat color and meat nutritional value traits including iron and zinc levels and long chain omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid levels...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889889/adipose-tissue-content-of-alpha-linolenic-acid-and-the-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-and-ischemic-stroke-subtypes-a-danish-case-cohort-study
#19
Christian Sørensen Bork, Stine Krogh Venø, Søren Lundbye-Christensen, Marianne Uhre Jakobsen, Anne Tjønneland, Philip C Calder, Kim Overvad, Erik Berg Schmidt
BACKGROUND: The plant-derived omega-3 fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: We have investigated associations between the content of ALA in adipose tissue and the risk of ischemic stroke and its subtypes. METHODS: Incident cases of ischemic stroke among participants enrolled into the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort (n = 57,053) were identified by linkage with the Danish National Patient Register...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889307/different-fermentation-strategies-by-schizochytrium-mangrovei-strain-pq6-to-produce-feedstock-for-exploitation-of-squalene-and-omega-3-fatty-acids
#20
Lan Anh Thi Hoang, Ha Cam Nguyen, Thom Thi Le, Thi Huong Quynh Hoang, Van Nhat Pham, Minh Hien Thi Hoang, Hoai Thu Thi Ngo, Dang Diem Hong
Schizochytrium mangrovei strain PQ6 was investigated for co-production of docosahexaenoic acid (C22: 6ω-3, DHA) and squalene using a 30 L bioreactor with a working volume of 15 L under various batch and fed-batch fermentation process regimes. The fed-batch process was a more efficient cultivation strategy for achieving higher biomass production rich in DHA and squalene. The final biomass, total lipid, unsaponifiable lipid content and DHA productivity were 105.25 g · L-1 , 43.40% of dry cell weight, 8.58% total lipid and 61...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Phycology
keyword
keyword
87
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"