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Trauma in child

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331637/development-of-a-multi-dimensional-scale-to-measure-trauma-associated-with-child-sexual-abuse-mscsa-and-its-ramifying-impacts-on-children-a-pilot-study
#1
Vandana Choudhary, Sujata Satapathy, Rajesh Sagar
BACKGROUND: With the rising incidence of CSA in India and absence of culturally competent tool to assess the impact of trauma, there is a dire need for development of a comprehensive scale to assess the impact of trauma on children. Thus, the present study aims to develop a multi-dimensional CSA tool for children aged between 7 and 13 years. METHOD: Qualitative research method of FGD/Key Interviews with 4 group participants (Parents, counsellors, mental health and medical professionals) and in-depth interview with children having history of CSA was conducted along with item pooling from existing scales...
January 4, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331167/the-association-between-psychotic-experiences-and-traumatic-life-events-the-role-of-the-intention-to-harm
#2
Tais Silveira Moriyama, Marjan Drukker, Ary Gadelha, Pedro Mario Pan, Giovanni Abrahão Salum, Gisele Gus Manfro, Jair de Jesus Mari, Eurípedes Constantino Miguel, Luis Augusto Rohde, Guilherme Vanoni Polanczyk, Jim van Os, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan
BACKGROUND: Previous work showed traumatic life events (TLE) with intention to harm, like bullying and abuse, to be more strongly associated with psychotic experiences (PE) than other types of trauma, like accidents. However, this association is subject to reporting bias and can be confounded by demographic characteristics and by differences in dose of exposure across different trauma categories. We studied the association between TLE with and without intention to harm and PE, taking into account potential confounders and biases...
January 14, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328037/-implementation-of-the-right-for-health-care-for-children-internally-displaced-persons-certain-aspects
#3
S Buletsa, Y Lazur, M Mendzhul, О Pushkarenko
The aim of the article is to do a research on selected issues related to realizing the right for health сare for the children - internally dislocated persons. In order to achieve the given aim statistical data of the quantity of involuntarily dislocated persons including children and also the quantity of children registered with the health-care authority as well as the quantity of their requests for medical care have been analized. It has been determined that in case of involuntary dislocation children are more often exposed to trauma than adults which leads to different emotional disorders...
December 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326503/impact-of-dental-trauma-on-quality-of-life-among-11-14-years-schoolchildren
#4
Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
Background: Traumatic injuries are common dental problems in pediatric dentistry that may influence the children's quality of life. Aim: the aim of this study is to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Egyptian schoolchildren aged 11-14 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 11700 schoolchildren from public and private schools of Mansoura city, Egypt...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316709/screaming-body-and-silent-healthcare-providers-a-case-study-with-a-childhood-sexual-abuse-survivor
#5
REVIEW
Sigrun Sigurdardottir, Sigridur Halldorsdottir
Stressful early life experiences cause immune dysregulation across the lifespan. Despite the fact that studies have identified childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors as a particularly vulnerable group, only a few attempts have been made to study their lived-experience of the physical health consequences of CSA. The aim of this study was to explore a female CSA survivor's lived-experience of the physical health consequences of CSA and how she experienced the reactions of healthcare providers. Seven interviews were conducted with this 40-year-old woman, Anne, using a phenomenological research approach...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303902/rhabdomyolysis-in-a-tertiary-picu-a-10-year-study
#6
Ben Gelbart, Renata DeMarco, Alexander David Hussey, Siva P Namachivayam, Rosemary McRae, Catherine Quinlan, Trevor Duke
OBJECTIVES: Rhabdomyolysis is a disorder of muscle breakdown. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of rhabdomyolysis in children admitted to a PICU and to assess the relationship between peak creatinine kinase and mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study in children admitted to the PICU with rhabdomyolysis between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2014. Demographic, clinical, and outcome data were recorded. Outcomes were analyzed by level of peak creatinine kinase value (0-10,000, 10,001-50,000, > 50,000IU/L)...
January 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302787/pediatric-abusive-head-trauma-in-taiwan-clinical-characteristics-and-risk-factors-associated-with-mortality
#7
An-Lun Wu, Lai-Chu See, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, Hui-Tzu Tu, Nan-Kai Wang, Jing-Long Huang, Yih-Shiou Hwang, Chi-Chun Lai, Wei-Chi Wu
PURPOSE: To report the clinical characteristics of abusive head trauma (AHT) in Taiwan and identify the risk factors associated with mortality of these patients. METHODS: Children with clinically diagnosed AHT from January 1, 2000, to October 31, 2015 were reviewed. The demographic data, clinical features, and associated retinal and radiologic findings were analyzed. The multivariable logistic regression model analysis was performed to identify the risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality...
January 4, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299097/paravertebral-calcification-as-a-potential-indicator-for-nonaccidental-trauma
#8
Katsuaki Kojima, Jennifer Nimtz, Steven W Martin, Stephen R Guertin, Ellen C Cavenagh
We report a case of nonaccidental trauma (NAT) involving a 23-month-old boy who presented with seizures, acute subarachnoid hemorrhage, and acute subdural hemorrhage. Ophthalmologic examination showed bilateral intraretinal hemorrhages. Further evaluation revealed that he had bilateral thoracolumbar paravertebral calcifications. The Children's Protective Services agency was involved in the case. The child was discharged to an inpatient rehabilitation facility. Vertebral fracture associated with paravertebral calcification has been reported as a sign of NAT...
July 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294939/multidisciplinary-responses-to-the-sexual-victimization-of-children-use-of-control-phone-calls
#9
J William Canavan, Christine Borowski, Stacy Essex, Stefan Perkowski
This descriptive study addresses the question of the value of one-party consent phone calls regarding the sexual victimization of children. The authors reviewed 4 years of experience with children between the ages of 3 and 18 years selected for the control phone calls after a forensic interview by the New York State Police forensic interviewer. The forensic interviewer identified appropriate cases for control phone calls considering New York State law, the child's capacity to make the call, the presence of another person to make the call and a supportive residence...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294915/multiple-traumas-maternal-depression-mother-child-relationship-social-support-and-young-children-s-behavioral-problems
#10
Miriam Schiff, Ruth Pat-Horenczyk, Yuval Ziv, Danny Brom
This study examined whether maternal depression, mother-child relationships, and maternal perceived social support mediate the associations between child's exposure to multiple traumatic events and behavioral problems. We recruited a representative sample of 904 Israeli (Jewish and Arab) mothers and their 2- to 6-year-old children. Data collection was conducted through structured face-to-face interviews with the mothers between July and November 2011. All measures were completed by the mothers. We used the child's and mother's exposure to political violence questionnaires, Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), a short version of the Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Social Support Survey...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294875/types-of-trauma-and-self-reported-pain-that-limits-functioning-in-different-aged-cohorts
#11
Ginny Sprang, Heather M Bush, Ann L Coker, Candace J Brancato
There is a growing body of literature that childhood or adult trauma exposure can have lifelong mental and physical health impacts. In this large cross-sectional analysis, authors investigated combinations of trauma types and pain resulting in functional limitations among women recruited into a statewide health registry. Combinations of traumas such as child physical abuse (CPA), child sexual abuse (CSA), and adult violence were hypothesized to be associated with greater likelihood of limiting pain and earlier symptom onset, relative to women with no or singular trauma exposures...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294821/-victim-perpetrator-or-just-my-brother-sibling-sexual-abuse-in-large-families-a-child-advocacy-center-study
#12
Dafna Tener, Noam Tarshish, Shosh Turgeman
Sibling sexual abuse (SSA) is a continuum of childhood sexual behaviors that do not fit the category of age-appropriate curiosity. Although SSA may be the most prevalent and longest lasting form of intrafamilial sexual abuse-as well as the one with the worst repercussions-it is also the least reported, studied, and treated. Based on 100 mostly religious Jewish families referred to a child advocacy center (CAC) in Jerusalem from 2010 to 2015, this qualitative study examines SSA characteristics, dynamics, and perceptions of deviancy in multisibling subsystems...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294755/longitudinal-trajectory-of-exposure-to-psychological-interpersonal-violence
#13
Stefanie Poehacker, David Phillips, Jessica Riggs, Dean Lauterbach
Psychological intimate partner violence (P-IPV) refers to verbal abuse from one partner to another and abuse of power or control from one partner to another. To date, no studies have examined the longitudinal course of P-IPV exposure among mothers or the effect that witnessing P-IPV can have on their children. Using latent class growth analysis, the current study identified five trajectory groups with the following intercept and growth characteristics: low stable, low-increasing, moderate-decreasing, high-decreasing, and consistently elevated...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294679/childhood-trauma-social-networks-and-the-mental-health-of-adult-survivors
#14
F David Schneider, Cynthia A Loveland Cook, Joanne Salas, Jeffrey Scherrer, Ivy N Cleveland, Sandra K Burge
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of childhood trauma to the quality of social networks and health outcomes later in adulthood. Data were obtained from a convenience sample of 254 adults seen in one of 10 primary care clinics in the state of Texas. Standardized measures of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), stressful and supportive social relationships, medical conditions, anxiety, depression, and health-related quality of life were administered. Using latent class analysis, subjects were assigned to one of four ACE classes: (a) minimal childhood abuse (56%), (b) physical/verbal abuse of both child and mother with household alcohol abuse (13%), (c) verbal and physical abuse of child with household mental illness (12%), and (d) verbal abuse only (19%)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294666/exploring-bullying-perpetration-and-victimization-among-adolescent-girls-in-the-child-welfare-system-bully-only-victim-only-bully-victim-and-noninvolved-roles
#15
Paul R Sterzing, Wendy F Auslander, G Allen Ratliff, Donald R Gerke, Tonya Edmond, Melissa Jonson-Reid
Childhood abuse is a common experience for youth in the child welfare system, increasing their risk of bullying perpetration and victimization. Little research exists that has examined the rates of bullying perpetration and victimization for child welfare-involved adolescent girls. The study addressed the following aims: (a) to generate frequency estimates of physical, nonphysical, and relational forms of bullying perpetration and victimization; (b) to identify the frequency of bully-only, victim-only, bully-victim, and noninvolved roles; and (c) to identify risk and protective factors that correlate with these bullying role types...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283957/early-tracheostomy-in-patients-with-traumatic-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-appears-safe-and-may-improve-outcomes
#16
Christopher Flanagan, Benjamin R Childs, Timothy A Moore, Heather A Vallier
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series OBJECTIVE.: To characterize outcomes associated with tracheostomy timing following traumatic cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The morbidity associated with cervical spine trauma is substantially increased in the setting of concomitant CSCI. Despite recent evidence, it remains uncertain if early tracheostomy following traumatic CSCI can improve outcomes. METHODS: From January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2015, retrospective chart review identified seventy (70) patients who presented to a single Level 1 trauma center with traumatic CSCI and received tracheostomy for management of respiratory compromise...
December 27, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283656/award-for-distinguished-professional-contributions-to-independent-practice-mary-o-leary-wiley
#17
(no author information available yet)
The Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Independent Practice is intended to recognize outstanding independent practitioners in psychology. The award is given to a psychologist working in an area of clinical specialization, health services provision, or consulting, and services provided to any patient population or professional clientele in an independent setting. The 2017 recipient is Mary O'Leary Wiley, who has demonstrated exemplary service in the areas of child treatment and trauma as well as adoption, raising awareness of social contexts...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283640/award-for-distinguished-senior-career-contributions-to-psychology-in-the-public-interest-gail-s-goodman
#18
(no author information available yet)
The APA Awards for Distinguished Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest recognize persons who have advanced psychology as a science and/or profession by a single extraordinary achievement or a lifetime of outstanding contributions in the public interest. The 2016 recipient of the Award for Distinguished Senior Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest is Gail S. Goodman. She was selected for her innovative basic and applied research examining the relations between childhood trauma, attachment, memory and suggestibility, and child well-being, which helped shape evidence-based practices and policies...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282852/tooth-injuries-knowledge-of-parents-of-public-school-students-from-the-city-of-alfenas-minas-gerais-brazil
#19
Leopoldo Cosme-Silva, Leandro Araújo Fernandes, Eliana Rodrigues Rosselli, Wilson Roberto Poi, Natália da Silva Martins, Daniela Coelho de Lima
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The prognosis of traumatized teeth can be optimized if appropriate procedures are following at the time of the accident. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of knowledge of students' parents from a group of Brazilian schools regarding fracture and tooth avulsion in permanent teeth METHODS: Parents of 802 students were interviewed using a pre-tested questionnaire designed to explore how they would manage their child's dental avulsion or fracture. RESULTS: Among the parents, 8...
December 28, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279780/locked-central-fracture-dislocation-of-the-hip-in-a-child-after-low-energy-trauma
#20
Alexandre H Nehme, Jack C Daoud, Hicham G Abdelnour, Jad N Bou Mounsef, Ramzi C Moucharafieh, Joseph W Wehbe
We present the case of a 13-year-old boy who sustained a locked central fracture dislocation of the right acetabulum following a bicycle fall. Immediate external reduction maneuvers under general anesthesia were unsuccessful due to intrapelvic entrapment of the femoral head. Open reduction internal fixation was achieved 48 hours later. After an initial satisfactory postoperative course, the patient ended up developing severe hip osteoarthritis 16 months after the procedure. The rarity of this injury in children is discussed, with its possible implications on joint congruity and potential growth injury...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
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