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Lumbar spondylosis

Bin-Fei Zhang, Chao-Yuan Ge, Bo-Long Zheng, Ding-Jun Hao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) versus posterolateral fusion (PLF) in degenerative lumbar spondylosis. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed to obtain randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies (OSs) of TLIF and PLF for degenerative lumbar spondylosis. Trials performed before November 2015 were retrieved from the Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and Chinese databases...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ralph J Mobbs, Kevin Phan, Greg Malham, Kevin Seex, Prashanth J Rao
Degenerative disc and facet joint disease of the lumbar spine is common in the ageing population, and is one of the most frequent causes of disability. Lumbar spondylosis may result in mechanical back pain, radicular and claudicant symptoms, reduced mobility and poor quality of life. Surgical interbody fusion of degenerative levels is an effective treatment option to stabilize the painful motion segment, and may provide indirect decompression of the neural elements, restore lordosis and correct deformity. The surgical options for interbody fusion of the lumbar spine include: posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF), transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF), minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF), oblique lumbar interbody fusion/anterior to psoas (OLIF/ATP), lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) and anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF)...
December 2015: J Spine Surg
Yashar Eshraghi, Vimal Desai, Calvin Cajigal Cajigal, Kutaiba Tabbaa
BACKGROUND: Lumbar synovial cysts can result from spondylosis of facet joints. These cysts can encroach on adjacent nerve roots, causing symptoms of radiculopathy. Currently the only definitive treatment for these symptoms is surgery, which may involve laminectomy or laminotomy, with or without spinal fusion. Surgery has been reported to successfully relieve radicular pain in 83.5% of patients by Zhenbo et al. Little information is available concerning the efficacy and outcome of percutaneous fluoroscopic synovial cyst rupture for treatment of facet joint synovial cysts...
September 2016: Pain Physician
George Sikalengo, Adria Ramirez, Diana Faini, Kim Mwamelo, Manuel Battegay, Levan Jugheli, Christoph Hatz, Klaus Reither, Emilio Letang
BACKGROUND: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis of EPTB is challenging in resource-limited settings due to difficulties in obtaining samples, as well as the paucibacillarity of the specimens. Skeletal tuberculosis accounts for 10-35 % of EPTB cases, with vertebral osteomyelitis (Pott's disease) representing 50 % of the cases. We present two cases of suspected Pott's disease, diagnosed through GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay in urine at a rural Tanzanian hospital...
September 26, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Daniel G Tobert, Valentin Antoci, Shaun P Patel, Ehsan Saadat, Christopher M Bono
Adjacent segment disease (ASD) is disappointing long-term outcome for both the patient and clinician. In contrast to adjacent segment degeneration, which is a common radiographic finding, ASD is less common. The incidence of ASD in both the cervical and lumbar spine is between 2% and 4% per year, and ASD is a significant contributor to reoperation rates after spinal arthrodesis. The etiology of ASD is multifactorial, stemming from existing spondylosis at adjacent levels, predisposed risk to degenerative changes, and altered biomechanical forces near a previous fusion site...
September 16, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Kalaiselvi Selvaraj, Manikandan Srinivasan, Venkatachalam Duraisamy, Gomathi Ramaswamy, Vinayagamurthy Venugopal, Palanivel Chinnakali
BACKGROUND: Recently, under National Health Mission alternate systems of Medicine are mainstreamed in public health care system. Effective action plan generation, logistic arrangement and roll out of these alternate systems of Medicine needs understanding on profile of morbidities among attendees who come to these facilities. OBJECTIVES: This study was planned to report profile of morbidities, age and sex differentials in specific morbidities among geriatric attendees in secondary level siddha health facilities...
April 2016: Ancient Science of Life
Ji Na Kim, Soon Tae Kwon, Kyung Nam Ryu
Invagination of peritoneal or retroperitoneal structures into the intervertebral disc space of the lumbar spine is extremely rare. In this article the imaging features and clinical findings are demonstrated in four patients with intervertebral invagination of intra-abdominal structures. Plain radiographs, CT scans, and MR images showed disruption of the anterior ligamentous complex (ALC) and invagination of various structures into the disc space, including the vena cava, iliac vessels, intestine, the torn redundant anterior longitudinal ligament, retroperitoneal fat, and the psoas muscle...
November 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Noriko Yoshimura, Shigeyuki Muraki, Kozo Nakamura, Sakae Tanaka
Although locomotive organ disorders are major causes of disability and require support, little information is available regarding their epidemiology. Prevalence and co-existence of locomotive organ disorders including knee osteoarthritis (KOA), lumbar spondylosis (LS), hip osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis have been determined from baseline results of the Research on Osteoarthritis/Osteoporosis Against Disability (ROAD) study. KOA, LS, and hip osteoarthritis overlap in the population, while KOA and LS co-exist in 42...
August 19, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
Wanxin Wen, Lihong Yang, Shaonan Liu, Ying Zhong, Xiaoyi Hu, Xiaowan Huang, Xinfeng Guo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reporting quality of randomized controlled trials (RCT) that compared Bo's abdominal acupuncture with conventional body acupuncture, and compare the efficacy and safety between them by performing a Meta-analysis. METHODS: All RCTs comparing Bo's abdominal acupuncture with conventional body acupuncture were included. English and Chinese databases were searched from their respective inceptions to March 2014. The reporting quality was assessed according to the "Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials" (CONSORT) checklist for parallel RCTs and the revised "Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture" (STRICTA)...
June 2016: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan
Ryan Khanna, Joseph L McDevitt, Zachary A Abecassis, Zachary A Smith, Tyler R Koski, Richard G Fessler, Nader S Dahdaleh
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) has undergone significant evolution since its conception as a fusion technique to treat lumbar spondylosis. MIS-TLIF is commonly performed using intraoperative two-dimensional fluoroscopic x-rays. However, intraoperative CT based navigation during MIS-TLIF is gaining popularity for improvements in visualizing anatomy and reducing intraoperative radiation to surgeons and operating room staff. This is the first study to compare clinical outcomes and cost between these two imaging techniques during MIS- TILF...
July 13, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Noriko Yoshimura, Kozo Nakamura
Although locomotive organ diseases such as osteoporotic fractures and osteoarthritis are major reasons for disability and require support, little information is available regarding the epidemiology of musculoskeletal dysfunction and its symptoms including knee pain and lumbar pain in Japan. The research on osteoarthritis/osteoporosis against disability (ROAD) study is a prospective cohort study that aims at elucidating the environmental and genetic background for locomotive organ diseases, and has been ongoing since 2005...
2016: Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Yu Han, Jianguang Sun, Chenghan Luo, Shilei Huang, Liren Li, Xiang Ji, Xiaozong Duan, Zhenqing Wang, Guofu Pi
OBJECTIVE Pedicle screw-based dynamic spinal stabilization systems (PDSs) were devised to decrease, theoretically, the risk of long-term complications such as adjacent-segment degeneration (ASD) after lumbar fusion surgery. However, to date, there have been few studies that fully proved that a PDS can reduce the risk of ASD. The purpose of this study was to examine whether a PDS can influence the incidence of ASD and to discuss the surgical coping strategy for L5-S1 segmental spondylosis with preexisting L4-5 degeneration with no related symptoms or signs...
June 24, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
David J Wang, Stephen P Lownie, David Pelz, Sachin Pandey
Spinal synovial cysts are benign protrusions of facet joint capsules caused by degenerative spondylosis, most frequently involving the L4-5 level, and commonly lead to symptoms of back pain, radiculopathy and neurogenic claudication. Although percutaneous treatment via facet joint steroid injection with cyst rupture can provide significant symptom relief, cyst rupture is not always achievable via an indirect trans-facet approach due to limited access from severe degenerative changes. In this case, we describe a successful approach to direct cyst access using a laser-guided navigational software in a patient with severe facet joint osteophytosis...
October 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Yoshimasa Mori, Toshiki Kawamura, Yukihiko Ohshima, Arisa Takeuchi, Toshie Mori, Tuneo Ishiguchi
A case of cervical (C) spinal intramedullary metastasis and multiple small brain metastases from papillary thyroid carcinoma was presented. Spinal metastasis caused posterior neck and left shoulder pain, dysesthesia in both legs, and motor weakness in both legs and left arm, though the brain metastases were asymptomatic. Both the spinal and brain metastases were successfully treated by frameless stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT)/stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). The patient's symptoms were almost entirely relieved within two months...
2016: Curēus
Anousheh Sayah, Ann K Jay, Jacob S Toaff, Erini V Makariou, Frank Berkowitz
OBJECTIVE: Reducing lumbar spine MRI scanning time while retaining diagnostic accuracy can benefit patients and reduce health care costs. This study compares the effectiveness of a rapid lumbar MRI protocol using 3D T2-weighted sampling perfection with application-optimized contrast with different flip-angle evolutions (SPACE) sequences with a standard MRI protocol for evaluation of lumbar spondylosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred fifty consecutive unenhanced lumbar MRI examinations performed at 1...
September 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Marlene Sickinger, Manuela Hirz, Martin J Schmidt, Manfred Reinacher
BACKGROUND: Dysuria in camelids is usually associated with the presence of lower urinary tract disease such as urolithiasis. As another differential diagnosis, urine retention may be caused by neurological disturbances resulting from infections of the spinal cord, discospondylitis or trauma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 2.5-year-old male Huacaya alpaca (Vicugna pacos) presented with dysuria due to damage of the lumbosacral intumescence of the spinal cord. On presentation the alpaca was recumbent...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
S Le Pape, L Du Pouget, T Cloche, M Campana, I Obeid, L Boissiere, J-M Vital
PURPOSE: For the past few years, anterior exposure for surgery of the lumbar spine has gained popularity for the treatment of disk disease or spondylosis. Cancellous bone remains the gold standard for fusion. Iliac crest bone harvesting is safe but there are donor site complications. Bone substitutes exist, like recombinant human bone morphogenic protein-2 rhBMP-2. This alternative offers a high rate of fusion but with local and general complications. The aim of our study is to show the feasibility of an endopelvic approach for iliac bone crest harvesting to avoid donor site complication...
May 9, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Ramsis F Ghaly, Alexei Lissounov, Kenneth D Candido, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord stimulators (SCSs) are gaining increasing indications and utility in an expanding variety of clinical conditions. Complications and initial expenses have historically prevented the early use of SCS therapy despite ongoing efforts to educate and promote its utilization. At present, there exists no literature evidence of SCS implantation in a chronically anticoagulated patient, and neuromodulation manufacturers are conspicuously silent in providing warnings or recommendations in the face of anticoagulant use chronically...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
Kyongsong Kim, Toyohiko Isu, Naoya Emoto, Rinko Kokubo, Daijiro Morimoto, Naotaka Iwamoto, Shiro Kobayashi, Akio Morita
PURPOSE: Many patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) experience numbness in the extremities. This DM neuropathy may be complicated by peripheral entrapment neuropathy. We prospectively investigated the cause(s) of limb numbness in DM patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 23 patients with uni- or bilateral limb numbness who were treated in our DM clinic. They were 10 men and 13 women; their average age was 63 years. The average duration of their neurological symptoms was 28...
April 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
Sergio A Gomes, Holger A Volk, Rowena Ma Packer, Patrick J Kenny, Elsa Beltran, Steven De Decker
Treatment recommendations differ for dogs with intervertebral disk extrusion vs. intervertebral disk protrusion. The aim of this retrospective, cross-sectional study was to determine whether clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) variables could be used to predict a diagnosis of thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion or protrusion in dogs. Dogs were included if they were large breed dogs, had an MRI study of the thoracolumbar or lumbar vertebral column, had undergone spinal surgery, and had the type of intervertebral disk herniation (intervertebral disk extrusion or protrusion) clearly stated in surgical reports...
July 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
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