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Lumbar spondylosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917347/identification-of-lumbar-disc-disease-hallmarks-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#1
Jun Zhang, Fei Zhao, Feng-Liang Wang, Yong-Feng Yang, Chen Zhang, Yue Cao, You-Lin Wang, Xiao-Juan Shi, Yi Wan, Min Zhang, Meng-Qiao Liu, Chun-Guang Zuo, Hai-Qiang Wang
BACKGROUND: Lumbar disc disease has a disabling impact on global people with heavy burden on society, mainly consisting of lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) and lumbar disc herniation (LDH). The recently released lumbar disc nomenclature version 2.0 deepens our understandings on the diseases. Consequently, there is an urgent need to clarify the occurrence and distribution features of LDD and LDH in a large-scale sample in terms of the novel version. QUESTION/PURPOSES: We asked: (1) Is there a difference in the occurrence and distribution hallmarks of LDD and LDH in a population-based large-scale sample? (2) Does the novel nomenclature version bring novel vision on lumbar disc disease? METHODS: Five thousand two hundred eighty-eight consecutive cases (26,440 lumbar discs) undergoing lumbar spine MRI were retrospectively included from Jan 2008 to Dec 2010 in a territory university hospital...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905911/prevalence-of-lumbar-spondylosis-and-its-association-with-low-back-pain-among-community-dwelling-japanese-women
#2
Ritsu Tsujimoto, Yasuyo Abe, Kazuhiko Arima, Takayuki Nishimura, Masato Tomita, Akihiko Yonekura, Takashi Miyamoto, Shohei Matsubayashi, Natsumi Tanaka, Kiyoshi Aoyagi, Makoto Osaki
BACKGROUND: Lumbar spondylosis is more prevalent among the middle-aged and elderly, but few population-based studies have been conducted, especially in Japan. The purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence of lumbar spondylosis and its associations with low back pain among community-dwelling Japanese women. METHODS: Lateral radiographs of the lumbar spine were obtained from 490 Japanese women ≥ 40 years old, and scored for lumbar spondylosis using the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade at lumbar intervertebral level from L1/2 to L5/S1...
December 1, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831966/the-kinematics-and-spondylosis-of-the-lumbar-spine-vary-depending-on-the-levels-of-motion-segments-in-individuals-with-low-back-pain
#3
Bryce A Basques, Alejandro A Espinoza Orías, Grant D Shifflett, Michael P Fice, Gunnar B Andersson, Howard S An, Nozomu Inoue
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To identify associations of spondylotic and kinematic changes with low back pain (LBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The ability to characterize and differentiate the biomechanics of both the symptomatic and asymptomatic lumbar spine is crucial to alleviate the sparse literature on the association of lumbar spine biomechanics and LBP. METHODS: Lumbar dynamic plain radiographs (flexion-extension), dynamic CT scanning (axial rotation, disc height) and MRI (disc and facet degeneration grades) were obtained for each subject...
November 9, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792054/evaluation-and-treatment-of-lumbar-facet-cysts
#4
Barrett S Boody, Jason W Savage
Lumbar facet cysts are a rare but increasingly common cause of symptomatic nerve root compression and can lead to radiculopathy, neurogenic claudication, and cauda equina syndrome. The cysts arise from the zygapophyseal joints of the lumbar spine and commonly demonstrate synovial herniation with mucinous degeneration of the facet joint capsule. Lumbar facet cysts are most common at the L4-L5 level and often are associated with spondylosis and degenerative spondylolisthesis. Advanced imaging studies have increased diagnosis of the cysts; however, optimal treatment of the cysts remains controversial...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775931/sublaminar-decompression-a-new-technique-for-spinal-canal-decompression-in-the-treatment-of-stenosis-in-degenerative-spinal-conditions
#5
Khaled M Kebaish, Benjamin D Elder, Sheng-Fu L Lo, Timothy F Witham
STUDY DESIGN: Technical report and case illustration. OBJECTIVE: To review the rationale and steps for a sublaminar decompression in the setting of adult deformity surgery and in degenerative spondylosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Several variations of lumbar laminotomy and posterior decompressions have been reported, although these are primarily in the setting of isolated lumbar stenosis, and often focus on treatment of central stenosis...
October 21, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749558/transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-versus-posterolateral-fusion-in-degenerative-lumbar-spondylosis-a-meta-analysis
#6
Bin-Fei Zhang, Chao-Yuan Ge, Bo-Long Zheng, Ding-Jun Hao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) versus posterolateral fusion (PLF) in degenerative lumbar spondylosis. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed to obtain randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies (OSs) of TLIF and PLF for degenerative lumbar spondylosis. Trials performed before November 2015 were retrieved from the Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and Chinese databases...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683674/lumbar-interbody-fusion-techniques-indications-and-comparison-of-interbody-fusion-options-including-plif-tlif-mi-tlif-olif-atp-llif-and-alif
#7
REVIEW
Ralph J Mobbs, Kevin Phan, Greg Malham, Kevin Seex, Prashanth J Rao
Degenerative disc and facet joint disease of the lumbar spine is common in the ageing population, and is one of the most frequent causes of disability. Lumbar spondylosis may result in mechanical back pain, radicular and claudicant symptoms, reduced mobility and poor quality of life. Surgical interbody fusion of degenerative levels is an effective treatment option to stabilize the painful motion segment, and may provide indirect decompression of the neural elements, restore lordosis and correct deformity. The surgical options for interbody fusion of the lumbar spine include: posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF), transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF), minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF), oblique lumbar interbody fusion/anterior to psoas (OLIF/ATP), lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) and anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF)...
December 2015: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676672/outcome-of-percutaneous-lumbar-synovial-cyst-rupture-in-patients-with-lumbar-radiculopathy
#8
Yashar Eshraghi, Vimal Desai, Calvin Cajigal Cajigal, Kutaiba Tabbaa
BACKGROUND: Lumbar synovial cysts can result from spondylosis of facet joints. These cysts can encroach on adjacent nerve roots, causing symptoms of radiculopathy. Currently the only definitive treatment for these symptoms is surgery, which may involve laminectomy or laminotomy, with or without spinal fusion. Surgery has been reported to successfully relieve radicular pain in 83.5% of patients by Zhenbo et al. Little information is available concerning the efficacy and outcome of percutaneous fluoroscopic synovial cyst rupture for treatment of facet joint synovial cysts...
September 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670679/tuberculous-spondylitis-diagnosed-through-xpert-mtb-rif-assay-in-urine-a-case-report
#9
George Sikalengo, Adria Ramirez, Diana Faini, Kim Mwamelo, Manuel Battegay, Levan Jugheli, Christoph Hatz, Klaus Reither, Emilio Letang
BACKGROUND: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis of EPTB is challenging in resource-limited settings due to difficulties in obtaining samples, as well as the paucibacillarity of the specimens. Skeletal tuberculosis accounts for 10-35 % of EPTB cases, with vertebral osteomyelitis (Pott's disease) representing 50 % of the cases. We present two cases of suspected Pott's disease, diagnosed through GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay in urine at a rural Tanzanian hospital...
September 26, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642820/adjacent-segment-disease-in-the-cervical-and-lumbar-spine
#10
Daniel G Tobert, Valentin Antoci, Shaun P Patel, Ehsan Saadat, Christopher M Bono
Adjacent segment disease (ASD) is disappointing long-term outcome for both the patient and clinician. In contrast to adjacent segment degeneration, which is a common radiographic finding, ASD is less common. The incidence of ASD in both the cervical and lumbar spine is between 2% and 4% per year, and ASD is a significant contributor to reoperation rates after spinal arthrodesis. The etiology of ASD is multifactorial, stemming from existing spondylosis at adjacent levels, predisposed risk to degenerative changes, and altered biomechanical forces near a previous fusion site...
September 16, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621518/morbidity-profile-of-elderly-outpatients-attending-selected-sub-district-siddha-health-facilities-in-tamil-nadu-india
#11
Kalaiselvi Selvaraj, Manikandan Srinivasan, Venkatachalam Duraisamy, Gomathi Ramaswamy, Vinayagamurthy Venugopal, Palanivel Chinnakali
BACKGROUND: Recently, under National Health Mission alternate systems of Medicine are mainstreamed in public health care system. Effective action plan generation, logistic arrangement and roll out of these alternate systems of Medicine needs understanding on profile of morbidities among attendees who come to these facilities. OBJECTIVES: This study was planned to report profile of morbidities, age and sex differentials in specific morbidities among geriatric attendees in secondary level siddha health facilities...
April 2016: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614964/invagination-of-intra-abdominal-structures-in-the-lumbar-intervertebral-disc-space
#12
Ji Na Kim, Soon Tae Kwon, Kyung Nam Ryu
Invagination of peritoneal or retroperitoneal structures into the intervertebral disc space of the lumbar spine is extremely rare. In this article the imaging features and clinical findings are demonstrated in four patients with intervertebral invagination of intra-abdominal structures. Plain radiographs, CT scans, and MR images showed disruption of the anterior ligamentous complex (ALC) and invagination of various structures into the disc space, including the vena cava, iliac vessels, intestine, the torn redundant anterior longitudinal ligament, retroperitoneal fat, and the psoas muscle...
November 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538793/epidemiology-of-the-locomotive-syndrome-the-research-on-osteoarthritis-osteoporosis-against-disability-study-2005-2015
#13
Noriko Yoshimura, Shigeyuki Muraki, Kozo Nakamura, Sakae Tanaka
Although locomotive organ disorders are major causes of disability and require support, little information is available regarding their epidemiology. Prevalence and co-existence of locomotive organ disorders including knee osteoarthritis (KOA), lumbar spondylosis (LS), hip osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis have been determined from baseline results of the Research on Osteoarthritis/Osteoporosis Against Disability (ROAD) study. KOA, LS, and hip osteoarthritis overlap in the population, while KOA and LS co-exist in 42...
August 19, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468555/-reporting-quality-and-effect-size-comparison-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-bo-s-abdominal-acupuncture-using-consort-statement-and-stricta
#14
Wanxin Wen, Lihong Yang, Shaonan Liu, Ying Zhong, Xiaoyi Hu, Xiaowan Huang, Xinfeng Guo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reporting quality of randomized controlled trials (RCT) that compared Bo's abdominal acupuncture with conventional body acupuncture, and compare the efficacy and safety between them by performing a Meta-analysis. METHODS: All RCTs comparing Bo's abdominal acupuncture with conventional body acupuncture were included. English and Chinese databases were searched from their respective inceptions to March 2014. The reporting quality was assessed according to the "Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials" (CONSORT) checklist for parallel RCTs and the revised "Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture" (STRICTA)...
June 2016: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423195/an-outcome-and-cost-analysis-comparing-single-level-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-using-intraoperative-fluoroscopy-versus-ct-guided-navigation
#15
Ryan Khanna, Joseph L McDevitt, Zachary A Abecassis, Zachary A Smith, Tyler R Koski, Richard G Fessler, Nader S Dahdaleh
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) has undergone significant evolution since its conception as a fusion technique to treat lumbar spondylosis. MIS-TLIF is commonly performed using intraoperative two-dimensional fluoroscopic x-rays. However, intraoperative CT based navigation during MIS-TLIF is gaining popularity for improvements in visualizing anatomy and reducing intraoperative radiation to surgeons and operating room staff. This is the first study to compare clinical outcomes and cost between these two imaging techniques during MIS- TILF...
July 13, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375371/epidemiology-of-locomotive-organ-disorders-and-symptoms-an-estimation-using-the-population-based-cohorts-in-japan
#16
Noriko Yoshimura, Kozo Nakamura
Although locomotive organ diseases such as osteoporotic fractures and osteoarthritis are major reasons for disability and require support, little information is available regarding the epidemiology of musculoskeletal dysfunction and its symptoms including knee pain and lumbar pain in Japan. The research on osteoarthritis/osteoporosis against disability (ROAD) study is a prospective cohort study that aims at elucidating the environmental and genetic background for locomotive organ diseases, and has been ongoing since 2005...
2016: Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341057/comparison-of-pedicle-screw-based-dynamic-stabilization-and-fusion-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-radiographic-adjacent-segment-degeneration-a-retrospective-analysis-of-single-l5-s1-degenerative-spondylosis-covering-4-years
#17
Yu Han, Jianguang Sun, Chenghan Luo, Shilei Huang, Liren Li, Xiang Ji, Xiaozong Duan, Zhenqing Wang, Guofu Pi
OBJECTIVE Pedicle screw-based dynamic spinal stabilization systems (PDSs) were devised to decrease, theoretically, the risk of long-term complications such as adjacent-segment degeneration (ASD) after lumbar fusion surgery. However, to date, there have been few studies that fully proved that a PDS can reduce the risk of ASD. The purpose of this study was to examine whether a PDS can influence the incidence of ASD and to discuss the surgical coping strategy for L5-S1 segmental spondylosis with preexisting L4-5 degeneration with no related symptoms or signs...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27298012/a-novel-approach-to-symptomatic-lumbar-facet-joint-synovial-cyst-injection-and-rupture-using-iguide-navigational-software-a-case-report-and-review
#18
David J Wang, Stephen P Lownie, David Pelz, Sachin Pandey
Spinal synovial cysts are benign protrusions of facet joint capsules caused by degenerative spondylosis, most frequently involving the L4-5 level, and commonly lead to symptoms of back pain, radiculopathy and neurogenic claudication. Although percutaneous treatment via facet joint steroid injection with cyst rupture can provide significant symptom relief, cyst rupture is not always achievable via an indirect trans-facet approach due to limited access from severe degenerative changes. In this case, we describe a successful approach to direct cyst access using a laser-guided navigational software in a patient with severe facet joint osteophytosis...
October 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27284497/stereotactic-radiotherapy-for-cervical-spinal-intramedullary-metastasis-and-multiple-brain-metastases-a-case-report
#19
Yoshimasa Mori, Toshiki Kawamura, Yukihiko Ohshima, Arisa Takeuchi, Toshie Mori, Tuneo Ishiguchi
A case of cervical (C) spinal intramedullary metastasis and multiple small brain metastases from papillary thyroid carcinoma was presented. Spinal metastasis caused posterior neck and left shoulder pain, dysesthesia in both legs, and motor weakness in both legs and left arm, though the brain metastases were asymptomatic. Both the spinal and brain metastases were successfully treated by frameless stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT)/stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). The patient's symptoms were almost entirely relieved within two months...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275868/effectiveness-of-a-rapid-lumbar-spine-mri-protocol-using-3d-t2-weighted-space-imaging-versus-a-standard-protocol-for-evaluation-of-degenerative-changes-of-the-lumbar-spine
#20
Anousheh Sayah, Ann K Jay, Jacob S Toaff, Erini V Makariou, Frank Berkowitz
OBJECTIVE: Reducing lumbar spine MRI scanning time while retaining diagnostic accuracy can benefit patients and reduce health care costs. This study compares the effectiveness of a rapid lumbar MRI protocol using 3D T2-weighted sampling perfection with application-optimized contrast with different flip-angle evolutions (SPACE) sequences with a standard MRI protocol for evaluation of lumbar spondylosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred fifty consecutive unenhanced lumbar MRI examinations performed at 1...
September 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
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