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Salutogenesis theory

Bengt Lindström
This presentation is a synthesis of a workshop on Salutogenesis and the Future of Health Promotion and Public Health at the Nordic Health Promotion Research Conference in June 2016. A brief historical review of Public Health and Health Promotion development in a Nordic perspective is included. However, the main thrust of the article is to present how the salutogenic theory and approach could strengthen society's organised efforts to prevent disease, promote health and prolong life. A critical view based on existing evidence is maintained through the presentation that arrives at the conclusion it would be worthwhile to invest in effective theory driven approaches to the development of Public Health and Health Promotion in the future...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Ruca Maass, Bengt Lindström, Monica Lillefjell
BACKGROUND: Providing individuals with psychosocial resources such as sense of coherence (SOC) seems a beneficial strategy for health promotion in the neighborhood. In order to become a supporting theory for health promotion, Salutogenesis should renew its focus on resources for health, and explore how the development of a strong SOC can be facilitated. METHODS: Relevant issues were explored using a Grounded Theory- approach. Three focus-group-sessions and three in-depth interviews were conducted with strategically sampled participants...
September 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
Dana Hag Hamed, Marguerite Daniel
Although there are many studies assessing the influence of religious beliefs on health they do not agree on whether the impact is positive or negative. More so, there is no consensus in the available literature on the definition of fatalism and what it means to individuals. In this phenomenological study we attempt to define what religious fatalism means to people living with diabetes in Khartoum, and how it affects their health beliefs, and how those beliefs affect their sense of coherence and generalized resistance resources, since salutogenesis is the guiding theory in this study...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
Peter Fonagy, Patrick Luyten, Elizabeth Allison, Chloe Campbell
This paper sets out a recent transition in our thinking in relation to psychopathology associated with personality disorder, in an approach that integrates our thinking about attachment, mentalizing (understanding ourselves and others in terms of intentional mental states) and epistemic trust (openness to the reception of social communication that is personally relevant and of generalizable significance) with recent findings on the structure of both adult and child psychopathology and resilience. In this paper - the first of two parts - we review evidence suggesting that a general psychopathology or p factor underlies vulnerability for psychopathology...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
Claudia Meier Magistretti, Soo Downe, Bengt Lindstrøm, Marie Berg, Katharina Tritten Schwarz
There is a lack of systematic evidence concerning health orientation in maternity practice in the current climate of risk avoidance. The midwifery professional project is orientated toward the preservation of normal physiological processes during the maternity episode. This study investigates accounts of midwives who were working in health-orientated birth settings, to examine if and how they frame a health orientation in professional practice. Twenty-seven narrative interviews were conducted with midwives working in pre-, peri-, and postnatal care in different maternity care settings in Switzerland, Austria, and Germany...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Resilience in Palestinian Adolescents Living in Gaza" by Rozanna J. Aitcheson, Soleman H. Abu-Bader, Mary K. Howell, Deena Khalil and Salman Elbedour (Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, Advanced Online Publication, May 30, 2016, np). There were grammatical errors to the Method section of the abstract and the Method subsection Participants. Corrected versions are provided. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-26488-001.) Objective: The pathogenic impact of ongoing political conflict on children and adolescents has been well-documented in the literature...
January 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Ingvild Aune, Unn Dahlberg, Gørill Haugan
OBJECTIVE: Salutogenesis focuses on identifying the causes of health rather than the causes of illness, and in this way offers a health promotion framework for maternity services. The application of salutogenesis theory in empirical studies of healthy women in maternity care appears to be rare, and mostly incomplete. The objective of this study is to examine the psychometric properties of the Orientation to Life Questionnaire (OLQ) assessing sense of coherence (SOC) in a population of healthy Norwegian women during the postnatal period...
June 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Angelina Wilson, Nceba Z Somhlaba
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), mental health is a state of well-being and not just the absence of diseases. With this definition, there has been a surge of mental health research, albeit still predominantly in Western countries, which is reflected in contemporary theories on positive mental health that include 'flourishing mental health', 'salutogenesis', and 'fortigenesis'. However, in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), mental health research is slowly receiving scholarly attention...
May 2017: Global Public Health
Irene García-Moya, Antony Morgan
Twenty years have passed since the publication of the seminal paper 'The salutogenic model as a theory to guide health promotion' (Health Promot Int 1996;11:11-18.), in which Antonovsky proposed salutogenesis and its central construct sense of coherence as a way of boosting the theoretical basis for health promotion activities. Since then there has been a notable amount of conceptual and empirical work carried out to further explore its significance. The aim of this paper is to critically assess the current theoretical status of salutogenesis and its utility to advance effective health promotion practice for young people...
August 1, 2017: Health Promotion International
Sally Ferguson, Jenny Browne, Jan Taylor, Deborah Davis
BACKGROUND: in Western countries, caesarean section rates are increasing at an alarming rate. This trend has implications for women׳s health and calls into question the use of pathogenesis to frame maternity services. The theory of salutogenesis offers an alternative as it focuses on health rather than illness. Sense of coherence (SOC), the cornerstone of salutogenesis, is a predictive indicator of health. This study aimed to explore associations between pregnant women׳s SOC, their birthing outcomes and factors associated with SOC changes...
March 2016: Midwifery
Lene Povlsen, Ina Borup
In 1953 when the Nordic School of Public Health was founded, the aim of public health programmes was disease prevention more than health promotion. This was not unusual, since at this time health usually was seen as the opposite of disease and illness. However, with the Ottawa Charter of 1986, the World Health Organization made a crucial change to view health not as a goal in itself but as the means to a full life. In this way, health promotion became a first priority and fundamental action for the modern society...
August 2015: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Sally Ferguson, Deborah Davis, Jenny Browne, Jan Taylor
BACKGROUND: as concern for increasing rates of caesarean section and interventions in childbirth in Western countries mounts, the utility of the risk approach (inherent in the biomedical model of maternity care) is called into question. The theory of salutogenesis offers an alternative as it focuses on the causes of health rather than the causes of illness. Sense of coherence (SOC), the cornerstone of salutogenic theory, is a predictive indicator of health. We hypothesised that there is a relationship between a woman's SOC and the childbirth choices she makes in pregnancy...
November 2015: Midwifery
Mercedes Perez-Botella, Soo Downe, Claudia Meier Magistretti, Bengt Lindstrom, Marie Berg
BACKGROUND: Health care outcomes used in service evaluation and research tend to measure morbidity and mortality. This is the case even in maternity care, where most women and babies are healthy. Salutogenesis theory recognises that health is a continuum, with explicit inclusion of well-being as well as illness and pathology. This offers the potential to reframe the outcomes and therefore, the focus of, maternity care research and provision. AIM: The aim of this study was to identify how salutogenesis has been defined and used in maternity care research undertaken with healthy women...
March 2015: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Mark Dooris, Jane Wills, Joanne Newton
UNLABELLED: The settings approach appreciates that health determinants operate in settings of everyday life. Whilst subject to conceptual development, we argue that the approach lacks a clear and coherent theoretical framework to steer policy, practice and research. AIMS: To identify what theories and conceptual models have been used in relation to the implementation and evaluation of Healthy Universities. METHODS: A scoping literature review was undertaken between 2010 and 2013, identifying 26 papers that met inclusion criteria...
November 2014: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Patrizia Garista, Claudia Sardu, Alessandra Mereu, Marcello Campagna, Paolo Contu
Health promotion and salutogenesis are embodied in people's everyday lives and in their stories. The assumptions of these scientific theories are similar to Gramsci's theory for better wellbeing in a community, where praxis and capacity building for reflective practice is the way forward for an equal global change. By explaining the road for transformation through narratives, particularly fables, Gramsci manages to reach people from all walks of life, from academics to children. One of these fables, the mouse and the mountain, is here presented as a trigger to health promotion action and as a metaphor for salutogenic thinking...
September 2015: Health Promotion International
Maria Warne, Kristen Snyder, Katja Gillander Gådin
Education is an important factor in health equity, but many students still do not complete high school. A focus on the school context rather than on individual problems might help to create a supportive environment for health and learning. In this study we explored factors that promote health and learning from the perspective of vocational and low-achieving high school students in Sweden. We used grounded theory with a constructivist orientation, informed and sensitized by the concept of salutogenesis. Students from a school in a mid-sized municipality in Sweden participated, and we collected data using the photovoice method and interviews...
October 2013: Qualitative Health Research
Maxine M Hicks, Norma E Conner
AIM: This paper is a report of an analysis of the concept resilient ageing. Unique in comparison with other healthy ageing concepts, resilient ageing can be applied to all older people, regardless of age or affliction. BACKGROUND: The state of global population expansion in older people over the next 50 years calls for increased health promotion research efforts to ensure the maintenance of health and optimal quality of life for all older people. DATA SOURCES: Literature for this concept analysis was retrieved from several databases, CINAHL, PubMed PsycINFO, for the years 1990-2012...
April 2014: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Sirkka Jaakkola, Päivi Rautava, Maiju Saarinen, Satu Lahti, Marja-Leena Mattila, Sakari Suominen, Hannele Räihä, Minna Aromaa, Päivi-Leena Honkinen, Matti Sillanpää
The aim was to investigate whether dental fear was associated with the sense of coherence (SOC) among 18-yr-old adolescents (n = 777). Cross-sectional data from a prospective cohort of a random sample of families from Finland and their first-born children were used. Dental fear was measured using the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale and categorized as high dental fear for scores of 19-25 and as no to moderate dental fear for scores of 5-18. Sense of coherence was measured using a 13-item version of Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence Questionnaire, dichotomized as scores 13-63 for weak SOC and as scores of 64-91 for strong SOC...
June 2013: European Journal of Oral Sciences
Heather Henry
This is the second of two articles introducing ideas associated with asset-based thinking. The first article focused on what nursing itself might learn from asset-based community development (ABCD) approaches. This article focuses on patients and explains theories of how health can be created, which is called "salutogenesis". Having a feeling of control of one's life is crucial to wellbeing. Not being in control can lead to long-term stress, which can directly contribute to cardiovascular illness. Nurses need to develop these ideas by supporting the development of protective factors, including the New Economic Foundation's Five Ways to Wellbeing and Young Foundation's Control, Contact and Confidence...
January 29, 2013: Nursing Times
Paolo Roberti di Sarsina, Mauro Alivia, Paola Guadagni
Traditional, complementary and alternative medical (TCAM) systems contribute to the foundation of person-centred medicine (PCM), an epistemological orientation for medical science which places the person as a physical, psychological and spiritual entity at the centre of health care and of the therapeutic process. PCM wishes to broaden the bio-molecular reductionistic approach of medical science towards an integration that allows people, doctors, nurses, health-care professionals and patients to become the real protagonists of the health-care scene...
November 6, 2012: EPMA Journal
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