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Global burden of disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919445/cognitive-effects-of-labeled-addictolytic-medications
#1
REVIEW
Camille Noélie Pujol, Cecilia Paasche, Vincent Laprevote, Benoit Trojak, Pierre Vidailhet, Elisabeth Bacon, Laurence Lalanne
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drug usage is pervasive throughout the world, and abuse of these substances is a major contributor to the global disease burden. Many pharmacotherapies have been developed over the last 50years to target addictive disorders. While the efficacy of these pharmacotherapies is largely recognized, their cognitive impact is less known. However, all substance abuse disorders are known to promote cognitive disorders like executive dysfunction and memory impairment...
September 14, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919120/measuring-global-health-motivation-and-evolution-of-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#2
Christopher J L Murray, Alan D Lopez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919119/global-regional-and-national-comparative-risk-assessment-of-84-behavioural-environmental-and-occupational-and-metabolic-risks-or-clusters-of-risks-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#3
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of risk factor exposure and attributable burden of disease. By providing estimates over a long time series, this study can monitor risk exposure trends critical to health surveillance and inform policy debates on the importance of addressing risks in context. METHODS: We used the comparative risk assessment framework developed for previous iterations of GBD to estimate levels and trends in exposure, attributable deaths, and attributable disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), by age group, sex, year, and location for 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks from 1990 to 2016...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919118/global-regional-and-national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-333-diseases-and-injuries-and-healthy-life-expectancy-hale-for-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#4
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Measurement of changes in health across locations is useful to compare and contrast changing epidemiological patterns against health system performance and identify specific needs for resource allocation in research, policy development, and programme decision making. Using the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016, we drew from two widely used summary measures to monitor such changes in population health: disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE)...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919117/global-regional-and-national-incidence-prevalence-and-years-lived-with-disability-for-328-diseases-and-injuries-for-195-countries-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#5
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: As mortality rates decline, life expectancy increases, and populations age, non-fatal outcomes of diseases and injuries are becoming a larger component of the global burden of disease. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of prevalence, incidence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) for 328 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2016. METHODS: We estimated prevalence and incidence for 328 diseases and injuries and 2982 sequelae, their non-fatal consequences...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919116/global-regional-and-national-age-sex-specific-mortality-for-264-causes-of-death-1980-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#6
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Monitoring levels and trends in premature mortality is crucial to understanding how societies can address prominent sources of early death. The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of cause-specific mortality for 264 causes in 195 locations from 1980 to 2016. This assessment includes evaluation of the expected epidemiological transition with changes in development and where local patterns deviate from these trends. METHODS: We estimated cause-specific deaths and years of life lost (YLLs) by age, sex, geography, and year...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919115/global-regional-and-national-under-5-mortality-adult-mortality-age-specific-mortality-and-life-expectancy-1970-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#7
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Detailed assessments of mortality patterns, particularly age-specific mortality, represent a crucial input that enables health systems to target interventions to specific populations. Understanding how all-cause mortality has changed with respect to development status can identify exemplars for best practice. To accomplish this, the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) estimated age-specific and sex-specific all-cause mortality between 1970 and 2016 for 195 countries and territories and at the subnational level for the five countries with a population greater than 200 million in 2016...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918667/poor-outcomes-among-elderly-patients-hospitalized-for-influenza-like-illness
#8
Mine Durusa Tanriover, Tülay Bagci Bosi, Lale Ozisik, Emre Bilgin, Özlem Güzel Tunçcan, Özge Özgen, Necla Tülek, Metin Özsoy, Hasan Tezer, Tugba Bedir Demirdağ, Ates Kara, Sevgen Tanir Basaranoglu, Kubra Aykac, Aslinur Ozkaya-Parlakay, Belgin Gulhan, Serhat Unal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Global Influenza Hospital Surveillance Network is a worldwide initiative that aims to document the burden of influenza infections among acute admissions and the vaccine effectiveness in particular countries. As a partner of this platform, we aimed to determine the frequency of influenza infections among acute admissions with influenza like illness and the outcomes of the enrolled patients during the 2015-2016 influenza season in selected hospitals in Turkey. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The investigators screened the hospital admission registries, chart review or available records, and screened all patients hospitalized in the previous 24-48 hours or overnight in the predefined wards or emergency room...
September 18, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916366/measuring-progress-and-projecting-attainment-on-the-basis-of-past-trends-of-the-health-related-sustainable-development-goals-in-188-countries-an-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#9
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are grounded in the global ambition of "leaving no one behind". Understanding today's gains and gaps for the health-related SDGs is essential for decision makers as they aim to improve the health of populations. As part of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016), we measured 37 of the 50 health-related SDG indicators over the period 1990-2016 for 188 countries, and then on the basis of these past trends, we projected indicators to 2030...
September 8, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915795/future-complications-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-in-a-low-risk-area-projections-from-the-hepatitis-c-study-in-northern-norway
#10
H Kileng, L Bernfort, T Gutteberg, O S Moen, M G Kristiansen, E J Paulssen, L K Berg, J Florholmen, R Goll
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C (HCV) infection causes an asymptomatic chronic hepatitis in most affected individuals, which often remains undetected until cirrhosis and cirrhosis-related complications occur. Screening of high-risk subjects in Northern Norway has revealed a relatively low prevalence in the general population (0.24%). Despite this, late complications of HCV infection are increasing. Our object was to estimate the future prevalence and complications of chronic HCV infection in the period 2013-2050 in a low-risk area...
September 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914061/mobile-applications-as-good-intervention-tools-for-individuals-with-depression
#11
Petra Marešová, Blanka Klímová, Kamil Kuča
At present mental disorders affect approximately 450 million people around the world. Depressive disorder is probably one of the most serious disorders and as a type of chronic disease, it represents a global threat and burdens economic and social systems of both individuals and governments worldwide. One of these most recent non-pharmacological approaches is also the so-called mHealth (mobile health), the use of mobile devices for the practice of medicine and public health, which proves to be effective particularly in the early stages of depression...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912754/the-gambian-bone-and-muscle-ageing-study-baseline-data-from-a-prospective-observational-african-sub-saharan-study
#12
Ayse Zengin, Anthony J Fulford, Yankuba Sawo, Landing M Jarjou, Inez Schoenmakers, Gail Goldberg, Ann Prentice, Kate A Ward
The Gambian Bone and Muscle Ageing Study is a prospective observational study investigating bone and muscle ageing in men and women from a poor, subsistence farming community of The Gambia, West Africa. Musculoskeletal diseases, including osteoporosis and sarcopenia, form a major part of the current global non-communicable disease burden. By 2050, the vast majority of the world's ageing population will live in low- and middle-income countries with an estimated two-fold rise in osteoporotic fracture. The study design was to characterise change in bone and muscle outcomes and to identify possible preventative strategies for fracture and sarcopenia in the increasing ageing population...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912179/classification-epidemiology-and-global-burden-of-cardiomyopathies
#13
REVIEW
William J McKenna, Barry J Maron, Gaetano Thiene
In the past 25 years, major advances were achieved in the nosography of cardiomyopathies, influencing the definition and taxonomy of this important chapter of cardiovascular disease. Nearly, 50% of patients dying suddenly in childhood or adolescence or undergoing cardiac transplantation are affected by cardiomyopathies. Novel cardiomyopathies have been discovered (arrhythmogenic, restrictive, and noncompacted) and added to update the World Health Organization classification. Myocarditis has also been named inflammatory cardiomyopathy...
September 15, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910293/attribution-of-global-foodborne-disease-to-specific-foods-findings-from-a-world-health-organization-structured-expert-elicitation
#14
Sandra Hoffmann, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Willy Aspinall, Roger Cooke, Tim Corrigan, Arie Havelaar, Frederick Angulo, Herman Gibb, Martyn Kirk, Robin Lake, Niko Speybroeck, Paul Torgerson, Tine Hald
BACKGROUND: Recently the World Health Organization, Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group (FERG) estimated that 31 foodborne diseases (FBDs) resulted in over 600 million illnesses and 420,000 deaths worldwide in 2010. Knowing the relative role importance of different foods as exposure routes for key hazards is critical to preventing illness. This study reports the findings of a structured expert elicitation providing globally comparable food source attribution estimates for 11 major FBDs in each of 14 world subregions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905441/the-vasopressin-system-new-insights-for-patients-with-kidney-diseases-epidemiological-evidence-and-therapeutic-perspectives
#15
W F Clark, O Devuyst, R Roussel
People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at risk of severe outcomes, such as end-stage renal disease or cardiovascular disease, and CKD is a globally increasing health burden with a high personal and economic cost. Despite major progresses in prevention and therapeutics in last decades, research is still needed to reverse this epidemic trend. The regulation of water balance and the state of activation of the vasopressin system have emerged as factors tightly associated with kidney health, in the general population but also in specific conditions; among them, various stages of CKD, diabetes and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905362/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-for-neuropathic-pain-in-adults
#16
REVIEW
William Gibson, Benedict M Wand, Neil E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain, which is due to nerve disease or damage, represents a significant burden on people and society. It can be particularly unpleasant and achieving adequate symptom control can be difficult. Non-pharmacological methods of treatment are often employed by people with neuropathic pain and may include transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS). This review supersedes one Cochrane Review 'Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for chronic pain' (Nnoaham 2014) and one withdrawn protocol 'Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for neuropathic pain in adults' (Claydon 2014)...
September 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905325/managing-alcohol-use-disorder-in-primary-health-care
#17
REVIEW
Peter Anderson, Amy O'Donnell, Eileen Kaner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study is to summarise the current literature on both the impact and the implementation of primary health care-based screening and advice programmes to reduce heavy drinking, as an evidence-based component of managing alcohol use disorder in primary health care. RECENT FINDINGS: Systematic reviews of reviews find conclusive evidence for the impact of primary health care delivered screening and brief advice programmes in reducing heavy drinking...
September 14, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904822/a-parental-perspective-concerning-barriers-to-care-for-neural-tube-defects-in-china
#18
Andrew Campion, Clement Lee, Nan Bao, Jorge Lazareff
BACKGROUND: The People's Republic of China (PRC) has the highest incidence of neural tube defects (NTDs) in the world. NTDs remain a significant contributor to the global burden of disease amendable to surgical care; however, no studies to date have evaluated the patients' perspective regarding perceived barriers to care. METHODS: The study was conducted at the Shanghai Children's Medical Center (SCMC) between 6/11/2014 and 7/17/2014. Surveys were administered to families presenting to the clinic of the SCMC director for Pediatric Neurosurgery...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901247/effect-on-morphology-osmotic-fragility-and-electro-kinetic-potential-of-erythrocytes-in-hypertension
#19
Swati Sanjay Gaikwad, J G Avari
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a common health problem concerning a large proportion of population and a leading global risk factor for the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of the erythrocyte zeta potential as a potential additional indicator for cardiovascular disorder risk so that patients with this can be more rapidly identified and treated. METHODS: In the present study, blood samples were collected in 5% dextrose solution from patients suffering from hypertension and healthy volunteers (Not taken any medication)...
September 11, 2017: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900347/campylobacter-from-microbiology-to-prevention
#20
REVIEW
A Facciolà, R Riso, E Avventuroso, G Visalli, S A Delia, P Laganà
In last years, Campylobacter spp has become one of the most important foodborne pathogens even in high-income countries. Particularly, in Europe, Campylobacteriosis is, since 2005, the foodborne disease most frequently notified and the second in USA, preceded by the infection due to Salmonella spp. Campylobacter spp is a commensal microorganism of the gastrointestinal tract of many wild animals (birds such as ducks and gulls), farm animals (cattle and pigs) and companion animals (such as dogs and cats) and it is responsible for zoonoses...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
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