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Sense of coherence theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692483/sense-of-coherence-and-self-reported-health-amongst-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Ankit Rai, Apoorva Sindhu, Puja Dudeja, Y S Sirohi, Sandip Mukherji
Background: In late 70s, Antonovsky proposed a salutogenic theory. This theory was based on the assumption that the human environment causes stress, and sense of coherence could serve as a stress-resisting resource. This study examined association between sense of coherence and self rated health of medical students. The aim of this study was to determine the association between sense of coherence and self reported health among medical students. Methods: This was a cross-sectional analytical study conducted among medical students...
April 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682342/a-proposed-middle-range-theory-of-nursing-in-hypertension-care
#2
REVIEW
Eva Drevenhorn
Nursing in hypertension care comprises counselling about lifestyle changes, blood pressure measurement, and being a translator for the physician. For the patient, changing lifestyle means performing self-care. As not much in the form of research and guidelines for nurses is available, a middle-range theory of nursing in hypertension care was developed to guide nurses in their practice, in order to improve the nursing of patients and design studies for investigating nursing in hypertension care. Concepts are presented related to the patient (attitude and beliefs regarding health and sickness, autonomy, personality and traits, level of perceived vulnerability, hardiness, sense of coherence, locus of control, self-efficacy, and access to social support and network) and the nursing (applying theories and models for behavioural change in the consultation and using counselling skills, patient advocacy, empowerment, professional knowledge and health education, and supporting the patient)...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668717/using-the-normalization-process-theory-to-qualitatively-explore-sense-making-in-implementation-of-the-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-programme-it-s-not-rocket-science
#3
Eileen Sutton, Georgia Herbert, Sorrel Burden, Stephen Lewis, Steve Thomas, Andy Ness, Charlotte Atkinson
INTRODUCTION: The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery programme (ERAS) is an approach to the perioperative care of patients encompassing multiple interventions and involving a wide range of different actors. It can thus be defined as a complex intervention. Despite the strength of the evidence-base in its support, the implementation of ERAS has been slow. This paper specifically explores the utility of Normalization Process Theory (NPT) as a methodological framework to aid exploration of ERAS implementation, with a focus on the core NPT construct coherence...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623597/coping-mediates-the-relationship-between-sense-of-coherence-and-mental-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-illness-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Marja-Leena Kristofferzon, Maria Engström, Annika Nilsson
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate relationships between sense of coherence, emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping, coping efficiency, and mental quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic illness. A model based on Lazarus' and Folkman's stress and coping theory tested the specific hypothesis: Sense of coherence has a direct and indirect effect on mental QoL mediated by emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping, and coping efficiency in serial adjusted for age, gender, educational level, comorbidity, and economic status...
April 5, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562642/doa-estimation-for-underwater-wideband-weak-targets-based-on-coherent-signal-subspace-and-compressed-sensing
#5
Jun Li, Qiu-Hua Lin, Chun-Yu Kang, Kai Wang, Xiu-Ting Yang
Direction of arrival (DOA) estimation is the basis for underwater target localization and tracking using towed line array sonar devices. A method of DOA estimation for underwater wideband weak targets based on coherent signal subspace (CSS) processing and compressed sensing (CS) theory is proposed. Under the CSS processing framework, wideband frequency focusing is accompanied by a two-sided correlation transformation, allowing the DOA of underwater wideband targets to be estimated based on the spatial sparsity of the targets and the compressed sensing reconstruction algorithm...
March 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557192/sense-of-coherence-hope-and-home-demolition-are-differentially-associated-with-anger-and-anxiety-among-bedouin-arab-adolescents-in-recognized-and-unrecognized-villages
#6
Haled Al-Said, Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Shifra Sagy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This research investigated how coping resources explain emotional reactions of anger and anxiety, in the context of threat of house demolition, among adolescents in three groups: Adolescents living in a recognized village with no demolition, adolescents living in an unrecognized village (by the Israeli government as legal) with no demolition, and adolescents living in an unrecognized village with demolition. The framework of this research is based on Antonovsky's salutogenic theory, which suggests examining ability to cope with stressful situations...
March 20, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526268/analysing-and-exemplifying-forensic-conclusion-criteria-in-terms-of-bayesian-decision-theory
#7
A Biedermann, S Bozza, F Taroni
There is ongoing discussion in forensic science and the law about the nature of the conclusions reached based on scientific evidence, and on how such conclusions - and conclusion criteria - may be justified by rational argument. Examples, among others, are encountered in fields such as fingermarks (e.g., 'this fingermark comes from Mr. A's left thumb'), handwriting examinations (e.g., 'the questioned signature is that of Mr. A'), kinship analyses (e.g., 'Mr. A is the father of child C') or anthropology (e.g...
March 2018: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495710/acoustic-noise-interferometry-in-a-time-dependent-coastal-ocean
#8
Oleg A Godin
Interferometry of underwater noise provides a way to estimate physical parameters of the water column and the seafloor without employing any controlled sound sources. In applications of acoustic noise interferometry to coastal oceans, the propagation environment changes appreciably during the averaging times that are necessary for the Green's functions to emerge from noise cross-correlations. Here, a theory is developed to quantify the effects of nonstationarity of the propagation environment on two-point correlation functions of diffuse noise...
February 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402185/the-common-sense-model-of-self-regulation-and-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-integrating-strategies-to-guide-interventions-for-chronic-illness
#9
Maria Karekla, Evangelos C Karademas, Andrew T Gloster
Most health behaviour intervention efforts are adapted from the typical psychological treatment experience and may not take into serious consideration theories specifically developed to describe the process of adaptation to illness. This paper presents a proposal for the combination of a theory about the experience of and adaptation to illness, that is, the Common Sense Model of Self-Regulation (CSM), and an efficient psychological theory and therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). Past combinations of CSM with cognitive or cognitive-behavioural interventions have focussed almost only on specific aspects of this model (mostly, illness representations and action plans) and left out other, equally important for a fruitful adaptation to illness, recommendations of the model (e...
February 15, 2018: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375754/effect-of-grouping-segmentation-and-vestibular-stimulation-on-the-autokinetic-effect
#10
Vilayanur S Ramachandran, Chaipat Chunharas, Rachel Croft, Nader Batal
We report some new observations on what could be regarded as the world's simplest visual illusion-the autokinetic effect. When a single dim spot of light is viewed in a completely dark room, it moves vividly in random directions. During steady fixation, perhaps subtle eye movements cause the image to move and a failure to correct for this using eye movement command signals leads to motion perception. This is especially true because eye muscle fatigue can lead to miscalibration. However, if two dots are shown, they often move independently in different directions, which negate the eye movement theory...
January 2018: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361935/exploring-drivers-and-challenges-in-implementation-of-health-promotion-in-community-mental-health-services-a-qualitative-multi-site-case-study-using-normalization-process-theory
#11
Viola Burau, Kathrine Carstensen, Mia Fredens, Marius Brostrøm Kousgaard
BACKGROUND: There is an increased interest in improving the physical health of people with mental illness. Little is known about implementing health promotion interventions in adult mental health organisations where many users also have physical health problems. The literature suggests that contextual factors are important for implementation in community settings. This study focused on the change process and analysed the implementation of a structural health promotion intervention in community mental health organisations in different contexts in Denmark...
January 24, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317073/micro-calibration-of-space-and-motion-by-photoreceptors-synchronized-in-parallel-with-cortical-oscillations-a-unified-theory-of-visual-perception
#12
Ravinder Jerath, Shannon M Cearley, Vernon A Barnes, Mike Jensen
A fundamental function of the visual system is detecting motion, yet visual perception is poorly understood. Current research has determined that the retina and ganglion cells elicit responses for motion detection; however, the underlying mechanism for this is incompletely understood. Previously we proposed that retinogeniculo-cortical oscillations and photoreceptors work in parallel to process vision. Here we propose that motion could also be processed within the retina, and not in the brain as current theory suggests...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124777/coherence-in-the-visual-imagination
#13
Michael O Vertolli, Matthew A Kelly, Jim Davies
An incoherent visualization is when aspects of different senses of a word (e.g., the biological "mouse" vs. the computer "mouse") are present in the same visualization (e.g., a visualization of a biological mouse in the same image with a computer tower). We describe and implement a new model of creating contextual coherence in the visual imagination called Coherencer, based on the SOILIE model of imagination. We show that Coherencer is able to generate scene descriptions that are more coherent than SOILIE's original approach as well as a parallel connectionist algorithm that is considered competitive in the literature on general coherence...
November 10, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105122/the-mechanisms-behind-the-formation-of-a-strong-sense-of-coherence-soc-the-role-of-migration-and-integration
#14
Jasmijn Slootjes, Saskia Keuzenkamp, Sawitri Saharso
Considering how much we know about the impact of the Sense of Coherence (SOC) on different health-related outcomes, we know surprisingly little about how a strong SOC actually develops. In this study we examine the mechanisms behind the formation of a strong SOC and study the role of migration, integration and general resistance resources (GRRs) in this process. We held 46 life-story interviews with women of Turkish, Moroccan and Surinamese descent. We divided the respondents in a relatively strong and weak SOC group in order to discern patterns of life experiences associated with SOC development...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098562/towards-living-within-my-body-and-accepting-the-past-a-case-study-of-embodied-narrative-identity
#15
Randi Sviland, Kari Martinsen, Målfrid Råheim
This narrative case study, created from several qualitative sources, portrays a young woman's life experiences and an eight yearlong therapy process with Norwegian Psychomotor Physiotherapy (NPMP). It is analyzed retrospectively from an analytical angle, where NPMP theory is expanded with Løgstrup's phenomenology of sensation and Ricoeur's narrative philosophy. Understanding Rita's narrative through this window displayed some foundational phenomena in a singular way, illuminating embodied experiences in inter-subjective relationships in movement, sensation and time entwined...
November 2, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044627/managing-making-sense-of-and-finding-meaning-in-advanced-illness-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-coping-and-wellbeing-experiences-of-patients-with-lung-cancer
#16
Emily Harrop, Simon Noble, Michelle Edwards, Stephanie Sivell, Barbara Moore, Annmarie Nelson
Coping plays an essential role in maintaining the wellbeing of patients with cancer. A number of different coping responses and strategies have been identified in the literature. The value and relevance of meaning based coping theory has also been emphasised, including Antonovosky's Sense of Coherence (SoC) theory. Ten patients with advanced lung cancer were interviewed up to three times. A total of twenty in depth interviews were carried out, fully transcribed and data were analysed following a methodology of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis...
November 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933908/attention-to-change-a-multilevel-theory-on-the-process-of-emergent-continuous-organizational-change
#17
Elijah X M Wee, M Susan Taylor
Increasingly, continuous organizational change is viewed as the new reality for organizations and their members. However, this model of organizational change, which is usually characterized by ongoing, cumulative, and substantive change from the bottom up, remains underexplored in the literature. Taking a multilevel approach, the authors develop a theoretical model to explain the mechanisms behind the amplification and accumulation of valuable, ongoing work-unit level changes over time, which then become substantial changes at the organizational level...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899368/neighborhood-resources-for-the-development-of-a-strong-soc-and-the-importance-of-understanding-why-and-how-resources-work-a-grounded-theory-approach
#18
Ruca Maass, Bengt Lindström, Monica Lillefjell
BACKGROUND: Providing individuals with psychosocial resources such as sense of coherence (SOC) seems a beneficial strategy for health promotion in the neighborhood. In order to become a supporting theory for health promotion, Salutogenesis should renew its focus on resources for health, and explore how the development of a strong SOC can be facilitated. METHODS: Relevant issues were explored using a Grounded Theory- approach. Three focus-group-sessions and three in-depth interviews were conducted with strategically sampled participants...
September 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809052/validation-of-the-resilience-scale-for-adolescents-in-norwegian-adolescents-13-18-years
#19
Unni K Moksnes, Gørill Haugan
AIM: Resilience is seen as a vital resource for coping and mental health in adolescents. However, there is no universally accepted theory or definition of resilience, leading to considerable challenges regarding how to operationalise and measure this construct. The study aimed at providing further knowledge of the psychometric properties (dimensionality, construct validity and internal consistency) of the 28-item version of the Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ) in N = 1183 Norwegian adolescents, 13-18 years old...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749995/direction-of-arrival-estimation-of-multipath-signals-using-independent-component-analysis-and-compressive-sensing
#20
Lin Zhao, Jian Xu, Jicheng Ding, Aimeng Liu, Liang Li
Multipath signal is often considered an interference that must be removed. The coherence between multipath and direct component makes it difficult to use conventional direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation methods in a smart antenna system. This study demonstrates a new multipath signal DOA estimation technique. Unlike the common methods, without decoherence preprocessing, the proposed algorithm first apply a complex fast independent component analysis (cFastICA) algorithm to obtain the steering vectors with multipath information that corresponds to each source signal...
2017: PloS One
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