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Infectious Diseases Society of America

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097100/hepatitis-c-virus-a-review-of-treatment-guidelines-cost-effectiveness-and-access-to-therapy
#1
REVIEW
Shaina M Lynch, George Y Wu
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remains a significant medical concern in the United States and around the world. It is still one of the leading causes of chronic liver disease, and, for more than 20 years, there has been little progress in the treatment of HCV infection. The advent of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) initiated the era of high efficacy and well-tolerated medications with high cure rates. The efficacy of these medications has prompted many professional societies around the world to update their treatment guidelines to include DAAs as first-line treatment...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096274/infectious-diseases-society-of-america-position-statement-on-telehealth-and-telemedicine-as-applied-to-the-practice-of-infectious-diseases
#2
Javeed Siddiqui, Thomas Herchline, Summerpal Kahlon, Kay J Moyer, John D Scott, Brian R Wood, Jeremy Young
The use of telehealth and telemedicine offers powerful tools for delivering clinical care, conducting medical research, and enhancing access to infectious diseases physicians. The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has prepared a position statement to educate members on the use of telehealth and telemedicine technologies. The development of telehealth and telemedicine programs requires the consideration of several issues such as HIPAA, state and local licensure requirements, credentialing and privileging, scope of care, quality, and responsibility and liability...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070174/the-hcv-treatment-revolution-continues-resistance-considerations-pangenotypic-efficacy-and-advances-in-challenging-populations
#3
Ira M Jacobson
The US Food and Drug Administration has now approved 10 direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) for the management of hepatitis C virus (HCV). These therapies are combined into 6 regimens that are given for varying durations, with or without ribavirin, depending on the viral genotype, the presence or absence of baseline resistance-associated variants (RAVs), and the patient type. RAVs may be present before exposure to a drug or may become detectable de novo during exposure to a drug. Emerging resistant strains are the most common cause of failure of HCV DAA regimens...
October 2016: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052967/official-american-thoracic-society-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-clinical-practice-guidelines-diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-in-adults-and-children
#4
David M Lewinsohn, Michael K Leonard, Philip A LoBue, David L Cohn, Charles L Daley, Ed Desmond, Joseph Keane, Deborah A Lewinsohn, Ann M Loeffler, Gerald H Mazurek, Richard J O'Brien, Madhukar Pai, Luca Richeldi, Max Salfinger, Thomas M Shinnick, Timothy R Sterling, David M Warshauer, Gail L Woods
BACKGROUND: Individuals infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) may develop symptoms and signs of disease (tuberculosis disease) or may have no clinical evidence of disease (latent tuberculosis infection [LTBI]). Tuberculosis disease is a leading cause of infectious disease morbidity and mortality worldwide, yet many questions related to its diagnosis remain. METHODS: A task force supported by the American Thoracic Society, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Infectious Diseases Society of America searched, selected, and synthesized relevant evidence...
January 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029573/mechanical-circulatory-support-and-heart-transplantation-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#5
EDITORIAL
Cumaraswamy Sivathasan, Choon Pin Lim, Ka Lee Kerk, David K L Sim, Mandeep R Mehra
Globalization has resulted in epidemiologic transition in developing countries from infectious disease and nutritional deficiencies to non-communicable diseases. Epidemiologic data on heart failure (HF), particularly advanced HF therapy, in Asia are increasingly becoming available, although they remain sparse. Heart transplantation for advanced stage HF remains very low in Asia-approximately 0.075 heart transplants per 1 million population. North America, which comprises 7.5% of the world population, accounted for 55...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974335/advances-in-the-medical-management-of-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections
#6
REVIEW
Sarah L McClain, Jefferson G Bohan, Dennis L Stevens
Skin and soft tissue infections are some of the most common infectious disease diagnoses in both inpatient and outpatient settings. With bacterial resistance to antimicrobials growing, decision making on empiric antibiotics is becoming increasingly difficult. Additionally, the most recent guidance from a professional society on the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections was published in 2014 by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and is now two years old. New antimicrobial agents have been developed and approved for the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections since then, and more are in the pipeline...
December 14, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960212/severity-assessment-and-the-immediate-and-long-term-prognosis-in-community-acquired-pneumonia
#7
Martin Kolditz, Dionne Braeken, Santiago Ewig, Gernot Rohde
Severity assessment is a crucial step in the initial management of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). While approximately half of patients are at low risk of death and can be safely treated as outpatients, around 20% are at increased risk. While CURB-65 (confusion, respiratory rate, blood pressure, urea) and pneumonia severity index (PSI) scores are equally useful as an adjunct to clinical judgment to identify patients at low risk, the so-called minor American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America criteria are predictive of patients in need of intensified treatment (i...
December 2016: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960206/role-of-atypical-pathogens-in-the-etiology-of-community-acquired-pneumonia
#8
Forest W Arnold, James T Summersgill, Julio A Ramirez
Atypical pneumonia has been described for over 100 years, but some of the pathogens attributed to it have been identified only in the past decades. The most common pathogens are Chlamydia pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and Legionella pneumophila. The epidemiology and pathophysiology of these three pathogens have been studied since their discovery, and are reviewed herein to provide better insight when evaluating these patients, which hopefully translates into improved care. The incidence of atypical pathogens has been shown to be approximately 22% worldwide, but this probably varies with location...
December 2016: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959960/nontuberculous-mycobacterial-infections-in-a-french-hospital-a-12-year-retrospective-study
#9
Peggy Blanc, Hervé Dutronc, Olivia Peuchant, Frédéric-Antoine Dauchy, Charles Cazanave, Didier Neau, Gaëtane Wirth, Jean-Luc Pellegrin, Philippe Morlat, Patrick Mercié, José-Manuel Tunon-de-Lara, Marie-Sylvie Doutre, Philippe Pélissier, Michel Dupon
BACKGROUND: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are environmental organisms associated with a range of infections. Reports of NTM epidemiology are mainly focused on pulmonary infections and isolations, and extrapulmonary infections are less frequently described. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of NTM infections at the Bordeaux University Hospital, France, between January 2002 and December 2013. We used the microbiologic component of the American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America's pulmonary NTM disease criteria to define cases of pulmonary NTM, and patients with isolates from a normally sterile site were classified as having extrapulmonary disease...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941151/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-leishmaniasis-clinical-practice-guidelines-by-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-idsa-and-the-american-society-of-tropical-medicine-and-hygiene-astmh
#10
Naomi Aronson, Barbara L Herwaldt, Michael Libman, Richard Pearson, Rogelio Lopez-Velez, Peter Weina, Edgar M Carvalho, Moshe Ephros, Selma Jeronimo, Alan Magill
It is important to realize that leishmaniasis guidelines cannot always account for individual variation among patients. They are not intended to supplant physician judgment with respect to particular patients or special clinical situations. The IDSA and ASTMH consider adherence to these guidelines to be voluntary, with the ultimate determinations regarding their application to be made by the physician in the light of each patient's individual circumstances.
December 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941143/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-leishmaniasis-clinical-practice-guidelines-by-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-idsa-and-the-american-society-of-tropical-medicine-and-hygiene-astmh
#11
Naomi Aronson, Barbara L Herwaldt, Michael Libman, Richard Pearson, Rogelio Lopez-Velez, Peter Weina, Edgar M Carvalho, Moshe Ephros, Selma Jeronimo, Alan Magill
It is important to realize that leishmaniasis guidelines cannot always account for individual variation among patients. They are not intended to supplant physician judgment with respect to particular patients or special clinical situations. The IDSA and ASTMH consider adherence to these guidelines to be voluntary, with the ultimate determinations regarding their application to be made by the physician in the light of each patient's individual circumstances.
December 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932390/official-american-thoracic-society-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-clinical-practice-guidelines-diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-in-adults-and-children
#12
David M Lewinsohn, Michael K Leonard, Philip A LoBue, David L Cohn, Charles L Daley, Ed Desmond, Joseph Keane, Deborah A Lewinsohn, Ann M Loeffler, Gerald H Mazurek, Richard J O'Brien, Madhukar Pai, Luca Richeldi, Max Salfinger, Thomas M Shinnick, Timothy R Sterling, David M Warshauer, Gail L Woods
BACKGROUND: Individuals infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) may develop symptoms and signs of disease (tuberculosis disease) or may have no clinical evidence of disease (latent tuberculosis infection [LTBI]). Tuberculosis disease is a leading cause of infectious disease morbidity and mortality worldwide, yet many questions related to its diagnosis remain. METHODS: A task force supported by the American Thoracic Society, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Infectious Diseases Society of America searched, selected, and synthesized relevant evidence...
December 8, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927991/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-leishmaniasis-clinical-practice-guidelines-by-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-idsa-and-the-american-society-of-tropical-medicine-and-hygiene-astmh
#13
Naomi Aronson, Barbara L Herwaldt, Michael Libman, Richard Pearson, Rogelio Lopez-Velez, Peter Weina, Edgar Carvalho, Moshe Ephros, Selma Jeronimo, Alan Magill
Diagnosis and treatment of Leishmaniasis: Clinical practice guidelines.
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921036/acute-kidney-injury-in-asia
#14
REVIEW
Li Yang
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common disorder and is associated with a high morbidity and mortality worldwide. The diversity of the climate and of the socioeconomic and developmental status in Asia has a great influence on the etiology and presentation of AKI in different regions. In view of the International Society of Nephrology's 0by25 initiative, more and more attention has been paid to AKI in Asian countries. SUMMARY: In this review, we summarize the recent achievements with regard to the prevalence and clinical patterns of AKI in Asian countries...
October 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910139/characterization-of-patients-with-chronic-pulmonary-aspergillosis-according-to-the-new-escmid-ers-ecmm-and-idsa-guidelines
#15
Helmut J F Salzer, Jan Heyckendorf, Barbara Kalsdorf, Thierry Rolling, Christoph Lange
Recently, the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the European Society for Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) in cooperation with the European Respiratory Society (ERS) and the European Confederation of Medical Mycology (ECMM) published guidelines for the diagnosis of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). Both guidelines, however, carry significant differences. We retrospectively applied the diagnostic recommendations on a patient cohort of 71 previously diagnosed CPA patients in order to compare both guidelines...
December 1, 2016: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876477/current-prescribing-practices-for-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-in-nursing-homes
#16
Diana Feldstein, Philip D Sloane, David Weber, Kimberly Ward, David Reed, Sheryl Zimmerman
OBJECTIVES: Antibiotic stewardship has been called for across all sites of health care, including nursing homes (NHs). Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are the third most common indication for antibiotics in the NH, and so should be a focus of stewardship. This study audited medical records to identify signs and symptoms of SSTIs treated with antibiotics in relation to the McGeer criteria for surveillance, the Loeb minimum criteria for antibiotic initiation, and prescribing recommendations of the Infectious Disease Society of America...
November 18, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852357/a-multifaceted-approach-to-reduction-of-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-in-the-intensive-care-unit-with-an-emphasis-on-stewardship-of-culturing
#17
Katherine M Mullin, Christopher S Kovacs, Cynthia Fatica, Colette Einloth, Elizabeth A Neuner, Jorge A Guzman, Eric Kaiser, Venu Menon, Leticia Castillo, Marc J Popovich, Edward M Manno, Steven M Gordon, Thomas G Fraser
BACKGROUND Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are among the most common hospital-acquired infections (HAIs). Reducing CAUTI rates has become a major focus of attention due to increasing public health concerns and reimbursement implications. OBJECTIVE To implement and describe a multifaceted intervention to decrease CAUTIs in our ICUs with an emphasis on indications for obtaining a urine culture. METHODS A project team composed of all critical care disciplines was assembled to address an institutional goal of decreasing CAUTIs...
February 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836315/elderly-patients-are-at-increased-risk-for-treatment-failure-in-outpatient-management-of-purulent-skin-infections
#18
John P Haran, Eric Wilsterman, Tyler Zeoli, Francesca L Beaudoin, Jennifer Tjia, Patricia L Hibberd
OBJECTIVE: Current Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) guidelines for the management of purulent skin or soft tissue infections do not account for patient age in treatment recommendations. The study objective was to determine if age was associated with outpatient treatment failure for purulent skin infection after adjusting for IDSA treatment guidelines. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter retrospective study of adult patients treated for a purulent skin infection and discharged home from four emergency departments between April and September 2014...
October 29, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815108/evaluation-and-management-of-the-nursing-home-resident-with-respiratory-symptoms-and-an-equivocal-chest-x-ray-report
#19
Mallory McClester Brown, Philip D Sloane, Christine E Kistler, David Reed, Kimberly Ward, David Weber, Sheryl Zimmerman
OBJECTIVES: Pneumonia is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in nursing home (NH) residents. Chest x-ray evidence is considered a key diagnostic criterion for pneumonia by the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) diagnostic guidelines, the modified McGeer diagnostic criteria, and the Loeb criteria for initiating antibiotics; however, x-ray interpretation is often equivocal. We conducted chart audits of patients in NHs who had chest x-rays for new respiratory symptoms to determine the degree of ambiguity in the radiology reports and their relationship to antibiotic prescription decisions...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788992/catheter-related-infections-in-patients-with-haematological-malignancies-novel-preventive-and-therapeutic-strategies
#20
REVIEW
Ramia Zakhour, Anne-Marie Chaftari, Issam I Raad
Central venous catheters are essential for the treatment of patients with haematological malignancies and the recipients of stem-cell transplant. This patient population is, however, at high risk for catheter-related bloodstream infections that can result in substantial morbidity, mortality, and health-care-associated costs. Efficient prevention, early diagnosis, and effective treatment are essential to providing the best care to these patients. Although confirming the catheter as a source of infection remains challenging, the Infectious Diseases Society of America definition of catheter-related bloodstream infection remains the most precise definition to use in these patients...
November 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
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