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Infectious Diseases Society of America

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346512/validation-of-the-pids-idsa-severity-criteria-in-children-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#1
Todd A Florin, Cole Brokamp, Rachel Mantyla, Bradley DePaoli, Richard Ruddy, Samir S Shah, Lilliam Ambroggio
Background: The Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS)/Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guideline for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) recommends intensive care unit (ICU) admission or continuous monitoring for children meeting severity criteria. Our objective was to validate these criteria. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of children age 3 months-18 years diagnosed with CAP in a pediatric Emergency Department (ED) from 9/2014-8/2015...
January 13, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337704/the-what-when-and-how-in-performing-and-interpreting-microbiological-diagnostic-tests-in-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections
#2
Carolina Navarro-San Francisco, Patricia Ruiz-Garbajosa, Rafael Cantón
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize and classify the most recent and relevant microbiological studies for each type of skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI). RECENT FINDINGS: Following Infectious Diseases Society of America and Food and Drug Administration classifications of SSTIs, we differentiate between two large groups, the superficial or uncomplicated infections and the complicated infections with deep involvement. It is not usually necessary to obtain microbiological samples in uncomplicated infections, except in cases of recurrences or for epidemiological control purposes...
January 11, 2018: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334446/pediatric-community-acquired-pneumonia
#3
Stephanie Posten, Jennifer Reed
Pediatric community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is frequently encountered by medical providers and is one of the most common reasons for hospital admission. CAP is known to cause significant morbidity and mortality, causing greater than 2 million deaths annually worldwide in children younger than five years old. The Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) released guidelines in 2011 with recommendations regarding appropriate diagnosis and management of community acquired pneumonia for children greater than 3 months age, with the goal of assisting providers in clinical decision making...
December 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325218/equal-candida-score-an-ecmm-score-derived-from-current-guidelines-to-measure-quality-of-clinical-candidemia-management
#4
Sibylle C Mellinghoff, Martin Hoenigl, Philipp Koehler, Anil Kumar, Katrien Lagrou, Cornelia Lass-Flörl, Jacques F Meis, Vidya Menon, Riina Rautemaa-Richardson, Oliver A Cornely
Candida species frequently cause blood stream infections and are reported to be the third to tenth most commonly isolated pathogens. Guidelines and standardized treatment algorithms provided by professional organisations aim to facilitate decision-making regarding diagnosis, management, and treatment of candidemia. In routine clinical practise, however, it may be challenging to comply with these guidelines. The reasons include lack of familiarity or feasibility to adherence, but also their length and complexity...
January 11, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322242/utility-of-fosfomycin-as-antibacterial-prophylaxis-in-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies
#5
Tanya Zapolskaya, Sarah Perreault, Dayna McManus, Jeffrey E Topal
PURPOSE: Prolonged and profound neutropenia is common among hematology and hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients as a result of chemotherapy. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) currently recommend antibacterial prophylaxis in patients who are deemed at intermediate or high risk for infection. Specifically, fluoroquinolone prophylaxis should be considered for high-risk neutropenic patients. However, with prolonged and frequent exposure to fluoroquinolones, these high-risk patients may develop resistance to these agents...
January 10, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317840/an-antibiotic-stewardship-exercise-in-the-icu-building-a-treatment-algorithm-for-the-management-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-based-on-local-epidemiology-and-the-2016-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-american-thoracic-society-guidelines
#6
Lyn S Awad, Dania I Abdallah, Anas M Mugharbil, Tamima H Jisr, Nabila S Droubi, Nabila A El-Rajab, Rima A Moghnieh
Introduction: Management of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), the most common infection in patients on mechanical ventilation, should be tailored to local microbiological data. The aim of this study was to determine susceptibility patterns of organisms causing VAP to develop a treatment algorithm based on these findings and evidence from the literature. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective analysis of the microbiological etiology of VAP in the intensive care unit (ICU) of a Lebanese tertiary care hospital from July 2015 to July 2016...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278971/prevention-strategies-against-hiv-transmission-a-proactive-approach
#7
Antonio J Carrion, Jovan D Miles, Juan F Mosley, Lillian L Smith, April S Prather, Marcus M Gurley, Linh D Phan, Emily C Everton
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has now transformed into a manageable chronic condition. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has proven efficacious at controlling the disease progression. Based on compelling evidence, the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) and the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) developed guidelines for the management of persons infected with HIV. However, there are approximately 50 000 new cases of HIV in the United States each year. In this article, we review proactive methods to reduce the transmission of HIV, which include reinforcing patient education, gel-coated condoms that destroy HIV, HIV vaccinations, and adequately utilizing pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276281/successful-implementation-of-an-antimicrobial-stewardship-program-at-an-academic-medical-center
#8
Carolyn M Bondarenka, John A Bosso
Background: Focus on antimicrobial use and infection prevention from accrediting or regulatory bodies such as the Joint Commission, as well as regulatory agencies such as the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and the Centers for Disease Control, has highlighted the need for continuing development of antimicrobial stewardship programs at healthcare facilities across the country. Methods: Our institution utilized the 2007 Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology guidelines to direct the evaluation of its antimicrobial use and develop a successful antimicrobial stewardship program...
July 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234594/successful-use-of-linezolid-for-refractory-mycobacterium-abcessus-infection-a-case-report
#9
Teppei Inoue, Akihito Tsunoda, Eriko Nishimoto, Kohei Nishida, Yuka Komatsubara, Rintaro Onoe, Junko Saji, Masamichi Mineshita
A 51-year-old male patient was receiving treatment for Mycobacterium abscessus infection for approximately 10 years. However, as his condition gradually progressed to type II respiratory insufficiency, he was referred to our hospital, which was near his home. Computed tomography on his first visit revealed an abscess in the right lower lobe. Because respiratory insufficiency was evident, he was admitted the same day. We began treatment with meropenem, amikacin, and clarithromycin, but his symptoms did not improve...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234216/recommendations-from-the-2016-guidelines-for-the-management-of-adults-with-hospital-acquired-or-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#10
Samir T Kumar, Arsheena Yassin, Tanaya Bhowmick, Deepali Dixit
Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) continue to represent the most common nosocomial-associated infections, resulting in significant attributable mortality, increased length of hospital stay, and financial burden.1 The updated Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines provide guidance on the diagnosis and management of nonimmunocompromised hosts with HAP and VAP.
December 2017: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226170/inappropriate-management-of-asymptomatic-patients-with-positive-urine-cultures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Myrto Eleni Flokas, Nikolaos Andreatos, Michail Alevizakos, Alireza Kalbasi, Pelin Onur, Eleftherios Mylonakis
Background: Mismanagement of asymptomatic patients with positive urine cultures (referred to as asymptomatic bacteriuria [ASB] in the literature) promotes antimicrobial resistance and results in unnecessary antimicrobial-related adverse events and increased health care costs. Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that reported on the rate of inappropriate ASB treatment published from 2004 to August 2016. The appropriateness of antimicrobial administration was based on guidelines published by the Infectious Diseases Society of America...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207937/a-retrospective-analysis-of-clinical-acuity-markers-on-hospital-length-of-stay-in-patients-with-febrile-neutropenia
#12
Herman J Johannesmeyer, Charles F Seifert
Objective The primary objective of this study was to identify factors that have predictive value in determining total hospital length of stay in patients with febrile neutropenia, particularly time to first antibiotic dose. Methods This study was a retrospective chart review analyzing patients admitted to a 443 bed tertiary county teaching hospital from 1 November 2010 through 1 November 2015. Patients were eligible for enrollment into the study if they met Infectious Diseases Society of America accepted criteria for febrile neutropenia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194529/2017-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-infectious-diarrhea
#13
Andi L Shane, Rajal K Mody, John A Crump, Phillip I Tarr, Theodore S Steiner, Karen Kotloff, Joanne M Langley, Christine Wanke, Cirle Alcantara Warren, Allen C Cheng, Joseph Cantey, Larry K Pickering
These guidelines are intended for use by healthcare professionals who care for children and adults with suspected or confirmed infectious diarrhea. They are not intended to replace physician judgement regarding specific patients or clinical or public health situations. This document does not provide detailed recommendations on infection prevention and control aspects related to infectious diarrhea.
November 29, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171447/nontuberculous-mycobacteria-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-portugal-a-clinical-review
#14
Rog Rio Ruas, Isabel Abreu, João Nuak, Angélica Ramos, Teresa Carvalho, Manuela Ribeiro, João Tiago Guimarães, António Sarmento
BACKGROUND: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) form a heterogeneous group regarding their ability to cause disease. To further understand their clinical relevance, the characteristics of patients who had positive cultures for NTM at a tertiary hospital in Portugal were reviewed. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients assessed at the Infectious Diseases (ID) Department of the São João Hospital Center, from January 2007 to December 2014, from whom at least one biological sample was tested culture positive for NTM...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123419/encephalitis-treatment-a-case-report-with-long-term-follow-up-of-ebv-pcr-in-cerebrospinal-fluid
#15
Fnu Zarlasht, Mashal Salehi, Mohammad Abu-Hishmeh, Muzammil Khan
Background: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been found to cause infectious mononucleosis multiple times, but has been associated rarely with EBV encephalitis. Also, whenever it is diagnosed, it is always treated symptomatically. Case report: A case of confirmed EBV encephalitis is presented, which was treated with antiviral therapy resulting in complete clearance of the virus in cerebrospinal fluid and minimal neurologic symptoms after hospital discharge. Conclusion: The Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines state that intravenous acyclovir is not recommended for EBV-related encephalitis...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091975/treatment-trends-and-outcomes-in-healthcare-associated-pneumonia
#16
Sarah Haessler, Tara Lagu, Peter K Lindenauer, Daniel J Skiest, Aruna Priya, Penelope S Pekow, Marya D Zilberberg, Thomas L Higgins, Michael B Rothberg
BACKGROUND: The American Thoracic Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines for management of healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP), first published in 2005, have been controversial regarding the selection of empiric broad-spectrum antibiotics, whether the criteria for HCAP predicts the likelihood of infection with multidrug resistant organisms, and whether HCAP patients have improved outcomes when treated with empiric broad-spectrum antibiotics. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study at 488 US hospitals from July 2007 to November 2011...
November 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091230/2017-hiv-medicine-association-of-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-management-of-chronic-pain-in-patients-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#17
R Douglas Bruce, Jessica Merlin, Paula J Lum, Ebtesam Ahmed, Carla Alexander, Amanda H Corbett, Kathleen Foley, Kate Leonard, Glenn Jordan Treisman, Peter Selwyn
Pain has always been an important part of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease and its experience for patients. In this guideline, we review the types of chronic pain commonly seen among persons living with HIV (PLWH) and review the limited evidence base for treatment of chronic noncancer pain in this population. We also review the management of chronic pain in special populations of PLWH, including persons with substance use and mental health disorders. Finally, a general review of possible pharmacokinetic interactions is included to assist the HIV clinician in the treatment of chronic pain in this population...
October 30, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091034/updating-the-diabetic-foot-treatment-algorithm-recommendations-on-treatment-using-advanced-medicine-and-therapies
#18
Peter Blume, Stephanie Wu
OBJECTIVE: Since the last diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) treatment algorithm was published in 2002, new options for diagnostic testing and treatments have been developed. This study seeks to update the DFU treatment algorithm to include new options available in diagnostic testing and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A computerized literature search of peer-reviewed articles published between January 2003 and January 2016 was conducted using MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library...
October 20, 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073317/the-diagnostic-yield-of-noninvasive-microbiologic-sputum-sampling-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-clinically-diagnosed-hospital-acquired-pneumonia
#19
Elliot L Naidus, Mary T Lasalvia, Edward R Marcantonio, Shoshana J Herzig
The clinical predictors of positive sputum culture have not been previously reported in hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), and data on yield of sputum culture in this setting are scant. Current Infectious Disease Society of America guidelines for HAP recommend noninvasive sputum sampling, though the data for this practice are limited. We assessed the yield of sputum culture in HAP cases at an academic medical center from January 2007 to July 2013. HAP cases were identifi ed by International Classifi cation of Diseases, Ninth Revision-Clinical Modifi cation codes for bacterial pneumonia and all cases were validated by chart review...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067624/are-guidelines-on-the-management-of-non-tuberculous-mycobacteria-lung-infections-respected-and-what-are-the-consequences-for-patients-a-french-retrospective-study-from-2007-to-2014
#20
N El-Zeenni, S Chanoine, C Recule, J-P Stahl, M Maurin, B Camara
Diagnosis and treatment of lung infections caused by non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) remain challenging. Adherence of the clinicians to the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) 2007 guidelines is often incomplete. Between 2007 and 2014, in Grenoble Alpes University Hospital, France, 132 patients had NTM-positive cultures from lower respiratory tract (LRT) samples. We retrospectively collected diagnosis, treatment, and outcome data of patients, and evaluated the adherence of clinicians to ATS/IDSA guidelines and the consequences of patients' prognoses...
October 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
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