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Infectious Diseases Society of America

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938046/the-value-that-infectious-diseases-physicians-bring-to-the-healthcare-system
#1
Daniel P McQuillen, Ann T MacIntyre
While a career in infectious diseases (ID) has always been challenging and exciting, recognition of the value that ID physicians provide to the healthcare system as a whole, over and above the value they provide to individual patients, has been poor in this system. In response to this disparity, the Infectious Diseases Society of America Clinical Affairs Committee has long endeavored to quantify the value of ID physicians to the system, which is challenging in part because of the many avenues through which they influence healthcare...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938044/sunday-in-the-park-with-infectious-disease-workforce-mismatch-in-a-colorful-universe-of-possibilities
#2
Thomas Moore, Louise-Marie Dembry, Michael S Saag
The decline in applications for infectious diseases (ID) fellowships has been an area of active introspection for the leadership of the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA). This prompted actions to address the problem, including surveys of current and former fellows. Ironically, the decline in applications to ID programs is occurring at a time when the need for ID providers has never been greater and the excitement and variety in the practice of ID has never been higher. Data regarding the current ID workforce are presented here, along with perspectives about the future of the profession in the decades to come...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936949/-clinical-practice-guidelines-of-hap-vap-in-2016-the-updates
#3
Meizhu Lu, Yan Kang
Hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilatorassociated pneumonia (VAP) are common hospital-acquired infections with higher mortality, longer hospital stay and more hospitalization expenses. With the latest research results and evidence-based guideline methodology, Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and American Thoracic Society (ATS) have collaborated to create updated guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of HAP and VAP in 2016. It is worth critically reading and thinking that most recommendations are supported by low-quality or very-low quality evidence and some strong recommendations is different from the actual clinical work in China...
September 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936146/adherence-to-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-candidemia-at-a-veterans-affairs-medical-center
#4
Chester N Ashong, Andrew S Hunter, M David Mansouri, Richard M Cadle, Richard J Hamill, Daniel M Musher
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to examine the appropriateness of candidemia management at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center as recommended by the 2009 Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines for treatment of Candida infections. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 94 adult patients with blood cultures positive for Candida spp. was performed. Patients were stratified by severity of disease into two groups: non-neutropenic, mild-moderate disease (Group 1, n = 54, 56%) and non-neutropenic, moderate-severe disease (Group 2, n = 40, 42%)...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931915/non-tuberculous-mycobacteria-isolated-from-pulmonary-samples-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#5
Catherine Okoi, Suzanne T B Anderson, Martin Antonio, Sarah N Mulwa, Florian Gehre, Ifedayo M O Adetifa
Pulmonary non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) disease epidemiology in sub-Saharan Africa is not as well described as for pulmonary tuberculosis. Earlier reviews of global NTM epidemiology only included subject-level data from one sub-Saharan Africa country. We systematically reviewed the literature and searched PubMed, Embase, Popline, OVID and Africa Wide Information for articles on prevalence and clinical relevance of NTM detection in pulmonary samples in sub-Saharan Africa. We applied the American Thoracic Society/Infectious Disease Society of America criteria to differentiate between colonisation and disease...
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919116/global-regional-and-national-age-sex-specific-mortality-for-264-causes-of-death-1980-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#6
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Monitoring levels and trends in premature mortality is crucial to understanding how societies can address prominent sources of early death. The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of cause-specific mortality for 264 causes in 195 locations from 1980 to 2016. This assessment includes evaluation of the expected epidemiological transition with changes in development and where local patterns deviate from these trends. METHODS: We estimated cause-specific deaths and years of life lost (YLLs) by age, sex, geography, and year...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902529/evaluation-of-the-2016-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-american-thoracic-society-guideline-criteria-for-risk-of-multi-drug-resistant-pathogens-in-hospital-acquired-and-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-patients-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#7
Pervin Korkmaz Ekren, Otavio T Ranzani, Adrian Ceccato, Gianluigi Li Bassi, Eva Muñoz Conejero, Miquel Ferrer, Michael S Niederman, Antoni Torres
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889650/correlation-of-recommendations-of-treatment-guidelines-and-frequently-prescribed-antibiotics-evaluation-of-their-pharmaceutical-pack-size
#8
Shoma Mukherjee, Nilanjan Saha
There are various factors that contribute to development of antimicrobial resistance. Overuse, inappropriate prescribing and extensive agricultural use of antibiotics are some of the factors which have been identified. Antibiotics are almost always universally packaged by manufacturers in packs that are heavily driven by cost of economies and convenience rather than by any scientific basis or duration of therapy. So, in the present study, the correlation of the treatment guidelines with the choice of antibiotics and whether packing size contributes to left-over dosing units when used according to guideline recommendations were assessed...
September 10, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889401/severity-of-drug-resistance-and-co-existence-of-enterococcus-faecalis-in-diabetic-foot-ulcer-infections
#9
Kavitha Shettigar, Deepika V Bhat, Kapaettu Satyamoorthy, Thokur Sreepathy Murali
The genes encoding aminoglycoside resistance in Enterococcus faecalis may promote collateral aminoglycoside resistance in polymicrobial wounds. We studied a total of 100 diabetic foot ulcer samples for infection and found 60 samples to be polymicrobial, 5 to be monomicrobial, and 35 samples to be culture negative. A total of 65 E. faecalis isolates were screened for six genes coding for aminoglycoside resistance, antibiotic resistance patterns, and biofilm production. Infectious Diseases Society of America/International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot system was used to classify the wound ulcers...
September 9, 2017: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882012/empirical-treatment-of-adults-with-hospital-acquired-pneumonia-lights-and-shadows-of-the-2016-clinical-practice-ats-idsa-guidelines
#10
REVIEW
M Vacas-Córdoba, C Cardozo-Espinola, P Puerta-Alcalde, C Cilloniz, A Torres, C García-Vidal
Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is a common cause of nosocomial infection associated with significant morbidity and mortality. New clinical practice guidelines for the management of adults with hospital-acquired pneumonia have been published in 2016 by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the American Thoracic Society (ATS). This review focuses on the recent recommendations and their limitations. We also focus on new therapeutic options that might improve the treatment and outcomes of these patients...
September 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882011/comments-on-practice-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-aspergillosis-made-by-the-idsa-in-2016
#11
REVIEW
E Alarcón-Manoja, C Cardozo-Espinola, P Puerta-Alcalde, C García-Vidal
We sought to review the most important updates in the treatment of aspergillosis after the publication of the clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of invasive aspergillosis (IA) by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Our aim is to discuss some of the key aspects concerning the following topics: early initiation of antifungal therapy, antifungal agent of choice, follow-up of patients with IA, and breakthrough aspergillosis.
September 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877630/focis-goes-south-advances-in-translational-and-clinical-immunology
#12
Alexis M Kalergis, Ignacio Anegon, Pablo A González
FOCIS goes South: Advances in Translational and Clinical Immunology was the first Federation of Clinical Immunology Societies (FOCIS) ( www.focisnet.org ) meeting held in Latin America (May 15-17, 2017, Santiago de Chile, Chile). The meeting was organized as a 3-day workshop and was fostered by the Millennium Institute on Immunology and Immunotherapy, a recently nominated FOCIS Center of Excellence. The workshop brought together FOCIS associates, such as members of the FOCIS Board of Directors, Directors of different Centers of Excellence, regional speakers and 350 attendees...
September 2017: Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874937/antimicrobial-therapy-for-pneumonia-in-the-emergency-department-the-impact-of-clinical-pharmacists-on-appropriateness
#13
Brett A Faine, Nicholas Mohr, Jenna Dietrich, Laura Meadow, Kari K Harland, Elizabeth Chrischilles
INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia impacts over four million people annually and is the leading cause of infectious disease-related hospitalization and mortality in the United States. Appropriate empiric antimicrobial therapy decreases hospital length of stay and improves mortality. The objective of our study was to test the hypothesis that the presence of an emergency medicine (EM) clinical pharmacist improves the timing and appropriateness of empiric antimicrobial therapy for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP)...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874131/a-chronic-hemodialysis-patient-with-isolated-pulmonary-valve-infective-endocarditis-caused-by-non-albicans-candida-a-rare-case-and-literature-review
#14
Chih-Hao Chang, Myo-Ming Huang, Dong-Feng Yeih, Kuo-Cheng Lu, Yi-Chou Hou
BACKGROUND: Isolated pulmonary valve infective endocarditis caused by Candida is rare in chronic hemodialysis patients. The 2009 Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines suggest the combined use of surgery and antibiotics to treat candidiasis; however, successful nonsurgical treatment of Candida endocarditis has been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 63-year-old woman with end-stage kidney disease was admitted to our hospital after experiencing disorientation for 5 days...
September 6, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829515/oxycodone-induced-neurotoxicity-secondary-to-concurrent-voriconazole-use-in-a-patient-with-cancer
#15
Lana Alghothani, Jillian Gustin
Chronic pain is common in patients with underlying malignancy with prevalence of up to 70 percent in those with advanced disease. Opioids are often used for those with both active disease and chronic cancer-related pain. In high-risk patients with hematologic malignancies and pneumonia, the Infectious Diseases Society of America recommends empiric antifungal therapy, often with voriconazole or another similar azole agent. Thus, patients with cancer are commonly on medications, such as antifungals, that have the potential to interact with opioids, causing adverse effects...
May 2017: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777208/survey-of-pediatric-infectious-diseases-society-members-about-congenital-chagas-disease
#16
Morven S Edwards, Francisca A Abanyie, Susan P Montgomery
Participants in a survey about congenital Chagas disease, distributed electronically to Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society members, perceived having limited knowledge about congenital Trypanosoma cruzi infection. Most rarely or never consider the diagnosis in infants born to parents from Latin America. Improved awareness of congenital Chagas disease and assessment of at-risk infants is needed.
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761583/challenges-of-empirical-antibiotic-therapy-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children
#17
REVIEW
Charlene M C Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally, responsible for more than 14% of deaths in children younger than 5 years of age. Due to difficulties with pathogen identification and diagnostics of CAP in children, targeted antimicrobial therapy is not possible, hence the widespread use of empirical antibiotics, in particular penicillins, cephalosporin, and macrolides. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to address medical, societal, and political issues associated with the widespread use of empirical antibiotics for CAP in the United Kingdom, India, and Nigeria...
2017: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736121/potential-of-circulatory-procalcitonin-as-a-biomarker-reflecting-inflammation-among-south-indian-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#18
Dhamodharan Umapathy, Sireesh Dornadula, Arvind Rajagopalan, Narayana Murthy, Vairamani Mariappanadar, Rajesh Kesavan, Ramkumar Kunka Mohanram
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU), the major complication associated with diabetes mellitus, has been shown to precede amputation in up to 90% of cases. Recent data reveal that procalcitonin (PCT) is a valid marker for the diagnosis of bacterial infections compared with traditional markers like white blood cell count, C-reactive protein levels, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate in DFU patients. Furthermore, cytokines are proposed to act as modulators and mediators for the expression and release of PCT into the circulation...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730159/antibiotic-prescribing-for-adults-hospitalized-in-the-etiology-of-pneumonia-in-the-community-study
#19
Sara Tomczyk, Seema Jain, Anna M Bramley, Wesley H Self, Evan J Anderson, Chris Trabue, D Mark Courtney, Carlos G Grijalva, Grant W Waterer, Kathryn M Edwards, Richard G Wunderink, Lauri A Hicks
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) 2007 guidelines from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA)/American Thoracic Society (ATS) recommend a respiratory fluoroquinolone or beta-lactam plus macrolide as first-line antibiotics for adults hospitalized with CAP. Few studies have assessed guideline-concordant antibiotic use for patients hospitalized with CAP after the 2007 IDSA/ATS guidelines. We examine antibiotics prescribed and associated factors in adults hospitalized with CAP...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714050/superiority-of-the-sonication-method-against-conventional-periprosthetic-tissue-cultures-for-diagnosis-of-prosthetic-joint-infections
#20
Sofia Tani, Panagiotis Lepetsos, Antonios Stylianakis, John Vlamis, Konstantinos Birbas, Ioannis Kaklamanos
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosis of periprosthetic infections is challenging. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of conventional periprosthetic tissue culture and culture of sonication fluid of the explanted prostheses. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 114 patients undergoing revision hip or knee arthroplasty because of loosening of the prostheses, at our institution, between July 2012 and July 2016. Patients' medical history and demographic characteristics were recorded...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
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