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Infectious Diseases Society of America

Michael C Tracy, Roshni Mathew
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to provide clinicians engaged in the care of infants and children an update on the current understanding of the epidemiology, etiology, diagnostic evaluation, and clinical management of complicated pneumonia. The review provides timely information surrounding areas of consensus and ongoing research. RECENT FINDINGS: The epidemiology and etiologies of complicated pneumonia continue to evolve over the past several decades in context of the introduction of new vaccines...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Randy A Taplitz, Erin B Kennedy, Christopher R Flowers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
Robin K Kuriakose, Lorna W Grant, Eric K Chin, David R P Almeida
Purpose: Conjunctival adherence of a tick is an uncommon event with few reports previously cited in the literature. We report a unique case of tick penetration, specifically a black-legged deer tick ( Ixodes scapularis ), into the conjunctiva. Observations: This patient experienced a 3-week history of unilateral mild ocular pain, decreased vision, and pigmented lesion of her right eye. Slit lamp examination demonstrated a tick attached to the conjunctiva. Pathology confirmed the insect exoskeleton...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Ziyaattin Karakuzu, Remzi Iscimen, Halis Akalin, Nermin Kelebek Girgin, Ferda Kahveci, Melda Sinirtas
BACKGROUND Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a nosocomial infection commonly seen in patients in intensive care units (ICU). This study aimed to analyze factors affecting prognosis of patients diagnosed with VAP. MATERIAL AND METHODS Critically ill patients with VAP were retrospectively evaluated between June 2002 and June 2011 in the ICU. VAP diagnosis was made according to 2005 ATS/IDSA (Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society) criteria. First pneumonia attacks of patients were analyzed...
March 5, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
A Clinton White, Christina M Coyle, Vedantam Rajshekhar, Gagandeep Singh, W Allen Hauser, Aaron Mohanty, Hector H Garcia, Theodore E Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Tatjana Adzic-Vukicevic, Aleksandra Barac, Ana Blanka-Protic, Marija Laban-Lazovic, Bojana Lukovic, Vesna Skodric-Trifunovic, Salvatore Rubino
INTRODUCTION: Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous organisms associated with various infections. The aim of the study was to determine the most relevant clinical characteristics of NTM during the 7-year period. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective study of NTM infections was conducted between January 2009 and December 2016. The American Thoracic Society/Infectious Disease Society of America criteria were used to define cases of pulmonary or an extrapulmonary site...
February 23, 2018: Infection
K Seresirikachorn, K Snidvongs, W Chitsuthipakorn, W Ruksakul, S Chusakul, J Kanjanaumporn, S Aeumjaturapat
BACKGROUND: Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS) is a subtype of acute rhinosinusitis (ARS). To prevent excessive antibiotic prescribing, clinical criteria for diagnosing ABRS are presented in two major international guidelines from European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps (EPOS2012) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA2012). This study aims to assess accuracy of these criteria. METHODOLOGY: Patients with ARS were recruited. Clinical features were collected including discolored nasal discharge, facial pain, fever, double sickening, symptoms persisting longer than 10 days, and elevated serum C reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ERS)...
February 24, 2018: Rhinology
L Clifford McDonald, Dale N Gerding, Stuart Johnson, Johan S Bakken, Karen C Carroll, Susan E Coffin, Erik R Dubberke, Kevin W Garey, Carolyn V Gould, Ciaran Kelly, Vivian Loo, Julia Shaklee Sammons, Thomas J Sandora, Mark H Wilcox
A panel of experts was convened by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) to update the 2010 clinical practice guideline on Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in adults. The update, which has incorporated recommendations for children (following the adult recommendations for epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment), includes significant changes in the management of this infection and reflects the evolving controversy over best methods for diagnosis...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Randy A Taplitz, Erin B Kennedy, Eric J Bow, Jennie Crews, Charise Gleason, Douglas K Hawley, Amelia A Langston, Loretta J Nastoupil, Michelle Rajotte, Kenneth Rolston, Lynne Strasfeld, Christopher R Flowers
Purpose To provide an updated joint ASCO/Infectious Diseases Society of American (IDSA) guideline on outpatient management of fever and neutropenia in patients with cancer. Methods ASCO and IDSA convened an Update Expert Panel and conducted a systematic review of relevant studies. The guideline recommendations were based on the review of evidence by the Expert Panel. Results Six new or updated meta-analyses and six new primary studies were added to the updated systematic review. Recommendations Clinical judgment is recommended when determining which patients are candidates for outpatient management, using clinical criteria or a validated tool such as the Multinational Association of Support Care in Cancer risk index...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Belinda Ostrowsky, Ritu Banerjee, Robert A Bonomo, Sara E Cosgrove, Lisa Davidson, Shira Doron, David N Gilbert, Amanda Jezek, John B Lynch, Edward J Septimus, Javeed Siddiqui, Nicole M Iovine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Matthijs Oyaert, Britt Van Meensel, Reinoud Cartuyvels, Johan Frans, Wim Laffut, Patricia Vandecandelaere, Hans De Beenhouwer
The BILULU study group consists of seven microbiologists of hospital laboratories located in the region of Flanders (Belgium). A major goal of the group is to standardize diagnostic microbiology procedures based on available evidence and, in the absence of evidence, based on general microbiological principles and expert opinion. Scientific evidence of current urine culture guidelines is incomplete and at some points guidelines don't indicate clear choice. The aim of this project was to develop a clear and unambiguous step-by-step guideline regarding the work-up of urine cultures...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
Thea Brennan-Krohn, Al Ozonoff, Thomas J Sandora
BACKGROUND: Group A streptococcus (GAS) is the most common bacterial etiology of pharyngitis but is difficult to distinguish clinically from viral pharyngitis. There are benefits to early antibacterial treatment of GAS pharyngitis, but administering antibiotics to children with viral pharyngitis is ineffective and costly. We evaluated adherence to guidelines that were developed to help clinicians distinguish between viral and GAS pharyngitis and guide management. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients ages 3-18 who had a rapid streptococcal test and/or throat culture performed in an outpatient setting...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Jeffrey Pernica, Stuart Harman, April Kam, Jacob Bailey, Redjana Carciumaru, Sarah Khan, Martha Fulford, Lehana Thabane, Robert Slinger, Cheryl Main, Marek Smieja, Mark Loeb
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is commonly diagnosed in children. The Infectious Disease Society of America guidelines recommend 10 days of high-dose amoxicillin for the treatment of non-severe CAP but 5-day "short course" therapy may be just as effective. Randomized trials in adults have already demonstrated non-inferiority of 5-day short-course treatment for adults hospitalized with severe CAP and for adults with mild CAP treated as outpatients. Minimizing exposure to antimicrobials is desirable to avoid harms including diarrhoea, rashes, severe allergic reactions, increased circulating antimicrobial resistance, and microbiome disruption...
February 1, 2018: Trials
Annick Smismans, Astrid Vantrappen, Freija Verbiest, Christophe Indevuyst, Bea Van den Poel, Sandrina von Winckelmann, Annelore Peeters, Sara Ombelet, Peter Lybeert, Andre Heremans, Eric Frans, Erwin Ho, Johan Frans
Since its introduction in the 1970s in the United States, outpatient parenteral antibiotic/antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) has been adopted internationally for long-term intravenous (IV) treatment of stable infectious diseases. The aim is to provide a safe and successful completion of IV antimicrobial treatment at the ambulatory care center or at home without complications and costs associated with hospitalization. OPAT implementation has been accelerated by progress in vascular access devices, newly available antibiotics, the emphasis on cost-savings, as well as an improved patient comfort and a reduced incidence of health care associated infections with a similar outcome...
January 31, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
Wanessa Trindade Clemente, Lígia Camera Pierrotti, Edson Abdala, Michele I Morris, Luiz S Azevedo, Rogelio López-Vélez, Manuel Cuenca-Estrella, Julian Torre-Cisneros, Eskild Petersen, Luis Fernando A Camargo, Alissa Jade Wright, Nicholas J Beeching, Eduardo Garcia Vilela, Guilherme Santoro-Lopes, Oscar Len, Raquel S B Stucchi, Oriol Manuel, Luciana Costa Faria, Hakan Leblebicioglu, Shirish Huprikar, Israel Molina, Paulo Henrique Orlandi Mourão, Camille N Kotton, José María Aguado
The Recommendations for Management of Endemic Diseases and Travel Medicine in Solid-Organ Transplant Recipients and Donors: Latin America clinical practice guideline is intended to guide clinicians caring for solid-organ transplant (SOT) donors, candidates and recipients regarding infectious diseases (ID) issues related to this geographical region, mostly located in the tropics. These recommendations are based on both systematic reviews of relevant literature and expert opinion from both transplant ID and travel medicine specialists...
February 2018: Transplantation
Sheng-Hsuan Tseng, Chuan Poh Lim, Qi Chen, Cheng Cai Tang, Sing Teang Kong, Paul Chi-Lui Ho
Bacterial sepsis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in neonates, especially those involving methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America recommend vancomycin 24-hour area under the concentration-time curve to MIC ratio (AUC24/MIC, hr) > 400 as the best predictor of successful treatment against MRSA infections when MIC (mg/L) is ≤ 1. The relationship between steady state vancomycin trough concentrations and AUC24 (mg ⋅ hr/L) has not been studied in an Asian neonatal population...
January 22, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Rahul S Kamath, Deepthi Sudhakar, Julianna G Gardner, Vagish Hemmige, Hossam Safar, Daniel M Musher
Background: Infections of skin and soft tissue (SSTI) commonly cause visits to hospital emergency departments (EDs). The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has published guidelines for the management of SSTI, but it is unclear how closely these guidelines are followed in practice. Methods: We reviewed records of patients seen in the ED at a large tertiary care hospital to determine guidelines adherence in 4 important areas: the decision to hospitalize, choice of antibiotics, incision and drainage (I&D) of abscesses, and submission of specimens for culture...
January 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Todd A Florin, Cole Brokamp, Rachel Mantyla, Bradley DePaoli, Richard Ruddy, Samir S Shah, Lilliam Ambroggio
Background: The Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS)/Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guideline for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) recommends intensive care unit (ICU) admission or continuous monitoring for children meeting severity criteria. Our objective was to validate these criteria. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of children age 3 months-18 years diagnosed with CAP in a pediatric Emergency Department (ED) from 9/2014-8/2015...
January 13, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Carolina Navarro-San Francisco, Patricia Ruiz-Garbajosa, Rafael Cantón
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize and classify the most recent and relevant microbiological studies for each type of skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI). RECENT FINDINGS: Following Infectious Diseases Society of America and Food and Drug Administration classifications of SSTIs, we differentiate between two large groups, the superficial or uncomplicated infections and the complicated infections with deep involvement. It is not usually necessary to obtain microbiological samples in uncomplicated infections, except in cases of recurrences or for epidemiological control purposes...
January 11, 2018: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
Stephanie Posten, Jennifer Reed
Pediatric community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is frequently encountered by medical providers and is one of the most common reasons for hospital admission. CAP is known to cause significant morbidity and mortality, causing greater than 2 million deaths annually worldwide in children younger than five years old. The Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) released guidelines in 2011 with recommendations regarding appropriate diagnosis and management of community acquired pneumonia for children greater than 3 months age, with the goal of assisting providers in clinical decision making...
December 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
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