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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920186/investigation-of-cis-trans-isomer-dependent-dermatotoxicokinetics-of-uv-filter-ethylhexyl-methoxycinnamate-through-stratum-corneum-in-vivo
#1
Anežka Sharma, Katarína Bányiová, Branislav Vrana, Ivan Justan, Pavel Čupr
2-Ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate (EHMC) is one of the most used ultraviolet filters in personal care products. It undergoes cis/trans isomerization in sunlight, and there is limited toxicological understanding of the effects of the cis-isomer. It is known that two geometric isomers of one compound can have different physico-chemical properties and effects. However, there are no studies focusing on toxicokinetics of EHMC isomerization products to compare their potential difference in dermal exposure to cis-EHMC and trans-EHMC due to the difference in their dermatotoxicokinetics...
September 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919597/quality-of-life-in-children-with-asthma-in-bangladesh
#2
M R Hassan, S Kabir, A E Basher, M A Rahman, M A Islam, M K Khan, M S Basher
Asthma is a public health problem that adversely affects different aspects of quality of life. Childhood asthma is common in Bangladesh affecting their lifestyle. The objective of the study was to assess health-related quality of life in children with bronchial asthma. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out from January 2014 to December 2014 at the Outpatient Department of National Asthma Centre, Mohakhali, Dhaka among hundred sixty-two purposively selected children of both sexes with bronchial asthma aged from 7 to 17 years...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917203/cognitive-behavioral-correlates-of-proxy-reports-on-cognitive-capabilities-in-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy
#3
Christoph Helmstaedter, Renata Vaz Pandolfo, Christian Hoppe, Juri-Alexander Witt
PURPOSE: To validate the Cognitive Problems in Children and Adolescents Questionnaire (KOPKIJ, German: Kognitive Probleme bei Kindern und Jugendlichen), a proxy report measure for recognizing cognitive problems in pediatric patients with epilepsy. METHODS: Anonymized data sets from 279 pediatric epilepsy patients were standardized in regard to the KOPKIJ results of 352 healthy children and adolescents. The KOPKIJ was related to objective routine neuropsychological assessment (NPY), and to two subjective measures, the Child Behavior Checklist questionnaire (CBCL), a proxy rating by the parents, and a questionnaire for self-perceived health-related quality of life in children and adolescents (KINDL)...
September 6, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915986/exploration-of-gender-norms-and-socialization-among-early-adolescents-the-use-of-qualitative-methods-for-the-global-early-adolescent-study
#4
REVIEW
Kristin Mmari, Robert W Blum, Rebkha Atnafou, Elisa Chilet, Sara de Meyer, Omaima El-Gibaly, Sharmista Basu, Bamidele Bello, Beatrice Maina, Xiayun Zuo
PURPOSE: The Global Early Adolescent Study (GEAS) was launched in 2014 with the primary goal of understanding the factors in early adolescence that predispose young people to subsequent sexual risks, and conversely, those that promote healthy sexuality across different cultural contexts. The present article describes the methodology that was used for the first phase of GEAS, which consisted of conducting qualitative research to understand the gendered transitions into adolescence and the role that gender norms play within the key relationships of adolescents...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913952/new-age-ideas-about-age-old-sex-separating-meiosis-from-mating-could-solve-a-century-old-conundrum
#5
Michael Brandeis
Ever since Darwin first addressed it, sexual reproduction reigns as the 'queen' of evolutionary questions. Multiple theories tried to explain how this apparently costly and cumbersome method has become the universal mode of eukaryote reproduction. Most theories stress the adaptive advantages of sex by generating variation, they fail however to explain the ubiquitous persistence of sexual reproduction also where adaptation is not an issue. I argue that the obstacle for comprehending the role of sex stems from the conceptual entanglement of two distinct processes - gamete production by meiosis and gamete fusion by mating (mixis)...
September 14, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913663/effects-of-a-program-to-promote-high-quality-parenting-by-divorced-and-separated-fathers
#6
Irwin Sandler, Heather Gunn, Gina Mazza, Jenn-Yun Tein, Sharlene Wolchik, Cady Berkel, Sarah Jones, Michele Porter
This paper reports on the effects on parenting and on children's mental health problems and competencies from a randomized trial of a parenting program for divorced and separated fathers. The program, New Beginnings Program-Dads (NBP-Dads), includes ten group sessions (plus two phone sessions) which promote parenting skills to increase positive interactions with children, improve father-child communication, use of effective discipline strategies, and skills to protect children from exposure to interparental conflict...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910243/fluoride-exposure-and-reported-learning-disability-diagnosis-among-canadian-children-implications-for-community-water-fluoridation
#7
Amanda M Barberio, Carlos Quiñonez, F Shaun Hosein, Lindsay McLaren
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have connected increased fluoride exposure with increased risk of neurodevelopmental-related outcomes, such as ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) and lower IQ in children. Our primary objective was to examine the association between fluoride exposure and reported diagnosis of a learning disability among a population-based sample of Canadian children aged 3-12 years. METHODS: We analyzed data from Cycles 2 and 3 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904966/the-effect-of-oral-dexmedetomidine-premedication-on-preoperative-cooperation-and-emergence-delirium-in-children-undergoing-dental-procedures
#8
Sultan Keles, Ozlem Kocaturk
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to detect the effect of 1 μg/kg of oral dexmedetomidine (DEX) as premedication among children undergoing dental procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 100 children between 2 and 6 years of age, ASA I, who underwent full-mouth dental rehabilitation. The DEX group (n = 50) received 1 μg/kg DEX in apple juice, and the control group (n = 50) received only apple juice. The patients' scores on the Ramsay Sedation Scale (RSS), parental separation anxiety scale, mask acceptance scale, and pediatric anesthesia emergence delirium scale (PAEDS) and hemodynamic parameters were recorded...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904594/psychological-well-being-in-italian-families-an-exploratory-approach-to-the-study-of-mental-health-across-the-adult-life-span-in-the-blue-zone
#9
Paul Kenneth Hitchcott, Maria Chiara Fastame, Jessica Ferrai, Maria Pietronilla Penna
Self-reported measures of psychological well-being and depressive symptoms were examined across differently aged family members, while controlling for the impact of marital status and personal satisfaction about family and non-family relations. Twenty-one grandchildren (i.e., ages 21-36 years) were recruited with their parents (i.e., 48-66 years old) and grandparents (i.e., 75-101 years of age) in the 'blue zone' of Ogliastra, an Italian area known for the longevity of its inhabitants. Each participant was individually presented a battery of questionnaires assessing their lifestyle and several perceived mental health indices, including the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS, Tennant et al...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904275/family-centered-care-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-combining-intensive-care-and-family-support
#10
Shunsuke Araki, Tomoko Saito, Saori Ichikawa, Kaori Saito, Tsuzumi Takada, Satoko Noguchi, Miki Yamada, Fumi Nakagawa
Advances in treatment in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) for preterm and sick newborns have improved the mortality rate of patients, but admission to the NICU may disrupt parent-infant interaction, with adverse consequences for infants and their families because of physical, psychological, and emotional separation. The concept of family centered care (FCC), in which family members are part of the care team and infants are close to the family, is important and has become popular in NICU. In 2013, we created a team called "Kodomo-Kazoku Mannaka" to promote FCC in Japan, and visited the NICU at Uppsala University Hospital in Sweden, which is internationally famous for FCC...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901353/separate-mechanisms-of-ion-oligomerization-tune-the-physicochemical-properties-of-n-butylammonium-acetate-cation-base-clusters-vs-anion-acid-dimers
#11
Paula Berton, Steven P Kelley, Hui Wang, Allan S Myerson, Robin D Rogers
We investigated the ability of the ions comprising protic ionic liquids to strongly interact with their neutral acid and base forms through the characterization of n-butylammonium acetate ([C4NH3][OAc]) in the presence of excess n-butylamine (C4NH2) or excess acetic acid (HOAc). The conjugate and parent acid or base form new nonstoichiometric, noncovalently bound species (i.e., oligomeric ions) which change the physical and chemical properties of the resulting liquids, thus offering tunability. The effects of adding C4NH2 or HOAc to [C4NH3][OAc] on the resulting thermal and spectroscopic properties differ and suggest that C4NH2 interacts primarily with [C4NH3](+) to form 3-dimensional polymeric networks likely similar to those in H2O/[H3O](+), while HOAc interacts primarily with [OAc](-) to form oligomeric ions (e...
September 13, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898263/genome-wide-analysis-of-parent-of-origin-interaction-effects-with-environmental-exposure-pooxe-an-application-to-european-and-asian-cleft-palate-trios
#12
Øystein A Haaland, Astanand Jugessur, Miriam Gjerdevik, Julia Romanowska, Min Shi, Terri H Beaty, Mary L Marazita, Jeffrey C Murray, Allen J Wilcox, Rolv T Lie, Håkon K Gjessing
Cleft palate only is a common birth defect with high heritability. Only a small fraction of this heritability is explained by the genetic variants identified so far, underscoring the need to investigate other disease mechanisms, such as gene-environment (GxE) interactions and parent-of-origin (PoO) effects. Furthermore, PoO effects may vary across exposure levels (PoOxE effects). Such variation is the focus of this study. We upgraded the R-package Haplin to enable direct tests of PoOxE effects at the genome-wide level...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895105/1-3-diphenylisobenzofuran-a-model-chromophore-for-singlet-fission
#13
REVIEW
Justin C Johnson, Josef Michl
In this review we first provide an introductory description of the singlet fission phenomenon and then describe the ground and electronically excited states of the parent 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran chromophore (1) and about a dozen of its derivatives. A discussion of singlet fission in thin polycrystalline layers of these materials follows. The highest quantum yield of triplet formation by singlet fission, 200% at 80 K, is found in one of the two known crystal modification of the parent. In the other modification and in many derivatives, excimer formation competes successfully and triplet yields are low...
September 11, 2017: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889062/affective-dysregulation-predicts-incident-nonmedical-prescription-analgesic-use-among-college-students
#14
Christine K Morioka, Donna E Howard, Kimberly M Caldeira, Min Qi Wang, Amelia M Arria
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the relationship between four suspected risk factors-affective dysregulation, conduct problems, depressive symptoms, and psychological distress-and incident nonmedical prescription analgesic (NPA) use among college students. METHODS: The sample was derived from 929 college students from a large, mid-Atlantic university who completed the third annual College Life Study assessment (Y3) and were NPA use naïve at baseline (Y1)...
September 1, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888550/issr-marker-assisted-genetic-diversity-analysis-of-dioscorea-hispida-and-selection-of-the-best-variety-for-sustainable-production
#15
Nur Fatihah Hasan Nudin, Abdul Manaf Ali, Norhayati Ngah, Nor Zuhailah Mazlan, Nashriyah Mat, Mohd Noor Abd Ghani, Nadiawati Alias, Abd Jamil Zakaria, Md Sarwar Jahan
Plant breeding is a way of selection of a particular individual for the production of the progeny by separating or combining desired characteristics. The objective of this study was to justify different characteristics of Dioscorea hispida (Ubi gadong) varieties using molecular techniques to select the best variety for sustainable production at the farmer's level. A total of 160 germplasms of Ubi gadong were collected from different locations at the Terengganu and Kelantan states of Malaysia. Forty eight (48) out of 160 germplasms were selected as "primary" selection based on yield and other qualitative characters...
September 6, 2017: Comptes Rendus Biologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887329/the-abdication-of-king-edward-viii-a-study-of-estrangement-between-an-adult-son-and-elderly-mother
#16
Robert C Abrams
In this article the Abdication of King Edward VIII of Great Britain and his estrangement from the dowager Queen Mary are reconsidered as prototypes of intergenerational conflict arising from a collision of values between an adult child and an elderly mother. Historical materials on the Abdication and other respected secondary sources, including biographies of key individuals, were consulted, and the limited sociological and clinical literature on estrangement between elderly parents and adult children was referenced...
September 8, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886694/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-of-cotton-fiber-development-of-upland-cotton-gossypium-hirsutum-and-chromosome-segment-substitution-lines-from-g-hirsutum-%C3%A3-g-barbadense
#17
Peng-Tao Li, Mi Wang, Quan-Wei Lu, Qun Ge, Md Harun Or Rashid, Ai-Ying Liu, Ju-Wu Gong, Hai-Hong Shang, Wan-Kui Gong, Jun-Wen Li, Wei-Wu Song, Li-Xue Guo, Wei Su, Shao-Qi Li, Xiao-Ping Guo, Yu-Zhen Shi, You-Lu Yuan
BACKGROUND: How to develop new cotton varieties possessing high yield traits of Upland cotton and superior fiber quality traits of Sea Island cotton remains a key task for cotton breeders and researchers. While multiple attempts bring in little significant progresses, the development of Chromosome Segment Substitution Lines (CSSLs) from Gossypium barbadense in G. hirsutum background provided ideal materials for aforementioned breeding purposes in upland cotton improvement. Based on the excellent fiber performance and relatively clear chromosome substitution segments information identified by Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) markers, two CSSLs, MBI9915 and MBI9749, together with the recurrent parent CCRI36 were chosen to conduct transcriptome sequencing during the development stages of fiber elongation and Secondary Cell Wall (SCW) synthesis (from 10DPA and 28DPA), aiming at revealing the mechanism of fiber development and the potential contribution of chromosome substitution segments from Sea Island cotton to fiber development of Upland cotton...
September 8, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885949/assessing-military-community-support-relations-among-perceived-military-community-support-child-psychosocial-adjustment-and-parent-psychosocial-adjustment
#18
Allison M Conforte, Jennifer L Bakalar, Lisa M Shank, Jeffrey Quinlan, Mark B Stephens, Tracy Sbrocco, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff
INTRODUCTION: The emotional, cognitive, and behavioral health of the nearly two million children of military service members in the United States is important as these children play an integral role in the operational readiness of the armed forces. For example, when a service member's child experiences psychosocial difficulties, these difficulties often impact the service member's personal well-being and ability to focus at work, impairing the service member's ability to focus on the mission...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883985/local-stakeholders-perceptions-of-community-sensitization-for-school-based-deworming-programme-in-kenya
#19
D W Njomo, J Masaku, F Mwende, G Odhiambo, R Musuva, E Matey, I G Thuita, J H Kihara
BACKGROUND: In Kenya, the National School-Based Deworming Programme (NSBDP) for soil-transmitted helminthes and schistosomiasis in prioritized areas has been going on since the year 2012. By the year 2013 over 6 million School Age Children (SAC) had been treated. A community sensitization supplement containing key messages and answers to frequently asked questions was developed as a guiding tool. Awareness creation methods used include county sensitization meetings, stakeholder forums, town criers and posters...
2017: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881545/-study-on-relationship-between-outdoor-activities-and-self-reported-myopia-among-middle-school-students
#20
L L Zhai, X Y Wu, S J Xu, Y H Wan, S C Zhang, L Xu, W Liu, S S Ma, H Zhang, F B Tao
Objective: To examine the relationship between the prevalence of self-reported myopia and outdoor activities among middle school students and to explore the influence factors of the self-reported myopia. Methods: A total of 12 979 participants were recruited from junior and senior middle school students in in Shenzhen, Nanchang, Zhengzhou and Shenyang by random cluster sampling method between December 2015 and March 2016. All participants completed an anonymous questionnaire to collect the information of demographic characteristics, self-reported myopia, outdoor activities, etc...
September 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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