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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334693/the-frequency-of-family-meals-and-nutritional-health-in-children-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
M Dallacker, R Hertwig, J Mata
Findings on the relationship between family meal frequency and children's nutritional health are inconsistent. The reasons for these mixed results have to date remained largely unexplored. This systematic review and meta-analysis of 57 studies (203,706 participants) examines (i) the relationship between family meal frequency and various nutritional health outcomes and (ii) two potential explanations for the inconsistent findings: sociodemographic characteristics and mealtime characteristics. Separate meta-analyses revealed significant associations between higher family meal frequency and better overall diet quality (r = 0...
January 15, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334626/parenting-predicts-strange-situation-cortisol-reactivity-among-children-adopted-internationally
#2
Carrie E DePasquale, K Lee Raby, Julie Hoye, Mary Dozier
The functioning of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis can be altered by adverse early experiences. Recent studies indicate that children who were adopted internationally after experiencing early institutional rearing and unstable caregiving exhibit blunted HPA reactivity to stressful situations. The present study examined whether caregiving experiences post-adoption further modulate children's HPA responses to stress. Parental sensitivity during naturalistic parent-child play interactions was assessed for 66 children (M age = 17...
January 4, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333764/education-is-the-strongest-socioeconomic-predictor-of-smoking-in-pregnancy
#3
Juho Härkönen, Matti Lindberg, Linnea Karlsson, Hasse Karlsson, Noora M Scheinin
AIMS: To investigate socioeconomic disparities in smoking in pregnancy (SIP) by the mother's education, occupational class, and current economic conditions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis with linked survey and register data. SETTING: South-Western Finland. PARTICIPANTS: 2,667 pregnant women (70% of the original sample (N=3,808)) from FinnBrain, a prospective pregnancy cohort study. MEASUREMENTS: The outcome was smoking during the first pregnancy trimester, measured from the Finnish Medical Birth Register...
January 14, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329691/communication-disparity-between-bereaved-and-others-what-hurts-them-and-what-is-unhelpful-a-nationwide-study-of-the-cancer-bereaved
#4
EMayumi Ishida, Hideki Onishi, Tatsuya Morita, Yosuke Uchitomi, Megumi Shimizu, Satoru Tsuneto, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyashita
CONTEXT: The importance of communication between the cancer bereaved and others has been emphasized, but little is known about the more problematic aspects of this communication such as "unhelpful communication". OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to establish which types of communication are perceived by the bereaved to be unhelpful. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, anonymous, nationwide survey at 103 certified hospice facilities/palliative care units in Japan...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328955/investigation-of-carbonates-in-the-sutter-s-mill-meteorite-grains-with-hyperspectral-infrared-imaging-micro-spectroscopy
#5
Mehmet Yesiltas
Synchrotron-based high spatial resolution hyperspectral infrared imaging technique provides thousands of infrared spectra with high resolution, thus allowing us to acquire detailed spatial maps of chemical molecular structures for many grains in short times. Utilizing this technique, thousands of infrared spectra were analyzed at once instead of inspecting each spectrum separately. Sutter's Mill meteorite is a unique carbonaceous type meteorite with highly heterogeneous chemical composition. Multiple grains from the Sutter's Mill meteorite have been studied using this technique and the presence of both hydrous and anhydrous silicate minerals have been observed...
January 6, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328530/fusing-planar-group-to-a-pi-bowl-electronic-and-molecular-structure-aromaticity-and-solid-state-packing-of-naphthocorannulene-and-its-anions
#6
Zheng Zhou, Sarah Spisak, Qi Xu, Andrey Rogachev, Zheng Wei, Massimo Marcaccio, Marina A Petrukhina
Molecular and electronic structure, reduction and coordination abilities of a PAH having a planar naphtho-group fused to the corannulene bowl have been investigated for the first time using a combination of theoretical and experimental tools. A direct comparison of naphtho[2,3-a]corannulene (C28H14, 1) with parent corannulene (C20H10, 2) revealed the effect of framework topology change on electronic properties and aromaticity of 1. Two reversible one-electron reduction processes with the formal reduction potentials at -2...
January 12, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325428/mother-child-coregulation-of-parasympathetic-processes-differs-by-child-maltreatment-severity-and-subtype
#7
Erika Lunkenheimer, Alex Busuito, Kayla M Brown, Elizabeth A Skowron
Parasympathetic processes appear to underlie maladaptive parent-child interactions in maltreating families, but it is unknown whether parent-child coregulation of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) differs by child maltreatment severity and subtype. RSA coregulation in maltreating and nonmaltreating mother-child dyads ( N = 146; age 3-5 years) during two dyadic tasks was analyzed using dynamic time series modeling. Nonmaltreating dyads showed positive RSA concordance but maltreating dyads (when examined as one group) did not...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321079/the-enactment-stage-of-end-of-life-decision-making-for-children
#8
Jane Elizabeth Sullivan, Lynn Heather Gillam, Paul Terence Monagle
OBJECTIVES: Typically pediatric end-of-life decision-making studies have examined the decision-making process, factors, and doctors' and parents' roles. Less attention has focussed on what happens after an end-of-life decision is made; that is, decision enactment and its outcome. This study explored the views and experiences of bereaved parents in end-of-life decision-making for their child. Findings reported relate to parents' experiences of acting on their decision. It is argued that this is one significant stage of the decision-making process...
January 11, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319789/parent-targeted-home-based-interventions-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Lauren M Touyz, Claire E Wakefield, Allison M Grech, Veronica F Quinn, Daniel S J Costa, Fang Fang Zhang, Richard J Cohn, Mona Sajeev, Jennifer Cohen
Context: Parent interventions delivered in the home represent a valuable approach to improving children's diets. Objective: This review aims to examine the effectiveness of parent-targeted in-home interventions in increasing fruit and vegetable intake in children. Data Sources: Five electronic databases were searched: MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO. Study Selection: Randomized and nonrandomized trials conducted in children aged 2 to 12 years and published in English from 2000 to 2016 were eligible...
January 8, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316273/pilot-project-physiologic-responses-to-a-high-intensity-active-video-game-with-copd-patients-tools-for-home-rehabilitation
#10
Andrée-Anne Parent, Vincent Gosselin-Boucher, Marilyn Houle-Peloquin, Claude Poirier, Alain-Steve Comtois
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a respiratory condition that causes a significant deterioration of the quality of life. However, exercise can improve the quality of life for COPD patients and it is for this reason previous study observed the effects of active video games to increase exercise. Using motion capture devices with short bursts of exercise never been tried with COPD patients. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to observe the feasibility of using this device safely and easily with COPD patients...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310603/characteristics-of-positive-interaction-parenting-style-among-primiparous-teenage-optimal-age-and-advanced-age-mothers-in-canada
#11
Theresa H M Kim, Jennifer A Connolly, Michael Rotondi, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: Positive-interaction parenting early in childhood is encouraged due to its association with behavioural development later in life. The objective of this study was to examine if the level of positive-interaction parenting style differs among teen, optimal age, and advanced age mothers in Canada, and to identify the characteristics associated with positive-interaction parenting style separately for each age group. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional secondary analysis of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302830/gender-specific-trajectories-of-conduct-problems-from-ages-3-to-11
#12
Leslie Morrison Gutman, Heather Joshi, Michael Parsonage, Ingrid Schoon
Gender-specific pathways of conduct problems (CP) from toddlerhood have received little attention. Using a nationally representative sample of UK children born in 2000-2001 (6458 boys and 6340 girls), the current study (a) identified subgroups of CP pathways separately for boys and girls from ages 3 to 11 and (b) examined early precursors (pregnancy to 9 months) of these trajectories. Group-based trajectory models identified four distinct trajectories for both boys and girls: each characterized as 'low'; 'early-onset, desisting'; 'early-onset, persistent' and 'school-onset'...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302748/like-mother-like-daughter-like-father-like-son-intergenerational-transmission-of-internalizing-symptoms-at-early-school-age-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Anna Andreas, Lars O White, Susan Sierau, Sonja Perren, Kai von Klitzing, Annette M Klein
Despite the well-established link between parental depressive symptoms and children's internalizing symptoms, studies that divide transmission into gender-specific components remain scarce. Therefore, the present study focused on gender-specific associations between internalizing symptoms of parents and children over the course of early school age, a key stage where gender-specific roles are increasingly adopted. Participants were 272 children (49.6% girls) oversampled for internalizing symptoms. Parents completed questionnaires twice during early school age (mean age time 1 = 7...
January 4, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302075/foxo1-a2m-and-tgf-%C3%AE-1-three-novel-genes-predicting-depression-in-gene-x-environment-interactions-are-identified-using-cross-species-and-cross-tissues-transcriptomic-and-mirnomic-analyses
#14
Annamaria Cattaneo, Nadia Cattane, Chiara Malpighi, Darina Czamara, Anna Suarez, Nicole Mariani, Eero Kajantie, Alessia Luoni, Johan G Eriksson, Jari Lahti, Valeria Mondelli, Paola Dazzan, Katri Räikkönen, Elisabeth B Binder, Marco A Riva, Carmine M Pariante
To date, gene-environment (GxE) interaction studies in depression have been limited to hypothesis-based candidate genes, since genome-wide (GWAS)-based GxE interaction studies would require enormous datasets with genetics, environmental, and clinical variables. We used a novel, cross-species and cross-tissues "omics" approach to identify genes predicting depression in response to stress in GxE interactions. We integrated the transcriptome and miRNome profiles from the hippocampus of adult rats exposed to prenatal stress (PNS) with transcriptome data obtained from blood mRNA of adult humans exposed to early life trauma, using a stringent statistical analyses pathway...
January 4, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302043/heme-oxygenase-1-genetic-variants-and-the-conundrum-of-hyperbilirubinemia-in-african-american-newborns
#15
David L Schutzman, Erica Gatien, Samuel Ajayi, Ronald J Wong
BACKGROUND: African-American (AA) infants are known to have, overall, lower bilirubin levels than infants of other ethnicities during their birth hospitalization. However, they are known to have a higher incidence of severe hyperbilirubinemia and are over represented in the US Kernicterus Registry. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO) is the rate limiting enzyme in heme metabolism leading to the equimolar production of bilirubin, carbon monoxide (CO) and free iron (Fe). Short (S) (GT)n repeats (<25) in the promoter region of the gene encoding the inducible HO-1 isozyme augment its expression, while long (L) repeats (>33) lead to an attenuation, modulating the production of bilirubin and CO...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299241/r-k-like-trade-off-and-voltinism-discreteness-the-implication-to-allochronic-speciation-in-the-fall-webworm-hyphantria-cunea-complex-arctiidae
#16
Fan Yang, Eriko Kawabata, Muhammad Tufail, John J Brown, Makio Takeda
North America has distinct types of Hyphantria moths (Arctiidae) characterized by red (RD)- and black (BL)-headed larvae, of which the taxonomic status is unresolved. Genetic divergence of 26 populations, based on 710 bp of the mtCOI sequence, showed two phylogenetic lineages, which could not be connected in the haplotype network with 95% confidence. The two lineages are separated by 3.1% sequence divergence and should be considered for full species status. The estimated split occurred 1.2-1.6 million years ago...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297424/household-context-and-psychosocial-impact-of-childhood-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#17
M Loveday, B Sunkari, I Master, A Daftary, V Mehlomakulu, S Hlangu, B J Marais
SETTING: Referral hospital for drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. OBJECTIVES: We conducted interviews with primary care givers of children admitted with multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) during a 3-month period in 2015 to identify broader household challenges. RESULTS: We interviewed 26 care givers, most of whom were women (85%). Most households had been decimated by TB/MDR-TB and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and were dependent upon government grants...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294913/quality-of-sibling-relationships-in-maltreated-youth-residing-in-out-of-home-care
#18
Helen M Milojevich, Jodi A Quas, Britni L Adams
When children are removed from their parents's custody because of substantiated maltreatment and placed in out-of-home placements, they may be placed separately from siblings, potentially leading to even higher levels of stress in children. This possibility emerges insofar as siblings serve as a source of support during the uncertain times that accompany maltreatment and subsequent removal. We explored these issues in the present study, focusing on whether sibling relationship quality was related to post-removal behavioral functioning in maltreated children and adolescents...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294744/exposure-to-domestic-violence-and-abuse-evidence-of-distinct-physical-and-psychological-dimensions
#19
Catherine M Naughton, Aisling T O'Donnell, Orla T Muldoon
Recent literature on exposure to domestic violence (DV) highlights the need for increased understanding of the dynamics of domestic violence and abuse (DVA). The current aims were to explore whether two separate dimensions, physical and psychological DVA, were evident in adult children's reports of their exposure to DVA in their family of origin, and whether these dimensions affected psychological well-being and perceived satisfaction with emotional support (hereafter referred to as social support satisfaction)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294703/viewing-the-cycle-of-violence-through-a-gendered-pathways-lens-perceived-parental-tolerance-of-violence-peer-influence-and-child-aggressive-behavior
#20
Glenn D Walters
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether a child's perception of adult tolerance of violence interfaced with peer associations and violent offending. It was hypothesized that a child's perception of his or her parents' tolerance for violence would predict the peer influence effect for aggressive behavior in boys but not girls. Control variables included the parent's stated tolerance of violence, the child's personal attitude toward violence, recent parental divorce or separation, and child maltreatment within the past 12 months...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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