Read by QxMD icon Read

parental separation

Christopher A Flessner, Yolanda E Murphy, Elle Brennan, Alexandra D'Auria
Developmental models of pediatric anxiety posit multiple, maladaptive parenting behaviors as potential risk factors. Despite this, a standardized means of assessing multiple of these practices (i.e., anxiogenic parenting) in a comprehensive and efficient manner are lacking. In Study 1531 parents of children 7-17 years old completed an online survey via Amazon Mechanical Turk. In Study 2, a separate community sample (N = 109; 9-17 years old) was recruited and completed a comprehensive assessment battery as part of a larger study...
October 21, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
S Nicole Fearnbach, Travis D Masterson, Haley A Schlechter, Amanda J Ross, Michael J Rykaczewski, Eric Loken, Danielle S Downs, David Thivel, Kathleen L Keller
BACKGROUND: Exercise not only has a direct effect on energy balance through energy expenditure (EE), but also has an indirect effect through its impact on energy intake (EI). This study examined the effects of acute exercise on daily ad libitum EI in children at risk for becoming overweight due to family history. METHODS: Twenty healthy-weight children (ages 9-12 years, 12 male/8 female) with at least one overweight biological parent (body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) participated...
October 21, 2016: Nutrition Journal
Alistair K Brown, Charles S Wong
Recent data suggests there are non-trivial amounts of human pharmaceutical conjugates potentially entering environmental surface waters. These compounds could contribute to eliciting toxic effects on aquatic biota either directly or indirectly, via de-conjugation. The need for developing a single method for quantifying both parents and conjugates is necessary. Propranolol (PRO), sulfamethoxazole (SMX), and their respective major conjugates 4-OH-propranolol sulfate (PRO-Sul) and sulfamethoxazole-β-glucuronide (SMX-Glc) were successfully simultaneously extracted through weak anion exchange solid phase extraction cartridges from primary and secondary clarification wastewaters from the North End Winnipeg Water Pollution Treatment Plant in Winnipeg, Canada...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Lu Wang, Xiang-Yong Liang, Li-Sheng Ding, Sheng Zhang, Bang-Jing Li
A new type of chiral magnetic nano-particles was prepared via covalently linked magnetic nano-particles (Fe3O4) and heptakis (6-O-triisopropylsilyl)-β-cyclodextrin (6-TIPS-β-CD). The resulting selectors (TIPS-β-CD-MNPs) combined the high magnetic property Fe3O4 and efficient chiral recognition ability of 6-TIPS-β-CD. The enantioselectivity of TIPS-β-CD-MNPs towards 1-(1-naphthyl) ethylamine was six times higher than that of parent β-CD modified Fe3O4 particles.
October 20, 2016: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Jimmy A Irwin, W Peter Maksym, Gregory R Sivakoff, Aaron J Romanowsky, Dacheng Lin, Tyler Speegle, Ian Prado, David Mildebrath, Jay Strader, Jifeng Liu, Jon M Miller
A flaring X-ray source was found near the galaxy NGC 4697 (ref. 1). Two brief flares were seen, separated by four years. During each flare, the flux increased by a factor of 90 on a timescale of about one minute. There is no associated optical source at the position of the flares, but if the source was at the distance of NGC 4697, then the luminosities of the flares were greater than 10(39) erg per second. Here we report the results of a search of archival X-ray data for 70 nearby galaxies looking for similar flares...
October 19, 2016: Nature
S A Stansfeld, C Clark, M Smuk, C Power, T Davidson, B Rodgers
BACKGROUND: Childhood adversity predicts adolescent suicidal ideation but there are few studies examining whether the risk of childhood adversity extends to suicidal ideation in midlife. We hypothesized that childhood adversity predicts midlife suicidal ideation and this is partially mediated by adolescent internalizing disorders, externalizing disorders and adult exposure to life events and interpersonal difficulties. METHOD: At 45 years, 9377 women and men from the UK 1958 British Birth Cohort Study participated in a clinical survey...
October 20, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Madhuri S Kurdi, Sindhu Priya Muthukalai
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Melatonin (MT), a naturally occurring pituitary hormone has a sleep promoting effect. There are very few studies on pre-operative oral MT (0.2-0.5 mg/kg) in children. We planned a study to assess the efficacy of oral MT in two doses and compare it with oral midazolam and placebo for pre-operative anxiolysis, sedation, maintenance of cognition and psychomotor skills, parental separation behaviour and venepuncture compliance. METHODS: This prospective double-blind randomised study was conducted after ethical committee approval on 100 children aged 5-15 years, American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status I and II undergoing elective surgery at our hospital from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2014...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Larry Applewhite, Derrick Arincorayan, Barry Adams
This exploratory study examines the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in soldiers who sought behavioral health support during a combat deployment. We conducted a secondary analysis of data extracted from two studies on the basis of retrospective reviews of behavioral health records of soldiers deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. Of 162 clinical samples, 135 (83%) reported at least one type of childhood adversity. ACE scores ranged from 0 to 9 with a mean of 3 (standard deviation = 2.4) and mode of 0...
October 2016: Military Medicine
Sari Ahlqvist-Björkroth, Zack Boukydis, Anna Margareta Axelin, Liisa Lehtonen
Parents of preterm infants commonly experience separation from their infant or exclusion from their role as primary caregivers during the hospital care of their infant, which may impair parent-infant bonding and parents' psychological well-being. Therefore, we developed the Close Collaboration with Parents™ intervention to improve staff skills in communicating and collaborating with parents in neonatal intensive care units (NICU), to increase parents' presence and participation into infant care, and to improve parent-infant bonding and, thereby, parents' psychological well-being and later child development...
October 12, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Jana E Jones, Prabha Siddarth, Dace Almane, Suresh Gurbani, Bruce P Hermann, Rochelle Caplan
OBJECTIVE: This study identified items on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) that predict those children and adolescents with epilepsy at highest risk for multiple psychiatric diagnoses. METHODS: Three hundred twenty-eight children, ages 5-18 years, and their parents participated in separate structured psychiatric interviews about the children, which yielded Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) diagnoses...
October 14, 2016: Epilepsia
Cynthia Lien, Tony Rosen, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Robert C Abrams, Maria Pavlou, Mark S Lachs
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns of personal experience or behavior in self-neglect by exploring narratives of cognitively intact older adults. DESIGN: Descriptive study involving semistructured interviews and unstructured narratives. SETTING: A parent study of self-neglect characteristics. PARTICIPANTS: Cognitively intact, self-neglecting older adults referred from 11 community-based senior services agencies (N = 69)...
October 14, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Rajesh Chakraborty, Sandipan Sarkar, Siddhartha Pal, Pabitra Chattopadhyay
A new ion-exchanger having chemical formula [Me2NH2]3[Mo12O40S] and belonging to the class of Keggin type polyoxometalate was synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray structure determination. The crystal of the exchanger is rhombohedral, space group R-3 with cell dimensions, a =16.504(18) Å, b =16.504(18)Å (1) Å, c =25.23(3)Å and α=90.00°, β=90.00°, γ=120.00° and Z =6, 3.284gcm(-3). The compound behaves as an ion-exchanger and it is significantly stable towards thermal, chemical environments and total radiation dose of 35...
September 28, 2016: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Huabin Zhang, Jing Wei, Juncai Dong, Guigao Liu, Li Shi, Pengfei An, Guixia Zhao, Jintao Kong, Xiaojun Wang, Xianguang Meng, Jing Zhang, Jinhua Ye
Modular optimization of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) was realized by incorporation of coordinatively unsaturated single atoms in a MOF matrix. The newly developed MOF can selectively capture and photoreduce CO2 with high efficiency under visible-light irradiation. Mechanistic investigation reveals that the presence of single Co atoms in the MOF can greatly boost the electron-hole separation efficiency in porphyrin units. Directional migration of photogenerated excitons from porphyrin to catalytic Co centers was witnessed, thereby achieving supply of long-lived electrons for the reduction of CO2 molecules adsorbed on Co centers...
October 13, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Abu Nasar, Aminoor Rahman, Nazmul Hoque, Anup Kumar Talukder, Ziban Chandra Das
AIM: To investigate the status, problems and prospects of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) farming in selected areas of Bangladesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 14 districts of Bangladesh, viz., Dhaka, Narayanganj, Munshiganj, Mymensingh, Netrakona, Faridpur, Jessore, Khulna, Satkhira, Kushtia, Bogra, Naogaon, Comilla, and Sylhet during the period from July 2011 to June 2012. A total of 52 quail farmers were interviewed for data collection using a structured questionnaire...
September 2016: Veterinary World
Orly Sarid, Richard Isralowitz, Mor Yehudai, Alexander Reznik
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of information about mothers in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT), their parental stress, and suicidal ideation. AIM: To evaluate parenting stress and suicidal ideation among heroin-dependent mothers in MMT. METHOD: The study was conducted at an MMT center. Inclusion criteria were mothers with at least one child between 6-12 years of age. Mothers (n = 41) were interviewed about their background characteristics, drug use, parenting stress, and suicide ideation...
October 12, 2016: Crisis
Hannah Dengel, Crispin Lichtenberg
The synthetic access to cationic bismuth compounds based on simple, monodentate, synthetically useful amido ligands, [Bi(NR2)2(L)n]+, has been investigated (R = Me, iPr, Ph; L = neutral ligand). With [BPh4]- as a counteranion, the formation of contact ion pairs and subsequent phenyl transfer from B to Bi is observed. An intermediate of this reaction, [Bi(NMe2)2(HNMe2)(BPh4)] (1), could be isolated and fully characterized. The use of fluorinated tetrarylborates as counteranions leads to more stable cationic bismuth amides...
October 12, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Matthew E Wolak, Jane M Reid
1.Quantifying and predicting microevolutionary responses to environmental change requires unbiased estimation of quantitative genetic parameters in wild populations. 'Animal models', which utilise pedigree data to separate genetic and environmental effects on phenotypes, provide powerful means to estimate key parameters and have revolutionised quantitative genetic analyses of wild populations. 2.However, pedigrees collected in wild populations commonly contain many individuals with unknown parents. When unknown parents are non-randomly associated with genetic values for focal traits, animal model parameter estimates can be severely biased...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Animal Ecology
Ashish Chogle, Carlo A Velasco-Benitez, Ilan J Koppen, Jairo E Moreno, Carmen R Ramírez Hernández, Miguel Saps
OBJECTIVE: To perform a population-based study with Rome III criteria to describe the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children in Colombia. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a multicity cross-sectional study to investigate the epidemiology of FGIDs in children 0-48 months of age using the Rome III criteria in Colombia. Children with organic medical diseases were excluded. Parents provided demographic information and completed the Spanish version of the Questionnaire on Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms for Infants & Toddlers...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Family-centred care (FCC) is a state-of-the-art practice in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) based on its shown benefits on the well-being of both infants and parents. However, there is no systematic knowledge about how FCC is implemented in different European contexts. OBJECTIVES: To describe parents' presence and the quality of FCC from the perspectives of mothers, fathers and nurses in 11 European NICUs. METHODS: A prospective survey was conducted in Finland, Sweden, Norway, Estonia, Spain and Italy...
November 2016: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
Kyoko Nagao, Tammy Riegner, Jennifer Padilla, L Ashleigh Greenwood, Jessica Loson, Sarah Zavala, Thierry Morlet
BACKGROUND: Although auditory processing disorder (APD) is a widely recognized impairment, its prevalence and demographic characteristics are not precisely known in the pediatric population. PURPOSE: To examine the demographic characteristics of children diagnosed with APD at a tertiary health-care facility and the prevalence of pediatric APD. RESEARCH DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. STUDY SAMPLE: A total of 243 children (149 boys and 94 girls) who were referred to the Nemours Audiology Clinics in the Delaware Valley for an APD evaluation...
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"