Read by QxMD icon Read

paternal rights

Tayebeh Hasan Tehrani, Sadat Seyed Bagher Maddah, Masoud Fallahi-Khoshknab, Abbas Ebadi, Farahnaz Mohammadi Shahboulaghi, Mark Gillespie
BACKGROUND: Privacy is a complicated and obscure concept, which has special meanings in the healthcare environment; therefore, it is essential for healthcare providers to fully understand this concept. However, there is no universally accepted definition for this concept in the texts, and it has been interpreted differently, based on its application. AIM: To analyze and provide a clear and scientific definition for respect of privacy of hospitalized patients and identify the common aspects of this concept...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
Lennart Bråbäck, Caroline J Lodge, Adrian J Lowe, Shyamali C Dharmage, David Olsson, Bertil Forsberg
BACKGROUND: Some human and animal studies have recently shown that maternal grandmother's smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of asthma in the grandchildren. We have investigated whether sex of the exposed parent and/or grandchild modifies the association between grandmaternal smoking and grandchild asthma. METHODS: We formed a cohort study based on linkage of national registries with prospectively collected data over three generations. Smoking habits in early pregnancy were registered since 1982 and purchases of prescribed medication since 2005...
March 7, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Allison Bloom
Drawing on ethnographic and historical research, this article illuminates the limitations of the Uruguayan domestic violence services system. In spite of how advocates in Uruguay successfully used a human rights platform to secure legislation and services, this system now faces significant critique. Using Iris Marion Young's work on the "logic of masculinist protection" and historical parallels in Uruguay's welfare system, I discuss how a paternalistic approach may be to blame. I highlight how this paternalism contributes to the paternalism that problematically underlies gendered violence-reinforcing rather than addressing oppressive ideologies and structures that impede improving conditions for women...
March 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
M C Micu, M Ostensen, P M Villiger, R Micu, R Ionescu
Reproduction capacity and long-term preserved hormonal function are important aspects with big impacts on patients' quality of life. Updated information on the interaction between drug therapy and reproductive function is essential when discussing family planning with patients. Currently, limited data is published regarding paternal exposure to different medications. Thus, it may be a challenge for the practitioner to choose the right therapy for a young male patient. Therefore we reviewed the literature, for effects of antirheumatic drugs on male gonadal function with a focus on spermatogenesis and offspring...
January 11, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Kristine M Hammill, Shamaila Fraz, Abigail H Lee, Joanna Y Wilson
The effects of parental exposure to pharmaceuticals on sexual differentiation in F1 offspring were examined in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Adult zebrafish were exposed to 0 or 10 µg/L of carbamazepine or gemfibrozil for 6 weeks and bred in pairwise crosses to generate 7 distinct lineages. Lineages were formed with both parents from the same treatment group or with only one parent exposed, to delineate between maternal and paternal effects. The F1 offspring from each lineage were reared in clean water and sampled at 45 and 60 days post fertilization (dpf)...
February 24, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Arrate Pereda, Jose Maria Martos-Tello, Intza Garin, Javier Errea-Dorronsoro, Guiomar Perez de Nanclares
Progressive osseous heteroplasia (POH, OMIM#166350) is an "ultrarare" genetic condition characterized by plaque-like heterotopic ossification, beginning in infancy in the dermis and subsequently progressing to involve deep connective tissues such as muscles and joints, sometimes resulting in loss of mobility1 . It is usually associated with paternal inheritance of an inactivating mutation at the GNAS gene but in some patients (around 30% of cases) with identical clinical characteristics of POH no mutations have been detected2 ...
February 21, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
Derrick J Thrasher, Bronwyn G Butcher, Leonardo Campagna, Michael S Webster, Irby J Lovette
Information on genetic relationships among individuals is essential to many studies of the behavior and ecology of wild organisms. Parentage and relatedness assays based on large numbers of SNP loci hold substantial advantages over the microsatellite markers traditionally used for these purposes. We present a double-digest restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (ddRAD-seq) analysis pipeline that, as such, simultaneously achieves the SNP discovery and genotyping steps and which is optimized to return a statistically powerful set of SNP markers (typically 150-600 after stringent filtering) from large numbers of individuals (up to 240 per run)...
February 17, 2018: Molecular Ecology Resources
Antonio Casciano
Ethical and bioethical problems, which are typical of the practice of surrogate motherhood, refer to its protagonists: the couple that orders it, due to its demand to satisfy the desire of paternity and maternity and the promptness of having a female body to fulfill its aspirations; the expectant mother, and the physical and psychic repercussions coming from the role performed in the surrogacy contract, as well as the risks of manipulation and exploitation, related to her position; the baby and his right to grow counting on the certainty of his parental relationships and on the preservation of his emotional balance...
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
Zuzana Slamova, Lusine Nazaryan-Petersen, Mana M Mehrjouy, Jana Drabova, Miroslava Hancarova, Tatana Marikova, Drahuse Novotna, Marketa Vlckova, Zdenka Vlckova, Mads Bak, Zuzana Zemanova, Niels Tommerup, Zdenek Sedlacek
Analyses at nucleotide resolution reveal unexpected complexity of seemingly simple and balanced chromosomal rearrangements. Chromothripsis is a rare complex aberration involving local shattering of one or more chromosomes and reassembly of the resulting DNA segments. This can influence gene expression and cause abnormal phenotypes. We studied the structure and mechanism of a seemingly balanced de novo complex rearrangement of four chromosomes in a boy with developmental and growth delay. Microarray analysis revealed two paternal de novo deletions of 0...
February 6, 2018: Human Mutation
Ismail Kaarouch, Nouzha Bouamoud, Aicha Madkour, Noureddine Louanjli, Brahim Saadani, Said Assou, Smahane Aboulmaouahib, Saaid Amzazi, Henri Copin, Moncef Benkhalifa, Sefrioui Omar
This study assessed sperm quality declining on relation to paternal age and its impact on in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes in order to estimate the APA (Advanced Paternal Age) cutoff. For this, 83 couples undergoing IVF treatment for male factor infertility were enrolled. The women age was ≤39 years, whereas the men were divided in two groups: APA (n = 41; age≥40 years) and young (Y) (n = 42; age < 40 years). Conventional semen parameters (volume, concentration, motility, vitality and morphology) were analyzed in the collected sperm samples...
February 2, 2018: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Veit Herklotz, Aleš Kovařík, Jana Lunerová, Susan Lippitsch, Marco Groth, Christiane M Ritz
Dogroses represent an exceptional system for studying the effects of genome doubling and hybridization: their asymmetrical meiosis enables recombination in bi-parentally inherited chromosomes but prevents it in maternally inherited ones. We employed fluorescent in situ hybridization, genome skimming, amplicon sequencing of genomic and cDNA as well as conventional cloning of nuclear ribosomal DNA in two phylogenetically distinct pentaploid (2n = 5x = 35) species, Rosa canina and R. inodora, and their naturally occurring reciprocal hybrids, R...
January 31, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Harriet V Kuhnlein
Traditional knowledge and practice of Indigenous Peoples related to their food use and well-being is a wealth of information for academic study and for public health nutrition. Despite unique long-evolved heritages of knowledge of ecosystem resources, Indigenous Peoples comprise 15% of the global poor, but only 5% of the world's population, and they experience poverty, discrimination, and poor nutritional health at far greater rates than mainstream populations in their nations of residence. These disparities are unacceptable in all human rights frameworks, and the call to alleviate them resonates through all human development programmes and the United Nations organizations...
November 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Xiugui Sheng, Yan Zhong, Chunhua Lu, Jingwei Peng, Hao Yu, Jing Guo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis of hereditary ovarian cancer syndrome (HOCS) in Shandong province, East China. METHODS: The present retrospective study assessed the clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis among patients with HOCS treated at Shandong Cancer Hospital, China, between January 1, 2008, and January 31, 2016. Data from women with primary ovarian cancer who met HOCS diagnostic criteria (genetic-disease group) were compared with data from a control group of 100 women with sporadic ovarian cancer (sporadic-disease group) identified using simple random sampling...
January 23, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Jacoba J Louw, Ricardo Nunes Bastos, Xiaowen Chen, Céline Verdood, Anniek Corveleyn, Yaojuan Jia, Jeroen Breckpot, Marc Gewillig, Hilde Peeters, Massimo M Santoro, Francis Barr, Koenraad Devriendt
Congenital or neonatal cardiomyopathies are commonly associated with a poor prognosis and have multiple etiologies. In two siblings, a male and female, we identified an undescribed type of lethal congenital restrictive cardiomyopathy affecting the right ventricle. We hypothesized a novel autosomal recessive condition. To identify the cause, we performed genetic, in vitro and in vivo studies. Genome-wide SNP typing and parametric linkage analysis was done in a recessive model to identify candidate regions. Exome sequencing analysis was done in unaffected and affected siblings...
January 22, 2018: PLoS Genetics
Ruilan Xia, Longmei Jin, Dekun Li, Hong Liang, Fen Yang, Jianping Chen, Wei Yuan, Maohua Miao
BACKGROUND: There are limited studies on the effects of paternal alcohol consumption, before conception, on the reproductive development of offspring. Anogenital distance (AGD), the distance from the center of the anus to the genitals, is a sensitive biomarker of reproductive hormone abnormalities during the critical developmental window. The relationship between paternal alcohol consumption and AGD of human offspring has not been studied yet. METHODS: This cohort study included 1,292 pregnant women recruited in Shanghai...
January 6, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Joar Björk, Niklas Juth, Niels Lynøe
BACKGROUND: In many countries, there are health care initiatives to make smokers give up smoking in the peri-operative setting. There is empirical evidence that this may improve some, but not all, operative outcomes. However, it may be feared that some support for such policies stems from ethically questionable opinions, such as paternalism or anti-smoker sentiments. This study aimed at investigating the support for a policy of smoking cessation prior to surgery among Swedish physicians and members of the general public, as well as the reasons provided for this...
January 8, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
Ibrahim Durukan, Koray Kara, Mahmoud Almbaideen, Dursun Karaman, Hesna Gül
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed that individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders and their relatives have problems to express and recognize emotions but there is a lack of studies concerning alexithymia levels and relationships between parental alexithymia and depression-anxiety symptoms in these groups. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine alexithymia, depression, anxiety levels of parents in children with pervasive developmental disorders and ADHD, also examine if there is a positive correlation between child's neurodevelopmental problem's severity and parental scores...
December 31, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Joseph T F Roberts
In light of the variety of uses of the term autonomy in recent bioethics literature, in this paper, I suggest that competence, not being as contested, is better placed to play the anti-paternalistic role currently assigned to autonomy. The demonstration of competence, I will argue, can provide individuals with robust spheres of non-interference in which they can pursue their lives in accordance with their own values. This protection from paternalism is achieved by granting individuals rights to non-interference upon demonstration of competence...
December 30, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
D McLennan, J D Armstrong, D C Stewart, S Mckelvey, W Boner, P Monaghan, N B Metcalfe
The importance of parental contributions to offspring development and subsequent performance is self-evident at a genomic level; however, parents can also affect offspring fitness by indirect genetic and environmental routes. The life history strategy that an individual adopts will be influenced by both genes and environment; and this may have important consequences for offspring. Recent research has linked telomere dynamics (i.e. telomere length and loss) in early life to future viability and longevity. Moreover, a number of studies have reported a heritable component to telomere length across a range of vertebrates, though the effects of other parental contribution pathways have been far less studied...
December 23, 2017: Molecular Ecology
Kun Zhang, Han Wang, Sandeep K Rajput, Joseph K Folger, George W Smith
Histone variant H3.3 is encoded by two distinct genes, H3F3A and H3F3B, that are closely associated with actively transcribed genes. H3.3 replacement is continuous and essential for maintaining correct chromatin structure during mouse oogenesis. Upon fertilization, H3.3 is incorporated to parental chromatin, and is required for blastocyst formation in mice. The H3.3 exchange process is facilitated by the chaperone HIRA, particularly during zygote development. We previously demonstrated that H3.3 is required for bovine early embryonic development; here, we explored the mechanisms of its functional requirement...
February 2018: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"