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Bone marrow aspirate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920813/mycobacteriosis-in-captive-psittacines-a-brief-review-and-case-series-in-common-companion-species-eclectus-roratus-amazona-oratrix-and-pionites-melanocephala
#1
Anna Elizabeth McRee, Christine T Higbie, Javier G Nevarez, Nathalie T Rademacher, Thomas N Tully
In 2015, three psittacines were presented within 30 days, each with differing clinical signs and patient histories. A 13-yr-old male eclectus parrot (Eclectus roratus) was presented for weakness, depression, and acute anorexia. On presentation it was determined to have a heart murmur, severely elevated white blood cell count (93.9 10(3)/μl) with a left shift (2.8 10(3)/μl bands), and anemia (30%). Severe hepatomegaly was noted on radiographs, ultrasonography, and computed tomography. A cytological sample of the liver obtained through a fine needle aspirate revealed intracellular acid-fast bacilli identified as Mycobacterium avium...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915587/expression-and-release-of-glucose-regulated-protein-78-grp78-in-multiple-myeloma
#2
Normann Steiner, Bojana Borjan, Roman Hajek, Karin Jöhrer, Georg Göbel, Wolfgang Willenbacher, Johann Kern, Eberhard Gunsilius, Gerold Untergasser
INTRODUCTION: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell neoplasm that is mostly incurable due to acquired resistance during the treatment course. Thus, we evaluated expression and release of glucose-regulated protein 78 kDa (GRP78/BiP), an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) based pro-survival chaperone involved in immunoglobulin folding and unfolded protein responses. RESULTS: GRP78 protein expression in the ER and on the cell surface did not significantly differ between MGUS, NDMM and RRMM patients although there was a trend to higher surface expression in RRMM...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910695/mds-classification-is-improving-in-an-era-of-the-who-2016-criteria-of-mds-a-population-based-analysis-among-9159-mds-patients-diagnosed-in-the-netherlands
#3
Avinash G Dinmohamed, Otto Visser, Eduardus F M Posthuma, Peter C Huijgens, Pieter Sonneveld, Arjan A van de Loosdrecht, Mojca Jongen-Lavrencic
BACKGROUND: Morphologic and cytogenetic assessments are required to characterize diagnostic and prognostic features of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). We assessed whether these assessments were performed among newly diagnosed MDS patients in the Netherlands. METHODS: MDS cases were retrieved from the nationwide Netherlands Cancer Registry (N=9159; period 2001-2014) and the regional PHAROS MDS registry (N=676; period 2008-2011). RESULTS: The proportion of unclassified MDS decreased from 58% in 2001 to 13% in 2014...
September 11, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903844/bone-marrow-involvement-in-metastatic-pediatric-ewing-sarcoma
#4
Saadiya Javed Khan, Irfana Ishaq, Haleema Saeed, Muhammad Bilal Fayyaz, Syed Ali Shazif Baqari, Rabia Mohammad Wali
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of bone marrow involvement with metastatic lung and bone sites in newly-diagnosed pediatric patients with Ewing sarcoma (ES). STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from January 2010 to October 2015. METHODOLOGY: Newly-diagnosed pediatric-age patients with ES were inducted. Ten patients were excluded because bone marrow aspiration/biopsy (BMAB) was not done...
August 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902958/nonregenerative-immune-mediated-anemia-associated-with-a-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-a-captive-jaguar-panthera-onca
#5
Monika A Keresztes, Manfred Henrich, Penelope Baloi, Sascha Gerst, Jens-Christian Rudnick, Judith Langenstein, Andreas Moritz, Natali Bauer
An 18-year-old male castrated jaguar (Panthera onca) was presented with anorexia and continuous bleeding from the oral cavity after a history of fighting with the partner animal. Clinical evaluation revealed ulcerating lesions on the gingiva and hard palate and a hematoma on the tongue. Computed tomography of the head and endoscopic examination of the esophagus and stomach were unremarkable. Hematology and clinical chemistry revealed severe nonregenerative anemia, mild thrombocytopenia, and moderate azotemia...
September 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894565/hematological-characteristics-of-yemeni-adults-and-children-with-visceral-leishmaniasis-could-eosinopenia-be-a-suspicion-index
#6
Jameel Al-Ghazaly, Waled Al-Dubai, Munasser Abdullah, Leila Al-Gharasi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Delay in the diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) particularly in non-endemic areas is associated with higher mortality. In our experience, we found that marked bone marrow eosinopenia was a very frequent accompaniment of VL and might be a useful clue for the diagnosis, which indicates the opportunity for further morphological assessment. The aim of this study was to describe the hematological characteristics including peripheral blood and bone marrow findings of Yemeni adults and children with VL...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894066/-thymoma-with-pure-red-cell-aplasia-report-of-a-case
#7
Masanobu Hayakawa, Kazuyuki Oda
A thymoma with pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is relatively rare. A 71-year-old woman complainted of dizziness and her blood cell count showed a severe anemia. She was diagnosed as PRCA by bone marrow aspiration biopsy, which showed marked decrease in number of erythroblasts. In addition, the chest computed tomography revealed a solid tumor in the anterior mediastinum. She underwent extended thymothymectomy through median sternotomy. The resected specimen was 10.5×9.7 cm in diameter. The pathological diagnosis was type AB thymoma of the World Health Organization classification, and Masaoka stage I...
September 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892915/myeloid-sarcoma-presenting-as-nasal-and-orbital-mass-an-initial-manifestation-of-an-acute-myeloid-leukaemia
#8
Amita Jain Gupta, Shramana Mandal, Richa Gupta, Nita Khurana, Achal Gulati
Myeloid sarcoma is an extramedullary manifestation of Acute Myeloid Leukaemia and sometimes is the only indicator of the disease. The incidence varies between 3-9.1% of acute leukaemia cases. The blast infiltration is seen most commonly in skin, lymph node, gastrointestinal tract, bone, soft tissue though can involve any body site usually as a solitary lesion and is rarely seen in nasal cavity. We present two cases of myeloid sarcoma presenting as a nasal mass in a six year old girl and other as orbital mass in 32-year-old as an initial manifestation of acute myeloid leukaemia...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892914/primary-amyloidosis-in-a-case-with-normal-plasma-cell-counts
#9
Pooja Trehan, Mangala Gouri, Clement Wilfred, K Rashmi, Vijaya Mysorekar
Amyloidosis is a group of disease that is characterized by the deposition of extracellular abnormal proteinaceous material (amyloid), in various organs. Amyloidosis involving the liver is common and the radiological findings are often nonspecific. We present the case of a 40-year-old female who presented with abdominal pain. Ultrasound abdomen was reported as massive hepatomegaly with diffuse liver parenchymal disease. Bone marrow aspiration showed normomegaloblastic erythroid hyperplasia and plasma cells were within normal limits (5%)...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891421/bone-marrow-aspiration-for-regenerative-orthopedic-intervention-technique-with-ultrasound-guidance-for-needle-placement
#10
Shane A Shapiro, Jennifer R Arthurs
AIM: We review relevant anatomy of the iliac crest, and describe an interventional technique to maximize harvesting of desired progenitor cells with ultrasound to guide safe trochar placement. MATERIALS & METHODS: We validated the technique on both sides of the pelvis in four human cadavers. RESULTS: Using ultrasound guidance, 32 BMA needles were placed in a safe zone along various portions of the iliac crest. CONCLUSION: Ultrasound guidance can improve accuracy of bone marrow aspirations form the iliac crest...
September 11, 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890905/single-versus-multiple-site-harvesting-techniques-for-bone-marrow-concentrate-evaluation-of-aspirate-quality-and-pain
#11
Kristin Oliver, Tariq Awan, Matthew Bayes
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow concentrate (BMC) is growing in popularity as an alternative treatment option in orthopaedics. The regenerative capacity of BMC has been linked to the number of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) present in the graft at the time of its clinical application. MSC counts in bone marrow aspirate (BMA) are affected by harvest technique, but controversy exists over which aspiration method optimizes cellular yield while taking patient comfort and risk into consideration. PURPOSE: To compare a single- versus multiple-site bone marrow aspiration technique to determine which would generate a sufficient volume of high-quality BMA for concentration into a BMC graft...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886194/a-new-rabbit-model-of-impaired-wound-healing-in-an-x-ray-irradiated-field
#12
Kazutoshi Fujita, Soh Nishimoto, Toshihiro Fujiwara, Yohei Sotsuka, Maki Tonooka, Kenichiro Kawai, Masao Kakibuchi
Radiation is an important therapy for cancer with many benefits; however, its side effects, such as impaired wound healing, are a major problem. While many attempts have been made to overcome this particular disadvantage, there are few effective treatments for impaired wound healing in an X-ray-irradiated field. One reason for this deficiency is the lack of experimental models, especially animal models. We have previously reported a mouse model of impaired wound healing in which the irradiation area was restricted to the hindlimbs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885352/successful-5-azacytidine-treatment-of-myeloid-sarcoma-and-leukemia-cutis-associated-with-myelodysplastic-syndrome-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Takayuki Katagiri, Takashi Ushiki, Masayoshi Masuko, Tomoyuki Tanaka, Shukuko Miyakoshi, Kyoko Fuse, Yasuhiko Shibasaki, Jun Takizawa, Sadao Aoki, Hirohito Sone
RATIONALE: Myeloid sarcoma (MS) and leukemia cutis (LC) are extramedullary tumors comprising myeloid blasts. They can occur de novo or concurrently with hematological disorders, usually acute myeloid leukemia (AML). AML chemotherapy is generally the initial therapy for MS and LC, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can be considered as additional therapy. However, treatment for older patients who are unable to continue intensive chemotherapy is not currently standardized...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879704/a-case-of-cutaneous-involvement-in-t-lymphoblastic-lymphoma-leukemia
#14
Ling Zhang, Yunxin Zeng, Na Cheng, Xiaoyun Liu, Xiaoqing Li, Bing Long, Dongjun Lin
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous involvement is more prevalent in B lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LBL) than T lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL). The authors describe a rare case of cutaneous involvement in a 25-year-old woman with T lymphoblastic lymphoma leukemia. METHODS: Hematologic investigation, bone marrow aspirate and biopsy, cytogenetic analysis and cutaneous lesion biopsy were performed. RESULTS: The patient achieved complete remission after induction therapy with the regimen of CHOEP + P, then received another CHOEP + P regimen...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876272/intramedullary-nail-fixation-of-atypical-femur-fractures-with-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-leads-to-faster-union-a-case-control-study-erratum
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874654/agranulocytosis-induced-by-sinomenine-hydrochloride
#16
Juerong Chen, Bing Zhong, Yong Wang
BACKGROUND Sinomenine hydrochloride is an alkaloid that is extracted from the Chinese herbal plant Sinomenium acutum, and is used as a herbal medicine in the treatment or rheumatic disease. This report is the first to describe a case of sinomenine hydrochloride-induced agranulocytosis. CASE REPORT A 44-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and systemic sclerosis (SSc) was treated with sinomenine hydrochloride and developed agranulocytosis with a neutrophil count of 0.01×10^9/L. She subsequently developed an opportunistic bacterial infection...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872489/a-case-of-pure-red-cell-aplasia-during-nivolumab-therapy-for-cardiac-metastatic-melanoma
#17
Akihiko Yuki, Tatsuya Takenouchi, Sumiko Takatsuka, Takuro Ishiguro
Nivolumab is an antibody against programmed cell death 1 and functions as an immune checkpoint inhibitor for various malignancies, including unresectable melanomas. Nivolumab causes several immune-related adverse events, which typically include skin rash, pneumonitis, thyroid dysfunction, hepatitis, and colitis; in rare cases, anemia may be present. There are several reports of autoimmune hemolytic anemia that has developed in response to nivolumab; however, there are few reports of pure red cell aplasia (PRCA)...
September 1, 2017: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871612/a-short-cut-diagnostic-tool-in-cystinosis-bone-marrow-aspiration
#18
Serra Sürmeli Döven, Ali Delibaş, Uğur Raşit Karacan, Selma Ünal
BACKGROUND: Cystinosis is a rare metabolic genetic disorder caused by a mutation in the cystinosin lysosomal cystine transporter (CTNS) gene. The diagnosis of nephropathic cystinosis (NC) is made by observing corneal cystine crystals and/or measuring the cystine content of leukocytes. Analysis by the CTNS gene mutation confirms the diagnosis of cystinosis. But leukocyte cystine level measurement and CTNS gene analysis haven't been widely available and cystine crystals in the cornea may not be apparent in the first months of life...
September 4, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862206/lysosomal-storage-disorders-morphologic-appraisal-in-indian-population
#19
Dinesh Pradhan, Neelam Varma, Ashmita Gami, Kanwaljeet Singh Hura, Sambit K Mohanty
BACKGROUND: Lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) comprise a group of at least 50 distinct genetic diseases, each one resulting from the deficiency of a particular lysosomal enzyme involved in metabolism. We attempt to study and further subclassify pediatric LSDs into Gaucher's and non-Gaucher's category based on the morphologic variables seen in the bone marrow aspiration smears and trephine biopsy sections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pediatric (<12 years age) cases of LSDs diagnosed by bone marrow aspiration and trephine biopsy specimens, in the last 12 years period, were retrieved...
July 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856217/pcr-based-amplification-of-circulating-rnas-as-prognostic-and-predictive-biomarkers-focus-on-neuroblastoma
#20
Sam C Brownhill, Sue A Burchill
Metastatic disease is a major challenge for cancer cure, haematogenous spread and subsequent growth of tumour cells at distant sites being the cause of most cancer deaths. Molecular characterization and detection of the tumour cells responsible for haematogenous spread may increase understanding of the biology of metastasis, help improve patient management and allow evaluation of novel treatments to prevent and eradicate this disease. The bone marrow is a common site to which tumour cells metastasize, from which they may re-circulate to other organs with a favourable microenvironment for growth...
April 2017: Pract Lab Med
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