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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319141/heightened-clinical-utility-of-smartphone-versus-body-worn-inertial-system-for-shoulder-function-b-b-score
#1
Claude Pichonnaz, Kamiar Aminian, Céline Ancey, Hervé Jaccard, Estelle Lécureux, Cyntia Duc, Alain Farron, Brigitte M Jolles, Nigel Gleeson
BACKGROUND: The B-B Score is a straightforward kinematic shoulder function score including only two movements (hand to the Back + lift hand as to change a Bulb) that demonstrated sound measurement properties for patients for various shoulder pathologies. However, the B-B Score results using a smartphone or a reference system have not yet been compared. Provided that the measurement properties are comparable, the use of a smartphone would offer substantial practical advantages. This study investigated the concurrent validity of a smartphone and a reference inertial system for the measurement of the kinematic shoulder function B-B Score...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317331/survival-and-testing-parameters-of-zirconia-based-crowns-under-cyclic-loading-in-an-aqueous-environment-a-systematic-review
#2
Shareen Hayel Elshiyab, Noor Nawafleh, Roy George
AIM: To study the hypothesis that in vitro fatigue testing variables in an aqueous environment affect the survival results of zirconia-based restorations, and evaluate the level of agreement between in vitro and previous in vivo data. METHODS: An electronic search of literature was conducted in PubMed and Scopus to identify in vitro studies testing zirconia-based crowns using cyclic loading in an aqueous environment. Only studies that complied with the inclusion criteria were included...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302613/prognostic-predictors-of-visual-outcome-in-open-globe-injury-emphasis-on-facial-ct-findings
#3
U K Bodanapally, H Addis, D Dreizin, A K Reddy, J A Margo, K L Archer-Arroyo, S Feldman, B Saboury, K Sudini, O Saeedi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The present prognostic models for open globe injuries have a limited ability to predict visual outcome before a comprehensive ophthalmologic examination or operation because they depend on the data derived from the ophthalmologic examination and intraoperative findings. The purpose of our study was to determine the specific CT and preoperative clinical data that can predict the prognosis of open globe injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the relationship of 29 variables derived from clinical and CT data from 97 globe injuries with visual acuity at 1 month...
March 16, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296780/type-iii-monteggia-fracture-with-posterior-interosseous-nerve-injury-in-a-child-a-case-report
#4
Jing Wang, Min Chen, Jiang Du
RATIONALE: Elbow injury in children by improper treatment or a delay of more than 3 weeks could lead to old unreduced Monteggia fracture, which are difficult to manage. Conservative or normal surgical methods usually fail. PATIENT CONCERNS: Herein, we present a 6-year-old boy with sustaining injury approximately 1 month to his left elbow. Activity in his elbow was restricted, and his ability to extend his wrist and fingers was impaired. DIAGNOSES: Type III Monteggia elbow fracture-dislocation consisting of radial head dislocation and malunion of the ulna associated with posterior interosseous nerve palsy were confirmed, which requiring surgical treatment...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294978/discriminative-features-in-three-autosomal-recessive-cutis-laxa-syndromes-cutis-laxa-iia-cutis-laxa-iib-and-geroderma-osteoplastica
#5
REVIEW
Ariana Kariminejad, Fariba Afroozan, Bita Bozorgmehr, Alireza Ghanadan, Susan Akbaroghli, Hamid Reza Khorram Khorshid, Faezeh Mojahedi, Aria Setoodeh, Abigail Loh, Yu Xuan Tan, Nathalie Escande-Beillard, Fransiska Malfait, Bruno Reversade, Thatjana Gardeitchik, Eva Morava
Cutis laxa is a heterogeneous condition characterized by redundant, sagging, inelastic, and wrinkled skin. The inherited forms of this disease are rare and can have autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, or X-linked inheritance. Three of the autosomal recessive cutis laxa syndromes, namely cutis laxa IIA (ARCL2A), cutis laxa IIB (ARCL2B), and geroderma osteodysplastica (GO), have very similar clinical features, complicating accurate diagnosis. Individuals with these conditions often present with cutis laxa, progeroid features, and hyperextensible joints...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293333/percutaneous-cannulated-compression-screw-osteosynthesis-in-phalanx-fractures-the-surgical-technique-the-indications-and-the-results
#6
Eirini Liodaki, Tobias Kisch, Eike Wenzel, Peter Mailänder, Felix Stang
Objective: Fractures of metacarpals and phalanges are very common fractures, and there are a lot of treatment modalities. The purpose of the study was to describe the technique of percutaneous fixation of phalangeal fractures using a cannulated compression screw fixation system and its results. Methods: We conducted a prospective clinical study on 43 patients with different types of phalangeal fractures undergoing a percutaneous cannulated compression screw osteosynthesis. Parameters such as average operation time and clinical outcome were evaluated postoperatively...
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291522/fractures-and-dislocations-of-the-hand-in-polytrauma-patients-incidence-injury-pattern-and-functional-outcome
#7
Steven Ferree, Quirine M J van der Vliet, Mark van Heijl, Roderick M Houwert, Luke P H Leenen, Falco Hietbrink
INTRODUCTION: Injuries of the hand can cause significant functional impairment, diminished quality of life and delayed return to work. However, the incidence and functional outcome of hand injuries in polytrauma patients is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, distribution and functional outcome of fractures and dislocation of the hand in polytrauma patients. METHODS: A single centre retrospective cohort study was performed at a level 1 trauma centre...
March 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291436/the-effects-of-radial-bowing-and-complications-in-intramedullary-nail-fixation-of-adult-forearm-fractures
#8
Ali Çağdaş Yörükoğlu, Ahmet Fahir Demirkan, Alp Akman, Ali Kitiş, Hande Usta
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the effects of radial bowing changes on fracture healing and functional results in adult forearm intramedullary nail applications and complications of forearm nails that have been discussed rarely in the literature. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients -11 with isolated radius and 12 with both radius and ulna fractures- (17 males, 6 females; mean age 38.6 years; range 18 to 69 years) who were operated between September 2009 and August 2014 were included in the study...
April 2017: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290758/similar-1-year-subjective-outcome-after-a-distal-radius-fracture-during-the-10-year-period-2003-2012
#9
Marcus Landgren, Antonio Abramo, Mats Geijer, Philippe Kopylov, Magnus Tägil
Background and purpose - During the last decades, treatment of distal radius fractures (DRFs) has changed, with surgical intervention being more common and with new techniques. We investigated whether this change has influenced the subjective outcome. Here we report, year by year, the 1-year score after a DRF over a 10-year-period, using a patient-reported outcome measure. Patients and methods - Patients aged 18 years or more with a DRF between 2003 and 2012 were prospectively and consecutively registered in a longitudinal outcome database...
March 14, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286623/effective-management-of-bone-fractures-with-the-illuminoss%C3%A2-photodynamic-bone-stabilization-system-initial-clinical-experience-from-the-european-union-registry
#10
Thomas Gausepohl, Dietmar Pennig, Steffen Heck, Sascha Gick, Paul A Vegt, Jon E Block
The IlluminOss(®) system (IS) uses a light-curable polymer contained within an inflatable balloon catheter, forming a patient customized intramedullary implant. A registry was established in Germany and The Netherlands to prospectively collect technical and clinical outcomes in patients treated with IS for fractures of the phalange, metacarpal, radius, ulna, distal radius, fibula, clavicle and/or olecranon. Humeral, femoral, tibial and pelvic fractures were included under compassionate use. Procedural success included successful placement of the device at the target fracture site and achievement of fracture stabilization...
February 20, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284540/the-nature-of-osteoporotic-low-back-pain-without-acute-vertebral-fracture-a-prospective-multicenter-study-on-the-analgesic-effect-of-monthly-minodronic-acid-hydrate
#11
Kazuki Fujimoto, Kazuhide Inage, Sumihisa Orita, Masaomi Yamashita, Koki Abe, Masatsune Yamagata, Takeshi Sainoh, Tsutomu Akazawa, Tomoaki Kinoshita, Tetsuharu Nemoto, Jiro Hirayama, Yasuaki Murata, Toshiaki Kotani, Yasuchika Aoki, Yawara Eguchi, Takeshi Sakuma, Takahito Aihara, Tetsuhiro Ishikawa, Kaoru Suseki, Eiji Hanaoka, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Gou Kubota, Miyako Suzuki, Jun Sato, Yasuhiro Shiga, Hirohito Kanamoto, Masahiro Inoue, Hideyuki Kinoshita, Masao Koda, Takeo Furuya, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: Patients with osteoporosis but no evidence of fracture can sometimes report low back pain. However, few studies have evaluated the nature of osteoporotic low back pain in a clinical situation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the nature of osteoporotic low back pain without fracture, and the analgesic effect of minodronic acid hydrate on such pain. METHODS: The current study examined 136 patients with osteoporotic low back pain and no lower extremity symptoms...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282998/non-traumatic-vertebral-lesions-incremental-utility-of-pet-ct-over-mri-and-fnac-in-a-suggested-diagnostic-algorithm
#12
Rajesh Meena, Ashish Aggarwal, Anish Bhattacharya, Vivek Gupta, Sivashanmugam Dhandapani, Rajesh Chhabra
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively compare positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) with conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and FNAC for diagnosis of non- traumatic vertebral lesions fracture in countries like India where tuberculosis is endemic. METHODS: Fifty four patients with non-traumatic spontaneous vertebral lesions were prospectively studied. All patients underwent CEMRI focusing on the spinal lesions, whole-body PET-CT and FNAC.Results were then analysed and compared with final diagnosis obtained either by FNAC or clinical follow up...
March 10, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282160/fast-dynamics-of-water-droplets-freezing-from-the-outside-in
#13
Sander Wildeman, Sebastian Sterl, Chao Sun, Detlef Lohse
A drop of water that freezes from the outside in presents an intriguing problem: the expansion of water upon freezing is incompatible with the self-confinement by a rigid ice shell. Using high-speed imaging we show that this conundrum is resolved through an intermittent fracturing of the brittle ice shell and cavitation in the enclosed liquid, culminating in an explosion of the partially frozen droplet. We propose a basic model to elucidate the interplay between a steady buildup of stresses and their fast release...
February 24, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275848/-reliability-of-venous-blood-gas-analysis-and-radionuclide-angiography-in-post-traumatic-dystrophy
#14
A Scola, E Scola
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis "post-traumatic dystrophy" (PTD) was first defined with clinical and paraclinical criteria by Scola et al. in 2013. OBJECTIVES: The objectivity and reliability of the paraclinical criteria (venous blood gas analysis [vBGA], radionuclide angiography [RNA]), and recommendations for therapy should be assessed in a prospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In five patients with clinical signs of post-traumatic nonbacterial inflammation of the hand, both diagnosis and a 3‑week hospital treatment were carried out in accordance with the publication mentioned above...
March 8, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274036/effect-of-instrumentation-length-and-instrumentation-systems-hand-versus-rotary-files-on-apical-crack-formation-an-in-vitro-study
#15
Madhuri R Devale, M C Mahesh, Shreetha Bhandary
INTRODUCTION: Stresses generated during root canal instrumentation have been reported to cause apical cracks. The smaller, less pronounced defects like cracks can later propagate into vertical root fracture, when the tooth is subjected to repeated stresses from endodontic or restorative procedures. AIM: This study evaluated occurrence of apical cracks with stainless steel hand files, rotary NiTi RaCe and K3 files at two different instrumentation lengths. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present in vitro study, 60 mandibular premolars were mounted in resin blocks with simulated periodontal ligament...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274010/radiological-outcomes-of-distal-radius-fractures-managed-with-2-7mm-volar-locking-plate-fixation-a-retrospective-analysis
#16
Prem Kotian, Srikanth Mudiganty, Rajendra Annappa, Jose Austine
INTRODUCTION: Distal radius fractures accounts for around 15% of all fractures diagnosed and treated in the emergency rooms. These fractures usually result secondary to high velocity injury such as a motor vehicle accident or fall on an out stretched hand. In the elderly, it is a common fragility fracture. Volar Locking Compression Plates (LCP) is effective devices for fixation of the distal radius fractures. There is a lacuna with regard to literature on the 2.7 mm volar LCP and the current study retrospectively assesses the postoperative radiological outcomes...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274008/to-operate-or-not-to-operate-the-mid-shaft-fractures-of-the-clavicle-a-comparative-study-of-functional-outcomes-of-the-two-methods-of-management
#17
Sanath Kumar Shetty, Ragesh Chandran, Arjun Ballal, Lawrence John Mathias, Anoop Hegde, Ashwin Shetty
INTRODUCTION: Fractures of the clavicle are some of the most common fractures which are seen in the adult population. Mid-shaft fractures of the clavicle are considered the most common form of clavicle fractures and about half of them are displaced fractures. They have been managed non-operatively over the years. However, severe displacement and comminution of these fractures have warranted the requirement of operative intervention, due to increased incidence of mal-union, worsening of shoulder functions etc...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271088/axillary-artery-injury-associated-with-proximal-humerus-fracture-a-report-of-6-cases
#18
Rinne M Peters, Mariano E Menendez, Jos J Mellema, David Ring, R Malcolm Smith
Proximal humerus fractures are common, but associated injury of the axillary artery is uncommon. The majority of published blunt traumatic axillary artery injuries are associated with anterior glenohumeral dislocation; a few are associated with isolated proximal humerus fractures or fracture-dislocation. Experience within our institution demonstrates that axillary artery injury is often unrecognized on initial presentation owing to palpable peripheral pulses and the absence of ischemia and places the hand at risk of necrosis and amputation if there is prolonged ischemia and the forearm at risk of compartment syndrome after revascularization...
January 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271081/qualitative-evaluation-of-digital-hand-x-rays-is-not-a-reliable-method-to-assess-bone-mineral-density
#19
Andrew J Miller, Christopher Jones, Frederick Liss, Jack Abboudi, William Kirkpatrick, Pedro Beredjiklian
BACKGROUND: The gold standard for evaluating bone mineral density is dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Prior studies have shown poor reliability using analog wrist X-rays in diagnosing osteoporosis. Our goal was to investigate if there was improved diagnostic value to visual assessment of digital hand X-rays in osteoporosis screening. We hypothesized that similar to analog counterparts, digital hand X-rays have poor correlation and reliability in determining bone mineral density (BMD) relative to DEXA...
January 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264058/vibration-acceleration-promotes-bone-formation-in-rodent-models
#20
Ryohei Uchida, Ken Nakata, Fuminori Kawano, Yasukazu Yonetani, Issei Ogasawara, Naoya Nakai, Tatsuo Mae, Tomohiko Matsuo, Yuta Tachibana, Hiroyuki Yokoi, Hideki Yoshikawa
All living tissues and cells on Earth are subject to gravitational acceleration, but no reports have verified whether acceleration mode influences bone formation and healing. Therefore, this study was to compare the effects of two acceleration modes, vibration and constant (centrifugal) accelerations, on bone formation and healing in the trunk using BMP 2-induced ectopic bone formation (EBF) mouse model and a rib fracture healing (RFH) rat model. Additionally, we tried to verify the difference in mechanism of effect on bone formation by accelerations between these two models...
2017: PloS One
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