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(Ankle OR malleolar OR Calcaneus OR talus) AND fracture

Oren Schwartz, Itzik Malka, Cara H Olsen, Israel Dudkiewicz, Tarif Bader
Introduction: Integration of females in combat units poses a unique challenge for army commanders around the world. The purpose of this study is to provide a detailed up-to-date situation report regarding overuse injuries among combat female warriors in the IDF (Israeli Defense Forces) in order to enable evidence-based decision-making, prevention policy, and further research of this highly significant military public health issue. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted including 2,519 females recruited to combat duties during the year of 2013...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Tayfun Bacaksız, Cemal Kazimoglu, Ali Reisoglu, Ali Turgut, Erdem Kumtepe, Haluk Agus
BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive technique (percutaneous screw fixation) is one of the options for treating tongue-type IIC fractures successfully. The aim of this study was to assess the biomechanics of four different screw configurations used for the fixation of tongue-type IIC calcaneal fractures. METHODS: Identical osteotomies, recapitulating a type IIC injury, were created in synthetic calcaneus specimens using a saw. The specimens were randomly assigned to one of the four fixation groups (n = 7 per group): two divergent screws, two parallel screws, two parallel screws plus one screw axially oriented toward the sustentaculum tali, and three parallel screws...
January 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Jun Bian, Dan Cao, Jie Shen, Bo Jiang, Dan Chen, Lanzheng Bian
N-methyl pyrrolidone (NMP), a small bioactive molecule, has the potential to stimulate bone formation and inhibit osteoclast differentiation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of NMP on the inflammatory response and underlying molecular mechanisms in MG-63 cells. The mRNA and protein expression of cytokines from peripheral blood in children with or without ankle fracture were determined by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and ELISA, respectively...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Aoife Healy, Sybil Farmer, Anand Pandyan, Nachiappan Chockalingam
BACKGROUND: Assistive products are items which allow older people and people with disabilities to be able to live a healthy, productive and dignified life. It has been estimated that approximately 1.5% of the world's population need a prosthesis or orthosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically identify and review the evidence from randomized controlled trials assessing effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of prosthetic and orthotic interventions...
2018: PloS One
Zhi-Peng Wu, Peng-Tao Chen, Jin-Shan He, Jing-Cheng Wang
The distal tibiofibular syndesmosis is a critical structure in maintaining the ankle stability. Syndesmotic injuries are usually associated with ankle fractures and high fibula fractures. Non-isolated and partially isolated syndesmotic injuries are involved in unstable injuries, which need to operative treatment. Partially isolated syndesmotic injuries belong to stable injuries, which should be treated with non-operative management. It is becoming clear that early fixation and stabilization for unstable injuries are probably better than non-treatment or delayed treatment...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Mark C Lawlor, Melissa A Kluczynski, John M Marzo
BACKGROUND: The utility of computed tomography (CT) for measuring medial clear space (MCS) for determination of the stability of supination external rotation (SER) ankle fractures and in comparison to standard radiographs is unknown. We compared MCS on gravity stress (GS) radiographs to GS and weight bearing (WB) cone-beam CT (CBCT). METHODS: An AO SER 44B3.1 ankle fracture was simulated in 10 human cadavers, also serving as controls. MCS was measured on GS radiographs, GS CBCT, and a simulated WB CBCT scan...
March 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Lukas Ernstbrunner, Eva Schulz, Matthaeus Ernstbrunner, Thomas Hoffelner, Thomas Freude, Herbert Resch, Maximilian Haas
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about injuries in canyoning. It was the purpose of this study to determine injury rates, patterns, causes and risk factors in canyoning; and to identify targets for future injury prevention strategies. METHODS: From May to October 2015, 109 participants from 17 different countries were prospectively followed via a monthly e-mail-based questionnaire. RESULTS: During 13,690 h of canyoning, 57 injury-events occurred...
March 6, 2018: Injury
Jasmin Diallo, Joe Wagener, Christine Schweizer, Tamara Horn Lang, Roxa Ruiz, Beat Hintermann
BACKGROUND: An acute ankle sprain can result in a bony avulsion of the lateral ankle ligaments. The extent of concomitant lesions and subsequent instability patterns are not clearly understood. The high incidence of old avulsion fractures found in symptomatic chronic ankle instability may indicate the need for primary fixation. METHODS: Ten patients (5 male, 5 female; mean age, 34 years; range, 15-64 years) with bony avulsion fractures of the fibula after acute ankle sprains were included...
March 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Anouar Bourghli, Safwat Abouhashem, Rami Abo Wali, Ibrahim Obeid, Louis Boissiere, Jean-Marc Vital, Mohammed Al Sarawan
PURPOSE: Gunshot injury to the spine can be devastating, and it has increased in the civilian population during the last decade. METHODS: We present the case of a 30-year-old male, who received a bullet in his back after exchange of fire with the police. Initial assessment revealed paraparesis with cerebrospinal fluid leak (CSF) from the bullet entry hole, CT scan showed metal debris with two bullet fragments in the L5/S1 right foramen and lateral recess, and another fragment in the central canal posteriorly, and also it revealed two fracture lines creating a right L5 "floating pedicle"...
March 10, 2018: European Spine Journal
Lin Wang, Yingze Zhang, Zhaohui Song, Hengrui Chang, Ye Tian, Fei Zhang
PURPOSE: To describe and evaluate the novel method of using elastic bionic fixation device in treating the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis (DTS) injury. METHODS: From June 2013 to January 2014, 17 subjects with ankle fractures combined with DTS separation were treated by the elastic bionic fixation device. The syndesmotic parameters, healing, functional scores, and possible complications were recorded. RESULTS: All patients had a mean follow-up of 23...
March 9, 2018: International Orthopaedics
J Diranzo-García, X Bertó-Martí, L Castillo-Ruiperez, V Estrems-Díaz, L Hernández-Ferrando, J Villodre-Jiménez, A Bru-Pomer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of surgical treatment of intraarticular calcaneal fractures, and also to analyze the variables that influence the final clinical and radiological outcomes as well as the complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 86 intraarticular calcaneal fractures in 78 patients, who underwent surgery with an extended lateral approach and reconstruction plate. The mean age was 48 years (16-74 years) and the mean follow-up was 4...
March 6, 2018: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
Jen-Ta Shih, Chun-Lin Kuo, Tsu-Te Yeh, Hsain-Chung Shen, Ru-Yu Pan, Chia-Chun Wu
BACKGROUND: The ideal treatment for comminuted intraarticular calcaneal fractures is still debated. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is the most popular surgical procedure; however, wound complications, implant choice, and infection remain major concerns. This study aimed to demonstrate the results of an innovative, minimally invasive surgical procedure, namely, a closed reduction technique using large-diameter Steinmann pins and percutaneous calcaneoplasty using injectable calcium sulfate cement (MIIG X3, Wright Medical Technology, Inc...
March 9, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Rajat Mittal, David Drynan, Ian A Harris, Justine M Naylor
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aims to determine the effectiveness of surgical and non-surgical management for the type B ankle fracture with minimal talar shift. METHODS: Two authors independently systematically searched the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL. Only randomized controlled trials were included that evaluated surgical versus non-surgical management of type B ankle fracture with minimal talar shift in adults. Two authors independently performed study selection, risk of bias assessment and data extraction...
March 8, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
M M Rius-Zavala, F I Gil-Orbezo, C A Trueba-Davalillo, C Trueba-Vasavilbaso, M Acuña-Tovar
BACKGROUND: Ten percent of all ankle fractures, 20% of the fractures treated surgically, and 1-18% of all sprains involve a syndesmosis injury. The methods used for reduction are metal or bioabsorbable syndesmotic set screws, direct repair, and sutures with or without buttons. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical function of patients who sustained Weber B ankle fractures and were treated with the TightRope system or a syndesmotic set screw. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational, comparative, cross-sectional study was conducted between March 2012 and March 2015...
September 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
Adeel Anwar, Zhen Zhang, Decheng Lv, Gang Lv, Zhi Zhao, Yanfeng Wang, Yue Cai, Wasim Qasim, Muhammad Umar Nazir, Ming Lu
BACKGROUND: Clinically there are different fixation methods used for fixation of the posterior malleolar fractures (PMF), but the best treatment modality is still not clear. Few studies have concentrated on this issue, least of all using a biomechanical comparison. The purpose of this study was to carry out a computational comparative biomechanics of three different commonly used fixation constructs for the fixation of PMF by finite element analysis (FEA). METHODS: Computed tomography (CT) images were used to reconstruct three dimensional (3D) model of the tibia...
March 6, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
C S Florio
A computational model was used to compare the local bone strengthening effectiveness of various isometric exercises that may reduce the likelihood of distal tibial stress fractures. The developed model predicts local endosteal and periosteal cortical accretion and resorption based on relative local and global measures of the tibial stress state and its surface variation. Using a multisegment three-dimensional leg model, tibia shape adaptations due to thirty-three combinations of hip, knee, and ankle joint angles and the direction of a single or sequential series of generated isometric resultant forces were predicted...
March 5, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Christiane Kruppa, Tyler Snoap, Debra L Sietsema, Thomas A Schildhauer, Marcel Dudda, Clifford B Jones
The outcomes of pediatric talus fractures have been minimally reported in published studies. The purpose of the present retrospective study was to determine the clinical and radiographic outcomes after talus fractures in pediatric and adolescent patients and to define the differences among the different age groups in this population. A total of 52 children and adolescents (54 fractures) with 24 type 1 (44.44%), 13 type 2 (24.07%), 8 type 3 (14.81%), and 9 type 4 (16.67%) Marti-Weber fractures were considered...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Sarah J Allison, Katherine Brooke-Wavell, Jonathan Folland
High impact exercise programmes can improve bone strength, but little is known about whether this type of training further benefits fracture risk by improving physical function in older people. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the influence of high impact exercise on balance, muscle function and morphology in older men. METHODS: Fifty, healthy men (65-80 years) were assigned to a 6-month multidirectional hopping programme (TG) and twenty age and physical activity matched volunteers served as controls (CG)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
Jose A Blanco, Gemma Slater, Jitendra Mangwani
The incidence of venous thromboembolic (VTE) events (deep vein thrombophlebitis [DVT] or pulmonary embolism [PE]) in foot and ankle trauma has been low, and the risk/benefit ratio associated with chemoprophylaxis is controversial. We compared the 90-day incidence of VTE events in 3 cohorts: group 1, tendo-Achillis (TA) ruptures managed with full weightbearing in a walker boot; group 2, ankle fractures immobilized non-weightbearing in a below-the-knee cast; and group 3, ankle fractures managed surgically, followed by non-weightbearing in a below-the-knee cast...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
David Drynan, Milford McArthur, Ashray Vohora, Darren Hinton, Grant Menegon, Matthew P R Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Surgical planning in trauma is essential for optimal patient care and best patient outcomes. Digital radiography has improved the availability, convenience and access to radiographs worldwide as used in every trauma centre in Australia. One shortcoming, however, is the variability in magnification error associated with different anatomic regions. Accurate assessment of radiographs is paramount to proper surgical planning. METHODS: A retrospective review of 513 post-operative trauma radiographs of implants at a single centre, collected from January 2015 to August 2016, was measured by the four individual investigators...
March 1, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
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