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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453642/repeated-closed-reduction-attempts-of-distal-radius-fractures-in-the-emergency-department
#1
Haggai Schermann, Assaf Kadar, Oleg Dolkart, Franck Atlan, Yishai Rosenblatt, Tamir Pritsch
INTRODUCTION: Repeated attempts of closed reduction of distal radius fractures (DRF) are performed in the emergency department setting to optimize fracture alignment and avoid surgery. The additional manipulation of the fracture may, however, increase dorsal comminution and lead to loss of reduction in the cast. This retrospective cohort study has investigated the effect of second reduction attempt on fracture alignment and comminution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six-hundred-eighteen patients with DRF were treated in the medical center in 2007-2010...
February 16, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442213/elbow-injuries-in-the-adolescent-thrower
#2
REVIEW
Timothy B Griffith, James Kercher, S Clifton Willimon, Crystal Perkins, Xavier A Duralde
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With an increasing rate of adolescent elbow injuries, especially in throwing athletes, the purpose of this review is to investigate the current literature regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and non-operative and operative outcomes of medial epicondyle fractures, ulnar collateral ligament repair, osteochondritis dissecans of the elbow, and olecranon stress fractures. RECENT FINDINGS: Acceptable outcomes with both non-operative and operative treatments of medial epicondyle fractures have been reported, with surgical indications continuing to evolve...
February 14, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440906/percutaneous-autologous-bone-marrow-transplantation-for-the-treatment-of-delayed-union-of-limb-bone-in-children
#3
Jun Wu, Hongxi Guo, Xing Liu, Ming Li, Yujiang Cao, Xiangyang Qu, Hai Zhou, Liuqi Weng
Background and purpose: Percutaneous autologous bone marrow transplantation (PABMT) is a minimally invasive therapeutic strategy for the treatment of delayed bone union in adults, which has been confirmed by many studies. However, there is no report on PABMT application in pediatric orthopedic surgery. The aim of this article was to analyze the therapeutic effect of PABMT in children with delayed union of limb bone and its influence in relation to delayed bone union therapy, transplantation period, patients' sex, fracture location, and fracture fixation...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439698/a-retrospective-analysis-of-bone-mineral-status-in-patients-requiring-spinal-surgery
#4
Tobias Schmidt, Katharina Ebert, Tim Rolvien, Nicola Oehler, Jens Lohmann, Luca Papavero, Ralph Kothe, Michael Amling, Florian Barvencik, Haider Mussawy
BACKGROUND: Impaired bone quality is associated with poor outcome of spinal surgery. The aim of the study was to assess the bone mineral status of patients scheduled to undergo spinal surgery and to report frequencies of bone mineral disorders. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the bone mineral status of 144 patients requiring spinal surgery including bone mineral density by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as well as laboratory data with serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH-D), parathyroid hormone, calcium, bone specific alkaline phosphate, osteocalcin, and gastrin...
February 13, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439370/the-biomechanical-analysis-of-three-dimensional-distal-radius-fracture-model-with-different-fixed-splints
#5
Zhen Hua, Jian-Wei Wang, Zhen-Fei Lu, Jian-Wei Ma, Heng Yin
BACKGROUND: The distal radius fracture is one of the common clinical fractures. At present, there are no reports regarding application of the finite element method in studying the mechanism of Colles fracture and the biomechanical behavior when using splint fixation. OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of Colles fracture and the biomechanical behavior when using different fixed splints. METHODS: Based on the CT scanning images of forearm for a young female volunteer, by using model construction technology combined with RPOE and ANSYS software, a 3-D distal radius fracture forearm finite element model with a real shape and bioactive materials is built...
January 30, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438391/hearing-impairment-increases-the-risk-of-distal-radius-hip-and-spine-fractures-a-longitudinal-follow-up-study-using-a-national-sample-cohort
#6
So Young Kim, Joon Kyu Lee, Songyong Sim, Hyo Geun Choi
OBJECTIVE: Hearing impairment has been suggested to increase the risk of falls. However, most previous studies were conducted in an older population without classification of the fracture regions. This study aimed to delineate the risk of each fracture type in all age populations. METHODS: The Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort was collected from 2002 to 2013. A total of 4,854 severe hearing-impaired and 1,354 profound hearing-impaired participants were matched for age, group, sex, income group, and region of residence with 19,416 and 5,416 control participants, respectively...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435659/teenagers-and-young-adults-with-nephropathic-cystinosis-display-significant-bone-disease-and-cortical-impairment
#7
Aurélia Bertholet-Thomas, Debora Claramunt-Taberner, Ségolène Gaillard, Georges Deschênes, Elisabeth Sornay-Rendu, Pawel Szulc, Martine Cohen-Solal, Solenne Pelletier, Marie-Christine Carlier, Pierre Cochat, Justine Bacchetta
BACKGROUND: Bone impairment appears to be a novel complication of nephropathic cystinosis despite cysteamine therapy. Its exact underlying pathophysiology is nevertheless unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate bone status among patients included in the French Crystobs study. METHODS: In addition to clinical data, bone status was evaluated using biomarkers (ALP, PTH, 25-D, 1-25D, FGF23), DXA (spine and total body), and high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) at the tibia and radius...
February 12, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431298/radiographic-measurements-following-surgery-for-distal-radius-fractures-in-an-israeli-population
#8
Alan Katz, Amanda Almakias, Ronit Wollstein
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the distal radius are the most common fractures in the upper extremity, and their incidence is increasing with the aging of the population. Despite anatomical reduction of the bones, many patients complain of residual pain. A reason for this may be ligament injury not addressed during surgery or conservative treatment. Radiographic measurements may allow assessment of ligament integrity but they may be population specific and differ among races. OBJECTIVES: To assess radiographic wrist measurements in an Israeli population and to compare them to existing values...
February 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429777/effects-of-surgical-and-nonoperative-treatment-on-wrist-function-of-patients-with-distal-radius-fracture
#9
Peng Zhang, Bo Jia, Xiao-Kun Chen, Yu Wang, Wei Huang, Tian-Bing Wang
PURPOSE: To study the effects of surgical and nonoperative treatment on wrist function in patients with distal radius fracture. METHODS: In total, 97 patients treated for distal radius fracture in the Department of Orthopedic Trauma at the People's Hospital of Peking University from Jan. 2010 to Jun. 2016 were selected for outpatient follow-up, including manipulative reduction and dorsal splint fixation in 24 cases, bivalve cast fixation in 19 cases and open reduction and internal fixation in 54 cases...
February 8, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429577/epidemiology-of-distal-radius-fractures-in-polytrauma-patients-and-the-influence-of-high-traumatic-energy-transfer
#10
Steven Ferree, Quirine M J van der Vliet, Femke Nawijn, Abhiram R Bhashyam, Roderick M Houwert, Luke P H Leenen, Falco Hietbrink
INTRODUCTION: For several extremity fractures differences in morphology, incidence rate and functional outcome were found when polytrauma patients were compared to patients with an isolated injury. This is not proven for distal radius fractures (DRF). Therefore, this study aimed to analyse fracture morphology in relation to energy transfer in both poly- and mono-trauma patients with a DRF. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. All patients aged 16 years and older with a DRF were included...
February 5, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426604/damage-in-a-distal-radius-fracture-model-treated-with-locked-volar-plating-after-simulated-postoperative-loading
#11
Christina Salas, Justin A Brantley, James Clark, Mahmoud Reda Taha, Deana M Mercer, Orrin B Myers
PURPOSE: "Damage" is an engineering term defining a period between a state of material perfection and the onset of crack initiation. Clinically, it is a loss of fixation due to microstructural breakdown, indirectly measured as a reduction of stiffness of the bone-implant construct, normalized by the cross-sectional area and length of the bone. The purpose of this study was to characterize damage in a cadaver model of extra-articular distal radius fracture with dorsal comminution treated using 2-column volar distal radius plates...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424173/-meta-analysis-of-clinical-effects-between-intramedullary-nail-and-volar-plate-internal-fixation-for-distal-radius-fractures
#12
Bin-Bin Niu, Yang Zhang, Dong Wang, Zheng-Chao Gao, Wen-Long Yang, Ping-Lin Yang, Xi-Jing He
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate curative effects of intramedullary nail and volar plate internal fixation for distal radius fractures. METHODS: The studies concerning about randomized controlled trial of intramedullary nail and volar plate internal fixation for distal radius fractures from create database to May, 2016 were searched from PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, Wan Fang data and VIP. Information was screen and taken out according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, quality of literature was evaluated according to Cochrane Handbook evaluating system...
June 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424170/-risk-factors-of-radius-shortening-in-adult-with-distal-radius-fracture-after-conservative-treatment
#13
Jian-Min Lyu, Xiao-Yong Lin, Jia-Hao Lin
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the of risk factors of radius shortening in adult with distal radius fracture after conservative treatment by Logistic analysis. METHODS: From May 2009 to March 2015, 137 adults patients with distal radius fracture treated by conservative treatment were retrospective analyzed, and 36 patients occurred radius shortening, including 7 males and 29 females with an average age of (58.33±14.06) years old, 8 patients were type A, 34 patients were type B and 12 patients were type C according to fracture classification; 101 patients were without radius shortening, including 23 males and 78 females with an average age of (52...
June 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424155/-clinical-observation-on-the-effect-of-joint-mobilization-in-treating-elderly-patients-after-distal-radius-fractures-operation
#14
Xue-Feng Jia, Hong-Xin Cai, Ge-Sheng Lin, Ji-Shi Fang, Yong Wang, Zhi-Yong Wu, Xu-Hui Tu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of joint mobilization on postoperative wrist joint function, pain and grip strength for elderly patients with distal radius fracture. METHODS: From January 2015 to June 2016, a total of 67 elderly patients with distal radius fracture were randomly divided into routine exercise group and joint mobilization group. Among them, 37 patients in the routine exercise group underwent conventional distal radius fracture postoperative joint function exercise regimen, including 16 males and 21 females with a mean age of (67...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423866/conservative-treatment-of-distal-fractures-after-the-age-of-65-a-review-of-literature
#15
Alexandra Bruyere, Paul Vernet, Santiago Salazar Botero, Yuka Igeta, Juan José Hidalgo Diaz, Philippe Liverneaux
The goal of this study was to evaluate the role of conservative treatment of distal radius fractures in the elderly since 2000. Our series included 22 articles, of which 3 reviews, 2 meta-analyses, 6 descriptive series of conservative treatment, 10 series comparing surgical and conservative treatments and 1 series comparing different types of conservative treatments. The reduction was performed by closed reduction in 7 cases and by traction in 3 cases. A short-arm cast was used in 8 cases and a long-arm cast in 4 cases for an average length of 6 weeks...
February 8, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419627/complex-regional-pain-syndrome-after-distal-radius-fracture-is-uncommon-and-is-often-associated-with-fibromyalgia
#16
Tom J Crijns, Bonheur A T D van der Gronde, David Ring, Nina Leung
BACKGROUND: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is frequently diagnosed in patients recovering from surgery or injury. The symptoms and signs included in consensus diagnostic criteria for CRPS are expected after injury. Categorizing symptoms and signs that occur on a continuum as disproportionate or not is subjective and prone to bias. Psychiatrists and psychologists do not diagnose CRPS and instead measure and treat anxiety and catastrophic thinking on its continuum. Given the expected variation in subjective diagnoses such as CRPS, this study addresses factors associated with use of this diagnosis and how it influences care...
February 5, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409423/isolated-salter-harris-type-iii-physeal-fracture-of-the-distal-ulna
#17
Kiminori Yukata, Sho Nakai, Masaki Ikeda, Jun-Ichi Hamawaki
We describe a case of isolated physeal fracture of ulna distal end in a 13-year-old boy. This fracture type is uncommon, especially Salter-Harris type III of this injury has not been reported. Plain radiographs showed a small vertical fracture line at the ulnar distal end and an enlargement of epiphyseal plate at the base of ulnar styloid process. The present case was successfully managed with conservative treatment because of its minimal displacement.
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409409/use-of-computed-tomography-in-determining-the-occurrence-of-dorsal-and-intra-articular-screw-penetration-in-volar-locking-plate-osteosynthesis-of-distal-radius-fracture
#18
Teik Wei Diong, Nor Hazla Mohamed Haflah, Abdul Yazid Mohd Kassim, Sharifah Majedah Idrus Al Habshi, Mohd Hassan Shukur
BACKGROUND: The use of volar locking plate in distal radius fracture can lead to extensor tendon rupture due to dorsal screw penetration. The aim of our study was to investigate the occurrence of dorsal and intra-articular screw penetration using CT scan after volar distal radius osteosynthesis for distal radius fractures. METHODS: Thirty patients who underwent distal volar locking plate for distal radius fracture were included in a retrospective study. In all 30 patients no dorsal and intra-articular screw penetration were detected on standard AP and lateral views of a plain radiograph...
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409407/complications-of-intramedullary-fixation-for-distal-radius-fractures-in-elderly-patients-a-retrospective-analysis-using-mckay-s-complication-checklist
#19
Takuma Wakasugi, Ritsuro Shirasaka, Toshiyuki Kawauchi, Koji Fujita, Atsushi Okawa
BACKGROUND: Intramedullary fixation for distal radius fractures is reported to be free of hardware irritation and less invasive than other fixation methods. Some specific complications associated with intramedullary fixation, such as radial nerve sensory neuritis, have been reported, but no study has focused on the complication rates of intramedullary fixation for distal radius fractures in the elderly population. Furthermore, no studies have analyzed common complications, such as carpal tunnel syndrome and flexor tenosynovitis including trigger finger, among patients with distal radius fractures treated by intramedullary fixation based on a comprehensive complication checklist...
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406451/is-use-of-a-psychological-workbook-associated-with-improved-disabilities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-scores-in-patients-with-distal-radius-fracture
#20
Stuart Goudie, Diane Dixon, Gail McMillan, David Ring, Margaret McQueen
BACKGROUND: Symptom intensity and magnitude of limitations correlate with stress, distress, and less effective coping strategies. It is unclear if interventions to target these factors can be used to improve outcomes after distal radius fracture in either the short- or longer term. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Are there any factors (including the use of a workbook aimed at optimizing psychological response to injury, demographic, radiographic, medical, or psychosocial) associated with improved Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and Numerical Rating Scale pain (NRS pain) scores at 6 weeks after management of distal radius fracture? (2) Are any of these factors associated with improved DASH and NRS pain scores at 6 months after management of distal radius fracture? METHODS: We conducted a double-blind randomized controlled trial comparing a workbook designed to optimize rehabilitation by improving psychological response to injury using recognized psychological techniques (the LEARN technique and goal setting) versus a workbook containing details of stretching exercises in the otherwise routine management of distal radius fracture...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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