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(Radius OR ulna OR Olecranon OR forearm) AND fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329416/influence-of-continuous-rotation-or-reciprocation-of-optimum-torque-reverse-motion-on-cyclic-fatigue-resistance-of-nickel-titanium-rotary-instruments
#1
E Pedullà, G Corsentino, E Ambu, F Rovai, F Campedelli, S Rapisarda, G R La Rosa, E Rapisarda, S Grandini
AIM: To evaluate the resistance to cyclic fatigue of ProTaper Next (PTN; Dentsply Sirona, Ballaigues, Switzerland), Revo-S (Micro-Mega, Besançon, France), Mtwo (Sweden & Martina, Padova, Italy), Twisted Files (TF, SybronEndo, Orange, CA, USA) and EndoWave (J Morita Corporation, Osaka, Japan) used in continuous rotation or in reciprocation of Optimum Torque Reverse motion (OTR). METHODOLOGY: A total of 120 nickel-titanium files were tested. Twenty-four instruments for each brand were divided into 2 groups (n = 12) on the basis of the motion tested: continuous rotation (Group 1) or reciprocation of OTR motion (Group 2)...
March 22, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325701/evaluation-of-flexor-pollicis-longus-tendon-attrition-using-color-doppler-imaging-after-volar-plate-fixation-for-distal-radius-fracture
#2
Yoshitaka Tanaka, Hiroyuki Gotani, Koichi Yano, Kosuke Sasaki, Yoshitaka Hamada
PURPOSE: Early diagnosis of attritional wear of the flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendon is essential in preventing subsequent tendon rupture. There are currently few objective methods of assessing FPL attrition. We hypothesized that color Doppler imaging could visibly detect FPL tendon attrition, and analyzed our results. METHODS: We evaluated ultrasound imaging of the contact between the FPL tendon and a volar locking plate using the real-time B-mode and Doppler waveforms of the FPL tendon using the continuous Doppler wave mode in 40 patients who underwent fixation of the distal volar locking plate for distal radius fracture...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319258/ct-derived-indices-of-canine-osteosarcoma-affected-antebrachial-strength
#3
Tanya C Garcia, Michele A Steffey, Allison L Zwingenberger, Leticia Daniel, Susan M Stover
OBJECTIVE: To improve the prediction of fractures in dogs with bone tumors of the distal radius by identifying computed tomography (CT) indices that correlate with antebrachial bone strength and fracture location. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: Dogs with antebrachial osteosarcoma (n = 10), and normal cadaver bones (n=9). METHODS: Antebrachia were imaged with quantitative CT prior to biomechanical testing to failure...
March 20, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315817/a-figure-eight-suture-loop-with-kirschner-wires-for-fixation-of-anteromedial-coronoid-process-fractures-a-case-series
#4
Longxiang Shen, Xingang Yu, Biao Zhong, Jian Ding
PURPOSE: Sufficient fixation of an anterior or anteromedial facet fracture of the coronoid process in fracture-dislocation of elbow is important to maintain joint stability. The purpose of this study was to report our experience with 11 patients who were managed with an original fixation technique using a "figure-eight" suture loop. METHODS: From February 2010 to March 2011, 11 cases with a fracture of the anterior or anteromedial facet of the coronoid process were treated by coronoid fixation using a figure-eight suture loop...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303286/-fractures-of-the-olecranon
#5
P Gierer, A Wichelhaus, R Rotter
OBJECTIVE: Fractures of the olecranon are the most common fractures of the elbow in adults. Due to the dislocating force of the triceps muscle, internal fixation is the treatment of choice. INDICATIONS: All fractures of the olecranon without contraindications. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Infection and severe soft tissue damage. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Dorsal approach to the olecranon with the patient in a prone position. Open reduction and internal fixation with tension band wiring or plate fixation according to fracture pattern...
March 16, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300049/type-i-monteggia-with-ipsilateral-fracture-of-distal-radius-epiphyseal-injury-a-rare-case-report
#6
Gaurav Mundada, Sohael Mohammed Khan, Shraddha K Singhania, Varun Gupta, Pradeep K Singh, Saherish Khan
Simultaneous Monteggia injuries of the elbow and ipsilateral fracture distal radius with epiphyseal injury both bone are a unique case. A unique case of a Type I Monteggia fracture equivalent with ipsilateral fracture distal radius with epiphyseal injury (Salter-Harris Type II) in a child is reported. We describe the management of this unique fracture and discuss the possible mechanism of injury. We have highlighted a rare combination of injuries. Early recognition and prompt surgical intervention can lead to a satisfactory outcome even in these complex injuries...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296780/type-iii-monteggia-fracture-with-posterior-interosseous-nerve-injury-in-a-child-a-case-report
#7
Jing Wang, Min Chen, Jiang Du
RATIONALE: Elbow injury in children by improper treatment or a delay of more than 3 weeks could lead to old unreduced Monteggia fracture, which are difficult to manage. Conservative or normal surgical methods usually fail. PATIENT CONCERNS: Herein, we present a 6-year-old boy with sustaining injury approximately 1 month to his left elbow. Activity in his elbow was restricted, and his ability to extend his wrist and fingers was impaired. DIAGNOSES: Type III Monteggia elbow fracture-dislocation consisting of radial head dislocation and malunion of the ulna associated with posterior interosseous nerve palsy were confirmed, which requiring surgical treatment...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293506/treatment-of-radial-nonunion-with-corticocancellous-bone-graft-and-fascia-of-anterolateral-thigh-free-flap-the-wrap-technique
#8
Mario Cherubino, Mario Ronga, Davide Sallam, Alessandro Fagetti, Luigi Valdatta, Paolo Cherubino
The management of nonunion of the forearm bones is a challenging task. Multiple factors have been associated with the establishment of forearm nonunion, such as the fracture position and complexity, general condition of the patient, and the previously utilized surgical technique. The optimal surgical treatment of a bone gap remains a subject of discussion. Autogenous corticocancellous bone grafts and vascularized bone flaps have been used with differing results. The authors describe a technique for the treatment of posttraumatic nonunion of the radius with a 5-cm bone gap using the free anterolateral thigh fascial flap wrapped around a tricortical iliac bone graft...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293156/indications-of-implant-removal-a-study-of-83-cases
#9
Muhammad Haseeb, Muhammad Farooq Butt, Tariq Altaf, Khalid Muzaffar, Anil Gupta, Aleena Jallu
INTRODUCTION: Fracture fixation has become advanced with the advent of new and custom metal implants for each type of bone/fracture. After union though, the implant ceases to be important and may be removed. Routine removal is advocated by some and opposed by others. Nevertheless, some patients require removal of the hardware because of various implant-related problems. Our study was aimed at identifying the most common causes for implant removal. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the common indications of orthopedic implant removal surgeries...
January 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291436/the-effects-of-radial-bowing-and-complications-in-intramedullary-nail-fixation-of-adult-forearm-fractures
#10
Ali Çağdaş Yörükoğlu, Ahmet Fahir Demirkan, Alp Akman, Ali Kitiş, Hande Usta
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the effects of radial bowing changes on fracture healing and functional results in adult forearm intramedullary nail applications and complications of forearm nails that have been discussed rarely in the literature. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients -11 with isolated radius and 12 with both radius and ulna fractures- (17 males, 6 females; mean age 38.6 years; range 18 to 69 years) who were operated between September 2009 and August 2014 were included in the study...
April 2017: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291431/is-it-possible-to-avoid-intra-articular-screw-penetration-with-minimal-use-of-fluoroscopy-in-the-application-of-distal-radius-volar-plate
#11
Cengiz Aldemir, Fatih Duygun
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate whether or not it is possible to avoid intra-articular screw penetration in the application of distal radius volar plate with minimal use of fluoroscopy and thereby reduce to a minimum the risk of exposure of the surgical team to radiation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Volar plate with distal screw application with minimal use of fluoroscopy was performed in a total of 50 patients (22 males, 28 females; mean age 43.52 years; range 18 to 76 years) with unstable distal radius fracture following reduction of fracture between June 2014 and May 2016...
April 2017: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290758/similar-1-year-subjective-outcome-after-a-distal-radius-fracture-during-the-10-year-period-2003-2012
#12
Marcus Landgren, Antonio Abramo, Mats Geijer, Philippe Kopylov, Magnus Tägil
Background and purpose - During the last decades, treatment of distal radius fractures (DRFs) has changed, with surgical intervention being more common and with new techniques. We investigated whether this change has influenced the subjective outcome. Here we report, year by year, the 1-year score after a DRF over a 10-year-period, using a patient-reported outcome measure. Patients and methods - Patients aged 18 years or more with a DRF between 2003 and 2012 were prospectively and consecutively registered in a longitudinal outcome database...
March 14, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289103/bone-structural-changes-after-gastric-bypass-surgery-evaluated-by-hr-pqct-a-two-year-longitudinal-study
#13
Vikram Vinod Shanbhogue, René Klinkby Støving, Katrine Diemer Frederiksen, Stine Hanson, Kim Brixen, Jeppe Gram, Niklas Rye Jorgensen, Stinus Hansen
Objective, design and methods: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has proved successful in attaining sustained weight loss but may lead to metabolic bone disease. To assess impact on bone mass and structure, we measured areal bone mineral density at the hip and spine by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, and volumetric BMD (vBMD) and bone microarchitecture at the distal radius and tibia by high-resolution peripheral quantitative CT in 25 morbidly obese subjects (15 females, 10 males) at 0, 12 and 24 months after RYGB...
March 13, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288080/management-of-pediatric-type-i-open-fractures-in-the-emergency-department-or-operating-room-a-multicenter-perspective
#14
Jenna Godfrey, Paul D Choi, Lior Shabtai, Sarah B Nossov, Amy Williams, Antoinette W Lindberg, Selina Silva, Michelle S Caird, Mathew D Schur, Alexandre Arkader
BACKGROUND: The management of pediatric type I open fractures remains controversial. The aim of this study is to compare outcomes in type I open fractures managed with superficial wound debridement and antibiotics in the emergency department (ED) (nonoperative management) to patients managed with operative debridement and antibiotics (operative management). METHODS: A multicenter retrospective review was performed of all pediatric type I open forearm, wrist, and tibia fractures treated at 4 high volume pediatric centers between 2000 and 2015...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286986/age-related-prevalence-of-osteoporosis-and-fragility-fractures-real-world-data-from-an-austrian-menopause-and-osteoporosis-clinic
#15
E P Boschitsch, E Durchschlag, H P Dimai
OBJECTIVES: Age and bone mineral density (BMD) are the most relevant determinants for public health authorities to govern the management of osteoporosis. The objectives of this study were to determine the age-related prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis according to WHO criteria and fragility fractures in middle-aged and older women. METHODS: Women ≥40 years, who were referred to a menopause and osteoporosis outpatient clinic for BMD measurements, were assessed for patient characteristics, BMD and previous fragility fractures of the hip, the distal forearm and the vertebrae...
April 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286822/ability-of-ultrasonography-in-detection-of-different-extremity-bone-fractures-a-case-series-study
#16
Farzad Bozorgi, Massoud Shayesteh Azar, Seyed Hossein Montazer, Aroona Chabra, Seyed Farshad Heidari, Alireza Khalilian
INTRODUCTION: Despite radiography being the gold standard in evaluation of orthopedic injuries, using bedside ultrasonography has several potential supremacies such as avoiding exposure to ionizing radiation, availability in pre-hospital settings, being extensively accessible, and ability to be used on the bedside. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography in detection of extremity bone fractures. METHODS: This study is a case series study, which was prospectively conducted on multiple blunt trauma patients, who were 18 years old or older, had stable hemodynamic, Glasgow coma scale 15, and signs or symptoms of a possible extremity bone fracture...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286623/effective-management-of-bone-fractures-with-the-illuminoss%C3%A2-photodynamic-bone-stabilization-system-initial-clinical-experience-from-the-european-union-registry
#17
Thomas Gausepohl, Dietmar Pennig, Steffen Heck, Sascha Gick, Paul A Vegt, Jon E Block
The IlluminOss(®) system (IS) uses a light-curable polymer contained within an inflatable balloon catheter, forming a patient customized intramedullary implant. A registry was established in Germany and The Netherlands to prospectively collect technical and clinical outcomes in patients treated with IS for fractures of the phalange, metacarpal, radius, ulna, distal radius, fibula, clavicle and/or olecranon. Humeral, femoral, tibial and pelvic fractures were included under compassionate use. Procedural success included successful placement of the device at the target fracture site and achievement of fracture stabilization...
February 20, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280874/assessment-of-normal-forearm-compartment-pressures-in-a-nigerian-population
#18
A I Adeyeye, O Esan, I C Ikem
PURPOSE: The forearm is prone to raised compartment pressure and it is the second most common site for compartment syndrome. The normal compartment pressure of the forearm should be known and serve as a benchmark for the diagnosis of acute and chronic compartment syndrome. This study was aimed to determine the normal compartment pressures of the forearm using a digital compartment pressure monitor. METHODS: This was a prospective hospital-based study of the uninjured forearm in 30 patients, who presented with closed unilateral forearm fracture at the accident and emergency department of a tertiary health care facility, between June 2012 and December 2013...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276092/bone-microarchitecture-assessed-by-hr-pqct-as-predictor-of-fracture-risk-in-postmenopausal-women-the-ofely-study
#19
Elisabeth Sornay-Rendu, Stephanie Boutroy, François Duboeuf, Roland D Chapurlat
Several cross-sectional studies have shown that impairment of bone microarchitecture (MA) contributes to skeletal fragility. The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate the prediction of fracture (Fx) by bone MA assessed by HR-pQCT in postmenopausal women. We measured MA at the distal radius and tibia with HR-pQCT in the OFELY study, in addition to areal BMD with DXA in 589 women, mean(SD) age 68(9) yr. During a median [IQ] 9.4[1.0] yr of follow-up, 135 women sustained an incident fragility Fx, including 81 women with a major osteoporotic Fx (MOP Fx)...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275848/-reliability-of-venous-blood-gas-analysis-and-radionuclide-angiography-in-post-traumatic-dystrophy
#20
A Scola, E Scola
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis "post-traumatic dystrophy" (PTD) was first defined with clinical and paraclinical criteria by Scola et al. in 2013. OBJECTIVES: The objectivity and reliability of the paraclinical criteria (venous blood gas analysis [vBGA], radionuclide angiography [RNA]), and recommendations for therapy should be assessed in a prospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In five patients with clinical signs of post-traumatic nonbacterial inflammation of the hand, both diagnosis and a 3‑week hospital treatment were carried out in accordance with the publication mentioned above...
March 8, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
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