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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921157/assessment-of-pisotriquetral-misalignment-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-is-it-associated-with-trauma
#1
Hee-Dong Chae, Hye Jin Yoo, Sung Hwan Hong, Ja-Young Choi, Heung Sik Kang
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine whether there is an association between pisotriquetral (PT) malalignment and acute distal radius fracture by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: We evaluated 138 patients who underwent 3-T MRI of the wrists. Group A comprised 85 patients with acute distal radius fracture, and group B comprised 53 patients without trauma. PT interval and angle and pisiform excursion were measured on oblique axial and sagittal multiplanar reformats...
December 5, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921119/-distal-humerus-fracture-extensile-approaches
#2
F J P Beeres, F Oehme, R Babst
The majority of dislocated, intra-articular fractures are treated with an open reduction and internal fixation. In this paper we describe a variety of dorsal approaches to the distal humerus. Beside the dorsal approach through an olecranon osteotomy we also discuss the alternative dorsal approaches without osteotomy and their advantages and drawbacks. Moreover we discuss the preoperative planning and operative procedure. Early functional rehabilitation, without weight bearing, is important to achieve an optimal outcome...
December 5, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921015/pediatric-olecranon-fractures-associated-with-radial-neck-fractures-review-and-report-of-two-cases
#3
Kemal Gokkus, Ozkan Kose, Murat Saylik, Ergin Sagtas, Ahmet Turan Aydin
INTRODUCTION: The debate regarding the description on classification and nomenclature of the injury which includes olecranon fracture associated with radial neck fractures in children is ongoing. We report two pediatric cases that could not be classified in a Monteggia-equivalents system and were treated with open reduction and k-wire fixation. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review regarding pediatric radial neck fractures associated with olecranon fractures and presentation of two pediatric cases of olecranon fractures associated with radial neck fractures with radiocapitellar dislocation...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918376/reduced-length-of-stay-and-adverse-events-using-bier-block-for-forearm-fracture-reduction-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#4
Emmanuelle Fauteux-Lamarre, Brett Burstein, Adam Cheng, Adam Bretholz
OBJECTIVES: Forearm fractures are among the most common pediatric injuries. Procedural sedation is frequently used for analgesia during fracture reduction but requires a prolonged recovery period and can be associated with adverse events. Bier block is a safe alternative for fracture reduction analgesia. This study sought to compare Bier block and procedural sedation for forearm fracture reduction. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of patients aged 6 to 18 years, presenting with forearm fractures requiring closed reduction from June 2012 to March 2014...
January 1, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916152/volar-ulnar-approach-for-fixation-of-the-volar-lunate-facet-fragment-in-distal-radius-fractures-a-technical-tip
#5
REVIEW
Daniel Tordjman, Richard M Hinds, Omri Ayalon, S Steven Yang, John T Capo
The volar Henry approach is most commonly used for surgical fixation of distal radius fractures. However, this approach is limited in achieving adequate exposure for the fixation of the volar-ulnar portion of the distal radius, rendering it difficult for the ideal placement of the fixation construct. We propose the use of the extensile volar-ulnar approach for fixation of distal radius fracture involving a small volar-ulnar fragment. This approach allows optimal reduction of the sigmoid notch and the volar lunate facet, which anatomically reduces both the radiocarpal joint and the sigmoid notch...
December 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916021/use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-long-bone-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Lucas B Chartier, Laura Bosco, Lauren Lapointe-Shaw, Jordan Chenkin
OBJECTIVES: Long bone fractures (LBFs) are among the most frequent traumatic injuries seen in emergency departments. Reduction and immobilization is the most common form of treatment for displaced fractures. Point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) is a promising technique for diagnosing LBFs and assessing the success of reduction attempts. This article offers a comprehensive review of the use of PoCUS for the diagnosis and reduction of LBFs. Data source MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched through July 19, 2015...
December 5, 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905183/mini-c-arm-faster-cheaper-safer
#7
Tom J Gieroba, Nicole Williams, Georgia Antoniou, Peter J Cundy
BACKGROUND: Mini C-arm image intensifiers (IIs) are promoted to permit lower radiation dose than traditional IIs with a lower purchase price and without the need for a radiographer, saving time. In real-world usage, radiation dose is not always lower. METHODS: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data for 620 children undergoing forearm fracture reduction in theatre was undertaken. Imaging was performed with the Fluoroscan mini C-arm or a comparison traditional II...
November 30, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904215/morphometry-of-distal-end-radius-in-the-indian-population-a-radiological-study
#8
Pankaj Kumar Mishra, Manoj Nagar, Suresh Chandra Gaur, Anuj Gupta
INTRODUCTION: The morphometry of distal end radius (DER) comprises the four necessary parameters: radial inclination, palmer tilt, radial height, and ulnar variance. The unblemished intellect about the morphometry is urged for the management of fracture of DER. The goal of our study was to determine the values of morphometric parameters of the DER from the adult Indian. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a single hospital- based observational cross-sectional, prospective study...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899222/camera-tracking-gaming-control-device-for-evaluation-of-active-wrist-flexion-and-extension
#9
Dalit Shefer Eini, Navah Z Ratzon, Albert A Rizzo, Shih-Ching Yeh, Belinda Lange, Batia Yaffe, Alexander Daich, Patrice L Weiss, Rachel Kizony
STUDY DESIGN: Cross sectional. INTRODUCTION: Measuring wrist range of motion (ROM) is an essential procedure in hand therapy clinics. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To test the reliability and validity of a dynamic ROM assessment, the Camera Wrist Tracker (CWT). METHODS: Wrist flexion and extension ROM of 15 patients with distal radius fractures and 15 matched controls were assessed with the CWT and with a universal goniometer...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894858/elbow-dislocation-with-ipsilateral-fracture-of-the-distal-radius-associated-with-a-brachial-artery-injury-a-new-pathological-condition-of-traumatic-origin
#10
L Trigo Lahoz, C Lamas Gomez, J Sarasquete Reiriz, J de Caso Rodriguez, I Proubasta Renart
Elbow dislocation associated with ipsilateral fracture of the distal radius and a brachial artery injury is an uncommon traumatic entity. The two references of this injury combination appeared in 2015, although both authors did not realise that they were the first two cases published in the medical literature. Although mentioned in the text of the articles, no mention was made of the fracture of the distal radius in the titles. The purpose of this paper is to present three cases with this new traumatic pathological entity, explaining its pathogenetic mechanism, the treatment used, and the results obtained...
November 25, 2016: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893637/timing-of-presentation-of-pediatric-compartment-syndrome-and-its-microsurgical-implication-a-retrospective-review
#11
Natalia I Ziolkowski, Leanne Zive, Emily Ho, Ronald Zuker
BACKGROUND: Forearm compartment syndrome in the pediatric population can lead to severe functional disability. Although it is known that earlier presentation with decompression leads to better outcomes, it is not known when presentation post-injury leads to significant loss of function requiring microsurgical intervention. AIM: To describe the rate of microsurgical reconstruction after forearm compartment syndrome in pediatric patients as related to timing of presentation...
November 21, 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890246/treatment-of-dynamic-scapholunate-instability-dissociation-contribution-of-arthroscopy
#12
C Mathoulin
Scapholunate (SL) ligament injuries generally result from trauma to an extended, supinated wrist, leading to chronic instability that progresses toward osteoarthritis. They can occur together with distal radius fracture. These injuries can be difficult to diagnose, especially early on. Treating chronic SL ligament injuries before the onset of osteoarthritis is still a challenge for surgeons. Until recently, the recommended treatments consisted of open SL ligament reconstruction or repair procedures that reduce pain and improve pinch strength but also lead to wrist stiffness...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890221/-treatment-of-distal-radius-extra-articular-malunion-in-young-active-patients
#13
N Pauchard, S Huguet, F Dap, G Dautel
Malunion is a common complication of distal radius fractures despite new fixation devices. The authors discuss the surgical indications, preoperative management and the various surgical techniques used to treat distal radius extra-articular malunion, specifically in active young subjects. The treatment goals in this population group are anatomical restoration of the distal radius and distal radioulnar joint, short immobilization period, quick functional recovery and stable results over time, consistent with high functional demands...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890220/-complications-of-volar-locking-plates-used-to-treat-distal-radius-fractures
#14
G Herzberg, A Marc, M Burnier
About 10 years after volar locking plates were introduced to treat acute distal radius fractures, several papers have reported short-term complications. The aim of this paper was to report our complication rate over a 2-year period and to compare it to the literature. We found similar complication rates despite different classification systems. Because of the prospective nature of our study, we were able to demonstrate that extra-articular and/or intra-articular scores exceeding 8 points on a 12-points scale were statistically associated with more complications, irrespective of the patient's overall health and age...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890219/-over-reduction-after-distal-radius-fracture-pinning-in-young-active-patients-prevention-by-multiple-mixed-pinning
#15
O Delattre, G Greffe, L Stratan, F Duroux, J Donatien
Over-reduction is a classical complication following pinning of distal radius fractures. Indeed, the pinning techniques derived from Kapandji's technique do not allow anterior stabilization. A literature review and our experience show that it is an underestimated complication that can affect up to one-third of cases, but that is well tolerated if the anterior tilt is less than 20°. Excessive angulation of the dorsal intrafocal K-wires becomes a significant risk factor beyond 60°. Volar comminution of the fracture is an obvious predisposing factor...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890218/-is-external-or-internal-distraction-useful-for-treating-distal-radial-fractures
#16
M Rongières
The use of external fixation or internal plating to bridge communitive fractures of the distal radius is discussed based on a review of prospective and meta-analysis studies. Distraction by an external fixator is not advised (ligamentotaxis) because of the high incidence of complex regional pain syndrome and the destabilization of bone and ligaments surrounding the intra-articular fracture site. The external fixator must be used as a neutralization device and supplemented with K-wire or volar plate fixation...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890217/-outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-mipo-with-volar-locking-plates-in-distal-radius-fractures-a-review
#17
P Liverneaux, S Ichihara, S Facca, J J Hidalgo Diaz
Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) has been used in recent years to treat fractures of the distal radius with volar locking plates. Its advantages are the preservation of the pronator quadratus and good esthetics. The MIPO technique was described originally with two incisions: one distal transverse or longitudinal incision and one proximal longitudinal incision. The trend is now to use a single longitudinal incision less than 20mm long. Functional and radiological outcomes are comparable to those of conventional techniques...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890216/-nerve-injuries-associated-with-distal-radius-fractures
#18
J Pierrart, D Tordjman, N Ikeuchi, D Delgrande, T Gregory, E Masmejean
Nerve damage is a common complication of distal radius fractures. It may be a result of the injury event or be iatrogenic. It is the source of disability and potential handicap. There is little published data on this topic and no study has validated the strategies needed to prevent or manage these nerve-related complications. There is no consensus on treatment. Prevention requires a good knowledge of the various surgical approaches and rigorous fracture fixation technique. The objective of this article is to take stock of recent data from the scientific literature...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890215/-incidence-of-distal-ulna-fractures-associated-with-distal-radius-fractures-treatment-options
#19
G Herzberg, T Castel
Fractures of the neck and/or head of the ulna or distal ulna fracture (DUF) other than ulnar styloid fractures can occur in combination with distal radius fractures (DRF). This combination can have a significant influence on the treatment and prognosis since it causes the entire distal forearm to be unstable. In a series of 1279 consecutive unilateral DRFs, we found an associated ulnar neck fracture in 5.9% of cases, ulnar head and neck fracture in 1.6%, and isolated ulnar head fracture in 1.4%. Overall, 9% of cases in this study had a DUF with a DRF...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890214/-pathology-of-the-triangular-fibrocartilaginous-complex-in-distal-radius-fractures
#20
D Fontès
Distal radius fracture is actually quite rarely isolated and triangular fibrocartilaginous complex (TFCC) is often involved with the same mechanism of injury. A contemporary management of the treatment of the initial fracture is ideal and so benefits from a routine arthroscopic management. Nevertheless, in the absence of diagnosis and therefore early treatment, the symptoms may be located at the ulnar crossroads and justify specific treatment of TFCC. It is generally conducted after an accurate arthroscopic lesion classification guiding a procedure, depending on the lesion vascularization as well as its possible destabilization potential (debridement, capsular suture or foveal reattachment)...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
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