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(Hip OR Femur) AND fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453979/toward-a-meaningful-definition-of-recovery-after-hip-fracture-comparing-two-definitions-for-community-dwelling-older-adults
#1
Mohammad Auais, Suzanne N Morin, Lois Finch, Sara Ahmed, Nancy Mayo
OBJECTIVES: To examine the course of recovery and resulting health-related quality of life (HRQL) after low-trauma hip fracture using two different definitions of recovery. DESIGN: Inception cohort with eight assessments over one year. SETTING: Participants were recruited from a tertiary-care hospital and followed in the community. INTERVENTION: Not applicable PARTICIPANTS: 47 (75% of all eligible) community-dwelling hip fracture patients (≥65 years)...
February 14, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453659/fracture-risk-in-women-with-type-ii-diabetes-results-from-a-historical-cohort-with-fracture-follow-up
#2
Jakob Præst Holm, Thomas Jensen, Lars Hyldstrup, Jens-Erik Beck Jensen
PURPOSE: To examine the independent association between type II diabetes and fracture risk in a population of predominantly postmenopausal women referred to a specialist clinic for osteoporosis evaluation. METHODS: Type II diabetes associated fracture risk were evaluated among to 229 patients with type II diabetes in a cohort of 6285 women followed on average (until major osteoporotic fracture (MOF), death or end of study) for 5.8 years. Information of fracture risk factors was obtained from a clinical database and from national registries...
February 16, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452780/gender-differences-in-the-association-of-cognitive-impairment-with-the-risk-of-hip-fracture-in-the-older-population
#3
Elena Lobo, Guillermo Marcos, Javier Santabárbara, Luis Lobo-Escolar, Helena Salvador-Rosés, Concepción De la Cámara, Raul Lopez-Anton, Patricia Gracia-García, Antonio Lobo-Escolar
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that differences by gender will be observed in the association of hip fracture risk with stages of cognitive impairment; and to explore the association between Petersen's "mild cognitive impairment" (MCI) and DSM-5 "mild neurocognitive disorder" (MND). STUDY DESIGN: A community sample of 4803 individuals aged 55+ years was assessed in a two-phase case-finding enquiry in Zaragoza, Spain, and was followed up for 16 years...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452733/trajectory-of-physical-activity-after-hip-fracture-an-analysis-of-community-dwelling-individuals-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#4
Tariq Aboelmagd, Jack R Dainty, Alex MacGregor, Toby O Smith
INTRODUCTION: To analyse physical activity participation in a community-dwelling people in England with hip fracture the interval prior to fracture, in the fracture recovery period, and a minimum of two years post-fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 215 individuals were identified from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing cohort (2002-2014) who sustained a hip fracture following a fall and for whom data were available on physical activity participation relating to the period pre-fracture, within-fracture recovery phase and post-fracture (minimum of two years)...
February 10, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451943/dual-diagnosis-and-total-hip-arthroplasty
#5
Mitchell R Klement, Brian T Nickel, Abiram Bala, Colin T Penrose, Cynthia L Green, Samuel S Wellman, Michael P Bolognesi, Thorsten M Seyler
The co-occurrence of a mental illness and a substance abuse disorder (SUD) is common and has been referred to as a "dual diagnosis" (DD). Although studies have independently investigated mental illness alone and SUD alone, few have examined the effects of these entities combined on complications. A search of the Medicare database from 2005 to 2012 identified 2000 DD patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA). They were compared with 86,976 patients with mental illness only and 590,689 controls (no mental illness or SUD)...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451942/incidence-of-and-risk-factors-for-knee-collateral-ligament-injuries-with-proximal-tibia-fractures-a-study-of-32-441-patients
#6
Andre M Samuel, Pablo J Diaz-Collado, Lauren K Szolomayer, Daniel H Wiznia, Wayne W Chan, Adam M Lukasiewicz, Bryce A Basques, Daniel D Bohl, Jonathan N Grauer
Proximal tibia fractures are associated with concurrent collateral ligament injuries. Failure to recognize these injuries may lead to chronic knee instability. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for concurrent collateral ligament injuries with proximal tibia fractures and their association with inpatient outcomes. A total of 32,441 patients with proximal tibia fractures were identified in the 2011-2012 National Trauma Data Bank. A total of 1445 (4.5%) had collateral ligament injuries, 794 (2...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451937/custom-triflange-acetabular-components-for-large-acetabular-defects-minimum-10-year-follow-up
#7
K David Moore, Michelle D McClenny, Bradley W Wills
Compromise of bony support presents a difficult problem in acetabular revision surgery. Although various methods have been proposed to cope with this problem, they have had variable results and little long-term follow-up. The authors reviewed the results of 37 patients undergoing custom triflange revision surgery. Two patients were lost to follow-up, leaving 35 patients with minimum 10-year clinical and radiographic follow-up. Thirty-two (91%) of 35 components were unrevised and functioning well at minimum 10-year follow-up...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451051/influence-of-surgical-approach-on-complication-risk-in-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty
#8
Larry E Miller, Joseph S Gondusky, Atul F Kamath, Friedrich Boettner, John Wright, Samir Bhattacharyya
Background and purpose - Systematic comparisons of anterior approach (A) versus posterior approach (P) in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) have largely focused on perioperative outcomes. In this systematic review with meta-analysis, we compared complication risk of A versus P in studies of primary THA with at least 1-year mean follow-up. Patients and methods - We performed a systematic review of prospective and retrospective studies with at least 1-year mean follow-up that reported complications of A and P primary THA...
February 16, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450691/financial-impact-of-inaccurate-adverse-event-recording-post-hip-fracture-surgery-addendum-to-adverse-event-recording-post-hip-fracture-surgery
#9
Matthew J Lee, Kevin Doody, Khalid M S Mohamed, Audrey Butler, John Street, Brian Lenehan
INTRODUCTION: A study in 2011 by (Doody et al. Ir Med J 106(10):300-302, 2013) looked at comparing inpatient adverse events recorded prospectively at the point of care, with adverse events recorded by the national Hospital In-Patient Enquiry (HIPE) System. METHODS: In the study, a single-centre University Hospital in Ireland treating acute hip fractures in an orthopaedic unit recorded 39 patients over a 2-month (August-September 2011) period, with 55 adverse events recorded prospectively in contrast to the HIPE record of 13 (23...
February 15, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450584/dietary-patterns-and-longitudinal-change-in-hip-bone-mineral-density-among-older-men
#10
T S Rogers, S Harrison, S Judd, E S Orwoll, L M Marshall, J Shannon, L Langsetmo, N E Lane, J M Shikany
Studying dietary patterns is often more informative than individual nutrients or foods. We found that a Prudent dietary pattern (rich in vegetables and fish) was associated with reduced loss of total hip BMD in older men. A Prudent dietary pattern may be a potential lifestyle strategy for minimizing bone loss. INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to identify baseline dietary patterns using factor analysis in a cohort of older men and to evaluate whether the dietary patterns were associated with bone mineral density change (%ΔBMD) at the total hip and femoral neck over time...
February 15, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450461/hip-fracture-and-palpitations-in-a-92-year-old-woman-with-bronchiectasis
#11
Paurush Ambesh, Gerald Hollander, Jacob Shani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447441/design-factors-of-femur-fracture-fixation-plates-made-of-shape-memory-alloy-based-on-the-taguchi-method-by-finite-element-analysis
#12
Cheolwoong Ko, Mikyung Yang, Taemin Byun, Sang-Wook Lee
This study proposed a way to design femur fracture fixation plates made of shape memory alloy based on CT (Computed Tomography) images of Korean cadaveric femurs. To this end, 3 major design factors of femur fracture fixation plates (circumference angle, thickness, and inner diameter) were selected based on the contact pressure when a femur fracture fixation plate was applied to a cylinder model using the Taguchi Method. Then the effects of the design factors were analyzed. It was shown that the design factors were statistically significant at a level of p=0...
February 15, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447190/the-incidence-and-factors-of-hip-fractures-and-subsequent-morbidity-in-taiwan-an-11-year-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Kai-Biao Lin, Nan-Ping Yang, Yi-Hui Lee, Chien-Lung Chan, Chi-Hsu Wu, Hou-Chuan Chen, Nien-Tzu Chang
Hip fractures are a major problem to elder population, but subsequent morbidity is unclear about environmental factors and socioeconomic conditions. The study aims to investigate the incidence of hip fractures treated by the surgery; to compare the sequelae and temporal trends of hip fractures; to evaluate the seasonal effects in the subsequent short-term and long-term morbidities after hip fractures. A cohort study design is conducted using national health research datasets between 2000 and 2010. The ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes were utilized to investigate the incidence of hip fractures and the corresponding treatments...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446787/the-treatment-of-femoral-fractures-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#14
P Persiani, M Murgia, F M Ranaldi, O Mazza, M Mariani, M Crostelli, C Villani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to retrospectively evaluate a group of children affected by cerebral palsy with a recent femoral fracture, and to analyse the results and complications in relation to the treatment used. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analysis was performed on 36 children (21 M, 15 F, 8-14 years old) with cerebral palsy (7 diplegia, 28 tetraparesis, 1 hemiplegia) with a metaphyseal or a diaphyseal femoral fracture. The patients were subdivided into two groups according to their Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level: level 2-3 (9 patients) and level 4-5 (27 patients), evaluating the presence of complications and malunions for each group at the end of each follow up...
January 2018: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445836/bone-loss-after-romosozumab-denosumab-effects-of-bisphosphonates
#15
Anne M Horne, Borislav Mihov, Ian R Reid
Romosozumab and denosumab are monoclonal antibodies for the treatment of osteoporosis. Both have a rapid offset of effect resulting in loss of bone density (BMD) gained on-treatment and, in some cases, multiple vertebral fractures following treatment cessation. We recently reported disappointing results from transitioning patients from denosumab to intravenous zoledronate at the time the next denosumab injection is due. The present report re-assesses the role of bisphosphonates following the use of denosumab...
February 14, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445831/using-a-sequential-explanatory-mixed-method-to-evaluate-the-therapeutic-window-of-opportunity-for-initiating-osteoporosis-treatment-following-fragility-fractures
#16
S Roux, I Gaboury, N Gionet-Landry, M-P Garant, M-C Beaulieu, N Carrier, F Cabana, G Boire
Interventions targeting patients with recent fragility fracture and their physician were most successful at initiating osteoporosis treatment during the first 12 months. This window of opportunity had already closed after 1 year. The reasons for declining or accepting the intensive intervention were explored in patients still untreated at 12 months. INTRODUCTION: A fragility fracture (FF) event identifies patients most likely to benefit from osteoporosis treatment. Nonetheless, most FF patients go untreated...
February 14, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444703/whole-bone-testing-in-small-animals-systematic-characterization-of-the-mechanical-properties-of-different-rodent-bones-available-for-rat-fracture-models
#17
Peter M Prodinger, Peter Foehr, Dominik Bürklein, Oliver Bissinger, Hakan Pilge, Kilian Kreutzer, Rüdiger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Thomas Tischer
OBJECTIVES: Rat fracture models are extensively used to characterize normal and pathological bone healing. Despite, systematic research on inter- and intra-individual differences of common rat bones examined is surprisingly not available. Thus, we studied the biomechanical behaviour and radiological characteristics of the humerus, the tibia and the femur of the male Wistar rat-all of which are potentially available in the experimental situation-to identify useful or detrimental biomechanical properties of each bone and to facilitate sample size calculations...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443839/how-common-and-how-serious-is-clostridium-difficile-colitis-after-geriatric-hip-fracture-findings-from-the-nsqip-dataset
#18
Patawut Bovonratwet, Daniel D Bohl, Glenn S Russo, Nathaniel T Ondeck, Denis Nam, Craig J Della Valle, Jonathan N Grauer
BACKGROUND: Patients with geriatric hip fractures may be at increased risk for postoperative Clostridium difficile colitis, which can cause severe morbidity and can influence hospital quality metrics. However, to our knowledge, no large database study has calculated the incidence of, factors associated with, and effect of C. difficile colitis on geriatric patients undergoing hip fracture surgery. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: To use a large national database with in-hospital and postdischarge data (National Surgical Quality Improvement Program [NSQIP®]) to (1) determine the incidence and timing of C...
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443838/editor-s-spotlight-take-5-how-common-and-how-serious-is-clostridium-difficile-colitis-after-geriatric-hip-fracture-findings-from-the-nsqip-dataset
#19
Seth S Leopold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443832/one-barrel-microsurgical-fibula-flap-for-reconstruction-of-large-defects-of-the-femur
#20
Jung Eun Lee, Min Bom Kim, Do Hwan Han, Sung Hee Pyo, Young Ho Lee
Various methods for reconstructing large femur bone defects after tumor resection have been introduced. In this study, we reviewed the clinical outcomes of using a 1-barrel free vascularized fibular graft (FVFG) protected by a lateral locking plate for large femoral defects not involving the knee joint.Between August 2007 and August 2013, we treated 7 patients with large femoral bone defects after tumor resection. The mean age of the patients was 19 years (range, 12-36 years), and 3 were women. All defects were free of infection before the procedure...
February 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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