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Elbow humerus shoulder fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909754/dual-plate-fixation-on-distal-third-diaphyseal-fracture-of-the-humerus
#1
Jun-Ku Lee, Yun-Sung Choi, Young-Suk Sim, Dae-Sung Choi, Soo-Hong Han
INTRODUCTION: Displaced unstable distal third fractures of the humeral diaphysis are treated surgically through open reduction and internal fixation. Conventionally, surgeons prefer using long plates for secure fixation; however, we performed short plate dual plating for robust fixation that required a smaller incision and less dissection through an anterior approach. In this study, we report the results of dual plating of fractures of the humeral shaft, with radiographic evidence and clinical analysis...
December 1, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904727/influence-of-early-bisphosphonate-administration-for-fracture-healing-in-patients-with-osteoporotic-proximal-humerus-fractures
#2
Joong-Bae Seo, Jae-Sung Yoo, Jee-Won Ryu, Kun-Woong Yu
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonates are generally known to adversely affect fracture healing because they inhibit osteoclastic bone resorption. However, some authors argue that bisphosphonates have no adverse effect on the restoration of the mechanical integrity of long bones after fractures. It is unclear whether bisphosphonates can be initiated safely in patients with acute proximal humerus fractures. The aim of this study was to determine whether the early use of a bisphosphonate affects healing and outcomes of osteoporotic proximal humerus fractures treated with a locking compression plate...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904716/is-anterior-bridge-plating-for-mid-shaft-humeral-fractures-a-suitable-option-for-patients-predominantly-involved-in-overhead-activities-a-functional-outcome-study-in-athletes-and-manual-laborers
#3
Abhishek S Mahajan, Young Gun Kim, Jae Hwa Kim, Prashanth D'sa, Azhar Lakhani, Hyun Soo Ok
BACKGROUND: To assess the functional and radiological outcomes of minimally invasive anterior bridge plating (ABP) for mid-shaft humerus fractures in patients predominantly involved in overhead activities (athletes and manual laborers). METHODS: Forty-eight patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were treated with ABP at a level-I trauma center using a 4.5-mm dynamic/locking compression plate and followed for a period of 1 year. Functional outcome was assessed using the Constant, Mayo elbow, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scores...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900709/double-locking-precontoured-plating-system-for-malunited-fractures-of-the-distal-end-of-humerus
#4
L Tarallo, R Mugnai, M Rocchi, C Rovesta, F Catani
BACKGROUND: Distal humeral malunions are uncommon injuries, often associated with limited elbow motion, pain, instability, weakness, and sometimes ulnar neuritis. The complex anatomy of the elbow joint makes this condition one of the most complex elbow injuries to treat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four patients were treated by the same surgeon between 2011 and 2013 using a double-locking precontoured plating system for malunited intra-articular or extra-articular fractures of the distal end of the humerus...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847845/long-term-results-functional-outcomes-and-complications-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-neglected-and-displaced-greater-tuberosity-of-humerus-fractures
#5
Morteza Nakhaei Amroodi, Vahid Behshad, Paniz Motaghi
BACKGROUND: Humerus fractures include 5% to 8% of total fractures. Non-union and delayed union of GT (GT) fractures is uncommon; however they present a challenge to the orthopedic surgeons. Significant controversy surrounds optimal treatment of neglected fractures. The purpose of this article was to perform a comparative study to evaluate the outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of neglected GT fractures. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the results of surgical intervention in 12 patients with displaced nonunion of GT fractures who were referred to our center...
October 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806538/epidemiology-of-the-upper-extremity-trauma-in-a-traumatic-center-in-iran
#6
Maryam Ameri, Kamran Aghakhani, Ebrahim Ameri, Shahrokh Mehrpisheh, Azadeh Memarian
INTRODUCTION: Orthopedic injuries are the most common types of traumatic injuries and present as fractures of the limbs, pelvis, and vertebrae or lesions in soft tissues, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. The upper limb fractures occur in distal radius and ulna, metacarpals, fingers, scapula, and carpal bones, Proximal, diaphysis, distal humerus, clavicle, proximal ulna and radio and distal humero and humero, radio, ulna, and metacarpo. The objective of this project was to accurately describe the occurrence of injuries of the upper extremity and the mechanisms of such injuries in a representative sample of Iranian population...
August 10, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793135/operative-treatment-of-2-part-surgical-neck-fractures-of-the-proximal-humerus-ao-11-a3-in-the-elderly-cement-augmented-locking-plate-philos%C3%A2-vs-proximal-humerus-nail-multiloc%C3%A2
#7
Tobias Helfen, Georg Siebenbürger, Marcel Mayer, Wolfgang Böcker, Ben Ockert, Florian Haasters
BACKGROUND: Proximal humeral fractures are with an incidence of 4-5 % the third most common fractures in the elderly. In 20 % of humeral fractures there is an indication for surgical treatment according to the modified Neer-Criteria. A secondary varus dislocation of the head fragment and cutting-out are the most common complications of angle stable locking plates in AO11-A3 fractures of the elderly. One possibility to increase the stability of the screw-bone-interface is the cement augmentation of the screw tips...
October 28, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768680/treatment-of-periprosthetic-humerus-fractures-with-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation
#8
Jennifer Kurowicki, Enesi Momoh, Jonathan C Levy
Periprosthetic humerus fractures are relatively uncommon occurrence that can be difficult to manage nonoperatively. Locking plate technology has enhanced the surgical management of these fractures. However, adequate fixation around the stem remains of some concern. We describe an osteosynthesis technique using a locking plate utilizing eccentrically placed screw holes to place "skive screws" in the proximal end of the plate to achieve fixation around the stem of the implant. A clinical series of 5 consecutive patients treated with this technique is presented with an average follow-up of 29 months (range, 12-48)...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620541/trends-in-upper-extremity-fracture-caseload-reporting-during-orthopaedic-residency
#9
Richard M Hinds, Michael B Gottschalk, Kenneth A Egol, John T Capo
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this investigation were to report temporal trends in resident performed upper extremity fracture procedures and analyze case volume variability. METHODS: Orthopaedic resident case logs from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education were reviewed for graduating years 2007 to 2014. The mean number of wrist, forearm, elbow, humerus, and shoulder fracture-dislocation procedures performed by residents was analyzed. The median number of procedures reported by the top 30% and bottom 30% of residents (by case volume) was also recorded...
September 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535738/axillary-artery-pseudoaneurysm-resulting-in-brachial-plexus-injury-in-a-patient-taking-new-oral-anticoagulants
#10
Mohammed Monem, Mohamad Khalid Iskandarani, Kishan Gokaraju
We discuss the case of an independent 80-year-old Caucasian woman, being treated with new oral anticoagulants for a previous deep vein thrombosis, who had fallen on her right shoulder. She made a delayed presentation to the emergency department with a wrist drop in her right dominant hand. She had right arm bruising with good distal pulses but had a global neurological deficit in the hand. Plain radiographs of the shoulder, humerus, elbow, forearm and wrist demonstrated no fractures. MRI showed a significant right axillary lesion distorting the surrounding soft tissues, including the brachial plexus, and CT with contrast confirmed this to be a large axillary pseudoaneurysm...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424532/triceps-reflecting-anconeus-pedicle-approach-with-double-precontoured-locking-plate-fixation-is-efficient-in-the-treatment-of-orthopaedic-trauma-association-type-c-distal-humerus-fracture
#11
Ying-Chao Chou, Yung-Heng Hsu, Yi-Hsun Yu, Chi-Chuan Wu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine if the triceps-reflecting anconeus pedicle (TRAP) approach combined with the precontoured locking plate can provide acceptable clinical outcomes in the treatment of comminuted distal humerus fracture. METHODS: Between August 2008 and June 2014, 48 patients with Orthopaedic Trauma Association type C (21 with C2, 27 with C3) distal humerus fractures underwent open reduction and internal fixation with orthogonal precontoured locking plate fixation using the TRAP approach...
October 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299099/orthogonal-double-plating-and-autologous-bone-grafting-of-postoperative-humeral-shaft-nonunion-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#12
Sreenivasulu Metikala, Prabhudheer Bhogadi
INTRODUCTION: Nonunion following surgical stabilization of humeral shaft fractures, although infrequent, remains a challenge as limited surgical options are available. The difficulties in re-fixation are due to osteolysis produced by the loose implant components and disuse osteopenia of the entire bone segment. We share our experience in the management of a long standing diaphyseal nonunion of humerus following titanium LCP fixation. CASE REPORT: A 58 years old woman presented with 20 months old nonunion following titanium LCP fixation of her closed humeral shaft fracture, done elsewhere...
October 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194158/survey-study-suggests-that-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-is-becoming-the-treatment-of-choice-for-four-part-fractures-of-the-humeral-head-in-the-elderly
#13
David D Savin, Ina Zamfirova, Joseph Iannotti, Benjamin A Goldberg, Ari R Youderian
PURPOSE: The role of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) for three and four-part proximal humerus fractures is evolving. However, there does not appear to be a clear consensus amongst surgeons. The purpose of this study is to further define the standard of care, assessing surgeon preference and treatment considerations for management of such fractures. METHODS: Orthopaedic surgeons were surveyed on their training, practice setting, and experience regarding management of four-part proximal humerus fractures...
September 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194107/cementless-anatomical-prosthesis-for-the-treatment-of-3-part-and-4-part-proximal-humerus-fractures-cadaver-study-and-prospective-clinical-study-with-minimum-2-years-followup
#14
Laurent Obert, Rachid Saadnia, François Loisel, Julien Uhring, Antoine Adam, Séverin Rochet, Pascal Clappaz, Tristan Lascar
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional and radiological outcomes of a cementless, trauma-specific locked stem for 3- and 4-part proximal humeral fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study consisted of two parts: a cadaver study with 22 shoulders and a multicenter prospective clinical study of 23 fracture patients evaluated at least 2 years after treatment. In the cadaver study, the locked stem (Humelock(TM), FX Solutions) and its instrumentation were evaluated...
2016: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162917/management-of-intrarticular-fractures-of-distal-end-of-humerus-using-modification-of-the-triceps-aponeurosis-tongue-approach
#15
Saurabh Sharma, Mukesh Tiwari, Hemant Chaturvedi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the functional outcome and extensor apparatus of operative management of intra-articular fractures of distal humerus using modification of the Triceps Tongue Flap approach. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted between June, 2012 to April,2014 in NIMS Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan(India). We included 23 patients with intraarticular fractures of distal humerus that were managed surgically. Modification of Triceps Tongue Flap approach with Triceps flap in inverted 'V' shape was used...
October 2015: Bull Emerg Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27135080/the-comparison-of-triceps-reflecting-anconeus-pedicle-and-olecranon-osteotomy-approaches-in-the-treatment-of-intercondylar-fractures-of-the-humerus
#16
İbrahim Azboy, Mehmet Bulut, Cahit Ancar, Abdullah Demirtaş, Emin Özkul, Mehmet Gem, Hilmi Karadeniz, Hüseyin Arslan
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the functional outcomes of patients with intra-articular distal humerus fractures treated with triceps-reflecting anconeus pedicle (TRAP) and olecranon osteotomy. METHODS: Forty patients with intra-articular distal humerus fractures were retrospectively analyzed. TRAP approach was used in 22 patients (12 males, 10 females; mean age 37.8 years, range 17-70), and olecranon osteotomy in 18 patients (11 males, 7 females; mean age 35...
January 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26988227/medial-approach-to-treat-humeral-mid-shaft-fractures-a-retrospective-study
#17
Shun Lu, Junwei Wu, Shihong Xu, Baisheng Fu, Jinlei Dong, Yongliang Yang, Guodong Wang, Maoyuan Xin, Qinghu Li, Tong-Chuan He, Fu Wang, Dongsheng Zhou
BACKGROUND: Plate fixation is the gold standard for diaphyseal fracture management, and the anterolateral approach is widely used by reconstructive surgeons. However, the outcomes of humeral shaft fracture fixation using a medial approach are rarely reported. The aim of this study is to explore the management and outcomes of humeral mid-shaft fractures fixed through a medial incision. METHODS: Thirty-four patients who sustained a humeral mid-shaft fracture and underwent an open-reduction internal fixation (ORIF) in our department between January 2010 and January 2013 were included in this study...
2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26947731/comparison-of-intramedullary-fibular-allograft-with-locking-compression-plate-versus-shoulder-hemi-arthroplasty-for-repair-of-osteoporotic-four-part-proximal-humerus-fracture-consecutive-prospective-controlled-and-comparative-study
#18
H Chen, X Ji, Y Gao, L Zhang, Q Zhang, X Liang, P Tang
OBJECTIVES: To compare the outcomes of intramedullary fibular allograft (IFA) with locking compression plates (LCPs) versus shoulder hemi-arthroplasty (HA) in osteoporotic four-part proximal humeral fracture (PHF). METHODS: Between January 2010 and December 2012, totally 60 cases with osteoporotic four-part PHF were enrolled in this study and were randomly separated into IFA and LCPs group and HA group (n=30). Additionally, surgery indexes for patients in the two groups, such as Constant-Murley score (CMS), the Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score, individual subject evaluation of the outcomes, plain X-ray, and computer tomography (CT) scanning were evaluated and compared...
May 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26929794/triangular-fixation-technique-for-bicolumn-restoration-in-treatment-of-distal-humerus-intercondylar-fracture
#19
Sung-Weon Jung, Seung-Hoon Kang, Min Jeong, Hae-Seong Lim
BACKGROUND: Distal humerus intercondylar fractures are intra-articular and comminuted fractures involving soft tissue injury. As distal humerus is triangle-shaped, parallel plating coupled with articular fixation would be suitable for bicolumn restoration in treatment of distal humerus intercondylar fracture. METHODS: This study included 38 patients (15 males and 23 females) who underwent olecranon osteotomy, open reduction and internal fixation with the triangle-shaped cannulated screw and parallel locking plates (triangular fixation technique)...
March 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26897312/outcomes-of-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-as-primary-versus-revision-procedure-for-proximal-humerus-fractures
#20
Bobby Dezfuli, Joseph J King, Kevin W Farmer, Aimee M Struk, Thomas W Wright
BACKGROUND: Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) has been shown to be an effective treatment for proximal humerus fracture (PHF). This study evaluates outcomes of all patients with PHF treated with RTSA as a primary procedure for acute PHF, a delayed primary procedure for symptomatic PHF malunion or nonunion, a revision procedure for failed PHF hemiarthroplasty (HA), or a revision procedure for failed open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). METHODS: Patients who underwent RTSA for PHF were evaluated for active range of motion and Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), Simple Shoulder Test-12, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES), University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder rating scale, Constant, and 12-Item Short Form Health Survey scores...
July 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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