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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345195/diagnosing-neonatal-transphyseal-fractures-of-the-distal-humerus
#1
Matthew Kay, Carly Simpkins, Peter Shipman, Colin Whitewood
A traumatic birth can cause significant upper limb injury; the presenting features are non-specific and the differential diagnosis long. Transphyseal fractures of the distal humerus are a rare but clinically important birth injury. This injury has typical radiographic findings, which due to the un-ossified nature of the distal humeral epiphysis can easily be misinterpreted. This article presents the radiographic appearance correlated with arthrography, ultrasound and MRI obtained from four cases of neonatal transphyseal fracture of the distal humerus...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341102/bicolumnar-90-90-plating-of-ao-13c-type-fractures
#2
Cemal Kural, Ersin Ercin, Mehmet Erkilinc, Evren Karaali, Mustafa Gokhan Bilgili, Suleyman Altun
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate functional results and complication rate of patients who underwent medial-dorsolateral plating for intra-articular distal humeral fracture (Müller AO type 13C). METHODS: Twenty-four patients (14 men, 10 women; mean age: 47 years) with AO type 13C distal humerus fracture were included in the study. Mean follow-up time was 28 months. Nine patients were in 13C1 subgroup, according to AO classification system, 11 patients were categorized as 13C2, and 4 patients were 13C3...
March 21, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340130/falling-down-on-the-job-evaluation-and-treatment-of-fall-risk-among-older-adults-with-upper-extremity-fragility-fractures
#3
Christine M McDonough, Carrie H Colla, Donald Carmichael, Anna N A Tosteson, Tor D Tosteson, John-Erik Bell, Robert V Cantu, Jonathan D Lurie, Julie P W Bynum
Background: Clinical practice guidelines recommend fall risk assessment and intervention for older adults who sustain a fall-related injury to prevent future injury and mobility decline. Objective: To describe how often Medicare beneficiaries with upper extremity fracture receive evaluation and treatment for fall risk. Design: Observational cohort. Methods Subjects: Fee-for-service beneficiaries age 66 to 99 treated as outpatients for proximal humerus or distal radius/ulna ("wrist") fragility fractures were studied using Carrier and Outpatient Hospital files...
March 2, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337901/cardiopathy-and-osteoporosis-the-epidemiology-in-a-region-of-italy
#4
A Notarnicola, G Maccagnano, L Moretti, S Tafuri, B Moretti
Cardiopathies and osteoporosis are inter-related due to pathogenetic, hormonal, genetic features as well as an increased risk of fragility. An important feature is attributed to the process of atherosclerosis, which is responsible for an osteopenia effect and degeneration of vascular walls. To date the study populations have been limited. To verify the incidence of cardio-vascular disease in a larger osteoporotic population, we designed a retrospective clinical study analyzing the “Hospital Discharge Data” (HDD) in Apulia between 2006 and 2010...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333947/surgical-interventions-to-treat-humerus-shaft-fractures-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Jia-Guo Zhao, Jia Wang, Xiao-Hui Meng, Xian-Tie Zeng, Shi-Lian Kan
BACKGROUND: There are three main surgical techniques to treat humeral shaft fractures: open reduction and plate fixation (ORPF), intramedullary nail (IMN) fixation, and minimally invasive percutaneous osteosynthesis (MIPO). We performed a network meta-analysis to compare three surgical procedures, including ORPF, IMN fixation, and MIPO, to provide the optimum treatment for humerus shaft fractures. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, and Cochrane library were researched for reports published up to May 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331961/-corrective-osteotomies-for-posttraumatic-elbow-deformities
#6
J Nowotny, F Thielemann, A Biewener, K D Schaser
OBJECTIVES: Correcion of elbow joint deformities that usually develop secondary to direct or indirect trauma of the arm or elbow with subsequent inadequate healing and consecutive axial/rotational malalignment and may be associated with cosmetic or functional deficits of the arm. INDICATIONS: Relevant malalignment of the arm axis with corresponding cosmetic or functional deficits for the patient. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Pre-existing degenerative and chronic inflammatory changes...
March 22, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330420/arthroplasty-treatment-of-proximal-humerus-fractures-14-year-trends-in-the-united-states
#7
William W Schairer, Benedict U Nwachukwu, Stephen Lyman, Lawrence V Gulotta
OBJECTIVES: Proximal humerus fractures are a common injury in the elderly population that can usually be managed non-operatively. However, arthroplasty has become increasingly utilized for complex fractures and poor bone quality. We evaluated national trends in treatment, specifically looking at the adoption of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: The incidence of proximal humerus fractures was calculated from the Nationwide Emergency Department Database (NEDD) from 2006-2012...
March 22, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328742/treatment-of-proximal-humerus-fractures-in-children-with-a-modified-palm-tree-technique
#8
Ayman M Ali, Sallam I Fawzy, Medhat Moaty, Mohamed Abelaziz
Although most pediatric proximal humeral fractures can be successfully treated conservatively with satisfactory results, many operative techniques have been described for the treatment of displaced proximal humeral fractures. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous fixation using a modified palm tree technique for proximal humerus fractures in children. Between March 2011 and May 2013, the modified palm tree technique was used for the management of 30 children (20 boys and 10 girls) with displaced proximal humeral fractures...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325156/-the-reversed-shoulder-prosthesis
#9
J van Rijn, T Gosens
In patients aged over 70 years, a non-functioning rotator cuff is an indication for a reversed shoulder prosthesis. Here we describe an 84-year-old woman with rotator cuff arthropathy and a 76-year-old man with a proximal humerus fracture, who both received a reversed shoulder prosthesis. This prosthesis decreases pain and improves the range of movement; however, the high risk of complications associated with this prosthesis should be taken into account and should be discussed preoperatively.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319141/heightened-clinical-utility-of-smartphone-versus-body-worn-inertial-system-for-shoulder-function-b-b-score
#10
Claude Pichonnaz, Kamiar Aminian, Céline Ancey, Hervé Jaccard, Estelle Lécureux, Cyntia Duc, Alain Farron, Brigitte M Jolles, Nigel Gleeson
BACKGROUND: The B-B Score is a straightforward kinematic shoulder function score including only two movements (hand to the Back + lift hand as to change a Bulb) that demonstrated sound measurement properties for patients for various shoulder pathologies. However, the B-B Score results using a smartphone or a reference system have not yet been compared. Provided that the measurement properties are comparable, the use of a smartphone would offer substantial practical advantages. This study investigated the concurrent validity of a smartphone and a reference inertial system for the measurement of the kinematic shoulder function B-B Score...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314869/-operative-treatment-of-terrible-triad-injury-of-the-elbow-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation
#11
R Babst, C Schraner, F J P Beeres
AIM OF SURGERY: Reconstruction of the most important ligamentous and osseus structures of the elbow after terrible triad injury via the radial head to the lateral collateral ligament complex (LCL) and if necessary beginning at the coronoid process. The aim is a stable concentrically guided elbow with early functional follow-up treatment. The approach depends on the intraoperatively tested stability. INDICATIONS: Osteoligamentous terrible triad injury pattern with or without subluxation position following reduction and temporary immobilization...
March 17, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304116/diagnostic-accuracy-of-computed-tomography-guided-biopsy-in-pathological-fractures
#12
Christopher M Stokes, Osama Elsewaisy, Grant Pang, John L Slavin, Stephen M Schlicht, Peter F M Choong
BACKGROUND: Obtaining a histological diagnosis is essential for appropriate management of pathological fractures. Computed tomography (CT) is an accurate method of obtaining diagnosis for musculoskeletal tumours. We analysed whether diagnostic accuracy was maintained in the evaluation of pathological fractures. METHODS: A retrospective review of 101 consecutive patients presenting to our tertiary musculoskeletal tumour centre with pathological fracture was performed...
March 17, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302267/spiral-fracture-of-the-humerus-after-a-tennis-serve
#13
Andreas Hüfner, Christoph Dodt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301321/giant-parathyroid-adenoma-associated-with-severe-hypercalcemia-in-an-adolescent-patient
#14
Kinyas Kartal, Nurcihan Aygun, Mujdat Bankaoglu, Alper Ozel, Mehmet Uludag
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to bring attention to the importance of differential diagnosis in adolescent patients with skeletal involvement and hypercalcemia. CASE: A 17-year-old male patient with a complaint of severe leg pain was admitted to our hospital. Seven months before he had a fracture of his distal humerus after falling on to his left shoulder and was treated conservatively. Five months previously, he had a rupture of his quadriceps tendon...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289904/shoulder-arthroscopy-combined-to-hardware-removal-in-proximal-humeral-fractures-a-series-of-58-cases-with-a-mean-follow-up-of-2%C3%A2-years
#15
Ch Maroun, D Aliani, A Hass, J D Werthel, Anne Vidil, Ph Valenti
BACKGROUND: Proximal humerus fractures are common injuries. Locking plates and anterograde medullary nails are the two most common fixation devices used when open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is indicated. Complications related to fracture and to hardware are numerous, especially shoulder stiffness. The goal of this study is to report the clinical outcomes of gleno-humeral arthroscopic arthrolysis combined with hardware removal. METHODS: A total of 58 patients (25 men, 33 women) with a mean age of 58 years (24-79) were reviewed retrospectively...
March 13, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288688/postoperative-brachial-artery-entrapment-associated-with-pediatric-supracondylar-fracture-of-the-humerus-a-case-report
#16
David Latz, Jan Grassmann, Erik Schiffner, Sebastian Gehrmann, Mansur Duran, Joachim Windolf, Pascal Jungbluth
BACKGROUND: Severely displaced supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children are frequently associated with complications including neurovascular injuries, non-union, or compartment syndrome. In the current literature, no report exists about postoperative brachial artery entrapment in combination with an inconspicuous preoperative neurovascular examination. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 6-year-old white boy with a pulseless radial and ulnar artery after open reduction and internal fixation of a severely displaced supracondylar fracture of his right humerus (Gartland type III) using four K-wires...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286822/ability-of-ultrasonography-in-detection-of-different-extremity-bone-fractures-a-case-series-study
#17
Farzad Bozorgi, Massoud Shayesteh Azar, Seyed Hossein Montazer, Aroona Chabra, Seyed Farshad Heidari, Alireza Khalilian
INTRODUCTION: Despite radiography being the gold standard in evaluation of orthopedic injuries, using bedside ultrasonography has several potential supremacies such as avoiding exposure to ionizing radiation, availability in pre-hospital settings, being extensively accessible, and ability to be used on the bedside. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography in detection of extremity bone fractures. METHODS: This study is a case series study, which was prospectively conducted on multiple blunt trauma patients, who were 18 years old or older, had stable hemodynamic, Glasgow coma scale 15, and signs or symptoms of a possible extremity bone fracture...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286622/the-role-of-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-management-of-proximal-humerus-fractures-with-fracture-sequelae-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
James Holton, Tahir Yousri, George Arealis, Ofer Levy
Fracture sequelae of the proximal humerus poses a complex management decision due to the frequent deformity and its consequences on the peri-articular soft tissues. These patients are frequently elderly with significant medical comorbidities. Due to the age of the patient there is frequently rotator cuff deficiency and therefore the reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) becomes the arthroplasty of choice. We have performed a systematic review of the literature and report nine studies presenting RSA for the treatment of fracture sequelae of the proximal humerus...
February 20, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280846/obesity-type-2-diabetes-and-bone-in-adults
#19
REVIEW
Jennifer S Walsh, Tatiane Vilaca
In an increasingly obese and ageing population, type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and osteoporotic fracture are major public health concerns. Understanding how obesity and type 2 diabetes modulate fracture risk is important to identify and treat people at risk of fracture. Additionally, the study of the mechanisms of action of obesity and T2DM on bone has already offered insights that may be applicable to osteoporosis in the general population. Most available evidence indicates lower risk of proximal femur and vertebral fracture in obese adults...
March 9, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271088/axillary-artery-injury-associated-with-proximal-humerus-fracture-a-report-of-6-cases
#20
Rinne M Peters, Mariano E Menendez, Jos J Mellema, David Ring, R Malcolm Smith
Proximal humerus fractures are common, but associated injury of the axillary artery is uncommon. The majority of published blunt traumatic axillary artery injuries are associated with anterior glenohumeral dislocation; a few are associated with isolated proximal humerus fractures or fracture-dislocation. Experience within our institution demonstrates that axillary artery injury is often unrecognized on initial presentation owing to palpable peripheral pulses and the absence of ischemia and places the hand at risk of necrosis and amputation if there is prolonged ischemia and the forearm at risk of compartment syndrome after revascularization...
January 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
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