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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850252/a-cross-sectional-multicenter-study-of-workplace-violence-against-prehospital-emergency-medical-technicians
#1
Seyed Hamid Hosseinikia, Shekufeh Zarei, Majid Najafi Kalyani, Sepideh Tahamtan
Background and Purpose: Workplace violence is a global phenomenon and violation of human rights affects the people's self-esteem and quality of work and causes inequality, discrimination, disorder, and conflict at work. The present study was carried out aiming at determining the workplace violence against the prehospital emergency medical technicians (PEMTs) in three provinces of Fars, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, and Bushehr, Iran. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional multicenter study in which 206 PEMTs from Fars, Bushehr, and Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces participated...
2018: Emergency Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806546/the-impact-of-an-emergency-medical-technician-basic-course-prior-to-medical-school-on-medical-students
#2
Tasha R Wyatt, Elena A Wood, John McManus, Kevin Ma, Paul M Wallach
BACKGROUND: Previous research on Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) programs as an early clinical experience indicates that medical students' confidence in patient care and team-building skills increases with participation. However, very little is known about the unplanned, long-term effects of EMT courses on medical students once they enter medical school. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the immediate outcomes produced by the month-long summer EMT course and the unplanned outcomes that students reported 1 year later...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796140/the-effect-of-wilderness-and-medical-training-on-injury-and-altitude-preparedness-among-backcountry-hikers-in-rocky-mountain-national-park
#3
Michael D T Yue, David W Spivey, Daniel B Gingold, Douglas G Sward
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to document the correlation between medical and wilderness training with levels of preparedness for acute mountain sickness (AMS), illness, and injury among backcountry hikers. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, convenience survey in Rocky Mountain National Park in July and August 2015. The study group consisted of 380 hikers who completed a written survey that collected information about demographics, wilderness experience, altitude experience, hiking equipment, communications devices, and trip planning...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779623/educating-emergency-department-staff-on-the-identification-and-treatment-of-human-trafficking-victims
#4
Steven Donahue, Michael Schwien, Danielle LaVallee
INTRODUCTION: Hospitalization is one of the few circumstances in which the lives of trafficking victims intersect with the general population. Based on survivor testimonies, the majority of human trafficking victims may receive medical treatment in a hospital's emergency department while in captivity. With evidenced-based training, ED personnel have a better opportunity to screen persons who are being trafficked and intervene on their behalf. METHODS: This project examined the efficacy of an innovative, evidence-based online training module (HTEmergency...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768077/strategy-to-address-private-location-cardiac-arrest-a-public-safety-survey
#5
Jennifer Blackwood, Mickey Eisenberg, Dawn Jorgenson, James Nania, Bryan Howard, Bryan Collins, Peter Connell, Tim Day, Cody Rohrbach, Thomas Rea
OBJECTIVE: Most cardiac arrests occur in the private setting where response is often delayed and outcomes are poor. We surveyed public safety personnel to determine if they would volunteer to respond into private locations and/or be equipped with a personal automated external defibrillator (AED) as part of a vetted responder program that would use smart geospatial technology. METHODS: We conducted an anonymized survey among personnel from fire-based emergency medical services (EMS) and search and rescue organizations from Washington State...
May 16, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716958/provider-perspectives-on-partnering-with-parents-of-hospitalized-children-to-improve-safety
#6
Rebecca E Rosenberg, Emily Williams, Neesha Ramchandani, Peri Rosenfeld, Beth Silber, Juliette Schlucter, Gail Geraghty, Susan Sullivan-Bolyai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is increasing emphasis on the importance of patient and family engagement for improving patient safety. Our purpose in this study was to understand health care team perspectives on parent-provider safety partnerships for hospitalized US children to complement a parallel study of parent perspectives. METHODS: Our research team, including a family advisor, conducted semistructured interviews and focus groups of a purposive sample of 20 inpatient pediatric providers (nurses, patient care technicians, physicians) in an acute-care pediatric unit at a US urban tertiary hospital...
June 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704977/outcomes-of-an-innovative-evidence-based-practice-project-building-a-difficult-access-team-in-the-emergency-department
#7
Madeleine Whalen, Barbara Maliszewski, Rebecca Sheinfeld, Heather Gardner, Diana Baptiste
PROBLEM: Difficult venous access is a common problem in health care-especially in the emergency setting-that relies on quick diagnostics to differentiate patient acuities and administer critical medications. The creation of a dedicated team to address difficult venous access (DVA) is a possible solution to the problems of delayed venous access, yet no studies have been published on implementing such a team in the emergency department. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study in an urban emergency department...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666125/patient-safety-climate-in-general-public-hospitals-in-china-differences-associated-with-department-and-job-type-based-on-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Ping Zhou, Fei Bai, Hui-Qin Tang, Jie Bai, Min-Qi Li, Di Xue
OBJECTIVE: This study analysed differences in the perceived patient safety climate among different working departments and job types in public general hospitals in China. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Eighteen tertiary hospitals and 36 secondary hospitals from 10 areas in Shanghai, Hubei Province and Gansu Province, China. PARTICIPANTS: Overall, 4753 staff, including physicians, nurses, medical technicians and managers, were recruited from March to June 2015...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657235/reduction-in-door-to-balloon-time-with-training-for-effective-and-efficient-action-in-medical-service-better-process-teams-bp-at-a-community-hospital-in-japan
#9
Hiroki Isono, Tetsuhiro Maeno, Shigeyuki Watanabe
ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a fatal condition. Prompt primary percutaneous coronary intervention is associated with lower mortality. However, community hospitals in Japan lack human and medical resources, and implementation of the same strategies as those used in the USA, such as an on-call cardiologist at the hospital, to achieve a door-to-balloon time of ≤ 90 min appears particularly challenging. Therefore, we used Training for Effective and Efficient Action in Medical Service-Better Process (TEAMS-BP) to develop a new process and assessed its effectiveness in reducing door-to-balloon time...
April 2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613919/addressing-dual-patient-and-staff-safety-through-a-team-based-standardized-patient-simulation-for-agitation-management-in-the-emergency-department
#10
Ambrose H Wong, Marc A Auerbach, Halley Ruppel, Lauren J Crispino, Alana Rosenberg, Joanne D Iennaco, Federico E Vaca
INTRODUCTION: Emergency departments (EDs) have seen harm rise for both patients and health workers from an increasing rate of agitation events. Team effectiveness during care of this population is particularly challenging because fear of physical harm leads to competing interests. Simulation is frequently employed to improve teamwork in medical resuscitations but has not yet been reported to address team-based behavioral emergency care. As part of a larger investigation of agitated patient care, we designed this secondary study to examine the impact of an interprofessional standardized patient simulation for ED agitation management...
June 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572041/naloxone-access-for-emergency-medical-technicians-an-evaluation-of-a-training-program-in-rural-communities
#11
Xiangjun Zhang, Christopher Marchand, Bobbie Sullivan, Evan M Klass, Karla D Wagner
INTRODUCTION: Opioid-related overdose death rates in rural communities in the United States are much higher than their urban counterparts. However, basic life support (BLS) personnel, who are more common in rural areas, have much lower rates of naloxone administration than other levels of emergency medical services (EMS). Training and equipping basic level Emergency Medical Technician (EMTs) to administer naloxone for an opioid overdose could yield positive outcomes. METHODS: Following a legislative change that allowed EMTs to administer naloxone in one rural state, we evaluated an EMT training program by examining EMTs' opioid overdose knowledge and attitudes before and after the training...
March 5, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563847/development-of-new-core-competencies-for-taiwanese-emergency-medical-technicians
#12
Yu-Tung Chang, Kuang-Chau Tsai, Brett Williams
Objectives: Core competencies are considered the foundation for establishing Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) and paramedic curricula, and for ensuring performance standards in the delivery of prehospital care. This study surveyed EMT instructors and medical directors to identify the most desirable core competencies for all levels of EMTs in Taiwan. Methods: A principal components analysis with Varimax rotation was conducted. An online questionnaire was distributed to obtain perspectives of EMT instructors and medical directors on the most desirable core competencies for EMTs...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519760/emergency-medical-technician-performed-point-of-care-blood-analysis-using-the-capillary-blood-obtained-from-skin-puncture
#13
Changsun Kim, Hansol Kim
OBJECTIVE: Comparing a point-of-care (POC) test using the capillary blood obtained from skin puncture with conventional laboratory tests. METHODS: In this study, which was conducted at the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital in April-July 2017, 232 patients were enrolled, and three types of blood samples (capillary blood from skin puncture, arterial and venous blood from blood vessel puncture) were simultaneously collected. Each blood sample was analyzed using a POC analyzer (epoc® system, USA), an arterial blood gas analyzer (pHOx®Ultra, Nova biomedical, USA) and venous blood analyzers (AU5800, DxH2401, Beckman Coulter, USA)...
December 9, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519189/trusting-early-learners-with-critical-professional-activities-through-emergency-medical-technician-certification
#14
Judith Brenner, Jeffrey Bird, Samara B Ginzburg, Thomas Kwiatkowski, Vincent Papasodero, William Rennie, Elisabeth Schlegel, Olle Ten Cate, Joanne M Willey
BACKGROUND: Two dominant themes face medical education: developing integrated curricula and improving the undergraduate medical education (UME) to graduate medical education (GME) transition. An innovative solution to both of these challenges at the Zucker School of Medicine has been the application of the cognitive apprenticeship framework in requiring emergency medical technician (EMT) certification during the first course in medical school as the core on which to build an integrated curriculum and provide entrustable clinical skills...
March 8, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485328/national-systematic-legal-review-of-state-policies-on-emergency-medical-services-licensure-levels-authority-to-administer-opioid-antagonists
#15
Jeremiah M Kinsman, Kathy Robinson
OBJECTIVE: Previous research conducted in November 2013 found there were a limited number of states and territories in the United States (US) that authorize emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and emergency medical responders (EMRs) to administer opioid antagonists. Given the continued increase in the number of opioid-related overdoses and deaths, many states have changed their policies to authorize EMTs and EMRs to administer opioid antagonists. The goal of this study is to provide an updated description of policy on EMS licensure levels' authority to administer opioid antagonists for all 50 US states, the District of Columbia (DC), and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (PR)...
February 27, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468628/acceptability-and-perceived-utility-of-drone-technology-among-emergency-medical-service-responders-and-incident-commanders-for-mass-casualty-incident-management
#16
Alexander Hart, Peter R Chai, Matthew K Griswold, Jeffrey T Lai, Edward W Boyer, John Broach
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to understand the acceptability and perceived utility of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) technology to Mass Casualty Incidents (MCI) scene management. DESIGN: Qualitative questionnaires regarding the ease of operation, perceived usefulness, and training time to operate UAVs were administered to Emergency Medical Technicians (n = 15). SETTING: A Single Urban New England Academic Tertiary Care Medical Center. PARTICIPANTS: Front-line emergency medical service (EMS) providers and senior EMS personnel in Incident Commander roles...
2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435339/perceptions-regarding-utilization-of-meteorological-information-in-healthcare-in-korea-a-qualitative-study
#17
Minsu Ock, Eun Young Choi, Inbo Oh, Seok Hyeon Yun, Yoo-Keun Kim, Hyunsu Kim, Min-Woo Jo, Jiho Lee
Background: Health forecasting has been used in an attempt to provide timely and tailored meteorological information to patients and healthcare providers so that they might take appropriate actions to mitigate health risks and manage healthcare-related needs. This study examined the in-depth perceptions of healthcare providers and the general public regarding the utilization of meteorological information in the healthcare system in Korea. Methods: The COREQ (Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research) checklist was applied to this study...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402633/first-aid-management-of-tonic-clonic-seizures-among-healthcare-personnel-a-survey-by-the-apulian-section-of-the-italian-league-against-epilepsy
#18
Tommaso Martino, Alessandra Lalla, Elena Carapelle, Maria Teresa Di Claudio, Carlo Avolio, Giuseppe d'Orsi
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the knowledge of healthcare workers about first-aid measures to be performed during and after a tonic-clonic seizure. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-four healthcare workers (86 physicians) working at 8 tertiary hospitals in the Apulia region, Italy, responded to a questionnaire comprising of 28 questions based on available Italian and international recommendations about what to do during a tonic-clonic seizure. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-four healthcare workers completed and returned surveys with a response rate of 96...
March 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402615/improving-call-to-door-time-using-school-based-intervention-by-emergency-medical-technicians-the-akashi-project
#19
Takuro Arimizu, Chiaki Yokota, Shinya Tomari, Tenyu Hino, Shinichi Wada, Hideyuki Ohnishi, Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Minematsu
BACKGROUND: Identification of stroke signs by emergency medical technicians (EMTs) is important for initiating the "stroke chain of survival." The aim of the present study was to clarify the effect of EMT-led lessons on stroke awareness for schoolchildren in the Akashi project on the transportation time to arrive at the hospital. METHODS: Stroke lessons were given by EMTs to 887 elementary school children in elementary schools between September 2014 and October 2015...
June 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399370/an-open-source-3d-printed-preclinical-mri-phantom-for-repeated-measures-of-contrast-agents-and-reference-standards
#20
B L Cox, K D Ludwig, E B Adamson, K W Eliceiri, S B Fain
In medical imaging, clinicians, researchers and technicians have begun to use 3D printing to create specialized phantoms to replace commercial ones due to their customizable and iterative nature. Presented here is the design of a 3D printed open source, reusable magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) phantom, capable of flood-filling, with removable samples for measurements of contrast agent solutions and reference standards, and for use in evaluating acquisition techniques and image reconstruction performance. The phantom was designed using SolidWorks, a computer-aided design software package...
March 2018: Biomedical Physics & Engineering Express
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