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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139094/investigating-the-therapeutic-potential-and-mechanism-of-curcumin-in-breast-cancer-based-on-rna-sequencing-and-bioinformatics-analysis
#1
Rong Wang, Jinbin Li, Yulan Zhao, Yapeng Li, Ling Yin
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is a prevalent cancer in female. This study aims to investigate the therapeutic potential and mechanism of curcumin in breast cancer. METHODS: After cultivation, human breast cancer cells (MCF-7 cells) were treated with 0.1% (v/v) 15 µmol/ml curcumin-dimethylsulfoxide solution and 0.1% (v/v) dimethylsulfoxide, respectively, at 37 °C and 5% CO2 for 48 h. Total RNA was extracted, cDNA library was constructed, and cDNAs were amplified and sequenced...
November 14, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124042/e-fischeriana-root-compound-dpo-activates-antiviral-innate-immunity
#2
Jingxuan Chen, Hongqiang Du, Shuang Cui, Tong Liu, Guang Yang, Huaping Sun, Weiwei Tao, Baoping Jiang, Li Yu, Fuping You
E. fischeriana has long been used as a traditional Chinese medicine. Recent studies reported that some compounds of E. fischeriana exhibited antimicrobial and immune enhance activity. Innate immune system is essential for the immune surveillance of inner and outer threats, initial host defense responses and immune modulation. The role of natural drug compounds, including E. fischeriana, in innate immune regulation is largely unknown. Here we demonstrated that E. fischeriana compound Dpo is involved in antiviral signaling...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107065/efficacy-of-algal-ecklonia-cava-extract-against-viral-hemorrhagic-septicemia-virus-vhsv
#3
Han-Kook Yang, Myung-Hwa Jung, Satheesha Avunje, Chamilani Nikapitiya, So Young Kang, Young Bae Ryu, Woo Song Lee, Sung-Ju Jung
The inhibition efficacy of an extract from Ecklonia cava (E. cava) was studied to determine whether the extract and compounds exhibited inhibitory activity against VHSV in the fathead minnow (FHM) cell line and following oral administration to the olive flounder. Based on its low toxicity and effective concentration, the E. cava extract (Ext) and compounds (eckol and phlorofucofuroeckol A) were selected for further analysis. In the plaque reduction assay, simultaneous co-exposure of VHSV to Ext, eckol and phlorofucofuroeckol A showed a higher level of inhibition than the pre- and post-exposure groups...
November 9, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104121/safety-efficacy-and-pharmacodynamics-of-vesatolimod-gs-9620-in-virally-suppressed-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#4
Harry L A Janssen, Maurizia R Brunetto, Yoon Jun Kim, Carlo Ferrari, Benedetta Massetto, Anh-Hoa Nguyen, Adarsh Joshi, Jacky Woo, Audrey H Lau, Anuj Gaggar, G Mani Subramanian, Eric M Yoshida, Sang Hoon Ahn, Naoky C S Tsai, Scott Fung, Edward J Gane
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Vesatolimod (GS-9620) is an oral agonist of toll-like receptor 7, an activator of innate and adaptive immune responses. Here the safety and efficacy of vesatolimod is assessed after once-weekly treatment in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infected patients suppressed on oral antiviral treatment. METHODS: In a Phase 2, double-blind, randomized, placebo (PBO)-controlled study, 162 patients stratified by hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels and serum HBeAg status were randomized 1:3:3:3 to once-weekly oral PBO or vesatolimod (1-, 2-, or 4-mg doses) for 4, 8 or 12 weeks per cohort and efficacy assessed by change in baseline HBsAg (log10 IU/mL) at the primary endpoint (Week 24)...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100097/monogenic-lupus-it-s-all-new
#5
REVIEW
Patricia Costa-Reis, Kathleen E Sullivan
Monogenic lupus is rare, but its study has contributed immensely to a better understanding of the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus. The first forms identified were inherited complement deficiencies, which predisposed to lupus due to impaired tolerance, and aberrant clearance of apoptotic bodies and immune complexes. In recent years, several new monogenic disorders with a lupus-like phenotype have been described. These include forms that affect nucleic acid repair, degradation and sensing (TREX1, DNASE1L3), the type I interferon (IFN) pathway (SAMHD1, RNASEH2ABC, ADAR1, IFIH1, ISG15, ACP5, TMEM173) and B cell development checkpoints (PRKCD; RAG2)...
October 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100055/extracellular-isg15-signals-cytokine-secretion-through-the-lfa-1-integrin-receptor
#6
Caleb D Swaim, Ariella F Scott, Larissa A Canadeo, Jon M Huibregtse
ISG15 is a ubiquitin-like protein that functions in innate immunity both as an intracellular protein modifier and as an extracellular signaling molecule that stimulates IFN-γ secretion. The extracellular function, important for resistance to mycobacterial disease, has remained biochemically uncharacterized. We have established an NK-92 cell-based assay for IFN-γ release, identified residues critical for ISG15 signaling, and identified the cell surface receptor as LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18; αLβ2 integrin). LFA-1 inhibition blocked IFN-γ secretion, splenocytes from CD11a(-/-) mice did not respond to ISG15, and ISG15 bound directly to the αI domain of CD11a in vitro...
November 2, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091922/characterization-of-the-deubiquitination-activity-and-substrate-specificity-of-the-chicken-ubiquitin-specific-protease-1-usp-associated-factor-1-complex
#7
Hainan Zheng, Mengyun Wang, Chengcheng Zhao, Shanli Wu, Peifeng Yu, Yan Lü, Tiedong Wang, Yongxing Ai
Deubiquitinases (DUBs) are essential regulators of intracellular processes involving ubiquitin (Ub) modification. The human DUB ubiquitin-specific protease 1 (hUSP1) interacts with human USP-associated factor 1 (hUAF1), and helps to regulate processes such as DNA damage repair. Previously, we identified a chicken USP1 homologue (chUSP1) during an investigation into the properties of Marek's disease virus (MDV). However, chUSP1's deubiquitination activity, interaction with chUAF1, and substrate specificity remained unknown...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077752/isg15-governs-mitochondrial-function-in-macrophages-following-vaccinia-virus-infection
#8
Sara Baldanta, Mercedes Fernández-Escobar, Rebeca Acín-Perez, Manuel Albert, Emilio Camafeita, Inmaculada Jorge, Jesús Vázquez, José Antonio Enríquez, Susana Guerra
The interferon (IFN)-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) encodes one of the most abundant proteins induced by interferon, and its expression is associated with antiviral immunity. To identify protein components implicated in IFN and ISG15 signaling, we compared the proteomes of ISG15-/- and ISG15+/+ bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDM) after vaccinia virus (VACV) infection. The results of this analysis revealed that mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) were pathways altered in ISG15-/- BMDM treated with IFN...
October 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074428/identification-and-function-analysis-of-canine-stimulator-of-interferon-gene-sting
#9
Yuxiang Zhang, Mengyan Zhu, Gairu Li, Jie Liu, Xiaofeng Zhai, Ruyi Wang, Junyan Zhang, Gang Xing, Jinyan Gu, Liping Yan, Jing Lei, Haifeng Sun, Zhiyu Shi, Fei Liu, Boli Hu, Shuo Su, Jiyong Zhou
Stimulator of interferon gene (STING) plays an important role in the cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS)-mediated activation of type I IFN responses. In this study, we identified and cloned canine STING gene. Full-length STING encodes a 375 amino acid product that shares the highest similarity with feline STING. Highest levels of mRNA of canine STING were detected in the spleen and lungs while the lowest levels in the heart and muscle. Analysis of its cellular localization showed that STING is localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum...
October 24, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070839/phosphorylable-tyrosine-residue-162-in-the-double-stranded-rna-dependent-kinase-pkr-modulates-its-interaction-with-sumo
#10
Carlos F de la Cruz-Herrera, Maite Baz-Martínez, Ahmed El Motiam, Santiago Vidal, Manuel Collado, Anxo Vidal, Manuel S Rodríguez, Mariano Esteban, Carmen Rivas
Activated dsRNA-dependent serine/threonine kinase PKR phosphorylates the alpha subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2α), resulting in a shut-off of general translation, induction of apoptosis, and inhibition of virus replication. PKR can be activated by binding to dsRNA or cellular proteins such as PACT/RAX, or by its conjugation to ISG15 or SUMO. Here, we demonstrate that PKR also interacts with SUMO in a non-covalent manner. We identify the phosphorylable tyrosine residue 162 in PKR (Y162) as a modulator of the PKR-SUMO non-covalent interaction as well as of the PKR SUMOylation...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070073/the-dose-of-hbv-genome-contained-plasmid-has-a-great-impact-on-hbv-persistence-in-hydrodynamic-injection-mouse-model
#11
Lei Li, Sheng Li, Yun Zhou, Lu Yang, Di Zhou, Yan Yang, Mengji Lu, Dongliang Yang, Jingjiao Song
BACKGROUND: Hydrodynamic injection (HI) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) mouse model is an useful tool for HBV related research in vivo. However, only 40% of C57/BL6 mice injected with 10 μg HBV genome contained plasmid (pAAV-HBV1.2), serum HBsAg more than 6 months and none of the BALB/c mice injected with 10 μg pAAV-HBV1.2 plasmid DNA, serum HBsAg positive more than 4 weeks in the previous study. METHODS: In this study, C57/BL6 and BALB/c mice were hydrodynamic injected with different doses of pAAV-HBV1...
October 25, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056542/inhibition-of-rabies-virus-replication-by-interferon-stimulated-gene-15-and-its-activating-enzyme-uba7
#12
Pingsen Zhao, Tianqi Jiang, Zhixiong Zhong, Lili Zhao, Songtao Yang, Xianzhu Xia
It was reported that ISG15 and its activating enzyme UBA7 have antiviral functions. However, there is no study to demonstrate whether ISG15 and UBA7 have anti-rabies virus function. In the current study, In vivo and in vitro anti-rabies virus function of ISG15 and UBA7 were investigated using RNAi technology. The results showed that shRNA knock-down of expression of ISG15 and UBA7 increased the titers of RABV in neuroblastoma cell line NA and microglial cell line BV-2 cells and shRNA knockdown of ISG15 conjugation alleviates the IFN-induced inhibition of RABV gene expression in vitro...
October 19, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040650/interferon-alpha-reduces-human-hippocampal-neurogenesis-and-increases-apoptosis-via-activation-of-distinct-stat1-dependent-mechanisms
#13
Alessandra Borsini, Annamaria Cattaneo, Chiara Malpighi, Sandrine Thuret, Neil A Harrison, Patricia A Zunszain, Carmine M Pariante
Background: In humans, interferon-α treatment for chronic viral hepatitis is a well-recognized clinical model for inflammation-induced depression, but the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects are not clear. Following peripheral administration in rodents, interferon-α induces signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 (STAT1) within the hippocampus and disrupts hippocampal neurogenesis. Methods: We used the human hippocampal progenitor cell line HPC0A07/03C to evaluate the effects of 2 concentrations of interferon-α, similar to those observed in human serum during its therapeutic use (500 pg/mL and 5000 pg/mL), on neurogenesis and apoptosis...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035835/nerve-growth-factor-beta-purified-from-bull-seminal-plasma-enhances-corpus-luteum-formation-and-conceptus-development-in-bos-taurus-cows
#14
Jamie L Stewart, Vitor R G Mercadante, Nicholas W Dias, Igor F Canisso, Peter Yau, Brian Imai, Fabio S Lima
The objective of the current study was to determine if Nerve Growth Factor-Beta (NGF), purified from bovine seminal plasma, would improve corpus luteum function and enhance conceptus development when administered to cows at artificial insemination. Angus cows (n = 60) were synchronized using a GnRH-prostaglandin and intravaginal progesterone protocol (7-day CO-Synch/CIDR) and randomly allocated to 1 of 2 treatment groups: (1) CONT- 12 mL PBS; or (2) NGF- 296 μg purified NGF in 12 mL PBS administered intramuscularly at insemination (day 0)...
October 7, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029245/host-transcription-profile-in-nasal-epithelium-and-whole-blood-of-hospitalised-children-under-two-years-of-age-with-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection
#15
Lien Anh Ha Do, Johann Pellet, H Rogier van Doorn, Anh Tuan Tran, Bach Hue Nguyen, Thi Thu Loan Tran, Quynh Huong Tran, Quoc Bao Vo, Nguyen Anh Tran Dac, Hong Nhien Trinh, Thi Thanh Hai Nguyen, Bao Tinh Le Binh, Huu Mai Khanh Nguyen, Minh Tien Nguyen, Quang Tung Thai, Thanh Vu Vo, Ngoc Quang Minh Ngo, Thi Kim Huyen Dang, Ngoc Huong Cao, Thu Van Tran, Lu Viet Ho, Bertrand De Meulder, Charles Auffray, Jorrit-Jan Hofstra, Jeremy Farrar, Juliet E Bryant, Menno de Jong, Martin L Hibberd
Most insights into the cascade of immune events following acute respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection have been obtained from animal experiments or in vitro models. Here we investigated host gene expression profiles in nasopharyngeal swabs (NP) and whole blood samples during natural RSV and rhinovirus (hRV) infection (acute versus early recovery phase) in 83 hospitalised patients <2 years old with lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). RSV infection induced strong and persistent innate immune responses including interferon signaling and pathways related to chemokine/cytokine signaling in both compartments...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986216/innate-immune-responses-against-rock-bream-iridovirus-rbiv-infection-in-rock-bream-oplegnathus-fasciatus-following-poly-i-c-administration
#16
Myung-Hwa Jung, Sung-Ju Jung
Poly (I:C) showed promise as an immunoprotective agents in rock bream against rock bream iridovirus (RBIV) infection. In this study, we evaluated the time-dependent virus replication pattern and antiviral immune responses in RBIV-infected rock bream with and without poly (I:C) administration. In the poly (I:C)+virus-injected group, virus copy numbers were more than 18.9-, 24.0- and 479.2-fold lower than in the virus only injected group at 4 (4.73 × 10(4) and 8.95 × 10(5)/μl, respectively), 7 (3.67 × 10(5) and 8...
October 4, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962163/roles-of-mir-138-and-isg15-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#17
Qimei Zhang, Yi He, Minhai Nie, Wei Cai
The aim of the present study was to investigate the roles of microRNA (miR)-138 and interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). miR-138 and ISG15 expression in cancer tissues was detected, and the influence on proliferation, migration and invasion of OSCC cell lines was assessed. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze the expression of miR-138 and ISG15 in resected cancer tissues and pericancerous tissues harvested from patients with OSCC...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955339/deregulated-microrna-21-expression-in-monocytes-from-hiv-infected-patients-contributes-to-elevated-ip-10-secretion-in-hiv-infection
#18
Xian Wu, Le-Le Zhang, Lin-Bo Yin, Ya-Jing Fu, Yong-Jun Jiang, Hai-Bo Ding, Zhen-Xing Chu, Hong Shang, Zi-Ning Zhang
Persistent activation and inflammation impair immune response and trigger disease progression in HIV infection. Emerging evidence supports the supposition that excessive production of interferon-inducible protein 10 (IP-10), a critical inflammatory cytokine, leads to immune dysfunction and disease progression in HIV infection. In this study, we sought to elucidate the cause of the upregulated production of IP-10 in HIV infection and explore the underlying mechanisms. Bolstering miR-21 levels using mimics resulted in the obvious suppression of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced IP-10 in monocyte leukemia cells THP-1 and vice versa...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932081/-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-enhances-poly-i-c-induced-interferon-%C3%AE-1-production-and-inhibits-hepatitis-c-virus-replication-in-hepatocytes
#19
Yi-Zhong Wang, Jie-Liang Li, Xu Wang, Ting Zhang, Wen-Zhe Ho
AIM: To investigate the effect of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly I:C)-triggered intracellular innate immunity against hepatitis C virus (HCV) in hepatocytes. METHODS: A cell culture model of HCV infection was generated by infecting a hepatoma cell line, Huh7, with HCV JFH-1 strain (JFH-1-Huh7). Poly I:C with a high molecular weight and EGCG were used to stimulate the JFH-1-Huh7 cells. Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the expression levels of intracellular mRNAs and of intracellular and extracellular HCV RNA...
August 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931677/structurally-guided-removal-of-deisgylase-biochemical-activity-from-papain-like-protease-originating-from-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus
#20
Courtney M Daczkowski, Octavia Y Goodwin, John V Dzimianski, Jonathan J Farhat, Scott D Pegan
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is an emerging human pathogen that is the causative agent for Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). With MERS outbreaks resulting in over 35% fatalities and now spread to 27 countries, MERS-CoV poses a significant ongoing threat to global human health. As part of its viral genome, MERS-CoV encodes a papain-like protease (PLpro) that has been observed to act as a deubiquitinase and deISGylase to antagonize type I interferon (IFN-I) immune pathways. This activity is in addition to its viral polypeptide cleavage function...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
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