Read by QxMD icon Read


Emilio Yángüez, Alicia García-Culebras, Aldo Frau, Catalina Llompart, Klaus-Peter Knobeloch, Sylvia Gutierrez-Erlandsson, Adolfo García-Sastre, Mariano Esteban, Amelia Nieto, Susana Guerra
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003632.].
October 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Tong-Cui Ma, Run-Hong Zhou, Xu Wang, Jie-Liang Li, Ming Sang, Li Zhou, Ke Zhuang, Wei Hou, De-Yin Guo, Wen-Zhe Ho
The Bowman-Birk inhibitor (BBI), a soybean-derived protease inhibitor, is known to have anti-inflammatory effect in both in vitro and in vivo systems. Macrophages play a key role in inflammation and immune activation, which is implicated in HIV disease progression. Here, we investigated the effect of BBI on HIV infection of peripheral blood monocyte-derived macrophages. We demonstrated that BBI could potently inhibit HIV replication in macrophages without cytotoxicity. Investigation of the mechanism(s) of BBI action on HIV showed that BBI induced the expression of IFN-β and multiple IFN stimulated genes (ISGs), including Myxovirus resistance protein 2 (Mx2), 2',5'-oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS-1), Virus inhibitory protein (viperin), ISG15 and ISG56...
October 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
Murali Ganesan, Larisa Y Poluektova, Dean J Tuma, Kusum K Kharbanda, Natalia A Osna
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption exacerbates the pathogenesis of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and worsens disease outcomes. The exact reasons are not clear yet, but they might be partially attributed to the ability of alcohol to further suppress the innate immunity. Innate immunity is known to be already decreased by HCV in liver cells. METHODS: In this study, we aimed to explore the mechanisms of how alcohol metabolism dysregulates IFNα signaling (STAT1 phosphorylation) in HCV(+) hepatoma cells...
September 26, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Robert Wijma, Matias L Stangaferro, Manasi M Kamat, Sreelakshmi Vasudevan, Troy L Ott, Julio O Giordano
Objectives were to identify cows with embryo mortality (EM) around the period of corpus luteum (CL) maintenance by Interferon tau (IFNT) and characterize ovarian function in cows that underwent EM. Lactating Holstein cows received AI (Day = 0) with semen or extender only. From Day 14 to 42 transrectal ultrasonography was performed daily to monitor ovarian dynamics and uterine contents whereas blood was collected every 48 h to determine ISG15 and MX2 mRNA abundance in blood mononuclear cells (Day 14 to 22 only) and determination of hormone concentrations...
October 5, 2016: Biology of Reproduction
Yongli Guo, Dong An, Ying Liu, Jun Bao, Xiuxin Luo, Xintong Cheng, Yujiao Wang, Mingchun Gao, Junwei Wang
A bovine interferon-kappa (BoIFN-κ) gene was amplified, which encodes a protein of 215 amino acids sharing 63% identity with human IFN-κ. BoIFN-κ was demonstrated to have antiviral and antiproliferative activities. Moreover, BoIFN-κ was shown to be highly sensitive to trypsin, however, it remained stable despite changes in pH and temperature. Result showed that BoIFN-κ can bind with bovine type I IFN receptors, and the antiviral activity can be blocked by antibodies against type I IFN receptors or BoIFN-κ...
September 29, 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Berati Cerikan, Ranad Shaheen, Georgina P Colo, Christine Gläßer, Shoji Hata, Klaus-Peter Knobeloch, Fowzan S Alkuraya, Reinhard Fässler, Elmar Schiebel
Genome-editing technologies allow systematic inactivation of human genes. Whether knockout phenotypes always reflect gene functions as determined by acute RNAi is an important question. Here we show how the acute knockdown of the Adams-Oliver syndrome (AOS) gene DOCK6, coding for a RAC1/CDC42 guanine nucleotide exchange factor, results in strikingly different phenotypes to those generated by genomic DOCK6 disruption. Cell-intrinsic adaptation compensates for loss of DOCK6 function. Prolonged DOCK6 loss impacts upon the MRTF-A/SRF transcription factor, reducing levels of the ubiquitin-like modifier ISG15...
October 10, 2016: Developmental Cell
So-Yeon Park, Somy Yoon, Hangun Kim, Kyung Keun Kim
β-Catenin is a major transducer of the Wnt signaling pathway, which is aberrantly expressed in colorectal and other cancers. Previously, we showed that β-catenin is downregulated by the 90K glycoprotein via ISGylation-dependent degradation. However, the further mechanisms of β-catenin degradation by 90K-mediated ISGylation pathway were not investigated. This study aimed to identify the β-catenin domain responsible for the action of 90K and to compare the mechanism of 90K on β-catenin degradation with phosphorylation-dependent ubiquitinational degradation of β-catenin...
October 2016: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
Min Sun Kim, Seung Hyuk Choi, Ki Hong Kim
Vaccines based on inactivated or attenuated viruses can be a way to prevent viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) disease, and the efficiency of viral production is a critical factor that can determine the practical use of developed vaccines in aquaculture farms. To know the effects of epithelioma papulosum cyprini (EPC) cells over-subculture on VHSV replication, the VHSV titer produced from high-passage EPC cells (subcultured more than 200 times in our laboratory) was compared to the titer produced from low-passage EPC cells (subcultured 5-15 times)...
September 20, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Hongwu Mao, Man Wang, Biyin Cao, Haibin Zhou, Zubin Zhang, Xinliang Mao
Interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) is an important cytokine that has been reported in carcinogenesis. However, we found that ISG15 and de-ISGylase USP18 were induced by several anti-cancer agents, which was confirmed by both RT-PCR and immunoblotting assays. Further studies demonstrated that ectopic ISG15 and USP18 inhibited proliferation of myeloma, leukemia and cervical cancer cells. More importantly, ISG15 and USP18 induced cancer cell apoptosis. This finding was confirmed in a cervical xenograft model in which cervical cancer growth was suppressed by lentiviral ISG15...
September 21, 2016: Oncotarget
Chaohui Zuo, Xinyi Sheng, Min Ma, Man Xia, Linda Ouyang
The interferon-stimulated gene 15 ubiquitin-like modifier (ISG15) encodes an IFN-inducible, ubiquitin-like protein. The ISG15 protein forms conjugates with numerous cellular proteins that are involved in a multitude of cellular functions, including interferon-induced immune responses and the regulation of cellular protein turnover. The expression of ISG15 and ISG15-mediated conjugation has been implicated in a wide range of human tumors and cancer cell lines, but the roles of ISG15 in tumorigenesis and responses to anticancer treatments remain largely unknown...
September 8, 2016: Oncotarget
Nghiem Xuan Hoan, Hoang Van Tong, Dao Phuong Giang, Nguyen Linh Toan, Christian G Meyer, C-Thomas Bock, Peter G Kremsner, Le Huu Song, Thirumalaisamy P Velavan
This study investigates the association of Interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) polymorphisms, ISG15 serum levels and expression with HBV-related liver diseases. The ISG15 promoter and the two exons of the gene were screened for polymorphisms in 766 HBV-infected patients and in 223 controls. Soluble ISG15 levels were measured by ELISA. ISG15 mRNA expression was quantified by qRT-PCR in 36 tumor and adjacent non-tumor tissues. The exon 2 allele rs1921A was found associated with decreased progression of HBV-related liver diseases (LC vs...
September 10, 2016: Oncotarget
Nischal Ranganath, Teslin S Sandstrom, Saleh Fadel, Sandra C Côté, Jonathan B Angel
BACKGROUND: The latent HIV-1 reservoir represents the primary barrier to the eradication of HIV-1 infection. The design of novel reservoir-clearance strategies, however, is impeded in part by the inability to distinguish latently HIV-infected cells from uninfected cells. Significant impairment of the type I interferon (IFN-I) response is observed during productive HIV-1 infection. Although this remains poorly described in the context of latent HIV-1 infection, presence of potential defects may serve as a novel therapeutic target...
2016: Retrovirology
Jerry A Nick, Silvia M Caceres, Jennifer E Kret, Katie R Poch, Matthew Strand, Anna V Faino, David P Nichols, Milene T Saavedra, Jennifer L Taylor-Cousar, Mark W Geraci, Ellen L Burnham, Michael B Fessler, Benjamin T Suratt, Edward Abraham, Marc Moss, Kenneth C Malcolm
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) severity may be influenced by heterogeneity of neutrophil activation. Interferon-stimulated genes (ISG) are a broad gene family induced by Type I interferons, often as a response to viral infections, which evokes extensive immunomodulation. We tested the hypothesis that over- or under-expression of immunomodulatory ISG by neutrophils is associated with worse clinical outcomes in patients with ARDS. Genome-wide transcriptional profiles of circulating neutrophils isolated from patients with sepsis-induced ARDS (n = 31) and healthy controls (n = 19) were used to characterize ISG expression...
2016: PloS One
Ignacio S Caballero, Anna N Honko, Stephen K Gire, Sarah M Winnicki, Marta Melé, Chiara Gerhardinger, Aaron E Lin, John L Rinn, Pardis C Sabeti, Lisa E Hensley, John H Connor
BACKGROUND: Ebola virus is the causative agent of a severe syndrome in humans with a fatality rate that can approach 90 %. During infection, the host immune response is thought to become dysregulated, but the mechanisms through which this happens are not entirely understood. In this study, we analyze RNA sequencing data to determine the host response to Ebola virus infection in circulating immune cells. RESULTS: Approximately half of the 100 genes with the strongest early increases in expression were interferon-stimulated genes, such as ISG15, OAS1, IFIT2, HERC5, MX1 and DHX58...
2016: BMC Genomics
Chen Zhao, Haripriya Sridharan, Ran Chen, Darren P Baker, Shanshan Wang, Robert M Krug
The ubiquitin-like protein ISG15 and its conjugation to proteins (ISGylation) are strongly induced by type I interferon. Influenza B virus encodes non-structural protein 1 (NS1B) that binds human ISG15 and provides an appropriate model for determining how ISGylation affects virus replication in human cells. Here using a recombinant virus encoding a NS1B protein defective in ISG15 binding, we show that NS1B counteracts ISGylation-mediated antiviral activity by binding and sequestering ISGylated viral proteins, primarily ISGylated viral nucleoprotein (NP), in infected cells...
2016: Nature Communications
Shun Li, Long-Feng Lu, Zhao-Xi Wang, Dan-Dan Chen, Yong-An Zhang
Interferon (IFN) regulatory factors (IRF) are the crucial transcription factors for IFN expression, leading host cell response to viral infection. In mammals, only IRF6 is unaffected by IFN expression in the IRF family; however, in fish, a lower vertebrate, whether IRF6 is related to IFN regulation is unclear. In this study, we identified that zebrafish IRF6 was a positive regulator of IFN transcription and could be phosphorylated by both MyD88 and TBK1. First, the transcript level of cellular irf6 was upregulated by treatment with poly I:C (a mimic of viral RNAs), indicating IRF6 might be involved in the process of host cell response to viruses...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Ye Ji Kim, Eui Tae Kim, Young-Eui Kim, Myoung Kyu Lee, Ki Mun Kwon, Keun Il Kim, Thomas Stamminger, Jin-Hyun Ahn
Interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) encodes an ubiquitin-like protein that covalently conjugates protein. Protein modification by ISG15 (ISGylation) is known to inhibit the replication of many viruses. However, studies on the viral targets and viral strategies to regulate ISGylation-mediated antiviral responses are limited. In this study, we show that human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) replication is inhibited by ISGylation, but the virus has evolved multiple countermeasures. HCMV-induced ISG15 expression was mitigated by IE1, a viral inhibitor of interferon signaling, however, ISGylation was still strongly upregulated during virus infection...
August 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Katia Monteleone, Giuseppe Corano Scheri, Maura Statzu, Carla Selvaggi, Francesca Falasca, Noemi Giustini, Ivano Mezzaroma, Ombretta Turriziani, Gabriella d'Ettorre, Guido Antonelli, Carolina Scagnolari
This study aimed to evaluate the association between the IFNL4 rs368234815 (ΔG/TT) dinucleotide polymorphism and the IFN response during chronic HIV-1 infection. We carried out genotyping analysis and measured the expression of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) (myxovirus resistance protein A [MxA], ISG15, ISG56, apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide-like [APOBEC] 3F and APOBEC3G) on peripheral blood mononuclear cells collected from naïve and HAART-treated HIV-1-infected patients. There were no statistically significant differences in endogenous ISGs mRNA levels among HIV-1-positive patients bearing different IFNL4 genotypes, suggesting that ISG expression is independent of the IFNL4 genotype in HIV-1 infection...
November 2016: Archives of Virology
Jong Ho Park, Seung Wook Yang, Jung Mi Park, Seung Hyeun Ka, Ji-Hoon Kim, Young-Yun Kong, Young Joo Jeon, Jae Hong Seol, Chin Ha Chung
p53 plays a pivotal role in tumour suppression under stresses, such as DNA damage. ISG15 has been implicated in the control of tumorigenesis. Intriguingly, the expression of ISG15, UBE1L and UBCH8 is induced by DNA-damaging agents, such as ultraviolet and doxorubicin, which are known to induce p53. Here, we show that the genes encoding ISG15, UBE1L, UBCH8 and EFP, have the p53-responsive elements and their expression is induced in a p53-dependent fashion under DNA damage conditions. Furthermore, DNA damage induces ISG15 conjugation to p53 and this modification markedly enhances the binding of p53 to the promoters of its target genes (for example, CDKN1 and BAX) as well as of its own gene by promoting phosphorylation and acetylation, leading to suppression of cell growth and tumorigenesis...
2016: Nature Communications
Ying Yang, Youhua Huang, Yepin Yu, Sheng Zhou, Shaowen Wang, Min Yang, Qiwei Qin, Xiaohong Huang
Increased reports uncovered that mammalian tripartite motif-containing 62 (TRIM62) exerts crucial roles in cancer and innate immune response. However, the roles of fish TRIM62 in antiviral immune response remained uncertain. In this study, a TRIM62 gene was cloned from orange spotted grouper (EcTRIM62) and its roles in grouper RNA virus infection was elucidated in vitro. EcTRIM62 shared 99% and 83% identity to bicolor damselfish (Stegastes partitus) and human (Homo sapiens), respectively. Sequence alignment indicated that EcTRIM62 contained three domains, including a RING-finger domain, a B-box domain and a SPRY domain...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"