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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627740/biofabrication-of-soft-tissue-templates-for-engineering-the-bone-ligament-interface
#1
Ella Harris, Yurong Liu, Grainne Cuniffe, David Morrissey, Simon Carroll, Kevin Mulhall, Daniel J Kelly
Regenerating damaged tissue interfaces remains a significant clinical challenge, requiring recapitulation of the structure, composition and function of the native enthesis. In the ligament-to-bone interface this region transitions from ligament to fibrocartilage, to calcified cartilage and then to bone. This gradation in tissue types facilitates the transfer of load between soft and hard structures while minimizing stress concentrations at the interface. Previous attempts to engineer the ligament-bone interface have utilized various scaffold materials with an array of various cell types and/or biological cues...
June 19, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607116/elimination-of-babesia-microti-is-dependent-on-intraerythrocytic-killing-and-cd4-t-cells
#2
Sini Skariah, Paul Arnaboldi, Raymond J Dattwyler, Ali A Sultan, Corey Gaylets, Odaelys Walwyn, Hannah Mulhall, Xia Wu, Soha R Dargham, Dana G Mordue
Babesiosis is a tick-borne zoonosis caused by protozoans of the genus Babesia, apicomplexan parasites that replicate within erythrocytes. However, unlike related Plasmodium species, the pathogenesis of Babesia infection remains poorly understood. The primary etiological agent of babesiosis in the United States is B. microti. In healthy individuals, tick-transmitted infection with Babesia causes no specific clinical manifestations, with many having no symptoms at all. However, even in asymptomatic people, a Babesia carriage state can be established that can last up to a year or more...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583341/exploring-the-optimal-erectile-function-domain-score-cutoff-that-defines-sexual-satisfaction-after-radical-prostatectomy
#3
Jean E Terrier, John P Mulhall, Christian J Nelson
INTRODUCTION: The International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) is the gold standard validated instrument for defining erectile function (EF) and its response to treatment. The EF domain (EFD) contains six questions and is a sensitive and specific measurement of treatment-related changes in EF. The EFD score has been widely used as a primary assessment end point for clinical trials of EF recovery after radical prostatectomy (RP). Various EFD scores have been used to define functional erections...
June 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567235/investigating-idiopathic-inflammatory-myopathy-initial-cross-speciality-experience-with-use-of-the-extended-myositis-antibody-panel
#4
Antoinette O'Connor, Jennifer Mulhall, Sinead M J Harney, John G Ryan, Grainne Murphy, Michael T Henry, Peter Annis, Vincent Tormey, Aisling M Ryan
The discovery of unique autoantibodies has informed and altered our approach to the diagnosis and management of the inflammatory myopathies. This study reports the initial clinical experience of use of the Extended Myositis Antibody (EMA) panel in the largest university teaching hospital in Ireland. We conducted a retrospective review of all patients who had serum samples tested for myositis specific antibodies and myositis associated antibodies from April 2014 to March 2015. A positive EMA panel was of significant clinical utility in facilitating decisions on appropriate investigations, and need for onward referral to other physicians...
April 6, 2017: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469551/npy1-receptor-agonist-modulates-development-of-depressive-like-behavior-and-gene-expression-in-hypothalamus-in-sps-rodent-ptsd-model
#5
Lidia Serova, Hannah Mulhall, Esther Sabban
Delivery of neuropeptide Y (NPY) to the brain by intranasal infusion soon after traumatic stress has shown therapeutic potential, and prevented development of many behavioral and neuroendocrine impairments in the single prolonged stress (SPS) animal model of PTSD. Therefore, we examined whether the Y1R preferring agonist [Leu(31)Pro(34)]NPY is sufficient to prevent development of SPS induced depressive-like behavioral changes, and hypothalamic gene expression as obtained with intranasal NPY intervention. Male Sprague-Dawely rats were given intranasal infusion of either NPY (150 μg/rat), a low (68 μg /rat), or high (132 μg/rat) dose of [Leu(31)Pro(34)]NPY or vehicle immediately following the last SPS stressor, left undisturbed for 1 week and then tested for depressive-like behavior together with naïve unstressed controls...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460995/three-dimensional-photography-for-quantitative-assessment-of-penile-volume-loss-deformities-in-peyronie-s-disease
#6
Ezra J Margolin, Carrie M Mlynarczyk, John P Mulhall, Doron S Stember, Peter J Stahl
BACKGROUND: Non-curvature penile deformities are prevalent and bothersome manifestations of Peyronie's disease (PD), but the quantitative metrics that are currently used to describe these deformities are inadequate and non-standardized, presenting a barrier to clinical research and patient care. AIM: To introduce erect penile volume (EPV) and percentage of erect penile volume loss (percent EPVL) as novel metrics that provide detailed quantitative information about non-curvature penile deformities and to study the feasibility and reliability of three-dimensional (3D) photography for measurement of quantitative penile parameters...
June 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108685/a-tablet-based-multimedia-education-tool-improves-provider-and-subject-knowledge-of-inhaler-use-techniques
#7
Aaron M Mulhall, Muhammad A Zafar, Samantha Record, Herman Channell, Ralph J Panos
BACKGROUND: Although inhaled medications are effective therapies for COPD, many patients and providers use them incorrectly. METHODS: We recruited providers who prescribe inhalers or teach inhaler technique and assessed their use of metered-dose inhalers (MDIs), various dry powder inhalers (DPIs), and Respimat using predefined checklists. Then they watched tablet-based multimedia educational videos that demonstrated correct inhaler technique by a clinical pharmacist with teach-back from a patient and were re-evaluated...
February 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032424/relationship-between-age-and-erectile-dysfunction-diagnosis-or-treatment-using-real-world-observational-data-in-the-usa
#8
John P Mulhall, Xuemei Luo, Kelly H Zou, Vera Stecher, Aaron Galaznik
AIMS: With self-reporting of erectile dysfunction (ED) in population-based surveys, men with ED may not represent men who are bothered sufficiently to seek an ED diagnosis and treatment. We used real-world observational data to assess: 1) the prevalence of ED diagnosis or treatment by age subgroups; and 2) the relationship of age with ED diagnosis or treatment after controlling for ED-related comorbidities in the USA. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used de-identified claims data (MarketScan(®) databases; primary analysis)...
December 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004591/long-acting-muscarinic-antagonists-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-review-of-current-and-developing-drugs
#9
REVIEW
Mark A Mastrodicasa, Christopher A Droege, Aaron M Mulhall, Neil E Ernst, Ralph J Panos, Muhammad A Zafar
Long acting muscarinic receptor antagonists (LAMA) reverse airflow obstruction by antagonizing para-sympathetic bronchoconstricting effects within the airways. For years, tiotropium, has been the cornerstone LAMA for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) management. Recently, new agents, aclidinium bromide, glycopyrronium bromide, and umeclidinium bromide, have been developed and introduced into clinical practice. Areas covered: This article reviews the clinical efficacy and adverse effects of currently available LAMAs in COPD treatment as well as developing LAMAs in early clinical trials and preclinical studies (V0162, TD-4208, CHF 5407, AZD9164, AZD8683, bencycloquidium)...
February 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969281/orgasme-retard%C3%A3-secondaire%C3%A2-causes-associations-et-facteurs-pr%C3%A3-dictifs
#10
J Terrier, P Teloken, C Nelson, J Mulhall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969277/quel-score-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-cut-off%C3%A2-%C3%A2-de-l%C3%A2-iief-ef-doit-on-utiliser-pour-d%C3%A3-finir-la-satisfaction-sexuelle-post-prostatectomie-radicale%C3%A2
#11
J Terrier, C Nelson, J Mulhall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969227/troubles-sensitifs-post-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-incision-patch%C3%A2-%C3%A2-pour-maladie-de-lapeyronie
#12
J Terrier, R Tal, J Mulhall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861718/effect-of-cognitively-stimulating-activities-on-symptom-management-of-delirium-superimposed-on-dementia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Ann Kolanowski, Donna Fick, Mark Litaker, Paula Mulhall, Linda Clare, Nikki Hill, Jacqueline Mogle, Malaz Boustani, David Gill, Andrea Yevchak-Sillner
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether cognitively stimulating activities would reduce duration and severity of delirium and improve cognitive and physical function to a greater extent than usual care. DESIGN: Single-blind randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Eight post-acute care (PAC) facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults with dementia and delirium (N = 283). INTERVENTION: Research staff provided cognitively stimulating activities daily for up to 30 days...
December 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665357/prostate-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-patients-treated-for-testosterone-deficiency-while-on-active-surveillance-for-low-risk-prostate-cancer
#14
Takeshi Hashimoto, Krishnan Rahul, Toshikazu Takeda, Nicole Benfante, John P Mulhall, Hedvig Hricak, James A Eastham, Hebert Alberto Vargas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the multiparametric prostate magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) findings in patients treated with testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) while on active surveillance for low-risk prostate cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 12 patients who underwent mpMRI before and after TRT while on active surveillance. Changes in serum testosterone level, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), prostate biopsy findings, prostate volume, and Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System Version 2 (PI-RADSv2) score before and after TRT were summarized...
December 2016: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629899/resolution-of-a-protracted-serogroup-b-meningococcal-outbreak-with-whole-genome-sequencing-shows-interspecies-genetic-transfer
#15
Robert M Mulhall, Carina Brehony, Lois O'Connor, Kenneth Meyler, Keith A Jolley, James Bray, Desiree Bennett, Martin C J Maiden, Robert Cunney
A carriage study was undertaken (n = 112) to ascertain the prevalence of Neisseria spp. following the eighth case of invasive meningococcal disease in young children (5 to 46 months) and members of a large extended indigenous ethnic minority Traveller family (n = 123), typically associated with high-occupancy living conditions. Nested multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was employed for case specimen extracts. Isolates were genome sequenced and then were assembled de novo and deposited into the Bacterial Isolate Genome Sequencing Database (BIGSdb)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627480/bilateral-diaphragmatic-paralysis-a-rare-complication-related-to-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-celiac-plexus-neurolysis
#16
Aaron M Mulhall, Mitchell C Rashkin, Elsira M Pina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609932/pilot-testing-of-the-eit-4-bpsd-intervention
#17
Barbara Resnick, Ann Kolanowski, Kimberly Van Haitsma, Marie Boltz, Elizabeth Galik, Alice Bonner, Erin Vigne, Lauren Holtzman, Paula M Mulhall
Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are common in nursing home residents, and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services now require that nonpharmacological interventions be used as a first-line treatment. Few staff know how to implement these interventions. The purpose of this study was to pilot test an implementation strategy, Evidence Integration Triangle for Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (EIT-4-BPSD), which was developed to help staff integrate behavioral interventions into routine care...
November 2016: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436075/translational-perspective-on-the-role-of-testosterone-in-sexual-function-and-dysfunction
#18
REVIEW
Carol A Podlasek, John Mulhall, Kelvin Davies, Christopher J Wingard, Johanna L Hannan, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Biljana Musicki, Mohit Khera, Nestor F González-Cadavid, Arthur L Burnett
INTRODUCTION: The biological importance of testosterone is generally accepted by the medical community; however, controversy focuses on its relevance to sexual function and the sexual response, and our understanding of the extent of its role in this area is evolving. AIM: To provide scientific evidence examining the role of testosterone at the cellular and molecular levels as it pertains to normal erectile physiology and the development of erectile dysfunction and to assist in guiding successful therapeutic interventions for androgen-dependent sexual dysfunction...
August 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402022/stem-cells-display-a-donor-dependent-response-to-escalating-levels-of-growth-factor-release-from-extracellular-matrix-derived-scaffolds
#19
Henrique V Almeida, Kevin J Mulhall, Fergal J O'Brien, Daniel J Kelly
Numerous growth factor delivery systems have been developed for tissue engineering. However, little is known about how the dose of a specific protein will influence tissue regeneration, or how different patients will respond to altered levels of growth factor presentation. The objective of the present study was to assess stem cell chondrogenesis within extracellular-matrix (ECM)-derived scaffolds loaded with escalating levels of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β3. It was also sought to determine if stem cells display a donor-dependent response to different doses of TGF-β3, from low (5 ng) to high (200 ng), released from such scaffolds...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306454/judgments-of-nonverbal-behaviour-by-children-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder-can-they-detect-signs-of-winning-and-losing-from-brief-video-clips
#20
Christian Ryan, Philip Furley, Kathleen Mulhall
Typically developing children are able to judge who is winning or losing from very short clips of video footage of behaviour between active match play across a number of sports. Inferences from "thin slices" (short video clips) allow participants to make complex judgments about the meaning of posture, gesture and body language. This study extends the use of the thin slice research paradigm to children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We tested 38 children with ASD, in two age groups: 15 participants aged 5-8 years and 23 participants aged 9-13 years...
September 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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