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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723723/sociodemographic-predictors-of-anal-cancer-screening-and-follow-up-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-individuals
#1
Jessica S Wells, Marcia M Holstad, Deborah Watkins Bruner
BACKGROUND: Anal cancer in the United States is generally rare; however, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals are 28 times more likely to be given a diagnosis of anal cancer than the general population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the rates and sociodemographic predictors of anal cancer screening and follow-up anoscopy in a sample of HIV-infected individuals. METHODS: Data for this study (n = 200) were derived from a retrospective chart review of randomly selected HIV-infected individuals...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723467/human-papillomavirus-infection-and-vaccination-in-males
#2
REVIEW
Eugenio Ventimiglia, Simon Horenblas, Asif Muneer, Andrea Salonia
CONTEXT: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the commonest sexually transmitted pathogen in humans and is linked to the aetiopathogenesis for both benign and malignant disease in men. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and summarise the evidence for HPV infection and vaccination in men. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A search of Medline, PubMed, and Scopus was performed to identify articles published in English within the last 10 yr addressing HPV epidemiology, the natural history of HPV infection and its long-term consequences, and vaccination in men...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721886/effect-of-eischens-yoga-during-radiation-therapy-on-prostate-cancer-patient-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-a-randomized-phase-ii-trial
#3
Avital Mazar Ben-Josef, Jerry Chen, Paul Wileyto, Abigail Doucette, Justin Bekelman, John Christodouleas, Curtiland Deville, Neha Vapiwala
PURPOSE: A randomized phase II study was performed to measure the potential therapeutic effects of yoga on fatigue, erectile dysfunction, urinary incontinence, and overall quality of life (QOL) in prostate cancer (PCa) patients undergoing external beam radiation therapy (RT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: The participants were randomized to yoga and no-yoga cohorts (1:1). Twice-weekly yoga interventions were offered throughout the 6- to 9-week courses of RT. Comparisons of standardized assessments were performed between the 2 cohorts for the primary endpoint of fatigue and the secondary endpoints of erectile dysfunction, urinary incontinence, and QOL before, during, and after RT...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721554/feasibility-of-a-self-help-web-based-intervention-targeting-young-cancer-patients-with-sexual-problems-and-fertility-distress
#4
Maria Wiklander, Johanna Strandquist, Claire Micaux Obol, Lars E Eriksson, Jeanette Winterling, Kenny A Rodriguez-Wallberg, Kerstin Sjögren Fugl-Meyer, Johan Ahlgren, Per Ljungman, Claudia Lampic, Lena Wettergren
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the feasibility of a self-help web-based intervention to alleviate sexual problems and fertility distress in adolescents and young adults with cancer. METHODS: Twenty-three persons with cancer (19 women and 4 men, age 18-43, 1-5 years post-diagnosis of lymphoma, breast, gynecologic, central nervous system, or testicular cancer) were recruited to test a 2-month web-based program targeting sexual problems or fertility distress...
July 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720465/effect-of-age-difference-between-heterosexual-partners-on-risk-of-cervical-cancer-and-human-papillomavirus-infection
#5
Iacopo Baussano, Mireia Diaz, Stephen Tully, Nubia Muñoz, Silvia de Sanjosé, F Xavier Bosch, Silvia Franceschi
BACKGROUND: Age difference (Adiff) within a heterosexual couple may influence a woman's risk of being HPV-positive and developing cervical cancer (CC). METHODS: We assessed the relationship between Adiff within the first and current sexual partnership and risk of CC and HPV infection in 1495 cases and 1358 control women from 6 countries included in IARC's multicentric case-control study (median age: 48 years). RESULTS: Large Adiff within the first partnerships was associated with increased CC risk (OR≥3 vs...
June 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720451/high-diversity-of-alpha-beta-and-gamma-human-papillomaviruses-in-genital-samples-from-hiv-negative-and-hiv-positive-heterosexual-south-african-men
#6
Tracy L Meiring, Zizipho Z A Mbulawa, Maia Lesosky, David Coetzee, Anna-Lise Williamson
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the prevalence of HPVs in heterosexual South African men and the impact of HIV co-infection. METHODS: HPV was detected in penile swabs from 195 HIV-infected and 140 HIV-uninfected men using PCR with FAP59/64 primers and Roche Linear Array HPV genotyping (LA). Genotyping of FAP positive specimens was achieved by high-throughput sequencing of amplicons. RESULTS: HPV was detected by FAP PCR and LA in 79% (266/335) of the men...
June 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720359/functional-outcomes-following-radical-cystectomy-in-women-with-bladder-cancer-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Angela B Smith, Karen Crowell, Michael E Woods, Eric M Wallen, Raj S Pruthi, Matthew E Nielsen, Cheryl T Lee
CONTEXT: Gender-specific functional and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes following radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer (BCa) remain unclear, with many studies excluding women from the study population. OBJECTIVE: To better characterize female-specific functional outcomes following RC and urinary diversion for BCa. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We performed a critical review of PubMed/Medline and Embase in August 2015 according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis statement...
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720257/feasibility-of-advanced-practice-nursing-in-lung-cancer-consultations-during-early-treatment-a-phase-ii-study
#8
Andrea Serena, Andrew Dwyer, Solange Peters, Manuela Eicher
PURPOSE: There are limited data on the effectiveness of Advanced Practice Nurses in Lung Cancer (APNLC). Previous studies have demonstrated barriers to investigation including low recruitment and high attrition rates in lung cancer population. The primary aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of APNLC consultations and the ability to collect patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) during first-line treatment. The secondary aim was to describe changes in self-efficacy for managing lung cancer-related symptoms, symptom intensity/burden and unmet supportive care needs of APNLC patients during first-line treatment...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719237/ask-and-tell-the-importance-of-the-collection-of-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-data-to-improve-the-quality-of-cancer-care-for-sexual-and-gender-minorities
#9
Matthew B Schabath, Meghan Bowman Curci, Peter A Kanetsky, Susan T Vadaparampil, Vani N Simmons, Julian A Sanchez, Steven K Sutton, Christopher Wheldon, Gwendolyn P Quinn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716790/human-papillomavirus-prevalence-and-genotype-distribution-among-young-women-and-men-in-maputo-city-mozambique
#10
Viegas Edna Omar, Augusto Orvalho, Ismael Nália, Kaliff Malin, Lillsunde-Larsson Gabriella, Ramqvist Torbjörn, Nilsson Charlotta, Falk Kerstin, Osman Nafissa, Jani Ilesh Vindorai, Andersson Sören
OBJECTIVES: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a well-known cause of cervical cancer, the second most frequent cancer in female African populations. This study aimed at determining the prevalence of HPV infections and the genotype distribution in young adults aged 18-24, in Maputo city, Mozambique, and to assess the suitability of commercially available HPV vaccines. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between 2009 and 2011 at a youth clinic in Maputo Central Hospital...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712191/assessing-the-role-of-education-in-adult-women-s-knowledge-and-awareness-of-human-papillomavirus-and-human-papillomavirus-vaccine
#11
Humera Ismail, Sarah Rafiq, Shafia Shakoor, Muhammad Tariq Karim, Rabia Raheel
BACKGROUND: Awareness and knowledge of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and HPV vaccine among women are not satisfactory in developing countries. The aim of this study was to assess the role of education in adult women about knowledge and awareness of human papillomavirus (HPV) and HPV vaccine. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in women aged 19- 50 years attending the out-patient waiting area of a tertiary care hospital in Karachi from August 2014 to August 2015...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712040/the-effect-of-targeted-therapy-for-genitourinary-malignancies-on-sexual-function-and-fertility
#12
REVIEW
Bradley C Holland, Zubin Shetty, Shaheen Alanee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Targeted therapy for genitourinary cancer is being used at an increasing rate. These medications show great survival benefit but are relatively lacking in long-term adverse effect data. With increasing survivability, measures to improve quality of life must be considered for GU cancer and a large proponent of this is sexual function. RECENT FINDINGS: mTOR inhibitors have shown an effect on testosterone levels and may have a link to abnormal semen parameters...
August 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710895/erectile-function-after-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-localized-prostate-cancer
#13
Robert T Dess, Holly E Hartman, Nima Aghdam, William C Jackson, Payal D Soni, Ahmed E Abugharib, Simeng Suy, Neil B Desai, Zachary S Zumsteg, Rohit Mehra, Todd M Morgan, Felix Y Feng, Daniel A Hamstra, Matthew J Schipper, Sean P Collins, Daniel E Spratt
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the functional erection rate following prostate stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) and to develop a comprehensive prognostic model of outcomes following treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2008 and 2013, 373 consecutive men with localized prostate cancer were treated with SBRT at a single academic institution as part of a prospective clinical trial or prospective registry. Prospective longitudinal patient-reported quality of life (HRQOL) was collected using the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC-26)...
July 15, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708804/receptive-anal-intercourse-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-clinical-review
#14
Tracey Martin, Scott M Smukalla, Sunanda Kane, David P Hudesman, Richard Greene, Lisa B Malter
Receptive anal intercourse and its association with sexually transmitted infections and human papillomavirus-related anal dysplasia has been well studied in various at-risk groups including men who have sex with men. However, the relationship between receptive anal intercourse and its potential complications in patients with inflammatory bowel disease is not fully understood. This narrative review discusses sexually transmitted infections and anal dysplasia in patients with inflammatory bowel disease who engage in receptive anal intercourse and the lack of evidence-based data to guide clinical practice...
August 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708791/self-reported-long-term-autonomic-function-after-laparoscopic-total-mesometrial-resection-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer-a-multicentric-study
#15
Alessandro Lucidi, Swetlana Windemut, Marco Petrillo, Margherita Dessole, Giulio Sozzi, Giuseppe Filiberto Vercellino, Kaven Baessler, Giuseppe Vizzielli, Jalid Sehouli, Giovanni Scambia, Vito Chiantera
OBJECTIVES: This multicentric retrospective study investigates the early and long-term self-reported urinary, bowel, and sexual dysfunctions in early-stage cervical cancer patients who submitted to laparoscopic total mesometrial resection (L-TMMR), total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy, vaginal-assisted laparoscopic radical hysterectomy, and laparoscopic-assisted radical vaginal hysterectomy. METHODS: Cervical cancer patients, FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) stage IA2-IB1/IIA1 who submitted to nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy were recruited...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704329/long-term-oncological-outcome-after-conventional-radical-hysterectomy-versus-2-nerve-sparing-modalities-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer
#16
Mignon Dingena Johanna Maria van Gent, Mandy Rademaker, Johanna Cornelia Bernadette van der Veer, Mariëtte Inie Elizabeth van Poelgeest, Katja Nicoline Gaarenstroom, Hein Putter, Johannes Baptist Maria Zacharias Trimbos, Cor Doede de Kroon
OBJECTIVES: Nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy for early stage cervical cancer was introduced to improve quality of life after treatment. Sparing the pelvic autonomic nerves reduces bladder, bowel, and sexual dysfunction. The Leiden nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy (LNSRH) was modified to the Swift procedure, the latter being more radical regarding the sacrouterine and parametrial resection. We investigate whether nerve-sparing surgery has comparable oncological outcomes as the conventional radical hysterectomy (CRH)...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703328/insight-into-infection-mediated-prostate-damage-contrasting-patterns-of-c-reactive-protein-and-prostate-specific-antigen-levels-during-infection
#17
Melissa Milbrandt, Anke C Winter, Remington L Nevin, Ratna Pakpahan, Gary Bradwin, Angelo M De Marzo, Debra J Elliott, Charlotte A Gaydos, William B Isaacs, William G Nelson, Nader Rifai, Lori J Sokoll, Jonathan M Zenilman, Elizabeth A Platz, Siobhan Sutcliffe
BACKGROUND: To investigate mechanisms underlying our previous observation of a large rise in serum prostate-specific antigen, a marker of prostate pathology, during both sexually transmitted and systemic infections, we measured serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), a marker of systemic inflammation, in our previous case-control study of young, male US military members and compared our findings to those for PSA. METHODS: We measured hsCRP before and during infection for 299 chlamydia, 112 gonorrhea, and 59 non-chlamydial, non-gonococcal urethritis (NCNGU) cases; before and after infection for 55 infectious mononucleosis (IM) and 90 other systemic/non-genitourinary cases; and for 220-256 controls...
July 12, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703163/oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-and-the-role-of-sexual-behaviour-a-systematic-review
#18
(no author information available yet)
Limited and inconsistent evidence that sexual behaviours are a risk factor for orophangeal cancer.
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700844/follow-up-of-prostatectomy-versus-observation-for-early-prostate-cancer
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Timothy J Wilt, Karen M Jones, Michael J Barry, Gerald L Andriole, Daniel Culkin, Thomas Wheeler, William J Aronson, Michael K Brawer
BACKGROUND: We previously found no significant differences in mortality between men who underwent surgery for localized prostate cancer and those who were treated with observation only. Uncertainty persists regarding nonfatal health outcomes and long-term mortality. METHODS: From November 1994 through January 2002, we randomly assigned 731 men with localized prostate cancer to radical prostatectomy or observation. We extended follow-up through August 2014 for our primary outcome, all-cause mortality, and the main secondary outcome, prostate-cancer mortality...
July 13, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700299/chronic-health-conditions-and-key-health-indicators-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-older-us-adults-2013-2014
#20
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Chengshi Shui, Amanda E B Bryan
OBJECTIVES: To examine disparities in chronic conditions and health indicators among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults aged 50 years or older in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the 2013 and 2014 National Health Interview Survey to compare disparities in chronic conditions, health outcomes and behaviors, health care access, and preventive health care by sexual orientation and gender. RESULTS: LGB older adults were significantly more likely than heterosexual older adults to have a weakened immune system and low back or neck pain...
August 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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