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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919375/software-intelligent-system-for-effective-solutions-for-hearing-impaired-subjects
#1
Rajkumar S, Muttan S, Sapthagirivasan V, Jaya V, Vignesh S S
PURPOSE: The anatomy and physiology of the ear is complex in nature, which makes it a challenge for audiologists to prescribe solutions for varied hearing-impaired subjects. There is a need to increase the satisfaction level of hearing-aid users by adopting better strategies that involve modern technological advancements. AIM: To design and develop a decision support Software Intelligent System (SIS) that performs audiological investigations to assess the degree of hearing loss and to suggest appropriate hearing-aid gain values...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913721/application-based-hearing-screening-in-the-elderly-population
#2
Leonid Livshitz, Reem Ghanayim, Carmi Kraus, Raymond Farah, Ella Even-Tov, Yaniv Avraham, Adi Sharabi-Nov, Peter Gilbey
OBJECTIVES: The effects of age-related hearing loss are severe. Early detection is essential for maximum benefit. However, most hearing-impaired adults delay obtaining treatment. Diagnostic hearing testing at an appropriate facility is impractical, and new methods for screening audiometry aim to provide easy access for patients and reliable outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of application-based hearing screening in an elderly population. METHODS: The uHear application was downloaded to an iPad...
January 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913314/audiologic-characteristics-in-a-sample-of-recently-separated-military-veterans-the-noise-outcomes-in-servicemembers-epidemiology-study-noise-study
#3
J S Gordon, S E Griest, E J Thielman, K C Carlson, W J Helt, M S Lewis, C Blankenship, D Austin, S M Theodoroff, J A Henry
Military Service Members are often exposed to high levels of occupational noise, solvents, and other exposures that can be damaging to the auditory system. Little is known about hearing loss and how it progresses in Veterans following military service. This epidemiology study is designed to evaluate and monitor a cohort of Veterans for 20 years or more to determine how hearing loss changes over time and how those changes are related to noise exposure and other ototoxic exposures encountered during military service...
November 29, 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911912/comprehensive-genetic-analysis-of-japanese-autosomal-dominant-sensorineural-hearing-loss-patients
#4
Yoh-Ichiro Iwasa, Shin-Ya Nishio, Shin-Ichi Usami
BACKGROUND: In general, autosomal dominant inherited hearing loss does not have a founder mutation, with the causative mutation different in each family. For this reason, there has been a strong need for efficient diagnosis methods for autosomal dominant sensorineural hearing loss (ADSNHL) patients. This study sought to verify the effectiveness of our analysis algorithm for the screening of ADSNHL patients as well as the usefulness of the massively parallel DNA sequencing (MPS). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventy-five Japanese ADSNHL patients from 53 ENT departments nationwide participated in this study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905190/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-non-imaging-screening-protocols-for-vestibular-schwannoma-in-patients-with-asymmetrical-hearing-loss-and-or-unilateral-audiovestibular-dysfunction-a-diagnostic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
M Hentschel, M Scholte, S Steens, H Kunst, M Rovers
BACKGROUND: Currently, all patients presenting with asymmetrical sensorineural hearing loss and/or unilateral audiovestibular dysfunction (i.e. tinnitus, dizziness) undergo MRI, leading to a substantial amount of MRIs with negative findings as the incidence of vestibular schwannoma (VS) in this screening population varies between 1% and 4.7% (i.e. more than 95% of MRIs are negative for VS). OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: The aim was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of different non-imaging screening protocols that can be used prior to MRI to select patients at high risk of VS...
November 5, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900753/-issues-related-to-screening-and-caring-for-newborns-with-hearing-impairments
#6
Mei-Show Liou, Ying Tsao
The critical period for auditory development in humans begins at around the 20th gestational week and continues until 3 years of age. Both genetic and environmental factors are known to cause impaired hearing. Without early identification and intervention, hearing-impaired children face a high risk of experiencing significant difficulties with speech and language development, social behavior, and emotional functioning. Two types of commonly used hearing screening technologies include transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) and automated auditory brainstem response (aABR)...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898605/initial-results-of-a-safety-and-feasibility-study-of-auditory-brainstem-implantation-in-congenitally-deaf-children
#7
Eric P Wilkinson, Laurie S Eisenberg, Mark D Krieger, Marc S Schwartz, Margaret Winter, Jamie L Glater, Amy S Martinez, Laurel M Fisher, Robert V Shannon
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and feasibility of the auditory brainstem implant (ABI) in congenitally deaf children with cochlear aplasia and/or cochlear nerve deficiency. STUDY DESIGN: Phase I feasibility clinical trial of surgery in 10 children, ages 2 to 5 years, over a 3-year period. SETTING: Tertiary children's hospital and university-based pediatric speech/language/hearing center. INTERVENTION(S): ABI implantation and postsurgical programming...
November 24, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897125/a-comparison-of-thresholds-of-auditory-steady-state-response-and-auditory-brainstem-response-in-healthy-term-babies
#8
Onur Çelik, Görkem Eskiizmir, Uzdan Uz
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the effectiveness of auditory steady-state response (ASSR), determine the cut-off values for each frequency, and detect the best correlated frequencies when compared with the auditory brainstem response (ABR) thresholds in term babies under the age of 12 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 88 term babies with a mean age of 2.98 (1-11) months (174 ears) underwent ASSR and ABR tests. The ASSR thresholds for the frequencies of 500, 1000, 2000, and 4000 Hz were compared with the hearing level of the ABR thresholds...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896487/natural-compounds-as-occult-ototoxins-ginkgo-biloba-flavonoids-moderately-damage-lateral-line-hair-cells
#9
Sarah Neveux, Nicole K Smith, Anna Roche, Bruce E Blough, Wimal Pathmasiri, Allison B Coffin
Several drugs, including aminoglycosides and platinum-based chemotherapy agents, are well known for their ototoxic properties. However, FDA-approved drugs are not routinely tested for ototoxicity, so their potential to affect hearing often goes unrecognized. This issue is further compounded for natural products, where there is a lack of FDA oversight and the manufacturer is solely responsible for ensuring the safety of their products. Natural products such as herbal supplements are easily accessible and commonly used in the practice of traditional eastern and alternative medicine...
November 28, 2016: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890977/health-and-socioeconomic-status-of-the-elderly-people-living-in-hilly-areas-of-pakhribas-kosi-zone-nepal
#10
Ankit Amar Gupta, Amrit Kumar Lall, Aditi Das, Anshu Saurav, Abnish Nandan, Deepa Shah, Anand Agrahari, Deepak Kumar Yadav
BACKGROUND: The rising geriatric population is facing significant health and social problems in the developing world that are impacting the quality of their lives. OBJECTIVE: The study describes the general health status and the socioeconomic characteristics of the elderly people of Pakhribas village development committee (VDC) of Eastern Nepal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out targeting the people aged 60 years and above in the sample area using a semi-structured questionnaire and convenient sampling to get the required sample size...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890543/hearing-care-intervention-for-persons-with-dementia-a-pilot-study
#11
Sara K Mamo, Olivia Nirmalasari, Carrie L Nieman, Matthew K McNabney, Allison Simpson, Esther S Oh, Frank R Lin
OBJECTIVE: Hearing loss is a commonly unmet need among adults with dementia that may exacerbate common dementia-related behavioral symptoms. Accessing traditional audiology services for hearing loss is a challenge because of high cost and time commitment. To improve accessibility and affordability of hearing treatment for persons with dementia, there is a need for unique service delivery models. The purpose of this study is to test a novel hearing intervention for persons with dementia and family caregivers delivered in outpatient settings...
September 22, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886419/functional-characterization-of-a-novel-loss-of-function-mutation-of-prps1-related-to-early-onset-progressive-nonsyndromic-hearing-loss-in-koreans-dfnx1-potential-implications-on-future-therapeutic-intervention
#12
So Young Kim, Ah Reum Kim, Nayoung K D Kim, Chung Lee, Jin Hee Han, Min Young Kim, Eun-Hee Jeon, Woong-Yang Park, Rahul Mittal, Denise Yan, Xue Zhong Liu, Byung Yoon Choi
BACKGROUND: The symptoms of phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase 1 (PRPS1) deficiency diseases have been reported to be alleviated by medication. Herein, we report biochemical data to favor PRPS1 deficiency-related hearing loss as a potential target for pharmaceutical treatment. METHODS: We recruited 42 probands from subjects under the age of 15 years with a moderate degree of nonsyndromic autosomal-recessive or sporadic sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in at least one side...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Gene Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884841/herbal-medicines-for-the-treatment-of-otitis-media-with-effusion-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#13
Mi Ju Son, Songie Choi, Young-Eun Kim, Yun Hee Kim
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to assess the clinical evidence supporting the use of herbal medicines (HMs) for the treatment of otitis media with effusion (OME). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, AMED, CINAHL and three trial registries were searched up to January 2015. We also searched five Korean medical databases (KoreaMed, RISS, OASIS, DBPIA and KISS) and three Chinese databases (CNKI, Wanfang and VIP)...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870113/targeted-resequencing-of-deafness-genes-reveals-a-founder-myo15a-variant-in-northeastern-brazil
#14
Gabrielle N Manzoli, Guney Bademci, Angelina X Acosta, Têmis M Félix, F Basak Cengiz, Joseph Foster, Danniel S Dias Da Silva, Ibis Menendez, Isalis Sanchez-Pena, Demet Tekin, Susan H Blanton, Kiyoko Abe-Sandes, Xue Zhong Liu, Mustafa Tekin
Identifying the genetic etiology in a person with hearing loss (HL) is challenging due to the extreme genetic heterogeneity in HL and the population-specific variability. In this study, after excluding GJB2 variants, targeted resequencing of 180 deafness-related genes revealed the causative variants in 11 of 19 (58%) Brazilian probands with autosomal recessive HL. Identified pathogenic variants were in MYO15A (10 families) and CLDN14 (one family). Remarkably, the MYO15A p.(Val1400Met) variant was identified in eight families from the city of Monte Santo in the northeast region of Brazil...
November 2016: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869248/simplified-risk-assessment-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss-by-means-of-2-spreadsheet-models
#15
Arve Lie, Bo Engdahl, Kristian Tambs
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study has been to test 2 spreadsheet models to compare the observed with the expected hearing loss for a Norwegian reference population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The prevalence rates of the Norwegian and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) definitions of hearing outcomes were calculated in terms of sex and age, 20-64 years old, for a screened (with no occupational noise exposure) (N = 18 858) and unscreened (N = 38 333) Norwegian reference population from the Nord-Trøndelag Hearing Loss Study (NTHLS)...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865535/intratympanic-methylprednisolone-versus-gentamicin-in-patients-with-unilateral-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-a-randomised-double-blind-comparative-effectiveness-trial
#16
Mitesh Patel, Kiran Agarwal, Qadeer Arshad, Mohamed Hariri, Peter Rea, Barry M Seemungal, John F Golding, Jonny P Harcourt, Adolfo M Bronstein
BACKGROUND: Ménière's disease is characterised by severe vertigo attacks and hearing loss. Intratympanic gentamicin, the standard treatment for refractory Ménière's disease, reduces vertigo, but damages vestibular function and can worsen hearing. We aimed to assess whether intratympanic administration of the corticosteroid methylprednisolone reduces vertigo compared with gentamicin. METHODS: In this double-blind comparative effectiveness trial, patients aged 18-70 years with refractory unilateral Ménière's disease were enrolled at Charing Cross Hospital (London, UK) and Leicester Royal Infirmary (Leicester, UK)...
November 16, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863649/the-universal-newborn-hearing-screening-program-in-a-public-hospital-the-importance-of-the-day-of-examination
#17
Anastasia Dimitriou, Christos Perisanidis, Vasilios Chalkiadakis, Pavlos Marangoudakis, Antonios Tzagkaroulakis, Thomas P Nikolopoulos
OBJECTIVES: Newborn hearing screening programs are already implemented in many countries worldwide. Nonetheless there is still no consensus about the most proper post-birth day of examination. The purpose of this study was to assess the most appropriate day of universal hearing screening program in a public hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in "Attiko University National Health System Hospital" and included 2494 newborns. They were examined before discharge from the hospital, using transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs)...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863631/diagnostic-hearing-testing-of-infants-aged-0-36%C3%A2-months-in-3-south-african-provinces-comparison-of-audiology-records-to-hpcsa-guidelines
#18
Selvarani Moodley, Claudine Störbeck
INTRODUCTION: Within the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) pathway, which includes the processes of screening, diagnosis and intervention for paediatric hearing loss, paediatric diagnostic audiology involves a battery of specific tests and procedures. International studies have highlighted a golden standard for diagnosis of paediatric hearing loss as based on the Joint Committee of Infant Hearing (2007) diagnostic guidelines, closely resembling the HPCSA diagnostic guidelines...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863628/an-effective-compromise-between-cost-and-referral-rate-a-sequential-hearing-screening-protocol-using-teoaes-and-aabrs-for-healthy-newborns
#19
Yingying Shang, Wenyang Hao, Zhiqiang Gao, Chunxiao Xu, Ying Ru, Daofeng Ni
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the efficacy of a sequential hearing screening protocol using transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) and automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) tests in healthy newborns. DESIGN: A TEOAE screening was performed during the first 48-72 h of life. If the infants failed, an AABR test was performed at the same time, and they were referred for a TEOAE rescreening at six weeks old. The results of screening Protocol 1 (only TEOAE) were compared with those of screening Protocol 2 (sequential TEOAE + AABR screenings for the first screening and TEOAE for the rescreening)...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863036/newborn-hearing-screening-in-prematurity-fate-of-screening-failures-and-auditory-maturation
#20
Hyung Chae Yang, Chung Man Sung, Dong Joo Shin, Yong Beom Cho, Chul Ho Jang, Hyong-Ho Cho
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify delayed auditory maturation and the fate of premature infants who failed the newborn hearing screening (NHS) in neonatal intensive care unit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,375 neonates underwent NHS using the transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) in a tertiary hospital between 2007 and 2010 according to the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing Guidelines. In addition, a structured telephone survey was given to caregivers of infants who were lost to follow-up NHS...
November 12, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
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