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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227445/mobile-hearing-testing-applications-and-the-diagnosis-of-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-cautionary-tale
#1
Rosh K V Sethi, Iman Ghanad, Vivek Kanumuri, Barbara Herrmann, Elliott D Kozin, Aaron K Remenschneider
OBJECTIVE: Mobile hearing applications (apps) are available for hearing testing, personal sound amplification, as well as hearing aid modulation. Hearing testing apps are gaining popularity, especially in resource-limited settings. The reliability of mobile hearing testing apps, however, is not well characterized. PATIENTS/INTERVENTIONS: A case study of a single patient with a complaint of sudden hearing loss presenting to a tertiary-care hospital. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Comparison of a mobile hearing testing app results with standard audiogram...
January 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224773/parental-knowledge-and-attitudes-to-childhood-hearing-loss-and-hearing-services-in-the-solomon-islands
#2
Annette Kaspar, Obiga Newton, Joseph Kei, Carlie Driscoll, De Wet Swanepoel, Helen Goulios
OBJECTIVE: An understanding of parental knowledge and attitudes towards childhood hearing loss is essential to the successful implementation of audiology services. The present study aimed to investigate parental knowledge and attitudes among parents in the Solomon Islands. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 100 mothers and 50 fathers were administered a questionnaire via semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: Highest parental awareness of aetiology of childhood hearing loss was noted for otitis media (94%), noise exposure (87...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224768/newborn-hearing-screening-failure-and-maternal-factors-during-pregnancy
#3
Yehuda Schwarz, Gabriel N Kaufman, Sam J Daniel
OBJECTIVE: Temporary conductive hearing loss due to amniotic fluid accumulation in the middle ear cavity may lead to failure (false positive) in newborn hearing screening tests. The aim of this study was to identify whether amniotic fluid index has association with failure of the initial newborn otoacoustic emission (OAE) screening test. METHODS: A cohort study in a tertiary hospital center (Royal Victoria Hospital, Montréal) was constructed from 70 newborns that failed the OAE test, but passed a subsequent auditory brainstem response (ABR) test, and 75 randomly selected newborns that passed initial otoacoustic emission testing...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223694/atraumatic-versus-conventional-lumbar-puncture-needles-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Siddharth Nath, Alex Koziarz, Jetan H Badhiwala, Waleed Alhazzani, Roman Jaeschke, Sunjay Sharma, Laura Banfield, Ashkan Shoamanesh, Sheila Singh, Farshad Nassiri, Wieslaw Oczkowski, Emilie Belley-Côté, Ray Truant, Kesava Reddy, Maureen O Meade, Forough Farrokhyar, Malgorzata M Bala, Fayez Alshamsi, Mette Krag, Itziar Etxeandia-Ikobaltzeta, Regina Kunz, Osamu Nishida, Charles Matouk, Magdy Selim, Andrew Rhodes, Gregory Hawryluk, Saleh A Almenawer
BACKGROUND: Atraumatic needles have been proposed to lower complication rates after lumbar puncture. However, several surveys indicate that clinical adoption of these needles remains poor. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare patient outcomes after lumbar puncture with atraumatic needles and conventional needles. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we independently searched 13 databases with no language restrictions from inception to Aug 15, 2017, for randomised controlled trials comparing the use of atraumatic needles and conventional needles for any lumbar puncture indication...
December 6, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222679/-objective-audiometry-and-clinical-application
#5
M Cebulla, D Ehrmann-Müller, W Shehata-Dieler
Subjective and objective hearing tests are used for evaluation of hearing impairments. Objective methods include impedance measurement with tympanometry and stapedius reflex measurement, otoacoustic emissions (OAE), and auditory evoked potentials (AEP). Combined with statistical analysis, the introduction of auditory steady state responses (ASSR) has enabled objective hearing tests in newborn hearing screening and automated hearing threshold assessment. The type and degree of hearing loss can be determined using the abovementioned methods...
December 8, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218332/evaluating-author-and-user-experience-for-an-audio-haptic-system-for-annotation-of-physical-models
#6
James M Coughlan, Joshua Miele
We describe three usability studies involving a prototype system for creation and haptic exploration of labeled locations on 3D objects. The system uses a computer, webcam, and fiducial markers to associate a physical 3D object in the camera's view with a predefined digital map of labeled locations ("hotspots"), and to do real-time finger tracking, allowing a blind or visually impaired user to explore the object and hear individual labels spoken as each hotspot is touched. This paper describes: (a) a formative study with blind users exploring pre-annotated objects to assess system usability and accuracy; (b) a focus group of blind participants who used the system and, through structured and unstructured discussion, provided feedback on its practicality, possible applications, and real-world potential; and (c) a formative study in which a sighted adult used the system to add labels to on-screen images of objects, demonstrating the practicality of remote annotation of 3D models...
October 2017: ASSETS Association for Computing Machinery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214701/a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-of-the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-sedentary-behaviour-of-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#7
C A Melville, A McGarty, L Harris, L Hughes-McCormack, M Baltzer, L A McArthur, J Morrison, L Allan, S-A Cooper
BACKGROUND: High levels of sedentary behaviour have a negative impact on health and well-being. There is limited evidence on the prevalence and correlates of sedentary behaviour of adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). METHODS: A population-based sample of adults with ID were invited to take part in a comprehensive health check programme. Demographic and health data were collected during a structured interview and physical examination. Screen time was used as a proxy measure of sedentary behaviour...
January 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212433/age-dependence-of-thresholds-for-speech-in-noise-in-normal-hearing-adolescents
#8
Irene Jacobi, Marya Sheikh Rashid, Jan A P M de Laat, Wouter A Dreschler
Previously found effects of age on thresholds for speech reception thresholds in noise in adolescents as measured by an online screening survey require further study in a well-controlled teenage sample. Speech reception thresholds (SRT) of 72 normal-hearing adolescent students were analyzed by means of the online speech-in-noise screening tool Earcheck (In Dutch: Oorcheck). Screening was performed at school and included pure-tone audiometry to ensure normal-hearing thresholds. The students' ages ranged from 12 to 17 years...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211167/-spatial-and-temporal-analysis-of-the-coverage-for-neonatal-hearing-screening-in-brazil-2008-2015
#9
Monique Ramos Paschoal, Hannalice Gottschalck Cavalcanti, Maria Ângela Fernandes Ferreira
This article seeks to establish the coverage of neonatal hearing screening in Brazil between January 2008 and June 2015. It is an ecological study that uses the country, through the Urban Articulation Regions, as a base. To calculate the screening coverage percentage, the Live Births Information System, the Outpatient Information System and the Beneficiaries of the National Supplementary Health Agency Information System were used. An exploratory analysis of maps and spatial statistical analysis was conducted using TerraView 4...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211165/monitoring-of-hearing-and-language-in-primary-health-care-project-pilot
#10
Julianne Wagner, Andrea Wander Bonamigo, Fabiana de Oliveira, Márcia Salgado Machado
This article analyzes the feasibility of implementing a program that monitors the hearing and language development in the first year of life. It is a prospective longitudinal study, in which 41 community health workers were invited to monitor, on a monthly basis, by means of a questionnaire validated earlier, the hearing and language of children born in their micro areas of expertise. Thirty-nine community health workers agreed to participate, with only two refusals. Five gave up participating. Twenty-six (66...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211164/screening-of-hearing-in-elderly-people-assessment-of-accuracy-and-reproducibility-of-the-whispered-voice-test
#11
Ludimila Labanca, Fernando Sales Guimarães, Letícia Pimenta Costa-Guarisco, Erica de Araújo Brandão Couto, Denise Utsch Gonçalves
Given the high prevalence of presbycusis and its detrimental effect on quality of life, screening tests can be useful tools for detecting hearing loss in primary care settings. This study therefore aimed to determine the accuracy and reproducibility of the whispered voice test as a screening method for detecting hearing impairment in older people. This cross-sectional study was carried out with 210 older adults aged between 60 and 97 years who underwent the whispered voice test employing ten different phrases and using audiometry as a reference test...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211163/perception-of-hearing-loss-use-of-the-subjective-faces-scale-to-screen-hearing-among-the-elderly
#12
Letícia Pimenta Costa-Guarisco, Daniela Dalpubel, Ludimila Labanca, Marcos Hortes Nisihara Chagas
Presbycusis is a disorder present among the elderly. However, it is under-diagnosed, making it important to develop and enhance simple screening tools. OBJECTIVE: The subjective faces scale has been proposed as a method to assess auditory self-perception among the elderly, and its correlation with audiological tests. METHODS: We looked at elderly patients referred to the audiology service of a reference center for the care of the elderly in a public university hospital between February and November 2013...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209267/transition-from-acute-to-chronic-tinnitus-predictors-for-the-development-of-chronic-distressing-tinnitus
#13
Elisabeth Wallhäusser-Franke, Roberto D'Amelio, Anna Glauner, Wolfgang Delb, Jérôme J Servais, Karl Hörmann, Ines Repik
Background: Acute tinnitus and its transition to chronic tinnitus are poorly investigated, and factors associated with amelioration versus exacerbation are largely unknown. Aims of this study were to identify early predictors for the future development of tinnitus severity. Method: Patients with tinnitus of no longer than 4 weeks presenting at an otolaryngologist filled out questionnaires at inclusion (T1), as well as 3 (T3), and 6 months (T4) after tinnitus onset...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205100/role-of-cortical-auditory-evoked-potentials-in-reducing-the-age-at-hearing-aid-fitting-in-children-with-hearing-loss-identified-by-newborn-hearing-screening
#14
Kinjal Mehta, Peter Watkin, Margaret Baldwin, Josephine Marriage, Merle Mahon, Deborah Vickers
Recording of free-field cortical auditory evoked potential (CAEP) responses to speech tokens was introduced into the audiology management for infants with a permanent childhood hearing impairment (PCHI) during 2011-2015 at a U.K. service. Children with bilateral PCHI were studied from two sequential cohorts. Thirty-four children had followed an audiology pathway prior to CAEP introduction, and 44 children followed a pathway after the introduction of CAEP and were tested with unaided and aided CAEP responses...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202862/coping-with-unusual-experiences-for-12-18-year-olds-cues-a-transdiagnostic-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-therapy-in-reducing-distress-associated-with-unusual-experiences-in-adolescent-mental-health-services-study-protocol-for
#15
Suzanne Jolley, Sophie Browning, Richard Corrigall, Kristin R Laurens, Colette Hirsch, Karen Bracegirdle, Kimberley Gin, Francesca Muccio, Catherine Stewart, Partha Banerjea, Elizabeth Kuipers, Philippa Garety, Majella Byrne, Juliana Onwumere, Evanthia Achilla, Paul McCrone, Richard Emsley
BACKGROUND: Childhood 'unusual experiences' (such as hearing voices that others cannot, or suspicions of being followed) are common, but can become more distressing during adolescence, especially for young people in contact with Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). Unusual experiences that are distressing or have adverse life impact (UEDs) are associated with a range of current and future emotional, behavioural and mental health difficulties. Recommendations for psychological intervention are based on evidence from adult studies, with some support from small, pilot, child-specific evaluations...
December 4, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197352/whole-exome-sequencing-identifies-triobp-pathogenic-variants-as-a-cause-of-post-lingual-bilateral-moderate-to-severe-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#16
Agnieszka Pollak, Urszula Lechowicz, Victor Abel Murcia Pieńkowski, Piotr Stawiński, Joanna Kosińska, Henryk Skarżyński, Monika Ołdak, Rafał Płoski
BACKGROUND: Implementation of whole exome sequencing has provided unique opportunity for a wide screening of causative variants in genetically heterogeneous diseases, including nonsyndromic hearing impairment. TRIOBP in the inner ear is responsible for proper structure and function of stereocilia and is necessary for sound transduction. METHODS: Whole exome sequencing followed by Sanger sequencing was conducted on patients derived from Polish hearing loss family...
December 2, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196752/combined-genetic-approaches-yield-a-48-diagnostic-rate-in-a-large-cohort-of-french-hearing-impaired-patients
#17
D Baux, C Vaché, C Blanchet, M Willems, C Baudoin, M Moclyn, V Faugère, R Touraine, B Isidor, D Dupin-Deguine, M Nizon, M Vincent, S Mercier, C Calais, G García-García, Z Azher, L Lambert, Y Perdomo-Trujillo, F Giuliano, M Claustres, M Koenig, M Mondain, A F Roux
Hearing loss is the most common sensory disorder and because of its high genetic heterogeneity, implementation of Massively Parallel Sequencing (MPS) in diagnostic laboratories is greatly improving the possibilities of offering optimal care to patients. We present the results of a two-year period of molecular diagnosis that included 207 French families referred for non-syndromic hearing loss. Our multi-step strategy involved (i) DFNB1 locus analysis, (ii) MPS of 74 genes, and (iii) additional approaches including Copy Number Variations, in silico analyses, minigene studies coupled when appropriate with complete gene sequencing, and a specific assay for STRC...
December 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196108/leaflets-and-continual-educational-offerings-led-to-increased-coverage-rate-of-newborn-hearing-screening-in-akita
#18
Teruyuki Sato, Misao Nakazawa, Shin Takahashi, Tomomi Mizuno, Akira Sato, Atsuko Noguchi, Megumi Sato, Sadako Katagiri, Takechiyo Yamada
OBJECTIVE: Newborn hearing screening (NHS) has been actively performed in Japan since 2001. The NHS coverage rate has increased each year in Akita Prefecture. We analyzed the details of the NHS program and how the Akita leaflets and the many educational offerings about the importance of NHS led to the high NHS coverage rate. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in liveborn newborns in hospitals and in clinics where hearing screening was performed from the program's beginning in 2001 through the end of 2015...
November 28, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195451/why-orchestral-musicians-are-bound-to-wear-earplugs-about-the-ineffectiveness-of-physical-measures-to-reduce-sound-exposure
#19
Remy Wenmaekers, Bareld Nicolai, Maarten Hornikx, Armin Kohlrausch
Symphony orchestra musicians are exposed to noise levels that put them at risk of developing hearing damage. This study evaluates the potential effectivity of common control measures used in orchestras on open stages with a typical symphonic setup. A validated acoustic prediction model is used that calculates binaural sound exposure levels at the ears of all musicians in the orchestra. The model calculates the equivalent sound levels for a performance of the first 2 min of the 4th movement of Mahler's 1st symphony, which can be considered representative for loud orchestral music...
November 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192423/bisphosphonates-for-paget-s-disease-of-bone-in-adults
#20
REVIEW
Luis Corral-Gudino, Adrian Jh Tan, Javier Del Pino-Montes, Stuart H Ralston
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonates are considered to be the treatment of choice for people with Paget's disease of bone. However, the effects of bisphosphonates on patient-centred outcomes have not been extensively studied. There are insufficient data to determine whether reducing and maintaining biochemical markers of bone turnover to within the normal range improves quality of life and reduces the risk of complications. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of bisphosphonates for adult patients with Paget's disease of bone...
December 1, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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