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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441153/discharge-criteria-for-the-late-preterm-infant-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
Jenny M Quinn, Marteen Sparks, Sheila M Gephart
BACKGROUND: Standardized late preterm infant (LPI) discharge criteria ensure best practice and help guide the neonatal provider to determine the appropriate level of care following birth. However, the location can vary from the well newborn setting to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to examine differences in LPI discharge criteria between the well newborn setting and the NICU by answering the clinical questions, "What are the recommended discharge criteria for the LPI and do they differ if admitted to the well newborn setting versus the NICU?" SEARCH STRATEGY: Databases searched include CINAHL, TRIP, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library...
April 24, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436184/delaying-cognitive-and-physical-decline-through-multidomain-interventions-for-residents-with-mild-to-moderate-dementia-in-dementia-care-units-in-taiwan-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Chih-Kuang Liang, Ming-Yueh Chou, Liang-Yu Chen, Kuei-Yu Wang, Shih-Yi Lin, Liang-Kung Chen, Yu-Te Lin, Tsung-Yun Liu, Ching-Hui Loh
AIM: To develop experimental multi-domain interventions for older people with mild-to-moderate dementia, and to evaluate the effect of delaying cognitive and physical decline, and improvement or prevention of geriatric syndromes during 1-year follow up. METHODS: Participants aged 65 years and older with mild-to-moderate dementia (clinical dementia rating [CDR] 1 or 2) were grouped as intervention in Jia-Li Veterans Home and usual care model in the community (Memory clinic)...
April 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429364/application-of-gene-detection-technique-in-the-antenatal-diagnosis-of-hereditary-hearing-loss
#3
Y Fang, M-S Gu, F Suo, C-X Wang, X-H Liu, F-M Liu
OBJECTIVE: Gene chip and gene sequencing techniques were used to detect the main pathogenic genes in pregnant women with hereditary hearing loss. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From May 2015 to May 2016, 1080 pregnant in Xuzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital were enrolled in this study. Women age range was 18 to 40 years. 4 genes and 9 mutation sites, including 4 sites (35delG, 176, 235delC and 299) in GJB2 gene, 2 sites (2168A>G and IVS-7-2A>G) in SLC26A4 (PDS) gene, 2 sites (1494C>T and 1555A>G) in 12s rRNA gene and 1 site (538C>T) in GJB3 gene, were detected using the GeeDom® 9-item hereditary hearing loss gene detection kit...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426888/adolescent-depression-differential-symptom-presentations-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-youth-using-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9
#4
Melanie L Bozzay, Kimberly N O'Leary, Alessandro S De Nadai, Kim Gryglewicz, Gabriela Romero, Marc S Karver
The present study examined differences in symptom presentation in screening for pediatric depression via evaluation of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). In particular, we examined whether PHQ-9 items function differentially among deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH; n = 75) and hearing (n = 75) youth based on participants recruited from crisis assessment services. Multiple indicators multiple causes models were used to examine whether items of the PHQ-9 functioned differently between groups as well as whether there were group differences in the mean severity of depressive symptoms...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426234/the-otogl-p-arg925-variant-is-associated-with-moderate-hearing-loss-in-a-syrian-nonconsanguineous-family
#5
Rana Barake, Samer Abou-Rizk, Georges Nemer, Marc Bassim
AIMS: To screen for the genetic basis of congenital hearing loss in a Syrian family. METHODS: A Syrian patient living in Lebanon presented with moderate congenital hearing loss. The patient's large nonconsanguineous family was recruited. DNA was extracted from blood samples and sent for whole-exome sequencing. A detailed clinical examination along with audiograms was obtained for all subjects. RESULTS: Hearing loss was noted to be mild to moderate in the low and mid frequencies, sloping to moderate to severe in the high frequencies for all affected members...
April 20, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420769/newborn-hearing-screening-making-a-difference
#6
Marcia Fort
Newborn hearing screening has become the standard of care in the United States, with over 98% of infants born screened for hearing loss. Appropriate and timely follow-up is critical when an infant does not pass the screening. While there remains room for improvement, newborn hearing screening is making a difference.
March 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420768/introduction-to-the-ncmj-s-special-issue-on-vision-and-hearing-loss
#7
Sharon W Williams
This article introduces NCMJ's special issue on vision and hearing loss. The 13 articles are organized around four areas: 1) screening and early intervention; 2) technology; 3) prevention; and 4) accommodation, accessibility, and communication. Together the authors discuss a wide range of potential challenges. However, importantly, the authors also provide a wealth of resources for individuals, families, and health care providers.
March 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420270/stages-of-change-in-audiology-comparison-of-three-self-assessment-measures
#8
Elisabeth Ingo, K Jonas Brännström, Gerhard Andersson, Thomas Lunner, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque
OBJECTIVE: In a clinical setting, theories of health behaviour change could help audiologists and other hearing health care professionals understand the barriers that prevent people with hearing problems to seek audiological help. The transtheoretical (stages of change) model of health behaviour change is one of these theories. It describes a person's journey towards health behaviour change (e.g. seeking help or taking up rehabilitation) in separate stages: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and, finally, maintenance...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420004/hearing-loss-and-risk-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-findings-from-the-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-study
#9
Rebecca Heywood, Qi Gao, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Lei Feng, Mei Sian Chong, Wee Shiong Lim, Philip Yap, Tih-Shih Lee, Keng Bee Yap, Shiou Liang Wee, Tze Pin Ng
AIM: To investigate the associations between hearing loss and prevalent and incident mild cognitive impairment (MCI), dementia and MCI or dementia (all cases). METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of baseline and follow-up data were performed in a population-based cohort. The baseline sample of 2,599 adults aged ≥55 included 1,515 cognitively normal subjects who were followed up to 8 years. Hearing loss at baseline was determined by the whispered voice test, and MCI and dementia by Mini-Mental State Examination screening, Clinical Dementia Rating scale, neurocognitive tests, MRI, and panel consensus diagnosis...
April 19, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418328/internet-based-intervention-for-tinnitus-outcome-of-a-single-group-open-trial
#10
Eldré W Beukes, Peter M Allen, Vinaya Manchaiah, David M Baguley, Gerhard Andersson
BACKGROUND: Managing chronic tinnitus is challenging, and innovative ways to address the resulting health-care burden are required. Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) for tinnitus shows promise as a cost-effective treatment option. The feasibility and effectiveness of iCBT in the United Kingdom are yet to be explored. Furthermore, it is not known if iCBT can be supported by an audiologist rather than a psychologist. PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the feasibility of guided iCBT using audiological support on tinnitus distress and tinnitus-related comorbidities...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418323/the-personality-profile-of-tinnitus-sufferers-and-a-nontinnitus-control-group
#11
Mithila Durai, Mary G O'Keeffe, Grant D Searchfield
BACKGROUND: Chronic tinnitus (phantom perception of sound) significantly disrupts quality of life in 15-20% of those who experience it. Understanding how certain personality traits impact tinnitus perception and distress can be beneficial for the development of interventions to improve the lives of tinnitus sufferers. PURPOSE: Four key self-reported personality traits (social closeness, stress reaction, alienation, and self-control) were identified from previous research as being associated with tinnitus...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416012/congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection-advances-and-challenges-in-diagnosis-prevention-and-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Concetta Marsico, David W Kimberlin
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most frequent cause of congenital infection worldwide, with an estimated incidence in developing countries of 0.6-0.7% of all live births. The burden of disease related to congenital CMV in substantial, as it is the leading non-genetic cause of sensorineural hearing loss and an important cause of neurodevelopmental disabilities in children. Despite its clinical significance, congenital CMV infection often goes undetected because the majority of infected infants are asymptomatic at birth and screening programs have not been substantially implemented...
April 17, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409842/development-of-cognitive-screening-test-for-the-severely-hearing-impaired-hearing-impaired-moca
#13
Vincent Y W Lin, Janet Chung, Brandy L Callahan, Leah Smith, Nils Gritters, Joseph M Chen, Sandra E Black, Mario Masellis
OBJECTIVES: To develop a version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) to be administered to the severely hearing impaired (HI-MoCA), and to assess its performance in two groups of cognitively intact adults over the age of 60. STUDY TYPE: Test development followed by prospective subject recruitment. METHODS: The MoCA was converted into a timed PowerPoint (Microsoft Corp., Redmond, WA) presentation, and verbal instructions were converted into visual instructions...
May 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409393/stereotactic-radiosurgery-vs-fractionated-radiotherapy-for-tumor-control-in-vestibular-schwannoma-patients-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Oscar Persson, Jiri Bartek, Netanel Ben Shalom, Theresa Wangerid, Asgeir Store Jakola, Petter Förander
OBJECTIVE: Repeated controlled studies have revealed that stereotactic radiosurgery is better than microsurgery for patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS) <3 cm in need of intervention. In this systematic review we aimed to compare results from single-fraction stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) to fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) for patients with VS. DATA SOURCES AND ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: We systematically searched MEDLINE, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane and screened relevant articles for references...
April 13, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399063/language-outcomes-in-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-teenagers-who-are-spoken-language-users-effects-of-universal-newborn-hearing-screening-and-early-confirmation
#15
Hannah Pimperton, Jana Kreppner, Merle Mahon, Jim Stevenson, Emmanouela Terlektsi, Sarah Worsfold, Ho Ming Yuen, Colin R Kennedy
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine whether (a) exposure to universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) and b) early confirmation of hearing loss were associated with benefits to expressive and receptive language outcomes in the teenage years for a cohort of spoken language users. It also aimed to determine whether either of these two variables was associated with benefits to relative language gain from middle childhood to adolescence within this cohort. DESIGN: The participants were drawn from a prospective cohort study of a population sample of children with bilateral permanent childhood hearing loss, who varied in their exposure to UNHS and who had previously had their language skills assessed at 6-10 years...
April 10, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399062/listening-effort-through-depth-of-processing-in-school-age-children
#16
Benson Cheng-Lin Hsu, Filiep Vanpoucke, Astrid van Wieringen
OBJECTIVES: A reliable and practical measure of listening effort is crucial in the aural rehabilitation of children with communication disorders. In this article, we propose a novel behavioral paradigm designed to measure listening effort in school-age children based on different depths and levels of verbal processing. The paradigm consists of a classic word recognition task performed in quiet and in noise coupled to one of three additional tasks asking the children to judge the color of simple pictures or a certain semantic category of the presented words...
April 10, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397520/perceptions-of-public-primary-school-teachers-regarding-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-south-africa
#17
Katerina Ehlert
BACKGROUND: Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is an increasingly growing problem in young children. This is attributed to recreational noise being the most common cause of this problem. In young children, hearing problems can delay language development and reduce academic achievements. South Africa, in particular, has limited information and protective measures regarding the conservation of hearing in school-aged children. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of the study was to determine the perception of primary school teachers regarding NIHL...
March 28, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395068/factors-related-to-not-following-up-with-recommended-testing-in-the-diagnosis-of-newborn-hearing-loss
#18
Wendy Zeitlin, Charles Auerbach, Susan E Mason, Lynn G Spivak, Bena Reiter
Children's hearing is a public health concern, and universal newborn hearing screenings are the first step in detecting and treating congenital hearing loss. Despite the high rate of participation in such programs, loss to follow-up (LTF) with additional recommended diagnosis and treatment has been a persistent problem. The current research seeks to expand the knowledge base at the point of diagnosis, where there is a large drop-off in parents following through with recommended care. This research was organized around the following question: What biopsychosocial factors are associated with LTF between screenings and diagnostic evaluations? A prospective quantitative longitudinal study tracked 203 families whose newborns were referred for additional testing at discharge from the hospital after birth...
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390612/the-results-of-newborn-hearing-screening-by-means-of-transient-otoacoustic-emissions-has-anything-changed-over-10-years
#19
Katarzyna Wroblewska-Seniuk, Grazyna Greczka, Piotr Dabrowski, Witold Szyfter, Jan Mazela
OBJECTIVES: Universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) has become the standard of care in many countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of UNHS after ten years of the program in Poland and to compare them with the results of 2003. METHODS: In the study, we analyze the results of UNHS in the University Hospital in Poznan, Poland. Between 01.01.2013 and 31.12.2013, 6827 children were examined by means of otoacoustic emissions. RESULTS: Risk factors (RF) were identified in 772 (11...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385167/hearing-screening-in-newborns-in-the-central-denmark-region
#20
Linda Busk Linnebjerg, Anita Ekman Hansen, Troels Reinholdt Møller
INTRODUCTION: In 2005, a nationwide programme on hearing screening in newborns was launched in Denmark. The purpose of the programme was to ensure early detection of hearing loss in newborns and to institute subsequent treatment. The aim of this study was to assess whether the Central Denmark Region observes the guidelines of the Danish Health and Medicines Authority (DHMA) for neonatal hearing. In addition, we wanted to identify factors that may influence screening density positively or negatively...
April 2017: Danish Medical Journal
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