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Genital tract trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838864/pelvic-abscess-secondary-to-mycoplasma-hominis-following-vaginal-laceration
#1
Vini Vijayan, Gail L Woods, Dale R Donnell, José R Romero
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma hominis frequently colonizes the urogenital and respiratory tracts of healthy individuals. It has also been associated with genitourinary tract and extra-genital syndromes. CASE: We present a 14-year-old girl who developed a pelvic abscess secondary to M. hominis following a vaginal laceration during sexual intercourse. Despite drainage and broad spectrum antimicrobial therapy, the patient remained symptomatic until M. hominis was identified and specific therapy instituted...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813712/management-of-the-perineum-during-delivery-with-the-kiwi-omnicup-effects-of-mediolateral-episiotomy-on-anal-sphincter-tears-in-nulliparous-women
#2
Barbara Bodner-Adler, Oliver Kimberger, Andreas Käfer, Peter Husslein, Klaus Bodner
AIM: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the association of mediolateral episiotomy with severe perineal trauma during Kiwi omnicup vacuum delivery. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed all Kiwi omnicup vacuum deliveries between 2010 and 2015 in nulliparous women. Secondary outcomes of interest included frequency of genital tract trauma, outcome of Kiwi extraction and influence on neonatal parameters. RESULTS: A total of 572 nulliparous women who were delivered with the aid of vacuum were analyzed...
August 17, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608597/perineal-techniques-during-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-reducing-perineal-trauma
#3
REVIEW
Vigdis Aasheim, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen, Liv Merete Reinar, Mirjam Lukasse
BACKGROUND: Most vaginal births are associated with trauma to the genital tract. The morbidity associated with perineal trauma can be significant, especially when it comes to third- and fourth-degree tears. Different interventions including perineal massage, warm or cold compresses, and perineal management techniques have been used to prevent trauma. This is an update of a Cochrane review that was first published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of perineal techniques during the second stage of labour on the incidence and morbidity associated with perineal trauma...
June 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598450/lower-genital-tract-trauma-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-mid-western-nepal
#4
A K Adhikari, M Dutta, C R Das
INTRODUCTION: The study of lower genital tract trauma has become important in gynaecological practice. There is paucity of reports on this clinical entity from our settings. The main aim of this study is to document injuries in female lower genital tract in Mid-Western Nepal. METHODS: Sixty female patients admitted to the hospital with genital tract injuries caused by coitus or accidents were included in the study. Details of the causes of trauma clinical presentations and management were recorded...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570576/characteristics-of-hiv-target-cd4-t-cells-collected-using-different-sampling-methods-from-the-genital-tract-of-hiv-seronegative-women
#5
Smita S Iyer, Michael J Sabula, C Christina Mehta, Lisa B Haddad, Nakita L Brown, Rama R Amara, Igho Ofotokun, Anandi N Sheth
BACKGROUND: Understanding the immune profile of CD4 T cells, the primary targets for HIV, in the female genital tract (FGT) is critical for evaluating and developing effective biomedical HIV prevention strategies in women. However, longitudinal investigation of HIV susceptibility markers expressed by FGT CD4 T cells has been hindered by low cellular yield and risk of sampling-associated trauma. We investigated three minimally invasive FGT sampling methods to characterize and compare CD4 T cell yield and phenotype with the goal of establishing feasible sampling strategies for immune profiling of mucosal CD4 T cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438352/burns-to-the-genitalia-perineum-and-buttocks-increase-the-risk-of-death-among-u-s-service-members-sustaining-combat-related-burns-in-iraq-and-afghanistan
#6
Michael S Clemens, Judson C Janak, Julie A Rizzo, John C Graybill, Michelle F Buehner, Steven J Hudak, Charles K Thompson, Kevin K Chung
PURPOSE: Among service members injured in Iraq and Afghanistan, to determine the risk of mortality associated with combat-related burns to the genitalia, perineum, and buttocks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospectively maintained burn registry from the United States Army Institute of Surgical Research was retrospectively reviewed to identify all service members with combat-related burns sustained in Iraq and Afghanistan from March 2003 to October 2013. The two primary risk factors of interest were (1) any burn to the genitals, perineum, and/or buttocks (PB) and (2) burns involving the entire perineal, genital, and buttock region (complete PB)...
April 21, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332171/sport-and-male-sexuality
#7
REVIEW
P Sgrò, L Di Luigi
The relationships between sport and sexuality in males are of great social and clinical interest, because of sports and motor activities that highly promote social and sexual relationships. Even if few literature exist, two main questions should be taken into account: whether and how physical exercise and sport positively or negatively influence sexual health and behavior and/or whether and how sexual behavior may affect a sub-sequent sport performance. Physical exercise and sport per se can influence, positively or negatively, the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis function and, consequently, the individual's reproductive and/or sexual health...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131117/identification-and-management-of-obstetric-hemorrhage
#8
REVIEW
Emily J Baird
Obstetric hemorrhage remains the leading cause of maternal death and severe morbidity worldwide. Although uterine atony is the most common cause of peripartum bleeding, abnormal placentation, coagulation disorders, and genital tract trauma contribute to adverse maternal outcomes. Given the inability to reliably predict patients at high risk for obstetric hemorrhage, all parturients should be considered susceptible, and extreme vigilance must be exercised in the assessment of blood loss and hemodynamic stability during the peripartum period...
March 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918165/-sarcoidosis-of-the-female-genital-tract
#9
REVIEW
A Šefčíková, M Turková, M Žurková
OBJECTIVE: To present the findings of sarcoidosis on female genital tract. DESIGN: Review. SETTING: Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Silesian Hospital Opava. METHODS: Overview of published findings from case studies. CONCLUSION: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder of unclear cause. It typically involves the lymph nodes of mediastinum, predominantly billateral and/or pulmonary infiltrates...
December 0: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793119/obstetric-outcomes-for-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-at-an-australian-hospital-2006-2012-a-descriptive-study
#10
Nesrin Varol, Angela Dawson, Sabera Turkmani, John J Hall, Susie Nanayakkara, Greg Jenkins, Caroline S E Homer, Kevin McGeechan
BACKGROUND: Women, who have been subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM), can suffer serious and irreversible physical, psychological and psychosexual complications. They have more adverse obstetric outcomes as compared to women without FGM. Exploratory studies suggest radical change to abandonment of FGM by communities after migration to countries where FGM is not prevalent. Women who had been subjected to FGM as a child in their countries of origin, require specialised healthcare to reduce complications and further suffering...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377834/the-clinical-findings-in-young-adults-with-acute-scrotal-pain
#11
Misgav Rottenstreich, Yuval Glick, Ofer Natan Gofrit
BACKGROUND: Acute scrotal pain (ASP) is a common symptom of young adults. Testicular torsion is the most important diagnosis in these cases. It is a medical emergency in which the diagnosis must be made rapidly to prevent testicular loss. This requires a high index of clinical suspicion and prompt surgical intervention. This study was conducted to examine the spectrum of diagnoses in young man with ASP in a prehospital setting, the frequency of significant diagnoses, and their outcomes...
October 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377504/pattern-of-episiotomy-use-its-immediate-complications-among-vaginal-deliveries-in-18-tertiary-care-hospitals-in-india
#12
Shalini Singh, Tushita Thakur, Nomita Chandhiok, Balwan Singh Dhillon
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: In developed countries, efforts have been made to restrict episiotomy practice. However, in developing countries the episiotomy rates continue to be high. This study was conducted to evaluate the pattern of episiotomy use and its immediate complications among women delivering at tertiary level public hospitals in India. METHODS: Prospective data of all women undergoing vaginal delivery including instrumental delivery were collected daily from the labour room registers of the 18 tertiary care hospitals on a structured proforma...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234319/penile-traumatic-neuroma-a-late-complication-of-penile-dorsal-neurotomy-to-treat-premature-ejaculation
#13
Hyun Jun Park, Tae Nam Kim, Seung Ryong Baek, Kyung Min Lee, Kyung-Un Choi, Nam Cheol Park
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic neuroma is a reactive process caused by the regeneration of an injured nerve that usually forms a nodular proliferation of small nerve bundles. Penile traumatic neuroma is rare; only a few cases related to circumcision have been reported. AIM: To report on a case of traumatic neuroma in the penis after selective dorsal neurotomy (SDN) to treat premature ejaculation. METHODS: The penile traumatic neuroma was successfully removed by excision and confirmed by histopathology...
September 2016: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26917474/-evaluation-of-efficacy-and-safety-of-pelvic-arterial-embolization-in-women-with-primary-postpartum-hemorrhage
#14
P P Tang, H Y Hu, J S Gao, J Hu, Y F Zhong, T Wang, Y N Song, X Y Zhou, J Q Yang, J T Liu, J Pan, H F Shi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pelvic arterial embolization (PAE) in women with intractable primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). METHODS: Clinical data of 36 cases were analyzed retrospectively in which women underwent PAE for intractable primary PPH in Peking Union Medical College Hospital between Jan 2006 and Jan 2015. The success rate of PAE were measured and possible predictive risk factors associated with treatment failure were analyzed. The complications secondary to PAE were also recorded...
February 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26789485/maternal-and-newborn-outcomes-following-waterbirth-the-midwives-alliance-of-north-america-statistics-project-2004-to-2009-cohort
#15
Marit L Bovbjerg, Melissa Cheyney, Courtney Everson
INTRODUCTION: Data on the safety of waterbirth in the United States are lacking. METHODS: We used data from the Midwives Alliance of North America Statistics Project, birth years 2004 to 2009. We compared outcomes of neonates born underwater waterbirth (n = 6534), neonates not born underwater nonwaterbirth (n = 10,290), and neonates whose mothers intended a waterbirth but did not have one intended waterbirth (n = 1573). Neonatal outcomes included a 5-minute Apgar score of less than 7, neonatal hospital transfer, and hospitalization or neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission in the first 6 weeks...
January 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26682078/vulvar-epidermoid-cyst-and-type-2-radical-genital-mutilation
#16
Ozer Birge, Ertugrul Gazi Ozbey, Deniz Arslan, Mustafa Melih Erkan, Feyza Demir, Utku Akgor
About 100 million women are estimated to be circumcised globally. Various rates of complications have been encountered, especially after circumcision, such as bleeding, infection, shock, menstrual irregularity, difficulty in urination or common urinary tract infections, inguinal pain, difficulty in sexual intercourse, and genital circumcision scar especially at the vulvar region, and cystic or solid character mass in short and long term. Furthermore, the maternal-fetal morbidity and mortality increase due to bleeding and fistula, which develop after prolonged labor, travail, and difficult labors...
2015: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26430431/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-acute-urogenital-and-genitalia-tract-traumas-10-year-clinical-experience
#17
Qingsong Zou, Qiang Fu
OBJECTIVE: To report our 10-year diagnosis and treatment experience of acute urogenital and genitalia tract traumas and outline the management of the traumatic injury. METHODS: We reviewed the diagnoses and treatments of 208 cases of acute kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra, or male genitalia injuries in our department between March 2002 and March 2012. The patient data including general information, injury position and mechanism, diagnosis and treatment, the follow-up information was analyzed and summarized...
July 2015: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26233699/characteristics-management-and-outcomes-of-repair-of-rectovaginal-fistula-among-1100-consecutive-cases-of-female-genital-tract-fistula-in-ethiopia
#18
Andrew Browning, Sigrid Whiteside
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the incidence, presentation, management, and outcomes of rectovaginal fistula (RVF) in Ethiopia. METHODS: In a retrospective study, demographic and clinical data were obtained for all women with genital tract fistulas admitted to the Barhirdar Hamlin Fistula Hospital, Ethiopia, for fistula repair surgery between January 2005 and October 2008. RESULTS: Of 1100 cases, 1057 were suitable for analysis. Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) without RVF was present in 933 (88...
October 2015: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25993407/amelanotic-vulvar-melanoma-a-case-report
#19
Rossella Filippetti, Rossella Pitocco
A 14-year-old girl stated that she has vulvar pruritus, pain, and bleeding and underwent a complete gynecological evaluation during which a suspicious 2-cm achromic lesion on her vulva was observed. Initially, it was suspected to be a pyogenic granuloma, in relation to the patient's age. A biopsy was taken, and a histopathological diagnosis of amelanotic mucosal melanoma was made. Pyogenic granuloma is a reactive hyperproliferation vascular response to trauma or other stimuli. It predominantly occurs in the second decade of life in young females, in relation to the vascular effects of female hormones...
June 2015: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25976557/manual-perineal-support-at-the-time-of-childbirth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
S Bulchandani, E Watts, A Sucharitha, D Yates, K M Ismail
BACKGROUND: Genital tract trauma is common with vaginal births and is associated with significant morbidity, particularly with obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS). Debate continues regarding the effectiveness of perineal support during childbirth in reducing the risk of trauma. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to assess the effect of routine 'hands on'/manual perineal support (MPS) during childbirth, versus ad hoc/no perineal support ('hands off/poised'), on the risk and degree of perineal trauma...
August 2015: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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