keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

TBI brain injury stroke

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748174/pituitary-dysfunction-and-association-with-fatigue-in-stroke-and-other-acute-brain-injury
#1
Heleen A Booij, Wietse D C Gaykema, Kamiel A J Kuijpers, Marie-José M Pouwels, Heleen M den Hertog
BACKGROUND: Poststroke fatigue (PSF) is a highly prevalent and debilitating condition. However, the etiology remains incompletely understood. Literature suggests the co-prevalence of pituitary dysfunction (PD) with stroke, and the question raises whether this could be a contributing factor to the development of PSF. This study reviews the prevalence of PD after stroke and other acquired brain injuries and its association with fatigue. SUMMARY: We performed a bibliographic literature search of MEDLINE and Embase databases for English language studies on PD in adult patients with stroke, traumatic brain injury (TBI) or aneurysmatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH)...
May 10, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708005/microrna-based-therapeutics-in-central-nervous-system-injuries
#2
Ping Sun, Da Zhi Liu, Glen C Jickling, Frank R Sharp, Ke-Jie Yin
Central nervous system (CNS) injuries, such as stroke, traumatic brain injury (TBI) and spinal cord injury (SCI), are important causes of death and long-term disability worldwide. MicroRNA (miRNA), small non-coding RNA molecules that negatively regulate gene expression, can serve as diagnostic biomarkers and are emerging as novel therapeutic targets for CNS injuries. MiRNA-based therapeutics include miRNA mimics and inhibitors (antagomiRs) to respectively decrease and increase the expression of target genes...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707422/modafinil-for-the-improvement-of-patient-outcomes-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
REVIEW
Amne Borghol, Michael Aucoin, Ifeanyichukwu Onor, Dana Jamero, Fadi Hawawini
Objective : The authors sought to assess the literature evidence on the efficacy of modafinil use in patients with fatigue or excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) secondary to traumatic brain injury (TBI). Method of Research : A literature search of Medline and PubMed was performed using the EBSCOhost database. Primary literature, observational studies, meta-analyses, case reports, and systematic reviews were assessed for content regarding modafinil and psychostimulant use in patients with TBI. Of the 23 articles collected, three randomized, controlled studies, three observational studies, one case report, and two systematic reviews gave a description of modafinil use in TBI patients...
April 1, 2018: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683870/isosteviol-sodium-injection-improves-outcomes-by-modulating-tlrs-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-dependent-inflammatory-responses-following-experimental-traumatic-brain-injury-in-rats
#4
Jie Zan, Hao Zhang, Min-Yi Lu, Hui-Min Beng, Kai-Lun Zhong, Xiao-Ou Sun, Wen Tan
Previous studies have shown that isosteviol sodium (STVNa) protects against permanent cerebral ischemia injury by inhibition of the nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB)-mediated inflammatory responses. Overwhelming evidence shows that toll-like receptors (TLRs) are the upstream regulators of NF-κB. On the basis of the similarity of the pathology caused by traumatic brain injury (TBI) and stroke, we speculated that STVNa may have a therapeutic effect against TBI through regulation of the TLRs/NF-κB signaling-mediated inflammatory response...
April 20, 2018: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663285/exosomes-in-acquired-neurological-disorders-new-insights-into-pathophysiology-and-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Nicole Osier, Vida Motamedi, Katie Edwards, Ava Puccio, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Kimbra Kenney, Jessica Gill
Exosomes are endogenous nanovesicles that play critical roles in intercellular signaling by conveying functional genetic information and proteins between cells. Exosomes readily cross the blood-brain barrier and have promise as therapeutic delivery vehicles that have the potential to specifically deliver molecules to the central nervous system (CNS). This unique feature also makes exosomes attractive as biomarkers in diagnostics, prognostics, and therapeutics in the context of multiple significant public health conditions, including acquired neurological disorders...
April 16, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648983/enhancement-of-brain-d-serine-mediates-recovery-of-cognitive-function-after-tbi
#6
Sigal Liraz-Zaltsman, Barbara Slusher, Dana Atrakchi-Baranes, Kinneret Rosenblatt, Yael Friedman Levi, Efrat Leah Kesner, Alcino J Silva, Anat Biegon, Esther Shohami
Cognitive deficits, especially memory loss, are common and devastating neuropsychiatric sequelae of traumatic brain injury (TBI). The deficits may persist for a long time and may be accompanied by increased risk of developing early onset dementia. Past attempts to reverse the neuropsychological effects of brain injury with glutamate-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists failed to show any benefits or worsened the outcome, suggesting activation, rather than blockage, of the NMDA receptor (NMDAR) may be useful in the sub-acute period after TBI and stroke...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625094/conceptual-underpinnings-of-the-quality-of-life-in-neurological-disorders-neuro-qol-comparisons-of-core-sets-for-stroke-multiple-sclerosis-spinal-cord-injury-and-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Alex W K Wong, Stephen C L Lau, Mandy W M Fong, David Cella, Jin-Shei Lai, Allen W Heinemann
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which the content of the Quality of Life in Neurological Disorders (Neuro-QoL) covers the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Sets for multiple sclerosis (MS), stroke, spinal cord injury (SCI), and traumatic brain injury (TBI) using summary linkage indicators. DESIGN: Content analysis by linking content of the Neuro-QoL to corresponding ICF codes of each Core Set for MS, stroke, SCI, and TBI...
April 3, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614682/non-genetic-risk-factors-for-degenerative-and-vascular-young-onset-dementia-results-from-the-inspired-and-kgow-studies
#8
Monica Cations, Brian Draper, Lee-Fay Low, Kylie Radford, Julian Trollor, Henry Brodaty, Perminder Sachdev, Peter Gonski, Gerald Anthony Broe, Adrienne Withall
BACKGROUND: Several brain reserve, vascular risk, and other modifiable factors have been associated with late-onset dementia, but their association with young onset dementia (YOD) has not been adequately explored. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of cognitive reserve enhancing factors, cardiovascular risk factors (including smoking), depression, alcohol use, and traumatic brain injury (TBI) with non-autosomal dominant degenerative and/or vascular YOD. METHODS: Data for this matched case-control study were taken from two larger studies conducted in NSW, Australia...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607850/the-neuroprotection-effect-of-oxygen-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Z Deng, W Chen, J Jin, J Zhao, H Xu
This study reviews the oxygen therapy (normobaric oxygen [NBO] and hyperbaric oxygen [HBO]) in both stroke and traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients and meta-analyzes the efficacy of two oxygen therapies in different kinds of injuries. In stroke patients, NBO showed significant improvement in reperfusion rate while there is no favorable outcome effect of HBO treatment. In patients with TBI, HBO showed significant improvement of Glasgow outcome scale score and reduction of overall mortality while NBO may play a favorable role in improving brain metabolism...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574629/exercise-rehabilitation-attenuates-cognitive-deficits-in-rats-with-traumatic-brain-injury-by-stimulating-the-cerebral-hsp20-bdnf-trkb-signalling-axis
#10
Willy Chou, Yu-Fan Liu, Cheng-Hsien Lin, Mao-Tsun Lin, Chi-Chun Chen, Wen-Pin Liu, Ching-Ping Chang, Chung-Ching Chio
Physical exercise (PE) is an effective method for improving cognitive function among patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We previously demonstrated that PE with an infrared-sensing running wheel (ISRW) system provides strong neuroprotection in an experimental animal model of stroke. In this study, we used fluid percussion injury in rats to simulate mild TBI. For rats, we used both passive avoidance learning and the Y-maze tests to evaluate cognitive function. We investigated whether PE rehabilitation attenuated cognitive deficits in rats with TBI and determined the contribution of hippocampal and cortical expression of heat shock protein 20 (HSP20) to PE-mediated cognitive recovery...
March 25, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562781/placenta-derived-cells-for-acute-brain-injury
#11
Francesca Pischiutta, Eliana Sammali, Ornella Parolini, Hilary V O Carswell, Elisa R Zanier
Acute brain injury resulting from ischemic/hemorrhagic or traumatic damage is one of the leading causes of mortality and disability worldwide and is a significant burden to society. Neuroprotective options to counteract brain damage are very limited in stroke and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Given the multifaceted nature of acute brain injury and damage progression, several therapeutic targets may need to be addressed simultaneously to interfere with the evolution of the injury and improve the patient's outcome...
January 2018: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537289/large-animal-models-of-stroke-and-traumatic-brain-injury-as-translational-tools
#12
Annabel Jain Sorby-Adams, Robert Vink, Renee Jade Turner
Acute central nervous system injury, encompassing traumatic brain injury (TBI) and stroke, accounts for a significant burden of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Studies in animal models have greatly enhanced our understanding of the complex pathophysiology that underlies TBI and stroke and enabled the pre-clinical screening of over 1000 novel therapeutic agents. Despite this, the translation of novel therapeutics from experimental models to clinical therapies has been extremely poor. One potential explanation for this poor clinical translation is the choice of experimental model, given that the majority of pre-clinical TBI and ischemic stroke studies have been conducted in small animals, such as rodents, which have small lissencephalic brains...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478670/looking-for-novel-brain-derived-peripheral-biomarkers-of-neurological-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Natalia Chmielewska, Janusz Szyndler, Karolina Makowska, Dawid Wojtyna, Piotr Maciejak, Adam Płaźnik
The role of blood brain barrier (BBB) is to preserve a precisely regulated environment for proper neuronal signaling. In many of the central nervous system (CNS) pathologies, the function of BBB is altered. Thus, there is a necessity to evaluate a fast, noninvasive and reliable method for monitoring of BBB condition. It seems that revealing the peripheral diagnostic biomarker whose release pattern (concentration, dynamics) will be correlated with clinical symptoms of neurological disorders offers significant hope...
February 13, 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477412/safety-tolerability-and-effectiveness-of-dextromethorphan-quinidine-for-pseudobulbar-affect-among-study-participants-with-traumatic-brain-injury-results-from-the-prism-ii-open-label-study
#14
Flora M Hammond, William Sauve, Fred Ledon, Charles Davis, Andrea E Formella
BACKGROUND: Dextromethorphan 20 mg / quinidine 10 mg (DM/Q) was approved to treat pseudobulbar affect (PBA) based on phase 3 trials conducted in participants with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or multiple sclerosis. PRISM II evaluated DM/Q effectiveness, safety, and tolerability for PBA following stroke, dementia, or traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVE: To report results from the TBI cohort of PRISM II, including a TBI-specific functional scale. DESIGN: Open-label trial evaluating twice-daily DM/Q over 90 days...
February 23, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471717/differential-response-in-novel-stem-cell-niches-of-the-brain-following-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-and-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Aditi Falnikar, Jarred Stratton, Ruihe Lin, Carrie E Andrews, Ashley Tyburski, Victoria A Trovillion, Chelsea Gottschalk, Biswarup Ghosh, Lorraine Iacovitti, Melanie B Elliott, Angelo C Lepore
Populations of neural stem cells (NSCs) reside in a number of defined niches in the adult CNS where they continually give rise to mature cell types throughout life, including newly-born neurons. In addition to prototypical niches of the subventricular zone and subgranular zone of the hippocampal dentate gyrus, novel stem cell niches that are also neurogenic have recently been identified in multiple midline structures, including circumventricular organs (CVOs) of the brain. These resident NSCs may have the potential for reparative processes in pathologies such as traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) and traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446332/general-medical-mental-health-and-demographic-risk-factors-associated-with-suicide-by-firearm-compared-with-other-means
#16
Jennifer M Boggs, Arne Beck, Sam Hubley, Edward L Peterson, Yong Hu, L Keoki Williams, Deepak Prabhakar, Rebecca C Rossom, Frances L Lynch, Christine Y Lu, Beth E Waitzfelder, Ashli A Owen-Smith, Gregory E Simon, Brian K Ahmedani
OBJECTIVE: Mitigation of suicide risk by reducing access to lethal means, such as firearms and potentially lethal medications, is a highly recommended practice. To better understand groups of patients at risk of suicide in medical settings, the authors compared demographic and clinical risk factors between patients who died by suicide by using firearms or other means with matched patients who did not die by suicide (control group). METHODS: In a case-control study in 2016 from eight health care systems within the Mental Health Research Network, 2,674 suicide cases from 2010-2013 were matched to a control group (N=267,400)...
February 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429778/hydrocephalus-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-national-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-124-444-hospitalized-patients
#17
Kavelin Rumalla, Vijay Letchuman, Kyle A Smith, Paul M Arnold
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a life-threatening sequela of traumatic brain injury (TBI) with poorly defined epidemiology in children. Here, we report the national incidence, risk factors, and outcomes associated with post-traumatic hydrocephalus (PTH). METHODS: The Kids Inpatient Database (2003, 2006, 2009, 2012) was queried using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes to identify all patients (age 0 to 20) with TBI (850...
March 2018: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400569/the-value-of-the-identification-of-predisposing-factors-for-post-traumatic-amnesia-in-management-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
George Fotakopoulos, Demosthenes Makris, Eleni Tsianaka, Polikceni Kotlia, Paulos Karakitsios, Charalabos Gatos, Alkiviadis Tzannis, Kostas Fountas
OBJECT: To identify the risk factors for post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) and to document the incidence of PTA after mild traumatic brain injuries. METHODS: This was a prospective study, affecting mild TBI (mTBI) (Glasgow Coma Scale 14-15) cases attending to the Emergency Department between January 2009 and April 2012 (40 months duration). Patients were divided into two groups (Group A: without PTA, and Group B: with PTA, and they were assessed according to the risk factors...
2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391082/common-data-elements-for-concussion-in-tertiary-care-phase-one-in-ontario
#19
Cindy Hunt, Alicja Michalak, Donna Ouchterlony, Shawn Marshall, Cheryl Masanic, Chantal Vaidyanath, Shree Bhalerao, Michael D Cusimano, Deanna Quon, Lisa K Fischer, Andrew Baker
BACKGROUND: Standardized data collection for traumatic brain injury (TBI) (including concussion) using common data elements (CDEs) has strengthened clinical care and research capacity in the United States and Europe. Currently, Ontario healthcare providers do not collect uniform data on adult patients diagnosed with concussion. OBJECTIVE: The Ontario Concussion Care Strategy (OCCS) is a collaborative network of multidisciplinary healthcare providers, brain injury advocacy groups, patient representatives, and researchers with a shared vision to improve concussion care across the province, starting with the collection of standardized data...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385012/mortality-and-associated-morbidities-following-traumatic-brain-injury-in-older-medicare-statin-users
#20
Bilal Khokhar, Linda Simoni-Wastila, Julia F Slejko, Eleanor Perfetto, Min Zhan, Gordon S Smith
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between posttraumatic brain injury statin use and (1) mortality and (2) the incidence of associated morbidities, including stroke, depression, and Alzheimer's disease and related dementias following injury. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Nested cohort of all Medicare beneficiaries 65 years of age and older who survived a traumatic brain injury (TBI) hospitalization during 2006 through 2010. The final sample comprised 100 515 beneficiaries...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
86873
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"