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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747287/-a-comparative-study-of-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-elder-patients-with-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#1
H Liu, M Gao, D Mei, H X Han, J T Li, J F Bai, C L Zhang, R Feng, J P Wei, Y Tian, T Wang
Objective: To measure the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in elder non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) patients in a cross-sectional study; to compare the differences between Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)-performance status (PS) and CGA. Methods: CGA stratification included the following 3 instrument assessments: activity of daily living (ADL);instrumental activity of daily living (IADL);comorbidity score according to the modified cumulative illness rating score for geriatrics (MCIRS-G). According to CGA and age, NHL patients, aged ≥60 years, were classified as"fit","unfit"and"frail"groups...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728734/incidence-predictive-factors-management-and-survival-impact-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#2
Marc Sorigue, Francisco Gual-Capllonch, Olga Garcia, Edurne Sarrate, Mireia Franch-Sarto, Gladys Ibarra, Javier Grau, Elisa Orna, Josep-Maria Ribera, Juan-Manuel Sancho
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and cancer are common disorders in the general population but there are few studies in patients with both diseases. More specifically, there are scarce data on AF in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). We assessed the incidence, predictive factors, management, and survival impact of AF in a cohort of patients with NHL from a single institution between 2002 and 2016 (n = 747). Twenty-three patients were diagnosed with AF before and 40 after the diagnosis of NHL (of the later, 16 were secondary to an extracardiac comorbidity and 24 unrelated to any triggering event [primary AF])...
May 4, 2018: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725453/berberine-hydrochloride-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-promotes-apoptosis-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-via-the-suppression-of-the-mmp2-and-bcl-2-bax-signaling-pathways
#3
Jie Li, Fang Liu, Shulong Jiang, Jie Liu, Xiuhong Chen, Shangnuan Zhang, Haibo Zhao
Berberine, also known as berberine hydrochloride and isoquinoline alkaloid, is a major alkaloid from Coptis chinensis . Berberine's extensive biological properties have previously been studied, and it has been used clinically for the treatment of diarrhea, hypertension, diabetes and other diseases. The present study aimed to determine the possible anticancer effects of berberine hydrochloride treatment on human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell proliferation and apoptosis via the matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) and the B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)/Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) signaling pathway...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662638/an-open-label-single-armed-exploratory-study-of-apatinib-a-novel-vegfr-2-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-in-patients-with-relapsed-or-refractory-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#4
Ling Li, Sa Xiao, Lei Zhang, Xin Li, Xiaorui Fu, Xinhua Wang, Jingjing Wu, Zhenchang Sun, Xudong Zhang, Yu Chang, Feifei Nan, Jiaqin Yan, Zhaoming Li, Mengyuan Shi, Ken H Young, Mingzhi Zhang
Background: Apatinib, a novel small molecule vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, have shown remarkable efficacy in many solid cancers. But evidence of antitumor activity in patients with lymphoma is still limited. We conducted an open-label, single-armed, exploratory study in relapse or refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients for the efficacy and safety of apatinib. Experimental design: Patients with relapse or refractory non-Hodgkin patients meet the criteria were eligible for enrollment...
March 23, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559881/atypical-presentation-of-extramedullary-plasmacytoma
#5
Eric Wallace, Zachary Stewart, David Theriot, William Shaffer, Shane Guillory, Michael Hanemann, Raman Danrad, Bradley Spieler
Background: Plasmacytomas are monoclonal proliferations of plasma cells that typically affect the intramedullary axial skeleton. Imaging findings of an extramedullary plasmacytoma on radiograph and computed tomography can be nonspecific and can resemble other entities such as lymphoma, metastases, chondrosarcomas, or giant cell tumors. Case Report: A 60-year-old female with a medical history of partial complex seizures, hypertension, diabetes, glaucoma, and hyperlipidemia presented with complaints of superficial abdominal pain associated with erythema and swelling for 3 weeks...
2018: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543815/chronic-hepatitis-b-infection-and-non-hepatocellular-cancers-a-hospital-registry-based-case-control-study
#6
Jihyun An, Jong Woo Kim, Ju Hyun Shim, Seungbong Han, Chang Sik Yu, Jaewon Choe, Danbi Lee, Kang Mo Kim, Young-Suk Lim, Young-Hwa Chung, Yung Sang Lee, Dong Jin Suh, Jin Hyoung Kim, Han Chu Lee
BACKGROUND: Prior epidemiological evidences suggest that hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is linked to cancers other than hepatocellular carcinoma. This prospective hospital registry-based case-control study aimed to investigate the sero-epidemiological association between chronic HBV infection and various types of cancer. METHODS: 95,034 patients with first-diagnosed non-hepatocellular malignancy in a tertiary hospital between 2007 and 2014; and 118,891 non-cancer individuals as controls from a health promotion center were included...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524963/coexistence-of-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-and-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-with-antecedent-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Khadega A Abuelgasim, Hinna Rehan, Maha Alsubaie, Nasser Al Atwi, Mohammed Al Balwi, Saeed Alshieban, Areej Almughairi
BACKGROUND: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia and chronic myeloid leukemia are the most common types of adult leukemia. However, it is rare for the same patient to suffer from both. Richter's transformation to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is frequently observed in chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Purine analog therapy and the presence of trisomy 12, and CCND1 gene rearrangement have been linked to increased risk of Richter's transformation. The coexistence of chronic myeloid leukemia and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the same patient is extremely rare, with only nine reported cases...
March 11, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521213/advances-in-spirocyclic-hybrids-chemistry-and-medicinal-actions
#8
Mohammed Benabdallah, Oualid Talhi, Fatiha Nouali, Nourredine Choukchou-Braham, Khaldoun Bachari, Artur M S Silva
The present review deals with the progress in medicinal chemistry of spirocyclic compounds, a wider class of natural and synthetic organic molecules, defined as a hybrid of two molecular entities covalently linked via a unique tetrahedral carbon. This spiro central carbon confers to the molecules a tridimensional structurally oriented framework, which is found in many medicinally relevant compounds, a well-known example is the anti-hypertensive spironolactone. Various bioactive natural products possess the privileged spiro linkage and different chemo-types thereof become synthetically accessible since the 20th century...
March 9, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510639/-non-hodgkin%C3%A2-s-b-lymphoma-of-the-ovaries-with-an-unfavourable-prognosis-incidental-finding-during-caesarean-section
#9
M Kopáčková, P Beránek, I Bydžovská, R Pytlík, J Soukup, M Mrhalová
OBJECTIVE: Presentation of a rare finding non-Hodgkin´s B-lymphoma of the ovary in a patient during caesarean section. DESIGN: Case report. SETTINGS: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Regional Hospital Liberec, a.s.; First Internal Clinic - Clinic of Hematology, First Faculty of Medicine and General University Hospital, Charles University in Prague; Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Second Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Praque and Motol University Hospital...
December 0: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488615/high-sucrose-fat-diet-and-isosorbide-mononitrate-increase-insulin-resistance-nitric-oxide-production-and-myocardial-apoptosis-in-a-hypertensive-rat-model
#10
Ting Li, Bing Bai, Chenguang Tian, Huihui Wang, Deyue Jiang, Fangfei Ma, Mengting Shan
The present study aimed to investigate the association between insulin resistance (IR), nitric oxide (NO) production and myocardial apoptosis in a background of coexisting hypertension in a rodent animal model. A hypertensive rat model was established by feeding Wistar and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with a high sucrose/fat (HSF) diet for 12 weeks, in conjunction with isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN). Increased IR, NO content, apoptotic gene and protein expression, and morphological alterations within rat myocardium were evaluated...
May 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480866/prevalence-and-mortality-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-lymphoma-patients-a-large-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Masamitsu Ubukata, Masaki Hara, Yuki Nishizawa, Teruhiro Fujii, Kosaku Nitta, Akihito Ohta
In patients with lymphoma, an important issue that has been recognized is renal involvement, including glomerulonephritis, acute kidney injury, and lymphoma infiltrating the kidney. However, the prevalence and mortality of chronic kidney disease (CKD) have not been fully understood in lymphoma patients. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of CKD and its impact on mortality in those patients.This was a retrospective cohort study of 429 consecutive lymphoma patients who were admitted or regularly visited our hospital from January 2013 to October 2016...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399101/vaccarin-alleviates-hypertension-and-nephropathy-in-renovascular-hypertensive-rats
#12
Weiwei Cai, Zhenpeng Zhang, Yiqi Huang, Haijian Sun, Liying Qiu
The kidney is an important organ in the regulation of blood pressure, and it is also one of the primary target organs of hypertension. Kidney damage in response to hypertension eventually leads to renal insufficiency. The authors previously demonstrated that vaccarin exhibits a protective role in endothelial injury. However, the effects of vaccarin on the two-kidney, one clip (2K1C) renovascular hypertension model and subsequent kidney injury have yet to be fully elucidated. The present study was designed to investigate the roles and mechanisms of vaccarin in attenuating hypertension and whether vaccarin had beneficial effects on kidney injury...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394727/-a-case-report-of-inguinal-malignant-lymphoma-after-surgery-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#13
Yuki Ohzato, Masahiro Murakami, Junzo Shimizu, Chikato Koga, Daiki Marukawa, Yuta Yoshida, Akinobu Yasuyama, Tae Matsumura, Akihiro Takada, Chizu Kameda, Ryohei Kawabata, Masaki Hirota, Shingo Noura, Hideaki Miwa, Junichi Hasegawa
An 81-year-old woman was followed up for hepatitis C from 1994. Sheh ad a previous history of hypertension and appendicitis. In October 2014, the patient underwent subsegmentectomy(S8)and cholecystectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)(T2N0M0, Stage II ). From December 2015, the patient had taken ledipasvir-sofosbuvir orally for hepatitis C virus (HCV). In January 2016, we confirmed HCV-RNA shade transformation. In September 2016, enhanced CT showed a mass in theright lower quadrant of her abdomen. Shehad a hard 3 cm mass in thesameplaceon physical exam...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356747/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-on-18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-burkitt-s-lymphoma
#14
Ehab Saad Aldin, Parren McNeely, Yusuf Menda
We present a case of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) in a pediatric patient with Burkitt's lymphoma predominantly involving the bone marrow. F-FDG PET/CT scan obtained after the first cycle of chemotherapy, complicated by acute kidney injury, hypertension, tumor lysis syndrome, and lethargy with focal neurological symptoms, showed a favorable marrow and lymph node response but increased FDG uptake in the bilateral frontal and occipital cortical/subcortical regions. Brain MRI was consistent with PRES...
March 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286090/therapeutic-inhibition-of-galectin%C3%A2-3-improves-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-and-survival-during-heart-failure
#15
Xia Li, Xuan Tang, Jinping Lu, Sheng Yuan
Galectin-3 is an important mediator of cardiac fibrosis and heart failure. Cell viability of cardiomyocytes was measured using a CCK‑8 assay; flow cytometry was employed for the detection of the cell cycle and cardiomyocytes apoptosis. Reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting was performed to examine the expression of associated genes and proteins. The present study demonstrated that overexpression of galectin‑3 significantly decreased the viability of cardiomyocytes in a time‑dependent manner, with simultaneous arrest of the cell cycle and induction of apoptosis...
March 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274027/chemotherapy-and-echocardiographic-indices-in-patients-with-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-the-onco-echo-study
#16
Katarzyna Mizia-Stec, Marek Elżbieciak, Maciej T Wybraniec, Monika Różewicz, Artur Bodys, Wojciech Braksator, Zbigniew Gąsior, Piotr Gościniak, Tomasz Hryniewiecki, Jarosław Kasprzak, Andrzej Wojtarowicz, Barbara Zdziarska, Edyta Płońska-Gościniak
The cardiotoxicity of chemotherapy (CTx) for non-Hodgkin's lymphomas is not well recognized. In order to facilitate individual risk counseling for patients, we analyzed the effect of CTx on echocardiographic indices in regard to clinical data in patients treated for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). A prospective multicenter ONCO-ECHO trial included 67 patients with NHL (45 patients with DLBCL (diffuse large B cell lymphoma) and 22 with non-DLBCL). Patients received standard CTx, primarily R-CHOP, CHOP, R-COP and COP regimens...
December 22, 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262289/excess-clinical-comorbidity-among-hiv-infected-patients-accessing-primary-care-in-us-community-health-centers
#17
Kenneth H Mayer, Stephanie Loo, Phillip M Crawford, Heidi M Crane, Michael Leo, Paul DenOuden, Magda Houlberg, Mark Schmidt, Thu Quach, Sebastian Ruhs, Meredith Vandermeer, Chris Grasso, Mary Ann McBurnie
OBJECTIVES: As the life expectancy of people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has increased, the spectrum of illness has evolved. We evaluated whether people living with HIV accessing primary care in US community health centers had higher morbidity compared with HIV-uninfected patients receiving care at the same sites. METHODS: We compared data from electronic health records for 12 837 HIV-infected and 227 012 HIV-uninfected patients to evaluate the relative prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, dyslipidemia, and malignancies by HIV serostatus...
January 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179250/pi3k-inhibitors-understanding-toxicity-mechanisms-and-management
#18
REVIEW
I Brian Greenwell, Andrew Ip, Jonathon B Cohen
The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway has attracted immense interest as a therapeutic target for cancer treatment. Idelalisib was the first PI3K inhibitor approved by the US Food and Drug Administration and is utilized in the treatment of relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. Copanlisib has subsequently been approved for relapsed follicular lymphoma in patients who have received at least two prior systemic therapies. There are multiple other PI3K agents currently in development; these target various combinations of PI3K isoforms...
November 15, 2017: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146879/2-cl-mgv-1-ameliorates-apoptosis-in-the-thalamus-and-hippocampus-and-cognitive-deficits-after-cortical-infarct-in-rats
#19
Yicong Chen, Leo Veenman, Sukhdev Singh, Fubing Ouyang, Jiahui Liang, Weixian Huang, Ilan Marek, Jinsheng Zeng, Moshe Gavish
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Focal cortical infarction causes neuronal apoptosis in the ipsilateral nonischemic thalamus and hippocampus, which is potentially associated with poststroke cognitive deficits. TSPO (translocator protein) is critical in regulating mitochondrial apoptosis pathways. We examined the effects of the novel TSPO ligand 2-(2-chlorophenyl) quinazolin-4-yl dimethylcarbamate (2-Cl-MGV-1) on poststroke cognitive deficits, neuronal mitochondrial apoptosis, and secondary damage in the ipsilateral thalamus and hippocampus after cortical infarction...
December 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122557/-maternal-deaths-due-to-anesthesia-complications-results-from-the-french-confidential-enquiry-into-maternal-deaths-2010-2012
#20
D Chassard
Over the period 2010-2012, maternal mortality linked to anesthesia accounted for 2% of maternal deaths, with no significant change since 2007-2009. Of the 7 maternal deaths analyzed by the expert committee, anesthetic complications were in 5 cases the main cause of death: 4 attributed to direct causes related to anesthetic procedures during childbirth and 1 to indirect cause in connection with an ENT complication during pregnancy. The anesthetic causes of maternal mortality were for the 2010-2012 period: cardiac arrest under spinal anesthesia during caesarean section, local anesthetic intoxication with unsuccessful resuscitation after cardiac arrest without intralipid administration, acute respiratory distress syndrome in the postpartum period after pulmonary aspiration during caesarean section, cardiac arrest during caesarean section under general anesthesia in a context of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with mediastinal syndrome, unsuccessful endotracheal intubation in a context of cellulitis of the oral cavity floor...
December 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
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