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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420394/influence-maternal-background-has-on-children-s-mental-health
#1
Elena Arroyo-Borrell, Gemma Renart, Carme Saurina, Marc Saez
BACKGROUND: In this paper, we aim to discern how a mother's health and her socioeconomic determinants may influence her children's mental health. In addition to this, we also evaluate the influence of other household characteristics and whether or not the economic downturn has heightened the effect a parent's social gradient has on their children's mental health. METHODS: We use samples comprised of 4-14-year-old minors from the 2006 Spanish National Health Survey (SNHS), undertaken prior to the crisis, and the 2011 SNHS, carried out during the crisis...
April 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420365/social-determinants-of-antibiotic-misuse-a-qualitative-study-of-community-members-in-haryana-india
#2
Anna K Barker, Kelli Brown, Muneeb Ahsan, Sharmila Sengupta, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a global public health crisis. In India alone, multi-drug resistant organisms are responsible for over 58,000 infant deaths each year. A major driver of drug resistance is antibiotic misuse, which is a pervasive phenomenon worldwide. Due to a shortage of trained doctors, access to licensed allopathic doctors is limited in India's villages. Pharmacists and unlicensed medical providers are commonly the primary sources of healthcare. Patients themselves are also key participants in the decision to treat an illness with antibiotics...
April 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412098/supply-and-demand-of-some-critical-metals-and-present-status-of-their-recycling-in-weee
#3
REVIEW
Shengen Zhang, Yunji Ding, Bo Liu, Chein-Chi Chang
New development and technological innovations make electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) more functional by using an increasing number of metals, particularly the critical metals (e.g. rare and precious metals) with specialized properties. As millions of people in emerging economies adopt a modern lifestyle, the demand for critical metals is soaring. However, the increasing demand causes the crisis of their supply because of their simple deficiency in the Earth's crust or geopolitical constraints which might create political issues for their supply...
April 12, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410567/farm-suicides-in-new-zealand-2007-2015-a-review-of-coroners-records
#4
Annette L Beautrais
OBJECTIVE: Economic recessions and severe weather events are often associated with increased suicide rates. The Global Dairy Crisis 2015/2016 led to an economic downturn in the New Zealand dairy farming industry and, coupled with droughts in some regions and floods in others, raised fears about increased suicide rates among farmers. However, little was known about suicides in the farming sector. This study reviews characteristics of recent farm-related suicides in New Zealand and assesses the extent to which financial stresses contributed to the deaths...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409360/voices-from-flint-community-perceptions-of-the-flint-water-crisis
#5
Nia Jeneé Heard-Garris, Jessica Roche, Patrick Carter, Mahshid Abir, Maureen Walton, Marc Zimmerman, Rebecca Cunningham
We describe the self-reported socioeconomic and health impacts, as well as the coping mechanisms employed by a drug-using cohort of adults during the Flint water crisis (FWC) in Flint, Michigan. Participants from an ongoing longitudinal Emergency Department study were contacted between April 2016 and July 2016 and completed a survey focusing on exposure, consequences, and coping strategies. One hundred thirty-three participants (mean age = 26, 65% African-American, 61% public assistance) completed the survey (37...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408097/crisis-in-the-health-sector-impact-on-nurses-working-conditions
#6
Alberto Granero-Lázaro, Josep M Blanch-Ribas, Juan Francisco Roldán-Merino, Jordi Torralbas-Ortega, Ana María Escayola-Maranges
In a context of economic crisis and policies to reduce the public deficit, the budgets of the Catalan Health Institute (CHI) were cut by 15.33% between 2010 and 2014. OBJECTIVE: To assess the perceived impact on nurses' work conditions of measures to contain health spending. METHOD: The study design was descriptive and transversal. A sample of 1,760 nurses from the province of Barcelona answered a questionnaire on the perceived impact of health spending containment measures implemented in their workplace during the early years of the crisis...
April 10, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403898/health-risks-associated-with-the-pharmaceuticals-in-wastewater
#7
EDITORIAL
Nasser Nassiri Koopaei, Mohammad Abdollahi
The overwhelming population growth in recent decades and water crisis along with limited and uneven geographical distribution of fresh water resources is a growing challenge for the economic and human development. Wastewater reclamation and use could be an alternative for intact water sources and a promising solution to water scarcity and unequal distribution. However, wastewater is a double-edged resource both as an accessible water source for food production and human usage and concurrently may carry uncharacterized content with unknown toxicological profile causing acute or long-term health risks...
April 12, 2017: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400605/an-evaluation-of-the-ecological-and-environmental-security-on-china-s-terrestrial-ecosystems
#8
Hongqi Zhang, Erqi Xu
With rapid economic growth, industrialization, and urbanization, various ecological and environmental problems occur, which threaten and undermine the sustainable development and domestic survival of China. On the national scale, our progress remains in a state of qualitative or semi-quantitative evaluation, lacking a quantitative evaluation and a spatial visualization of ecological and environmental security. This study collected 14 indictors of water, land, air, and biodiversity securities to compile a spatial evaluation of ecological and environmental security in terrestrial ecosystems of China...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399328/high-throughput-label-free-single-cell-microalgal-lipid-screening-by-machine-learning-equipped-optofluidic-time-stretch-quantitative-phase-microscopy
#9
Baoshan Guo, Cheng Lei, Hirofumi Kobayashi, Takuro Ito, Yaxiaer Yalikun, Yiyue Jiang, Yo Tanaka, Yasuyuki Ozeki, Keisuke Goda
The development of reliable, sustainable, and economical sources of alternative fuels to petroleum is required to tackle the global energy crisis. One such alternative is microalgal biofuel, which is expected to play a key role in reducing the detrimental effects of global warming as microalgae absorb atmospheric CO2 via photosynthesis. Unfortunately, conventional analytical methods only provide population-averaged lipid amounts and fail to characterize a diverse population of microalgal cells with single-cell resolution in a non-invasive and interference-free manner...
April 11, 2017: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397647/can-science-feed-on-a-crisis-expectations-the-pine-institute-and-the-decline-of-the-french-resin-industry
#10
Marcin Krasnodębski
Argument While science and economy are undoubtedly interwoven, the nature of their relationship is often reduced to a positive correlation between economic and scientific prosperity. It seems that the modern scholarship focusing on "success stories" tends to neglect counterintuitive examples such as the impact of economic crises on research. We argue that economic difficulties, under certain circumstances, may also lead to the prosperous development of scientific institutions. This paper focuses on a particular organism, the Pine Institute in Bordeaux in France...
March 2017: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396053/socioeconomic-status-and-cardiac-disease-in-europe-a-modern-day-problem-in-the-era-of-economic-crisis
#11
EDITORIAL
Dimitris Tousoulis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393903/medium-term-impact-of-the-economic-crisis-on-mortality-health-related-behaviours-and-access-to-healthcare-in-greece
#12
Filippos T Filippidis, Vasiliki Gerovasili, Christopher Millett, Yannis Tountas
Previous studies on the health consequences of the crisis in Greece investigated short-term impacts on selected outcomes. This study examined the impact of the crisis on a key set of health indicators with longer follow up than previous studies. We conducted interrupted time series (ITS) analysis to compare trends in standardised mortality by cause before and during the crisis. We examined changes in fruit and vegetable consumption, smoking, physical activity, obesity, out-of-pocket payments and unmet needs for healthcare using national household data from the "Hellas Health" surveys...
April 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393385/the-impact-of-economic-crisis-on-the-greek-hospitals-productivity
#13
Panagiotis Mitropoulos, Ioannis Mitropoulos, Haralampos Karanikas, Nikolaos Polyzos
During the recent economic crisis, Greece implemented a comprehensive reform in the health care system. The 2010 health reform occurred under the constraints imposed by the memorandum of understanding that the Greek Government signed with its EU/International Monetary Fund creditors to control its deficit. The objective of the study is to examine the impact of the reform on the efficiency and productivity of public hospitals in Greece. We use the Malmquist productivity index to comparatively examine the potential changes before and after the reform years...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386891/energy-water-food-nexus-under-financial-constraint-environment-good-the-bad-and-the-ugly-sustainability-reforms-in-sub-saharan-african-countries
#14
Khalid Zaman, Sadaf Shamsuddin, Mehboob Ahmad
Environmental sustainability agenda are generally compromised by energy, water, and food production resources, while in the recent waves of global financial crisis, it mediates to increase the intensity of air pollutants, which largely affected the less developing countries due to their ease of environmental regulation policies and lack of optimal utilization of economic resources. Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries are no exception that majorly hit by the recent global financial crisis, which affected the country's natural environment through the channel of unsustainable energy-water-food production...
April 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383609/nursing-students-clinical-competencies-a-survey-on-clinical-education-objectives
#15
C Arrigoni, A M Grugnetti, R Caruso, M L Gallotti, P Borrelli, M Puci
BACKGROUND: Developing clearly defined competencies and identifying strategies for their measurement remain unfortunately a critical aspect of nursing training. In the current international context, which continues to be characterised by deep economic crisis, universities have a fundamental role to play in redefining the educational goals to respond to the expectations of certain geographical areas of interest, as underscored in the Bologna Process (Joint Declaration of the European Ministers of Education Convened in Bologna 19 June 1999)...
May 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376098/self-reported-unemployment-status-and-recession-an-analysis-on-the-italian-population-with-and-without-mental-health-problems
#16
Fabrizio Starace, Francesco Mungai, Elena Sarti, Tindara Addabbo
PURPOSE: During economic recession people with mental health problems have higher risk of losing their job. This paper analyses the issue by considering the Italian rates of unemployment amongst individuals with and without mental health problems in 2005 and 2013, that is prior and during the economic crisis. METHODS: We used data from the National surveys on "Health conditions and use of health services" carried out by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT) for the years 2005 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361805/hospital-efficiency-how-to-spend-less-maintaining-quality
#17
Paolo Campanella, Elena Azzolini, Alessio Izzi, Ferruccio Pelone, Concetta De Meo, Daniele La Milia, Maria Lucia Specchia, Walter Ricciardi
INTRODUCTION: The recent global economic crisis is pushing governments worldwide to obtain a more explicit and urgent rationing of resources. The purpose of this study is to provide, through Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), a methodological framework useful for investigating technical efficiency of hospital care. METHODS: To validate such framework, we compared 50 Italian public hospital trusts (AOs) to identify relative efficient using inputs and outputs from national databases...
January 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361064/the-effect-of-financial-crisis-on-the-profile-of-the-patients-examined-at-the-surgical-emergencies-of-an-academic-institution-in-greece
#18
Michael Kontos, Demetrios Moris, Spyridon Davakis, Dimitrios Schizas, Emmanouil Pikoulis, Theodoros Liakakos
BACKGROUND: Greece is suffering an economic recession of enormous magnitude, but whether its health has deteriorated as a result, has not yet been well established. We aim to present and analyze differences in demographics and clinical distribution of patients examined at the emergency room (ER) in the era of financial crisis. METHODS: A retrospective data analysis of all patients that were examined to surgical ER, between January 1(st) 2008 and December 31(st) 2014, was conducted...
March 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359596/-primary-care-in-ireland
#19
T Sánchez-Sagrado
Spanish doctors are still leaving the country to look for quality work. Ireland is not a country with many Spanish professionals but it is interesting to know its particular Health care system. Ireland is one of the countries with a national health care system, although it has a mixture of private health care insurance schemes. People have a right to health care if they have been living in Ireland at least for a year. Access to the primary care health system depends on age and income: free of charge for Category 1 and co-payments for the rest...
March 27, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359581/health-inequities-in-the-age-of-austerity-the-need-for-social-protection-policies
#20
Arne Ruckert, Ronald Labonté
This commentary assesses the impacts of the global austerity drive on health inequities in the aftermath of the global financial crisis of 2008. In doing so, it first locates the origins of austerity within the 40 year history of neoliberal economic orthodoxy. It then describes the global diffusion of austerity since 2008, and its key policy tenets. It next describes the already visible impacts of austerity-driven welfare reform on trends in health equity, and documents how austerity has exacerbated health inequities in countries with weak social protection policies...
March 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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