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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918999/effect-of-silver-nanoparticles-on-the-metabolic-rate-hematological-response-and-survival-of-juvenile-white-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamei
#1
Karla Juarez-Moreno, Claudio Humberto Mejía-Ruiz, Fernando Díaz, Horacio Reyna-Verdugo, Ana Denisse Re, Edgar F Vazquez-Felix, Edna Sánchez-Castrejón, Josué D Mota-Morales, Alexey Pestryakov, Nina Bogdanchikova
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is highly lethal and contagious in shrimps; its outbreaks causes an economic crisis for aquaculture. Several attempts have been made to treat this disease; however, to date, there is no effective cure. Because of their antimicrobial activities, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are the most studied nanomaterial. Although the antiviral properties of AgNPs have been studied, their antiviral effect against viral infection in aquaculture has not been reported. The AgNPs tested herein are coated with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and possess multiple international certifications for their use in veterinary and human applications...
December 2, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890362/epidemiology-of-polio-virus-infection-in-pakistan-and-possible-risk-factors-for-its-transmission
#2
REVIEW
Mahvish Kabir, Muhammad Sohail Afzal
End Polio Pakistan program still has to overcome many hurdles; unfortunately on 8th February 2016 first polio case of the year has surfaced in Karachi. It seems that battle against polio demands little bit more conviction and motivation. WHO has set a goal of polio eradication in Pakistan till 2018, in order to evaluate the success of this target; polio eradication campaign in Pakistan has been analyzed in different perspectives. Our analysis indicated that major obstacles in eradication are low literacy rate, poor health infrastructure, lack of planning, natural disaster, economic crisis, counter insurgencies and almost no protection for polio health workers...
November 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874992/on-the-road-to-health-equity-incorporating-culture-into-research
#3
EDITORIAL
Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, June Carrington
The increased mobility of people between and within countries throughout history has contributed to the diversification of populations worldwide. Despite the recent worldwide economic crisis, migration to both Northern and Southern regions in the world and from rural to urban areas has reached all-time highs (United Nations 2013). As a result, local communities have become increasingly diverse with individuals within these communities representing a myriad of races, ethnic groups, countries of origin, languages, religions, socioeconomic strata, histories, and lived experiences...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871822/geroscience-addressing-the-mismatch-between-its-exciting-research-opportunities-its-economic-imperative-and-its-current-funding-crisis
#4
REVIEW
George M Martin
There is at present a huge disconnect between levels of funding for basic research on fundamental mechanisms of biological aging and, given demographic projections, the anticipated enormous social and economic impacts of a litany of chronic diseases for which aging is by far the major risk factor: One valuable approach, recently instigated by Felipe Sierra & colleagues at the US National Institute on Aging, is the development of a Geroscience Interest Group among virtually all of the NIH institutes. A complementary approach would be to seek major escalations of private funding...
November 18, 2016: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870306/health-disparities-by-income-in-spain-before-and-after-the-economic-crisis
#5
Max Coveney, Pilar García-Gómez, Eddy Van Doorslaer, Tom Van Ourti
Little is known about how health disparities by income change during times of economic crisis. We apply a decomposition method to unravel the contributions of income growth, income inequality and differential income mobility across socio-demographic groups to changes in health disparities by income in Spain using longitudinal data from the Survey of Income and Living Conditions for the period 2004-2012. We find a modest rise in health inequality by income in Spain in the 5 years of economic growth prior to the start of the crisis in 2008, but a sharp fall after 2008...
November 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870304/consequences-of-the-economic-crisis-on-health-and-health-care-systems
#6
Pilar García-Gómez, Sergi Jiménez-Martín, José María Labeaga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870302/the-effect-on-mental-health-of-retiring-during-the-economic-crisis
#7
Michele Belloni, Elena Meschi, Giacomo Pasini
This paper investigates the causal impact of retirement on late-life mental health, a growing concern for public health, because major depressive disorders are the second leading cause of disability. We shed light on the role of economic conditions in shaping the effect of retirement on mental health by exploiting time and regional variation in the severity of the economic crisis across 10 European countries during 2004-2013. We use data from four waves of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe and address the potential endogeneity of the retirement decision to mental health by applying a fixed-effects instrumental variables approach...
November 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870300/the-lasting-health-impact-of-leaving-school-in-a-bad-economy-britons-in-the-1970s-recession
#8
Clementine Garrouste, Mathilde Godard
This paper investigates whether leaving school in a bad economy deteriorates health in the long run. It focuses on low-educated individuals in England and Wales who entered the labour market immediately after the 1973 oil crisis. Our identification strategy relies on the comparison of individuals who left school at the compulsory age, were born in the same year and had a similar quantity of education - but whose school-leaving behaviour in different years (hence, different economic conditions) was exogenously implied by compulsory schooling laws...
November 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870299/careful-in-the-crisis-determinants-of-older-people-s-informal-care-receipt-in-crisis-struck-european-countries
#9
Joan Costa-Font, Martin Karlsson, Henning Øien
Macroeconomic downturns can have an important impact on the receipt of informal and formal long-term care, because recessions increase the number of unemployed and affect net wealth. This paper investigates how the market for informal care changed during and after the Great Recession in Europe, with particular focus on the determinants of care receipt. We use data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, which includes a rich set of variables covering waves before and after the Great Recession...
November 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870297/household-financial-distress-and-initial-endowments-evidence-from-the-2008-financial-crisis
#10
Arna Olafsson
This paper studies in utero exposure to the 2008 financial crisis. Exploiting the sudden and unexpected collapse of the Icelandic economy, I find that first-trimester exposure to the crisis led to a sizable and significant reduction in birth weight, increased the probability of a low birth weight ( < 2500 g), and decreased the probability of a high birth weight ( > 4000 g). I also find evidence that the collapse reduced the sex ratio, indicating selection in utero due to maternal prenatal stress exposure...
November 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867240/internal-and-international-migration-across-the-urban-hierarchy-in-albania
#11
Mathias Lerch
The interactions between the processes of urbanization and international migration in less developed and transition countries have important repercussions for socioeconomic development, but are not well understood. Based on the retrospective data from the Albanian Living Standards Measurement Survey 2008, we first assess the geography of migration in terms of the rural-urban continuum, the urban hierarchy and the outside world since 1990. We then investigate the spatio-temporal diffusion of rural-to-urban and international movements using survival models...
2016: Population Research and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861858/home-health-nursing-care-services-in-greece-during-an-economic-crisis
#12
T Adamakidou, A Kalokerinou-Anagnostopoulou
AIM: The purpose of this review was to describe public home healthcare nursing services in Greece. BACKGROUND: The effectiveness and the efficiency of home healthcare nursing are well documented in the international literature. In Greece, during the current financial crisis, the development of home healthcare nursing services is the focus and interest of policymakers and academics because of its contribution to the viability of the healthcare system. SOURCES OF EVIDENCE: A review was conducted of the existing legislation, the printed and electronic bibliography related to the legal framework, the structures that provide home health care, the funding of the services, the human resources and the services provided...
November 15, 2016: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857650/high-voltage-electrical-burns-due-to-copper-theft-case-series
#13
M J Braga, I Oliveira, P Egipto, A Silva
Electrical burns are among the most devastating trauma inflicted on the human body. These burns have a higher morbidity, length of stay and a much higher risk of amputation than any other type of burn. Electrical burns affect mostly young, working males because they are more frequently the result of a work accident. However, possibly due to the worldwide economic crisis, we are experiencing a new phenomenon: the theft of high-voltage copper wiring.
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856941/the-quest-to-extend-health-services-to-vulnerable-substance-users-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-in-the-context-of-an-unfolding-economic-crisis
#14
Noa Krawczyk, Deanna Kerrigan, Francisco Inácio Bastos
Calls to address crack-cocaine use in Brazil among homeless and street-frequenting populations who are in urgent need of health services have questioned the capacity of the Brazilian Unified Health System to attend to the nation's most marginalized citizens. In recent years, Brazil has launched several actions to escalate care for substance users, yet many obstacles hindering accessibility and effectiveness of services remain. Paradoxically, these actions have been implemented in the context of a growing economic crisis, and expanding services for a population of poor and stigmatized substance users while cutting other government programs tends to elicit harsh criticism from citizens...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853564/bushmeat-hunting-and-extinction-risk-to-the-world-s-mammals
#15
William J Ripple, Katharine Abernethy, Matthew G Betts, Guillaume Chapron, Rodolfo Dirzo, Mauro Galetti, Taal Levi, Peter A Lindsey, David W Macdonald, Brian Machovina, Thomas M Newsome, Carlos A Peres, Arian D Wallach, Christopher Wolf, Hillary Young
Terrestrial mammals are experiencing a massive collapse in their population sizes and geographical ranges around the world, but many of the drivers, patterns and consequences of this decline remain poorly understood. Here we provide an analysis showing that bushmeat hunting for mostly food and medicinal products is driving a global crisis whereby 301 terrestrial mammal species are threatened with extinction. Nearly all of these threatened species occur in developing countries where major coexisting threats include deforestation, agricultural expansion, human encroachment and competition with livestock...
October 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852309/changes-in-health-care-inequity-in-brazil-between-2008-and-2013
#16
Pricila Mullachery, Diana Silver, James Macinko
BACKGROUND: Brazil has made progress towards a more equitable distribution of health care, but gains may be threatened by economic instability resulting from the 2008 global financial crisis. This study measured predictors of health care utilization and changes in horizontal inequity between 2008 and 2013. METHOD: Data were from two nationally representative surveys that measured a variety of sociodemographic, health behaviors and health care indicators. We used Poisson regression models to estimate adjusted prevalence ratios and the Horizontal Equity Index (HEI) standardized by health needs to measure inequity in the utilization of doctor and dentist visits, hospitalizations and reporting of a usual source of care (USC) for those 18 and older...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847824/climate-change-is-increasing-the-risk-of-the-reemergence-of-malaria-in-romania
#17
Larisa Ivanescu, Ilie Bodale, Simin-Aysel Florescu, Constantin Roman, Dumitru Acatrinei, Liviu Miron
The climatic modifications lead to global warming; favouring the risk of the appearance and development of diseases are considered until now tropical diseases. Another important factor is the workers' immigration, the economic crisis favouring the passive transmission of new species of culicidae from different areas. Malaria is the disease with the widest distribution in the globe. Millions of people are infected every year in Africa, India, South-East Asia, Middle East, and Central and South America, with more than 41% of the global population under the risk of infestation with malaria...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831480/impact-of-the-2008-global-financial-crisis-on-the-health-of-canadians-repeated-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-canadian-community-health-survey-2007-2013
#18
Sabrina Nour, Ronald Labonté, Christina Bancej
BACKGROUND: Despite a clear impact on the Canadian economy, little is known about the subsequent health impacts of the 2008 global financial crisis (GFC) in this country. This study fills this gap in knowledge by conducting a repeated cross-sectional analysis of the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS). METHODS: Data from 7 cycles (2007-2013) of the CCHS were combined to form a large data set representative of the Canadian working-age population (15-64 years) residing in 1 of 10 provinces...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828732/economics-of-ramucirumab-for-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#19
Simon B Zeichner, Christine G Kohn, Daniel A Goldstein
Introduction Despite its FDA approval and incorporation into the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) treatment guidelines, ramucirumab (RAM) is associated with a drug acquisition cost that is substantially higher than other approved options. Given its substantial cost, the presence of a viable alternative treatment option, and its minimal survival improvement, the usefulness of RAM in clinical practice has been called into question. Areas covered In this paper, we outline the cost, benefits, and economic implications of RAM from a US perspective, as it is used in the treatment of mCRC...
November 9, 2016: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821460/provincial-economic-crisis-concerns-newfoundland-and-labrador-doctors
#20
Donalee Moulton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
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