keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Economic crisis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151234/excavating-the-psyche-a-social-history-of-soviet-psychiatry-in-bulgaria
#1
Julian Chehirian
This article investigates how an imported Soviet psychiatric model affected Bulgarians who experienced psychological crisis by examining therapeutic possibilities that were available and foreclosed in the People's Republic of Bulgaria. Bulgarians struggling with psychological disorders in the present day experience polar forms of marginalization: non-recognition on one extreme, and chronic medicalization on the other. Both tendencies can be traced to the Communist-period remodeling of mental healthcare, which outlawed private practice and individual-centered therapy, which reified empirically observable, physiological underpinnings of pathology while suppressing therapies that engaged with the existential context of mental illness...
November 18, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149313/how-do-health-workers-experience-and-cope-with-shocks-learning-from-four-fragile-and-conflict-affected-health-systems-in-uganda-sierra-leone-zimbabwe-and-cambodia
#2
Sophie Witter, Haja Wurie, Pamela Chandiwana, Justine Namakula, Sovannarith So, Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo, Freddie Ssengooba, Joanna Raven
This article is grounded in a research programme which set out to understand how to rebuild health systems post-conflict. Four countries were studied-Uganda, Sierra Leone, Zimbabwe and Cambodia-which were at different distances from conflict and crisis, as well as having unique conflict stories. During the research process, the Ebola epidemic broke out in West Africa. Zimbabwe has continued to face a profound economic crisis. Within our research on health worker incentives, we captured insights from 128 life histories and in-depth interviews with a variety of staff that had remained in service...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147112/do-changes-in-welfare-and-health-policy-affect-life-satisfaction-of-older-citizens-in-europe
#3
Marinela Olaroiu, Ioana Dana Alexa, Wim J A van den Heuvel
Objectives: Ageing of societies causes serious political concerns on well-being of old citizens and care for the (frail) old. These concerns increased with the economic crisis of 2008. In European countries policy measures were taken to deal with the consequences of this crisis. This study explores the possible effects of these measures on life satisfaction of older citizens. Methods: Life satisfaction was assessed through international surveys in 2007 and 2013 and changes in societal conditions, using eight indicators on demography, welfare, and health, are assessed in 31 European countries in 2006 and in 2014...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126288/socioeconomic-status-and-impact-of-the-economic-crisis-on-dietary-habits-in-italy-results-from-the-inhes-study
#4
Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Americo Bonanni, Simona Costanzo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
Background: There is lack of evidence about the likely impact of the economic crisis on dietary habits in Western societies. We aimed to assess dietary modifications that possibly occurred during the recession and to investigate major socioeconomic factors associated with such modifications. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis on 1829 subjects from the general population recruited in the larger INHES study (n = 9319) a telephone-based survey on nutrition and health conducted in Italy from 2010 to 2013...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123602/rehabilitation-of-vulnerable-groups-in-emergencies-and-disasters-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri, Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Fatemeh Rezaei, Mohammad Reza Maracy
BACKGROUND: Natural and man-made disasters, especially those occurring in large scales not only result in human mortality, but also cause physical, psychological, and social disabilities. Providing effective rehabilitation services in time can decrease the frequency of such disabilities. The aim of the current study was to perform a systematic review related to rehabilitation of vulnerable groups in emergencies and disasters. METHODS: The systematic review was conducted according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120309/comparing-insider-and-outsider-news-coverage-of-the-2014-ebola-outbreak
#6
Brittany Humphries, Martha Radice, Sophie Lauzier
OBJECTIVES: Information provided by news media during an infectious disease outbreak can affect the actions taken to safeguard public health. There has been little evaluation of how the content of news published during an outbreak varies by location of the news outlet. This study analyzes coverage of the 2014 Ebola outbreak by one news outlet operating within a country affected by the outbreak and one country not directly affected. METHODS: A qualitative content analysis was conducted of articles published in two national news outlets, The Globe and Mail (Canada) and the Vanguard (Nigeria), between January 1 and December 31, 2014...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077538/pathways-to-male-transactional-sex-in-mumbai-india
#7
Ankur Srivastava, Jeremy T Goldbach
The paper explores pathways to male transactional sex, focusing on entering, soliciting practices, role of pimps, client characteristics, and negotiations. Little scientific literature exists regarding male transactional sex in India, who represent a high-risk group for HIV infection. Case studies with 10 men who engage in transactional sex were conducted, who were recruited using purposive snowball sampling and interviewed at a social service organization. Participants differed in their sexual identity, sex roles, soliciting practices, and clients...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072190/employment-insecurity-mental-health-and-suicide
#8
K N Fountoulakis
With the economic crisis an increase in suicidality has been reported across Europe but especially in Greece. Τhese reports hit the mass media headlines and were also included in the debate among political parties. The literature suggests that during periods of deep economic crisis, there is an increase specifically in suicides but causality remains unclear. The prevailing picture both in the scientific literature and in the mass media is that the economic crisis acts as a more or less generic risk factor on the entire population putting at risk literally anybody...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071473/west-africa-2013-ebola-from-virus-outbreak-to-humanitarian-crisis
#9
Daniel G Bausch
The 2013 outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa constituted a major humanitarian crisis. The outbreak numbered over 28,500 cases, more than 10 times the number cumulatively registered from all previous EVD outbreaks combined, with at least 11,000 deaths, and resulted in billions of dollars of lost economic growth to an already impoverished region. The unprecedented scale of West Africa 2013 took the world by surprise and laid bare deficiencies in our response capacity to complex humanitarian disasters of highly infectious and lethal pathogens...
October 26, 2017: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070050/potential-barriers-in-healthcare-access-of-the-elderly-population-influenced-by-the-economic-crisis-and-the-troika-agreement-a-qualitative-case-study-in-lisbon-portugal
#10
Julia Doetsch, Eva Pilot, Paula Santana, Thomas Krafft
BACKGROUND: The recent economic and financial crisis in Portugal urged the Portuguese Government in April 2011 to request financial assistance from the troika austerity bail out program to get aid for its government debt. The troika agreement included health reforms and austerity measures of the National Health Service (NHS) in Portugal to save non-essential health care costs. This research aimed to identify potential barriers among the elderly population (aged 65 and above) to healthcare access influenced by the economic crisis and the troika agreement focussing on the Memorandum of Understanding on Specific Economic Policy Conditionality (MoU) in Lisbon metropolitan area, Portugal...
October 25, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058959/impact-of-economic-crisis-on-the-social-representation-of-mental-health-analysis-of-a-decade-of-newspaper-coverage
#11
David Dias Neto, Maria João Figueiras, Sónia Campos, Patrícia Tavares
BACKGROUND: Mass media plays a fundamental role in how communities understand mental health and its treatment. However, the effect of major events such as economic crises on the depiction of mental health is still unclear. AIMS: This study aimed at analyzing representations of mental health and its treatment and the impact of the 2008 economic crisis. METHODS: In total, 1,000 articles were randomly selected from two newspapers from a period before and after the economic crisis...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058001/alloying-assisted-phonon-engineering-of-layered-biinse3-nickel-foam-for-efficient-solar-enabled-water-evaporation
#12
J D Yao, Z Q Zheng, G W Yang
The fresh water crisis has emerged as one of the most urgent bottlenecks hindering the rapid development of modern industry and society. Solar energy-driven water evaporation represents a potential green and sustainable solution to address this issue. Herein, for the first time, centimeter-scale BiInSe3-coated nickel foam (BiInSe3@NF) as an efficient solar-enabled evaporator was successfully achieved and exploited for solar energy-driven water evaporation. Benefitting from multiple scattering-induced light trapping of the rough substrate, strong light-matter interaction and intermediate band (IB)-induced efficient phonon emission of BiInSe3, the BiInSe3@NF device achieved a high evaporation rate of 0...
November 2, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056069/quantifying-the-relationship-between-capability-and-health-in-older-people-can-t-map-won-t-map
#13
Matthew Franklin, Katherine Payne, Rachel A Elliott
BACKGROUND: Intuitively, health and capability are distinct but linked concepts. This study aimed to quantify the link between a measure of health status (EQ-5D-3L) and capability (ICECAP-O) using regression-based methods. METHODS: EQ-5D-3L and ICECAP-O data were collected from a sample of older people ( n = 584), aged over 65 years, requiring a hospital visit and/or care home resident, and recruited to one of 3 studies forming the Medical Crisis in Older People (MCOP) program in England...
October 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048496/short-run-and-long-run-effects-of-unemployment-on-suicides-does-welfare-regime-matter
#14
Pawel Gajewski, Kateryna Zhukovska
Background: Disentangling the immediate effects of an unemployment shock from the long-run relationship has a strong theoretical rationale. Different economic and psychological forces are at play in the first moment and after prolonged unemployment. This study suggests a diverse impact of short- and long-run unemployment on suicides in liberal and social-democratic countries. Methods: We take a macro-level perspective and simultaneously estimate the short- and long-run relationships between unemployment and suicide, along with the speed of convergence towards the long-run relationship after a shock, in a panel of 10 high-income countries...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043091/hope-help-for-people-with-money-employment-benefit-or-housing-problems-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
M C Barnes, A M Haase, A M Bard, J L Donovan, R Davies, S Dursley, J Potokar, N Kapur, K Hawton, R C O'Connor, W Hollingworth, C Metcalfe, D Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Self-harm and suicide increase in times of economic recession. Factors including job loss, austerity measures, financial difficulties and house repossession contribute to the risk. Vulnerable individuals commonly experience difficulties in navigating the benefits system and in accessing the available sources of welfare and debt advice, and this contributes to their distress. Our aim is to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a brief psychosocial intervention (the "HOPE" service) for people presenting to hospital emergency departments (ED) following self-harm or in acute distress because of financial, employment, or welfare (benefit) difficulties...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035175/lifestyle-medicine-a-brief-review-of-its-dramatic-impact-on-health-and-survival
#16
Balazs I Bodai, Therese E Nakata, William T Wong, Dawn R Clark, Steven Lawenda, Christine Tsou, Raymond Liu, Linda Shiue, Neil Cooper, Michael Rehbein, Benjamin P Ha, Anne Mckeirnan, Rajiv Misquitta, Pankaj Vij, Andrew Klonecke, Carmelo S Mejia, Emil Dionysian, Sean Hashmi, Michael Greger, Scott Stoll, Thomas M Campbell
By ignoring the root causes of disease and neglecting to prioritize lifestyle measures for prevention, the medical community is placing people at harm. Advanced nations, influenced by a Western lifestyle, are in the midst of a health crisis, resulting largely from poor lifestyle choices. Epidemiologic, ecologic, and interventional studies have repeatedly indicated that most chronic illnesses, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes, are the result of lifestyles fueled by poor nutrition and physical inactivity...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034662/-the-lessons-of-the-ebola-epidemic-for-a-more-effective-preparedness-face-to-health-crises
#17
Anne Fortin, Joseph Vroh Benie Bi, Abdelkrim Soulimane
Although uncommon, public health crises cause considerable human suffering and death and have major political, economic and social impacts. For many years, countries have made considerable efforts to prepare for emergencies. The Ebola epidemic in West Africa, as well as recent events and emerging public health threats force countries to strengthen, adapt or implement their Emergency Preparedness Plans. Emergency Preparedness is a difficult process. Some authors would even say that it is an impossible mission...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033668/integrative-research-identifies-71-new-plant-species-records-in-the-state-of-rio-grande-do-norte-brazil-and-enhances-a-small-herbarium-collection-during-a-funding-shortage
#18
Leonardo M Versieux, Nállarett Dávila, Geadelande C Delgado, Valdeci F de Sousa, Edweslley Otaviano de Moura, Tarciso Filgueiras, Marccus V Alves, Eric Carvalho, Daniel Piotto, Rafaela C Forzza, Alice Calvente, Jomar G Jardim
A National Forest Inventory (NFI) encompassing the entire territory of Brazil is in progress. It is coordinated and promoted by the Brazilian Forest Service of the Ministry of Environment. In each state, the NFI collaborates with local herbaria by receiving collected plant material and performing species identification. Consultants are hired by the NFI and work at the local herbaria under the supervision of a curator. In exchange for curatorial assistance, the NFI provides equipment and consumables for the herbarium...
2017: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031934/-we-don-t-have-the-infrastructure-to-support-them-at-home-how-health-system-inadequacies-impact-on-long-term-care-admissions-of-people-with-dementia
#19
Nora-Ann Donnelly, Niamh Humphries, Anne Hickey, Frank Doyle
OBJECTIVES: The influence of healthcare system factors on long-term care admissions has received relatively little attention. We address this by examining how inadequacies in the healthcare system impact on long-term care admissions of people with dementia. This is done in the context of the Irish healthcare system. METHODS: Thirty-eight qualitative in-depth interviews with healthcare professionals and family carers were conducted. Interviews focused on participants' perceptions of the main factors which influence admission to long-term care...
October 6, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026491/does-economic-instability-affect-healthcare-provision-evidence-based-on-the-urban-family-physician-program-in-iran
#20
Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Sajad Delavari, Afsoon Aeenparast, Abolhassan Afkar, Faranak Farzadi, Farzaneh Maftoon
BACKGROUND: The main aim of this study was to evaluate the achievements of some important goals of Iran's urban family physician plan. This plan was implemented when the country experienced economic instability. We examine whether an economic crisis affects the efficacy of a healthcare program. METHODS: We used the household income and expenditures survey data for 2011 (before program implementation) and 2012 (after program implementation). Changes in out-of-pocket payments and healthcare utilization were investigated using the propensity score matching estimator...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
keyword
keyword
86871
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"