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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542362/a-window-dea-based-efficiency-evaluation-of-the-public-hospital-sector-in-greece-during-the-5-year-economic-crisis
#1
Angeliki Flokou, Vassilis Aletras, Dimitris Niakas
The main objective of this study was to apply the non-parametric method of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to measure the efficiency of Greek NHS hospitals between 2009-2013. Hospitals were divided into four separate groups with common characteristics which allowed comparisons to be carried out in the context of increased homogeneity. The window-DEA method was chosen since it leads to increased discrimination on the results especially when applied to small samples and it enables year-by-year comparisons of the results...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541234/psychiatric-specialty-training-in-greece
#2
EDITORIAL
M Margariti, V Kontaxakis, D Ploumpidis
The reform and development of psychiatric services require, in addition to financial resources, reserves in specialized human resources. The role of psychiatrists in this process, and at reducing the consequences of mental morbidity is evident. Psychiatrists are required to play a multifaceted role as clinicians, as experts in multidisciplinary team environments and as advisors in the recognition of public needs in mental health issues, as teachers and mentors for students and other health professionals, as researchers in order to enrich our knowledge in the scientific field of psychiatry, and as public health specialists in the development of the mental health services system...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536969/economic-conditions-hypertension-and-cardiovascular-disease-analysis-of-the-icelandic-economic-collapse
#3
Kristín Helga Birgisdóttir, Stefán Hrafn Jónsson, Tinna Laufey Ásgeirsdóttir
Previous research has found a positive short-term relationship between the 2008 collapse and hypertension in Icelandic males. With Iceland's economy experiencing a phase of economic recovery, an opportunity to pursue a longer-term analysis of the collapse has emerged. Using data from a nationally representative sample, fixed-effect estimations and mediation analyses were performed to explore the relationship between the Icelandic economic collapse in 2008 and the longer-term impact on hypertension and cardiovascular health...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534429/prevalence-and-costs-of-defensive-medicine-a-national-survey-of-italian-physicians
#4
Massimiliano Panella, Carmela Rinaldi, Fabrizio Leigheb, Sanita Knesse, Chiara Donnarumma, Seval Kul, Kris Vanhaecht, Francesco Di Stanislao
Objective To identify the prevalence of the practice of defensive medicine among Italian hospital physicians, its costs and the reasons for practising defensive medicine and possible solutions to reduce the practice of defensive medicine. Methods Cross-sectional web survey. Main outcome measures Number of physicians reporting having engaged in any defensive medicine behaviour in the previous year. Results A total of 1313 physicians completed the survey. Ninety-five per cent believed that defensive medicine would increase in the near future...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532488/mitigating-the-heroin-crisis-in-baltimore-md-usa-a-cost-benefit-analysis-of-a-hypothetical-supervised-injection-facility
#5
Amos Irwin, Ehsan Jozaghi, Brian W Weir, Sean T Allen, Andrew Lindsay, Susan G Sherman
BACKGROUND: In Baltimore, MD, as in many cities throughout the USA, overdose rates are on the rise due to both the increase of prescription opioid abuse and that of fentanyl and other synthetic opioids in the drug market. Supervised injection facilities (SIFs) are a widely implemented public health intervention throughout the world, with 97 existing in 11 countries worldwide. Research has documented the public health, social, and economic benefits of SIFs, yet none exist in the USA. The purpose of this study is to model the health and financial costs and benefits of a hypothetical SIF in Baltimore...
May 12, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528761/responding-to-a-cvdpv1-outbreak-in-ukraine-implications-challenges-and-opportunities
#6
Nino Khetsuriani, Ihor Perehinets, Dorit Nitzan, Dragoslav Popovic, Thomas Moran, Vusala Allahverdiyeva, Shahin Huseynov, Eugene Gavrilin, Liudmyla Slobodianyk, Olha Izhyk, Anna Sukhodolska, Sahar Hegazi, Katerina Bulavinova, Sergei Platov, Patrick O'Connor
BACKGROUND: The European Region, certified polio-free in 2002, remains at risk of wild poliovirus reintroduction and emergence of circulating vaccine-derived polioviruses (cVDPV) until global polio eradication is achieved, as demonstrated by the cVDPV1 outbreak in Ukraine in 2015. METHODS: We reviewed epidemiologic, clinical and virology data on cVDPV cases, surveillance and immunization coverage data, and reports of outbreak-related surveys, country missions, and expert group meetings...
May 18, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495250/austerity-and-its-implications-for-immigrant-health-in-france
#7
Carolyn Sargent, Laurence Kotobi
The ongoing economic crisis in France increasingly has affected immigrant rights, including access to health care. Consistent with a 2014 League Against Cancer survey, we identify the ways in which sickness produces a "double penalty" for immigrants with serious illness. Immigrants with chronic illnesses such as cancer, diabetes, and other debilitating conditions divert vital funds from daily needs to deal with sickness and loss of work while at the same time national austerity measures shred the state's traditional safety net of social services and support...
May 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494803/alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-and-stem-cell-therapy
#8
REVIEW
Thomas Duncan, Michael Valenzuela
Alzheimer's disease (AD) represents arguably the most significant social, economic, and medical crisis of our time. Characterized by progressive neurodegenerative pathology, AD is first and foremost a condition of neuronal and synaptic loss. Repopulation and regeneration of depleted neuronal circuitry by exogenous stem cells is therefore a rational therapeutic strategy. This review will focus on recent advances in stem cell therapies utilizing animal models of AD, as well as detailing the human clinical trials of stem cell therapies for AD that are currently undergoing development...
May 12, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492215/public-health-achievements-and-challenges-symposium-of-the-university-of-mostar-faculty-of-health-studies
#9
Jelena Ravlija, Ivan Vasilj, Dragan Babic, Inga Marijanovic
Public health is an important area of health care that reflects the readiness of the state and society to provide the welfare of all citizens through the promotion of health and the preservation of a healthy environment - factors that directly affect the health of the population. The field of public health is very broad and its concept is changing over time, being defined in a narrower and wider sense. In short, public health is a science and practice that aims at ensuring the conditions in which people can preserve and improve their health and prevent health damage...
May 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485714/portugal-health-system-review
#10
Jorge de Almeida Simoes, Goncalo Figueiredo Augusto, Ines Fronteira, Cristina Hernandez-Quevedo
This analysis of the Portuguese health system reviews recent developments in organization and governance, health financing, health care provision, health reforms and health system performance. Overall health indicators such as life expectancy at birth and at age 65 years have shown a notable improvement over the last decades. However, these improvements have not been followed at the same pace by other important dimensions of health: child poverty and its consequences, mental health and quality of life after 65...
March 2017: Health Systems in Transition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480191/physical-abuse-in-the-era-of-financial-crisis-in-greece
#11
Michael Kontos, Demetrios Moris, Spyridon Davakis, Dimitrios Schizas, Emmanouil Pikoulis, Theodoros Liakakos
BACKGROUND: Greece is suffering an economic recession of enormous magnitude, but whether its health has deteriorated as a result, has not yet been well established. We aim to present and analyze differences in demographics and clinical distribution of patients victims of physical abuse examined at the surgical emergency room in an Academic institution in the era of financial crisis. METHODS: A retrospective database analysis of all patients that were examined to surgical emergency room (ER), between January 1st 2008 and December 31st 2014, was conducted...
April 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480093/the-public-health-threat-of-road-traffic-accidents-in-nigeria-a-call-to-action
#12
REVIEW
Noc Onyemaechi, U R Ofoma
Public health experts worldwide concede that there is a global epidemic of road traffic accidents (RTA). Globally, RTA is the leading cause of injury-related deaths. In Nigeria, injuries and deaths resulting from RTA are on the rise and are Nigeria's third-leading cause of overall deaths, the leading cause of trauma-related deaths and the most common cause of disability. Do RTA constitute a public health problem in Nigeria? If so, is there a pragmatic approach to combat this problem? A systematic literature search using the advanced features of various databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Google, and directory of open access journals was carried out using the key words " RTA, public health problem, government response, Nigeria...
July 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474141/inpatient-profile-of-patients-with-major-depression-in-portuguese-national-health-system-hospitals-in-2008-and-2013-variation-in-a-time-of-economic-crisis
#13
Daniel Francisco Santos Rodrigues, Carla Nunes
The economic crisis has placed Portugal in a situation of budgetary constraints with repercussions on mental health, since 2009. This study analyses the association between economic crisis and the inpatient profile of major depression in the working-age population in Portuguese National Health System hospitals. This was an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study. An individual analysis of hospitalisation and an ecological analysis at district level, were performed before 2008 and during the crisis (2013)...
May 4, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472296/changes-in-alcohol-consumption-in-the-50-to-64-year-old-european-economically-active-population-during-an-economic-crisis
#14
Marina Bosque-Prous, Anton E Kunst, M Teresa Brugal, Albert Espelt
The aim was to compare alcohol drinking patterns in economically active people aged 50-64 years before the last economic crisis (2006) and during the crisis (2013). Cross-sectional study with data from 25 479 economically active people aged 50-64 years resident in 11 European countries who participated in wave 2 or wave 5 of the SHARE project (2006 and 2013). The outcome variables were hazardous drinking, abstention in previous 3 months and the weekly average number of drinks per drinker. The prevalence ratios of hazardous drinking and abstention, comparing the prevalence in 2013 vs...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462184/the-effects-of-economic-crisis-on-the-demand-and-supply-of-the-dental-services-in-greece
#15
Diamantopoulos Kostas, Niakas Dimitris
OBJECTIVES: This paper attempts to explore the impact of the economic crisis on the supply and demand of dental care services by listing the changes in costs for dental care as well as by the use of a questionnaire administered to dentists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Health Accounts System, the Household Budget Surveys of the Greek Statistical Authority, and a questionnaire distributed to dentists working as self-employed were used as analysis tools. The survey involved a total of 361 dentists from all the regions of the country...
March 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461442/the-austere-life
#16
Nicholas Xenos
Since the 2008 financial crisis, austerity has been deployed as a public policy geared towards reducing sovereign debt and restoring economic order, on the one hand, and descried as an example of punitive moralizing by political and economic elites, on the other. This article challenges the economic understanding of the concept of austerity. Some recent examples from popular culture are adduced to indicate societal dissatisfaction with the accumulation of material things, examples of what has been called 'the new minimalism'...
June 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450811/efficiency-and-productivity-assessment-of-public-hospitals-in-greece-during-the-crisis-period-2009-2012
#17
P Xenos, J Yfantopoulos, M Nektarios, N Polyzos, P Tinios, A Constantopoulos
BACKGROUND: This study is an initial effort to examine the dynamics of efficiency and productivity in Greek public hospitals during the first phase of the crisis 2009-2012. Data were collected by the Ministry of Health after several quality controls ensuring comparability and validity of hospital inputs and outputs. Productivity is estimated using the Malmquist Indicator, decomposing the estimated values into efficiency and technological change. METHODS: Hospital efficiency and productivity growth are calculated by bootstrapping the non-parametric Malmquist analysis...
2017: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447373/avoiding-a-crisis-of-motivation-for-ocean-management-under-global-environmental-change
#18
REVIEW
Peter J Mumby, James N Sanchirico, Kenneth Broad, Michael W Beck, Peter Tyedmers, Megan Morikawa, Thomas A Okey, Larry B Crowder, Elizabeth A Fulton, Denny Kelso, Joanie A Kleypas, Stephan B Munch, Polita Glynn, Kathryn Matthews, Jane Lubchenco
Climate change and ocean acidification are altering marine ecosystems and, from a human perspective, creating both winners and losers. Human responses to these changes are complex, but may result in reduced government investments in regulation, resource management, monitoring and enforcement. Moreover, a lack of peoples' experience of climate change may drive some towards attributing the symptoms of climate change to more familiar causes such as management failure. Taken together, we anticipate that management could become weaker and less effective as climate change continues...
April 27, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445470/the-credibility-crisis-in-research-can-economics-tools-help
#19
Thomas Gall, John P A Ioannidis, Zacharias Maniadis
The issue of nonreplicable evidence has attracted considerable attention across biomedical and other sciences. This concern is accompanied by an increasing interest in reforming research incentives and practices. How to optimally perform these reforms is a scientific problem in itself, and economics has several scientific methods that can help evaluate research reforms. Here, we review these methods and show their potential. Prominent among them are mathematical modeling and laboratory experiments that constitute affordable ways to approximate the effects of policies with wide-ranging implications...
April 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435474/the-vision-of-industrie-4-0-in-the-making-a-case-of-future-told-tamed-and-traded
#20
Sabine Pfeiffer
Since industrial trade fair Hannover Messe 2011, the term "Industrie 4.0" has ignited a vision of a new Industrial Revolution and has been inspiring a lively, ongoing debate among the German public about the future of work, and hence society, ever since. The discourse around this vision of the future eventually spread to other countries, with public awareness reaching a temporary peak in 2016 when the World Economic Forum's meeting in Davos was held with the motto "Mastering the Fourth Industrial Revolution...
2017: Nanoethics
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