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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929722/-self-perceived-health-status-among-immigrants-in-italy
#1
Alessio Petrelli, Anteo Di Napoli, Alessandra Rossi, Lidia Gargiulo, Concetta Mirisola, Gianfranco Costanzo
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate self-perceived health status of immigrants in Italy. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative national samples of the multipurpose surveys "Health conditions and use of health services" conducted in 2005 and 2013 by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on the age group of 18-64: No. 80,661 in 2005, among which 3.2% were immigrants, and No...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927856/migration-flow-and-its-impact-on-tuberculosis-notification-in-portugal
#2
Ana Dias, Rita Gaio, Pedro Sousa, Marta Gomes, Olena Oliveira, Raquel Duarte
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis notification in Portugal has decreased in the last few years. As a consequence of the economic crisis, emigration has increased and immigration has decreased. Immigrants are a risk group for tuberculosis. Most emigrants are 20-44 years old and belong to the age group most affected by tuberculosis. OBJECTIVE: To describe the decrease in tuberculosis notification in Portugal over the last years from a demographical point of view. METHODS: Mathematical analysis was performed to quantify the effect of the migration movements (separately and simultaneously) on tuberculosis notification in Portugal from 2008 to 2014...
September 16, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926025/animal-health-and-price-transmission-along-livestock-supply-chains
#3
M Aragrande, M Canali
Animal health diseases can severely affect the food supply chain by causing variations in prices and market demand. Price transmission analysis reveals in what ways price variations are transmitted along the supply chain, and how supply chains of substitute products and different regional markets are also affected. In perfect markets, a price variation would be completely and instantaneously transmitted across the different levels of the supply chain: producers, the processing industry, retailers and consumers...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925288/twins-and-socioeconomic-factors-changes-in-the-last-20%C3%A2-years
#4
Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner, Konstantinos Voulgaris, Emmanouela Sdona, Christos Christou, Despina D Briana
Socioeconomic factors associated with twins/multiples have been sparsely studied. Analyzing data from the Hellenic Statistical Authority, regarding twin out of total births from 1996 to 2015, we showed that twinning rate in Greece has increased from 1996 and onwards, in parallel with advanced maternal age and decline in total births. Higher twin rates are associated with higher maternal education, better paid parental occupations, and thus wealthier families, married maternal status, while immigrants present a lower twinning rate than Greeks...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916234/regulatory-capture-and-financial-crisis-comment-on-modeling-human-behavior-in-economics-and-social-science-by-marina-dolfin-leone-leonida-and-nisrina-outada
#5
George Kapetanios, Eleonora Muzzupappa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914196/ethnic-disparity-and-increased-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-among-south-asians-aetiology-and-future-implications-for-diabetes-prevention-and-management
#6
Venugopal Vijayakumar, Ramesh Mavathur, Manjunath Nk Sharma
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is turning out to be a global health crisis. Current available literature clearly indicates an increased risk of type 2 diabetes amongst South Asian population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this narrative review is to explore the non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors of T2DM in South Asian population, including their beliefs, attitudes, socio economic and cultural barriers and also to explore the possible implications in designing culture specific diabetes prevention and management programs...
September 15, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914154/the-failure-of-null-hypothesis-significance-testing-when-studying-incremental-changes-and-what-to-do-about-it
#7
Andrew Gelman
A standard mode of inference in social and behavioral science is to establish stylized facts using statistical significance in quantitative studies. However, in a world in which measurements are noisy and effects are small, this will not work: selection on statistical significance leads to effect sizes which are overestimated and often in the wrong direction. After a brief discussion of two examples, one in economics and one in social psychology, we consider the procedural solution of open postpublication review, the design solution of devoting more effort to accurate measurements and within-person comparisons, and the statistical analysis solution of multilevel modeling and reporting all results rather than selection on significance...
September 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910222/restricted-access-state-medicaid-coverage-of-sofosbuvir-hepatitis-c-treatment
#8
Marea B Tumber
Chronic hepatitis C (HCV) infection can persist for decades without symptoms. Many Americans are unaware of their infection status and are not receiving necessary care and treatment. This places them at greater risk for severe, even fatal, complications from the disease and increases the likelihood that they will transmit the virus to others. In late 2013, the Food and Drug Administration approved a direct acting antiviral drug called sofosbuvir to treat chronic HCV infection. Sofosbuvir is a highly effective, but very expensive, curative treatment for HCV...
January 2017: Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893248/the-impact-of-austerity-on-the-health-workforce-and-the-achievement-of-human-resources-for-health-policies-in-ireland-2008-2014
#9
Des Williams, Steve Thomas
BACKGROUND: The global economic crisis saw recessionary conditions in most EU countries. Ireland's severe recession produced pro-cyclical health spending cuts. Yet, human resources for health (HRH) are the most critical of inputs into a health system and an important economic driver. The aim of this article is to evaluate how the Irish health system coped with austerity in relation to HRH and whether austerity allowed and/or facilitated the implementation of HRH policy. METHODS: The authors employed a quantitative longitudinal trend analysis over the period 2008 to 2014 with Health Service Executive (HSE) staff database as the principal source...
September 11, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878710/examining-depressive-symptoms-and-their-predictors-in-malaysia-stress-locus-of-control-and-occupation
#10
Si H Yeoh, Cai L Tam, Chee P Wong, Gregory Bonn
The 2015 National Health and Morbidity Survey estimated that over 29% of the adult population of Malaysia suffers from mental distress, a nearly 3-fold increase from the 10.7% estimated by the NHMS in 1996 pointing to the potential beginnings of a public health crisis. This study aimed to better understand this trend by assessing depressive symptoms and their correlates in a cross-section of Malaysians. Specifically, it assesses stress, perceived locus of control, and various socio-demographic variables as possible predictors of depressive symptoms in the Malaysian context...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877695/methodological-barriers-to-studying-the-association-between-the-economic-crisis-and-suicide-in-spain
#11
Javier Alvarez-Galvez, Jose A Salinas-Perez, María Luisa Rodero-Cosano, Luis Salvador-Carulla
BACKGROUND: The hypothetical relationship between economic recession and the increase in suicides in Spain is subject to various arguments. In addition to the inherent complexity of capturing and explaining the underlining mechanisms that could describe this causal link, different points of contention have been be identified. The period of this association and its possible starting points, the socioeconomic determinants that may explain the variation in suicide rate, and the data sources available are the main focus of controversy...
September 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876675/global-surgery-a-review-of-the-paediatric-surgical-workforce-in-south-africa
#12
A J Dell
BACKGROUND: Background Surgical conditions lead to premature death and disability resulting in a massive economic burden. Contributing to this global crisis is the lack of data on the limited surgical workforce in many low and middle income countries (LMICs). METHOD: All paediatric surgeons were contacted during the period 1-28 February 2017 via email as well as during a congress which was held at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, and a database was compiled...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871022/perceived-effects-of-the-economic-recession-on-population-mental-health-well-being-and-provision-of-care-by-primary-care-users-and-professionals-a-qualitative-study-protocol-in-portugal
#13
Ana Antunes, Diana Frasquilho, Graça Cardoso, Nádia Pereira, Manuela Silva, José Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida, João Ferrão
INTRODUCTION: Economic recession periods can pose accentuated risks to population's mental health and well-being as well as additional threats to health systems. Users and health professionals are key stakeholders in care delivery; however, little attention has been given to their experiences of the crisis. This paper presents a qualitative study protocol to assess users' and health professionals' perceptions about the effects of the post-2008 economic recession on mental health and care delivery in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, Portugal...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856669/postmaterialism-and-young-people-s-political-participation-in-a-time-of-austerity
#14
Matt Henn, Ben Oldfield, James Hart
Recent trends suggest that young people in Britain are refraining from engaging in formal political processes. At the same time, they are increasingly expressing support for, and turning toward, a new and diverse range of non-institutionalized forms of political action in order to actualize their interests. Using Inglehart's ideas on postmaterialism, we consider whether this apparent rejection of mainstream politics in favour of less conventional - and sometimes radical - forms of political action is changing over time in Britain, reflecting fluctuating economic conditions witnessed over the last two decades...
August 30, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854226/socioeconomic-position-and-health-services-use-in-germany-and-spain-during-the-great-recession
#15
Lourdes Lostao, Siegfried Geyer, Romana Albaladejo, Almudena Moreno-Lostao, Juana M Santos, Enrique Regidor
OBJECTIVE: The relationship of socioeconomic position with the use of health services may have changed with the emergence of the economic crisis. This study shows that relationship before and during the economic crisis, in Germany and in Spain. METHODS: Data from the 2006 and 2011 Socio-Economic Panel carried out in Germany, and from the 2006 and 2011 National Health Surveys carried out in Spain were used. The health services investigated were physician consultations and hospitalization...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845851/-the-health-of-foreign-workers-an-italian-and-international-priority
#16
Antonella Bena, Massimiliano Giraudo
About 5 million migrants are resident in Italy. Migrant workers are mainly employed in manual, unqualified jobs that Italians tend not to perform anymore. Compared to Italians, they tend to be more hired by precarious contracts. Migrants present a higher risk of work injuries and occupational illnesses than natives. This excess risk is linked to the concentration of migrants in the most dangerous jobs, greater risk tolerance, language and cultural barriers that reduce the effectiveness of any training actions...
July 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831854/impact-of-the-economic-crisis-on-health-related-behaviors-in-italy
#17
Giorgio Mattei, Roberto De Vogli, Silvia Ferrari, Luca Pingani, Marco Rigatelli, Gian Maria Galeazzi
BACKGROUND: Evidence exists supporting the impact of the Great Recession on health-related behaviors internationally, though few studies are available concerning the Italian population. AIM: To assess the impact of the late 2000s economic crisis on health-related behaviors linked to population mental health in Italy. METHODS: Descriptive study. Health indicators came from the Italian Institute of Statistics database (years 2000-2015). Statistics performed by means of linear regression models...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830027/factors-influencing-use-of-family-planning-in-women-living-in-crisis-affected-areas-of-sub-saharan-africa-a-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Kelly Ackerson, Ruth Zielinski
BACKGROUND: far too many women continue to die from pregnancy and childbirth related causes. While rates have decreased in the past two decades, some areas of the world such as sub-Saharan Africa continue to have very high maternal mortality rates. One intervention that has been demonstrated to decrease maternal mortality is use of family planning and modern contraception, yet rates of use in sub-Saharan countries with the highest rates of maternal death remain very low. AIM: to review available research and summarize the factors that inhibit or promote family planning and contraceptive use among refugee women and women from surrounding areas living in Sub-Saharan Africa...
November 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829395/practice-of-environmentally-significant-behaviours-in-rural-china-from-being-motivated-by-economic-gains-to-being-motivated-by-environmental-considerations
#19
Yanyan Chen
A continuous and increasing crisis that present-day China is facing is environmental degradation. The cultivation of citizens who have environmentally friendly behaviours has been deemed as a fundamental way to solve environmental crises. However, the main focus of environmentalism studies has been urban residents, whereas rare research attention was put on rural Chinese. This paper focuses on environmentally significant behaviours in rural China and aims to clarify the practice of five environmentally significant behaviours and two motivations underlying these behaviours...
August 22, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808427/public-engagement-in-setting-healthcare-priorities-a-ranking-exercise-in-cyprus
#20
Antonis Farmakas, Mamas Theodorou, Petros Galanis, Georgios Karayiannis, Stefanos Ghobrial, Nikos Polyzos, Evridiki Papastavrou, Eirini Agapidaki, Kyriakos Souliotis
BACKGROUND: In countries such as Cyprus the financial crisis and the recession have severely affected the funding and priority setting of the health care system. There is evidence highlighting the importance of population' preferences in designing priorities for health care settings. Although public preferences have been thorough analysed in many countries, there is a research gap in terms of simultaneously investigating the relative importance and the weight of differing and competing criteria for determining healthcare priority settings...
2017: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
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