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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317164/analysis-and-determination-the-efficiency-of-the-european-health-systems
#1
María Del Rocío Moreno-Enguix, Juan Cándido Gómez-Gallego, María Gómez Gallego
The current economic crisis has increased the interest in analyzing the efficiency of health care systems, as their funding is a very important part of the budgets for different countries. In this work determines the efficiency in the health services in European countries applying data envelopment analysis. In addition, the combined application of data envelopment analysis methods and ACP can provide an evaluation of the efficiency with respect to differently oriented productive health systems in the different countries...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303235/a-civic-turn-in-scandinavian-family-migration-policies-comparing-denmark-norway-and-sweden
#2
Emily Cochran Bech, Karin Borevi, Per Mouritsen
Family migration policy, once basing citizens and resident foreigners' possibilities to bring in foreign family members mainly on the right to family life, is increasingly a tool states use to limit immigration and to push newcomers to integrate into civic and economic life. The family migration policies of Denmark, Norway and Sweden range widely - from more minimal support and age requirements to high expectations of language skills, work records and even income levels. While in Denmark and increasingly in Norway growing sets of requirements have been justified on the need to protect the welfare state and a Nordic liberal way of life, in Sweden more minimal requirements have been introduced in the name of spurring immigrants' labor market integration even as rights-based reasoning has continued to dominate...
2017: Comp Migr Stud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301506/measuring-complexity-in-brazilian-economic-crises
#3
Letícia P D Mortoza, José R C Piqueira
Capital flows are responsible for a strong influence on the foreign exchange rates and stock prices macroeconomic parameters. In volatile economies, capital flows can change due to several types of social, political and economic events, provoking oscillations on these parameters, which are recognized as economic crises. This work aims to investigate how these two macroeconomic variables are related with crisis events by using the traditional complex measures due to Lopez-Mancini-Calbet (LMC) and to Shiner-Davison-Landsberg (SDL), that can be applied to any temporal series...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298225/exploring-public-sector-physicians-resilience-reactions-and-coping-strategies-in-times-of-economic-crisis-findings-from-a-survey-in-portugal-s-capital-city-area
#4
Giuliano Russo, Carlos André Pires, Julian Perelman, Luzia Gonçalves, Pedro Pita Barros
BACKGROUND: Evidence is accumulating on the impact of the recent economic crisis on health and health systems across Europe. However, little is known about the effect this is having on physicians - a crucial resource for the delivery of healthcare services. This paper explores the adaptation to the crisis of public sector physicians and their ability to keep performing their functions, with the objective of gaining a better understanding of health workers' resilience under deteriorating conditions...
March 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289014/addressing-the-crisis-of-gp-recruitment-and-retention-a-systematic-review
#5
Catherine Marchand, Stephen Peckham
BACKGROUND: The numbers of GPs and training places in general practice are declining, and retaining GPs in their practices is an increasing problem. AIM: To identify evidence on different approaches to retention and recruitment of GPs, such as intrinsic versus extrinsic motivational determinants. DESIGN AND SETTING: Synthesis of qualitative and quantitative research using seven electronic databases from 1990 onwards (Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Health Management Information Consortium [HMIC], Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (Cinahl), PsycINFO, and the Turning Research Into Practice [TRIP] database)...
March 13, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285166/perception-of-economic-crisis-among-spanish-nursing-students-its-relation-to-burnout-and-engagement
#6
Guadalupe Manzano-García, Pilar Montañés, Jesús L Megías
BACKGROUND: The high levels of indebtedness and deficit of Spain's autonomous communities as a consequence of the national and European economic crisis have caused radical changes in the Spanish National Health Service. At the present time, the economic crisis is seriously affecting nurses in several European countries, and especially in Spain. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyse whether nursing students' perceptions of economic crisis influence their levels of burnout and engagement in relation to their studies...
March 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282378/the-socio-economic-drivers-of-bushmeat-consumption-during-the-west-african-ebola-crisis
#7
Isabel Ordaz-Németh, Mimi Arandjelovic, Lukas Boesch, Tsegaye Gatiso, Trokon Grimes, Hjalmar S Kuehl, Menladi Lormie, Colleen Stephens, Clement Tweh, Jessica Junker
Bushmeat represents an important source of animal protein for humans in tropical Africa. Unsustainable bushmeat hunting is a major threat to wildlife and its consumption is associated with an increased risk of acquiring zoonotic diseases, such as Ebola virus disease (EVD). During the recent EVD outbreak in West Africa, it is likely that human dietary behavior and local attitudes toward bushmeat consumption changed in response to the crisis, and that the rate of change depended on prevailing socio-economic conditions, including wealth and education...
March 10, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275988/income-related-inequalities-in-diseases-and-health-conditions-over-the-business-cycle
#8
Tinna Laufey Ásgeirsdóttir, Hildur Margrét Jóhannsdóttir
How business cycles affect income-related distribution of diseases and health disorders is largely unknown. We examine how the prevalence of thirty diseases and health conditions is distributed across the income spectrum using survey data collected in Iceland in 2007, 2009 and 2012. Thus, we are able to take advantage of the unusually sharp changes in economic conditions in Iceland during the Great Recession initiated in 2008 and the partial recovery that had already taken place by 2012 to analyze how income-related health inequality changed across time periods that can be described as a boom, crisis and recovery...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275671/data-on-motivational-factors-of-the-medical-and-nursing-staff-of-a-greek-public-regional-general-hospital-during-the-economic-crisis
#9
Marianna Charalambous, Mitosis Konstantinos, Michael A Talias
In this article, we present the data related to motivational factors given by the medical (n=118) and nursing (n=217) staff, of a Greek Public General Hospital during a period of financial austerity. The data collection has been based on a structured self-administrable questionnaire which was used in a previous survey in Cyprus (Chatzicharalambous, 2015) [1]. The incentives-rewards included amount in a total to 11 (both financial and non-financial). The data contains 4 parts: (1) demographics, (2) assessment of the degree to which this hospital provided such incentives-rewards, (3) personal assessment of the participants about the significance of these incentive-rewards and (4) to what extent these incentives-rewards have increased or decreased over the last five years due to the economic crisis...
April 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274600/-sharing-one-s-destiny-effects-of-austerity-on-migrant-health-provisioning-in-the-mediterranean-borderlands
#10
Megan A Carney
Italy has been on the frontlines of the European Union's "migration crisis," intercepting hundreds of thousands of migrants and asylum-seekers at sea and on its shores. Yet it has lacked adequate resources to ensure humane reception, as other forms of welfare state provisioning have also been rolled back through recent and ongoing austerity measures enforced by the EU and the IMF. While Italians face fewer employment opportunities, lower pensions, and higher taxes, migrants of precarious legal status and asylum-seekers struggle to navigate the weakened bureaucratic apparatus of the Italian state, including the health system...
March 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264688/socio-economic-factors-linked-with-mental-health-during-the-recession-a-multilevel-analysis
#11
Isabel Ruiz-Pérez, Clara Bermúdez-Tamayo, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco
BACKGROUND: Periods of financial crisis are associated with higher psychological stress among the population and greater use of mental health services. The objective is to analyse contextual factors associated with mental health among the Spanish population during the recession. METHODOLOGY: Cross-sectional, descriptive study of two periods: before the recession (2006) and after therecession (2011-2012). The study population comprised individuals aged 16+ years old, polled for the National Health Survey...
March 6, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246379/the-antibiotic-resistance-crisis-with-a-focus-on-the-united-states
#12
REVIEW
Evan Martens, Arnold L Demain
Beginning with the discovery of penicillin by Alexander Fleming in the late 1920s, antibiotics have revolutionized the field of medicine. They have saved millions of lives each year, alleviated pain and suffering, and have even been used prophylactically for the prevention of infectious diseases. However, we have now reached a crisis where many antibiotics are no longer effective against even the simplest infections. Such infections often result in an increased number of hospitalizations, more treatment failures and the persistence of drug-resistant pathogens...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238615/suicide-unemployment-and-economic-recession-in-spain
#13
Celso Iglesias-García, Pilar A Sáiz, Patricia Burón, Fernando Sánchez-Lasheras, Luis Jiménez-Treviño, Sergio Fernández-Artamendi, Susana Al-Halabí, Paul Corcoran, M Paz García-Portilla, Julio Bobes
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present work is to determine the association between unemployment and suicide, and to investigate whether this association is affected by changes in the economic cycle or other variables such as age and sex. METHODS: A time-trend analysis was conducted to study changes in the number of suicides between 1999 and 2013 in Spain. Pearson's correlation coefficients and regression models were used to find the association between unemployment and suicide...
February 23, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238540/structural-adjustment-and-health-a-conceptual-framework-and-evidence-on-pathways
#14
Alexander E Kentikelenis
Economic reform programs designed by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank-so-called 'structural adjustment programs'-have formed one of the most influential policy agendas of the past four decades. To gain access to financial support from these organizations, countries-often in economic crisis-have reduced public spending, limited the role of the state, and deregulated economic activity. This article identifies the multiple components of structural adjustment, and presents a conceptual framework linking them to health systems and outcomes...
February 23, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238456/ethical-issues-in-dialysis-therapy
#15
Vivekanand Jha, Dominique E Martin, Joanne M Bargman, Simon Davies, John Feehally, Fred Finkelstein, David Harris, Madhukar Misra, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Adeera Levin
Treatment for end-stage kidney disease is a major economic challenge and a public health concern worldwide. Renal-replacement therapy poses several practical and ethical dilemmas of global relevance for patients, clinicians, and policy makers. These include how to: promote patients' best interests; increase access to dialysis while maintaining procedural and distributive justice; minimise the influence of financial incentives and competing interests; ensure quality of care in service delivery and access to non-dialytic supportive care when needed; minimise the financial burden on patients and health-care system; and protect the interests of vulnerable groups during crisis situations...
February 23, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229184/harmful-drinking-after-job-loss-a-stronger-association-during-the-post-2008-economic-crisis
#16
Moniek C M de Goeij, Jan-Willem Bruggink, Ferdy Otten, Anton E Kunst
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated, among the Dutch working population, whether job loss during the post-2008 economic crisis is associated with harmful drinking and whether this association is stronger than before the crisis. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional data from the Dutch Health Interview Survey 2004-2013 were used to define episodic drinking (≥6 glasses on 1 day ≥1/week) and chronic drinking (≥14 glasses/week for women and ≥21 for men). These data were linked to longitudinal data from tax registries, to measure the experience and duration of job loss during a 5-year working history...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220588/dental-care-coverage-and-income-related-inequalities-in-foregone-dental-care-in-europe-during-the-great-recession
#17
Jon Ivar Elstad
OBJECTIVES: This study examines income inequalities in foregone dental care in 23 European countries during the years with global economic crisis. Associations between dental care coverage from public health budgets or social insurance, and income-related inequalities in perceived access to dental care, are analysed. METHODS: Survey data 2008-2013 from 23 countries were combined with country data on macro-economic conditions and coverage for dental care. Foregone dental care was defined as self-reported abstentions from needed dental care because of costs or other crisis-related reasons...
February 21, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216110/the-current-global-state-of-key-lifestyle-characteristics-health-and-economic-implications
#18
REVIEW
Ross Arena, Amy McNeil, Michael Sagner, Andrew P Hills
The chronic disease crisis we currently face must be addressed in rapid fashion. Cardiovascular (CV) and pulmonary diseases, diabetes as well as several forms of cancer are leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally. Collectively, these conditions have a significant impact on the quality of life of individuals, families and communities, placing an unsustainable burden on health systems. There is hope for the chronic disease crisis in that these conditions are largely preventable or can be delayed to much later in life through a timeless medicine, healthy living...
February 16, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215794/the-spatiotemporal-variation-analysis-of-virtual-water-for-agriculture-and-livestock-husbandry-a-study-for-jilin-province-in-china
#19
Xiaolei Ma, Yanji Ma
With the rapid development of economic, water crisis is becoming more and more serious and would be an important obstacle to the sustainable development of society. Virtual water theory and its applications in agriculture can provide important strategies for realizing the reasonable utilization and sustainable development of water resources. Using the Penman-Monteith model and Theil index combining the CROPWAT software, this work takes Jilin Province as study area quantifying the virtual water content of agriculture and livestock husbandry and giving a comprehensive evaluation of their spatiotemporal structure evolution...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206984/-sex-differences-of-perceived-health-before-and-during-the-economic-crisis-2007-and-2011-spain
#20
Silvia Calzón Fernández, Alberto Fernández Ajuria, María Puerto López Del Amo González, José Jesús Martín Martín
OBJECTIVE: Several studies show the association between economic crises, unemployment and health income. However, it is necessary to differentiate their impact according to gender. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect that the economic crisis, unemployment and income may have had on the perceived health of men and women in Spain. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted combining data from the 2007 and 2011 Living Conditions Surveys, which collect data from 43,900 adult individuals up to 65 years of age...
February 16, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
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