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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805156/socioeconomic-crisis-and-aggressive-behaviour-of-greek-adolescents
#1
Helen Lazaratou, Zacharias Kalogerakis, Marina Economou, Kiriakos Xenitidis
BACKGROUND: Aggressive behaviours are common during adolescence. In Greece, adolescents and their families experience a severe and enduring recession with potentially adverse impact on mental health. AIM: This study aimed to examine the correlation between adolescents' aggressive behaviour and economic factors. METHODS: The Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ) was used to measure aggression. Reduction in pocket money and three items of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale were used to measure material deprivation as a result of the economic crisis...
September 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800783/bioprospecting-saline-gradient-of-a-wildlife-sanctuary-for-bacterial-diversity-and-antimicrobial-activities
#2
Mara DeLuca, Riley King, Mustafa Morsy
OBJECTIVE: Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are becoming a global crisis, causing death of thousands of people and significant economic impact. The discovery of novel antibiotics is crucial to saving lives and reducing healthcare costs. To address the antibiotic-resistant crisis, in collaboration the Small World Initiative, which aims to crowdsource novel antibiotic discovery, this study aimed to identify antimicrobial producing bacteria and bacterial diversity in the soil of the Stimpson Wildlife Sanctuary, an inland area with a soil salt gradient...
August 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799008/surgical-resources-in-south-africa-an-international-comparison-and-deficit-calculation
#3
A J Dell, D Kahn
BACKGROUND: Surgical conditions lead to premature death and disability resulting in a massive economic burden. Contributing to this global crisis is the lack of data on the limited surgical infrastructure and workforce in many low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: This study involved a descriptive analysis of surgical resources in South Africa and included the total number of hospitals, number of hospital beds, number of surgical beds, number of general surgeons, and the number of functional operating theatres...
August 10, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791284/overfat-adults-and-children-in-developed-countries-the-public-health-importance-of-identifying-excess-body-fat
#4
Philip B Maffetone, Ivan Rivera-Dominguez, Paul B Laursen
The global overfat pandemic is a serious public health crisis that places a substantial burden on economic resources in developed countries. The term overfat refers to the presence of excess body fat that can impair health, even for normal weight non-obese individuals. Excess body fat is associated with cardiometabolic dysfunction, a clinical situation that can progressively worsen, potentially leading to various common disease risk factors, chronic diseases, increased morbidity and mortality, and reduced quality of life...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790946/economic-recession-affects-gambling-participation-but-not-problematic-gambling-results-from-a-population-based-follow-up-study
#5
Daniel T Olason, Tobias Hayer, Gerhard Meyer, Tim Brosowski
In October 2008, Iceland experienced the fastest and deepest financial crisis recorded in modern times when all three major banks went bankrupt in less than 2 weeks. The purpose of this follow-up study is to examine potential changes in participation in 12 different gambling types and in problem gambling before (time 1; year 2007) and after (time 2; year 2011) the economic collapse in 2008. The time between the first and second wave of data collection was 3.5 years. In total, 1,531 participants took part in the study, 688 males and 843 females...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781719/between-accommodating-and-activating-framing-policy-reforms-in-response-to-workforce-aging-across-europe
#6
Anne C Kroon, Rens Vliegenthart, Martine van Selm
In the past decade, European governments have implemented activating policy reforms to maximize older workers' employment and employability, representing a paradigmatic change in approaches to work and retirement. This study isolates the factors that explain the relative success and failure of competitive frames that are either in favor of or against activating policies in European news coverage, by applying time-series analysis (ordinary least squares with panel-corrected standard errors) to monthly aggregated news coverage in the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Denmark, and Spain over the timespan 2006-2013...
July 2017: International Journal of Press/politics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776490/global-distributions-and-strain-diversity-of-avian-infectious-bronchitis-virus-a-review
#7
Faruku Bande, Siti Suri Arshad, Abdul Rahman Omar, Mohd Hair-Bejo, Aliyu Mahmuda, Venugopal Nair
The poultry industry faces challenge amidst global food security crisis. Infectious bronchitis is one of the most important viral infections that cause huge economic loss to the poultry industry worldwide. The causative agent, infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is an RNA virus with great ability for mutation and recombination; thus, capable of generating new virus strains that are difficult to control. There are many IBV strains found worldwide, including the Massachusetts, 4/91, D274, and QX-like strains that can be grouped under the classic or variant serotypes...
June 2017: Animal Health Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765486/peripheral-hepatojejunostomy-a-last-resort-palliative-solution-in-greece-during-the-economic-crisis
#8
Georgios C Sotiropoulos, Eleftherios Spartalis, Nikolaos Machairas, Gregory Kouraklis
The geographical distribution of Greece and the growing proportion of uninsured patients make imperative the need for effective and efficient palliative solutions regarding obstructive jaundice due to hepatic malignancy, while repeated endoscopic interventions and all associated materials are either not accessible to the whole population or not even available on a daily basis due to the economic crisis and the difficulties on the hospital supply. On this basis, palliative hepatojejunostomy, introduced more than 50 years ago, could be revisited in the Greek reality in very selected cases and under these special circumstances...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758195/the-impact-of-traditionality-modernity-on-identification-and-calculus-based-trust
#9
Na Zhao, Yuanyuan Shi, Ziqiang Xin, Jianxin Zhang
We conducted three studies to explore how trust is perceived, displayed or changed by participants in China, which as a country has undergone substantial cultural and historical transition. Traditionality showed a significant positive correlation with identification-based trust (IBT) and modernity was significantly associated with calculus-based trust (CBT; Study 1). Compared to those primed with modern Chinese culture stimuli, participants primed with traditional icons exhibited a higher level of IBT and a lower level of CBT (Study 2)...
July 30, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749885/good-nursing-is-good-antibiotic-stewardship
#10
Rita D Olans, Richard N Olans, David J Witt
: Resistance to antibiotics has increased dramatically in the United States, with serious associated medical, social, and economic consequences. The most promising approach to this national crisis is a new understanding of the need for the careful and responsible use of antibiotics, both for the benefit of society and for the optimal care of each patient. This multidisciplinary approach, called antimicrobial stewardship, has typically involved specialists but not necessarily nurses, who perform numerous antibiotic-related activities daily and should be an integral part of antimicrobial stewardship programs...
August 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746007/learning-and-doing-working-with-fromm-and-applying-what-i-learned
#11
Michael Maccoby
From 1960 to 1970 Erich Fromm was my teacher, analyst, and colleague. For the next ten years, we regularly corresponded about our work and views of public policy. As my analyst, Fromm had strengths and weaknesses. He influenced my research and practice on leadership and on transforming organizations to further both productivity and human development. His concepts can help us understand the current global political and cultural crisis that, while rooted in profound historic social, economic, and technological change, calls for depth psychological insights...
August 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735773/today-s-fentanyl-crisis-prohibition-s-iron-law-revisited
#12
Leo Beletsky, Corey S Davis
More than a decade in the making, America's opioid crisis has morphed from being driven by prescription drugs to one fuelled by heroin and, increasingly, fentanyl. Drawing on historical lessons of the era of National Alcohol Prohibition highlights the unintended, but predictable impact of supply-side interventions on the dynamics of illicit drug markets. Under the Iron Law of Prohibition, efforts to interrupt and suppress the illicit drug supply produce economic and logistical pressures favouring ever-more compact substitutes...
June 26, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731001/economic-and-social-impact-of-out-of-pocket-expenditure-on-households-of-patients-attending-public-hospitals
#13
Vikas Bajpai, Namrata Singh, Hardik Sardana, Sanjana Kumari, Beth Vettiyil, Anoop Saraya
BACKGROUND: We aimed to generate evidence on the social and economic impact of out-of-pocket expenses incurred by households on illness. METHODS: We did a hospital-based cross-sectional study including a convenience sample of 374 inpatients and outpatients. RESULTS: The median illness expenditure was the same (₹62 500) for inpatients and outpatients. Of all respondents, 51.3% among the rural and 65.5% among the urban patients were employed before illness, but after illness only 24...
January 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723995/the-alma-ata-decade-the-crisis-of-development-and-international-health
#14
Fernando Antônio Pires-Alves, Marcos Cueto
The paper analyzes formulations in the area of international health at the time of the International Conference on Primary Health Care, held in Alma Ata, Kazakhstan, in 1978. It is set within the context of the broader debate on development and international cooperation throughout the 1970s. Three sets of concepts and prescriptive formulations were examined namely: the New International Economic Order (NIEO), the Dag Hammarskjöld Report (DHR) and the Basic Human Needs Approach (BHN). They were compared with the proposals in documents from the World Health Organization and in the statements from Halfdan Mahler, its director...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722213/countering-resistance-to-protected-area-extension
#15
David Lindenmayer, Simon Thorn, Reed Noss
The establishment of protected areas is a critical strategy for conserving biodiversity. Key policy directives like the Aichi targets seek to expand protected areas to 17% of the earth's land surface, with calls by some conservation biologists for much more. However, in places such as the USA, Germany and Australia, attempts to increase protected areas are meeting strong resistance from communities, industry groups, and governments. Here we provide case studies of such resistance and suggest four ways to tackle this problem: (1) Broaden the case for protected areas beyond just nature conservation, to include the economic, human health, and other benefits, and translate these into a persuasive business case for protected areas...
July 19, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711284/financialisation-in-health-care-an-analysis-of-private-equity-fund-investments-in-turkey
#16
Ipek Eren Vural
The 2007-2008 global financial crisis revived interest in the impacts of financial markets and actors on our social and economic life. Nevertheless, research on health care financialisation remains scant. This article presents findings from research on one modality of financial investments in health care: global private equity funds' investments in private hospitals. Adopting a political economy approach, it analyses the drivers and impacts of the upsurge of global private equity investments in the Turkish private hospital sector amid the global financial crisis...
June 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711011/an-overview-of-the-challenges-facing-death-investigation-systems-in-certain-resource-limited-countries
#17
REVIEW
Ken Obenson, George Enow Orock
A properly operated death investigation system (DIS) serves multiple stakeholders. Law enforcement, public health departments and members of the public, benefit in various ways from the information that it provides. This information must be collected systematically and efficiently. The system must also be flexible enough to respond to pressures on its resources such as occurs during mass disasters. These obligations on a DIS require an investment of public money. However even in affluent Western countries the recent world economic crisis has led to a cut in spending on public services that affect both the healthcare system and services associated with death investigation...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705355/growing-educational-differentials-in-the-retreat-from-marriage-among-korean-men
#18
Hyunjoon Park, Jae Kyung Lee
Applying discrete-time hazard models to person-year data constructed from 1% microdata sample of 2010 Korean Census, we explore how men's education affects their transition to first marriage, and how the relationship between education and marriage has changed across three 10-year birth cohorts of Korean men born from 1946 to 1975. Drawing on Oppenheimer's theory of marriage and review of changing educational and economic contexts of Korean men, we develop a hypothesis on growing educational differentials in marriage...
August 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698249/pd-vs-hd-in-post-economic-crisis-greece-differences-in-patient-characteristics-and-estimation-of-therapy-cost
#19
Marilena Koukou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate patient characteristics and make an estimation of the cost of peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) on Greek society during the economic crisis. METHODS: We recorded the characteristics and the total cost of dialysis treatment in 100 patients on PD and 100 on HD. Total cost included dialysis procedure, consumables, drugs, laboratory tests, food, and transportation fees (only HD) and were covered by patients' insurance...
July 11, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696434/when-should-governments-increase-the-supply-of-psychiatric-beds
#20
S Allison, T Bastiampillai, J Licinio, D A Fuller, N Bidargaddi, S S Sharfstein
Low numbers of hospital-based psychiatric beds create problems for people with severe mental illness (SMI), when they face extended emergency department (ED) waits, higher thresholds for admission to an acute bed, and short revolving-door stays with high rates of rehospitalisation. Limited access to inpatient treatment has been associated with higher suicide risk, premature mortality, homelessness, violent crime and incarceration. Ultimately, people with SMI can be transinstitutionalised to the criminal justice system...
July 11, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
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