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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785319/a-multi-faceted-pandemic-a-review-of-the-state-of-knowledge-on-the-zika-virus
#1
REVIEW
Anneliese Depoux, Aline Philibert, Serge Rabier, Henri-Jean Philippe, Arnaud Fontanet, Antoine Flahault
While until recently the small and isolated Zika outbreaks in Eastern Asia and Pacific islands had been overlooked, the large-scale outbreak that started in Brazil in 2015 and the increase of microcephaly cases in the same place and time made media headlines. Considered as harmless until recently, Zika has given rise to an important global crisis that poses not only health challenges but also environmental, economical, social, and ethical challenges for states and people around the world. The main objective of this paper is to review the recent Zika outbreak by covering a broad range of disciplines and their interactions...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782952/the-snakebite-problem-and-antivenom-crisis-from-a-health-economic-perspective
#2
Abdulrazaq G Habib, Nicholas I Brown
The scourge of snakebite has been well documented but largely ignored by the global health community for several decades, especially the role that economics has played in causing and exacerbating this crisis. Every year millions of people in low and middle-income countries face death, disability and disadvantage from snakebite envenoming (SBE) without access to appropriate treatment. Health-economic factors pervade every aspect of this neglected problem. A multitude of financial and commercial factors helped to cause, and now perpetuate, shortages of high quality, affordable and region-appropriate antivenom in areas where they are most needed...
May 18, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777938/austrian-firearm-legislation-and-its-effects-on-suicide-and-homicide-mortality-a-natural-quasi-experiment-amidst-the-global-economic-crisis
#3
Daniel König, Patrick Swoboda, Robert J Cramer, Christoph Krall, Vita Postuvan, Nestor D Kapusta
BACKGROUND: Restriction of access to suicide methods has been shown to effectively reduce suicide mortality rates. AIMS: To examine how the global economic crisis of 2008 and the firearm legislation reform of 1997 affected suicide and homicide mortality rate within Austria. METHODS: Official data for the years 1985-2016 for firearm certificates, suicide, homicide, unemployment rates and alcohol consumption were examined using auto regressive error and Poisson regression models...
May 16, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772529/microbial-bio-fuels-a-solution-to-carbon-emissions-and-energy-crisis
#4
Arun Kumar, Sumit Kaushal, Shubhini A Saraf, Jay Shankar Singh
Increasing energy demand, limited fossil fuel resources and climate change have prompted development of alternative sustainable and economical fuel resources such as crop-based bio-ethanol and bio-diesel. However, there is concern over use of arable land that is used for food agriculture for creation of biofuel. Thus, there is a renewed interest in the use of microbes particularly microalgae for bio-fuel production. Microbes such as micro-algae and cyanobacteria that are used for biofuel production also produce other bioactive compounds under stressed conditions...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770727/a-survival-analysis-of-the-last-great-european-plagues-the-case-of-nonantola-northern-italy-in-1630
#5
Guido Alfani, Marco Bonetti
This paper develops the first survival analysis of a large-scale mortality crisis caused by plague. For the time-to-event analyses we used the Cox proportional hazards regression model. Our case study is the town of Nonantola during the 1630 plague, which was probably the worst to affect Italy since the Black Death. Individual risk of death did not depend on sex, grew with age (peaking at ages 40-60 and then declining), was not affected by socio-economic status, and was positively associated with household size...
May 17, 2018: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768607/-the-medicalization-of-life-hybrids-against-the-dichotomy-nature-culture
#6
Anahi Sy
This paper aims to analyze the process of medicalization in current societies, starting from the description of the way in which medicine gradually appropriated various aspects of everyday life that were once part of the life cycle of people. At the theoretical level, we are based on authors such as Descola and Latour, who problematize the dichotomy between Nature and Culture, and propose the need to think from a superior episteme. Methodologically, this theoretical proposal enables an analysis of the medicalization that can illuminate what is hidden in the discourse and biomedical practices: the sociocultural, political and economic processes that are part of these "objects" of Medicine...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754116/criminality-in-greece-during-the-years-of-financial-crisis-2008-2014
#7
G Tsouvelas, G Konstantakopoulos, A Vakirtzis, O Giotakos, T Papaslanis, V Kontaxakis
The link between poverty, unemployment and economic downturns and increases in crime rates has long been the subject of social science study. However, the relationships between these phenomena has not been studied sufficiently and through time in most European countries that suffered, or, like Greece, are still suffering the recent financial crisis. We examined if the recent financial crisis in Greece has coincided with an increase in crime, analyzing crime rates since the start of the financial crisis and over an extensive time period (7 years)...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748944/smoking-behaviour-and-patterns-among-university-students-during-the-syrian-crisis
#8
Amr Idris, Tareq Al Saadi, Tarek Turk, Mahmoud Alkhatib, Mohammed Zakaria, Bisher Sawaf, Basel Edris
Background: The ongoing Syrian war has resulted in many changes in the social and economic life of Syrians. To date, no study has documented the relationship between smoking behaviour and the war. Aim: To determine the prevalence of cigarette smoking among university students during the crisis in Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic, and the impact of the war on smoking behaviour. Methods: We conducted an anonymous online cross-sectional survey of 1027 undergraduate students from all years and colleges at Damascus University...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740510/the-coming-economic-world-crisis
#9
EDITORIAL
James I Ausman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737615/substance-use-and-population-life-expectancy-in-the-usa-interactions-with-health-inequalities-and-implications-for-policy
#10
Sameer Imtiaz, Charlotte Probst, Jürgen Rehm
Life expectancy at birth for the USA has not increased in recent years. This commentary assesses the impact of substance use on this phenomenon. Although crude mortality rates of the most important causes of death (such as cardiovascular diseases or cancer) have declined between 2010 and 2014, crude mortality rates of drug- and alcohol-induced causes of death have increased. Alcohol use, non-medical prescription drug use (especially prescription opioid use) and illicit drug use have likely played a crucial role in life expectancy trends of the past years...
April 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735382/evidence-based-nonpharmacologic-strategies-for-comprehensive-pain-care-the-consortium-pain-task-force-white-paper
#11
Heather Tick, Arya Nielsen, Kenneth R Pelletier, Robert Bonakdar, Samantha Simmons, Ronald Glick, Emily Ratner, Russell L Lemmon, Peter Wayne, Veronica Zador
Consortium Pain Taskforce White Paper Summary Evidence-based Nonpharmacologic Strategies for Comprehensive Pain Care Supplementary information can be found in the online version at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2018.02.001. Medical pain management is in crisis; from the pervasiveness of pain to inadequate pain treatment, from the escalation of prescription opioids to an epidemic in addiction, diversion and overdose deaths. The rising costs of pain care and managing adverse effects of that care have prompted action from state and federal agencies including the DOD, VHA, NIH, FDA and CDC...
March 1, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733233/meth-mouth-white-trash-and-the-pseudo-racialization-of-methamphetamine-use-in-the-u-s
#12
Jeffery Chaichana Peterson, Aline Gubrium, Alice Fiddian-Green
Drug scares have historically been created for a range of purposes and with a variety of effects in the United States. Moral panics evoked by these drug scares either support or challenge dominant American ideas about race, economics, and society. In the present study, we examined newspaper accounts of methamphetamine use in the Inland Pacific Northwest of the United States in an effort to understand how the "reality" of the "meth epidemic" is socially constructed in a "meth hotspot," and reflect upon the ways that the discourse of Whiteness intersects with this construction...
May 7, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728962/study-on-lipid-accumulation-in-novel-oleaginous-yeast-naganishia-liquefaciens-nitts2-utilizing-pre-digested-municipal-waste-activated-sludge-a-low-cost-feedstock-for-biodiesel-production
#13
P Selvakumar, P Sivashanmugam
The economical production of lipids is considered as an appropriate renewable alternative feedstock for biodiesel production because of the contemporary concerns on fuel crisis, climate change and food security. In this study, lipid accumulation potential of a novel oleaginous yeast isolate Naganishia liquefaciens NITTS2 by utilizing pre-digested municipal waste activated sludge (PWAS) was explored. Optimization of culture conditions was performed using response surface methodology coupled with genetic algorithm and maximum lipid content of 55...
May 5, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704903/when-natural-disaster-follows-economic-downturn-the-incremental-impact-of-multiple-stressor-events-on-trajectories-of-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#14
Amar D Mandavia, George A Bonanno
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there were incremental mental health impacts, specifically on depression trajectories, as a result of the 2008 economic crisis (the Great Recession) and subsequent Hurricane Sandy. METHOD: Using latent growth mixture modeling and the ORANJ BOWL dataset, we examined prospective trajectories of depression among older adults (mean age, 60.67; SD, 6.86) who were exposed to the 2 events. We also collected community economic and criminal justice data to examine their impact upon depression trajectories...
April 29, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695891/veto-player-theory-and-reform-making-in-western-europe
#15
Mariyana Angelova, Hanna Bäck, Wolfgang C Müller, Daniel Strobl
Veto player theory generates predictions about governments' capacity for policy change. Due to the difficulty of identifying significant laws needed to change the policy status quo, evidence about governments' ability to change policy has been mostly provided for a limited number of reforms and single-country studies. To evaluate the predictive power of veto player theory for policy making across time, policy areas and countries, a dataset was gathered that incorporates about 5,600 important government reform measures in the areas of social, labour, economic and taxation policy undertaken in 13 Western European countries from the mid-1980s until the mid-2000s...
May 2018: European Journal of Political Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690533/snakebite-when-the-human-touch-becomes-a-bad-touch
#16
REVIEW
Bryan G Fry
Many issues and complications in treating snakebite are a result of poor human social, economic and clinical intervention and management. As such, there is scope for significant improvements for reducing incidence and increasing patient outcomes. Snakes do not target humans as prey, but as our dwellings and farms expand ever farther and climate change increases snake activity periods, accidental encounters with snakes seeking water and prey increase drastically. Despite its long history, the snakebite crisis is neglected, ignored, underestimated and fundamentally misunderstood...
April 21, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676501/the-canary-in-the-coal-mine-continence-care-for-people-with-dementia-in-acute-hospital-wards-as-a-crisis-of-dehumanization
#17
Paula Boddington, Katie Featherstone
Continence is a key moment of care that can tell us about the wider care of people living with dementia within acute hospital wards. The spotlight is currently on the quality of hospital care of older people across the UK, yet concerns persist about their poor treatment, neglect, abuse, and discrimination within this setting. Thus, within hospitals, the care of people living with dementia is both a welfare issue and a human rights issue. The challenge of continence care for people living with dementia can be seen as the 'canary in the coal mine' for the unravelling of dignity within the acute setting...
May 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669608/assessment-of-behavioral-health-concerns-in-the-community-affected-by-the-flint-water-crisis-michigan-usa-2016
#18
Gamola Z Fortenberry, Patricia Reynolds, Sherry L Burrer, Vicki Johnson-Lawrence, Alice Wang, Amy Schnall, Price Pullins, Stephanie Kieszak, Tesfaye Bayleyegn, Amy Wolkin
OBJECTIVES: The Flint Community Resilience Group (Flint, Michigan USA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC; Atlanta, Georgia USA) assessed behavioral health concerns among community members to determine the impact of lead contamination of the Flint, Michigan water supply. METHODS: A Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) was conducted from May 17 through May 19, 2016 using a multi-stage cluster sampling design to select households and individuals to interview...
April 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665218/simplified-perovskite-solar-cell-with-4-1-efficiency-employing-inorganic-cspbbr-3-as-light-absorber
#19
Jialong Duan, Yuanyuan Zhao, Benlin He, Qunwei Tang
Perovskite solar cells with cost-effectiveness, high power conversion efficiency, and improved stability are promising solutions to the energy crisis and environmental pollution. However, a wide-bandgap inorganic-semiconductor electron-transporting layer such as TiO2 can harvest ultraviolet light to photodegrade perovskite halides, and the high cost of a state-of-the-art hole-transporting layer is an economic burden for commercialization. Here, the building of a simplified cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr3 ) perovskite solar cell with fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO)/CsPbBr3 /carbon architecture by a multistep solution-processed deposition technology is demonstrated, achieving an efficiency as high as 4...
April 17, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665174/a-managed-alcohol-program-in-sydney-australia-acceptability-cost-savings-and-non-beverage-alcohol-use
#20
Nadine Ezard, Michael E Cecilio, Brendan Clifford, Eileen Baldry, Lucy Burns, Carolyn A Day, Marian Shanahan, Kate Dolan
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Managed alcohol programs (MAPs) are a novel harm reduction intervention for people who experience long-term homelessness and severe long-term alcohol dependence. MAPs provide regulated amounts of alcohol onsite under supervision. Preliminary international evidence suggests that MAPs are associated with improvements such as reduced non-beverage alcohol consumption and decreases in some alcohol-related harms. There are currently no MAPs in Australia. We aimed to assess the feasibility of a MAP in inner-Sydney...
April 17, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
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