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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655093/-long-term-follow-up-of-multiple-myeloma-after-autologous-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-single-center-results
#1
W W Sui, D H Zou, G An, S H Yi, S H Deng, W Y Huang, T Y Wang, J Li, H Liu, M W Fu, R Lyu, W Liu, Y Xu, Z J Li, Y Z Zhao, L G Qiu
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and long-term outcome of a combined protocol for multiple myeloma (MM) , including induction therapy, autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) and consolidation and maintenance therapy. Methods: Clinical records of 144 patients with MM from January 1, 2005 to February 1, 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The overall response rate (ORR) after ASCT was 100.0%, in which the complete remission (CR) was 64.1% and the best treatment response rate of superior to PR was 89...
June 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655015/effect-of-acupuncture-and-clomiphene-in-chinese-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Xiao-Ke Wu, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Hong-Ying Kuang, Hong-Li Ma, Jing-Shu Gao, Liang-Zhen Xie, Li-Hui Hou, Zhen-Xing Hu, Xiao-Guang Shao, Jun Ge, Jin-Feng Zhang, Hui-Ying Xue, Xiao-Feng Xu, Rui-Ning Liang, Hong-Xia Ma, Hong-Wei Yang, Wei-Li Li, Dong-Mei Huang, Yun Sun, Cui-Fang Hao, Shao-Min Du, Zheng-Wang Yang, Xin Wang, Ying Yan, Xiu-Hua Chen, Ping Fu, Cai-Fei Ding, Ya-Qin Gao, Zhong-Ming Zhou, Chi Chiu Wang, Tai-Xiang Wu, Jian-Ping Liu, Ernest H Y Ng, Richard S Legro, Heping Zhang
Importance: Acupuncture is used to induce ovulation in some women with polycystic ovary syndrome, without supporting clinical evidence. Objective: To assess whether active acupuncture, either alone or combined with clomiphene, increases the likelihood of live births among women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Design, Setting, and Participants: A double-blind (clomiphene vs placebo), single-blind (active vs control acupuncture) factorial trial was conducted at 21 sites (27 hospitals) in mainland China between July 6, 2012, and November 18, 2014, with 10 months of pregnancy follow-up until October 7, 2015...
June 27, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654105/facile-detection-of-glucose-in-human-serum-employing-silver-ion-guided-surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-signal-amplification
#3
Cuicui Fu, Sila Jin, Joohee Oh, Shuping Xu, Young Mee Jung
A facile surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) sensor based on a silver-ion-mediated amplification effect was designed for the determination of glucose concentration. In this approach, 4-aminothiophenol (4-ATP) molecules assembled on the surface of a gold wafer (Au wafer@4-ATP) act not only as Raman tags but also as linkage agents. Silver nanoparticles marked with cysteamine (AgNP@cys) were used as the SERS enhancement components because they could be bound to the Au wafer@4-ATP in the presence of silver ions through the formation of N → Ag(+) ← N coordination compounds...
June 27, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653157/computational-analysis-on-down-regulated-images-of-macrophage-scavenger-receptor
#4
Byeongtaek Oh, Yugyung Lee, Mingui Fu, Chi H Lee
BACKGROUND: Thiolated-graphene quantum dots (SH-GQDs) were developed and assessed for an efficient preventive means against atherosclerosis and potential toxicity through computational image analysis and animal model studies. EXPERIMENTS: Zebrafish (wild-type, wt) were used for evaluation of toxicity through the assessment of embryonic mortality, malformation and ROS generation. The amounts of SH-GQDs uptaken by mouse macrophage cells (Raw264.7) were analyzed using a flow cytometer...
June 26, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652779/accelerated-or-hyperfractionated-radiotherapy-for-esophageal-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Yingyu Liu, Changgui Kou, Yingying Su, Yangyu Zhang, Yueyue You, Lili Zhang, Mohan Wang, Yingli Fu, Xiaojun Ren, Yanming Yang
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of modified (accelerated and/or hyperfractionated) radiotherapy in the treatment of esophageal carcinoma, compared with conventional radiotherapy. METHODS: Studies published in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CBM, VIP, CNKI and Wanfang databases in the most recent two decades were searched for use in this meta-analysis. Only randomized controlled trials were included. The heterogeneity analysis and calculation of the pooled odds ratio (OR) were performed using RevMan 5...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652707/development-of-new-promising-antimetabolite-dfp-11207-with-self-controlled-toxicity-in-rodents
#6
Masakazu Fukushima, Kenzo Iizuka, Cheng Jin, Chun Zhang, Mei Hong, Kiyoshi Eshima
To reduce 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-induced serious toxicities without loss of antitumor activity, we have developed DFP-11207, a novel fluoropyrimidine, which consists of 1-ethoxymethyl-5-fluorouracil (EM-FU; a precursor form of 5-FU), 5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyridine (CDHP; an inhibitor of 5-FU degradation), and citrazinic acid (CTA; an inhibitor of 5-FU phosphorylation). In vitro studies of DFP-11207 indicated that it strongly inhibited the degradation of 5-FU by dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) in homogenates of the rat liver, and also inhibited the phosphorylation of 5-FU by orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRT) in tumor tissues in a similar magnitude of potency by CDHP and CTA, respectively...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652576/a-microfluidic-chip-for-detecting-cholangiocarcinoma-cells-in-human-bile
#7
Lien-Yu Hung, Nai-Jung Chiang, Wei-Chun Tsai, Chien-Yu Fu, Yu-Chun Wang, Yan-Shen Shan, Gwo-Bin Lee
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a biliary tract malignancy, accounts for 20% of all liver cancers. There are several existing methods for diagnosis of CCA, though they are generally expensive, laborious, and suffer from low detection rates. Herein we first developed a means of partially purifying human bile for consequent injection into a microfluidic chip. Then, the novel microfluidic system, which featured 1) a cell capture module, 2) an immunofluorescence (IF) staining module featuring two CCA-specific biomarkers, and 3) an optical detection module for visualization of antibody probes bound to these CCA marker proteins, was used to detect bile duct cancer cells within partially purified bile samples...
June 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652279/pregabalin-for-the-prevention-of-oxaliplatin-induced-painful-neuropathy-a-randomized-double-blind-trial
#8
Daniel Ciampi de Andrade, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Ricardo Galhardoni, Karine S L Ferreira, Paula Braz Mileno, Nathalia Scisci, Alexandra Zandonai, William G J Teixeira, Daniel F Saragiotto, Valquíria Silva, Irina Raicher, Rubens Gisbert Cury, Ricardo Macarenco, Carlos Otto Heise, Mario Wilson Iervolino Brotto, Alberto Andrade de Mello, Marcelo Zini Megale, Luiz Henrique Curti Dourado, Luciana Mendes Bahia, Antonia Lilian Rodrigues, Daniella Parravano, Julia Tizue Fukushima, Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur, Didier Bouhassira, Evandro Sobroza, Rachel P Richelmann, Paulo M Hoff, Fernanda Valério da Silva, Thais Chile, Camila S Dale, Daniela Nebuloni, Luiz Senna, Helena Brentani, Rosana L Pagano, Ângela M de Souza
LESSONS LEARNED: Pregabalin is a medication that can decrease neuronal hyperexcitability, relieve neuropathic pain, and reach stable plasma levels after a titration period of only a few days.Its use during oxaliplatin infusions was not able to decrease the incidence of chronic, oxalipaltin-related neuropathic pain, compared with placebo. BACKGROUND: Patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) receiving oxaliplatin (OXA) develop acute and chronic painful oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy (OXAIPN)...
June 26, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650993/a-novel-potential-biomarker-for-metabolic-syndrome-in-chinese-adults-circulating-protein-disulfide-isomerase-family-a-member-4
#9
Chu-Yen Chien, Yi-Jen Hung, Yi-Shing Shieh, Chang-Hsun Hsieh, Chieh-Hua Lu, Fu-Huang Lin, Sheng-Chiang Su, Chien-Hsing Lee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) family members are specific endoplasmic reticulum proteins that are involved in the pathogenesis of numerous diseases including neurodegenerative diseases, cancer and obesity. However, the metabolic effects of PDIA4 remain unclear in humans. The aims of this study were to investigate the associations of serum PDIA4 with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in Chinese adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 669 adults (399 men and 270 women) were recruited...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649863/cytotoxic-triterpenoid-saponins-from-the-defatted-seeds-of-camellia-oleifera-abel
#10
Hui-Zheng Fu, Kai-Hua Wan, Qing-Wei Yan, Guo-Ping Zhou, Tong-Tong Feng, Mian Dai, Rui-Jian Zhong
Five new oleanane-type triterpenoid saponins, oleiferasaponins D1-D5 (1-5), were isolated from the defatted seeds of Camellia oleifera Abel. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic and chemical methods. The cytotoxic activities of compounds 1-5 were evaluated against five human tumor cell lines (HCT-116, HepG2, BGC-823, NCI-H1650, and A2780). Compounds 1-2 exhibited cytotoxic activity against five human cancer cell lines, with IC50 values ranging from 3.31 to 10.23 μM. Compounds 3-5 showed moderate cytotoxic activities toward the tested cell lines...
June 25, 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649643/molecular-stratification-of-early-breast-cancer-identifies-drug-targets-to-drive-stratified-medicine
#11
Jane Bayani, Cindy Q Yao, Mary Anne Quintayo, Fu Yan, Syed Haider, Alister D'Costa, Cassandra L Brookes, Cornelis J H van de Velde, Annette Hasenburg, Dirk G Kieback, Christos Markopoulos, Luc Dirix, Caroline Seynaeve, Daniel Rea, Paul C Boutros, John M S Bartlett
Many women with hormone receptor-positive early breast cancer can be managed effectively with endocrine therapies alone. However, additional systemic chemotherapy treatment is necessary for others. The clinical challenges in managing high-risk women are to identify existing and novel druggable targets, and to identify those who would benefit from these therapies. Therefore, we performed mRNA abundance analysis using the Tamoxifen and Exemestane Adjuvant Multinational (TEAM) trial pathology cohort to identify a signature of residual risk following endocrine therapy and pathways that are potentially druggable...
2017: NPJ Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648910/risk-of-aneurysm-residual-regrowth-recurrence-and-de-novo-aneurysm-formation-after-microsurgical-clip-occlusion-based-on-follow-up-with-catheter-angiography
#12
Jan-Karl Burkhardt, Michelle H J Chua, Miriam Weiss, Angelique Sao-Mai S Do, Ethan A Winkler, Michael T Lawton
INTRODUCTION: Established guidelines for radiologic surveillance after microsurgical treatment of intracranial aneurysms are lacking in the literature due to small sample size, poor definitions, and heterogeneous use of imaging modalities. We aimed to propose clinically meaningful definitions for postoperative aneurysm residual, recurrence, and de novo aneurysm formation and analyze our long-term follow-up (FU) catheter angiography results in patients with microsurgically treated intracranial aneurysms...
June 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647996/-curative-effects-and-influenced-factors-of-primary-chemotherapy-with-single-agent-methotrexate-on-low-risk-gestational-trophoblastic-neoplasia
#13
X D Wu, L L Chen, T Shen, S S Chen, Q Q Chen, J L Qin, Y F Fu, W G Lü
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of primary chemotherapy with single-agent methotrexate (MTX) for low-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia and to analysis the influenced factors. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 259 cases with low-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia whose primary chemotherapies were MTX 0.4 mg·kg(-1) (maximum 25 mg) daily for 5 days every other week. Patients' data between January 2001 and June 2015 was collected and the relationships of different factors to outcomes of chemotherapy were also evaluated...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647983/-spectrum-and-case-fatality-of-inpatients-with-malignant-tumors-from-1995-to-2014-in-shenzhen-city
#14
X B Wang, L C Hong, Y Z Wei, X Fu, X Q Bao, J Zhang, G Hu, S H Wu, J Q Cheng
Objective: To analyze the epidemiological features, spectrum and case fatality of malignant tumor patients in Shenzhen city, to provide evidence for the development of prevention and treatment strategies on malignant tumor in Shenzhen. Methods: All the hospitalized malignant tumor patients including deaths, were monitored from 1995 to 2014 in Shenzhen, and data was analyzed by SPSS 20.0 software. Results: There were 160 988 inpatients of malignant tumors between 1995 and 2014 in Shenzhen. The top three hospitalized tumors were lung (13...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647825/contribution-characteristics-of-the-in-situ-extracellular-polymeric-substances-eps-in-phanerochaete-chrysosporium-to-pb-immobilization
#15
Ningjie Li, Xuehong Zhang, Dunqiu Wang, Yan Cheng, Lei Wu, Linbo Fu
White rot fungi have been extensively reported to have strong adsorption capacity to heavy metal ions, whereas the knowledge of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) from the fungus has been rarely involved. In this study, the contribution characteristics of 'the in situ EPS in Phanerochaete chrysosporium to Pb immobilization were investigated. First of all, the component and amount of EPS were investigated. It was found that the main component of EPS was carbohydrates, and highest EPS amount was produced at 5 days...
June 24, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646338/chemotherapy-induced-gastrointestinal-toxicity-is-associated-with-changes-in-serum-and-urine-metabolome-and-fecal-microbiota-in-male-sprague-dawley-rats
#16
Richard A Forsgård, Vannina G Marrachelli, Katri Korpela, Rafael Frias, Maria Carmen Collado, Riitta Korpela, Daniel Monleon, Thomas Spillmann, Pia Österlund
PURPOSE: Chemotherapy-induced gastrointestinal toxicity (CIGT) is a complex process that involves multiple pathophysiological mechanisms. We have previously shown that commonly used chemotherapeutics 5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan damage the intestinal mucosa and increase intestinal permeability to iohexol. We hypothesized that CIGT is associated with alterations in fecal microbiota and metabolome. Our aim was to characterize these changes and examine how they relate to the severity of CIGT...
June 23, 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646261/hepatic-arterial-infusion-chemotherapy-for-extensive-liver-metastases-of-breast-cancer-efficacy-safety-and-prognostic-parameters
#17
Mitra Tewes, Michael Wilhelm Peis, Simon Bogner, Jens M Theysohn, Marcus Paul Reinboldt, Martin Schuler, Anja Welt
PURPOSE: Hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) is an option for patients with liver-predominant metastatic breast cancer (LMBC), when no further systemic treatment is available. But systematic reports are limited. Here we conducted a retrospective analysis of LMBC patients treated at an expert center. METHODS: Individual patient data were retrieved from the clinical data base of the West German Cancer Center. Primary endpoints included hepatic response (RECIST), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646182/high-intensity-interval-training-improves-mitochondrial-function-and-suppresses-thrombin-generation-in-platelets-undergoing-hypoxic-stress
#18
Li-Hua Wu, Shao-Chiang Chang, Tieh-Cheng Fu, Ching-Hui Huang, Jong-Shyan Wang
This study elucidates how high-intensity interval training (HIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT) affect mitochondrial functionality and thrombin generation (TG) in platelets following hypoxic exercise (HE, 100 W under 12% O2 for 30 min). Forty-five healthy sedentary males were randomized to engage either HIT (3-minute intervals at 40% and 80%VO2max, n = 15) or MCT (sustained 60%VO2max, n = 15) for 30 minutes/day, 5 days/week for 6 weeks, or to a control group (CTL, n = 15) that did not received exercise intervention...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646148/mir-15b-5p-resensitizes-colon-cancer-cells-to-5-fluorouracil-by-promoting-apoptosis-via-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-xiap-axis
#19
Ci Zhao, Qi Zhao, Chunhui Zhang, Guangyu Wang, Yuanfei Yao, Xiaoyi Huang, Fei Zhan, Yuanyuan Zhu, Jiaqi Shi, Jianan Chen, Feihu Yan, Yanqiao Zhang
Drug resistance, which is closely correlated with an imbalance in apoptosis, endows colorectal cancer (CRC) with enhanced progression capacity irrespective of the treatment with therapeutics. We report that miR-15b-5p is a tumor suppressor whose level is globally decreased in CRC cells and tissues. Over-expression of miR-15b-5p not only promoted 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-induced cellular apoptosis but also reversed the chemoresistance of 5-FU in vitro and in vivo. As a key mediator of inflammation-induced cancer, miR-15b-5p enhances these therapeutic effects are mainly attributed to targeting of the NF-κB signaling pathway through negative regulation of NF-κB1 and one of its kinase complexes IKK-α...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645597/spinal-arteriovenous-malformation-associated-with-parkes-weber-syndrome-report-of-two-cases-and-literature-review
#20
Zi-Fu Li, Qiang Li, Yi Xu, Bo Hong, Qing-Hai Huang, Jian-Min Liu
OBJECTIVE: To present two cases of Parkes Weber syndrome (PWS) with spinal arteriovenous malformation(AVM), and discuss the radiological features and clinical treatment with literature review. METHODS: Clinical data on two PWS patients with spinal AVM was acquired in a prospective follow-up investigation. Clinical manifestations, radiographic features, procedural results and follow-up outcome were collected and reviewed together with literature review. RESULTS: The first patient presented with limb weakness and urinary dysfunction and the second with repetitive subarachnoid hemorrhage followed by paraplegia...
June 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
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