keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

expectation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231704/genetic-correlations-between-behavioural-responses-and-performance-traits-in-laying-hens
#1
Iwona Rozempolska-Rucińska, Grzegorz Zięba, Lucyna Kibała, Tomasz Paweł Próchniak, Marek Łukaszewicz
The aim of the study was to evaluate genetic correlations between the behavioural profile and performance in laying hens as an indirect answer to the question whether the observed behavioural responses are associated with increased levels of stress in these birds. The assessment of birds' temperament was carried out using the Novel Objects Test. The behavioural test was conducted in two successive generations comprising 9483 Rhode Island White birds (approx. 4700 individuals per generation) and 4326 Rhode Island Red birds (approx...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231681/noninvasive-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-for-the-treatment-of-orofacial-pain
#2
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: tDCS is a promising method for the treatment of chronic pain. Electrode placement locations must be chosen in accordance with the density and the time course of the current in order to prevent pathological changes in the underlying tissue. In order to reduce current spatial variability, more electrodes of the same polarity are placed in a circle around the second electrode of the opposite polarity. The applied current produced the greatest changes directly beneath the electrodes: the cathode reduces the excitability of cortical neurons, while the anode has the opposite effect...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231672/-analysis-on-cancer-deaths-and-cause-eliminated-life-expectancy-among-residents-of-tianjin-2015
#3
Z L Xu, H Zhang, D Z Wang, G D Song, C F Shen, S Zhang, Y Zhang, G H Jiang
Objective: To explore the causes of cancer deaths and cause-eliminated-life-expectancy among residents of Tianjin. Methods: Data from the death registry system of Tianjin residents in 2015 were collected and cancers were grouped according to the classification of Global Burden of Disease. Specific cancer crude death rate and cause eliminated life expectancy (CELE) were calculated. Results: In 2015, 17 641 Tianjin residents died of cancer, with the crude death rate as 171.79 per 100 thousand and the standardized rate according to the Chinese population in 2000 as 86...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231628/the-lived-experience-of-recovery-during-the-first-six-months-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#4
Jenny Jakobsson, Ewa Idvall, Christine Kumlien
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe the lived experience of recovery during the first six months after colorectal cancer surgery. BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer-diagnose worldwide. Early discharge places demands on health care professionals to prepare patients for their return home and to provide them with appropriate support throughout the recovery process. This requires knowledge of what it is like to recover from colorectal cancer surgery...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231554/design-of-elution-strategy-for-simultaneous-detection-of-chloramphenicol-and-gentamicin-in-complex-samples-using-surface-plasmon-resonance
#5
Yinqiang Xia, Rongxin Su, Renliang Huang, Li Ding, Libing Wang, Wei Qi, Zhimin He
For the analysis of massive samples containing multiple analytes, the enhancement of detection efficiency is crucial. In this study, a facile method was developed for sequential detection of chloramphenicol (CAP) and gentamicin (GEN) in complex samples, e.g. milk, using a surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based biosensor. Based on the immune inhibition format, two conjugates of antigen and bovine serum albumin (BSA)-denoted as CAP-BSA and GEN-BSA-were grafted on the same channel of the SPR sensor chip. Two standard curves for CAP and GEN were separately obtained by first mixing a single antibody with different concentrations of the relevant antigen...
February 16, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231509/a-single-injection-of-protein-loaded-coacervate-gel-significantly-improves-cardiac-function-post-infarction
#6
H K Awada, D W Long, Z Wang, M P Hwang, K Kim, Y Wang
After myocardial infarction (MI), the heart undergoes fibrotic pathological remodeling instead of repair and regeneration. With multiple pathologies developing after MI, treatment using several proteins is expected to address this range of pathologies more effectively than a single-agent therapy. A factorial design of experiments study guided us to combine three complementary factors in one injection: tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-3 (TIMP-3) was embedded in a fibrin gel for signaling in the initial phase of the treatment, while basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) and stromal cell-derived factor 1-alpha (SDF-1α) were embedded in heparin-based coacervates for sustained release and distributed within the same fibrin gel to exert their effects over a longer period...
February 17, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231455/synthetic-investigation-physicochemical-characterization-and-antibacterial-evaluation-of-ternary-bi-iii-systems-with-hydroxycarboxylic-acid-and-aromatic-chelator-substrates
#7
C M Nday, E Halevas, A Tsiaprazi-Stamou, D Eleftheriadou, A Hatzidimitriou, G Jackson, D Reid, A Salifoglou
Due to its physical and chemical properties, bismuth (Bi(III)) is widely used in the treatment of several gastrointestinal and skin diseases, and infections caused by bacteria. Herein, its known antimicrobial potential was taken into consideration in the synthesis of two new hybrid ternary materials of Bi(III) with the physiological α-hydroxycarboxylic glycolic acid and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), [Bi2(C2H2O3)2(C2H3O3)(NO3)]n(.) nH2O (1) and [Bi(C12H8N2)(NO3)4](C10H8N4) (2), aiming at improving its antibacterial properties...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231339/limits-of-use-of-social-media-for-monitoring-biosecurity-events
#8
Marijke Welvaert, Omar Al-Ghattas, Mark Cameron, Peter Caley
Compared to applications that trigger massive information streams, like earthquakes and human disease epidemics, the data input for agricultural and environmental biosecurity events (ie. the introduction of unwanted exotic pests and pathogens), is expected to be sparse and less frequent. To investigate if Twitter data can be useful for the detection and monitoring of biosecurity events, we adopted a three-step process. First, we confirmed that sightings of two migratory species, the Bogong moth (Agrotis infusa) and the Common Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus) are reported on Twitter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231323/even-good-bots-fight-the-case-of-wikipedia
#9
Milena Tsvetkova, Ruth García-Gavilanes, Luciano Floridi, Taha Yasseri
In recent years, there has been a huge increase in the number of bots online, varying from Web crawlers for search engines, to chatbots for online customer service, spambots on social media, and content-editing bots in online collaboration communities. The online world has turned into an ecosystem of bots. However, our knowledge of how these automated agents are interacting with each other is rather poor. Bots are predictable automatons that do not have the capacity for emotions, meaning-making, creativity, and sociality and it is hence natural to expect interactions between bots to be relatively predictable and uneventful...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231318/effects-of-na-channel-blockers-on-the-restitution-of-refractory-period-conduction-time-and-excitation-wavelength-in-perfused-guinea-pig-heart
#10
Oleg E Osadchii
Na+ channel blockers flecainide and quinidine can increase propensity to ventricular tachyarrhythmia, whereas lidocaine and mexiletine are recognized as safe antiarrhythmics. Clinically, ventricular fibrillation is often precipitated by transient tachycardia that reduces action potential duration, suggesting that a critical shortening of the excitation wavelength (EW) may contribute to the arrhythmic substrate. This study examined whether different INa blockers can produce contrasting effects on the rate adaptation of the EW, which would explain the difference in their safety profile...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231316/a-balanced-solution-to-the-cumulative-threat-of-industrialized-wind-farm-development-on-cinereous-vultures-aegypius-monachus-in-south-eastern-europe
#11
Dimitris P Vasilakis, D Philip Whitfield, Vassiliki Kati
Wind farm development can combat climate change but may also threaten bird populations' persistence through collision with wind turbine blades if such development is improperly planned strategically and cumulatively. Such improper planning may often occur. Numerous wind farms are planned in a region hosting the only cinereous vulture population in south-eastern Europe. We combined range use modelling and a Collision Risk Model (CRM) to predict the cumulative collision mortality for cinereous vulture under all operating and proposed wind farms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231177/the-goal-of-adequate-nutrition-can-it-be-made-affordable-sustainable-and-universal
#12
REVIEW
Ian McFarlane
Until about 1900, large proportions of the world population endured hunger and poverty. The 20th century saw world population increase from 1.6 to 6.1 billion, accompanied and to some extent made possible by rapid improvements in health standards and food supply, with associated advances in agricultural and nutrition sciences. In this paper, I use the application of linear programming (LP) in preparation of rations for farm animals to illustrate a method of calculating the lowest cost of a human diet selected from locally available food items, constrained to provide recommended levels of food energy and nutrients; then, to find a realistic minimum cost, I apply the further constraint that the main sources of food energy in the costed diet are weighted in proportion to the actual reported consumption of food items in that area...
November 30, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231157/breads-fortified-with-freeze-dried-vegetables-quality-and-nutritional-attributes-part-ii-breads-not-containing-oil-as-an-ingredient
#13
Viren Ranawana, Fiona Campbell, Charles Bestwick, Phyllis Nicol, Lesley Milne, Garry Duthie, Vassilios Raikos
The present article describes the second part of a study investigating the effect of adding vegetables on the nutritional, physico-chemical, and oxidative properties of wheat bread, and specifically focuses on bread that does not contain oil as an added ingredient. Wheat flour breads fortified with freeze-dried carrot, tomato, beetroot or broccoli were developed and assessed for their nutritional composition, antioxidant potential, oxidative stability, and storage properties. Using a simulated in vitro model, the study also examined the impact of vegetable addition on the oxidative stability of macronutrients during gastro-intestinal digestion...
September 8, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231114/breads-fortified-with-freeze-dried-vegetables-quality-and-nutritional-attributes-part-1-breads-containing-oil-as-an-ingredient
#14
Viren Ranawana, Vassilios Raikos, Fiona Campbell, Charles Bestwick, Phyllis Nicol, Lesley Milne, Garry Duthie
There is increasing emphasis on reformulating processed foods to make them healthier. This study for the first time comprehensively investigated the effects of fortifying bread (containing oil as an ingredient) with freeze-dried vegetables on its nutritional and physico-chemical attributes. Breads fortified with carrot, tomato, beetroot or broccoli were assessed for nutrition, antioxidant potential, storage life, shelf stability, textural changes and macronutrient oxidation. Furthermore, using an in vitro model the study for the first time examined the impact of vegetable addition on the oxidative stability of macronutrients during human gastro-intestinal digestion...
March 14, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231011/ultrahigh-responsivity-photodetectors-from-perovskite-nanowire-arrays-for-sequentially-tunable-spectral-measurement
#15
Wei Deng, Liming Huang, Xiuzhen Xu, Xiujuan Zhang, Xiangcheng Jin, Shuit-Tong Lee, Jiansheng Jie
Compared with polycrystalline films, single-crystalline methylammonium lead halide (MAPbX3, X = halogen) perovskite nanowires (NWs) with well-defined structure possess superior optoelectronic properties for optoelectronic applications. However, most of the prepared perovskite NWs exhibit properties below expectations due to poor crystalline quality and rough surfaces. It also remains a challenge to achieve aligned growth of single-crystalline perovskite NWs for integrated device applications. Here, we report a facile fluid-guided anti-solvent vapor-assisted crystallization (FGAVC) method for large-scale fabrication of high-quality single-crystalline MAPb(I1-xBrx)3 (X = 0, 0...
February 23, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230908/probiotics-for-people-with-hepatic-encephalopathy
#16
REVIEW
Rohan Dalal, Richard G McGee, Stephen M Riordan, Angela C Webster
BACKGROUND: Hepatic encephalopathy is a disorder of brain function as a result of liver failure or portosystemic shunt or both. Both hepatic encephalopathy (clinically overt) and minimal hepatic encephalopathy (not clinically overt) significantly impair patient's quality of life and daily functioning, and represent a significant burden on healthcare resources. Probiotics are live micro-organisms, which when administered in adequate amounts, may confer a health benefit on the host. OBJECTIVES: To determine the beneficial and harmful effects of probiotics in any dosage, compared with placebo or no intervention, or with any other treatment for people with any grade of acute or chronic hepatic encephalopathy...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230903/-evidence-based-medicine-in-eating-disorders-research-the-problem-of-confetti-p-values
#17
Helena Chmura Kraemer
Eating disorders hold a unique place among mental health disorders, in that salient symptoms can be objectively observed and measured rather than determined only from patient interviews or subjective evaluations. Because of this measurement advantage alone, evidence-based medicine would be expected there to make the most rapid strides. However, conclusions in Eating Disorders research, as in all medical research literature, often continue to be misleading or ambiguous. One major and long-known source of such problems is the misuse and misinterpretation of "statistical significance", with "p values" strewn throughout research papers like so much confetti, a problem that has become systemic, that is, enforced, rather than corrected, by the peer-review system...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230841/magnetoencephalography-for-brain-electrophysiology-and-imaging
#18
REVIEW
Sylvain Baillet
We review the aspects that uniquely characterize magnetoencephalography (MEG) among the techniques available to explore and resolve brain function and dysfunction. While emphasizing its specific strengths in terms of millisecond source imaging, we also identify and discuss current practical challenges, in particular in signal extraction and interpretation. We also take issue with some perceived disadvantages of MEG, including the misconception that the technique is redundant with electroencephalography. Overall, MEG contributes uniquely to our deeper comprehension of both regional and large-scale brain dynamics: from the functions of neural oscillations and the nature of event-related brain activation, to the mechanisms of functional connectivity between regions and the emergence of modes of network communication in brain systems...
February 23, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230832/specific-interactions-between-lectins-and-red-blood-cells-of-chornobyl-cleanup-workers-as-indicator-of-some-late-radiation-effects
#19
I S Karpova
AIM: Growing interest in lectins is based on their diagnostic and pharmacological potential, especially the ability to inhibit proliferation and initiate apoptosis of cancer cells. In our research microplate lectinoassay able to detect carbohydrate containing structures (receptors) on erythrocyte surface have been proposed for Chornobyl cleanup workers (1986) monitoring. It was expected to reveal specific abnormalities associated with pathological condition arising as a result of late radiation effects...
December 2016: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230785/the-application-of-a-modified-d-roms-test-for-measurement-of-oxidative-stress-and-oxidized-high-density-lipoprotein
#20
Fumiaki Ito, Tomoyuki Ito, Chinatsu Suzuki, Tomoyo Yahata, Kazuyuki Ikeda, Kenji Hamaoka
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. ROS-derived hydroperoxides, as an indicator of ROS production, have been measured by using the diacron reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs) test, which requires iron-containing transferrin in the reaction mixture. In this study we developed a modified d-ROMs test, termed the Fe-ROMs test, where iron ions were exogenously added to the reaction mixture. This modification is expected to exclude the assay variation that comes from different blood iron levels in individuals...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
keyword
keyword
86864
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"