Read by QxMD icon Read

zebra finch

Lei Xiao, Gaurav Chattree, Francisco Garcia Oscos, Mou Cao, Matthew J Wanat, Todd F Roberts
Learning vocal behaviors, like speech and birdsong, is thought to rely on continued performance evaluation. Whether candidate performance evaluation circuits in the brain are sufficient to guide vocal learning is not known. Here, we test the sufficiency of VTA projections to the vocal basal ganglia in singing zebra finches, a songbird species that learns to produce a complex and stereotyped multi-syllabic courtship song during development. We optogenetically manipulate VTA axon terminals in singing birds contingent on how the pitch of an individual song syllable is naturally performed...
March 14, 2018: Neuron
Logan S James, Jennifer B Dai, Jon T Sakata
Many important behaviours are socially learned. For example, the acoustic structure of courtship songs in songbirds is learned by listening to and interacting with conspecifics during a sensitive period in development. Signallers modify the spectral and temporal structures of their vocalizations depending on the social context, but the degree to which this modulation requires imitative social learning remains unknown. We found that male zebra finches ( Taeniopygia guttata ) that were not exposed to context-dependent song modulations throughout development significantly modulated their song in ways that were typical of socially reared birds...
March 2018: Biology Letters
José C Noguera, Neil B Metcalfe, Pat Monaghan
Offspring of older parents frequently show reduced longevity, but the mechanisms driving this so-called 'Lansing effect' are unknown. While inheritance of short telomeres from older parents could underlie this effect, studies to date in different species have found mixed results, reporting positive, negative or no association between parental age and offspring telomere length (TL). However, most of the existing evidence is from non-experimental studies in which it is difficult to exclude alternative explanations such as differential survival of parents with different telomere lengths...
March 14, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Nancy Tyler Burley, Elnaz Hamedani, Cole Symanski
An important and understudied question in sexual selection is how females evaluate information from multiple secondary sexual traits (SSTs), particularly when expression of traits is phenotypically uncorrelated. We performed mate choice experiments on zebra finches ( Taeniopygia guttata castanotis Gould) to evaluate two hypotheses: preference shifts (obstacles to choice using one trait increase chooser reliance on others) and trait synergisms (choice based on the sum/product of two or more independently varying traits)...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Matthew I M Louder, Mark E Hauber, Christopher N Balakrishnan
Amongst an array of stimuli from countless species, animals must recognize salient signals, including those of their own species. In songbirds, behavioral tests have demonstrated that preferences for conspecific male songs are determined by both preexisting biases and social experience with a male 'tutor' during the sensitive period for learning. Although immediate early gene expression (e.g. ZENK) and electrophysiological experiments generally find greater neural responses for conspecific songs, it remains unclear whether distinct mechanisms, such as sensory gating, are engaged to filter out irrelevant heterospecific songs...
March 1, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
Yufeng Zhang, Kang Nian Yap, Tony D Williams, David L Swanson
Skeletal muscle remodeling is an important component of phenotypic flexibility in birds and impacts organismal metabolism and performance, which could potentially influence fitness. One regulator of skeletal muscle remodeling is myostatin, an autocrine/paracrine muscle growth inhibitor that may be down-regulated under conditions promoting heavier muscle masses. In this study, we employed protocols requiring hovering while foraging to increase foraging costs and modify phenotypes of zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata)...
May 2018: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
John P Swaddle, Tessa R Diehl, Capwell E Taylor, Aaron S Fanaee, Jessica L Benson, Neil R Huckstep, Daniel A Cristol
Environmental stressors can negatively affect avian cognitive abilities, potentially reducing fitness, for example by altering response to predators, display to mates, or memory of locations of food. We expand on current knowledge by investigating the effects of dietary mercury, a ubiquitous environmental pollutant and known neurotoxin, on avian cognition. Zebra finches Taeniopygia guttata were dosed for their entire lives with sub-lethal levels of mercury, at the environmentally relevant dose of 1.2 parts per million...
April 2017: Current Zoology
N Hemmings, C Bennison, T R Birkhead
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Biology Letters
Erin Hisey, Matthew Gene Kearney, Richard Mooney
The complex skills underlying verbal and musical expression can be learned without external punishment or reward, indicating their learning is internally guided. The neural mechanisms that mediate internally guided learning are poorly understood, but a circuit comprising dopamine-releasing neurons in the midbrain ventral tegmental area (VTA) and their targets in the basal ganglia are important to externally reinforced learning. Juvenile zebra finches copy a tutor song in a process that is internally guided and, in adulthood, can learn to modify the fundamental frequency (pitch) of a target syllable in response to external reinforcement with white noise...
February 26, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
Lisbeth Van Ruijssevelt, Yining Chen, Kaya von Eugen, Julie Hamaide, Geert De Groof, Marleen Verhoye, Onur Güntürkün, Sarah C Woolley, Annemie Van der Linden
Selection of sexual partners is among the most critical decisions that individuals make and is therefore strongly shaped by evolution. In social species, where communication signals can convey substantial information about the identity, state, or quality of the signaler, accurate interpretation of communication signals for mate choice is crucial. Despite the importance of social information processing, to date, relatively little is known about the neurobiological mechanisms that contribute to sexual decision making and preferences...
February 21, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Wales A Carter, Clara Cooper-Mullin, Scott R McWilliams
The turnover rates of tissues and their constituent molecules give us insights into animals' physiological demands and their functional flexibility over time. Thus far, most studies of this kind have focused on protein turnover, and few have considered lipid turnover despite an increasing appreciation of the functional diversity of this class of molecules. We measured the turnover rates of neutral and polar lipids from the pectoralis muscles of a model songbird, the Zebra Finch ( Taeniopygia guttata , N=65), in a 256 day C 3 / C 4 diet shift experiment, with tissue samples taken at ten time points...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
Claudia Gatica-Sosa, Pawel Brzęk, Melisa Magallanes, William H Karasov, Enrique Caviedes-Vidal
We describe developmental changes in maltasic activity and its mRNA through adulthood, and in response to increase in dietary starch. We studied house sparrows (HOSP; Passer domesticus L.), which undergo a natural switch from insects to starch-containing seed diet during development, and zebra finch (ZEBF; Taeniopygia guttata V.), which have a relatively fixed starchy-seed diet during development. In ZEBF, in whom maltasic activity increased with age but not with dietary starch, α -glycosidase (AG) mRNA was not affected by either age or dietary starch level...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
Lauren M Guillette, Susan D Healy
Determining the role that social learning plays in construction behaviours, such as nest building or tool manufacture, could be improved if more experimental control could be gained over the exact public information that is provided by the demonstrator, to the observing individual. Using video playback allows the experimenter to choose what information is provided, but will only be useful in determining the role of social learning if observers attend to, and learn from, videos in a manner that is similar to live demonstration...
February 13, 2018: Integrative Zoology
Merel A Burgering, Carel Ten Cate, Jean Vroomen
Speech sound categorization in birds seems in many ways comparable to that by humans, but it is unclear what mechanisms underlie such categorization. To examine this, we trained zebra finches and humans to discriminate two pairs of edited speech sounds that varied either along one dimension (vowel or speaker sex) or along two dimensions (vowel and speaker sex). Sounds could be memorized individually or categorized based on one dimension or by integrating or combining both dimensions. Once training was completed, we tested generalization to new speech sounds that were either more extreme, more ambiguous (i...
February 12, 2018: Animal Cognition
Marie Perkins, Niladri Basu
Mercury (Hg) is a pervasive environmental contaminant that can impair avian health, consequently there is a need to gauge exposures. Bird blood provides a measure of recent dietary exposure to Hg, but blood collection and storage can be complex and costly. Dried blood spots (DBS) may help overcome challenges of whole blood analyses, therefore, this study aimed to develop and validate a novel method to assess Hg exposure in birds using DBS. First, accuracy and precision of blood Hg concentrations for entire DBS and DBS punches were determined for white leghorn chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) dosed with methylmercury (MeHg) via egg injection...
February 1, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Loren Merrill, Madeleine F Naylor, Merria Dalimonte, Sean McLaughlin, Tara E Stewart, Jennifer L Grindstaff
Early-life adversity can have long-lasting effects on physiological, behavioural, cognitive, and somatic processes. Consequently, these effects may alter an organism's life-history strategy and reproductive tactics.In response to early-life immune activation, we quantified levels of the acute phase protein haptoglobin (Hp) during development in male zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata). Then, we examined the long-term impacts of early-life immune activation on an important static sexual signal, song complexity, as well as effects of early-life immune activation on the relationship between song complexity and a dynamic sexual signal, beak colouration...
December 2017: Functional Ecology
Zachary Daniel Burkett, Nancy F Day, Todd Haswell Kimball, Caitlin M Aamodt, Jonathan B Heston, Austin T Hilliard, Xinshu Xiao, Stephanie A White
Human speech is one of the few examples of vocal learning among mammals yet ~half of avian species exhibit this ability. Its neurogenetic basis is largely unknown beyond a shared requirement for FoxP2 in both humans and zebra finches. We manipulated FoxP2 isoforms in Area X, a song-specific region of the avian striatopallidum analogous to human anterior striatum, during a critical period for song development. We delineate, for the first time, unique contributions of each isoform to vocal learning. Weighted gene coexpression network analysis of RNA-seq data revealed gene modules correlated to singing, learning, or vocal variability...
January 23, 2018: ELife
Amanda A Krentzel, Matheus Macedo-Lima, Maaya Z Ikeda, Luke Remage-Healey
Estradiol acts as a neuromodulator in brain regions important for cognition and sensory processing. Estradiol also shapes brain sex differences, but rarely have these concepts been considered simultaneously. In male and female songbirds, estradiol rapidly increases within the auditory forebrain during song exposure and enhances local auditory processing. We tested whether GPER1, a membrane bound estrogen receptor, is necessary and sufficient for neuroestrogen regulation of forebrain auditory processing in male and female zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata)...
January 17, 2018: Endocrinology
Ohad J Paris, John P Swaddle, Daniel A Cristol
Long-term exposure to methyl-mercury has deleterious effects on avian reproduction. However, little is known about whether exposure to mercury solely during embryonic and juvenile development can have long-lasting effects on subsequent reproductive performance as adults. Birds that hatch on contaminated sites, but disperse elsewhere, will be exposed only during development. Hence, it is important to understand the reproductive consequences of avian exposure to methyl-mercury during early life. Accordingly, in this experiment, domesticated zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) were exposed to dietary methyl-mercury (1...
January 19, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Zhimin Shi, Zoe Piccus, Xiaofang Zhang, Huidi Yang, Hannah Jarrell, Yan Ding, Zhaoqian Teng, Ofer Tchernichovski, XiaoChing Li
miR-9 is an evolutionarily conserved miRNA that is abundantly expressed in Area X, a basal ganglia nucleus required for vocal learning in songbirds. Here, we report that overexpression of miR-9 in Area X of juvenile zebra finches impairs developmental vocal learning, resulting in a song with syllable omission, reduced similarity to the tutor song, and altered acoustic features. miR-9 overexpression in juveniles also leads to more variable song performance in adulthood, and abolishes social context-dependent modulation of song variability...
January 18, 2018: ELife
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"