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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898942/exposure-of-stone-marten-martes-foina-and-polecat-mustela-putorius-to-anticoagulant-rodenticides-effects-of-regulatory-restrictions-of-rodenticide-use
#1
Morten Elmeros, Pia Lassen, Rossana Bossi, Christopher J Topping
When anticoagulant rodenticides (ARs) are used to control rodent populations there is also a widespread secondary exposure of non-target predators to ARs. To reduce secondary exposure, regulatory restrictions in AR usage were tightened in Denmark in 2011. The restrictions included the cessation of AR use for plant protection and any use away from buildings, as well as limitations in private consumers' access to ARs. To quantify and evaluate the efficiency of the regulatory measures to reduce secondary exposure, we analysed ARs in liver tissue from 40 stone martens (Martes foina) and 40 polecats (Mustela putorius) collected before and 31 stone martens and 29 polecats collected after the restrictions were imposed...
September 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888265/temporal-changes-in-myocardial-infarction-incidence-rates-are-associated-with-periods-of-perceived-psychosocial-stress-a-swedeheart-national-registry-study
#2
MULTICENTER STUDY
John Wallert, Claes Held, Guy Madison, Erik Mg Olsson
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress might trigger myocardial infarction (MI). Increased MI incidence coincides with recurrent time periods during the year perceived as particularly stressful in the population. METHODS: A stress-triggering hypothesis on the risk of MI onset was investigated with Swedish population data on MI hospital admission date and symptom onset date (N=156,690; 148,176) as registered from 2006 through 2013 in the national quality registry database Swedish Web-system for Enhancement and Development of Evidence-based care in Heart disease Evaluated According to Recommended Therapies (SWEDEHEART)...
September 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868938/exploring-and-explaining-the-santa-claus-effect-cross-sectional-study-of-jollity-in-21-european-countries
#3
Brendan D Kelly
BACKGROUND: Christmas "is the season to be jolly" but, despite many recent studies of happiness and wellbeing, the population distribution of jollity is unknown. AIMS: To assess levels of jollity across Europe, hypothesising the existence of a "Santa Claus effect" whereby Mr. Claus, a long-established resident of Scandinavia, increases jollity through his social network. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of data from 37 966 participants in the European Society Survey (Round 7, 2014/2015) across 21 European countries...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859674/identifying-research-priorities-for-effective-retention-strategies-in-clinical-trials
#4
Anna Kearney, Anne Daykin, Alison R G Shaw, Athene J Lane, Jane M Blazeby, Mike Clarke, Paula Williamson, Carrol Gamble
BACKGROUND: The failure to retain patients or collect primary-outcome data is a common challenge for trials and reduces the statistical power and potentially introduces bias into the analysis. Identifying strategies to minimise missing data was the second highest methodological research priority in a Delphi survey of the Directors of UK Clinical Trial Units (CTUs) and is important to minimise waste in research. Our aim was to assess the current retention practices within the UK and priorities for future research to evaluate the effectiveness of strategies to reduce attrition...
August 31, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846780/25-years-of-powered-endoscopic-transnasal-sphenoidotomy
#5
Dewey A Christmas, Joseph P Mirante, Eiji Yanagisawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844259/the-black-cloud-of-christmas
#6
EDITORIAL
Nitin Ubhayakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842183/pronounced-and-sustained-cutaneous-vasoconstriction-during-and-following-cyrotherapy-treatment-role-of-neurotransmitters-released-from-sympathetic-nerves
#7
Kevin M Christmas, Jordan C Patik, Sepideh Khoshnevis, Kenneth R Diller, R Matthew Brothers
Cryotherapy is a therapeutic technique using ice or cold water applied to the skin to manage soft tissue trauma and injury. While beneficial, there are some potentially detrimental side effects, such as pronounced vasoconstriction and tissue ischemia that are sustained for hours post-treatment. This study tested the hypothesis that this vasoconstriction is mediated by 1) activation of post-synaptic α-adrenergic receptors and/or 2) activation of post-synaptic neuropeptide Y1 (NPY Y1) receptors. 8 subjects were fitted with a commercially available cryotherapy unit with a water perfused bladder on the lateral portion of the right calf...
August 24, 2017: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836891/ava-christmas-meeting-queen-mary-university-of-london-december-19-2016
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817184/the-influence-of-cytomegalovirus-on-expression-of-hla-g-and-its-ligand-kir2dl4-by-human-peripheral-blood-leucocyte-subsets
#9
Zaid Albayati, Ahmed Alyami, Suliman Alomar, Derek Middleton, Laura Bonnett, Sobia Aleem, Brian F Flanagan, Stephen E Christmas
HLA-G is a non-classical class I HLA antigen, normally expressed in high levels only on extravillous cytotrophoblast. It has immunosuppressive properties in pregnancy and has also been found to be upregulated on leucocytes in viral infection. In this study, proportions of all leucocyte subsets expressing HLA-G were found to be low in healthy subjects positive or negative for cytomegalovirus (CMV). Significantly greater proportions of CD4+CD69+ and CD56+ T cells expressed HLA-G compared to other T cells. However, following stimulation with CMV antigens or intact CMV, proportions of CD4+, CD8+, CD69+ and CD56+ T cells, and also B cells expressing HLA-G were significantly increased in CMV+ subjects...
August 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794324/christmas-tree-derived-amplification-immuno-strategy-for-sensitive-visual-detection-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-based-on-gold-label-silver-stain-technology
#10
Xinxin Song, Yanjie Wu, Lin Wu, Yufang Hu, Wenrou Li, Zhiyong Guo, Xiurong Su, Xiaohua Jiang
A developed Christmas-tree derived immunosensor based on a gold label silver stain (GLSS) technique was fabricated for a highly sensitive analysis of Vibrio parahaemolyticu (VP). In this strategy, captured VP antibody (cAb) was immobilized on a solid substrate; then, the VPs were sequentially tagged with a signal probe by incubating the assay with a detection VP antibody (dAb) conjugated gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)-labeled graphite-like carbon nitride (g-C3N4). Finally, the attached signal probe could harvest a visible signal by the silver meal deposition, and then followed by homebrew Matlab 6...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761397/clara-s-final-christmas-gift
#11
Gus W Krucke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754111/care-of-the-mother-infant-dyad-a-novel-approach-to-conducting-and-evaluating-neonatal-resuscitation-simulation-training-in-bihar-india
#12
Brennan Vail, Hilary Spindler, Melissa C Morgan, Susanna R Cohen, Amelia Christmas, Pramod Sah, Malay B Shah, Aritra Das, Dilys M Walker
BACKGROUND: As the global under-five mortality rate declines, an increasing percentage is attributable to early neonatal mortality. A quarter of early neonatal deaths are due to perinatal asphyxia. However, neonatal resuscitation (NR) simulation training in low-resource settings, where the majority of neonatal deaths occur, has achieved variable success. In Bihar, India, the poorest region in South Asia, there is tremendous need for a new approach to reducing neonatal morality. METHODS: This analysis aims to assess the impact of a novel in-situ simulation training program, developed by PRONTO International and implemented in collaboration with CARE India, on NR skills of nurses in Bihar...
July 28, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727845/emergent-multisystemic-enterococcus-infection-threatens-endangered-christmas-island-reptile-populations
#13
Karrie Rose, Jessica Agius, Jane Hall, Paul Thompson, John-Sebastian Eden, Mukesh Srivastava, Brendan Tiernan, Cheryl Jenkins, David Phalen
Multisystemic infections with a morphologically unusual bacterium were first observed in captive critically endangered Lister's geckos (Lepidodactylus listeri) on Christmas Island in October 2014. Since then the infection was identified in another captive critically endangered lizard species, the blue-tailed skink (Cryptoblepharus egeriae) and two species of invasive geckos; the four clawed gecko (Gehyra mutilata) and Asian house gecko (Hemidactylus frenatus), in a wide geographic range across the east side of the island...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693589/the-recurrent-campylobacteriosis-epidemic-over-christmas-and-new-year-in-european-countries-2006-2014
#14
Philipp Justus Bless, Claudia Schmutz, Daniel Mäusezahl
OBJECTIVE: Campylobacteriosis is the most frequently reported foodborne disease in Europe with a notification rate of 71 per 100,000 population in the European Union in 2014. Surveillance data show a clear seasonality whereby case numbers peak during summer months in entire Europe and at the turn of the year, especially in Germany and Switzerland. A detailed description of European surveillance data by country at the turn of the year was missing so far. The objectives of the presented work were to describe national surveillance data of The European Surveillance System for 14 countries during winter times and to generate hypotheses for the observed seasonality of campylobacteriosis cases...
July 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690791/bioclimatic-transect-networks-powerful-observatories-of-ecological-change
#15
Stefan Caddy-Retalic, Alan N Andersen, Michael J Aspinwall, Martin F Breed, Margaret Byrne, Matthew J Christmas, Ning Dong, Bradley J Evans, Damien A Fordham, Greg R Guerin, Ary A Hoffmann, Alice C Hughes, Stephen J van Leeuwen, Francesca A McInerney, Suzanne M Prober, Maurizio Rossetto, Paul D Rymer, Dorothy A Steane, Glenda M Wardle, Andrew J Lowe
Transects that traverse substantial climate gradients are important tools for climate change research and allow questions on the extent to which phenotypic variation associates with climate, the link between climate and species distributions, and variation in sensitivity to climate change among biomes to be addressed. However, the potential limitations of individual transect studies have recently been highlighted. Here, we argue that replicating and networking transects, along with the introduction of experimental treatments, addresses these concerns...
July 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660638/using-search-engines-to-investigate-shared-migraine-experiences
#16
Sara M Burns, Dana P Turner, Katherine E Sexton, Hao Deng, Timothy T Houle
OBJECTIVES: To investigate migraine patterns in the United States using Google search data and utilize this information to better understand societal-level trends. Additionally, we aimed to evaluate time-series relationships between migraines and social factors. BACKGROUND: Extensive research has been done on clinical factors associated with migraines, yet population-level social factors have not been widely explored. Migraine internet search data may provide insight into migraine trends beyond information that can be gleaned from other sources...
June 28, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642520/christmas-issue-2017-call-for-content
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636726/endoscopic-view-of-a-dumbbell-shaped-sphenoid-fungal-mass
#18
Dewey A Christmas, Joseph P Mirante, Eiji Yanagisawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610316/a-new-whitefly-genus-and-species-himalayaleyrodes-sarcococcae-dubey-hemiptera-aleyrodidae-infesting-christmas-box-buxaceae-in-western-himalaya-india
#19
Anil Kumar Dubey, Sudhir Singh
Puparia, immatures and adults of a new whitefly genus and species, Himalayaleyrodes sarcococcae Dubey are described from the Western Himalaya, India. The new species was found feeding on leaves as well as on green stems of Sarcococca saligna (D. Don) Muell. Biological information, habitus, line arts, photomicrographs of holotype and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) images are given for this new taxon. Also, we discuss similarities and dissimilarities of puparia of the new genus with its closely related genus Bemisia Quaintance & Baker...
May 24, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609999/speciation-in-indo-pacific-swiftlets-aves-apodidae-integrating-molecular-and-phenotypic-data-for-a-new-provisional-taxonomy-of-the-i-collocalia-i-i-esculenta-i-complex
#20
Frank E Rheindt, Les Christidis, Janette A Norman, James A Eaton, Keren R Sadanandan, Richard Schodde
White-bellied swiftlets of the Collocalia esculenta complex constitute a radiation of colony-breeding swifts distributed throughout the tropical Indo-Pacific region. Resolution of their taxonomy is challenging due to their morphological uniformity. To analyze the evolutionary history of this complex, we combine new biometric measurements and results from plumage assessment of museum specimens with novel as well as previously published molecular data. Together, this body of information constitutes the largest systematic dataset for white-bellied swiftlets yet compiled, drawn from 809 individuals belonging to 32 taxa for which new molecular, biometric, and/or plumage data are presented...
April 7, 2017: Zootaxa
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