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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321005/the-impact-of-regular-school-closure-on-seasonal-influenza-epidemics-a-data-driven-spatial-transmission-model-for-belgium
#1
Giancarlo De Luca, Kim Van Kerckhove, Pietro Coletti, Chiara Poletto, Nathalie Bossuyt, Niel Hens, Vittoria Colizza
BACKGROUND: School closure is often considered as an option to mitigate influenza epidemics because of its potential to reduce transmission in children and then in the community. The policy is still however highly debated because of controversial evidence. Moreover, the specific mechanisms leading to mitigation are not clearly identified. METHODS: We introduced a stochastic spatial age-specific metapopulation model to assess the role of holiday-associated behavioral changes and how they affect seasonal influenza dynamics...
January 10, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317903/outbreak-of-pertussis-among-healthcare-workers-in-a-hospital-maternity-unit
#2
Christina Petridou, Hazel Gray, Michael Heard, Lorna Sugden, Karen Davis-Blues, Nick Cortes, Mary Edwards, Kordo Saeed
In December 2015, an outbreak of pertussis was detected among staff working in the Maternity Unit of a district general hospital in Hampshire. This occurred in the background of increased pertussis activity in the community. The outbreak occurred over the Christmas holiday period causing staff shortages at a time when the departments were already overstretched. The high prevalence of upper respiratory tract infections at the time were difficult to distinguish from pertussis. This paper describes the outbreak, infection control measures implemented and the learning points...
September 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313101/how-many-calories-did-santa-claus-consume-on-christmas-eve
#3
EDITORIAL
Gary P Wormser, Alexander Ladenheim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301965/genetics-of-the-human-face-identification-of-large-effect-single-gene-variants
#4
Daniel J M Crouch, Bruce Winney, Willem P Koppen, William J Christmas, Katarzyna Hutnik, Tammy Day, Devendra Meena, Abdelhamid Boumertit, Pirro Hysi, Ayrun Nessa, Tim D Spector, Josef Kittler, Walter F Bodmer
To discover specific variants with relatively large effects on the human face, we have devised an approach to identifying facial features with high heritability. This is based on using twin data to estimate the additive genetic value of each point on a face, as provided by a 3D camera system. In addition, we have used the ethnic difference between East Asian and European faces as a further source of face genetic variation. We use principal components (PCs) analysis to provide a fine definition of the surface features of human faces around the eyes and of the profile, and chose upper and lower 10% extremes of the most heritable PCs for looking for genetic associations...
January 4, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288150/the-bmj-charity-appeal-christmas-2017-help-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-volunteer-doctors-help-the-rohingya-people
#5
Jane Feinmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281024/christmas-2017-and-new-year-greetings
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278826/transitioning-from-phosphate-mining-to-agriculture-responses-to-urea-and-slow-release-fertilizers-for-sorghum-bicolor
#7
Katinka X Ruthrof, Emma Steel, Sunil Misra, Jen McComb, Graham O'Hara, Giles E St J Hardy, John Howieson
Globally, land-use transition from mining to agriculture is becoming increasingly attractive and necessary for many reasons. However, low levels of necessary plant nutrients, and high levels of heavy metals, can hamper plant growth, affecting yield, and potentially, food safety. In post-phosphate mining substrates, for example, nitrogen (N) is a key limiting nutrient, and, although legumes are planted prior to cereals, N supplementation is still necessary. We undertook two field trials on Christmas Island, Australia, to determine whether Sorghum bicolor could be grown successfully in a post-phosphate mining substrate...
December 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273693/the-christmas-gift-of-genetic-uncertainty
#8
Christopher Semsarian, Ray Moynihan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273386/total-shoulder-arthroplasty-with-minimum-5-year-follow-up-does-the-presence-of-subchondral-cysts-in-the-glenoid-increase-risk-of-failure
#9
Gregory Tanner, Peter Simon, Thomas Sellers, Kaitlyn N Christmas, Randall J Otto, Derek J Cuff, Adham Abdelfattah, Mark A Mighell, Mark A Frankle
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effect of cystic changes in the glenoid on postoperative outcomes and implant survival after total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2004 to 2012, 75 patients underwent TSA for primary osteoarthritis with minimum 5-year follow-up. Preoperative 3-dimensional models based on computed tomography imaging were created for all patients. A qualitative evaluation of cystic osteoarthritis was performed through survey grading by 3 fellowship-trained shoulder surgeons...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260706/-investigation-of-perioperative-musical-preferences-during-elective-surgery
#10
Thomas Richard Forshaw, Christopher Rue Molbech
The purpose of this study was to investigate the perioperative musical preferences among patients and staff in the eye department of a university teaching hospital using a visual analogue scale questionnaire. Thirty patients and relatives from the theatre waiting room and 20 members of staff were included. The responders answered questions regarding age, diagnosis, preoperative anxiety, effect of music on anxiety, effect of music on surgical performance and preference for specific genres of music. Overall, the preferred genre of music in both the waiting-room group and in the staff group was Christmas music, provided this was in December...
December 11, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260704/-the-dilemma-of-danish-christmas-lunches
#11
Amalie Rasmussen Lanng, Lærke Smidt Gasbjerg, Filip Krag Knop
We investigated the impact of food ingestion, water intake, sleep and exercise on the elimination of ethanol, and self-assessed ability to drive a car. In a cross-over design, four fasted healthy participants each underwent one day of oral ethanol intake followed by one of the abovementioned interventions and one day of oral ethanol intake followed by bed rest (control day). The elimination rate of ethanol was minimally affected (numerically it was increased by food ingestion and water intake, reduced by exercise and unchanged by sleep) and self-assessed driving abilities were associated with great variability...
December 11, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258460/a-case-of-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-in-which-scintillating-particles-appeared-in-the-intravitreal-cavity-after-laser-photocoagulation
#12
Ryohsuke Kohmoto, Takatoshi Kobayashi, Takaki Sato, Daisaku Kimura, Masanori Fukumoto, Kensuke Tajiri, Teruyo Kida, Tsunehiko Ikeda
BACKGROUND: To report a case of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) exhibiting the appearance of scintillating particles presumed to be crystallin inside the intravitreal cavity after laser photocoagulation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old male patient presented at our outpatient clinic after becoming aware of decreased vision in his right eye. Ocular examination performed at the patient's initial visit revealed a massive preretinal macular hemorrhage due to PDR in his right eye...
December 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243702/help-families-feeling-the-pinch-this-christmas
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242517/the-crisis-at-christmas-dental-service-a-review-of-an-annual-volunteer-led-dental-service-for-homeless-and-vulnerably-housed-people-in-london
#14
J Doughty, S Stagnell, N Shah, A Vasey, C Gillard
Background The UK charity Crisis originated in 1967 as a response to the increasing numbers of homeless people in London, and the first Crisis at Christmas event for rough sleepers was established in 1971. Since then, Crisis has provided numerous services over the Christmas period to the most vulnerable members of society. One of these is the Crisis at Christmas Dental Service (CCDS) which provides emergency and routine dental care from 23-29 of December each year. The charity is entirely dependent on voluntary staffing and industry donations including materials and facilities...
December 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236284/endoscopic-view-of-an-acutely-inflamed-maxillary-sinus
#15
Dewey A Christmas, Joseph P Mirante, Eiji Yanagisawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233810/the-bmj-charity-appeal-christmas-2017-help-msf-bring-essential-healthcare-to-millions-of-people-in-war-torn-yemen
#16
Richard Hurley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227778/the-christmas-notch-a-novel-use-for-the-punch-biopsy-blade
#17
George Rahmani, John L Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227776/the-specialty-and-naughty-nice-tendency-audit-santa-which-medical-specialists-can-be-trusted-to-follow-recipes
#18
Shian Miller, Tamara C Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of medical specialty on the likelihood of doctors making the Naughty or Nice lists this Christmas. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A quantitative observational study. Doctors in a medical parent Facebook group were asked about their specialty and their tendency to follow recipes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported tendency to follow the recipe (always, sometimes, never) as an indicator of rule-breaking behaviour, extrapolated as indicating Naughty (unlikely to follow a recipe) or Nice (always follow recipes) tendencies, and consequently the likelihood of being included in the Nice list this Christmas...
December 11, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221894/efficacy-of-an-inactivated-mycoplasma-hyorhinis-vaccine-in-pigs
#19
Brian Martinson, Whitney Zoghby, Kenneth Barrett, Lawrence Bryson, Rodney Christmas, F C Minion, Jeremy Kroll
Lameness and polyserositis in pigs caused by Mycoplasma hyorhinis are generally treated with antibiotics and may require multiple doses. The costs of these antibiotics combined with economic losses from culling and reduced feed conversion due to lameness are hardships to the swine producer. In this study we have demonstrated efficacy of an inactivated M. hyorhinis vaccine administered to three-week old caesarian-derived colostrum-deprived piglets. Three doses of vaccine (high, medium, and low) were evaluated and compared to a placebo control...
December 5, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220589/first-year-internal-medicine-residents-reflections-on-nonmedical-home-visits-to-high-risk-patients
#20
Stephanie K Nothelle, Colleen Christmas, Laura A Hanyok
PROBLEM: Patients who are high utilizers of care often experience health-related challenges that are not readily visible in an office setting but paramount for residents to learn. A nonmedical home visit performed at the beginning of residency training may help residents better understand social underpinnings related to their patient's health and place subsequent care within the context of the patient's life. INTERVENTION: First-year internal medicine residents completed a nonmedical home visit to an at-risk patient prior to seeing the patient in the office for his or her first medical visit...
December 8, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
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