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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098255/annual-time-series-analysis-of-aqueous-edna-reveals-ecologically-relevant-dynamics-of-lake-ecosystem-biodiversity
#1
Iliana Bista, Gary R Carvalho, Kerry Walsh, Mathew Seymour, Mehrdad Hajibabaei, Delphine Lallias, Martin Christmas, Simon Creer
The use of environmental DNA (eDNA) in biodiversity assessments offers a step-change in sensitivity, throughput and simultaneous measures of ecosystem diversity and function. There remains, however, a need to examine eDNA persistence in the wild through simultaneous temporal measures of eDNA and biota. Here, we use metabarcoding of two markers of different lengths, derived from an annual time series of aqueous lake eDNA to examine temporal shifts in ecosystem biodiversity and in an ecologically important group of macroinvertebrates (Diptera: Chironomidae)...
January 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088363/seasonal-variations-of-u-s-mortality-rates-roles-of-solar-ultraviolet-b-doses-vitamin-d-gene-exp-ression-and-infections
#2
REVIEW
William B Grant, Harjit Pal Bhattoa, Barbara J Boucher
Death rates in the U.S. show a pronounced seasonality. The broad seasonal variation shows about 25% higher death rates in winter than in summer with an additional few percent increase associated with the Christmas and New Year's holidays. A pronounced increase in death rates also starts in mid-September, shortly after the school year begins. The causes of death with large contributions to the observed seasonality include diseases of the circulatory system; the respiratory system; the digestive system; and endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087750/christmas-greetings-2016-from-the-european-heart-journal
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054928/editorial-message-making-it-christmas-every-day
#4
Terry Treadwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034628/mitochondrial-genome-of-the-christmas-tree-worm-spirobranchus-giganteus-annelida-serpulidae-reveals-a-high-substitution-rate-among-annelids
#5
Victor Corrêa Seixas, Claudia Augusta Moraes Russo, Paulo Cesar Paiva
Here we describe, for the first time, the mitochondrial genome of Spirobranchus giganteus (Annelida: Serpulidae) and compare it with all available annelid mitogenomes. The entire mitogenome has 22,058bp in length and bears 12 protein-coding genes (the ATP8 gene is missing), two rRNA, and 24 tRNA genes. The nucleotide composition and GC-skew are surprisingly different from those reported for other annelids. In addition, the pairwise genetic distances between the mitogenomes of S. giganteus and other annelids are higher than the distances for all annelid taxa analyzed...
December 26, 2016: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031258/christmas-new-year-influenza-lull-not-too-late-for-vaccination
#6
EDITORIAL
James L Hadler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029708/comparison-of-maximum-force-to-failure-of-4-thoracostomy-tube-connecting-devices
#7
Ιoannis Psathas, Lysimachos G Papazoglou, Dimitrios Bikiaris, Ioannis Savvas, Georgios Kazakos, Eleni Basdani
OBJECTIVE: To compare the maximum force and displacement to failure of 4 different types of thoracostomy tube connecting devices. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental in vitro study. STUDY POPULATION: Four types of thoracostomy tube connecting devices (n = 10 each). METHODS: Four different connecting device configurations (10 constructs each) were tested by maximum distraction to failure using a dynamometer: (1) CTTWW-a 3-way connector with a male luer slip attached to a thoracostomy tube by a Christmas tree adapter and secured to the tube with 21 gauge orthopedic wire; (2) CTTWRCW-a 3-way connector with a male luer lock with a rotating collar attached to a tube by a Christmas tree adapter and secured to the tube with 21 gauge orthopedic wire; (3) LVSBC-a Lopez valve attached to a tube with its short-barbed connector; and (4) LVLBC-a Lopez valve attached to a tube with its long-barbed connector...
December 28, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018629/the-ecological-connectivity-of-whale-shark-aggregations-in-the-indian-ocean-a-photo-identification-approach
#8
Samantha Andrzejaczek, Jessica Meeuwig, David Rowat, Simon Pierce, Tim Davies, Rebecca Fisher, Mark Meekan
Genetic and modelling studies suggest that seasonal aggregations of whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) at coastal sites in the tropics may be linked by migration. Here, we used photo-identification (photo-ID) data collected by both citizen scientists and researchers to assess the connectedness of five whale shark aggregation sites across the entire Indian Ocean at timescales of up to a decade. We used the semi-automated program I(3)S (Individual Interactive Identification System) to compare photographs of the unique natural marking patterns of individual whale sharks collected from aggregations at Mozambique, the Seychelles, the Maldives, Christmas Island (Australia) and Ningaloo Reef (Australia)...
November 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009426/-christmas-balls-a-christmas-carol-by-the-adolescent-cancer-patients-of-the-milan-youth-project
#9
Andrea Ferrari, Stefano Signoroni, Matteo Silva, Paola Gaggiotti, Laura Veneroni, Chiara Magni, Michela Casanova, Stefano Chiaravalli, Mirko Capelletti, Pietro Lapidari, Carlo Alfredo Clerici, Maura Massimino
The Youth Project is a program developed at the Pediatric Oncology Unit at the Istituto Nazionale Tumori in Milan, dedicated to adolescents and young adults with cancer. Among its various goals, the Youth Project organizes structured creative activities with the support of professionals, with the objective of offering young people a new way to express their hopes and fears. This article describes a project centered around music: patients created a Christmas carol with the help of musicians and authors. The adolescents explained with their own words the meaning of the lyrics, telling the story of a Christmas spent in a cancer hospital ward...
December 19, 2016: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009348/the-state-of-ocular-health-among-london-s-homeless-population
#10
N Sawers
PurposeTo investigate the demographics, visual impairment, and diagnoses of patients presenting to Vision Care for Homeless People (VCHP), Crisis clinics for London's under-researched homeless population.Patients and methodsTwo hundred eighty-three patients records, including data on sociodemographic, diabetic status, visual acuity, and ocular examination, via a comprehensive eye test were reviewed from the VCHP clinics held at 10 London 'Crisis at Christmas' centres in 2014.ResultsTwo hundred eighty-three individual patients were seen at the VCHP clinics...
December 23, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008110/students-support-vulnerable-pet-owners-at-christmas
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 24, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007743/revisiting-the-christmas-holiday-effect-in-the-southern-hemisphere
#12
Josh Knight, Chris Schilling, Adrian Barnett, Rod Jackson, Phillip Clarke
BACKGROUND: A "Christmas holiday effect" showing elevated cardiovascular mortality over the Christmas holidays (December 25 to January 7) was demonstrated previously in study from the United States. To separate the effect of seasonality from any holiday effect, a matching analysis was conducted for New Zealand, where the Christmas holiday period falls within the summer season. METHODS AND RESULTS: New Zealand mortality data for a 25-year period (1988-2013) was analyzed based on the same methodology used in the previous study...
December 22, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988769/hidden-diversity-in-deep-water-bandfishes-review-of-owstonia-with%C3%A2-descriptions-of-twenty-one-new-species-teleostei-cepolidae-owstoniinae
#13
William F Smith-Vaniz, G David Johnson
The bandfish family Cepolidae, comprising the subfamilies Owstoniinae and Cepolinae, is characterized, and defining characters of the three groups are identified and discussed. Characters of larvae of both subfamilies are described and illustrated. Six nominal genera of owstoniines had been proposed by various authors, but we recognize only Owstonia Tanaka. Utility of selected identification characters of the genus are discussed. Differences in lateral-line patterns have been the primary character used by some recent authors for recognition of two owstoniine genera, with Sphenanthias Weber possessing the plesiomorphic lateral-line condition...
November 8, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988744/revision-of-the-australian-species-of-i-figulus-i-macleay-1819-coleoptera-lucanidae
#14
Cinzia Monte, Michele Zilioli, Luca Bartolozzi, Luca Bartolozzi
The Australian species of the genus Figulus MacLeay, 1819 (Coleoptera: Lucanidae: Lucaninae: Figulini) are reviewed. Four new synonymies are established: F. howei De Lisle, 1967 and F. tambourinensis Mjöberg, 1916 are junior synonyms of F. nitens Waterhouse, 1874 (new synonymy); F. laevithorax Bomans is a junior synonym of F. regularis Westwood, 1834 (new synonymy); F. mento Albers, 1883 and F. mento foveatus Kriesche, 1922 are junior synonyms of F. sulcicollis Hope in Westwood, 1845 (new synonymy). The number of Figulus species known from Australia thus decreases to seven, four of which are endemic to Australia and one to Christmas Island...
November 10, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987074/medical-students-perceptions-of-the-patient-centredness-of-the-learning-environment
#15
Mark V Wilcox, Megan S Orlando, Cynthia S Rand, Janet Record, Colleen Christmas, Roy C Ziegelstein, Laura A Hanyok
BACKGROUND: Patient-centred care is an important aspect of quality health care. The learning environment may impact medical students' adoption of patient-centred behaviours. METHODS: All medical students at a single institution received an anonymous, modified version of the Communication, Curriculum, and Culture instrument that measures patient-centredness in the training environment along three domains: role modelling, students' experience, and support for patient-centred behaviours...
December 16, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982010/leave-your-pet-feline-good-this-christmas
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982004/coins-should-be-banned-from-christmas-puds
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981994/christmas-white-paper
#18
EDITORIAL
Stephen Hancocks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981992/special-feature-a-christmas-story-for-the-chairside
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981991/shortage-of-staff-caused-by-christmas-party-excess
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: British Dental Journal
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