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December 2017: Anesthesiology
T Theivasanthi, F L Anne Christma, Adeleke Joshua Toyin, Subash C B Gopinath, Ramanibai Ravichandran
Nanocellulose prepared from the natural material has a promising wide range of opportunities to obtain the superior material properties towards various end-products. In this research, commercially available natural cotton was treated with aqueous sodium hydroxide solution to eliminate the hemicellulose and lignin, then cellulose was collected. The collected cellulose was subjected to acid hydrolysis using sulfuric acid to obtain nanocellulose. The prepared nanocellulose was further characterized with the aid of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and Scanning Electron Microscopy to elucidate the chemical structure, crystallinity and the morphology...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Rajanshu Verma, Vincent S Syers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
N W E van den Berg, J Neefs, W R Berger, S W E Baalman, E Meulendijks, M Kawasaki, E M Kemper, F R Piersma, M W Veldkamp, R Wesselink, S P J Krul, J R de Groot
BACKGROUND: Monosodium glutamate (MSG), also referred to as Vetsin or E621, is a flavour enhancer frequently used in Asian cuisine and abundantly present in the famous Chinese dish Peking duck. MSG is notorious for triggering the onset of the so-called 'Chinese restaurant syndrome' (CRS), a complex of unpleasant symptoms, which might include flushing, sweating and the onset of atrial fibrillation (AF). This study aims to determine the effects of MSG on the occurrence of AF. METHODS: We conducted a placebo self-controlled single-arm study in the Academic Medical Centre in Amsterdam...
December 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
Eiji Yanagisawa, Dewey A Christmas, Joseph P Mirante
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Hélio José Coelho, Bruno Rodrigues, Ivan de Oliveira Gonçalves, Marco Carlos Uchida
The present study aimed to investigate the impact of a 1-month detraining composed by Christmas and New Year's Day in the functional and cognitive parameters of 12 older women who had previously participated in 22-week moderate intensity strength training program (ST; n=6) or remained performing their regular habits of life during all study period, without engaging in physical exercise programs (CG; n=6). Transfer capacity (i.e., Timed Up and Go [TUG]) and executive function (i.e., TUG with a cognitive task) were increased in the ST group after the intervention...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Jehad Zweiri, Stephen E Christmas
BACKGROUND: Cellular based therapeutic approaches for cancer rely on careful consideration of finding the optimal cell to execute the cellular goal of cancer treatment. Cell lines and primary cell cultures have been used in some studies to compare the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of autologous vs allogeneic tumour cell vaccines. METHODS: This study examines the effect of γ-irradiation on a range of tumor cell lines in conjunction with suicide gene therapy of cancer...
2017: Cancer Cell International
Samuel W Ross, Bradley W Thomas, A Britton Christmas, Kyle W Cunningham, Ronald F Sing
INTRODUCTION: We hypothesized that a pH of <7.0 on presentation would correlate with almost universal mortality in trauma patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on a Level I trauma center registry from 2013 to 2014. Hospital mortality was the primary outcome, which was compared by pH cohort (<7.0 or ≥7.0) using standard univariate statistics and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: There were 593 patients included in the analysis: 66 in <7...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
Samuel W Ross, Bradley W Thomas, A Britton Christmas, Kyle W Cunningham, Ronald F Sing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
Ania Carsin, Mélisande Baravalle-Einaudi, Jean-Christophe Dubus
We report the case of a 14-month-old girl suffering from cough and wheeze around Christmas. She was treated with anti-asthmatic drugs with no success, and 3 weeks later a chest X-ray revealed a LED bulb in the left main bronchus. This LED bulb came from a Christmas light garland decorating the Christmas tree. We discuss the different Christmas objects that can be inhaled by young children, the challenge to diagnose bronchial inhalation during this winter period, and the emergence of new foreign bodies, such as LED bulbs, with a particularly aerodynamic shape...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
José Carlos Barreiro
This article analyzes the English botanist George Gardner's trip to Brazil during the 1830s. After graduating from the University of Glasgow Gardner was influenced by his teacher and by readings of contemporary naturalists and set off for Brazil in March of 1836, arriving two months later in Rio de Janeiro. The article presents Gardner's impressions of slavery in Brazil, in an attempt to unveil the symbolic universe of a play he witnessed and described, which took place on a farm in Rio de Janeiro on Christmas night...
July 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
D O Clarke, A Crichlow, M Christmas, K Vaughan, S Mullings, I Neil, N Whyte
Snapping scapula syndrome is a rare condition characterized by crepitus of the scapula on motion of the ipsilateral upper extremity. It may be quite painful and disabling. The majority of cases are due to bursal and muscular disorders. Snapping scapula syndrome secondary to an underlying osteochondroma is an even more infrequent phenomenon. The case presented highlights the unusual post pubertal growth of an osteochondroma of the scapula that progressed to develop a snapping scapular syndrome. Review of the literature revealed less than fifty reported cases of this phenomenon secondary to an underlying osteochondroma...
September 28, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Bradley W Thomas, Michael J Avery, Gaurav Sachdev, A Britton Christmas, Ronald F Sing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: American Surgeon
Gergö Hadlaczky, Sebastian Hökby
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have investigated the impact of the Christmas and New Year holiday on suicide rates. However, no such data has yet been published on Swedish suicides. AIMS: To examine the occurrence of suicides on these dates in Sweden between 2006 and 2015. METHODS: The suicide count for each date between December 15th and January 15th was obtained from the Swedish cause of death registry. The observations were transformed to Z-scores to enable calculation of p-values...
September 22, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Morten Elmeros, Pia Lassen, Rossana Bossi, Christopher J Topping
When anticoagulant rodenticides (ARs) are used to control rodent populations there is also a widespread secondary exposure of non-target predators to ARs. To reduce secondary exposure, regulatory restrictions in AR usage were tightened in Denmark in 2011. The restrictions included the cessation of AR use for plant protection and any use away from buildings, as well as limitations in private consumers' access to ARs. To quantify and evaluate the efficiency of the regulatory measures to reduce secondary exposure, we analysed ARs in liver tissue from 40 stone martens (Martes foina) and 40 polecats (Mustela putorius) collected before and 31 stone martens and 29 polecats collected after the restrictions were imposed...
January 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
John Wallert, Claes Held, Guy Madison, Erik Mg Olsson
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress might trigger myocardial infarction (MI). Increased MI incidence coincides with recurrent time periods during the year perceived as particularly stressful in the population. METHODS: A stress-triggering hypothesis on the risk of MI onset was investigated with Swedish population data on MI hospital admission date and symptom onset date (N=156,690; 148,176) as registered from 2006 through 2013 in the national quality registry database Swedish Web-system for Enhancement and Development of Evidence-based care in Heart disease Evaluated According to Recommended Therapies (SWEDEHEART)...
September 2017: American Heart Journal
Brendan D Kelly
BACKGROUND: Christmas "is the season to be jolly" but, despite many recent studies of happiness and wellbeing, the population distribution of jollity is unknown. AIMS: To assess levels of jollity across Europe, hypothesising the existence of a "Santa Claus effect" whereby Mr. Claus, a long-established resident of Scandinavia, increases jollity through his social network. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of data from 37 966 participants in the European Society Survey (Round 7, 2014/2015) across 21 European countries...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Anna Kearney, Anne Daykin, Alison R G Shaw, Athene J Lane, Jane M Blazeby, Mike Clarke, Paula Williamson, Carrol Gamble
BACKGROUND: The failure to retain patients or collect primary-outcome data is a common challenge for trials and reduces the statistical power and potentially introduces bias into the analysis. Identifying strategies to minimise missing data was the second highest methodological research priority in a Delphi survey of the Directors of UK Clinical Trial Units (CTUs) and is important to minimise waste in research. Our aim was to assess the current retention practices within the UK and priorities for future research to evaluate the effectiveness of strategies to reduce attrition...
August 31, 2017: Trials
Dewey A Christmas, Joseph P Mirante, Eiji Yanagisawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Nitin Ubhayakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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