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Narcís Palomeras, Antonio Peñalver, Miquel Massot-Campos, Pep Lluís Negre, José Javier Fernández, Pere Ridao, Pedro J Sanz, Gabriel Oliver-Codina
The use of commercially available autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) has increased during the last fifteen years. While they are mainly used for routine survey missions, there is a set of applications that nowadays can be only addressed by manned submersibles or work-class remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) equipped with teleoperated arms: the intervention applications. To allow these heavy vehicles controlled by human operators to perform intervention tasks, underwater structures like observatory facilities, subsea panels or oil-well Christmas trees have been adapted, making them more robust and easier to operate...
October 12, 2016: Sensors
Nick Evans
Last winter was the most difficult for emergency departments in England for more than a decade. With little let up over the summer, this one could be even worse.
October 6, 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
John C Z Woinarski, Stephen T Garnett, Sarah M Legge, David B Lindenmayer
Extinctions typically have ecological drivers, such as habitat loss. However, extinction events are also influenced by policy and management settings that may be antithetical to biodiversity conservation, inadequate to prevent extinction, insufficiently resourced, or poorly implemented. Three endemic Australian vertebrate species - the Christmas Island pipistrelle (Pipistrellus murrayi), Bramble Cay melomys (Melomys rubicola), and Christmas Island forest skink (Emoia nativitatis) - became extinct from 2009 to 2014...
October 5, 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Samuel W Ross, Jonathan D Bouchez, Peter E Fischer, Rita A Brintzenhoff, Ronald F Sing, A Britton Christmas, Bradley W Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Surgeon
Marie Crandall, Alexander Eastman, Pina Violano, Wendy Greene, Steven Allen, Ernest Block, Ashley Britton Christmas, Andrew Dennis, Thomas Duncan, Shannon Foster, Stephanie Goldberg, Michael Hirsh, D'Andrea Joseph, Karen Lommel, Peter Pappas, William Shillinglaw
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, more than 300,000 people in the United States have died from firearm injuries. Our goal was to assess the effectiveness of two particular prevention strategies, restrictive licensing of firearms and concealed carry laws, on firearm-related injuries in the US Restrictive Licensing was defined to include denials of ownership for various offenses, such as performing background checks for domestic violence and felony convictions. Concealed carry laws allow licensed individuals to carry concealed weapons...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Claire Stephens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
R M Brothers, Kevin M Christmas, Jordan C Patik, Sepideh Khoshnevis, Kenneth R Diller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Ken Yanagisawa, Dewey A Christmas, Joseph P Mirante, Eiji Yanagisawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Jonathon Thorp, Melissa Dattalo, Khalil G Ghanem, Colleen Christmas
BACKGROUND: Training programs have implemented the 2011 ACGME duty hour regulations (DHR) using "workload compression" (WLC) strategies, attempting to fit similar clinical responsibilities into fewer working hours, or workload reduction (WLR) approaches, reducing the number of patient encounters per trainee. Many have expressed concern that these strategies could negatively impact patient care and learner outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the medical knowledge and clinical impact of a WLR intervention in a single institution...
August 11, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
N J Walker, H C Van Woerden, V Kiparoglou, Y Yang
BACKGROUND: As part of an electronic dashboard operated by Public Health Wales, senior managers at hospitals in Wales report daily "escalation" scores which reflect management opinion on the pressure a hospital is experiencing and ability to meet ongoing demand with respect to unscheduled care. An analysis was undertaken of escalation scores returned for 18 hospitals in Wales between the years 2006 and 2014 inclusive, with a view to identifying systematic temporal patterns in pressure experienced by hospitals in relation to unscheduled care...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Leah J Martin, Cindy Im, Huiru Dong, Bonita E Lee, James Talbot, David P Meurer, Shamir N Mukhi, Steven J Drews, Yutaka Yasui
BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) visit volumes can be especially high during the Christmas-New Year holidays, a period occurring during the influenza season in Canada. METHODS: Using daily data, we examined the relationship between ED visits for the chief complaint "cough" (for Edmonton, Alberta residents) and laboratory detections for influenza A and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) (for Edmonton and surrounding areas), lagged 0-5 days ahead, for non-pandemic years (2004-2008 and 2010-2014) using multivariable linear regression adjusting for temporal variables...
July 21, 2016: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
Tracy Collins
This article reports on the process of undertaking a longitudinal multiple methods study with older women experiencing the transition of later-life widowhood. Three qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with 26 older widows in North Staffordshire, United Kingdom. Interviews included the use of personal community diagrams to identify the structure of personal communities and Christmas and Christmas cards to further explore social relationships and practices during transition. Examples of cases are given to illustrate the findings derived from the methods employed...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
Natasha M Chida, Khalil G Ghanem, Paul G Auwaerter, Scott M Wright, Michael T Melia
Clinical excellence should be recognized, particularly in the current climate that appropriately prioritizes relationship-centered care. In order to develop a recognition model, a definition of clinical excellence must be created and agreed upon. A paradigm recently suggested by C. Christmas describes clinical excellence through the following domains: diagnostic acumen, professionalism and humanism, communication and interpersonal skills, skillful negotiation of the healthcare system, knowledge, taking a scholarly approach to clinical practice, and having passion for clinical medicine...
September 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Matthew J Christmas, Ed Biffin, Martin F Breed, Andrew J Lowe
Teasing apart neutral and adaptive genomic processes and identifying loci that are targets of selection can be difficult, particularly for nonmodel species that lack a reference genome. However, identifying such loci and the factors driving selection have the potential to greatly assist conservation and restoration practices, especially for the management of species in the face of contemporary and future climate change. Here, we focus on assessing adaptive genomic variation within a nonmodel plant species, the narrow-leaf hopbush (Dodonaea viscosa ssp...
September 2016: Molecular Ecology
Lauren E Hughes
Thirty species of Maeridae are reported for Australian waters including the description of two new genera and nine new species. The new genus Huonella from southern Tasmanian seamounts is distinguished among the maerids by characters on the uropod 3, including elongation of both rami, inner ramus half the length of the outer ramus and outer ramus two articulate. The new genus Maeraceterus is establish for two new species, M. bramblensis from Western Australia and M. taaroa from Norfolk Island, which have a near transverse gnathopod 1 propodus palm and symmetrical male gnathopod 2...
2016: Zootaxa
Neeraja Sankaran, Ton van Helvoort
This paper uses a short 'Christmas fairy-story for oncologists' sent by Christopher Andrewes with a 1935 letter to Peyton Rous as the centrepiece of a reflection on the state of knowledge and speculation about the viral aetiology of cancer in the 1930s. Although explicitly not intended for public circulation at the time, the fairy-story merits publication for its significance in the history of ideas about viruses, which are taken for granted today. Andrewes and Rous were prominent members of the international medical research community and yet faced strong resistance to their theory that viruses could cause such tumours as chicken sarcomas and rabbit papillomas...
June 20, 2016: Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London
David M B Christmas, Angela Sweeney
Recently, the Council of the UK Royal College of Psychiatrists agreed to use the term 'patient' as the preferred collective noun when referring to people accessing mental health services in its official documentation. Choices regarding terminology have the power to influence those who use such terms and here, David Christmas and Angela Sweeney debate the issue of whether such a decision is appropriate or whether we need to be more careful about the terms we use.
July 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Fengmei Pi, Zhengyi Zhao, Venkata Chelikani, Kristine Yoder, Mamuka Kvaratskhelia, Peixuan Guo
The intracellular parasitic nature of viruses and the emergence of antiviral drug resistance necessitate the development of new potent antiviral drugs. Recently, a method for developing potent inhibitory drugs by targeting biological machines with high stoichiometry and a sequential-action mechanism was described. Inspired by this finding, we reviewed the development of antiviral drugs targeting viral DNA-packaging motors. Inhibiting multisubunit targets with sequential actions resembles breaking one bulb in a series of Christmas lights, which turns off the entire string...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Virology
Dewey A Christmas, Joseph P Mirante, Eiji Yanagisawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Eleftherios-Terry R Farmakis, Fotios D Palamidakis, Foteini G Skondra, Georgia Nikoloudaki, Nikos Pantazis
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of pain of endodontic origin and its relationship with socio-economic and demographic factors among patients seeking unscheduled urgent dental care. METHODS: Patients attending the Emergency Clinic of Athens Dental School, Greece, between November 2011 and June 2012, were evaluated to determine their socio-economic profile, dental problem and treatment required. The facility operated from Monday to Friday, from 8...
October 2016: International Dental Journal
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