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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328684/eastern-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-society-of-trauma-nurses-advanced-practitioner-position-paper-optimizing-the-integration-of-advanced-practitioners-in-trauma-and-critical-care
#1
Jonathan Messing, Jasmine Garces-King, Dennis Taylor, Jonathan Van Horn, Babak Sarani, A Britton Christmas
Nurse Practitioners and Physician Assistants, collectively known as advanced practitioners (APs), enhance the provision of care for the acutely injured patient. Despite their prevalence, institutions employ, train, and utilize these providers with significant variability. The Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST), the Society of Trauma Nurses (STN), and the American Association of Surgical Physicians Assistants (AASPA) acknowledge the value of APs and support their utilization in the management of injured and critically ill patients...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325962/harryplax-severus-a-new-genus-and-species-of-an-unusual-coral-rubble-inhabiting-crab-from-guam-crustacea-brachyura-christmaplacidae
#2
Jose C E Mendoza, Peter K L Ng
Harryplax severus, a new genus and species of coral rubble-dwelling pseudozioid crab is described from the island of Guam in the western Pacific Ocean. The unusual morphological features of its carapace, thoracic sternum, eyes, antennules, pereopods and gonopods place it in the family Christmaplacidae Naruse & Ng, 2014. A suite of characters on the cephalothorax, pleon and appendages distinguishes Harryplax severusgen. & sp. n. from the previously sole representative of the family, Christmaplax mirabilis Naruse & Ng, 2014, described from Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320325/-was-that-a-success-or-not-a-success-a-qualitative-study-of-health-professionals-perspectives-on-support-for-people-with-long-term-conditions
#3
John Owens, Vikki A Entwistle, Alan Cribb, Zoë C Skea, Simon Christmas, Heather Morgan, Ian S Watt
BACKGROUND: Support for self-management (SSM) is a prominent strand of health policy internationally, particularly for primary care. It is often discussed and evaluated in terms of patients' knowledge, skills and confidence, health-related behaviours, disease control or risk reduction, and service use and costs. However, these goals are limited, both as guides to professional practice and as indicators of its quality. In order to better understand what it means to support self-management well, we examined health professionals' views of success in their work with people with long-term conditions...
March 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294094/market-organization-and-animal-genetic-resource-management-a-revealed-preference-analysis-of-sheep-pricing
#4
K Tindano, N Moula, P Leroy, A Traoré, N Antoine-Moussiaux
Farm animal genetic resources are threatened worldwide. Participation in markets, while representing a crucial way out of poverty for many smallholders, affects genetic management choices with associated sustainability concerns. This paper proposes a contextualized study of the interactions between markets and animal genetic resources management, in the case of sheep markets in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. It focusses on the organization of marketing chains and the valuation of genetic characteristics by value chain actors...
March 15, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257492/naturally-occurring-hybrids-of-coral-reef-butterflyfishes-have-similar-fitness-compared-to-parental-species
#5
Stefano R Montanari, Jean-Paul A Hobbs, Morgan S Pratchett, Line K Bay, Lynne van Herwerden
Hybridisation can produce evolutionary novelty by increasing fitness and adaptive capacity. Heterosis, or hybrid vigour, has been documented in many plant and animal taxa, and is a notable consequence of hybridisation that has been exploited for decades in agriculture and aquaculture. On the contrary, loss of fitness in naturally occurring hybrid taxa has been observed in many cases. This can have negative consequences for the parental species involved (wasted reproductive effort), and has raised concerns for species conservation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240806/suppression-of-phonon-transport-in-molecular-christmas-trees
#6
Marjan Famili, Iain Grace, Hatef Sadeghi, Colin J Lambert
Minimising the phonon thermal conductance of self-assembled molecular films, whilst preserving their electrical properties, is highly desirable, both for thermal management at the nanoscale and for the design of high-efficiency thermoelectric materials. Here we highlight a new strategy for minimising the phonon thermal conductance of Christmas-tree-like molecules composed of a long trunk, along which phonons can propagate, attached to pendant molecular branches. We demonstrate that phonon transport along the trunk is suppressed by Fano resonances associated with internal vibrational modes of the branches and that thermal conductance is suppressed most-effectively in molecules with pendant branches of different lengths...
February 27, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235861/equations-hfor-o2-and-co2-solubilities-in-saline-and-plasma-combining-temperature-and-density-dependences
#7
Kevin M Christmas, James B Bassingthwaighte
Solubilities of respiratory gasses in water, saline and plasma decrease with rising temperatures and solute concentrations. Henry's Law, C = α(.)P, states: the equilibrium concentration of a dissolved gas is solubility times partial pressure. Solubilities in the water of a solution depend on temperature, and the content of other solutes,. Blood temperatures may differ more than 20°C between skin and heart, and an erythrocyte will undergo that range as blood circulates. The concentrations of O2 and CO2 are the driving force for diffusion, exchanges and for reactions We provide an equation for O2 and CO2, α, that allows for continuous changes in temperature, T, and solution density, ρ, in dynamically changing states: Eqyation This two-exponential expression with a density scalar γ, and a density exponent β, accounts for solubility changes due to density changes of an aqueous solution...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217437/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-in-a-healthy-young-female-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Ahmed Dirweesh, Chikezie Alvarez, Muhammad Khan, Donald Christmas
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is an uncommon finding in young adults presenting usually without any comorbidities or an underlying pathology. It is most commonly due to alveolar rupture in the setting of an inciting event such an underlying asthma, barotrauma, valsalva maneuver, or esophageal rupture. Individuals can have varying presentations, from chest pain, dyspnea and dysphagia, to anxiety, weakness, or facial and neck swelling. The majority of patients have subcutaneous emphysema on examination and can have abnormal laboratory findings such as an elevated C-reactive proteins and leukocytosis...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214947/the-redistribution-of-non-breeding-dunlins-in-response-to-the-post-ddt-recovery-of-falcons
#9
Ronald C Ydenberg, Jennifer Barrett, David B Lank, Cailin Xu, Michiel Faber
Large-scale changes in predator populations are occurring worldwide due to (re-)introductions, over-exploitation, or recovery after decimation by pesticides and persecution. These widespread changes may affect the distribution of their prey. We studied the continental-scale distributions of non-breeding Calidris alpina pacifica and C. a. hudsonia (Pacific and Atlantic dunlins, respectively), as numbers of their major predators-peregrines (Falco peregrinus) and merlins (F. columbarius; together 'falcons')-increased after DDT was banned in 1973...
April 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211037/diffuse-scarring-alopecia-in-a-female-pattern-hair-loss-distribution
#10
Bonnie Fergie, Gurpreet Khaira, Vicki Howard, Sally de Zwaan
We describe three cases of hair loss in a female pattern hair loss (FPHL) distribution with histologic features of lichen planopilaris (LPP). All patients had a history of diffuse, gradual hair loss in a Christmas tree pattern that clinically presented as FPHL on gross and dermoscopic examination. Notably, there were no characteristic clinical signs of LPP and no histologic features of FPHL. These cases are most consistent with cicatricial pattern hair loss (CPHL). This relatively new entity is similar to fibrosing alopecia in a pattern distribution (FAPD) in that they are both scarring alopecias confined to a FPHL distribution, but CPHL lacks the clinical signs of perifollicular erythema and perifollicular keratosis seen in FAPD...
February 17, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210187/christmas-tree-cataract
#11
Neha Goel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190576/field-portable-xrf-reveals-the-ubiquity-of-antimony-in-plastic-consumer-products
#12
Andrew Turner, Montserrat Filella
Very little systematic information exists on the occurrence and concentrations of antimony (Sb) in consumer products. In this study, a Niton XL3t field-portable-X-ray fluorescence (FP-XRF) spectrometer was deployed in situ and in the laboratory to provide quantitative information on Sb dissipated in plastic items and fixtures (including rubber, textile and foamed materials) from the domestic, school, vehicular and office settings. The metalloid was detected in 18% of over 800 measurements performed, with concentrations ranging from about 60 to 60,000μgg(-1)...
April 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187570/first-record-of-cephenniini-on-christmas-island-with-updated-checklist-of-world-i-cephennomicrus-i-species-and-summary-of-their-distribution-coleoptera-staphylinidae-scydmaeninae
#13
Paweł Jałoszyński
The tribe Cephenniini is reported for the first time to occur on Christmas Island (external territory of the Commonwealth of Australia). Cephennomicrus lawrencei sp. n. is described and illustrated; the new species shows similarities to several Oriental and Japanese congeners, with the endophallic complex of long flagellum flanked by elongate sclerites especially similar to that of Indonesian C. fesumatranus Jałoszyński. The distribution of world Cephennomicrus species is summarized, ranging from southern and central-eastern Africa, Madagascar, Indian Ocean islands, through Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, south-eastern China and Taiwan, the Ryukyus and Tsushima Island, eastern Papua New Guinea to Australia and southern Pacific islands...
February 6, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176551/-calm-compassionate-paula-helped-me-through-severe-depression
#14
(no author information available yet)
I met healthcare assistant Paula Lawrence within the first two days of my admission to the Welland Centre for patients with mental health difficulties. I was an inpatient for 12 days, right through Christmas.
February 8, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145488/targeted-capture-to-assess-neutral-genomic-variation-in-the-narrow-leaf-hopbush-across-a-continental-biodiversity-refugium
#15
Matthew J Christmas, Ed Biffin, Martin F Breed, Andrew J Lowe
The Adelaide geosyncline, a mountainous region in central southern Australia, is purported to be an important continental refugium for Mediterranean and semi-arid Australian biota, yet few population genetic studies have been conducted to test this theory. Here, we focus on a plant species distributed widely throughout the region, the narrow-leaf hopbush, Dodonaea viscosa ssp. angustissima, and examine its genetic diversity and population structure. We used a hybrid-capture target enrichment technique to selectively sequence over 700 genes from 89 individuals across 17 sampling locations...
February 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139387/the-influence-of-patient-and-surgeon-specific-factors-on-operative-duration-and-early-postoperative-outcomes-in-shoulder-arthroplasty
#16
Jonathan C Clark, Peter Simon, Rachel E Clark, Kaitlyn N Christmas, Jesse W Allert, Jonathan J Streit, Mark A Mighell, Alfred Hess, Jeffrey Stone, Mark A Frankle
BACKGROUND: Increased operative duration has been shown to have demonstrable effects on the outcomes and complications in multiple areas of orthopedic surgery. We sought to determine if patient- and surgeon-specific factors correlated to operative duration in shoulder arthroplasty. Our hypothesis was that increased surgeon and trainee volume would decrease operative times and that more complex pathology would increase operative duration. METHODS: A retrospective review of primary and revision total and reverse shoulder arthroplasties performed at a single institution from 2012 through 2015 was performed evaluating the correlation between specific patient and surgeon factors and operative duration...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128088/gestational-pityriasis-rosea-suggestions-for-approaching-affected-pregnant-women
#17
Alexandra Monastirli, Efstathia Pasmatzi, George Badavanis, Dionysios Tsambaos
Dear Editor, Pityriasis rosea is a common, acute, and self-limiting dermatosis, which is associated with the endogenous systemic reactivation of human herpesvirus (HHV)-6 and/or HHV-7 (1). It predominantly affects individuals of both sexes in their second or third decade of life and is clinically characterized by the occurrence of an initial erythematosquamous plaque followed by the appearance of disseminated similar but smaller lesions one or two weeks later. Several patients develop systemic symptoms such as nausea, anorexia, malaise, headache, fever, arthralgia, and lymphadenopathy that may precede or accompany the eruption; the latter follows the cleavage lines of the trunk creating the configuration of a Christmas tree and spontaneously resolves within 4 to 8 weeks...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122095/endoscopic-view-of-balloon-dilation-for-excision-of-a-sphenoid-cyst
#18
Dewey A Christmas, Joseph P Mirante, Eiji Yanagisawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098255/annual-time-series-analysis-of-aqueous-edna-reveals-ecologically-relevant-dynamics-of-lake-ecosystem-biodiversity
#19
Iliana Bista, Gary R Carvalho, Kerry Walsh, Mathew Seymour, Mehrdad Hajibabaei, Delphine Lallias, Martin Christmas, Simon Creer
The use of environmental DNA (eDNA) in biodiversity assessments offers a step-change in sensitivity, throughput and simultaneous measures of ecosystem diversity and function. There remains, however, a need to examine eDNA persistence in the wild through simultaneous temporal measures of eDNA and biota. Here, we use metabarcoding of two markers of different lengths, derived from an annual time series of aqueous lake eDNA to examine temporal shifts in ecosystem biodiversity and in an ecologically important group of macroinvertebrates (Diptera: Chironomidae)...
January 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088363/seasonal-variations-of-u-s-mortality-rates-roles-of-solar-ultraviolet-b-doses-vitamin-d-gene-exp-ression-and-infections
#20
REVIEW
William B Grant, Harjit Pal Bhattoa, Barbara J Boucher
Death rates in the U.S. show a pronounced seasonality. The broad seasonal variation shows about 25% higher death rates in winter than in summer with an additional few percent increase associated with the Christmas and New Year's holidays. A pronounced increase in death rates also starts in mid-September, shortly after the school year begins. The causes of death with large contributions to the observed seasonality include diseases of the circulatory system; the respiratory system; the digestive system; and endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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