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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543420/from-the-foundation-up
#1
Daniel Callahan
In 2019, The Hastings Center will celebrate its fiftieth anniversary. It is more than a bit staggering to think how far we have come since 1969. When I floated the idea of a center on bioethics to my friend and neighbor, psychiatrist Willard Gaylin, at a Christmas party in 1968-even before the word "bioethics" was used-I had only the fuzziest idea of where that would take us. Neither Will nor I had run anything, nor did we know how to raise money to support an organization. We would and did learn how, but much of what we did in those early years was made up on the fly...
May 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538628/the-east-s-injury-control-and-violence-prevention-committee-s-annual-distracted-driving-outreach-event-evaluating-attitude-and-behavior-change-in-high-school-students
#2
Lisa Allee, Tracey Dechert, Sowmya R Rao, Marie Crandall, Ashley Christmas, Alexander Eastman, Thomas Duncan, Shannon Foster
BACKGROUND: The National Center for Statistics and Analysis report at least 8 deaths and 1,160 daily injuries due to distracted driving (DD) in the U.S. Drivers under age 20 are most likely to incur a distraction related fatal crash. We aimed to determine short and long term impact of a multi-modal educational program including student developed interventions, simulated driving experiences, and presentations by law enforcement and medical personnel. METHODS: A single day program aimed at teen DD prevention was conducted at a high school targeting students age 15 to 19 years old...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496537/post-colonoscopy-colonic-perforation-presenting-with-subcutaneous-emphysema-a-case-report
#3
Muhammad Khan, Muhammad Ijaz, Sumera Bukhari, Ahmed Dirweesh, Donald Christmas
Colonoscopy is performed for both diagnostic and therapeutic indications. Although rare, associated complications can be quite serious. The frequency of these complications depends mainly on the skills of the physicians doing the procedure, and the diagnostic or therapeutic indications. Major complications include adverse anesthetic related events, aspiration pneumonia, bleeding, and colonic perforation. We present a rare case of a post-colonoscopy perforation presenting with subcutaneous emphysema and free mediastinal, and intra-peritoneal air...
April 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496532/lack-of-association-between-the-clinical-outcome-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-and-current-steroids-use
#4
Ahmed Dirweesh, Chikezie Alvarez, Muhammad Khan, Bushra Ambreen, Rishitha Yelisetti, Shaikh Fawwad Hamiz, Sana Zia, Muhammad Tahir, Vincent A DeBari, Donald Christmas, Sara Wallach
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcome of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in patients on systemic steroids for various indications to patients not on steroids in term of disease severity, and associated morbidity and mortality. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of all patients with CDI at our hospital from January 2011 to December 2016. Patients were evaluated for baseline characteristics, comorbidities, medications, disease severity, disease-related length of stay (LOS) from the diagnosis of CDI to discharge, need for surgical intervention, and disease-related mortality...
April 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489247/endoscopic-view-of-long-term-patency-of-the-sphenoid-ostium-following-balloon-dilation
#5
Joseph P Mirante, Dewey A Christmas, Eiji Yanagisawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456074/the-paradox-of-public-holidays-hospital-treated-self-harm-and-associated-factors
#6
Eve Griffin, Christina B Dillon, Grace O'Regan, Paul Corcoran, Ivan J Perry, Ella Arensman
BACKGROUND: Recent research on the patterns of self-harm around public holidays is lacking. This study used national data to examine the patterns of hospital-treated self-harm during public holidays, and to examine associated factors. METHODS: Data on self-harm presentations to all emergency departments were obtained from the National Self-Harm Registry Ireland. The association between self-harm presentations and public holidays was examined using univariate and multivariate Poisson regression analyses...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437186/leptospira-species-in-feral-cats-and-black-rats-from-western-australia-and-christmas-island
#7
Narelle A Dybing, Caroline Jacobson, Peter Irwin, David Algar, Peter J Adams
Leptospirosis is a neglected, re-emerging bacterial disease with both zoonotic and conservation implications. Rats and livestock are considered the usual sources of human infection, but all mammalian species are capable of carrying Leptospira spp. and transmitting pathogenic leptospires in their urine, and uncertainty remains about the ecology and transmission dynamics of Leptospira in different regions. In light of a recent case of human leptospirosis on tropical Christmas Island, this study aimed to investigate the role of introduced animals (feral cats and black rats) as carriers of pathogenic Leptospira spp...
May 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428846/long-term-and-widespread-changes-in-agricultural-practices-influence-ring-necked-pheasant-abundance-in-california
#8
Peter S Coates, Brianne E Brussee, Kristy B Howe, Joseph P Fleskes, Ian A Dwight, Daniel P Connelly, Matt G Meshriy, Scott C Gardner
Declines in bird populations in agricultural regions of North America and Europe have been attributed to agricultural industrialization, increases in use of agrochemical application, and increased predation related to habitat modification. Based on count data compiled from Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) from 1974 to 2012, Christmas Bird Count (CBC) collected from 1914 to 2013, and hunter data from Annual Game Take Survey (AGTS) for years 1948-2010, ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) in California have experienced substantial declines in agricultural environments...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424137/improvement-of-treatment-outcomes-after-implementation-of-a-massive-transfusion-protocol-a-level-i-trauma-center-experience
#9
Andrew Nunn, Peter Fischer, Ronald Sing, Megan Templin, Michael Avery, A Britton Christmas
We assessed the effectiveness of the implementation of an institutional massive transfusion protocol (MTP) for resuscitation with a 1:1:1 transfusion ratio of packed red blood cell (PRBC), fresh frozen plasma, and platelet units. In a Level I trauma center database, all trauma admissions (2004-2012) that received massive transfusions (≥10 units PRBCs in the first 24 hours) were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic data, transfusion ratios, and outcomes were compared before (PRE) and after (POST) MTP implementation in May 2008...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414640/richard-morris-christmas-lecture-double-bill
#10
Peter Ranscombe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414637/lessons-learned-from-christmas-lectures
#11
Peter Ranscombe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400974/understanding-challenges-around-implementation-of-specialist-service-recommendations-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#12
Karen J Walker, David M B Christmas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346635/25-years-of-powered-endoscopic-maxillary-antrostomy
#13
Dewey A Christmas, Joseph P Mirante, Eiji Yanagisawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328684/eastern-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-society-of-trauma-nurses-advanced-practitioner-position-paper-optimizing-the-integration-of-advanced-practitioners-in-trauma-and-critical-care
#14
Jonathan Messing, Jasmine Garces-King, Dennis Taylor, Jonathan Van Horn, Babak Sarani, A Britton Christmas
Nurse Practitioners and Physician Assistants, collectively known as advanced practitioners (APs), enhance the provision of care for the acutely injured patient. Despite their prevalence, institutions employ, train, and utilize these providers with significant variability. The Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST), the Society of Trauma Nurses (STN), and the American Association of Surgical Physicians Assistants (AASPA) acknowledge the value of APs and support their utilization in the management of injured and critically ill patients...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325962/harryplax-severus-a-new-genus-and-species-of-an-unusual-coral-rubble-inhabiting-crab-from-guam-crustacea-brachyura-christmaplacidae
#15
Jose C E Mendoza, Peter K L Ng
Harryplax severus, a new genus and species of coral rubble-dwelling pseudozioid crab is described from the island of Guam in the western Pacific Ocean. The unusual morphological features of its carapace, thoracic sternum, eyes, antennules, pereopods and gonopods place it in the family Christmaplacidae Naruse & Ng, 2014. A suite of characters on the cephalothorax, pleon and appendages distinguishes Harryplax severusgen. & sp. n. from the previously sole representative of the family, Christmaplax mirabilis Naruse & Ng, 2014, described from Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320325/-was-that-a-success-or-not-a-success-a-qualitative-study-of-health-professionals-perspectives-on-support-for-people-with-long-term-conditions
#16
John Owens, Vikki A Entwistle, Alan Cribb, Zoë C Skea, Simon Christmas, Heather Morgan, Ian S Watt
BACKGROUND: Support for self-management (SSM) is a prominent strand of health policy internationally, particularly for primary care. It is often discussed and evaluated in terms of patients' knowledge, skills and confidence, health-related behaviours, disease control or risk reduction, and service use and costs. However, these goals are limited, both as guides to professional practice and as indicators of its quality. In order to better understand what it means to support self-management well, we examined health professionals' views of success in their work with people with long-term conditions...
March 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294094/market-organization-and-animal-genetic-resource-management-a-revealed-preference-analysis-of-sheep-pricing
#17
K Tindano, N Moula, P Leroy, A Traoré, N Antoine-Moussiaux
Farm animal genetic resources are threatened worldwide. Participation in markets, while representing a crucial way out of poverty for many smallholders, affects genetic management choices with associated sustainability concerns. This paper proposes a contextualized study of the interactions between markets and animal genetic resources management, in the case of sheep markets in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. It focusses on the organization of marketing chains and the valuation of genetic characteristics by value chain actors...
March 15, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257492/naturally-occurring-hybrids-of-coral-reef-butterflyfishes-have-similar-fitness-compared-to-parental-species
#18
Stefano R Montanari, Jean-Paul A Hobbs, Morgan S Pratchett, Line K Bay, Lynne van Herwerden
Hybridisation can produce evolutionary novelty by increasing fitness and adaptive capacity. Heterosis, or hybrid vigour, has been documented in many plant and animal taxa, and is a notable consequence of hybridisation that has been exploited for decades in agriculture and aquaculture. On the contrary, loss of fitness in naturally occurring hybrid taxa has been observed in many cases. This can have negative consequences for the parental species involved (wasted reproductive effort), and has raised concerns for species conservation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240806/suppression-of-phonon-transport-in-molecular-christmas-trees
#19
Marjan Famili, Iain Grace, Hatef Sadeghi, Colin J Lambert
Minimising the phonon thermal conductance of self-assembled molecular films, whilst preserving their electrical properties, is highly desirable, both for thermal management at the nanoscale and for the design of high-efficiency thermoelectric materials. Here we highlight a new strategy for minimising the phonon thermal conductance of Christmas-tree-like molecules composed of a long trunk, along which phonons can propagate, attached to pendant molecular branches. We demonstrate that phonon transport along the trunk is suppressed by Fano resonances associated with internal vibrational modes of the branches and that thermal conductance is suppressed most-effectively in molecules with pendant branches of different lengths...
May 19, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235861/equations-hfor-o2-and-co2-solubilities-in-saline-and-plasma-combining-temperature-and-density-dependences
#20
Kevin M Christmas, James B Bassingthwaighte
Solubilities of respiratory gasses in water, saline and plasma decrease with rising temperatures and solute concentrations. Henry's Law, C = α(.)P, states: the equilibrium concentration of a dissolved gas is solubility times partial pressure. Solubilities in the water of a solution depend on temperature, and the content of other solutes,. Blood temperatures may differ more than 20°C between skin and heart, and an erythrocyte will undergo that range as blood circulates. The concentrations of O2 and CO2 are the driving force for diffusion, exchanges and for reactions We provide an equation for O2 and CO2, α, that allows for continuous changes in temperature, T, and solution density, ρ, in dynamically changing states: Eqyation This two-exponential expression with a density scalar γ, and a density exponent β, accounts for solubility changes due to density changes of an aqueous solution...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
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