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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428846/long-term-and-widespread-changes-in-agricultural-practices-influence-ring-necked-pheasant-abundance-in-california
#1
Peter S Coates, Brianne E Brussee, Kristy B Howe, Joseph P Fleskes, Ian A Dwight, Daniel P Connelly, Matt G Meshriy, Scott C Gardner
Declines in bird populations in agricultural regions of North America and Europe have been attributed to agricultural industrialization, increases in use of agrochemical application, and increased predation related to habitat modification. Based on count data compiled from Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) from 1974 to 2012, Christmas Bird Count (CBC) collected from 1914 to 2013, and hunter data from Annual Game Take Survey (AGTS) for years 1948-2010, ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) in California have experienced substantial declines in agricultural environments...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424137/improvement-of-treatment-outcomes-after-implementation-of-a-massive-transfusion-protocol-a-level-i-trauma-center-experience
#2
Andrew Nunn, Peter Fischer, Ronald Sing, Megan Templin, Michael Avery, A Britton Christmas
We assessed the effectiveness of the implementation of an institutional massive transfusion protocol (MTP) for resuscitation with a 1:1:1 transfusion ratio of packed red blood cell (PRBC), fresh frozen plasma, and platelet units. In a Level I trauma center database, all trauma admissions (2004-2012) that received massive transfusions (≥10 units PRBCs in the first 24 hours) were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic data, transfusion ratios, and outcomes were compared before (PRE) and after (POST) MTP implementation in May 2008...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414640/richard-morris-christmas-lecture-double-bill
#3
Peter Ranscombe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414637/lessons-learned-from-christmas-lectures
#4
Peter Ranscombe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400974/understanding-challenges-around-implementation-of-specialist-service-recommendations-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#5
Karen J Walker, David M B Christmas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346635/25-years-of-powered-endoscopic-maxillary-antrostomy
#6
Dewey A Christmas, Joseph P Mirante, Eiji Yanagisawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328684/eastern-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-society-of-trauma-nurses-advanced-practitioner-position-paper-optimizing-the-integration-of-advanced-practitioners-in-trauma-and-critical-care
#7
Jonathan Messing, Jasmine Garces-King, Dennis Taylor, Jonathan Van Horn, Babak Sarani, A Britton Christmas
Nurse Practitioners and Physician Assistants, collectively known as advanced practitioners (APs), enhance the provision of care for the acutely injured patient. Despite their prevalence, institutions employ, train, and utilize these providers with significant variability. The Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST), the Society of Trauma Nurses (STN), and the American Association of Surgical Physicians Assistants (AASPA) acknowledge the value of APs and support their utilization in the management of injured and critically ill patients...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325962/harryplax-severus-a-new-genus-and-species-of-an-unusual-coral-rubble-inhabiting-crab-from-guam-crustacea-brachyura-christmaplacidae
#8
Jose C E Mendoza, Peter K L Ng
Harryplax severus, a new genus and species of coral rubble-dwelling pseudozioid crab is described from the island of Guam in the western Pacific Ocean. The unusual morphological features of its carapace, thoracic sternum, eyes, antennules, pereopods and gonopods place it in the family Christmaplacidae Naruse & Ng, 2014. A suite of characters on the cephalothorax, pleon and appendages distinguishes Harryplax severusgen. & sp. n. from the previously sole representative of the family, Christmaplax mirabilis Naruse & Ng, 2014, described from Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320325/-was-that-a-success-or-not-a-success-a-qualitative-study-of-health-professionals-perspectives-on-support-for-people-with-long-term-conditions
#9
John Owens, Vikki A Entwistle, Alan Cribb, Zoë C Skea, Simon Christmas, Heather Morgan, Ian S Watt
BACKGROUND: Support for self-management (SSM) is a prominent strand of health policy internationally, particularly for primary care. It is often discussed and evaluated in terms of patients' knowledge, skills and confidence, health-related behaviours, disease control or risk reduction, and service use and costs. However, these goals are limited, both as guides to professional practice and as indicators of its quality. In order to better understand what it means to support self-management well, we examined health professionals' views of success in their work with people with long-term conditions...
March 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294094/market-organization-and-animal-genetic-resource-management-a-revealed-preference-analysis-of-sheep-pricing
#10
K Tindano, N Moula, P Leroy, A Traoré, N Antoine-Moussiaux
Farm animal genetic resources are threatened worldwide. Participation in markets, while representing a crucial way out of poverty for many smallholders, affects genetic management choices with associated sustainability concerns. This paper proposes a contextualized study of the interactions between markets and animal genetic resources management, in the case of sheep markets in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. It focusses on the organization of marketing chains and the valuation of genetic characteristics by value chain actors...
March 15, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257492/naturally-occurring-hybrids-of-coral-reef-butterflyfishes-have-similar-fitness-compared-to-parental-species
#11
Stefano R Montanari, Jean-Paul A Hobbs, Morgan S Pratchett, Line K Bay, Lynne van Herwerden
Hybridisation can produce evolutionary novelty by increasing fitness and adaptive capacity. Heterosis, or hybrid vigour, has been documented in many plant and animal taxa, and is a notable consequence of hybridisation that has been exploited for decades in agriculture and aquaculture. On the contrary, loss of fitness in naturally occurring hybrid taxa has been observed in many cases. This can have negative consequences for the parental species involved (wasted reproductive effort), and has raised concerns for species conservation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240806/suppression-of-phonon-transport-in-molecular-christmas-trees
#12
Marjan Famili, Iain Grace, Hatef Sadeghi, Colin J Lambert
Minimising the phonon thermal conductance of self-assembled molecular films, whilst preserving their electrical properties, is highly desirable, both for thermal management at the nanoscale and for the design of high-efficiency thermoelectric materials. Here we highlight a new strategy for minimising the phonon thermal conductance of Christmas-tree-like molecules composed of a long trunk, along which phonons can propagate, attached to pendant molecular branches. We demonstrate that phonon transport along the trunk is suppressed by Fano resonances associated with internal vibrational modes of the branches and that thermal conductance is suppressed most-effectively in molecules with pendant branches of different lengths...
February 27, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235861/equations-hfor-o2-and-co2-solubilities-in-saline-and-plasma-combining-temperature-and-density-dependences
#13
Kevin M Christmas, James B Bassingthwaighte
Solubilities of respiratory gasses in water, saline and plasma decrease with rising temperatures and solute concentrations. Henry's Law, C = α(.)P, states: the equilibrium concentration of a dissolved gas is solubility times partial pressure. Solubilities in the water of a solution depend on temperature, and the content of other solutes,. Blood temperatures may differ more than 20°C between skin and heart, and an erythrocyte will undergo that range as blood circulates. The concentrations of O2 and CO2 are the driving force for diffusion, exchanges and for reactions We provide an equation for O2 and CO2, α, that allows for continuous changes in temperature, T, and solution density, ρ, in dynamically changing states: Eqyation This two-exponential expression with a density scalar γ, and a density exponent β, accounts for solubility changes due to density changes of an aqueous solution...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217437/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-in-a-healthy-young-female-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Ahmed Dirweesh, Chikezie Alvarez, Muhammad Khan, Donald Christmas
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is an uncommon finding in young adults presenting usually without any comorbidities or an underlying pathology. It is most commonly due to alveolar rupture in the setting of an inciting event such an underlying asthma, barotrauma, valsalva maneuver, or esophageal rupture. Individuals can have varying presentations, from chest pain, dyspnea and dysphagia, to anxiety, weakness, or facial and neck swelling. The majority of patients have subcutaneous emphysema on examination and can have abnormal laboratory findings such as an elevated C-reactive proteins and leukocytosis...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214947/the-redistribution-of-non-breeding-dunlins-in-response-to-the-post-ddt-recovery-of-falcons
#15
Ronald C Ydenberg, Jennifer Barrett, David B Lank, Cailin Xu, Michiel Faber
Large-scale changes in predator populations are occurring worldwide due to (re-)introductions, over-exploitation, or recovery after decimation by pesticides and persecution. These widespread changes may affect the distribution of their prey. We studied the continental-scale distributions of non-breeding Calidris alpina pacifica and C. a. hudsonia (Pacific and Atlantic dunlins, respectively), as numbers of their major predators-peregrines (Falco peregrinus) and merlins (F. columbarius; together 'falcons')-increased after DDT was banned in 1973...
April 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211037/diffuse-scarring-alopecia-in-a-female-pattern-hair-loss-distribution
#16
Bonnie Fergie, Gurpreet Khaira, Vicki Howard, Sally de Zwaan
We describe three cases of hair loss in a female pattern hair loss (FPHL) distribution with histologic features of lichen planopilaris (LPP). All patients had a history of diffuse, gradual hair loss in a Christmas tree pattern that clinically presented as FPHL on gross and dermoscopic examination. Notably, there were no characteristic clinical signs of LPP and no histologic features of FPHL. These cases are most consistent with cicatricial pattern hair loss (CPHL). This relatively new entity is similar to fibrosing alopecia in a pattern distribution (FAPD) in that they are both scarring alopecias confined to a FPHL distribution, but CPHL lacks the clinical signs of perifollicular erythema and perifollicular keratosis seen in FAPD...
February 17, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210187/christmas-tree-cataract
#17
Neha Goel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190576/field-portable-xrf-reveals-the-ubiquity-of-antimony-in-plastic-consumer-products
#18
Andrew Turner, Montserrat Filella
Very little systematic information exists on the occurrence and concentrations of antimony (Sb) in consumer products. In this study, a Niton XL3t field-portable-X-ray fluorescence (FP-XRF) spectrometer was deployed in situ and in the laboratory to provide quantitative information on Sb dissipated in plastic items and fixtures (including rubber, textile and foamed materials) from the domestic, school, vehicular and office settings. The metalloid was detected in 18% of over 800 measurements performed, with concentrations ranging from about 60 to 60,000μgg(-1)...
April 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187570/first-record-of-cephenniini-on-christmas-island-with-updated-checklist-of-world-i-cephennomicrus-i-species-and-summary-of-their-distribution-coleoptera-staphylinidae-scydmaeninae
#19
Paweł Jałoszyński
The tribe Cephenniini is reported for the first time to occur on Christmas Island (external territory of the Commonwealth of Australia). Cephennomicrus lawrencei sp. n. is described and illustrated; the new species shows similarities to several Oriental and Japanese congeners, with the endophallic complex of long flagellum flanked by elongate sclerites especially similar to that of Indonesian C. fesumatranus Jałoszyński. The distribution of world Cephennomicrus species is summarized, ranging from southern and central-eastern Africa, Madagascar, Indian Ocean islands, through Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, south-eastern China and Taiwan, the Ryukyus and Tsushima Island, eastern Papua New Guinea to Australia and southern Pacific islands...
February 6, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176551/-calm-compassionate-paula-helped-me-through-severe-depression
#20
(no author information available yet)
I met healthcare assistant Paula Lawrence within the first two days of my admission to the Welland Centre for patients with mental health difficulties. I was an inpatient for 12 days, right through Christmas.
February 8, 2017: Nursing Standard
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