keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fluoro jade

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455449/role-of-exosomes-derived-from-mir-133b-modified-mscs-in-an-experimental-rat-model-of-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#1
Haitao Shen, Xiyang Yao, Haiying Li, Xiang Li, Tiejun Zhang, Qing Sun, Chengyuan Ji, Gang Chen
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) has poor outcomes due to high mortality and morbidity, but until now, the effective treatments remain limited. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are vital regulators of gene expression and demonstrated to be linked to the pathogenesis of various central nervous system (CNS) diseases. Exosomes are considered as cell-to-cell communication vectors and secreted largely by mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). The present study investigated the role of miR-133b delivered by exosomes secreted from MSCs to brain tissues in rats after ICH...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454994/epigallocatechin-3-gallate-loaded-pegylated-plga-nanoparticles-a-new-anti-seizure-strategy-for-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#2
Amanda Cano, Miren Ettcheto, Marta Espina, Carmen Auladell, Ana Cristina Calpena, Jaume Folch, Marta Barenys, Elena Sánchez-López, Antoni Camins, Maria Luisa García
Temporal lobe epilepsy is the most common type of pharmacoresistant epilepsy in adults. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate has aroused much interest because of its multiple therapeutic effects, but its instability compromises the potential effectiveness. PEGylated-PLGA nanoparticles of Epigallocatechin-3-gallate were designed to protect the drug and to increase the brain delivery. Nanoparticles were prepared by the double emulsion method and cytotoxicity, behavioural, Fluoro-Jade C, Iba1 and GFAP immunohistochemistry studies were carried out to determine their effectiveness...
February 15, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376880/the-role-of-rosemary-extract-in-degeneration-of-hippocampal-neurons-induced-by-kainic-acid-in-the-rat-a%C3%A2-behavioral-and-histochemical-approach
#3
Elahe Naderali, Farnaz Nikbakht, Sattar Norouzi Ofogh, Homa Rasoolijazi
Systemic Kainic Acid (KA) administration has been used to induce experimental temporal lobe epilepsy in rats. The aim of this study was to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of rosemary extract (RE, 40% Carnosic acid) against KA-induced neurotoxicity in hippocampus and impaired learning and memory. Animals received a single dose of KA (9.5 mg/kg) intraperitoneally (i.p.) (KA group) and were observed for 2 h and were scored from 0 (for normal, no convulsion) to 5 (for continuous generalized limbic seizures)...
2018: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361881/dimethyl-fumarate-attenuates-neuroinflammation-and-neurobehavioral-deficits-induced-by-experimental-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Giovanna Casili, Michela Campolo, Irene Paterniti, Marika Lanza, Alessia Filippone, Salvatore Cuzzocrea, Emanuela Esposito
TBI is a serious neuropathology that causes secondary injury mechanisms, including dynamic interplay between ischemic, inflammatory and cytotoxic processes. Fumaric acid esters (FAEs) showed beneficial effects in preclinical models of neuroinflammation and toxic oxidative stress, so the aim of the present work was to evaluate the potential beneficial effects of dimethyl fumarate (DMF), the most pharmacologically effective molecules among the FAEs, in a mouse model of TBI induced by controlled cortical impact (CCI)...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354885/neuronal-loss-and-gliosis-in-the-rat-striatum-subjected-to-15-and-30-minutes-of-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion
#5
Joon Ha Park, Jeong Hwi Cho, Ji Hyeon Ahn, Soo Young Choi, Tae-Kyeong Lee, Jae-Chul Lee, Bich Na Shin, Seongkweon Hong, Yong Hwan Jeon, Young-Myeong Kim, In Koo Hwang, Young Joo Lee, Moo-Ho Won, Il Jun Kang
Selective neuronal death or loss in certain brain regions has been well characterized in animal models of transient global cerebral ischemia. However, selective neuronal death in transient focal cerebral ischemia needs more investigation. Therefore, in this study, we studied selective neuronal death in the striatum (caudate putamen) of rats subjected to 15 or 30 min middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Neuronal death occurred in the dorsolateral field, not in the medial field in 30 min, not 15 min, MCAO-operated rats 5 days after MCAO using neuronal nuclear antigen immunohistochemistry and Fluoro-Jade B histofluorescence staining...
January 21, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344864/laser-capture-microdissection-in-traumatic-brain-injury-research-obtaining-hippocampal-subregions-and-pools-of-injured-neurons-for-genomic-analyses
#6
Deborah R Boone, Harris A Weisz, Stacy L Sell, Helen L Hellmich
The methods presented here are based on our laboratory's 15 years of experience using laser capture microdissection to obtain samples for the study of gene expression after traumatic brain injury (TBI) using a well-established rat model of experimental TBI. Here, we describe how to use the ArcturusXT laser capture microdissection system to capture swaths of specific regions of the rat hippocampus as well as specific neuronal populations defined by Fluoro-Jade C staining. Staining with Fluoro-Jade C identifies a neuron that is in the process of degeneration...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316696/protective-effects-of-protocatechuic-acid-on-seizure-induced-neuronal-death
#7
Song Hee Lee, Bo Young Choi, A Ra Kho, Jeong Hyun Jeong, Dae Ki Hong, Sang Hwon Lee, Sang Yup Lee, Min Woo Lee, Hong Ki Song, Hui Chul Choi, Sang Won Suh
Protocatechuic acid (PCA) is a type of phenolic acid found in green tea and has been shown to have potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the effect of PCA on pilocarpine seizure-induced neuronal death in the hippocampus has not been evaluated. In the present study, we investigated the potential therapeutic effects of PCA on seizure-induced brain injury. Epileptic seizure was induced by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of pilocarpine (25 mg/kg) in adult male rats, and PCA (30 mg/kg) was injected into the intraperitoneal space for three consecutive days after the seizure...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313599/neurodegeneration-in-zebrafish-embryos-and-adults-after-cadmium-exposure
#8
Antonio Monaco, Teresa Capriello, Maria C Grimaldi, Valentina Schiano, Ida Ferrandino
Cadmium is a biologically non-essential metal. It is also toxic to many organs including the brain. The aim of this study was to analyse the neurodegenerative effects of this metal in embryos and adults of zebrafish exposed to sub-lethal concentrations of cadmium. The study was performed by cytochemical stainings. Six hours after fertilisation (hpf) zebrafish embryos were treated for 24 hours with 9 μM of cadmium and subsequently stained with Acridine orange in whole mount to detect apoptosis in the brain...
October 19, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309205/effects-of-fractionated-whole-brain-irradiation-on-cellular-composition-and-cognitive-function-in-the-rat-brain
#9
Soňa Bálentová, Eva Hajtmanová, Barbora Filová, Veronika Borbélyová, Ján Lehotský, Marian Adamkov
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was investigate whether histopathological changes in the neurogenic region correlate with appropriate cognitive impairment in the experimental model of radiation-induced brain injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult male Wistar rats randomized into sham (0 Gy) and 2 experimental groups (survived 30 and 100 days after treatment) received fractionated whole-brain irradiation (one 5Gy fraction/week for 4 weeks) with a total dose of 20 Gy of gamma rays...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244151/diffusion-weighted-imaging-detects-early-brain-injury-after-hypothermic-circulatory-arrest-in-pigs
#10
Ren Wang, Guoxing Weng, Shun Yu, Shuangbo Dai, Weiwei Zhang, Feng Zhu
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral injury is a complication of surgery with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA). This study aimed to evaluate diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for the early detection of brain injury after DHCA in an animal model. METHODS: Twelve healthy, adult, male miniature pigs were randomly divided into the DHCA (to receive DHCA; n = 6) and the control (sham surgery under anaesthesia; n = 6) groups. All animals received DWI, T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) and T2WI the day before surgery, 7 h postoperatively and 24 h postoperatively...
December 12, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233659/klotho-upregulation-contributes-to-the-neuroprotection-of-ligustilide-against-cerebral-ischemic-injury-in-mice
#11
Fang-Yi Long, Men-Qi Shi, Hong-Jing Zhou, Dong-Ling Liu, Na Sang, Jun-Rong Du
Klotho, an aging-suppressor gene, encodes a protein that potentially acts as a neuroprotective factor. Our previous studies showed that ligustilide minimizes the cognitive dysfunction and brain damage induced by cerebral ischemia; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study aims to investigate whether klotho is involved in the protective effects of ligustilide against cerebral ischemic injury in mice. Cerebral ischemia was induced by bilateral common carotid arterial occlusion. Neurobehavioral tests as well as Nissl and Fluoro-Jade B staining were used to evaluate the protective effects of ligustilide in cerebral ischemia, and Western blotting and ELISA approaches were used to investigate the underlying mechanisms...
December 9, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209207/antiepileptic-and-neuroprotective-effects-of-oleamide-in-rat-striatum-on-kainate-induced-behavioral-seizure-and-excitotoxic-damage-via-calpain-inhibition
#12
Hye Yeon Nam, Eun Jung Na, Eunyoung Lee, Youngjoo Kwon, Hwa-Jung Kim
Oleamide was first known as a sleep-inducing fatty acid amide, and later shown to have wide range of neuropharmacological effects upon different neurochemical systems. However, the effects of oleamide on brain damage have scarcely been studied, and the molecular mechanisms and sites of its action remain elusive. Kainic acid (KA) has been used to produce an epileptic animal model that mimics human temporal lobe epilepsy and to induce calpain-activated excitotoxicity, which occurs in numerous neurodegenerative disorders...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203398/metyrapone-prevents-acute-glucose-hypermetabolism-and-short-term-brain-damage-induced-by-intrahippocampal-administration-of-4-aminopyridine-in-rats
#13
Luis García-García, Rubén Fernández de la Rosa, Mercedes Delgado, Ágata Silván, Pablo Bascuñana, Jens P Bankstahl, Francisca Gomez, Miguel A Pozo
Intracerebral administration of the potassium channel blocker 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) triggers neuronal depolarization and intense acute seizure activity followed by neuronal damage. We have recently shown that, in the lithium-pilocarpine rat model of status epilepticus, a single administration of metyrapone, an inhibitor of the 11β-hydroxylase enzyme, had protective properties of preventive nature against signs of brain damage and neuroinflammation. Herein, our aim was to investigate to which extent, pretreatment with metyrapone (150 mg/kg, i...
December 1, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170981/natural-dietary-supplementation-of-anthocyanins-via-pi3k-akt-nrf2-ho-1-pathways-mitigate-oxidative-stress-neurodegeneration-and-memory-impairment-in-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Tahir Ali, Taehyun Kim, Shafiq Ur Rehman, Muhammad Sohail Khan, Faiz Ul Amin, Mehtab Khan, Muhammad Ikram, Myeong Ok Kim
Well-established studies have shown an elevated level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that induces oxidative stress in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) patient's brain and an animal model of AD. Herein, we investigated the underlying anti-oxidant neuroprotective mechanism of natural dietary supplementation of anthocyanins extracted from Korean black beans in the amyloid precursor protein/presenilin-1 (APP/PS1) mouse model of AD. Both in vivo (APP/PS1 mice) and in vitro (mouse hippocampal HT22 cells) results demonstrated that anthocyanins regulate the phosphorylated-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-Akt-glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (p-PI3K/Akt/GSK3β) pathways and consequently attenuate amyloid beta oligomer (AβO)-induced elevations in ROS level and oxidative stress via stimulating the master endogenous anti-oxidant system of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (Nrf2/HO-1) pathways and prevent apoptosis and neurodegeneration by suppressing the apoptotic and neurodegenerative markers such as activation of caspase-3 and PARP-1 expression as well as the TUNEL and Fluoro-Jade B-positive neuronal cells in the APP/PS1 mice...
November 23, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168791/administration-of-protocatechuic-acid-reduces-traumatic-brain-injury-induced-neuronal-death
#15
Sang Hwon Lee, Bo Young Choi, Song Hee Lee, A Ra Kho, Jeong Hyun Jeong, Dae Ki Hong, Sang Won Suh
Protocatechuic acid (PCA) was first purified from green tea and has shown numerous biological activities, including anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-atherosclerotic effects. The effect of PCA on traumatic brain injury (TBI)-induced neuronal death has not previously been evaluated. TBI is defined as damage to the brain resulting from external mechanical force, such as rapid acceleration or deceleration, impact, blast waves, or penetration by a projectile. TBI causes neuronal death in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160141/effects-of-mild-blast-traumatic-brain-injury-on-cerebral-vascular-histopathological-and-behavioral-outcomes-in-rats
#16
Uylissa A Rodriguez, Yaping Zeng, Donald James Deyo, Margaret O Parsley, Bridget E Hawkins, Donald S Prough, Douglas DeWitt
To determine the effects of mild blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI), several groups of rats were subjected to blast injury or sham injury in a compressed air-driven shock tube. The effects of bTBI on relative cerebral perfusion (laser Doppler flowmetry, LDF), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) cerebral vascular resistance were measured for two hrs post-bTBI. Dilator responses to reduced intravascular pressure were measured in isolated middle cerebral arterial (MCA) segments, ex vivo, 30 and 60 min post-bTBI...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154281/gradual-cerebral-hypoperfusion-impairs-fear-conditioning-and-object-recognition-learning-and-memory-in-mice-potential-roles-of-neurodegeneration-and-cholinergic-dysfunction
#17
Jogender Mehla, Sean Lacoursiere, Emily Stuart, Robert J McDonald, Majid H Mohajerani
In the present study, male C57BL/6J mice were subjected to gradual cerebral hypoperfusion by implanting an ameroid constrictor (AC) on the left common carotid artery (CCA) and a stenosis on the right CCA. In the sham group, all surgical procedures were kept the same except no AC was implanted and stenosis was not performed. One month following the surgical procedures, fear conditioning and object recognition tests were conducted to evaluate learning and memory functions and motor functions were assessed using a balance beam test...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134540/acute-connexin43-temporal-and-spatial-expression-in-response-to-ischemic-stroke
#18
Moises Freitas-Andrade, Jennifer She, John Bechberger, Christian C Naus, Wun Chey Sin
Connexin43 (Cx43) gap junctions expressed in astrocytes can significantly impact neuronal survival in stroke. However, little is known regarding Cx43 spatial and temporal expression during the initial stages of brain ischemia. Using immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis, we examined Cx43 spatial and temporal expression as a function of neuronal injury within the first 24 h after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO). Western blot analysis showed a significant increase in Cx43 protein expression in the core ischemic area at 2 and 3 h after pMCAO...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113928/cerebral-malaria-causes-enduring-behavioral-and-molecular-changes-in-mice-brain-without-causing-gross-histopathological-damage
#19
Thaíze Lopes de Souza, Ana Claudia Beck Grauncke, Leandro Rodrigo Ribeiro, Fernanda Kulinski Mello, Sara Marchesan Oliveira, Fátima Brant, Fabiana S Machado, Mauro Schneider Oliveira
Malaria, parasitic disease considered a major health public problem, is caused by Plasmodium protozoan genus and transmitted by the bite of infected female Anopheles mosquito genus. Cerebral malaria (CM) is the most severe presentation of malaria, caused by P. falciparum and responsible for high mortality and enduring development of cognitive deficits which may persist even after cure and cessation of therapy. In the present study we evaluated selected behavioral, neurochemical and neuropathologic parameters after rescue from experimental cerebral malaria caused by P...
November 4, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113305/vinpocetine-alleviate-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-down-regulating-tlr4-myd88-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling
#20
Li-Rong Wu, Liang Liu, Xiao-Yi Xiong, Qin Zhang, Fa-Xiang Wang, Chang-Xiong Gong, Qi Zhong, Yuan-Rui Yang, Zhao-You Meng, Qing-Wu Yang
Inflammatory responses play crucial roles in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is an important mediator of the neuroinflammatory response to cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Vinpocetine is a derivative of the alkaloid vincamine and exerts an anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting NF-κB activation. However, the effects of vinpocetine on pathways upstream of NF-κB signaling, such as TLR4, have not been fully elucidated. Here, we used mouse middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and cell-based oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) models to evaluate the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of vinpocetine treatment...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
keyword
keyword
8685
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"