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Tony Pham, Katherine A Forrest, KaiJie Chen, Amrit Kumar, Michael J Zaworotko, Brian Space
Molecular simulations of CO2 and H2 sorption were performed in MPM-1-Cl and MPM-1-TIFSIX, two robust molecular porous materials (MPMs) with the empirical formula [Cu2(adenine)4Cl2]Cl2 and [Cu2(adenine)4(TiF6)2], respectively. Recent experimental studies have shown that MPM-1-TIFSIX displayed higher CO2 uptake and isosteric heat of adsorption (Qst) than MPM-1-Cl [Nugent, P. S.; et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 10950-10953.]. This was verified through the simulations executed herein, as the presented simulated CO2 sorption isotherms and Qst values are in very good agreement with the corresponding experimental data for both MPMs...
October 17, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
A Shohet, A Khlebtovsky, N Roizen, Y Roditi, R Djaldetti
BACKGROUND: Cannabis can alleviate pain of various etiologies. This study assessed the effect of cannabis on motor symptoms and pain parameters in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Twenty patients with PD who were licensed to use cannabis underwent evaluation before and 30 min after cannabis consumption and again after long-term use. Motor function was assessed with the Unified PD Rating scale (UPDRS) by two raters, one blinded. Pain was assessed with the Pain Rating Index (PRI) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) of the short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Sujoy Bandyopadhyay, Amith G Anil, Anto James, Abhijit Patra
A series of porous organic polymers (POPs) were fabricated based on the boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY) core. The variation of the substituents in the BODIPY core and the fine tuning of the Sonogashira polycondenzation reaction with 1,3,5-triethynylbenzene led to the formation of POPs with a wide range of surface area and porosity. A tenfold increase in surface area from 73 m2g-1 in BDT1a polymer to 1010 m2g-1 in BDT3 was obtained. Simultaneously, the porosity was changed from mesoporous to ultramicroporous. The surface area of BDT3 turned out to be the highest reported so far for BODIPY based POPs...
October 3, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Anat Galor, Roy C Levitt, Katherine T McManus, Jerry P Kalangara, Benjamin E Seiden, Jasmine J Park, Derek B Covington, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Elizabeth R Felix
Importance: Somatosensory dysfunction likely underlies dry eye (DE) symptoms in many individuals yet remains an understudied component of the disease. Its presence has important diagnostic and therapeutic implications. Objective: To assess the integrity of nociceptive system processes in persons with DE and ocular pain using quantitative sensory testing (QST) techniques applied at a site remote from the eye. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study conducted at Miami Veterans Affairs Hospital included 118 individuals with a wide variety of DE symptoms and signs...
September 29, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
Herta Flor, Dirk Rasche, Ariyan Pirayesh Islamian, Claudia Rolko, Pinar Yilmaz, Marc Ruppolt, H Holger Capelle, Volker Tronnier, Joachim K Krauss
BACKGROUND: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is characterized by paroxysmal pain attacks affecting the somatosensory distributions of the trigeminal nerve. It is thought to be associated with a neurovascular conflict most frequently, but pathomechanisms have not been fully elucidated. In general, no sensory deficit is found in routine clinical examination. There is limited data available, however, showing subtle subclinical sensory deficits upon extensive testing. OBJECTIVE: We used quantitative sensory testing (QST) to detect abnormalities in sensory processing in patients with TN by comparing the affected and non-affected nerve branches with their contralateral counterparts and by comparing the results of the patients with those of controls...
September 2016: Pain Physician
Anna Marcuzzi, Catherine M Dean, Paul J Wrigley, Rosemary J Chakiath, Julia M Hush
Quantitative sensory testing (QST) measures have recently been shown to predict outcomes in various musculoskeletal and pain conditions. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the emerging body of evidence investigating the prognostic value of QST measures in people with low back pain (LBP). The protocol for this review was prospectively registered on the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews. An electronic search of six databases was conducted from inception to October 2015. Experts in the field were contacted to retrieve additional unpublished data...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
Anja Tschugg, Sara Lener, Sebastian Hartmann, Sabrina Neururer, Matthias Wildauer, Claudius Thomé, Wolfgang N Löscher
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have investigated sensory recovery in patients with lumbar disc herniation using rather subjective methods. There have been no reports on changes of sensory function in patients suffering from a preoperative sensory deficit using quantitative sensory testing (QST). The aims of this prospective study were (1) to assess the recovery of preoperative sensory dysfunction after lumbar sequestrectomy and (2) to quantify the strength of relationship between a sensory deficit and the patient's quality of life...
September 16, 2016: European Spine Journal
Seung-Joon Lee, Tae-Ung Yoon, Ah-Reum Kim, Seo-Yul Kim, Kyung-Ho Cho, Young Kyu Hwang, Jei-Won Yeon, Youn-Sang Bae
The separation of xenon/krypton mixtures is important for both environmental and industrial purposes. The potential of three hydrothermally stable MOFs (MIL-100(Fe), MIL-101(Cr), and UiO-66(Zr)) for use in Xe/Kr separation has been experimentally investigated. From the observed single-component Xe and Kr isotherms, isosteric heat of adsorption (Qst(o)), and IAST-predicted Xe/Kr selectivities, we observed that UiO-66(Zr) has the most potential as an adsorbent among the three candidate MOFs. We performed dynamic breakthrough experiments with an adsorption bed filled with UiO-66(Zr) to evaluate further the potential of UiO-66(Zr) for Xe/Kr separation under mixture flow conditions...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Danilo Augusto Santos Pereira, Paulo Ceresini, Vanina Lilián Castroagudín, Lina Maria Ramos Molina, Edisson Chavarro Mesa, Matheus Mereb Negrisoli, Samara Nunes Campos, Mauro Eduardo de Souza Pegolo, Hélio Minoru Takada
The fungus Rhizoctonia oryzae-sativae is an important pathogen that causes the aggregated sheath spot disease on rice. In this study, we investigated the genetic structure of rice-adapted populations of R. oryzae-sativae sampled from traditional rice-cropping areas from the Paraíba Valley, São Paulo, Brazil, and from Meta, in the Colombian Llanos, in South America. We used five microsatellite loci to measure population differentiation and infer the pathogen's reproductive system. Gene flow was detected among the three populations of the R...
August 29, 2016: Phytopathology
Helen O'Leary, Keith M Smart, Niamh A Moloney, Catherine M Doody
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that peripheral and central nervous system sensitization can contribute to the overall pain experience in peripheral musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions. It is unclear, however, whether sensitization of the nervous system results in poorer outcomes following the treatment. This systematic review investigated whether nervous system sensitization in peripheral MSK conditions predicts poorer clinical outcomes in response to a surgical or conservative intervention...
August 19, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Yechiel Z Burke, Lior Lowenstein
INTRODUCTION: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is multifactorial, with psychological and organic elements. Genital sensation, an important component of sexual response, has until recently not been subjected to adequate clinical appraisal. During the past 15 years we have performed Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) to assess genital sensation in healthy women and women with FSD. AIM: To review available evidence of QST in the investigation of genital sensation in women with FSD...
April 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
Julia Gehling, Tina Mainka, Jan Vollert, Esther M Pogatzki-Zahn, Christoph Maier, Elena K Enax-Krumova
BACKGROUND: Conditioned Pain Modulation (CPM) is often used to assess human descending pain inhibition. Nine different studies on the test-retest-reliability of different CPM paradigms have been published, but none of them has investigated the commonly used heat-cold-pain method. The results vary widely and therefore, reliability measures cannot be extrapolated from one CPM paradigm to another. Aim of the present study was to analyse the test-retest-reliability of the common heat-cold-pain method and its correlation to pain thresholds...
2016: BMC Neurology
Imanuel Lerman, Bryan A Davis, Tobias Moeller Bertram, James Proudfoot, Richard L Hauger, Christopher L Coe, Piyush M Patel, Dewleen G Baker
OBJECTIVE: Although posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and chronic pain frequently occur in tandem, the pathophysiological mechanisms mediating this comorbidity are poorly understood. Because excessive inflammation occurs in both conditions, we examined the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of inflammatory response mediators interleukin 1-beta (IL-1β), interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) and interleukin 10 (IL-10) after prolonged suprathreshold pain stimulus in 21 male combat veterans; 10 with PTSD and 11 combat controls (CC)...
November 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
M Gram, J Erlenwein, F Petzke, D Falla, M Przemeck, M I Emons, M Reuster, S S Olesen, A M Drewes
BACKGROUND: Opioids are often used for pain treatment, but the response is often insufficient and dependent on e.g. the pain condition, genetic factors and drug class. Thus, there is an urgent need to identify biomarkers to enable selection of the appropriate drug for the individual patient, a concept known as personalized medicine. Quantitative sensory testing (QST) and clinical parameters can provide some guidance for response, but better and more objective biomarkers are urgently warranted...
July 29, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Alejandra González-Duarte, Mónica Lem-Carrillo, Lorena Guerrero-Torres
BACKGROUND: Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) is more often used because of the increasing recognition of small fiber neuropathy. METHODS: We studied QST in a systematic way in an age-stratified cohort of 83 neurological-free Hispanic Latinamerican patients. Predefined standardized stimuli were applied using the method of limits. RESULTS: WDT range from 2.2 to 3.3°C in hands, and from 4.0°C up to 6.6°C in feet. Cold detection threshold range from 2...
July 2016: Brain and Behavior
Tony Pham, Katherine A Forrest, Brian Space
Simulations of H2 sorption were performed in PCN-14, a metal-organic framework (MOF) that consists of Cu(2+) ions coordinated to 5,5'-(9,10-anthracenediyl)diisophthalate (adip) linkers. This MOF displays an excess H2 uptake of 2.70 wt% at 77 K and 1.0 atm and an initial H2Qst value of 8.6 kJ mol(-1) according to previous experimental measurements. The experimental H2 sorption isotherms and Qst values in PCN-14 were reproduced in simulations using well-known H2 potentials that have been widely used for MOF-H2 theoretical studies...
August 3, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Robert R Edwards, Andrew J Dolman, Marc O Martel, Patrick H Finan, Asimina Lazaridou, Marise Cornelius, Ajay D Wasan
BACKGROUND: Patients with painful knee osteoarthritis (OA) demonstrate hyperalgesia and altered pain-modulatory responses. While some prior work has demonstrated cross-sectional associations between laboratory and clinical pain measures, it is unknown whether individual variability in quantitative sensory testing (QST) responses at baseline can prospectively predict analgesic treatment responses. METHOD: Patients with knee OA (n = 35) were compared on QST responses to a demographically-matched pain-free control group (n = 39), after which patients completed a month-long treatment study of diclofenac sodium topical gel (1 %), applied up to 4 times daily...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Elizabeth R Milano, Amanda M Kenney, Thomas E Juenger
Plant-pollinator interactions are thought to be major drivers of floral trait diversity. However, the relative importance of divergent pollinator-mediated selection versus neutral processes in floral character evolution has rarely been explored. We tested for adaptive floral trait evolution by comparing differentiation at neutral genetic loci to differentiation at quantitative floral traits in a putative Ipomopsis aggregata hybrid zone. Typical I. aggregata subsp. candida displays slender white tubular flowers that are typical of flowers pollinated by hawkmoths and subsp...
July 9, 2016: Molecular Ecology
H Ohnesorge, A Alpes, R Baron, J Gierthmühlen
OBJECTIVE: The clinical relevance of pro- and hyperalgesic effects of opioids is still a matter of debate. Particularly for remifentanil, an increased postoperative need for analgesics has been demonstrated suggesting opioid-induced hyperalgesia as a possible cause. The aim of the study was therefore to investigate the effect of intraoperatively applied remifentanil compared to sufentanil on somatosensory thresholds investigated with the quantitative sensory testing (QST) battery of the German Research Network on Neuropathic Pain (DFNS)...
July 8, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Ko Dezawa, Noboru Noma, Kosuke Watanabe, Yuka Sato, Ryutaro Kohashi, Morio Tonogi, Gary Heir, Eli Eliav, Yoshiki Imamura
We examined the short-term surgical effects of orthognathic surgery on somatosensory function. Observations were made over a short period: 3 months postoperatively. In total, 14 patients and 32 healthy controls participated. Among the 14 patients, one underwent bilateral sagittal split osteotomy alone and 13 underwent bilateral sagittal split osteotomy in combination with a Le Fort I osteotomy. A modified quantitative sensory testing (QST) protocol (the German Research Network on Neuropathic Pain, DFNS) was used to evaluate clinically the skin of the chin for sensory disturbances before surgery and at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months postoperatively...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
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