keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

IGT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040976/diagnosing-psychopathy-through-emotional-regulation-tasks-heart-rate-variability-versus-implicit-association-test
#1
Gerardo Flórez, Xosé A Vila, María J Lado, Pedro Cuesta, Ventura Ferrer, Luis S García, María R Crespo, Manuel Pérez
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, the assessment of psychopathy relies on semistructured interviews plus file reviews. In order to improve the predictive validity of psychopathy at the individual level, tools that are not based on the rating of signs and symptoms are in great need. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The present study was conducted in a representative sample of 204 Spanish sentenced inmates. These inmates have served at least 6 months of their sentence at the Pereiro de Aguiar (Ourense, Spain) penitentiary...
October 18, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040530/the-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-is-not-increased-in-normal-weight-women-with-pcos
#2
Rasa Pelanis, Jan Roar Mellembakken, Inger Sundström-Poromaa, Pernille Ravn, Laure Morin-Papunen, Juha S Tapanainen, Terhi Piltonen, Johanna Puurunen, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg, Peter Fedorcsak, Marianne Andersen, Dorte Glintborg
STUDY QUESTION: Is oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) needed in all women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? SUMMARY QNSWER: OGTT is not routinely needed in women with PCOS and BMI < 25 kg/m2. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PCOS is associated with insulin resistance and increased prevalence of prediabetes and Type 2 diabetes (T2D) which is closely linked to obesity and possibly age, ethnicity and PCOS phenotype. Several guidelines recommend OGTT upon diagnosis of PCOS and during follow-up...
September 29, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039824/-influence-of-modifiable-cardiovascular-risk-factors-on-antihypertensive-therapy-efficiency-escape
#3
O O Mikhailova, A Yu Litvin, A N Rogoza
AIM: To evaluate the influence of cardiovascular risk factors on antihypertensive therapy (AHT) efficiency escape (EE). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data on 59 patients with grades 1-3 hypertension (Stages I-II) were analyzed. During chosen AHT, 24-hour blood pressure monitoring was done at baseline, 1 and 3 months after beginning the observation to identify/rule out the AHT EE phenomenon. RESULTS: The AHT EE group (Group 1) as compared with the group that needed no therapy correction within 3 months (Group 2) was observed to have the following: elevated fasting blood glucose levels (FBGL) (5...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032769/amphetamine-modestly-improves-conners-continuous-performance-test-performance-in-healthy-adults
#4
David A MacQueen, Arpi Minassian, Brook L Henry, Mark A Geyer, Jared W Young, William Perry
OBJECTIVES: Amphetamine improves vigilance as assessed by continuous performance tests (CPT) in children and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Less is known, however, regarding amphetamine effects on vigilance in healthy adults. Thus, it remains unclear whether amphetamine produces general enhancement of vigilance or if these effects are constrained to the remediation of deficits in patients with ADHD. METHODS: We tested 69 healthy adults (35 female) on a standardized CPT (Conner's CPT-2) after receiving 10- or 20-mg d-amphetamine or placebo...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027648/prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-with-the-chinese-herbal-medicine-tianqi-capsule-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Bing Pang, Ying Zhang, Jing Liu, Li-Sha He, Yu-Jiao Zheng, Feng-Mei Lian, Xiao-Lin Tong
INTRODUCTION: Prevention of the rapid growth in incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a big challenge for clinicians. In China, many trials have indicated that Tianqi capsule, which contains several Chinese herbal medicines as part of a large healing system called traditional Chinese medicine, could decrease the incidence of T2DM. The review assessed the effectiveness of Tianqi capsule in prevention of T2DM. METHODS: Seven electronic databases were searched to identify eligible trials published from the inception of the databases up until May 1, 2017...
October 13, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020650/decision-making-under-risk-and-under-ambiguity-in-depressed-suicide-attempters-depressed-non-attempters-and-healthy-controls
#6
Eberhard A Deisenhammer, Steffen K Schmid, Georg Kemmler, Bernadette Moser, Margarete Delazer
BACKGROUND: A number of neuropsychological alterations have been found in patients who have attempted suicide. Most studies investigating decision making (DM) abilities in suicide attempters so far have used one single DM task and included patients with a lifetime history of suicide attempts. These studies have yielded conflicting results. METHOD: In this study, currently depressed in-patients who had a recent suicide attempt (within the last six months) (n = 21), depressed in-patients without a lifetime history of suicide attempts (n = 31) and a healthy control group (n = 26) were assessed with two tasks for the assessment of DM...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993459/acquired-protective-immunity-in-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-against-the-myxozoan-kudoa-thyrsites-involves-induction-of-mhii%C3%AE-cd83-antigen-presenting-cells
#7
Laura M Braden, Karina J Rasmussen, Sara L Purcell, Lauren Ellis, Amelia Mahony, Steven Cho, Shona K Whyte, Simon R M Jones, Mark D Fast
The histozoic myxozoan parasite Kudoa thyrsites causes post-mortem myoliquefaction and is responsible for economic losses to salmon aquaculture in the Pacific Northwest. Despite its importance, little is known about the host-parasite relationship, including the host response to infection. The present work sought to characterize the immune response in Atlantic salmon during infection, recovery and re-exposure to K. thyrsites After exposure to infective seawater, infected and uninfected smolts were sampled three times over 4275 degree-days...
October 9, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981566/the-impact-of-executive-functions-and-emotional-intelligence-on-iowa-gambling-task-performance-focus-on-right-frontal-lobe-damage
#8
Oksana Zinchenko, Elena Enikolopova
Objective: Decision-making in the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) has been intensively studied regarding both the "hot" and "cold" components. The ventromedial prefrontal cortex is a key region involved in processing somatic marker information, though recent findings suggest dorsolateral regions are also important. The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is also known as a substrate of executive functions-the cold component of decision-making. However, there is contradictory evidence about the role of executive functions, as well as the hot component of decision-making-emotional intelligence...
July 19, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973497/physical-activity-and-improvement-of-glycaemia-in-pre-diabetes-by-different-diagnostic-criteria
#9
Kristine Færch, Daniel Rinse Witte, Eric Brunner, Mika Kivimäki, Adam Tabak, Marit Eika Jørgensen, Ulf Ekelund, Dorte Vistisen
Context: The effects of physical activity (PA) on improvement of glycaemia may differ between pre-diabetic individuals defined by OGTT versus HbA1c. Objective: We studied the association between PA and improvement of glycaemia in individuals with pre-diabetes defined by glucose versus HbA1c criteria. Design, setting and participants: From the Whitehall II study, 957 participants with pre-diabetes defined by isolated impaired fasting glucose (i-IFG), isolated impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or both (IFG+IGT), and 457 with pre-diabetes defined by HbA1c were included...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967050/potential-of-fish-scales-as-a-filling-material-in-surface-coating-of-cellulosic-paper
#10
Elif Ural, Emine A Kandirmaz
BACKGROUND: Paper is one of the important inputs for the printing industry, and the most important leading parameter in the printing process is its brightness. Brightness can be brought to paper using coatings and sizing. Desired surface properties and, most importantly, surface roughness can be achieved by changing the contents of the coating and sizing of the materials it contains. The use of biomaterials is becoming more important in the paper industry, as they represent substances with a lower carbon footprint...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951335/the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-according-to-2-hour-plasma-glucose-level-the-korean-genome-and-epidemiology-study-koges
#11
Sung Keun Park, Jae-Hong Ryoo, Chang-Mo Oh, Joong-Myung Choi, Young-Jun Choi, Keum Ok Lee, Ju Young Jung
BACKGROUND: Although impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is a definite risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), there is limited information about the risk stratification for incident T2DM within IGT group. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the incidental risk for T2DM according to 2-hour plasma glucose (2-hr PG) level of oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and phenotype of IGT. METHODS: 7,654 Korean participated in the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES) were stratified by 2-hr PG levels of OGTT, and followed up for 63,665 person-years...
August 9, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938485/duodenal-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-1-expression-under-fasting-conditions-is-associated-with-post-load-hyperglycemia
#12
Teresa Vanessa Fiorentino, Evelina Suraci, Gaetano Paride Arcidiacono, Antonio Cimellaro, Chiara Mignogna, Ivan Presta, Francesco Andreozzi, Marta Letizia Hribal, Francesco Perticone, Giuseppe Donato, Francesco Luzza, Giorgio Sesti
Context: Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is associated with a higher intestinal expression of the glucose transporters sodium/glucose co-transporter 1 (SGLT-1) and glucose transporter 2 (GLUT-2). It is currently unsettled whether prediabetes conditions characterized by post-prandial hyperglycemia, such as impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and normal glucose tolerance (NGT) with 1-h post-load glucose ≥155 mg/dl (8.6 mmol/l) (NGT-1h-high) are associated with increased expression of these glucose carriers in the intestine...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938429/effect-of-preconception-impaired-glucose-tolerance-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#13
Daimin Wei, Bo Zhang, Yuhua Shi, Lin Zhang, Shigang Zhao, Yanzhi Du, Lizhen Xu, Richard S Legro, Heping Zhang, Zi-Jiang Chen
Context: Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) commonly have intrinsic insulin resistance and are recommended to undergo an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) for diabetes screening. However, the effect of preconception impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) on pregnancy is still unclear. Objective: To prospectively assess the effect of preconception IGT on pregnancy outcomes. Design, Setting, Patients, Intervention(s) and Main Outcome Measure(s): This was a secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized trial in 1508 women with PCOS comparing live birth and obstetric complications between fresh and frozen embryo transfer...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926639/risk-of-glucose-intolerance-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-relation-to-maternal-habitual-snoring-during-early-pregnancy
#14
Chunfang Qiu, Wayne Lawrence, Bizu Gelaye, Lee Stoner, Ihunnaya O Frederick, Daniel A Enquobahrie, Tanya K Sorensen, Michelle A Williams
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or habitual snoring is known to be associated with impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes among both men and non-pregnant women. We examined the association of habitual snoring during early pregnancy with risk of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A cohort of 1,579 women was interviewed during early pregnancy. We collected information about snoring frequency during early pregnancy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903960/biomarkers-of-food-intake-and-nutrient-status-are-associated-with-glucose-tolerance-status-and-development-of-type-2-diabetes-in-older-swedish-women
#15
Otto Savolainen, Mads Vendelbo Lind, Göran Bergström, Björn Fagerberg, Ann-Sofie Sandberg, Alastair Ross
Background: Diet is frequently associated with both the development and prevention of type 2 diabetes (T2D), but there is a lack of objective tools for assessing the relation between diet and T2D. Biomarkers of dietary intake are unconfounded by recall and reporting bias, and using multiple dietary biomarkers could help strengthen the link between a healthy diet and the prevention of T2D.Objective: The objective of this study was to explore how diet is related to glucose tolerance status (GTS) and to future development of T2D irrespective of common T2D and cardiovascular disease risk factors by using multiple dietary biomarkers...
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903724/resting-heart-rate-and-impaired-glucose-regulation-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-chinese-people-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#16
Zhen Yang, Weiwei Zhang, Lingfei Zhu, Ning Lin, Yixin Niu, Xiaoyong Li, Shuai Lu, Hongmei Zhang, Xuanchun Wang, Jie Wen, Guang Ning, Li Qin, Qing Su
BACKGROUND: Elevated resting heart rate (RHR) has been reported to be associated with metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to explore whether a positive relationship exists between RHR and impaired glucose regulation (IGR) among middle-aged and older Chinese individuals. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis that included a total of 9898 subjects (3194 men and 6704 women) in a Chinese population. The RHRs were derived from ECG recordings, and the subjects were stratified based on RHR quartiles...
September 13, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890305/relationships-between-blood-pressure-and-blood-glucose-among-offspring-of-parents-with-type-2-diabetes-prediction-of-incident-dysglycemia-in-a-biracial-cohort
#17
Chimaroke Edeoga, Ibiye Owei, Krishmita Siwakoti, Nkiru Umekwe, Fatoumatta Ceesay, Jim Wan, Sam Dagogo-Jack
AIMS: We assessed blood pressure (BP) and blood glucose (BG) values in healthy subjects, and examined baseline BP as a predictor of incident prediabetes during follow-up. METHODS: Participants in the Pathobiology of Prediabetes in a Biracial Cohort (POP-ABC) study underwent screening assessments (anthropometry, BP, OGTT) and were stratified into normal BP (NBP), prehypertension, or hypertension, and normal glucose regulation (NGR), prediabetes (IFG/IGT), or type 2 diabetes (T2D) status...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887899/the-anterior-insula-bidirectionally-modulates-cost-benefit-decision-making-on-a-rodent-gambling-task
#18
M L Daniel, P J Cocker, J Lacoste, A C Mar, J L Houeto, A Belin-Rauscent, D Belin
Deficits in cost-benefit decision making, as assessed in the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), are commonly observed in neuropsychiatric disorders such as addiction. There is considerable variation in the maximisation of rewards on such tasks, both in the general population and in rodent models, suggesting individual differences in decision making may represent a key endophenotype for vulnerability to neuropsychiatric disorders. Increasing evidence suggests that the insular cortex, which is involved in interoception and emotional processes in humans, may be a key neural locus in the control of decision making processes...
September 9, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887312/increased-lipolysis-diminished-adipose-tissue-insulin-sensitivity-and-impaired-%C3%AE-cell-function-relative-to-adipose-tissue-insulin-sensitivity-in-obese-youth-with-impaired-glucose-tolerance-igt
#19
Joon Young Kim, Alexis Nasr, Hala Tfayli, Fida Bacha, Sara F Michaliszyn, Silva Arslanian
Despite evidence of insulin resistance and β-cell dysfunction in glucose metabolism in youth with prediabetes, the relationship between adipose tissue insulin sensitivity (ATIS) and β-cell function remains unknown. We investigated whole-body lipolysis, ATIS and β-cell function relative to ATIS [adipose disposition index (DI)] in obese youth with IGT vs. normal glucose tolerance (NGT). Whole-body lipolysis (glycerol appearance rate [GlyRa] ([(2)H5]glycerol at baseline and during a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp)), lipid oxidation (indirect calorimetry), insulin secretion (2-hr hyperglycemic clamp), and body composition (DEXA) were examined...
September 8, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886024/clomiphene-citrate-effect-in-obese-men-with-low-serum-testosterone-treated-with-metformin-due-to-dysmetabolic-disorders-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carla Pelusi, Vito Angelo Giagulli, Margherita Baccini, Flaminia Fanelli, Marco Mezzullo, Alessia Fazzini, Nicola Bianchi, Matteo Domenico Carbone, Giovanni De Pergola, Marianna Mastroroberto, Antonio Maria Morselli Labate, Renato Pasquali
CONTEXT: Low testosterone (T) levels are often found in obese men with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and overt type 2 diabetes (T2DM); however, the mechanisms underlying this condition and its correct therapy are still under debate. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of clomiphene citrate (CC) in increasing endogenous T levels in obese men with low serum T and with IGT or T2DM treated with metformin (MET). DESIGN: Cross-over, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
86839
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"