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Emotional self-regulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925955/investing-in-the-early-childhood-mental-health-workforce-development-enhancing-professionals-competencies-to-support-emotion-and-behavior-regulation-in-young-children
#1
Shulamit N Ritblatt, Audrey Hokoda, Charles Van Liew
This paper delineates a preventive approach to early childhood mental health by preparing the workforce to provide relational, sensitive care to young children ages 0-5. One of the most prevalent issues in early childhood is behavioral challenges and the inability of young children to regulate themselves. This leads to an expulsion rate in early childhood (3-4 times higher than K-12 expulsion rate) and future mental health issues. The Early Childhood Social-Emotional and Behavior Regulation Intervention Specialist (EC-SEBRIS) graduate level certificate program was created to strengthen early care and education providers with the knowledge and practice of how to support emotion and behavior regulation in young children in their groups...
September 19, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923751/effects-of-mindfulness-training-on-emotional-and-physiologic-recovery-from-induced-negative-affect
#2
Alexandra D Crosswell, Patricia I Moreno, Elizabeth B Raposa, Sarosh J Motivala, Annette L Stanton, Patricia A Ganz, Julienne E Bower
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness training has been shown to improve psychological well-being and physical health. One proposed pathway for the positive effects of mindfulness training is through the development of new emotion regulation strategies, such as the ability to experience emotions by observing and accepting them without judgment. Theoretically, this should facilitate recovery from negative emotional states; however, this has rarely been examined empirically. The goal of the current study was to determine whether mindfulness training is associated with more efficient emotional and cardiovascular recovery from induced negative affect...
August 4, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919155/context-sensitive-regulation-of-pain-and-emotion-development-and-initial-validation-of-a-scale-for-context-insensitive-avoidance
#3
Ida K Flink, Ester Klein-Strandberg, Steven J Linton
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Context insensitivity has been put forward as a potential mechanism explaining the high co-occurrence of pain and emotional distress. In the pain literature, the concept has only been introduced at a theoretical level and an assessment tool for exploring its impact is lacking. In an interpersonal setting, a core aspect of context sensitivity and insensitivity concerns when to disclose and when to avoid expressing pain and related distress. Both context insensitive disclosure and context insensitive avoidance may hamper interpersonal support and fuel the problem...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918714/is-there-a-dark-side-to-mindfulness-relation-of-mindfulness-to-criminogenic-cognitions
#4
June P Tangney, Ashley E Dobbins, Jeffrey B Stuewig, Shannon W Schrader
In recent years, mindfulness-based interventions have been modified for use with inmate populations, but how this might relate to specific criminogenic cognitions has not been examined empirically. Theoretically, characteristics of mindfulness should be incompatible with distorted patterns of criminal thinking, but is this in fact the case? Among both 259 male jail inmates and 516 undergraduates, mindfulness was inversely related to the Criminogenic Cognitions Scale (CCS) through a latent variable of emotion regulation...
October 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916754/performance-based-ability-emotional-intelligence-benefits-working-memory-capacity-during-performance-on-hot-tasks
#5
María José Gutiérrez-Cobo, Rosario Cabello, Pablo Fernández-Berrocal
Emotional intelligence (EI) is the ability to perceive, use, understand, and regulate emotions. Higher scores on this ability measured through performance tests (but no through self-reports) appears to be related to better performance on "hot" (emotionally laden) cognitive tasks. However, there are relatively few studies concerning how EI may benefit the working memory capacity (WMC). Thus, the objective of this study is to analyse the relationship between EI (as measured through a performance-based ability test, a self-report mixed test, and a self-report ability test) and the WMC during the performance of hot and "cool" (i...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913886/what-s-parenting-got-to-do-with-it-emotional-autonomy-and-brain-and-behavioral-responses-to-emotional-conflict-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
Hilary A Marusak, Moriah E Thomason, Kelsey Sala-Hamrick, Laura Crespo, Christine A Rabinak
Healthy parenting may be protective against the development of emotional psychopathology, particularly for children reared in stressful environments. Little is known, however, about the brain and behavioral mechanisms underlying this association, particularly during childhood and adolescence, when emotional disorders frequently emerge. Here, we demonstrate that psychological control, a parenting strategy known to limit socioemotional development in children, is associated with altered brain and behavioral responses to emotional conflict in 27 at-risk (urban, lower income) youth, ages 9-16...
September 15, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912568/intrinsic-neural-network-dysfunction-in-quiescent-crohn-s-disease
#7
Anne K Thomann, Martin Griebe, Philipp A Thomann, Dusan Hirjak, Matthias P Ebert, Kristina Szabo, Wolfgang Reindl, Robert C Wolf
Psychological factors and comorbidities play an important role in inflammatory bowel diseases. Such comorbidity could be associated with a specific neural phenotype. Brain regions associated with emotion regulation and self-referential processing, including areas assigned to the "default mode network" (DMN), could be promising candidates in this regard. We investigated the functional integrity of multiple intrinsic neural networks in remitted patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and sought to establish relationships between neural network connectivity and psychiatric symptoms...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905640/neurobiological-mechanisms-of-exercise-and-psychotherapy-in-depression-the-speed-study-rationale-design-and-methodological-issues
#8
Stephan Heinzel, Michael A Rapp, Thomas Fydrich, Andreas Ströhle, Christina Terán, Gunnar Kallies, Melanie Schwefel, Andreas Heissel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Even though cognitive behavioral therapy has become a relatively effective treatment for major depressive disorder and cognitive behavioral therapy-related changes of dysfunctional neural activations were shown in recent studies, remission rates still remain at an insufficient level. Therefore, the implementation of effective augmentation strategies is needed. In recent meta-analyses, exercise therapy (especially endurance exercise) was reported to be an effective intervention in major depressive disorder...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903707/putting-yourself-on-the-line-self-esteem-and-expressing-affection-in-romantic-relationships
#9
Anna Luerssen, Gugan Jote Jhita, Ozlem Ayduk
Although expressing affection is an important way to connect to a romantic partner, it also involves putting yourself on the line-revealing dependence on your partner. Extending the risk-regulation model, we hypothesized that individuals with lower self-esteem (SE), who are concerned about vulnerability in relationships, experience less rewarding reactions to expressing affection, and believe that their partners respond less positively to receiving affection. We assessed these predictions across two studies that measured retrospective reports, reactions to an in vivo exchange and responses in daily life...
July 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902065/relationship-between-unsupervised-time-and-participation-in-an-emotion-regulation-intervention-and-risk-outcomes
#10
Wendy Hadley, David Barker, Sneha Thamotharan, Christopher D Houck
OBJECTIVE: This study is a secondary analysis of outcomes examining risk behavior in the context of the naturalistic occurrence of parental monitoring and participation in an emotion regulation intervention over a 12-month period. METHOD: Early adolescents with mental health symptoms (N=420), ages 12-14 years, were recruited and randomized into either an Emotional Regulation (ER) or Health Promotion (HP) condition. Assessments included adolescent self-report of unsupervised time, substance use and sexual behavior at baseline, 6-months, and one year post-intervention...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901998/relationships-between-components-of-emotional-intelligence-and-suicidal-behavior-in-alcohol-dependent-patients
#11
Maciej Kopera, Andrzej Jakubczyk, Anna Klimkiewicz, Hubert Suszek, Aleksandra Krasowska, Kirk J Brower, Marcin Wojnar
OBJECTIVES: The importance of investigating various emotional skills in assessment of suicide risk in alcohol-dependent (AD) individuals has recently become the focus of increasing interest. The objective of this study was to explore the relationships between self-reported components of emotional intelligence and lifetime prevalence of suicide attempts in a clinical sample of AD subjects. METHODS: A group of 80 inpatients entering an alcohol treatment program in Warsaw, Poland, was recruited...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901678/improving-inhibitory-control-abilities-impulse-a-promising-approach-to-treat-impulsive-eating
#12
Hanna Preuss, Marlies Pinnow, Katja Schnicker, Tanja Legenbauer
Although there is preliminary evidence that inhibitory control training improves impulsive eating, less is known about the effects on eating behaviour and weight loss in clinical samples. Sixty-nine treatment-seeking adults with obesity (binge-eating disorder 33.3%; other specific feeding and eating disorders 40.6%) were randomly blockwise allocated to ImpulsE, an intervention to improve inhibitory control and emotion regulation abilities or a guideline-appropriate cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)-based treatment as usual...
September 13, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895129/the-role-of-sustained-attention-maternal-sensitivity-and-infant-temperament-in-the-development-of-early-self-regulation
#13
Matilda A Frick, Tommie Forslund, Mari Fransson, Maria Johansson, Gunilla Bohlin, Karin C Brocki
This study investigated infant predictors of early cognitive and emotional self-regulation from an intrinsic and caregiving environmental perspective. Sustained attention, reactive aspects of infant temperament, and maternal sensitivity were assessed at 10 months (n = 124) and early self-regulation (including executive functions, EF, and emotion regulation) was assessed at 18 months. The results indicated that sustained attention predicted early EF, which provide empirical support for the hierarchical framework of EF development, advocating early attention as a foundation for the development of cognitive self-regulation...
September 12, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895092/neural-response-to-evaluating-depression-predicts-perceivers-mental-health-treatment-recommendations
#14
Anne C Krendl, Brittany S Cassidy
Nonstigmatized perceivers' initial evaluations of stigmatized individuals have profound consequences for the well-being of those stigmatized individuals. However, the mechanism by which this occurs remains underexplored. Specifically, what beliefs about the stigmatized condition (stigma-related beliefs) shape how nonstigmatized perceivers evaluate and behave toward stigmatized individuals? We examined these questions with respect to depression-related stigmatization because depression is highly stigmatized and nondepressed individuals' behavior (e...
September 11, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894212/daytime-rem-sleep-affects-emotional-experience-but-not-decision-choices-in-moral-dilemmas
#15
Nicola Cellini, Lorella Lotto, Carolina Pletti, Michela Sarlo
Moral decision-making depends on the interaction between automatic emotional responses and rational cognitive control. A natural emotional regulator state seems to be sleep, in particular rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. We tested the impact of daytime sleep, either with or without REM, on moral decision. Sixty participants were presented with 12 sacrificial (6 Footbridge- and 6 Trolley-type) and 8 everyday-type moral dilemmas at 9 AM and at 5 PM. In sacrificial dilemmas, participants had to decide whether or not to kill one person to save more people (utilitarian choice), and to judge how morally acceptable the proposed choice was...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886563/prenatal-anxiety-effects-a-review
#16
Tiffany Field
This review is based on literature on prenatal anxiety effects that was found on Pubmed and PsycINFO for the years 2010-2016. Prenatal anxiety is thought to have distinct features, although it has been measured both by specific prenatal anxiety symptoms as well as by standardized anxiety scales. Its prevalence has ranged from 21 to 25% and it has been predicted by a number of pregnancy - related variables such as unintended pregnancy, demographic variables such as low acculturation and income and psychosocial factors including pessimism and partner tension...
September 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882081/assessment-of-time-management-skills-psychometric-properties-of-the-swedish-version
#17
Gunnel Kristina Janeslätt, Kajsa Lidström Holmqvist, Suzanne White, Marie Holmefur
BACKGROUND: Persons with impaired time management skills are often in need of occupational therapy. Valid and reliable instruments to assess time management and organizational skills are needed for the evaluation of intervention. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Swedish version of the Assessment of Time Management Skills (ATMS-S) for persons with and without impaired time management skills. METHOD: A total of 238 persons participated in the study, of whom 94 had self-reported impaired time management skills due to mental disorders such as schizophrenic spectrum or neurodevelopmental disorders such as attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and mild intellectual disabilities, and 144 persons had no reported impaired time management skills...
September 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880579/cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-in-chinese-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#18
Yafei Tan, Xiuhong Xin, Xiang Wang, Shuqiao Yao
BACKGROUND: The relationship between psychological factors and obesity has become a hot topic in psychosomatic research. The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of cognitive emotion regulation (CER) strategies in Chinese adolescents with different weight status. METHODS: Using stratified random cluster sampling, 700 and 321 adolescents were defined as adolescents with overweight status and obese status, respectively. One thousand and twenty-one adolescents with normal-weight status were also selected...
September 7, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877773/mothers-self-reported-grocery-shopping-behaviours-with-their-2-to-7-year-old-children-relationship-between-feeding-practices-and-mothers-willingness-to-purchase-child-requested-nutrient-poor-marketed-foods-and-fruits-and-vegetables
#19
Kathryn Lively, Oluborode Babawale, David M Thompson, Amanda S Morris, Jennifer L Harris, Susan B Sisson, Marshall K Cheney, Karina R Lora
OBJECTIVE: To assess relationships between mothers' feeding practices (food as a reward, food for emotion regulation, modelling of healthy eating) and mothers' willingness to purchase child-marketed foods and fruits/vegetables (F&V) requested by their children during grocery co-shopping. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. Mothers completed an online survey that included questions about feeding practices and willingness (i.e. intentions) to purchase child-requested foods during grocery co-shopping...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874920/the-manual-stimulation-of-acupuncture-points-in-the-treatment-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-review-of-clinical-emotional-freedom-techniques
#20
Dawson Church, David Feinstein
Background: The manual stimulation of acupuncture points has been combined with components of cognitive and exposure therapies into a clinical and self-help approach known as Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT). More than 40 clinical trials and four meta-analytic reviews of EFT treatments have demonstrated large effect sizes with a range of conditions, including pain, PTSD (in both civilian and military veteran populations), phobias, anxiety, and depression. Objective: This review describes the approach, with a focus on PTSD in veterans and service members, provides an overview of how EFT is most commonly applied, and outlines obstacles and cautions related to its implementation...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
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