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Emotional self-regulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632240/body-related-shame-and-guilt-predict-physical-activity-in-breast-cancer-survivors-over-time
#1
Andrée L Castonguay, Carsten Wrosch, Eva Pila, Catherine M Sabiston
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test body-related shame and guilt as predictors of breast cancer survivors' (BCS') moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) during six months and to examine motivational regulations as mediators of this association.
. DESIGN: Prospective study.
. SETTING: Survivors were recruited through advertisements and oncologist referrals from medical clinics and hospitals in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 149 female BCS...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627300/reduced-effective-emotion-regulation-in-night-owls
#2
Alexandra L Watts, Ray Norbury
Previous research has demonstrated a clear link between late chronotype and depression. The vulnerability factors underpinning this link, however, are unclear. Here the relationship between two specific emotion regulation strategies, cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression, and chronotype was investigated using multiple regression. Two hundred and forty participants (age range 18-80, 189 females) completed validated self-report questionnaires assaying chronotype, neuroticism, depressive symptomatology, sleep quality, and emotion regulation...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626441/teaching-improvisation-through-processes-applications-in-music-education-and-implications-for-general-education
#3
REVIEW
Michele Biasutti
Improvisation is an articulated multidimensional activity based on an extemporaneous creative performance. Practicing improvisation, participants expand sophisticated skills such as sensory and perceptual encoding, memory storage and recall, motor control, and performance monitoring. Improvisation abilities have been developed following several methodologies mainly with a product-oriented perspective. A model framed under the socio-cultural theory of learning for designing didactic activities on processes instead of outcomes is presented in the current paper...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624674/investigating-the-association-between-emotion-regulation-and-distress-in-adults-with-psychotic-like-experiences
#4
K Juston Osborne, Emily C Willroth, Jordan E DeVylder, Vijay A Mittal, Matthew R Hilimire
Many individuals in the general population experience psychotic-like experiences in the absence of a psychotic disorder. The degree of psychological distress associated with these experiences is a key predictor of clinical outcomes. One factor that may influence the degree of distress from psychotic-like experiences is emotion regulation. Although it has been demonstrated that emotion regulation deficits are present in psychotic disorders, the association between emotion regulation and subclinical psychotic-like experiences is not well understood...
June 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620226/anger-provocation-in-violent-offenders-leads-to-emotion-dysregulation
#5
Franca Tonnaer, Nicolette Siep, Linda van Zutphen, Arnoud Arntz, Maaike Cima
Anger and anger regulation problems that result in aggressive behaviour pose a serious problem for society. In this study we investigated differences in brain responses during anger provocation or anger engagement, as well as anger regulation or distraction from anger, and compared 16 male violent offenders to 18 non-offender controls. During an fMRI adapted provocation and regulation task participants were presented with angry, happy and neutral scenarios. Prior research on violent offenders indicates that a combination of increased limbic activity (involved in emotion), along with decreased prefrontal activity (involved in emotion regulation), is associated with reactive aggression...
June 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619092/prevalence-and-patterns-of-use-of-mantra-mindfulness-and-spiritual-meditation-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#6
Adam Burke, Chun Nok Lam, Barbara Stussman, Hui Yang
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing body of scientific literature exploring the nature of meditation there is limited information on the characteristics of individuals who use it. This is particularly true of comparative studies examining prevalence and predictors of use of various forms of meditation. METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted using data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (n = 34,525). Three popular forms of meditation were compared-mantra, mindfulness, and spiritual-to determine lifetime and 12-month use related to key sociodemographic, health behavior, health status, and healthcare access variables...
June 15, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616997/emotion-and-the-prefrontal-cortex-an-integrative-review
#7
Matthew L Dixon, Ravi Thiruchselvam, Rebecca Todd, Kalina Christoff
The prefrontal cortex (PFC) plays a critical role in the generation and regulation of emotion. However, we lack an integrative framework for understanding how different emotion-related functions are organized across the entire expanse of the PFC, as prior reviews have generally focused on specific emotional processes (e.g., decision making) or specific anatomical regions (e.g., orbitofrontal cortex). Additionally, psychological theories and neuroscientific investigations have proceeded largely independently because of the lack of a common framework...
June 15, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612453/compassionate-attention-and-regulation-of-eating-behaviour-a-pilot-study-of-a-brief-low-intensity-intervention-for-binge-eating
#8
Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia, R James Stubbs
A low-intensity 4-week intervention that included components of compassion, mindfulness, and acceptance was delivered to women diagnosed with binge eating disorder. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions: intervention (n = 11) or waiting list control (n = 9). Participants in the intervention condition were invited to practise mindfulness, soothing rhythm breathing, and compassionate imagery practices with a focus on awareness and acceptance of emotional states and triggers to binge eating and engagement in helpful actions...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608402/does-the-severity-of-psychopathology-of-italian-students-receiving-counselling-services-increase-over-time-a-5-year-analysis-and-a-comparison-with-a-clinical-and-non-clinical-sample
#9
Maria Grazia Strepparava, Marco Bani, Federico Zorzi, Umberto Mazza, Francesca Barile, Giorgio Rezzonico
Psychological problems-from the most minor such as exams anxiety to the more severe such as personality disorders-are not rare in young adults. University Counselling Services often present the only opportunity for undergraduates to meet health professionals and to be confronted with their difficulties in a non-clinical setting or-in cases of more severe psychopathology-to be referred to mental health services. Recent research attests to the increasing severity of psychological problems among undergraduate and graduate university students...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605267/hoarding-behaviors-and-alcohol-use-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-dysregulation
#10
Amanda M Raines, Jesus Chavarria, Nicholas P Allan, Nicole A Short, Norman B Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Despite recent research establishing high rates of comorbidity between hoarding disorder and alcohol use disorders (AUD), no studies have systemically examined the associations between symptoms of hoarding and alcohol use. Moreover, no studies have explored potential mechanisms that may help to explain these relations. OBJECTIVES: Thus, the current study was designed to examine the associations between hoarding and AUD symptoms, as well as the mediating role of emotion dysregulation...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604607/emotional-self-regulation-of-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-smartwatches-for-monitoring-and-interaction
#11
Juan C Torrado, Javier Gomez, Germán Montoro
In this paper, we analyze the needs of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) to have a pervasive, feasible and non-stigmatizing form of assistance in their emotional self-regulation, in order to ease certain behavioral issues that undermine their mental health throughout their life. We argue the potential of recent widespread wearables, and more specifically smartwatches, to achieve this goal. Then, a smartwatch system that implements a wide range of self-regulation strategies and infers outburst patterns from physiological signals and movement is presented, along with an authoring tool for smartphones that is to be used by caregivers or family members to create and edit these strategies, in an adaptive way...
June 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601168/directionality-in-the-relationship-of-self-regulation-self-efficacy-and-mood-changes-in-facilitating-improved-physical-activity-and-nutrition-behaviors-extending-behavioral-theory-to-improve-weight-loss-treatment-effects
#12
James J Annesi, Linda L Vaughn
OBJECTIVE: To improve understanding of directionality in the dynamic relationships among psychosocial predictors of behavioral changes associated with weight loss. METHODS: In women with obesity participating in a new behavioral weight-loss treatment that emphasizes physical activity (n = 53; body mass index = 34.7 ± 3.3 kg/m(2)), mediation and moderated-mediation models were fit to assess directionality in the self-efficacy-self-regulation change relationship and additional effects of mood change and its basis on fruit/vegetable intake and physical activity behaviors through month 6 and from months 6 to 24...
June 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598734/does-psychosocial-stress-impact-cognitive-reappraisal-behavioral-and-neural-evidence
#13
Maheen Shermohammed, Pranjal H Mehta, Joan Zhang, Cassandra M Brandes, Luke J Chang, Leah H Somerville
Cognitive reappraisal (CR) is regarded as an effective emotion regulation strategy. Acute stress, however, is believed to impair the functioning of prefrontal-based neural systems, which could result in lessened effectiveness of CR under stress. This study tested the behavioral and neurobiological impact of acute stress on CR. While undergoing fMRI, adult participants ( n = 54) passively viewed or used CR to regulate their response to negative and neutral pictures and provided ratings of their negative affect in response to each picture...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594481/emotional-understanding-in-school-aged-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-a-promising-target-for-intervention
#14
Christie L M Petrenko, Mary E Pandolfino, Julie Quamma, Heather Carmichael Olson
BACKGROUND: Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are at high risk for secondary conditions, including mental health difficulties. Data on both children with typical development and other clinical conditions suggest that limited emotional understanding (EU) raises risk for psychopathology, but little is known about EU in FASD. OBJECTIVES: To determine if EU is a reasonable treatment target for children with FASD. METHODS: 56 children (6-13 years) with FASD completed the Kusche Affective Interview-Revised, a verbal interview measure of EU...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594448/emotion-dysregulation-as-a-mechanism-linking-anxiety-and-hazardous-drinking-among-latinos-in-primary-care
#15
Daniel J Paulus, Matthew W Gallagher, Andrew H Rogers, Andres G Viana, Monica Garza, Jeanette Valdivieso, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Chad Lemaire, Jafar Bakhshaie, Michael J Zvolensky
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Research suggests that Latinos experience significantly more mental health and alcohol use problems than non-Latino whites. However, relatively little is known about the mechanisms underlying alcohol use in this population. One factor associated with excessive alcohol use in Latinos is anxiety. A potential explanatory mechanism for this relationship is emotion dysregulation, as emotion dysregulation in the context of anxiety may lead to alcohol use problems/disorders...
June 8, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588514/pathways-from-trauma-to-psychotic-experiences-a-theoretically-informed-model-of-posttraumatic-stress-in-psychosis
#16
Amy Hardy
In recent years, empirical data and theoretical accounts relating to the relationship between childhood victimization and psychotic experiences have accumulated. Much of this work has focused on co-occurring Posttraumatic Stress Disorder or putative causal mechanisms in isolation from each other. The complexity of posttraumatic stress reactions experienced in psychosis remains poorly understood. This paper therefore attempts to synthesize the current evidence base into a theoretically informed, multifactorial model of posttraumatic stress in psychosis...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588345/neuroanatomic-variations-in-graves-dysthyroid-ophthalmopathy-as-studied-with-mri
#17
Rona Z Silkiss, Alex R Wade
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether patients with Graves' dysthyroid ophthalmopathy (GDO) have changes in brain anatomy that can be assessed by neuroimaging as compared to age-matched controls. METHODS: We examined 10 female, euthyroid patients with GDO and 14 age and gender matched controls using high-resolution structural MRI scanning. An automatic cortical segmentation algorithm was used to estimate the thickness of each subject's gray matter across the brain. The resulting cortical thickness measurements were transferred to a standard reference space via a template-based warping procedure...
August 2016: Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586303/craving-for-cigarette-smoking-among-male-adolescents-in-isfahan-based-on-mindfulness-and-emotional-self-regulation
#18
Mehdi Nosratabadi, Zohreh Halvaiepour, Seyed Hashem Abootorabi
Background Cigarette smoking among adolescents and its consequences are categorized as serious health problems. Cigarette craving is influenced by various psycho-social factors. Objective This study aimed to investigate desire and intention to smoke based on mindfulness and emotional self-regulation in adolescents. Methods In this correlational study conducted based on structural equation modeling, a sample of 350 male students was randomly selected from different schools of education districts in Isfahan. Three questionnaires, including Hooked on Nicotine Checklist, emotional regulation inventory, and Mindful Attention Awareness Scale were employed...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584408/early-life-stress-effects-on-the-regulation-of-anxiety-expression-in-children-and-adolescents
#19
Amanda R Burkholder, Kalsea J Koss, Camelia E Hostinar, Anna E Johnson, Megan R Gunnar
This study examined children's (N = 79; 9-10 years) and adolescents' (N = 82; 15-16 years) ability to regulate their emotion expressions of anxiety as they completed a modified version of the Trier Social Stress Test for Children (TSST-C). Approximately half in each age group were internationally adopted from institutional care (N = 79) and half were non-adopted, age-matched peers (N = 82). Institutional care was viewed as a form of early life stress. Coders who were reliable and blind to group status watched videos of the session to assess anxiety expressions using the Child and Adolescent Stress and Emotion Scale developed for this study...
November 2016: Social Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582982/the-role-of-emotional-intelligence-and-organisational-support-on-work-stress-of-nurses-in-ibadan-nigeria
#20
Abiodun M Lawal, Erhabor S Idemudia
BACKGROUND: Universally, nurses have been reported to be a group at high risk of workplace stress. However, nurses' responses to stressful situations at work could be the outcomes of individual differences and organisational factors. OBJECTIVES: We examined the independent and joint contributions of four dimensions of emotional intelligence and perceived organisational support in work stress of nurses in a teaching hospital in Nigeria. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional survey research design, which selected 228 (41 male and 187 female nurses) nurses through the use of convenience sampling...
May 23, 2017: Curationis
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