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Emotional self-regulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298251/impact-of-psychological-health-on-peripheral-endothelial-function-and-the-hpa-axis-activity-in-healthy-adolescents
#1
Yun Chen, Walter Osika, Frida Dangardt, Peter Friberg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The development of adolescence psychological health over a 3-year period and its relationship to peripheral endothelial function and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis activity were examined in a cohort of healthy adolescents in a longitudinal study. METHODS: A total of 162 adolescents (94 females) participated in both baseline (mean age 14.5 ± 1 years) and three-year follow-up studies. Psychological health was evaluated by self-report using the Beck Youth Inventories of Emotional and Social Impairment and the psychosomatic problem scale...
March 9, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296207/understanding-the-relationship-between-suicidality-current-depressed-mood-personality-and-cognitive-factors
#2
Shri Cameron, Verity J Brown, Barbara Dritschel, Kevin Power, Malcolm Cook
OBJECTIVES: Links between suicidality and depressed mood are well established. There is, however, little information about the emotional regulation processes that underlie the relationship between suicidality and current low mood, and how these processes differ between groups of never-suicidal (NS), suicidal ideators, and suicide attempters. As suicidality and depression are heterogeneous constructs, this study aimed to conduct within- and between-group comparisons of known suicide risk factors that are associated with emotion regulation (neuroticism, trait aggression, brooding, impulsivity, and overgeneral autobiographical memories)...
March 11, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296130/determinants-of-quality-of-life-outcomes-for-survivors-of-pediatric-brain-tumors
#3
Maru Barrera, Eshetu G Atenafu, Fiona Schulte, Ute Bartels, Lillian Sung, Laura Janzen, Joanna Chung, Danielle Cataudella, Kelly Hancock, Amani Saleh, Douglas Strother, Dina McConnell, Andrea Downie, Juliette Hukin, Shayna Zelcer
INTRODUCTION: To describe the quality of life (QOL) of pediatric brain tumor survivors (PBTSs) prospectively and to identify potential medical, personal and family contextual factors associated with QOL. METHODS: Ninety-one PBTSs (8-16 years) who were off treatment and attending a regular classroom participated. Self- and caregiver-proxy-reported on QOL at baseline, 2 and 8 months. At baseline, cognitive, executive function, attention and memory, medical and demographics information were attained...
March 10, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292592/individual-differences-in-non-clinical-maternal-depression-impact-infant-affect-and-behavior-during-the-still-face-paradigm-across-the-first-year
#4
Vanessa Vieites, Bethany C Reeb-Sutherland
Maternal depression can significantly impact mothers' sensitivity to their infants' needs as well as infants' social and emotional development. The still-face paradigm (SFP) is widely used to assess infants' understanding of the contingency between their own behavior and that of their caregivers, as well as infants' ability to self-regulate arousal levels during sudden changes in maternal responsiveness. Infants of clinically depressed mothers display blunted levels of negative affect compared to infants of non-depressed mothers during the still-face (SF) phase...
March 11, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288498/-trauma-resilience-and-emotion-regulation
#5
Julia Holl, Isabel Pap, Jonna Südhof, Elisabeth Wolff, Katharina Staben, Sebastian Wolff, Anja Höcker, Philipp Hiller, Ingo Schäfer, Sven Barnow
Background: History of childhood abuse and neglect is considered to be a relevant risk factor for adult psychopathology. A functional emotion regulation (ER) can account for resilience despite of traumatic experiences in childhood. Materials & Methods: This study compares the habitual use of specific ER strategies among mentally healthy individuals with (n=61) and without (n=52) experience of childhood abuse and neglect by using the self-rating instrument Heidelberg Form for Emotion Regulation Strategies (H-FERST)...
February 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287195/-pilot-study-on-nutritional-and-eating-disorders-in-children-and-mood-disorders-comorbidity-or-prodromal-traits
#6
Paola Cimbolli, Álvaro Quiñones, Carla Ugarte, Adele De Pascale
INTRODUCTION: Both children affected by nutritional and eating disorders (ED) and adults with bipolar disorder (BD) display symptoms of deficient emotional self-regulation, which can present in different forms. If we observe the clinical and developmental histories of individuals affected by EDs and BD, based on a cognitive systemic post-rationalist approach, we can hypothesise a continuum between the two disorders. The aim of this pilot study is to support the hypothesis - from an explanatory rather than a non-descriptive approach - that EDs and BD are the possible result of issues tied to biological and psychological self-regulation...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286372/is-distraction-an-adaptive-or-maladaptive-strategy-for-emotion-regulation-a-person-oriented-approach
#7
Martin Wolgast, Lars-Gunnar Lundh
Distraction is an emotion regulation strategy that has an ambiguous status within cognitive-behavior therapy. According to some treatment protocols it is counterproductive, whereas according to other protocols it is seen as a quite useful strategy. The main purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that distraction is adaptive when combined with active acceptance, but maladaptive when combined with avoidant strategies. A non-clinical community sample of adults (N = 638) and a clinical sample (N = 172) completed measures of emotion regulation and well-being...
2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285242/psychophysiological-correlates-of-emotion-regulation-training-in-adolescent-anxiety-evidence-from-the-novel-pier-task
#8
Nele A J De Witte, Stefan Sütterlin, Caroline Braet, Sven C Mueller
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are the leading cause of mental illness in adolescence. While anxious adolescents show impairments in emotion processing and deficits in emotion regulation, few studies have attempted to improve emotion regulation within these populations. METHOD: This study used a multi-method design to test a newly developed emotion regulation training aimed at improving insight into emotions and instructing cognitive reappraisal. The efficacy of cognitive reappraisal was investigated in 27 clinically anxious youth (Age: M=12...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285207/self-referential-processing-in-unipolar-depression-distinct-roles-of-subregions-of-the-medial-prefrontal-cortex
#9
Yu Li, Mengze Li, Dongtao Wei, Xia Kong, Xue Du, Xin Hou, Jiangzhou Sun, Jiang Qiu
Self-concept is used to explain emotional disturbance or other behavioural and psychological problems associated with depression. Self-referential processing generally reflects self-concept in different domains. Cortical midline structures, such as the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC), are critical for self-referential processing both in healthy controls and depressive patients. However, the role of subregions of the MPFC in self-referential processing in depression remains uncertain. In this study, we aimed to explore the neural basis of self-referential processing in depressive patients and the activation-deactivation patterns of subregions of the MPFC...
March 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280473/combined-effect-of-levels-in-personal-self-regulation-and-regulatory-teaching-on-meta-cognitive-on-meta-motivational-and-on-academic-achievement-variables-in-undergraduate-students
#10
Jesús de la Fuente, Paul Sander, José M Martínez-Vicente, Mariano Vera, Angélica Garzón, Salvattore Fadda
The Theory of Self- vs. Externally-Regulated Learning™ (SRL vs. ERL) proposed different types of relationships among levels of variables in Personal Self-Regulation (PSR) and Regulatory Teaching (RT) to predict the meta-cognitive, meta-motivational and -emotional variables of learning, and of Academic Achievement in Higher Education. The aim of this investigation was empirical in order to validate the model of the combined effect of low-medium-high levels in PSR and RT on the dependent variables. For the analysis of combinations, a selected sample of 544 undergraduate students from two Spanish universities was used...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275343/the-three-models-of-emotional-intelligence-and-performance-in-a-hot-and-cool-go-no-go-task-in-undergraduate-students
#11
María J Gutiérrez-Cobo, Rosario Cabello, Pablo Fernández-Berrocal
Emotional intelligence (EI), or the ability to perceive, use, understand and regulate emotions, appears to be helpful in the performance of "hot" (i.e., emotionally laden) cognitive tasks when using performance-based ability models, but not when using self-report EI models. The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between EI (as measured through a performance-based ability test, a self-report mixed test and a self-report ability test) and cognitive control ability during the performance of hot and "cool" (i...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274821/the-galanin-3-receptor-antagonist-snap-37889-suppresses-alcohol-drinking-and-morphine-self-administration-in-mice
#12
Karlene J Scheller, Spencer J Williams, Andrew J Lawrence, Elvan Djouma
The neuropeptide, galanin, is widely expressed in the central and peripheral nervous systems and is involved in a range of different functions including nociception, neurogenesis, hormone release, reproduction, cognitive function and appetite. Given the overlap between galanin expression and reward circuitry in the brain, galanin has been targeted for alcohol use disorder (AUD) and opioid dependency. Furthermore, the galanin-3 receptor (GAL3) specifically regulates emotional states and plays a role in motivation, reward and drug-seeking behaviour...
March 6, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273918/trait-self-consciousness-predicts-amygdala-activation-and-its-functional-brain-connectivity-during-emotional-suppression-an-fmri-analysis
#13
Shengdong Chen, Changming Chen, Jiemin Yang, Jiajin Yuan
The present functional magnetic resonance imaging study investigated how trait neuroticism and its heterogeneous subdimensions are related to the emotional consequences and neural underpinnings of emotion regulation. Two levels of neuroticism assessments were conducted with 47 female subjects, who were required to attend to, suppress emotion displays to, or cognitively reappraise the meanings of negative images. The results showed reduced emotional experience and bilateral amygdala activation during reappraisal, and this regulation effect is unaffected by individual differences in neuroticism and its subdimensions...
December 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271272/psychotherapy-for-borderline-personality-disorder-progress-and-remaining-challenges
#14
REVIEW
Paul S Links, Ravi Shah, Rahel Eynan
PURPOSE: The main purpose of this review was to critically evaluate the literature on psychotherapies for borderline personality disorder (BPD) published over the past 5 years to identify the progress with remaining challenges and to determine priority areas for future research. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature over the last 5 years was undertaken. RESULTS: The review yielded 184 relevant abstracts, and after applying inclusion criteria, 16 articles were fully reviewed based on the articles' implications for future research and/or clinical practice...
March 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265299/self-reported-frequency-of-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-in-a-national-study-of-swedish-adolescents-and-association-to-sociodemographic-factors-sexual-behaviors-abuse-and-mental-health
#15
Cecilia Fredlund, Carl Göran Svedin, Gisela Priebe, Linda Jonsson, Marie Wadsby
BACKGROUND: Sex as self-injury has become a concept in Swedish society; however it is a largely unexplored area of research, not yet conceptualized and far from accepted in the research field. The use of sex as a way of affect regulation is known in the literature and has, in interviews with young women who sell sex, been compared to direct self-injury, such as cutting or burning the skin. The aim of this study was to investigate the self-reported frequency of sex as self-injury and the association to sociodemographic factors, sexual orientation, voluntary sexual experiences, sexual risk-taking behaviors, sexual, physical and mental abuse, trauma symptoms, healthcare for psychiatric disorders and non-suicidal self-injury...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265249/heart-rate-variability-and-cardiac-vagal-tone-in-psychophysiological-research-recommendations-for-experiment-planning-data-analysis-and-data-reporting
#16
REVIEW
Sylvain Laborde, Emma Mosley, Julian F Thayer
Psychophysiological research integrating heart rate variability (HRV) has increased during the last two decades, particularly given the fact that HRV is able to index cardiac vagal tone. Cardiac vagal tone, which represents the contribution of the parasympathetic nervous system to cardiac regulation, is acknowledged to be linked with many phenomena relevant for psychophysiological research, including self-regulation at the cognitive, emotional, social, and health levels. The ease of HRV collection and measurement coupled with the fact it is relatively affordable, non-invasive and pain free makes it widely accessible to many researchers...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263829/depression-alters-maternal-extended-amygdala-response-and-functional-connectivity-during-distress-signals-in-attachment-relationship
#17
S Shaun Ho, James E Swain
Maternal attachment-related parenting behaviors require mothers to regulate self-related and child-related distress. Emotion regulation is, in turn, influenced by maternal mood and personal developmental history. In the current study we examined how depressive mood may alter maternal limbic system function and functional connectivity underlying defensive and hedonic motivations. Twenty nine mothers were recruited to undergo a baby-cry task during a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scan. Based on self-reported depression symptoms and clinical interview, the participants were grouped as healthy controls (n=15) and currently depressed (n=14)...
March 2, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262651/-structural-equation-modeling-of-self-management-in-patients-with-hemodialysis
#18
Jieun Cha
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to construct and test a hypothetical model of self-management in patients with hemodialysis based on the Self-Regulation Model and resource-coping perspective. METHODS: Data were collected from 215 adults receiving hemodialysis in 17 local clinics and one tertiary hospital in 2016. The Hemodialysis Self-management Instrument, the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire, Herth Hope Index and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support were used...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262602/shortened-sleep-fuels-inflammatory-responses-to-marital-conflict-emotion-regulation-matters
#19
Stephanie J Wilson, Lisa M Jaremka, Christopher P Fagundes, Rebecca Andridge, Juan Peng, William B Malarkey, Diane Habash, Martha A Belury, Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser
Sleep problems can boost inflammation and may jeopardize interpersonal functioning, risks that may be magnified in couples. This observational study examined the effects of self-reported recent sleep duration on couples' inflammation, inflammatory responses to a problem discussion, interpersonal behavior, and use of emotion regulation strategies (emotion expression, cognitive reappraisal) during conflict. People who slept less had higher stimulated interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) production after the marital problem discussion than those who slept more...
February 16, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261923/preventing-intimate-partner-violence-via-the-internet-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-emotion-regulation-and-conflict-management-training-for-individuals-with-aggression-problems
#20
Hugo Hesser, Sandra Axelsson, Victoria Bäcke, Jonna Engstrand, Tina Gustafsson, Elin Holmgren, Ulrika Jeppsson, Maria Pollack, Kjell Nordén, Dan Rosenqvist, Gerhard Andersson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate the effect of an Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT), which incorporated emotion-regulation and conflict-resolution techniques, on intimate partner violence (IPV). Another aim was to test the theoretical underpinnings of the treatment model using mediation analysis. METHOD: Sixty-five participants with aggression problems in intimate adult relationships were recruited from the community and were randomly assigned to iCBT or to a monitored waitlist control...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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