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Cognitive self-regulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528981/development-and-validation-of-a-daily-pain-catastrophizing-scale
#1
Beth D Darnall, John A Sturgeon, Karon F Cook, Chloe J Taub, Anuradha Roy, John W Burns, Michael Sullivan, Sean C Mackey
To date, there is no validated measure for pain catastrophizing at the daily level. The Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) is widely used to measure trait pain catastrophizing. We sought to develop and validate a brief, daily version of the PCS for use in daily diary studies in order to facilitate research on mechanisms of catastrophizing treatment, individual differences in self-regulation, and to reveal the nuanced relationships between catastrophizing, correlates, and pain outcomes. After adapting the PCS for daily use, we evaluated the resulting 14 items using 3 rounds of cognitive interviews with 30 adults with chronic pain...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528555/development-and-evaluation-of-the-adhd-cognitions-scale-for-adults
#2
Laura E Knouse, John T Mitchell, Nathan A Kimbrel, Arthur D Anastopoulos
OBJECTIVE: The clinical literature on ADHD in adults suggests that "overly positive" or optimistic cognitions may contribute to impairment and failure to use self-regulation skills in this population, yet the research literature on this topic is limited. We developed the ADHD Cognitions Scale (ACS), a brief self-report measure of ADHD-related thoughts, and evaluated its psychometric properties. METHOD: We collected self-report measures, inculding the ACS, from two large community samples ( Ns = 262, 304)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521367/driving-problems-in-the-elderly-and-cognitively-impaired
#3
Robert Haussmann, Maria Buthut, Markus Donix
Driving ability in the elderly and cognitively impaired is of growing demographic relevance. Driving represents a complex task for which multiple central resources are needed. In mild cognitive impairment and dementia, we need to closely monitor driving ability, as it gets irrecoverably lost in the course of the disease. In normal aging, people are often able to self-regulate driving behavior with respect to their medical conditions. Some studies demonstrated that older drivers perform well compared with younger drivers...
May 18, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510785/the-impact-of-leisure-on-mental-health-of-sardinian-elderly-from-the-blue-zone-evidence-for-ageing-well
#4
Maria Chiara Fastame, Paul Kenneth Hitchcott, Maria Pietronilla Penna
BACKGROUND: There has been scientific interest in the Sardinia population for a number of years and for a variety of reasons, including its extreme longevity. This is especially prevalent in the central-eastern region of the island, where a blue zone region has been precisely delineated. AIMS: The present study examines the influence of leisure activities on psychological well-being and depressive symptoms in elderly individuals living in the blue zone region of inner Sardinia...
May 16, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508303/the-effect-of-anger-expression-style-on-cardiovascular-responses-to-lateralized-cognitive-stressors
#5
David E Cox, Benjamin B DeVore, Patti Kelly Harrison, David W Harrison
To determine the effects of self-reported anger expression style on cerebrally lateralized physiological responses to neuropsychological stressors, changes in systolic blood pressure and heart rate were examined in response to a verbal fluency task and a figural fluency task among individuals reporting either "anger in" or "anger out" expression styles. Significant group by trial interaction effects was found for systolic blood pressure following administration of verbal fluency [F(1,54) = 5.86, p < 0...
May 15, 2017: Brain Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508141/relationships-between-traumatic-life-events-cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-somatic-complaints
#6
Nadia Garnefski, Yanda van Rood, Carlijn de Roos, Vivian Kraaij
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between traumatic life events, specific cognitive emotion regulation strategies, and present somatic complaints. The sample consisted of 465 adults from the general population. The participants filled in online self-report questionnaires with regard to somatic complaints (SCL-90), cognitive emotion regulation strategies (CERQ) and traumatic life events. Multiple regression analysis was performed to study the relationships. The results showed that present somatic complaints were significantly related to the reporting of past negative events (such as loss and maltreatment) that still produce strong and negative feelings in the present...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503157/a-review-of-self-regulated-learning-six-models-and-four-directions-for-research
#7
REVIEW
Ernesto Panadero
Self-regulated learning (SRL) includes the cognitive, metacognitive, behavioral, motivational, and emotional/affective aspects of learning. It is, therefore, an extraordinary umbrella under which a considerable number of variables that influence learning (e.g., self-efficacy, volition, cognitive strategies) are studied within a comprehensive and holistic approach. For that reason, SRL has become one of the most important areas of research within educational psychology. In this paper, six models of SRL are analyzed and compared; that is, Zimmerman; Boekaerts; Winne and Hadwin; Pintrich; Efklides; and Hadwin, Järvelä and Miller...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495934/how-should-i-study-for-the-exam-self-regulated-learning-strategies-and-achievement-in-introductory-biology
#8
Amanda J Sebesta, Elena Bray Speth
In college introductory science courses, students are challenged with mastering large amounts of disciplinary content while developing as autonomous and effective learners. Self-regulated learning (SRL) is the process of setting learning goals, monitoring progress toward them, and applying appropriate study strategies. SRL characterizes successful, "expert" learners, and develops with time and practice. In a large, undergraduate introductory biology course, we investigated: 1) what SRL strategies students reported using the most when studying for exams, 2) which strategies were associated with higher achievement and with grade improvement on exams, and 3) what study approaches students proposed to use for future exams...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494323/stress-regulation-in-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#9
REVIEW
Iliana Kotwas, Aileen McGonigal, Mireille Bastien-Toniazzo, Fabrice Bartolomei, Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi
The prevalence of psychological distress, especially depressive and anxiety disorders, is higher in epilepsy than in other chronic health conditions. These comorbid conditions contribute even more than epileptic seizures themselves to impaired quality of life in patients with epilepsy (PWE). The link between these comorbidities and epilepsy appears to have a neurobiological basis, which is at least partly mediated by stress through psychological and pathophysiological pathways. The impact of stress in PWE is also particularly important because it is the most frequently reported seizure trigger...
May 8, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493111/parasympathetic-regulation-and-inhibitory-control-predict-the-development-of-externalizing-problems-in-early-childhood
#10
Sarah Kahle, William T Utendale, Keith F Widaman, Paul D Hastings
The current report examined the longitudinal relations between cognitive self-regulation, physiological self-regulation, and externalizing problems. At age 4 (n = 98; 49 girls) and 6 (n = 87; 42 girls), children completed the Day-Night task, which taps the inhibitory control dimension of executive function. During the task, cardiac activity was measured and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) was derived as an index of parasympathetic activity. Mothers reported on externalizing problems. A cross-lagged path model was used to estimate longitudinal predictions while controlling for stability in all constructs over time...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485659/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-treat-impaired-learning-and-memory-in-multiple-sclerosis-the-self-gen-trial
#11
Yael Goverover, Nancy Chiaravalloti, Helen Genova, John DeLuca
BACKGROUND: Difficulties in learning and memory are among the most persistent and frequently reported cognitive symptoms in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of the self-generation learning program ( self-GEN trial) that consist of behavioral intervention sessions, teaching self-generation technique while using metacognitive strategies to improve learning and memory abilities in persons with MS. Additionally, the treatment aimed to address generalization of the treatment to activities of daily living...
May 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482895/influence-of-motivation-self-efficacy-and-situational-factors-on-the-teaching-quality-of-clinical-educators
#12
Christoph Dybowski, Susanne Sehner, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Being exposed to good teachers has been shown to enhance students' knowledge and their clinical performance, but little is known about the underlying psychological mechanisms that provide the basis for being an excellent medical teacher. Self-Determination Theory (SDT) postulates that more self-regulated types of motivation are associated with higher performance. Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) focuses on self-efficacy that has been shown to be positively associated with performance...
May 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480806/mechanisms-of-change-in-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-and-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-borderline-personality-disorder-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#13
Susie Rudge, Janet Denise Feigenbaum, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the "active ingredients" of psychological therapy for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) despite a growing evidence base documenting its clinical effectiveness. This information can be used by clinicians to inform service planning and care pathways. AIMS: The aim of this study was to review published empirical research investigating the potential mechanisms underlying therapeutic change in Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) for BPD...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477069/improving-assessment-of-work-related-mental-health-function-using-the-work-disability-functional-assessment-battery-wd-fab
#14
Elizabeth E Marfeo, Pengsheng Ni, Christine McDonough, Kara Peterik, Molly Marino, Mark Meterko, Elizabeth K Rasch, Leighton Chan, Diane Brandt, Alan M Jette
Purpose To improve the mental health component of the Work Disability Functional Assessment Battery (WD-FAB), developed for the US Social Security Administration's (SSA) disability determination process. Specifically our goal was to expand the WD-FAB scales of mood & emotions, resilience, social interactions, and behavioral control to improve the depth and breadth of the current scales and expand the content coverage to include aspects of cognition & communication function. Methods Data were collected from a random, stratified sample of 1695 claimants applying for the SSA work disability benefits, and a general population sample of 2025 working age adults...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473762/unimodal-versus-bimodal-eeg-fmri-neurofeedback-of-a-motor-imagery-task
#15
Lorraine Perronnet, Anatole Lécuyer, Marsel Mano, Elise Bannier, Fabien Lotte, Maureen Clerc, Christian Barillot
Neurofeedback is a promising tool for brain rehabilitation and peak performance training. Neurofeedback approaches usually rely on a single brain imaging modality such as EEG or fMRI. Combining these modalities for neurofeedback training could allow to provide richer information to the subject and could thus enable him/her to achieve faster and more specific self-regulation. Yet unimodal and multimodal neurofeedback have never been compared before. In the present work, we introduce a simultaneous EEG-fMRI experimental protocol in which participants performed a motor-imagery task in unimodal and bimodal NF conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466682/non-response-to-sad-mood-induction-implications-for-emotion-research
#16
Jonathan Rottenberg, Maria Kovacs, Ilya Yaroslavsky
Experimental induction of sad mood states is a mainstay of laboratory research on affect and cognition, mood regulation, and mood disorders. Typically, the success of such mood manipulations is reported as a statistically significant pre- to post-induction change in the self-rated intensity of the target affect. The present commentary was motivated by an unexpected finding in one of our studies concerning the response rate to a well-validated sad mood induction. Using the customary statistical approach, we found a significant mean increase in self-rated sadness intensity with a moderate effect size, verifying the "success" of the mood induction...
May 3, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464972/the-influence-of-psychological-factors-on-the-burden-of-caregivers-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer-resiliency-and-caregiver-burden
#17
Carolina Palacio, Alicia Krikorian, Joaquín T Limonero
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to identify the influence of such psychological factors as emotional intelligence and perceived competence on caregiver burden in those who care for patients with advanced cancer. METHOD: A total of 50 informal caregivers completed self-report assessments of resilience, perceived competence, emotional regulation, positive aspects of care, emotional distress, and burden. We conducted a quantitative study with a cross-sectional design...
May 3, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461198/predicting-sugar-consumption-application-of-an-integrated-dual-process-dual-phase-model
#18
Martin S Hagger, Nadine Trost, Jacob J Keech, Derwin K C Chan, Kyra Hamilton
Excess consumption of added dietary sugars is related to multiple metabolic problems and adverse health conditions. Identifying the modifiable social cognitive and motivational constructs that predict sugar consumption is important to inform behavioral interventions aimed at reducing sugar intake. We tested the efficacy of an integrated dual-process, dual-phase model derived from multiple theories to predict sugar consumption. Using a prospective design, university students (N = 90) completed initial measures of the reflective (autonomous and controlled motivation, intentions, attitudes, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control), impulsive (implicit attitudes), volitional (action and coping planning), and behavioral (past sugar consumption) components of the proposed model...
April 29, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452583/associations-of-child-and-adolescent-mastery-motivation-and-self-regulation-with-adult-outcomes-a-longitudinal-study-of-individuals-with-down-syndrome
#19
Linda Gilmore, Monica Cuskelly
This 20-year prospective longitudinal study focuses on the contribution of mastery motivation and self-regulation to adult outcomes for individuals with Down syndrome. In earlier phases of the research, 25 participants completed measures of cognitive ability, mastery motivation and self-regulation in childhood (4 to 6 years) and adolescence (11 to 15 years). In the adult phase reported here, self-determination and adaptive behavior were assessed in 21 of the original participants at age 23 to 26 years. Mastery motivation and self-regulation made unique contributions to adult outcomes, over and above the effects of cognitive ability...
May 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451529/efficacy-of-emotion-regulation-for-patients-suffering-from-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
Hongling Wang, Zhenhua Wei, Xue Li, Yongjie Li
BACKGROUND: To study the influence values of self-management program intervention on efficacy of emotion regulation for patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Eighty-six diagnosed chronic COPD patients in stable phase in Linzi District People's Hospital, Zibo Shandong Province, PR China from June 2014 to June 2015 were selected in succession. They were divided into control group and observation group randomly with 43 cases in each group...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
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