keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Git

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098248/microbial-succession-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-of-dairy-cows-from-2-weeks-to-first-lactation
#1
Kimberly A Dill-McFarland, Jacob D Breaker, Garret Suen
Development of the dairy calf gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and its associated microbiota are essential for survival and milk production, as this community is responsible for converting plant-based feeds into accessible nutrients. However, little is known regarding the establishment of microbes in the calf GIT. Here, we measured fecal-associated bacterial, archaeal, and fungal communities of dairy cows from 2 weeks to the middle of first lactation (>2 years) as well as rumen-associated communities from weaning (8 weeks) to first lactation...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087515/h-blast-a-fast-protein-sequence-alignment-toolkit-on-heterogeneous-computers-with-gpus
#2
Weicai Ye, Ying Chen, Yongdong Zhang, Yuesheng Xu
MOTIVATION: The sequence alignment is a fundamental problem in bioinformatics. BLAST is a routinely used tool for this purpose with over 118 000 citations in the past two decades. As the size of bio-sequence databases grows exponentially, the computational speed of alignment softwares must be improved. RESULTS: We develop the heterogeneous BLAST (H-BLAST), a fast parallel search tool for a heterogeneous computer that couples CPUs and GPUs, to accelerate BLASTX and BLASTP-basic tools of NCBI-BLAST...
January 13, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079759/the-quantiferon-tb-gold-in-tube-assay-in-neuro-ophthalmology
#3
Leanne M Little, Mohammed Rigi, Ayman Suleiman, Stacy V Smith, Edward A Graviss, Rod Foroozan, Andrew G Lee
BACKGROUND: Although QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) testing is regularly used to detect infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, its utility in a patient population with a low risk for tuberculosis (TB) has been questioned. The following is a cohort study analyzing the efficacy of QFT-GIT testing as a method for detection of active TB disease in low-risk individuals in a neuro-ophthalmologic setting. METHODS: Ninety-nine patients from 2 neuro-ophthalmology centers were identified as having undergone QFT-GIT testing between January 2012 and February 2016...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079238/human-leukocyte-antigen-hladrb1-determinants-susceptibility-to-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#4
Batool Mutar Mahdi, Riyadh Mohamad Hasan, Wafaa Hazim Salih
BACKGROUND: - Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is characterized by diverse symptoms. There is an evidence for a genetic component to GERD as supported by familial aggregation of this disease. OBJECTIVE: - To investigate whether certain human leucocyte antigen genes HLA-DRB1 are associated with GERD. METHODS: - Patients and controls were prospectively recruited from GIT center at Al-Kindy Teaching Hospital (Baghdad-Iraq) between January 2014 and July 2016...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070463/impact-of-birth-weight-and-postnatal-diet-on-the-gut-microbiota-of-young-adult-guinea-pigs
#5
Kait Al, Ousseynou Sarr, Kristyn Dunlop, Gregory B Gloor, Gregor Reid, Jeremy Burton, Timothy R H Regnault
BACKGROUND: The gastrointestinal tract (GIT) microbiota is essential to metabolic health, and the prevalence of the Western diet (WD) high in fat and sugar is increasing, with evidence highlighting a negative interaction between the GIT and WD, resulting in liver dysfunction. Additionally, an adverse in utero environment such as placental insufficiency resulting in low birth weight (LBW) offspring, contributes to an increased risk of metabolic diseases such as fatty liver infiltration and liver dysfunction in later life...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070206/qft-plus-a-plus-in-variability-evaluation-of-new-generation-igra-in-serial-testing-of-students-with-a-migration-background-in-germany
#6
J Knierer, E N Gallegos Morales, A Schablon, A Nienhaus, J F Kersten
BACKGROUND: Currently available Interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) show a considerable variability in serial testing for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). This study offers first results for the new generation IGRA QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus (QFT-Plus) introduced in 2015 in comparison with its predecessor QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) from serial testing of students with a migration background at German universities. METHODS: Forty-one students were selected from a previous study...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064414/aflatoxin-b1-induced-systemic-toxicity-in-poultry-and-rescue-effects-of-selenium-and-zinc
#7
REVIEW
Muhammad Jameel Mughal, Xi Peng, Asghar Ali Kamboh, Yi Zhou, Jing Fang
Among many challenges, exposure to aflatoxins, particularly aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), is one of the major concerns in poultry industry. AFB1 intoxication results in decreased meat/egg production, hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, disturbance in gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and reproduction, immune suppression, and increased disease susceptibility. Selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn), in dietary supplementation, offer easy, cost-effective, and efficient ways to neutralize the toxic effect of AFB1. In the current review, we discussed the impact of AFB1 on poultry industry, its biotransformation, and organ-specific noxious effects, along with the action mechanism of AFB1-induced toxicity...
January 7, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063239/effect-of-laboratory-isolated-lactobacillus-plantarum-lgfcp4-from-gastrointestinal-tract-of-guinea-fowl-on-growth-performance-carcass-traits-intestinal-histomorphometry-and-gastrointestinal-microflora-population-in-broiler-chicken
#8
P G Vineetha, S Tomar, V K Saxena, M Kapgate, A Suvarna, K Adil
The study aimed to investigate the effect of feed supplements, viz Lactobacillus plantarum LGFCP4 (laboratory isolate from GIT of Guinea fowl), Lactobacillus acidophilus (NCDC, Karnal) and in-feed antibiotic bacitracin methylene disalicylate (BMD) on growth performance, FCR, carcass traits and immune organs weight, intestinal histomorphometry and gastrointestinal microflora population in broiler chickens. In a completely randomized design, CARIBRO-Dhanraja broiler chicks (n = 160) were used with four treatment groups...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060926/comparison-of-tst-and-igra-in-diagnosis-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-a-high-tb-burden-setting
#9
Surendra K Sharma, Richa Vashishtha, L S Chauhan, V Sreenivas, Divya Seth
BACKGROUND: There are currently two tests for diagnosing latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI); TST and IGRA. However, it is still unclear that which one of these tests performs better in high TB-burden settings. METHODS: 1511 household contacts of pulmonary TB patients were enrolled to compare the performance of TST and IGRA for LTBI. At baseline all participant underwent testing for IGRA [QuantiFERON-TB® Gold In-tube (QFT-GIT) assay] and TST [2 tuberculin unit (TU), purified protein derivative (PPD), RT23, Staten Serum Institute (SSI), Copenhagen, Denmark]...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058539/validation-of-the-ucla-scleroderma-clinical-trial-consortium-gastrointestinal-tract-instrument-2-0-in-english-and-chinese-speaking-patients-in-a-multi-ethnic-singapore-systemic-sclerosis-cohort
#10
Andrea Hsiu Ling Low, Xiaohui Xin, Weng Giap Law, Gim Gee Teng, Amelia Santosa, Anita Lim, Grace Chan, Swee Cheng Ng, Julian Thumboo
The aim of this study was to (1) translate the Gastrointestinal Tract Instrument (GIT) 2.0 from English to Chinese and (2) validate both versions in a multi-ethnic systemic sclerosis cohort in Singapore (SCORE). The English GIT2.0 was translated to Chinese using a standard forward-backward translation approach. Psychometric evaluation of the GIT2.0 included internal consistency reliability (using Cronbach's alpha), test-retest reliability (using intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC)), scale level factor analysis, and construct validity (using Spearman correlation) against the modified Scleroderma Health Assessment Questionnaire (S-HAQ) and the SF-36 v2...
January 5, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050452/primary-abdominal-pregnancy-a-case-report
#11
Sunita Dubey, Mohit Satodiya, Priyanka Garg, Mamta Rani
Abdominal pregnancy is a potentially life threatening form of ectopic gestation with an incidence of 1% of all the ectopic pregnancies. Rarely, it may reach at advanced gestation and a viable fetal outcome is indeed a rare event. Most of them are terminated earlier due to poor fetal prognosis and higher chances of maternal mortality secondary to haemorrhagic shock following spontanous placental separation. A high index of suspicion is important for making a diagnosis of abdominal pregnancy and its timely management after correct diagnosis...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043588/characterization-of-the-cd4-and-cd8-t-cell-response-in-the-quantiferon-tb-gold-plus-kit
#12
Elisa Petruccioli, Teresa Chiacchio, Ilaria Pepponi, Valentina Vanini, Rocco Urso, Gilda Cuzzi, Lucia Barcellini, Fabrizio Palmieri, Daniela M Cirillo, Giuseppe Ippolito, Delia Goletti
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT, Qiagen, Hilden, Germany) is an interferon-γ (IFN-γ) release assay designed to detect latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Although QFT-GIT has several advantages (mainly that it is not affected by the Bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccination), it has a poor sensitivity in immune-compromised individuals as it involves an immune response-based detection. Recently, QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus (QFT-Plus) assay has been proposed as a new generation of QFT-GIT...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039012/personalized-glucose-insulin-model-based-on-signal-analysis
#13
Simon L Goede, Bastiaan E de Galan, Melvin Khee Shing Leow
Glucose plasma measurements for diabetes patients are generally presented as a glucose concentration-time profile with 15-60min time scale intervals. This limited resolution obscures detailed dynamic events of glucose appearance and metabolism. Measurement intervals of 15minutes or more could contribute to imperfections in present diabetes treatment. High resolution data from mixed meal tolerance tests (MMTT) for 24 type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients were used in our present modelling. We introduce a model based on the physiological properties of transport, storage and utilization...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025965/pharmacokinetics-and-safety-of-nifedipine-gits-candesartan-fixed-dose-combination-in-subjects-with-hepatic-impairment%C3%A2
#14
Yuwang Liu, Michael-Friedrich Boettcher, Anja Schmidt, Sigrun Unger, Atef Halabi, Erich Brendel, Hartmut Blode
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles and safety of nifedipine and candesartan after a single oral dose of nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) 30 mg/candesartan cilexetil 8 mg (N30/C8 mg) fixed-dose combination (FDC) in adults with mild to moderate hepatic impairment. METHODS: A phase I, single-center, non-randomized, non-controlled, non-blinded, observational study (N = 32). PK profiles for nifedipine and candesartan were assessed in patients with mild (Child-Pugh A; group 1) or moderate (Child-Pugh B; group 2) hepatic impairment and compared with age- and gender-matched healthy controls (groups 3 and 4) following a single dose of N30/C8 FDC...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017359/mucin-secreting-cells-in-the-stomach-and-colon-are-altered-by-combination-antiretroviral-treatment-in-an-obese-rat-model
#15
Danélle Truter, Hans Strijdom, Frans Everson, Sanet H Kotzé
Mucins, secreted by intestinal goblet cells, form an integral part of the intestinal biofilm, which is important for the functioning of a healthy gastrointestinal tract (GIT). This mucous layer is sensitive to factors such as diet, drugs and inflammation. Histochemically, mucins can be classified as neutral or acidic, where acidic mucins can contain sulphate groups (sulphomucins) or sialic acid (sialomucins). The aim of the present study was to determine the composition of various mucin secreting cells using histochemical stains in rats fed on a high calorie diet (HCD) treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
December 22, 2016: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011782/inference-of-cellular-level-signaling-networks-using-single-cell-gene-expression-data-in-c-elegans-reveals-mechanisms-of-cell-fate-specification
#16
Xiao-Tai Huang, Yuan Zhu, Leanne Lai Hang Chan, Zhongying Zhao, Hong Yan
MOTIVATION: Cell fate specification plays a key role to generate distinct cell types during metazoan development. However, most of the underlying signaling networks at cellular level are not well understood. Availability of time lapse single-cell gene expression data collected throughout C. elegans embryogenesis provides an excellent opportunity for investigating signaling networks underlying cell fate specification at systems, cellular and molecular levels. RESULTS: We propose a framework to infer signaling networks at cellular level by exploring the single-cell gene expression data...
December 23, 2016: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006006/the-gulf-of-aden-intermediate-water-intrusion-regulates-the-southern-red-sea-summer-phytoplankton-blooms
#17
Denis Dreano, Dionysios E Raitsos, John Gittings, George Krokos, Ibrahim Hoteit
Knowledge on large-scale biological processes in the southern Red Sea is relatively limited, primarily due to the scarce in situ, and satellite-derived chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) datasets. During summer, adverse atmospheric conditions in the southern Red Sea (haze and clouds) have long severely limited the retrieval of satellite ocean colour observations. Recently, a new merged ocean colour product developed by the European Space Agency (ESA)-the Ocean Color Climate Change Initiative (OC-CCI)-has substantially improved the southern Red Sea coverage of Chl-a, allowing the discovery of unexpected intense summer blooms...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004188/comparative-study-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-paracetamol-ibuprofen-and-indomethacin-in-closure-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-preterm-neonates
#18
Abd El-Rahman El-Mashad, Heba El-Mahdy, Doaa El Amrousy, Marwa Elgendy
: In this prospective study, we compared the efficacy and side effects of indomethacin, ibuprofen, and paracetamol in patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure in preterm neonates. Three hundred preterm neonates with hemodynamically significant PDA (hs-PDA) admitted at our neonatal intensive care unit were enrolled in the study. They were randomized into three groups. Group I (paracetamol group) received 15 mg/kg/6 h IV paracetamol infusion for 3 days. Group II (ibuprofen group) received 10 mg/kg IV ibuprofen infusion followed by 5 mg/kg/day for 2 days...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004153/studies-on-the-removal-of-cd-ions-by-gastrointestinal-lactobacilli
#19
Magdalena Polak-Berecka, Patrycja Boguta, Jolanta Cieśla, Andrzej Bieganowski, Tomasz Skrzypek, Tomasz Czernecki, Adam Waśko
Accumulation of toxic metal ions in food and water is nowadays a growing health-related problem. One detoxification method involves the use of microorganisms naturally inhabiting the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). The purpose of this study was to prove that lactic acid bacteria derived from the GIT are able to effectively remove Cd(2+) from water solution. Seven strains of lactobacilli, out of 11 examined, showed tolerance to high concentrations of cadmium ions. The metal-removal efficiencies of these seven lactobacilli ranged from 6 to 138...
December 21, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000585/ifn-%C3%AE-promoter-polymorphisms-do-not-affect-quantiferon%C3%A2-tb-gold-in-tube-test-results-in-a-canadian-population
#20
S Kiazyk, L Larcombe, C Lopez, S Matyas, C Mesa, P Orr, J Juno, J Waruk, M Sharma, T B Ball
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown polymorphisms within the interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) promoter influence cytokine expression. The interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) relies on the ability to produce IFN-γ in response to tuberculosis (TB) specific antigens. This study determined the relationship between the IFN-γ +874 A/T promoter polymorphism and the performance of the QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) test in an ethnically diverse Canadian population. METHODS: A total of 190 participants were categorised into three groups based on history of and exposure to TB: active TB (n = 55), TB exposed (n = 55) and presumably TB unexposed controls (n = 80)...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
keyword
keyword
86819
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"