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Behavioral self-regulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431192/a-personal-connection-promoting-positive-attitudes-towards-teaching-and-learning
#1
Heidi L Lujan, Stephen E DiCarlo
Students' attitudes towards teaching and learning must be addressed with the same seriousness and effort as we address content. Establishing a personal connection and addressing our students' basic psychological needs will produce positive attitudes towards teaching and learning and develop life-long learners. It will also promote constructive student-teacher relationships that have a profound influence on our students' approach towards school. To begin this process, consider the major tenets of the Self-Determination Theory...
April 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430042/control-without-controllers-toward-a-distributed-neuroscience-of-executive-control
#2
Benjamin R Eisenreich, Rei Akaishi, Benjamin Y Hayden
Executive control refers to the regulation of cognition and behavior by mental processes and is a hallmark of higher cognition. Most approaches to understanding its mechanisms begin with the assumption that our brains have anatomically segregated and functionally specialized control modules. The modular approach is intuitive: Control is conceptually distinct from basic mental processing, so an organization that reifies that distinction makes sense. An alternative approach sees executive control as self-organizing principles of a distributed organization...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428092/validation-of-the-pain-resilience-scale-in-a-chronic-pain-sample
#3
Brett Ankawi, P Maxwell Slepian, Lina K Himawan, Christopher R France
Psychosocial factors that protect against negative outcomes for individuals with chronic pain have received increased attention in recent years. Pain resilience, or the ability to maintain behavioral engagement and regulate emotions as well as cognitions despite prolonged or intense pain, is one such factor. A measure of pain-specific resilience, the Pain Resilience Scale, was previously identified as a better predictor of acute pain tolerance than general resilience. The present study sought to validate this measure in a chronic pain sample, while also furthering understanding of the role of pain resilience when compared to other protective factors...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426365/moderators-of-the-effects-of-alcohol-protective-behavioral-strategies-three-attempts-of-replication-and-extension
#4
Matthew R Pearson, Mark A Prince, Adrian J Bravo
BACKGROUND: Protective behavioral strategies (PBS) can be used to reduce alcohol-related harm when drinking. Despite much research demonstrating that use of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) is associated with decreased alcohol use/problems, few studies have examined moderators of these associations. Moderation tests are important as they define the boundary conditions of the protective effects of PBS use (i.e., identify for whom and in what context PBS use reduces harm). OBJECTIVES: We aimed to replicate and extend the findings from three published studies that have examined putative moderators of PBS-alcohol associations: self-regulation, negative urgency, and drinking refusal self-efficacy...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425213/genotype-phenotype-correlations-in-cornelia-de-lange-syndrome-behavioral-characteristics-and-changes-with-age
#5
Joanna Moss, Jessica Penhallow, Morad Ansari, Stephanie Barton, David Bourn, David R FitzPatrick, Judith Goodship, Peter Hammond, Catherine Roberts, Alice Welham, Chris Oliver
Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a multisystem genetic disorder associated with unusual facial features, limb abnormalities, a wide range of health conditions, and intellectual disability. Mutations in five genes that encode (SMC1A, SMC3, RAD21) or regulate (NIPBL, HDAC8) the cohesin complex have been identified in up to 70% of individuals. Genetic cause remains unknown for a proportion of individuals. There is substantial heterogeneity in all aspects of CdLS but very little is known about what predicts phenotypic heterogeneity...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422379/increased-5-hydroxymethylation-levels-in-the-hippocampus-of-rat-extinguished-from-cocaine-self-administration
#6
Anna Sadakierska-Chudy, Małgorzata Frankowska, Karolina Wydra, Joanna Jastrzębska, Joanna Miszkiel, Małgorzata Filip
Drug craving and relapse risk during abstinence from cocaine are thought to be caused by persistent changes in transcription and chromatin regulation. Although several brain regions are involved in these processes, the hippocampus seems to play an important role in context-evoked craving and drug-seeking behavior. Only a few studies have examined epigenetic alterations during a period of cocaine abstinence. To investigate the effects of cocaine abstinence on DNA methylation and gene expression, rats that self-administered the drug underwent cocaine abstinence in two time points with extinction training...
April 19, 2017: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421691/the-impact-of-maternal-employment-on-children-s-adiposity-evidence-from-china-s-labor-policy-reform
#7
Young Jo, Qing Wang
BACKGROUND: China has experienced a rapid growth in childhood adiposity in recent years. Although a large number of studies examine the effect of maternal employment on children's adiposity in developed countries, only a few studies investigate the issue in developing countries. Moreover, existing studies tend to suffer from a potential endogeneity issue. AIMS: We provide new evidence on the causal effect of maternal employment on children's adiposity in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We employ a difference-in-difference strategy that takes advantage of China's 1995 legislative change to labor regulations, which reduced the number of workdays from 6 to 5 days per week...
April 19, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421016/online-coaching-of-emotion-regulation-strategies-for-parents-efficacy-of-the-online-rational-positive-parenting-program-and-attention-bias-modification-procedures
#8
Oana A David, David Capris, Alexandra Jarda
Parenting programs are currently treatment of choice for behavioral disorders in children and one of their main components is reducing the negativity bias in the child-parent dyad. The Rational Positive Parenting Program (rPPP) is a program with a special focus on parent emotion-regulation functional reappraisal strategies, which has recently received consistent support for reducing child externalizing and internalizing disorders. In the last years, online interventions were proliferated and the Attention Bias Modification (ABM) becoming a promising implicit therapeutic intervention based on attention deployment emotion-regulation strategy, or adjunctive module to usual treatments, with results in multiple domains, varying from pain to self-esteem and emotional disorders (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418682/mesoscale-simulation-and-machine-learning-of-asphaltene-aggregation-phase-behavior-and-molecular-assembly-landscapes
#9
Jiang Wang, Mohit Gayatri, Andrew L Ferguson
Asphaltenes constitute the heaviest fraction of the aromatic group in crude oil. Aggregation and precipitation of asphaltenes during petroleum processing costs the petroleum industry billions of dollars each year due to downtime and production inefficiencies. Asphaltene aggregation proceeds via a hierarchical self-assembly process that is well-described by the Yen-Mullins model. Nevertheless, the microscopic details of the emergent cluster morphologies and their relative stability under different processing conditions remain poorly understood...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414507/the-distinction-between-exclusivity-and-comorbidity-within-nssi
#10
Shira Goldberg, Moshe Israelashvili
Based on notions posited by problem behavior theory, the primary goal of the current study was to examine the possibility that adolescents who engage in NSSI are not a homogeneous group but are rather divided into 2 subgroups: (a) adolescents who exclusively engage in NSSI, and (b) adolescents who are involved in NSSI alongside other problem behaviors (e.g., drug abuse, unprotected sexual intercourse). Participants were a school sample of 436 adolescents from 6 high schools across Israel, who completed self-report questionnaires during school hours on engagement in NSSI and other problem behaviors, self-esteem, self-criticism, ego clarity, coping strategies, self-efficacy to regulate affect, and sociodemographic information...
April 17, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414477/when-ideology-meets-conflict-related-content-influences-on-emotion-generation-and-regulation
#11
Ruthie Pliskin, Eran Halperin, Daniel Bar-Tal, Gal Sheppes
Do rightists and leftists experience information about suffering and harm with differing emotional intensities, depending on the identity of target depicted? Do they consequently choose differently how to regulate or cope with these emotions? Research has identified ideological differences in emotional processes, but it has yet to identify what types of content lead to ideological differences in emotional intensity or whether these content-dependent differences relate to differing preferences for engaging versus disengaging emotion-regulation strategies...
April 17, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414072/resistance-training-is-associated-with-spontaneous-changes-in-aerobic-physical-activity-but-not-overall-diet-quality-in-adults-with-prediabetes
#12
Tanya M Halliday, Jyoti Savla, Elaina L Marinik, Valisa E Hedrick, Richard A Winett, Brenda M Davy
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise interventions have been shown to result in alterations to dietary intake and non-exercise physical activity (PA). To date, the ability for resistance training (RT) to influence other health-related behaviors has not been examined. This study aimed to determine if initiation and maintenance of RT is associated with spontaneous changes in dietary quality and non-RT PA in adults with prediabetes. METHODS: Overweight/obese adults (n=170, BMI=32...
April 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413906/development-and-validation-of-the-masculine-attributes-questionnaire
#13
Junhan Cho, Steven M Kogan
The present study describes the development and validation of the Masculine Attributes Questionnaire (MAQ). The purpose of this study was to develop a theoretically and empirically grounded measure of masculine attributes for sexual health research with African American young men. Consistent with Whitehead's theory, the MAQ items were hypothesized to comprise two components representing reputation-based and respect-based attributes. The sample included 505 African American men aged 19 to 22 years ( M = 20.29, SD = 1...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411960/age-and-gender-influences-on-the-needs-concerns-and-strategies-of-cabg-caregivers
#14
Margo A Halm
BACKGROUND: Caring for coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery patients can be challenging. No studies have explored caregiver burden by age and gender. OBJECTIVE: To describe age and gender-specific concerns, needs and strategies during the first 3 months. METHODS: Themes for burden concerns, needs and strategies were derived from interviews of 32 CABG caregivers using constant comparative analysis. RESULTS: Age-specific themes related to motivating exercise (<70), applying support hose, and self-reliance (>70)...
April 12, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408794/a-within-group-analysis-of-african-american-mothers-authoritarian-attitudes-limit-setting-and-children-s-self-regulation
#15
Elizabeth A LeCuyer, Dena Phillips Swanson
Research suggests that higher levels of authoritarian parenting exist in African American (AA) families than in European American (EA) families, and that authoritarian attitudes may be associated with more positive outcomes in AA families than EA families. However, less is known about authoritarian attitudes and children's development within AA families. This within-group study of 50 African American mothers and their 3-year-old children examined associations between maternal authoritarian attitudes, observed maternal limit-setting strategies, and children's self-regulation during a limit-setting interaction...
March 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403472/smoking-cessation-for-pregnant-smokers-development-and-pilot-test-of-an-emotion-regulation-treatment-supplement-to-standard-smoking-cessation-for-negative-affect-smokers
#16
Clara M Bradizza, Paul R Stasiewicz, Yue Zhuo, Melanie Ruszczyk, Stephen A Maisto, Joseph F Lucke, Thomas H Brandon, Rina D Eiden, Kim S Slosman, Paulette Giarratano
Introduction: Negative affect has been identified as a factor influencing continued smoking during pregnancy. In this study, a multi-component emotion regulation intervention was developed to address negative emotional smoking triggers and pilot-tested among low-income pregnant smokers. Treatment feasibility and acceptability, cotinine-verified rates of smoking cessation, and self-report of mean cigarettes smoked were assessed. Methods: Pregnant smokers who self-reported smoking in response to negative affect (N = 70) were randomly assigned to receive one of two 8-session interventions: (1) emotion regulation treatment combined with standard cognitive-behavioral smoking cessation (ERT + CBT) or (2) a health and lifestyle plus standard smoking cessation active control (HLS + CBT)...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399150/determinants-of-aggressive-behavior-interactive-effects-of-emotional-regulation-and-inhibitory-control
#17
I-Ju Hsieh, Yung Y Chen
Aggressive behavior can be defined as any behavior intended to hurt another person, and it is associated with many individual and social factors. This study examined the relationship between emotional regulation and inhibitory control in predicting aggressive behavior. Seventy-eight participants (40 males) completed self-report measures (Negative Mood Regulation Scale and Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire), a stop signal task, and engaged in a modified version of Taylor Aggression Paradigm (TAP) exercise, in which the outcome was used as a measure of direct physical aggression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395276/lower-visual-avoidance-in-dementia-patients-is-associated-with-greater-psychological-distress-in-caregivers
#18
Marcela C Otero, Robert W Levenson
Caring for a spouse with dementia can lead to increased health problems in caregivers. The present study examined whether patient deficits in visual avoidance, a common form of emotion regulation, are related to greater psychological distress in caregivers. Participants were 43 Alzheimer disease (AD) patients, 43 behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) patients, and their spousal caregivers. Patient visual avoidance (e.g., gaze aversion) was measured using behavioral coding of head, body, and eye position while viewing a disgusting film...
April 11, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394149/eating-your-feelings-testing-a-model-of-employees-work-related-stressors-sleep-quality-and-unhealthy-eating
#19
Yihao Liu, Yifan Song, Jaclyn Koopmann, Mo Wang, Chu-Hsiang Daisy Chang, Junqi Shi
Although organizational research on health-related behaviors has become increasingly popular, little attention has been paid to unhealthy eating. Drawing on the self-regulation perspective, we conducted 2 daily diary studies to examine the relationships between work-related stressors, sleep quality, negative mood, and eating behaviors. Study 1 sampled 125 participants from 5 Chinese information technology companies and showed that when participants experienced higher levels of job demands in the morning, they consumed more types of unhealthy food and fewer types of healthy food in the evening...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393646/-start-development-of-an-intervention-for-a-first-stabilization-and-arousal-modulation-for-highly-stressed-minor-refugees
#20
Andrea Dixius, Eva Möhler
START - Development of an Intervention for a First Stabilization and Arousal-modulation for Highly Stressed Minor Refugees This article focuses on the development of an intervention called "Stress-Traumasymptoms- Arousal-Regulation-Treatment" (START), through the process of working with refugeed minors in acute stress during the clearing process immediately on arrival in Germany. START is a short manualized structured intervention for crisis intervention and stabiliziation of children and adolescents suffering from intense stress and acute tension or desperation...
April 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
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