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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793573/are-overeating-and-food-addiction-related-to-distress-tolerance-an-examination-of-residents-with-obesity-from-a-u-s-metropolitan-area
#1
Andrea T Kozak, Jessica Davis, Ryan Brown, Matthew Grabowski
OBJECTIVE: Low distress tolerance (DT) is an inability to handle negative emotions. There is strong support for the connection between low DT and substance addiction, which suggests that the former might be related to food addiction (FA). Previous work found that low DT was related to overeating in a college sample. The current study had two primary aims: (1) to determine whether low DT is associated with overeating in a sample of participants with diverse races and incomes, and (2) to investigate the relationships among DT and body mass index (BMI) as well as DT and FA symptoms...
October 25, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775488/fluctuations-in-negative-emotions-predict-binge-eating-both-in-women-and-men-an-experience-sampling-study
#2
Katrin Kukk, Kirsti Akkermann
This study investigated the associations between emotional fluctuations and emotion regulation difficulties in predicting binge eating and overeating episodes using the experience sampling method among 97 women and 61 men. Among women, fluctuations in negative emotion, emotion regulation difficulties, restrained eating, and the interaction of negative emotion fluctuations and emotion regulation difficulties predicted binge eating. Among men, trait impulsivity and fluctuations in negative emotion predicted binge eating...
October 24, 2016: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757092/dietary-restraint-partially-mediates-the-relationship-between-impulsivity-and-binge-eating-only-in-lean-individuals-the-importance-of-accounting-for-body-mass-in-studies-of-restraint
#3
Jaime A Coffino, Natalia C Orloff, Julia M Hormes
Binge eating is characteristic of eating and weight-related disorders such as binge eating disorder, bulimia nervosa, and obesity. In light of data suggest impulsivity is associated with overeating specifically in restrained eaters, this study sought to elucidate the exact nature of the associations between these variables, hypothesizing that the relationship between impulsivity and binge eating is mediated by restrained eating. We further hypothesized that the role of dietary restraint as a mediator would be moderated by body mass index (BMI)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756640/reward-sensitivity-and-food-addiction-in-women
#4
Natalie J Loxton, Renée J Tipman
Sensitivity to the rewarding properties of appetitive substances has long been implicated in excessive consumption of palatable foods and drugs of abuse. Previous research focusing on individual differences in reward responsiveness has found heightened trait reward sensitivity to be associated with binge-eating, hazardous drinking, and illicit substance use. Food addiction has been proposed as an extreme form of compulsive-overeating and has been associated with genetic markers of heightened reward responsiveness...
October 15, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736671/indulgent-thinking-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-overweight-and-healthy-weight-participants-cognitions-and-emotions
#5
Bastiaan Boh, Anita Jansen, Ineke Clijsters, Chantal Nederkoorn, Lotte H J M Lemmens, Gerasimos Spanakis, Anne Roefs
Cognitions and emotions are considered important determinants of eating behaviour in cognitive behavioural models of obesity. Ecological data on these determinants is still limited. The present study investigated cognitions and emotions of overweight (n = 57) and healthy-weight (n = 43) participants via Ecological Momentary Assessment. It was found that eating-related cognitions mainly focused on desire and taste. Unexpectedly, dysfunctional cognitions (i.e., thoughts that may promote overeating) did not occur more often for overweight participants in almost all cases...
October 4, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549032/dietary-advice-on-prescription-experiences-with-a-weight-reduction-programme
#6
Marie Bräutigam-Ewe, Marie Lydell, Jörgen Månsson, Gunnar Johansson, Cathrine Hildingh
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to describe overweight persons' experiences with weight reduction and participation in the Dietary Advice on Prescription (DAP). BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of overweight individuals are able to successfully lose weight. Experiences from earlier weight reduction programmes indicate that those who succeed typically manage to avoid overeating to handle stress and have high motivation to lose weight. Those who fail have low self-control and engage in negative health behaviours such as eating when experiencing negative emotions and stress...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507130/not-merely-a-question-of-self-control-the-longitudinal-effects-of-overeating-behaviors-diet-quality-and-physical-activity-on-dieters-perceived-diet-success
#7
Carmen Keller, Christina Hartmann
This longitudinal study was conducted between 2010 (T1) and 2014 (T2) on a random sample from the general Swiss population (N = 2781, 46% male). Results showed that dieters (restrained eaters) who reported lack of success in T2 were overweight in T1, had higher levels of emotional and external eating, overeating, and ambivalence toward eating palatable food in T1, and a significantly increased body mass index (BMI) in the period between T1 and T2. Dieters who reported success in T2 had maintained a normal BMI between T1 and T2, had a higher diet quality in T1 and had maintained regular physical activity for at least one year before T2...
December 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501443/unconscious-affective-responses-to-food
#8
Wataru Sato, Reiko Sawada, Yasutaka Kubota, Motomi Toichi, Tohru Fushiki
Affective or hedonic responses to food are crucial for humans, both advantageously (e.g., enhancing survival) and disadvantageously (e.g., promoting overeating and lifestyle-related disease). Although previous psychological studies have reported evidence of unconscious cognitive and behavioral processing related to food, it remains unknown whether affective reactions to food can be triggered unconsciously and its relationship with daily eating behaviors. We investigated these issues by using the subliminal affective priming paradigm...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450701/uninvolved-maternal-feeding-style-moderates-the-association-of-emotional-overeating-to-preschoolers-body-mass-index-z-scores
#9
Maren Hankey, Natalie A Williams, Dipti Dev
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between preschoolers' eating behaviors and body mass index (BMI) z-scores (BMIz) and the moderating role of permissive parent feeding styles in these associations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study involving mothers' report of food-related parenting styles and child eating behaviors. SETTING: Small city in southern Mississippi. PARTICIPANTS: Mother-preschooler dyads (n = 104). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Child body BMIz...
September 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445911/the-incidental-influence-of-memories-of-past-eating-occasions-on-consumers-emotional-responses-to-food-and-food-related-behaviors
#10
Betina Piqueras-Fiszman, Sara R Jaeger
Our memories of past eating experiences are influential in shaping food preferences and consumption behavior, and the emotions that people associate to these memories are linked to their attitudes toward foods and their everyday food-related behaviors. This work studies the impact that food-related memories have on peoples' emotional state and how this state is projected in a subsequent evaluation of images pertaining to food and food-related behaviors. Focus is placed on guilt and shame emotions. Through an online survey, three memories were investigated (a positive meal, a routine evening meal, and an overeating occasion) among UK consumers (N = 710)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421243/compensatory-beliefs-nutrition-knowledge-and-eating-styles-of-users-and-non-users-of-meal-replacement-products
#11
Christina Hartmann, Carmen Keller, Michael Siegrist
Meal replacement products (MRPs) are used to regulate body weight, but the underlying eating behavior-related characteristics of MRP consumers are unknown. The study was based on an online survey of 490 women (221 who consume MRPs and 269 who do not) in Switzerland. Nutrition knowledge of calories, balanced meal composition and eating styles (restrained, emotional, external eating, overeating tendencies) were measured. In addition, compensatory beliefs regarding the effects of MRPs were assessed. The results showed that consumers of MRPs believed more strongly that MRPs can compensate for overeating, and that health behaviors key to successful weight regulation, such as physical exercise, do not have to be implemented when MRPs are consumed...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403849/-i-just-don-t-want-to-get-bullied-anymore-then-i-can-lead-a-normal-life-insights-into-life-as-an-obese-adolescent-and-their-views-on-obesity-treatment
#12
Lindsey J Reece, Paul Bissell, Robert J Copeland
BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity is a complex condition involving social, emotional, behavioural and cultural issues. DESIGN: One-to-one interviews and small focus groups with overweight and obese young people were conducted. Qualitative research is an appropriate method to explore the complexity of this issue. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Overweight and obese adolescent's attending a community weight management intervention in South Yorkshire...
August 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349707/taking-control-working-memory-training-in-overweight-individuals-increases-self-regulation-of-food-intake
#13
Katrijn Houben, Fania C M Dassen, Anita Jansen
Working memory (WM) plays a critical role in cognitive control by shielding self-regulatory goals from distraction by desire-related thoughts and emotions. This study examined whether training WM increases self-regulation in overweight participants. It was hypothesized that WM training would decrease psychopathological eating-related thoughts, (over)consumption of food in response to emotions and external cues, food intake and body weight. Overweight participants (n = 50) performed 20-25 sessions of WM training or control/sham training...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329604/the-association-between-dispositional-self-control-and-longitudinal-changes-in-eating-behaviors-diet-quality-and-bmi
#14
Carmen Keller, Christina Hartmann, Michael Siegrist
In a random sample from the general population (N = 2781, 46% males), a longitudinal survey was conducted. The association between dispositional self-control and changes in eating behaviours and diet quality was analysed between the first wave (2010) and the last wave (2014). Results show that the higher the dispositional self-control, the lower the increase in overeating behaviours (emotional eating, external eating, ambivalence towards palatable food and overeating), and BMI and the larger the improvement in healthy diet over time...
November 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289510/employment-discrimination-against-obese-women-in-obesity-clinic-s-patients-perspective
#15
Małgorzata Obara-Gołębiowska
BACKGROUND: The workplace is one of many areas of life where obese people are unfairly treated. According to the literature obese women are particularly susceptible to discrimination in employment. There is a lack of polish researches of this subject. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to analyze personal, subjective experiences related to weight bias and discrimination against obese people in the workplace of obese Polish women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out in a hospital clinic for obesity management...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27266664/predictors-of-binge-eating-in-male-and-female-youths-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#16
Sabrina J Schulte
OBJECTIVE: Binge eating is a health-risk behavior associated with obesity, eating disorders and many other diseases. However, binge eating research remains narrow especially in Arab countries where obesity is a primary health concern but studies on psychological factors of compulsive overeating are rare. The present study addressed this gap by examining prevalence rates and key predictors of binge eating among youths in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHOD: Binge eating was assessed together with stress levels, emotional eating, body-related shame and guilt, obsessive-compulsiveness and depression in 254 youths using standardized self-report measures...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220854/heart-failure-and-the-holidays
#17
Mahek Shah, Vikas Bhalla, Soumya Patnaik, Obiora Maludum, Marvin Lu, Vincent M Figueredo
INTRODUCTION: Studies suggest increased cardiac morbidity and heart failure exacerbations during winter months with a peak around the holiday season. Major sporting events and intense encounters in sports have been shown to affect cardiovascular outcomes amongst its fans. METHODS: All patients admitted to Einstein Medical Center between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2013 with a diagnosis of congestive heart failure were included in the study. They were included on the basis of the presence of an ICD-9CM code representing congestive heart failure as the primary diagnosis...
October 2016: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27192953/commentary-switching-the-zoom-on-the-adhd-research-lens-a-reflection-on-leventakou-et%C3%A2-al-2016
#18
Samuele Cortese
The study by Leventakou and colleagues is emblematic of a welcome change in focus in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) research. First, the authors focused on the overlooked association between ADHD and aberrant eating patterns, reflecting an emerging change in the conceptualization of ADHD as a condition affecting not only high-level cognitive processes but also more basic functions such as eating and sleeping, as well as the underlying complex metabolic and possibly inflammatory pathways. Second, the authors focused, for the first time, on the relationship between ADHD and eating disorders in preschoolers, which is of relevance for the design of preventive strategies...
June 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27154834/parental-feeding-and-child-eating-an-investigation-of-reciprocal-effects
#19
Silje Steinsbekk, Jay Belsky, Lars Wichstrøm
Parental feeding practices and children's eating behavior are consistently related to childhood obesity. However, it is not known whether parents' feeding practices predict obesogenic eating behavior or vice versa. In a Norwegian cohort (n = 797), it was found that greater parental use of food as a reward (instrumental feeding) when children were 6 predicted increased emotional overeating and food responsiveness, whereas greater parental encouragement to eat forecasted increased enjoyment of food 2 years later...
September 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129633/-i-ate-too-much-so-i-must-have-been-sad-emotions-as-a-confabulated-reason-for-overeating
#20
Marieke A Adriaanse, Sosja Prinsen, Jessie C de Witt Huberts, Denise T D de Ridder, Catharine Evers
BACKGROUND: Emotional eating (i.e., overeating in response to negative affect) is a commonly accepted explanation for eating behaviors that are not in line with personal eating-norms. However, the empirical evidence for a causal link between self-reported emotional eating and overeating is mixed. The present study tested an alternative hypothesis stating that high emotional eating scores are indicative of a susceptibility to use negative affect as a confabulated, post-hoc reason to explain overeating...
August 1, 2016: Appetite
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