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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226823/multisensory-influence-on-eating-behavior-hedonic-consumption
#1
María Hernández Ruiz de Eguilaz, Blanca Martínez de Morentin Aldabe, Eva Almiron-Roig, Salomé Pérez-Diez, Rodrigo San Cristóbal Blanco, Santiago Navas-Carretero, J Alfredo Martínez
Research in obesity has traditionally focused on prevention strategies and treatments aimed at changing lifestyle habits. However, recent research suggests that eating behavior is a habit regulated not only by homeostatic mechanisms, but also by the hedonic pathway that controls appetite and satiety processes. Cognitive, emotional, social, economic, and cultural factors, as well as organoleptic properties of food, are basic aspects to consider in order to understand eating behavior and its impact on health...
December 6, 2017: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203443/examination-of-emotion-induced-changes-in-eating-a-latent-profile-analysis-of-the-emotional-appetite-questionnaire
#2
L Bourdier, Y Morvan, G Kotbagi, L Kern, L Romo, S Berthoz
It is now recognized that emotions can influence food intake. While some people report eating less when distressed, others report either no change of eating or eating more in the same condition. The question whether this interindividual variability also occurs in response to positive emotions has been overlooked in most studies on Emotional Eating (EE). Using the Emotional Appetite Questionnaire (EMAQ) and Latent Profile Analysis, this study aimed to examine the existence of latent emotion-induced changes in eating profiles, and explore how these profiles differ by testing their relations with 1) age and sex, 2) BMI and risk for eating disorders (ED) and 3) factors that are known to be associated with EE such as perceived positive/negative feelings, depression, anxiety, stress symptoms and impulsivity...
December 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191750/sucrose-withdrawal-induces-depression-and-anxiety-like-behavior-by-kir2-1-upregulation-in-the-nucleus-accumbens
#3
Seonil Kim, Jiayi Shou, Sinedu Abera, Edward B Ziff
Dieting induces depression and anxiety among other emotional symptoms. Animal models indicate that repeated access to palatable foods such as sugar induces depression and anxiety-like behavior when the food is no longer available. However, the neurobiological mechanisms of how dietary restriction influences mood have not been fully understood. We used the two-bottle sucrose choice paradigm as an overeating and withdrawal model. Withdrawal after lengthy sucrose overeating elicited depression and anxiety-like behavior, which was reversed by sucrose reinstatement...
November 27, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130063/stress-self-regulation-and-context-evidence-from-the-health-and-retirement-survey
#4
Briana Mezuk, Scott Ratliff, Jeannie B Concha, Cleopatra M Abdou, Jane Rafferty, Hedwig Lee, James S Jackson
Health-related behaviors, such as smoking, alcohol use, exercise, and diet, are major determinants of physical health and health disparities. However, a growing body of experimental research in humans and animals also suggests these behaviors can impact the ways our bodies respond to stress, such that they modulate (that is, serve as a means to self-regulate or cope with) the deleterious impact of stressful experiences on mental health. A handful of epidemiologic studies have investigated the intersection between stress and health behaviors on health disparities (both mental and physical), with mixed results...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042189/dietary-disinhibition-mediates-the-relationship-between-poor-sleep-quality-and-body-weight
#5
Michelle L Blumfield, Bei Bei, Iona Z Zimberg, Sean W Cain
BACKGROUND: Inadequate sleep independently influences eating habits and weight status. However, the relationship between these three factors has not been well quantified. The objective of this study was to examine if eating behavior (i.e. dietary restraint, disinhibition and hunger) mediates the relationship between sleep and body mass index (BMI) in a large sample of American adults. METHOD: Cross-sectional data from the Nathan Kline Institute Rockland sample were assessed (n = 602; 38...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985151/a-randomized-pilot-study-of-a-phone-based-mindfulness-and-weight-loss-program
#6
Kelly M Carpenter, Katrina A Vickerman, Erica E Salmon, Harold S Javitz, Elissa S Epel, Jennifer C Lovejoy
This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of integrating mindfulness training into a phone-based weight loss program to improve outcomes in those with high levels of emotional eating. Participants were 75 enrollees into an employer-sponsored weight loss program who reported high levels of overeating in response to thoughts and feelings. Seventy-five overweight and obese participants (92% female, 65% Caucasian, aged 26 to 68) were randomized to the new mindfulness weight loss program (n = 50) or the standard behavioral weight loss program (n = 25)...
October 6, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951237/using-food-as-a-reward-an-examination-of-parental-reward-practices
#7
Lindsey Roberts, Jenna M Marx, Dara R Musher-Eizenman
Eating patterns and taste preferences are often established early in life. Many studies have examined how parental feeding practices may affect children's outcomes, including food intake and preference. The current study focused on a common food parenting practice, using food as a reward, and used Latent Profile Analysis (LPA) to examine whether mothers (n = 376) and fathers (n = 117) of children ages 2.8 to 7.5 (M = 4.7; SD = 1.1) grouped into profiles (i.e., subgroups) based on how they use of food as a reward...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938904/appetitive-traits-associated-with-higher-and-lower-body-mass-index-evaluating-the-validity-of-the-adult-eating-behaviour-questionnaire-in-an-australian-sample
#8
Kimberley M Mallan, Alison Fildes, Xochitl de la Piedad Garcia, Jayne Drzezdzon, Matthew Sampson, Clare Llewellyn
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the factor structure of the newly developed Adult Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (AEBQ) (Hunot et al., Appetite 105:356-63, 2016) in an Australian sample, and examine associations between the four food approach and four food avoidance appetitive traits with body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Participants (N = 998) recruited between May and October 2016 via a university research participation scheme and online social network sites completed an online version of the AEBQ and self-reported demographic and anthropometric data...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919371/perinatal-deficiency-in-dietary-omega-3-fatty-acids-potentiates-sucrose-reward-and-diet-induced-obesity-in-mice
#9
Stéphanie Auguste, Sandeep Sharma, Alexandre Fisette, Maria F Fernandes, Caroline Daneault, Christine Des Rosiers, Stephanie Fulton
Insufficient dietary intake of essential omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (N-3), especially during critical stages of development, is well-associated with negative neurological and metabolic consequences. The increased availability and intake of foods rich in saturated fat coincides with reduced N-3 consumption, yet how N-3 dietary deficiency during perinatal development modulates motivation for palatable food and interacts with a high-fat diet to affect body weight and emotional states is not clear. Pregnant C57Bl6 mice and pups were subjected to diets either deficient or adequate (control) in N-3 until postnatal day 21...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883784/neuroscience-of-compulsive-eating-behavior
#10
REVIEW
Catherine F Moore, Valentina Sabino, George F Koob, Pietro Cottone
A systematic characterization of compulsivity in pathological forms of eating has been proposed in the context of three functional domains: (1) habitual overeating; (2) overeating to relieve a negative emotional state; and (3) overeating despite aversive consequences. In this review, we provide evidence supporting this hypothesis and we differentiate the nascent field of neurocircuits and neurochemical mediators of compulsive eating through their underlying neuropsychobiological processes. A better understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms that lead to compulsive eating behavior can improve behavioral and pharmacological intervention for disorders of pathological eating...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871527/rapid-eating-is-linked-to-emotional-eating-in-obese-women-relieving-from-bariatric-surgery
#11
Claire-Charlotte Canterini, Isabelle Gaubil-Kaladjian, Séverine Vatin, Amélie Viard, Aurore Wolak-Thierry, Eric Bertin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Eating rate is associated with BMI and weight gain in various populations and is a factor modulating the risk of complications after bariatric surgery. The aim of the present study is to determine whether common difficulties to change eating rate in subjects with obesity candidate to bariatric surgery could be due to more extensive abnormalities in eating behaviour. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 116 consecutive female patients attending a nutrition consultation for obesity in a specialized centre in France...
September 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866031/emotional-eating-is-related-with-temperament-but-not-with-stress-biomarkers-in-preschool-children
#12
Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Kerstin Stülb, Tanja H Kakebeeke, Amar Arhab, Annina E Zysset, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A Schmutz, Andrea H Meyer, Ulrike Ehlert, David Garcia-Burgos, Susi Kriemler, Oskar G Jenni, Jardena J Puder, Simone Munsch
Emotional eating (EE) corresponds to a change in eating behavior in response to distress and results in an increase of food intake (overeating (EOE)) or in food avoidance (undereating (EUE)). EE has been related to temperament (i.e. negative emotionality) and dysregulated stress biomarkers in school-aged children; parenting has been understood to influence this relationship in older children. The aim of the study was to investigate to which extent stress biomarkers and negative emotionality are related to EE and to understand the role of parenting in this relationship...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831105/emotional-over-and-under-eating-in-early-childhood-are-learned-not-inherited
#13
Moritz Herle, Alison Fildes, Silje Steinsbekk, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Clare H Llewellyn
Emotional overeating (EOE) has been associated with increased obesity risk, while emotional undereating (EUE) may be protective. Interestingly, EOE and EUE tend to correlate positively, but it is unclear whether they reflect different aspects of the same underlying trait, or are distinct behaviours with different aetiologies. Data were from 2054 five-year-old children from the Gemini twin birth cohort, including parental ratings of child EOE and EUE using the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire. Genetic and environmental influences on variation and covariation in EUE and EOE were established using a bivariate Twin Model...
August 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766852/serotonin-transporter-promoter-polymorphism-modulates-the-ability-to-control-food-intake-effect-on-total-weight-loss
#14
Gemma Bonnet, Purificación Gómez-Abellán, Beatriz Vera, Juan Francisco Sánchez-Romera, Antonio M Hernández-Martínez, Silvia Sookoian, Carlos Jose Pirola, Marta Garaulet
SCOPE: The biggest challenge for losing weight is the ability to control the amount of food eaten; the tendency to overeat is called disinhibition. Our aims were to determine whether (a) the SLC6A4-promoter variant (5-HTTLPR) relates to disinhibition; (b) this association could affect total weight-loss during a behavioral/dietary treatment for obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 2961 subjects attended voluntarily five weight-loss clinics; a subsample (n = 624) was recruited for SLC6A4 genotyping...
August 2, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712729/gene-by-cognition-interaction-on-stress-induced-attention-bias-for-food-effects-of-5-httlpr-and-ruminative-thinking
#15
Robbie Schepers, C Rob Markus
INTRODUCTION: Stress is often found to increase the preference and intake of high caloric foods. This effect is known as emotional eating and is influenced by cognitive as well as biological stress vulnerabilities. An S-allele of the 5-HTTLPR gene has been linked to decreased (brain) serotonin efficiency, leading to decreased stress resilience and increased risks for negative affect and eating related disturbances. Recently it has been proposed that a cognitive ruminative thinking style can further exacerbate the effect of this gene by prolonging the already increased stress response, thereby potentially increasing the risk of compensating by overeating high palatable foods...
September 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711610/night-eating-among-veterans-with-obesity
#16
Lindsey M Dorflinger, Christopher B Ruser, Robin M Masheb
The obesity rate is higher among veterans than the general population, yet few studies have examined their eating behaviors, and none have examined the presence of night eating and related comorbidities. This study examines night eating syndrome (NES) among veterans seeking weight management treatment, and relationships between NES and weight, insomnia, disordered eating, and psychological variables. The sample consisted of 110 veterans referred to a weight management program at VA Connecticut Healthcare System...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709960/eating-behavior-style-predicts-craving-and-anxiety-experienced-in-food-related-virtual-environments-by-patients-with-eating-disorders-and-healthy-controls
#17
Marta Ferrer-Garcia, Joana Pla-Sanjuanelo, Antonios Dakanalis, Ferran Vilalta-Abella, Giuseppe Riva, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Isabel Sánchez, Joan Ribas-Sabaté, Alexis Andreu-Gracia, Neli Escandón-Nagel, Osane Gomez-Tricio, Virginia Tena, José Gutiérrez-Maldonado
Eating behavior style (emotional, restrictive, or external) has been proposed as an explanation for the differences in response to food-related cues between people who overeat and those who do not, and has been also considered a target for the treatment of eating disorders (EDs) characterized by lack of control over eating and weight-related (overweight/obesity) conditions. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between eating behavior style and psychophysiological responses (self-reported food craving and anxiety) to food-related virtual reality (VR) environments in outpatients with bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) and to compare them with healthy participants...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694738/-can-you-keep-it-real-practical-and-culturally-tailored-lifestyle-recommendations-by-mexican-american-women-diagnosed-with-type-2-diabetes-a-qualitative-study
#18
Sandra Benavides-Vaello, Sharon A Brown, Roxanne Vandermause
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article is to engage clinicians in a dialogue about ideas on how to provide more specific, contextually relevant, practical and culturally tailored diabetes self-management recommendations as suggested by Mexican-American women diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Current diabetes self-management recommendations, targeting Mexican Americans in particular, remain largely broad ("reduce your calorie intake" or "cut back on carbs"), overly ambitious ("stop eating tortillas"), and relatively ineffective (Svedbo Engström et al...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549761/positive-and-negative-emotional-eating-have-different-associations-with-overeating-and-binge-eating-construction-and-validation-of-the-positive-negative-emotional-eating-scale
#19
Hedvig Sultson, Katrin Kukk, Kirsti Akkermann
Research on emotional eating mostly focuses on negative emotions. Much less is known about how positive emotions relate to overeating and binge eating (BE). The aim of the current study was to construct a scale for positive and negative emotional eating and to assess its predictive validity. In study 1, the Positive-Negative Emotional Eating Scale (PNEES) was constructed and tested on 531 women, who also completed Eating Disorders Assessment Scale (EDAS). Results showed that a two-factor model constituting Positive emotional eating (PNEES-P) and Negative emotional eating (PNEES-N) fit the data well...
May 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549759/-smile-away-your-cravings-facial-feedback-modulates-cue-induced-food-cravings
#20
Jennifer Schmidt, Alexandra Martin
Food cravings are common experiences that precede dysfunctional eating behaviors, such as overeating and binge eating. These cravings are often related to negative affect, especially in emotional eaters. Recent studies have revived interest in a theory on the implicit modulation of affect: the facial feedback-hypothesis. This theory claims that mimic expressions influence affective experiences. Given the association between negative affect and food craving, facial feedback could provide a means to reduce or prevent food cravings...
May 24, 2017: Appetite
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