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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666844/burnout-among-anesthetists-and-intensive-care-physicians
#1
Audrius Mikalauskas, Rimantas Benetis, Edmundas Širvinskas, Judita Andrejaitienė, Šarūnas Kinduris, Andrius Macas, Žilvinas Padaiga
Burnout is a syndrome of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion, and low personal accomplishment. Little is known about burnout in physicians. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of burnout among anesthetists and intensive care physicians, and associations between burnout and personal, as well as professional, characteristics. Methods: In total, 220 anesthetists and intensive care physicians were contacted by email, asking them to participate in the study. For depression screening the PHQ-2 questionnaire, for problem drinking, CAGE items were used...
2018: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626825/emotional-eating-and-temperamental-traits-in-eating-disorders-a-dimensional-approach
#2
Francesco Rotella, Edoardo Mannucci, Sara Gemignani, Lisa Lazzeretti, Giulia Fioravanti, Valdo Ricca
Growing evidence shows that temperamental features and emotional dysregulation are linked to Eating Disorders (EDs). Aim of this study was to explore the possible relationship between temperament and emotional eating (EE) from a dimensional standpoint, and the association of specific temperamental dimensions with overeating triggered by specific emotions. We enrolled 253 women with Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder. Of those, 189 (74.7%), 73 (28.8%), and 80 (31.6%) reported binge eating, purging, or restrictive behaviors, respectively (the categories are not mutually exclusive)...
March 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622981/acute-triggers-of-myocardial-infarction-a-case-crossover-study
#3
Maryam Ghiasmand, Mohammad Taghi Moghadamnia, Majid Pourshaikhian, Ehsan Kazemnejad Lili
Background: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is one of the most preventable non-communicable diseases in human. Identifying triggers of myocardial infarction (MI) and prevention ways of exposure-induced complications can reduce morbidity and mortality in people at risk. Aim: The aim of this study was to identify the emotional, environmental, physical and chemical dimensions of acute triggers in patients with AMI. Methods: This case-crossover study was conducted on 269 patients with AMI, hospitalized at two remedial centers in Rasht in 2015...
December 2017: The Egyptian heart journal: (EHJ): official bulletin of the Egyptian Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544188/do-participants-with-children-age-18-and-under-have-suboptimal-weight-loss
#4
Diane L Rosenbaum, Jocelyn E Remmert, Evan M Forman, Meghan L Butryn
OBJECTIVES: Parenthood is a time marked by behaviors that may promote risk for weight gain, including decreased physical activity and increased unhealthy eating. Little is known about parents in the context of behavioral weight loss, such as whether they differ in weight losses, and related barriers, or behaviors. METHOD: We compared parents of children aged 18 and younger (n = 105) to other participants who did not have children, or whose children were in adulthood (n = 215) in a behavioral weight loss program to evaluate six-month weight losses, and weight loss barriers and behaviors...
March 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505459/bariatric-outcomes-self-management-for-sustained-surgical-success-a-multicomponent-treatment-for-dysregulated-overeating-in-bariatric-surgery-patients
#5
Laura M Anderson, Thomas P Chacko
Binge eating disorder, food addiction, and dysregulated overeating are common among people with severe obesity and prevalent among bariatric surgery populations. These problematic eating habits share commonalities with other addictions. Effective, holistic self-management is needed to promote long-term weight loss and psychosocial adjustment among patients who are severely obese who undergo surgery, especially those with clinically remarkable levels of binge eating, food addiction, or dysregulated overeating...
January 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455384/novel-interventions-to-reduce-stress-and-overeating-in-overweight-pregnant-women-a-feasibility-study
#6
B A Laraia, N E Adler, K Coleman-Phox, C Vieten, L Mellin, J L Kristeller, M Thomas, N E Stotland, R H Lustig, M F Dallman, F M Hecht, N R Bush, C L de Groat, E Epel
Background High stress and depression during pregnancy are risk factors for worsened health trajectories for both mother and offspring. This is also true for pre-pregnancy obesity and excessive gestational weight gain. Reducing stress and depression may be one path to prevent excessive caloric intake and gestational weight gain. Study Purpose We tested the feasibility of two novel interventions aimed at reducing stress and overeating during pregnancy. Reflecting different theoretical underpinnings, the interventions target different mechanisms...
February 17, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438715/perceived-child-eating-behaviours-and-maternal-migrant-background
#7
Maria Somaraki, Karin Eli, Kimmo Sorjonen, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Claude Marcus, Myles S Faith, Christine Persson Osowski, Anna Ek, Paulina Nowicka
The Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) is a well-established instrument in the study of obesity-related eating behaviours among children. However, research using the CEBQ in multicultural samples is limited. This study aims to identify and examine differences in child eating behaviours as reported by Swedish-born and non-Swedish-born mothers living in Sweden. Mothers (n = 1310, 74 countries of origin, mean age 36.5 years, 63.6% with higher education, 29.2% with overweight or obesity) of five-year-olds (mean age 4...
February 10, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410008/changes-in-eating-behavior-and-plasma-leptin-in-children-with-obesity-participating-in-a-family-centered-lifestyle-intervention
#8
Tamara R Cohen, Tom J Hazell, Catherine A Vanstone, Celia Rodd, Hope A Weiler
The goal of childhood obesity lifestyle interventions are to positively change body composition, however it is unknown if interventions also modulate factors that are related to energy intake. This study aimed to examine changes in eating behaviors and plasma leptin concentrations in overweight and obese children participating in a 1-year family-centered lifestyle intervention. Interventions were based on Canadian diet and physical activity (PA) guidelines. Children were randomized to 1 of 3 groups: Control (Ctrl; no intervention), Standard treatment (StnTx: 2 servings milk and alternatives/day (d), 3x/wk weight-bearing PA), or Modified treatment (ModTx: 4 servings milk and alternatives/day; daily weight-bearing PA)...
February 2, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384463/emotion-dysregulation-across-the-spectrum-of-pathological-eating-comparisons-among-women-with-binge-eating-overeating-and-loss-of-control-eating
#9
Sarah E Racine, Sarah A Horvath
Emotion regulation difficulties influence the etiology and maintenance of binge eating and eating disorders, but differential associations between emotion dysregulation and objective binge eating (OBE) components have not been examined. We compared emotion dysregulation dimensions in women with OBEs (n = 27), overeating only (n = 25), loss of control (LOC) only (n = 32), or no pathological eating (n = 137). Women with OBEs had significantly more difficulty with overall emotion dysregulation, access to strategies, and impulse control when upset than other groups...
January 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357310/early-childhood-stress-and-child-age-predict-longitudinal-increases-in-obesogenic-eating-among-low-income-children
#10
Alison L Miller, Ashley N Gearhardt, Lauren Retzloff, Julie Sturza, Niko Kaciroti, Julie C Lumeng
OBJECTIVE: To identify whether psychosocial stress exposure during early childhood predicts subsequent increased eating in the absence of hunger (EAH), emotional overeating, food responsiveness, and enjoyment of food. METHODS: This was an observational longitudinal study. Among 207 low-income children (54.6% non-Hispanic white, 46.9% girls), early childhood stress exposure was measured by parent report and a stress exposure index calculated, with higher scores indicating more stress exposure...
January 31, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352024/neuropharmacology-of-compulsive-eating
#11
REVIEW
Catherine F Moore, Julia I Panciera, Valentina Sabino, Pietro Cottone
Compulsive eating behaviour is a transdiagnostic construct observed in certain forms of obesity and eating disorders, as well as in the proposed construct of 'food addiction'. Compulsive eating can be conceptualized as comprising three elements: (i) habitual overeating, (ii) overeating to relieve a negative emotional state, and (iii) overeating despite adverse consequences. Neurobiological processes that include maladaptive habit formation, the emergence of a negative affect, and dysfunctions in inhibitory control are thought to drive the development and persistence of compulsive eating behaviour...
March 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305889/tracking-diet-variety-in-childhood-and-its-association-with-eating-behaviours-related-to-appetite-the-generation-xxi-birth-cohort
#12
Sofia Vilela, Marion M Hetherington, Andreia Oliveira, Carla Lopes
Research on the influence of early eating habits on eating behaviours related to appetite using a prospective approach is scarce, especially in children. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between changes in diet variety from 4 to 7 years of age and appetitive traits measured at 7 years of age. Participants are from the population-based birth cohort Generation XXI (2005-2006). The present analysis included 4537 children with complete data on a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) at both ages, and on the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire at 7y...
April 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226823/multisensory-influence-on-eating-behavior-hedonic-consumption
#13
María Hernández Ruiz de Eguilaz, Blanca Martínez de Morentin Aldabe, Eva Almiron-Roig, Salomé Pérez-Diez, Rodrigo San Cristóbal Blanco, Santiago Navas-Carretero, J Alfredo Martínez
Research in obesity has traditionally focused on prevention strategies and treatments aimed at changing lifestyle habits. However, recent research suggests that eating behavior is a habit regulated not only by homeostatic mechanisms, but also by the hedonic pathway that controls appetite and satiety processes. Cognitive, emotional, social, economic, and cultural factors, as well as organoleptic properties of food, are basic aspects to consider in order to understand eating behavior and its impact on health...
February 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203443/examination-of-emotion-induced-changes-in-eating-a-latent-profile-analysis-of-the-emotional-appetite-questionnaire
#14
L Bourdier, Y Morvan, G Kotbagi, L Kern, L Romo, S Berthoz
It is now recognized that emotions can influence food intake. While some people report eating less when distressed, others report either no change of eating or eating more in the same condition. The question whether this interindividual variability also occurs in response to positive emotions has been overlooked in most studies on Emotional Eating (EE). Using the Emotional Appetite Questionnaire (EMAQ) and Latent Profile Analysis, this study aimed to examine the existence of latent emotion-induced changes in eating profiles, and explore how these profiles differ by testing their relations with 1) age and sex, 2) BMI and risk for eating disorders (ED) and 3) factors that are known to be associated with EE such as perceived positive/negative feelings, depression, anxiety, stress symptoms and impulsivity...
April 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191750/sucrose-withdrawal-induces-depression-and-anxiety-like-behavior-by-kir2-1-upregulation-in-the-nucleus-accumbens
#15
Seonil Kim, Jiayi Shou, Sinedu Abera, Edward B Ziff
Dieting induces depression and anxiety among other emotional symptoms. Animal models indicate that repeated access to palatable foods such as sugar induces depression and anxiety-like behavior when the food is no longer available. However, the neurobiological mechanisms of how dietary restriction influences mood have not been fully understood. We used the two-bottle sucrose choice paradigm as an overeating and withdrawal model. Withdrawal after lengthy sucrose overeating elicited depression and anxiety-like behavior, which was reversed by sucrose reinstatement...
March 1, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130063/stress-self-regulation-and-context-evidence-from-the-health-and-retirement-survey
#16
Briana Mezuk, Scott Ratliff, Jeannie B Concha, Cleopatra M Abdou, Jane Rafferty, Hedwig Lee, James S Jackson
Health-related behaviors, such as smoking, alcohol use, exercise, and diet, are major determinants of physical health and health disparities. However, a growing body of experimental research in humans and animals also suggests these behaviors can impact the ways our bodies respond to stress, such that they modulate (that is, serve as a means to self-regulate or cope with) the deleterious impact of stressful experiences on mental health. A handful of epidemiologic studies have investigated the intersection between stress and health behaviors on health disparities (both mental and physical), with mixed results...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042189/dietary-disinhibition-mediates-the-relationship-between-poor-sleep-quality-and-body-weight
#17
Michelle L Blumfield, Bei Bei, Iona Z Zimberg, Sean W Cain
BACKGROUND: Inadequate sleep independently influences eating habits and weight status. However, the relationship between these three factors has not been well quantified. The objective of this study was to examine if eating behavior (i.e. dietary restraint, disinhibition and hunger) mediates the relationship between sleep and body mass index (BMI) in a large sample of American adults. METHOD: Cross-sectional data from the Nathan Kline Institute Rockland sample were assessed (n = 602; 38...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985151/a-randomized-pilot-study-of-a-phone-based-mindfulness-and-weight-loss-program
#18
Kelly M Carpenter, Katrina A Vickerman, Erica E Salmon, Harold S Javitz, Elissa S Epel, Jennifer C Lovejoy
This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of integrating mindfulness training into a phone-based weight loss program to improve outcomes in those with high levels of emotional eating. Participants were 75 enrollees into an employer-sponsored weight loss program who reported high levels of overeating in response to thoughts and feelings. Seventy-five overweight and obese participants (92% female, 65% Caucasian, aged 26 to 68 years) were randomized to the new mindfulness weight loss program (n = 50) or the standard behavioral weight loss program (n = 25)...
October 6, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951237/using-food-as-a-reward-an-examination-of-parental-reward-practices
#19
Lindsey Roberts, Jenna M Marx, Dara R Musher-Eizenman
Eating patterns and taste preferences are often established early in life. Many studies have examined how parental feeding practices may affect children's outcomes, including food intake and preference. The current study focused on a common food parenting practice, using food as a reward, and used Latent Profile Analysis (LPA) to examine whether mothers (n = 376) and fathers (n = 117) of children ages 2.8 to 7.5 (M = 4.7; SD = 1.1) grouped into profiles (i.e., subgroups) based on how they use of food as a reward...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938904/appetitive-traits-associated-with-higher-and-lower-body-mass-index-evaluating-the-validity-of-the-adult-eating-behaviour-questionnaire-in-an-australian-sample
#20
Kimberley M Mallan, Alison Fildes, Xochitl de la Piedad Garcia, Jayne Drzezdzon, Matthew Sampson, Clare Llewellyn
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the factor structure of the newly developed Adult Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (AEBQ) (Hunot et al., Appetite 105:356-63, 2016) in an Australian sample, and examine associations between the four food approach and four food avoidance appetitive traits with body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Participants (N = 998) recruited between May and October 2016 via a university research participation scheme and online social network sites completed an online version of the AEBQ and self-reported demographic and anthropometric data...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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