keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

emotional overeating

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352029/dissociable-temporal-effects-of-bupropion-on-behavioural-measures-of-emotional-and-reward-processing-in-depression
#1
Annabel E L Walsh, Michael Browning, Wayne C Drevets, Maura Furey, Catherine J Harmer
Antidepressants remediate negative biases in emotional processing early in treatment, prior to mood improvement. However, the effects on reward processing potentially relevant to the treatment of anhedonia are less clear. Here we investigate the early and sustained effects of the dopamine and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor bupropion on behavioural measures of emotional and reward processing in currently depressed individuals. Forty-six currently depressed patients and 42 healthy controls participated in a repeated measures study, during which open-label bupropion was administered to only the patient group over a six week period without a placebo group...
March 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352025/state-of-the-art-and-future-directions-for-extinction-as-a-translational-model-for-fear-and-anxiety
#2
REVIEW
Michelle G Craske, Dirk Hermans, Bram Vervliet
Through advances in both basic and clinical scientific research, Pavlovian fear conditioning and extinction have become an exemplary translational model for understanding and treating anxiety disorders. Discoveries in associative and neurobiological mechanisms underlying extinction have informed techniques for optimizing exposure therapy that enhance the formation of inhibitory associations and their consolidation and retrieval over time and context. Strategies that enhance formation include maximizing prediction-error correction by violating expectancies, deepened extinction, occasional reinforced extinction, attentional control and removal of safety signals/behaviours...
March 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352024/neuropharmacology-of-compulsive-eating
#3
REVIEW
Catherine F Moore, Julia I Panciera, Valentina Sabino, Pietro Cottone
Compulsive eating behaviour is a transdiagnostic construct observed in certain forms of obesity and eating disorders, as well as in the proposed construct of 'food addiction'. Compulsive eating can be conceptualized as comprising three elements: (i) habitual overeating, (ii) overeating to relieve a negative emotional state, and (iii) overeating despite adverse consequences. Neurobiological processes that include maladaptive habit formation, the emergence of a negative affect, and dysfunctions in inhibitory control are thought to drive the development and persistence of compulsive eating behaviour...
March 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351729/the-brief-assessment-of-family-functioning-scale-baffs-a-three-item-version-of-the-general-functioning-scale-of-the-family-assessment-device
#4
Abigail K Mansfield, Gabor I Keitner, Thomas Sheeran
The purpose of the present study is to compare results from the 12-item General Functioning Scale (GF-FAD) of the Family Assessment Device (FAD) to a three-item version, the Brief Assessment of Family Functioning Scale (BAFFS), designed to be used when brevity is especially important. We used principal components analysis of the GF-FAD, followed by multiple sample confirmatory factor analyses to test the robustness of the BAFFS in different samples. The BAFFS correlated highly with the GF-FAD, and demonstrated good concurrent validity with another measure of global marital functioning, the Dyadic Adjustment Scale-4 in a help-seeking sample...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350787/fathers-experiences-with-their-preterm-babies-admitted-to-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-multi-method-study
#5
Alberto Stefana, Ezio Maria Padovani, Paolo Biban, Manuela Lavelli
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate fathers' emotional experiences of their infant's preterm birth and subsequent stay in neonatal intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: When a baby is born preterm, there is also the premature interruption of the process of preparation for fatherhood. As a result, the impact on fathers of the preterm birth can bring negative consequences for the development of father-infant relationship. DESIGN: A multi-method approach was used which included ethnographic observation, semi-structured interviews with fathers, a self-report questionnaire and clinical information between September 2015-March 2017...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349700/adrenergic-and-metabolic-effects-of-electrical-weapons-review-and-meta-analysis-of-human-data
#6
REVIEW
S N Kunz, H G Calkins, J Adamec, M W Kroll
INTRODUCTION: Electronic control with the CEW (conducted electrical weapon) has gained widespread acceptance as the preferred force option due to its significant injury reduction. However, a CEW application does stress the human body. In the case of the CEW, the human body response is similar to the challenge of physical exercise combined with emotional stress over a very short time interval. There has been concern whether the tension of the skeletal-muscle system together with the emotional stress of being exposed to the effects of a CEW, can lead to severe metabolic dysfunction...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349201/factors-affecting-the-physical-and-mental-health-of-older-adults-in-china-the-importance-of-marital-status-child-proximity-and-gender
#7
Lindy Williams, Renling Zhang, Kevin C Packard
Evidence is accumulating about the association between strong family ties and the emotional and physical welfare of older adults, and researchers have identified negative consequences of being unmarried, being childless, and/or living alone. These associations have been recognized in multiple contexts, including in Asia where living with a spouse and/or grown children has been shown in some studies to improve elderly well-being. Social support, especially family support, is expected to continue to be important where populations are aging and social safety nets are weak...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347895/-childhood-experiences-of-adolescents-in-boarding-schools-a-comparison-with-adolescents-in-residential-care-and-with-the-general-population
#8
Thea Rau, Jeannine Ohlert, Jörg M Fegert, Sabine Andresen, Andrea Pohling, Marc Allroggen
Childhood Experiences of Adolescents in Boarding Schools. A Comparison with Adolescents in Residential Care and with the General Population Various studies indicate that students in boarding schools experience a lot of violence during their accommodation. However, it is not proved whether adolescents in boarding schools are also a burdensome group regarding early childhood experiences such as neglect and abuse. The aim of the study was to find out more about the experiences of adolescents in boarding schools and to determine whether there are differences between adolescents in residential care and between the general population...
January 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347893/-how-beautiful-must-i-be-physical-attractiveness-and-mental-health-in-adolescents
#9
Derya Meretuk, Julia Plück, Franz Petermann, Gerd Lehmkuhl
"How Beautiful Must I be?"- Physical Attractiveness and Mental Health in Adolescents Physical attractiveness is a high priority for young people. The beauty ideals and presentations spread in the media often reinforce self-doubt and self-insecurity. In 730 adolescents (age 13 to 20 years) it was measured, how they experience appearance-related social pressure (FASD), the extent to which physical deficits are perceived (BDDQ), and how these features are related to mental symptoms (SDQ). The results demonstrate that young people are very concerned about their appearance (30...
January 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345021/effects-of-loneliness-on-illness-perception-in-persons-with-a-chronic-disease
#10
Fatma Özkan Tuncay, Tülay Kars Fertelli, Mukadder Mollaoğlu
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to determine the effects of loneliness on illness perception in persons with a chronic disease. BACKGROUND: How an illness is perceived not only affects all dimensions of a person's life but also plays an important role in his/her coping with the complications and consequences of the disease. One of the factors that influence the illness perception is loneliness. DESIGN: The study is a descriptive study...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344406/research-protocol-investigating-the-feasibility-of-a-group-self-management-intervention-for-stroke-the-gusto-study
#11
Ella Clark, Nick S Ward, Gianluca Baio, Fiona Jones
Background: Life after stroke can be an ongoing struggle with over half of all survivors reporting unmet emotional and social needs. In the United Kingdom's (UK) national clinical guidelines for stroke, self-management is suggested as one approach which can support long-term needs. In the UK NHS, self-management interventions are delivered in various ways. Regardless of the delivery mechanism, a tailored approach and ways to integrate peer support are advocated. Group delivery offers a platform for peer support and has the potential to remain individualised...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343739/qualitative-systematic-review-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-self-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-views-of-patients-and-healthcare-professionals
#12
REVIEW
Siân Russell, Oladapo J Ogunbayo, James J Newham, Karen Heslop-Marshall, Paul Netts, Barbara Hanratty, Fiona Beyer, Eileen Kaner
Self-management interventions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can improve quality of life, reduce hospital admissions, and improve symptoms. However, many factors impede engagement for patients and practitioners. Qualitative research, with its focus on subjective experience, can provide invaluable insights into such factors. Therefore, a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative evidence on COPD self-management from the perspective of patients, carers, and practitioners was conducted. Following a systematic search and screening, 31 studies were appraised and data extracted for analysis...
January 17, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340943/a-prospective-investigation-of-rumination-and-executive-control-in-predicting-overgeneral-autobiographical-memory-in-adolescence
#13
Tracy M Stewart, Simon C Hunter, Sinéad M Rhodes
The CaR-FA-X model (Williams et al., 2007), or capture and rumination (CaR), functional avoidance (FA), and impaired executive control (X), is a model of overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM). Two mechanisms of the model, rumination and executive control, were examined in isolation and in interaction in order to investigate OGM over time. Across two time points, six months apart, a total of 149 adolescents (13-16 years) completed the minimal-instruction autobiographical memory test, a measure of executive control with both emotional and nonemotional stimuli, and measures of brooding rumination and reflective pondering...
January 16, 2018: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337143/the-role-of-hedgehog-responsive-fibroblasts-in-facial-nerve-regeneration
#14
Gabriela L Bobarnac Dogaru, Subhash C Juneja, Alireza Shokrani, Roseanne Y Hui, Yang Chai, Jon-Paul Pepper
BACKGROUND: Facial nerve paralysis is a significant cause of morbidity, affecting facial appearance, emotional expression, speech, oral competence, and vision. A more complete understanding of the complex cellular events required for successful nerve regeneration may reveal new therapeutic targets. The role of fibroblasts in regeneration, and the process by which the nerve reforms its three-dimensional structure after a transection injury, are not fully understood. The Hedgehog signaling pathway has been shown to mediate nerve sheath formation during development...
January 11, 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336671/the-indirect-effect-of-ethnic-identity-on-marijuana-use-through-school-engagement-an-african-american-high-school-sample
#15
Chelsea E Arsenault, Sycarah Fisher, Danelle Stevens-Watkins, Jessica Barnes-Najor
BACKGROUND: African American marijuana use is associated with many negative social, emotional, and health-related consequences. Of significance, over recent years this population has shown an increase in use. In the literature, ethnic identity and school engagement are prominent protective factors against substance use. OBJECTIVE: This study will examine how these protective factors are related, specifically whether ethnic identity mitigates risk through school engagement to reduce marijuana use...
January 16, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334867/increasing-prevalence-of-emotional-symptoms-in-higher-socioeconomic-strata-trend-study-among-danish-schoolchildren-1991-2014
#16
Pernille Due, Mogens T Damsgaard, Katrine R Madsen, Line Nielsen, Signe B Rayce, Bjørn E Holstein
AIMS: The aims of this study were: (a) to examine trends in daily emotional symptoms among 11- to 15-year-olds from 1991 to 2014 in Denmark, and (b) to examine trends in social inequality in daily emotional symptoms, that is, whether the differences in prevalence between adolescents with parents of varying occupational social class changed over time. METHODS: We combined seven comparable cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-aged Children surveys ( N=31,169)...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334517/the-effect-of-arthropathies-on-illness-perceptions-coping-strategies-outcomes-and-their-changes-over-time-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-12-month-follow-up-study
#17
Sanne J H van Erp, Mike van der Have, Herma H Fidder, Désirée van der Heijde, Ron Wolterbeek, Daniel W Hommes, Ad A Kaptein, Andrea E van der Meulen-de Jong
OBJECTIVES: Arthropathies are a common extraintestinal manifestation (EIM) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study evaluated the differences in illness perceptions, coping strategies, and illness outcomes between patients with IBD with and without arthropathies at baseline and examined changes at 12 months in these variables in patients with arthropathies. METHODS: In total, 204 patients with (n=123) and without (n=81) arthropathies completed questionnaires at baseline and after 1 year, assessing illness perceptions, coping strategies, quality of life, and work and activity impairment...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333876/figuring-it-out-how-late-adolescent-and-young-adult-men-and-women-perceive-and-address-problems-in-sexual-functioning
#18
Lucia F O'Sullivan, Judith Wuest, E Sandra Byers
Although there are high rates of sexual problems and sexual dysfunction in adulthood (Mitchell et al., 2013), little is known about the circumstances under which problems are first experienced. A growing body of research addresses prevalence of problems in sexual functioning among adolescents and young adults, yet little is known about the meanings that young people give to these experiences or how they deal with them. We used content analysis of qualitative interviews with 53 heterosexual, sexually active Canadian adolescents (ages 18 to 21) to explore their perceptions of the sexual problems in functioning they had experienced and the strategies (if any) they used to address them over time...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333825/6-minutes
#19
Pablo R Justich Zabala
At present, there is a trend towards reducing the duration of office visits. In some regions of Spain, it has been set at 6 minutes per patient. This impacts on several levels: literally, many times it is impossible to complete the medical act; at an emotional level, because there is little possibility to establish an adequate doctor-patient relationship; and symbolically, for considering that the main aspects of humane health care are expendable. This takes place in a society that tends to see health care as a merchandise subject to market rules that gives priority to the immediate over the important...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332672/motivational-factors-associated-with-drowsy-driving-behavior-a-qualitative-investigation-of-college-students
#20
Kenneth H Beck, Clark J Lee, Talia Weiner
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative investigation sought to identify the motivational factors that contribute to drowsy driving in college students and to discover important messaging strategies that may help prevent or reduce this behavior in this population. DESIGN: Four focus groups of college students. SETTING: A large university in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area during the Fall 2016 term. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six undergraduate students between the ages of 18 and 25 years...
February 2018: Sleep Health
keyword
keyword
86814
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"