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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645127/-high-prevalence-of-antipsychotic-medication-use-in-dementia-patients-in-german-neuropsychiatric-practices
#1
Jens Bohlken, Anke Booker, Karel Kostev
Background The aim of the present study was to examine inpatients as well as patients living at home with respect to the frequency of antipsychotic medication use and to determine the factors leading to initial use of antipsychotics following dementia diagnosis. Methods This study included patients aged 60 years and over with an initial diagnosis of all-cause dementia (index date) by German psychiatrists in Disease Analyzer database (IMS Health). The main outcome measure was the proportion of patients who initially received an antipsychotic prescription after the index date...
June 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644705/narrative-development-and-supported-employment-of-persons-with-severe-mental-illness
#2
Kelly Ann Cartwright, Tania Lecomte, Marc Corbière, Paul Lysaker
BACKGROUND: While the relationship between objective recovery and work among persons with severe mental illness (SMI) is well-established, few studies have examined the link between subjective recovery and employment. AIMS: The study investigated the prospective relationship between narrative development at the start of supported employment (SE) and positive work outcomes. METHODS: The authors employed a time-limited, mixed-method longitudinal design to examine the relationship between the baseline narrative development of 38 SE participants with SMI and employment outcomes eight months later, as well as whether narratives evolved over the course of the study...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642548/hemodynamics-of-speech-production-an-fnirs-investigation-of-children-who-stutter
#3
B Walsh, F Tian, J A Tourville, M A Yücel, T Kuczek, A J Bostian
Stuttering affects nearly 1% of the population worldwide and often has life-altering negative consequences, including poorer mental health and emotional well-being, and reduced educational and employment achievements. Over two decades of neuroimaging research reveals clear anatomical and physiological differences in the speech neural networks of adults who stutter. However, there have been few neurophysiological investigations of speech production in children who stutter. Using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), we examined hemodynamic responses over neural regions integral to fluent speech production including inferior frontal gyrus, premotor cortex, and superior temporal gyrus during a picture description task...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642285/state-dependent-tms-reveals-representation-of-affective-body-movements-in-the-anterior-intraparietal-cortex
#4
Noemi Mazzoni, Christianne Jacobs, Paola Venuti, Juha Silvanto, Luigi Cattaneo
In humans, recognition of others' actions involves a cortical network that comprises, among other cortical regions, the posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS), where biological motion is coded and the anterior intraparietal suclus (aIPS), where movement information is elaborated in terms of meaningful goal-directed actions. This action observation system (AOS) is thought to encode neutral voluntary actions, and possibly some aspects of affective motor repertoire, but the role of the AOS' areas in processing affective kinematic information has never been examined...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641994/emotions-in-communication-skills-training-experiences-from-general-practice-to-porsche-maintenance
#5
Tonje Lundeby, Henrik Børsting Jacobsen, Paul Andreas Lundeby, Jon Håvard Loge
The emphasis on skills in communication training of physicians has gained momentum over the last 30 years. Furthermore, a specific focus on skills to address emotions has been suggested and more recently supported by empirical studies. In this paper we use the Expanded Four Habits Model to illustrate how a structured consultation model supplemented with specific skills to address emotions is considered useful in medical and non-medical settings. The primacy of emotions in different types of professional encounters is discussed in relation to education and practice...
June 14, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641817/-preventing-violence-in-schizophrenia-with-cognitive-remediation
#6
C Darmedru, C Demily, N Franck
OBJECTIVES: The association between schizophrenia and violence represents an important issue in psychiatry. Often highly publicized, violent acts raise the question of their detection, prevention, management and treatment. There is no single, direct and exclusive link between aggressiveness and the underlying psychiatric disorder. On the contrary, the processes underlying this violence are multiple and interlinked. In addition to static and dynamic risk factors, cognitive deficits play an important role in the genesis and maintenance of violent and aggressive behavior...
June 19, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641583/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-infertility-in-turkey-evidence-from-demographic-and-health-surveys-1993-2013
#7
Melike Sarac, Ismet Koc
The inability to have children affects couples worldwide and causes emotional and psychological distress in both men and women. Turkey is a country that lays particular emphasis on the issue of infertility, especially after experiencing a dramatic fertility decline over the last two decades. This study aimed to understand the changes in the prevalence of infertility in Turkey using three different approaches: the DHS Approach, the Constructed Approach and the Current Duration Approach. Furthermore, the factors contributing to elevated risks of infertility as derived from the Constructed Approach were investigated using four different logistic regression models...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641062/the-difficulty-of-being-a-professional-a-parent-and-a-spouse-on-the-same-day-daily-spillover-of-workplace-interactions-on-parenting-and-the-role-of-spousal-support
#8
Kaisa Malinen, Anna Rönkä, Eija Sevón, Dominik Schoebi
Designing parenting interventions and preventions requires knowledge on the factors and processes that shape parenting behaviors. Using data collected over 10 days, during the last hour of work and before going to bed, this study examined the spillover of interpersonal work stresses into positive and negative parenting behaviors. Data were collected among 103 couples who had at least one child between the age of one and eight years. Of particular interest was the role of received emotional spousal support as a moderator of stress spillover...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639920/burnout-prevalence-and-associated-factors-among-radiology-residents-in-new-england-with-comparison-against-united-states-resident-physicians-in-other-specialties
#9
Jeffrey P Guenette, Stacy E Smith
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to establish burnout prevalence, associated demographic and program-related factors, and degree of burnout in New England radiology residents relative to residents in other specialties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 31-item survey, including nine demographic and program-related questions and the 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory-Health Services Survey, was sent to all resident members of the New England Roentgen Ray Society (20 programs, 472 residents)...
July 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639792/emodiversity-and-biomarkers-of-inflammation
#10
Anthony D Ong, Lizbeth Benson, Alex J Zautra, Nilam Ram
There is growing evidence that inflammatory responses may help to explain how emotions get "under the skin" to influence disease susceptibility. Moving beyond examination of individuals' average level of emotion, this study examined how the breadth and relative abundance of emotions that individuals experience-emodiversity-is related to systemic inflammation. Using diary data from 175 adults aged 40 to 65 who provided end-of-day reports of their positive and negative emotions over 30 days, we found that greater diversity in day-to-day positive emotions was associated with lower circulating levels of inflammation (indicated by IL-6, CRP, fibrinogen), independent of mean levels of positive and negative emotions, body mass index, anti-inflammatory medications, medical conditions, personality, and demographics...
June 22, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639158/development-of-a-survivorship-needs-assessment-planning-tool-for-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors-and-their-caregivers-a-preliminary-study
#11
K R Sterba, J Zapka, N LaPelle, T K Garris, A Buchanan, M Scallion, T Day
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize primary end-of-treatment challenges in head and neck cancer (HNC) to drive the development of a survivorship needs assessment planning (SNAP) tool and evaluate its acceptability and feasibility. METHODS: Using qualitative methods (focus groups, interviews), we identified physical, emotional, and social post-treatment challenges from the perspectives of survivors (N = 17), caregivers (N = 14), and healthcare providers (N = 14) and pretested the SNAP tool...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637519/gender-associated-developmental-trajectories-of-sdq-dysregulation-profile-and-its-predictors-in-children
#12
B Kunze, B Wang, C Isensee, R Schlack, U Ravens-Sieberer, F Klasen, A Rothenberger, A Becker
BACKGROUND: Severe mood dysregulation is common in childhood and can be highly impairing. The Dysregulation Profile (DP) can be considered as a broader phenotype of emotional dysregulation, including affect, cognition and behaviour. Since mood dysregulation may persist, but differently in boys and girls, the gender associated course needs to be considered longitudinally to gain a better insight in order to support the children more adequately. This study is focusing on gender associated subgroup trajectories of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire-Dysregulation Profile (SDQ-DP) in middle childhood (9-13 years of age) and includes the potential impact of clinical and psychosocial characteristics...
June 22, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636234/association-of-recent-gay-related-stressful-events-and-emotional-distress-with-suicidal-behaviors-over-12%C3%A2-months-in-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#13
Liya Yu, Yanxia Li, Li Liu, Shuang Li, Jun Na, Xiaoxia An, Yan Zhou, Yuan Gu, Xuejuan Bi, Huijuan Mu, Rui Zhang, Wen Dong, Guowei Pan
INTRODUCTION: The study was designed to assess the association of gay-related stressful events (GRSEs) and emotional distress with suicidal behaviors over a 12-month period in Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: A total of 807 MSM were recruited using a respondent-driven sampling method from 4 cities in northeastern China. The GRSEs were measured using the Gay-related Stressful Life Events Scale, depression using the Self-rating Depression Scale, and anxiety using the Self-rating Anxiety Scale...
June 21, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635530/the-effect-of-voluntary-termination-of-pregnancy-on-female-sexual-and-emotional-well-being-in-different-age-groups
#14
Erika Limoncin, Angela D'Alfonso, Claudia Corallino, Vincenza Cofini, Giovanna Di Febbo, Giacomo Ciocca, Daniele Mollaioli, Felice Patacchiola, Emmanuele A Jannini, Gaspare Carta
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the impact of voluntary termination of pregnancy (VTOP) on the psycho-sexological well-being of females before/six months after the abortion. METHODS: A sample of 194 women was recruited from three obstetrics and gynaecological divisions. The women were evaluated for the variables "sexual functioning" with the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), "depression" with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), and "anxiety state" with the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) at time 0 (the beginning of the abortion procedure) and time 1 (six months after the abortion)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635432/psychological-resilience-in-people-experiencing-schizophrenia-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours
#15
Patricia Ann Gooding, Donna Littlewood, Rebecca Owen, Judith Johnson, Nick Tarrier
BACKGROUND: Negative stressors can aggravate the impact of schizophrenia. However, some people find ways of combating such stressors. There is a dearth of research examining factors which enable individuals with schizophrenia to show psychological resilience. AIMS: The goal of this study was to investigate resilience to negative stressors in people with disorders on the schizophrenia spectrum using a qualitative methodology. METHODS: Data were collected from 23 participants who had experienced schizophrenia and suicidal thoughts and behaviours...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634906/delivery-of-brief-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-medically-ill-patients-in-primary-care-a-pragmatic-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Jeffrey A Cully, Melinda A Stanley, Nancy J Petersen, Natalie E Hundt, Michael R Kauth, Aanand D Naik, Kristen Sorocco, Shubhada Sansgiry, Darrell Zeno, Mark E Kunik
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the practical effectiveness and implementation potential of brief psychotherapies that integrate mental and physical health. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an integrated brief cognitive behavioral therapy (bCBT), delivered by mental health providers in primary care, would improve depression, anxiety and quality of life for medically ill veterans. DESIGN: Pragmatic patient-randomized trial comparing bCBT to enhanced usual care (EUC)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634724/darma-software-for-dual-axis-rating-and-media-annotation
#17
Jeffrey M Girard, Aidan G C Wright
Continuous measurement systems provide a means of measuring dynamic behavioral and experiential processes as they play out over time. DARMA is a modernized continuous measurement system that synchronizes media playback and the continuous recording of two-dimensional measurements. These measurements can be observational or self-reported and are provided in real-time through the manipulation of a computer joystick. DARMA also provides tools for reviewing and comparing collected measurements and for customizing various settings...
June 20, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633172/burnout-and-depression-in-ms1-and-ms3-years-a-comparison-of-cohorts-at-one-medical-school
#18
Cinthia Elkins, Kyle P Plante, Lauren J Germain, Christopher P Morley
BACKGROUND: Losses of idealism, empathy, and professionalism over the course of medical education have been described previously in the literature. A 2012 national survey of medical students estimated 37%-44% with burnout, 58% screen positive for depression, and 9.4% with suicidal ideation in the past 12 months. Given changes in related traits, we sought to explore whether burnout and symptoms of depression change over time. The objectives of this study were to assess the differences in medical student burnout and symptoms of depression between first year (MS1) and third-year (MS3) medical students at one medical college...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632345/multiple-traumatic-experiences-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-offending-behaviour-in-female-prisoners
#19
Thanos Karatzias, Kevin Power, Caroline Woolston, Prathima Apurva, Amelie Begley, Carol Quinn, Sally Jowett, Ruth Howard, Allister Purdie
BACKGROUND: Although it is well established that prisoners commonly have histories of childhood trauma, little is known about mediators between exposure to trauma and criminal behaviour. HYPOTHESES: We hypothesised that the experience of trauma in adulthood, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and emotional dysregulation would mediate the relationship between childhood traumatic events and later criminal behaviour. METHODS: Eighty-nine female prisoners were interviewed using standardised scales, in a cross-sectional study design...
June 20, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632240/body-related-shame-and-guilt-predict-physical-activity-in-breast-cancer-survivors-over-time
#20
Andrée L Castonguay, Carsten Wrosch, Eva Pila, Catherine M Sabiston
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test body-related shame and guilt as predictors of breast cancer survivors' (BCS') moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) during six months and to examine motivational regulations as mediators of this association.
. DESIGN: Prospective study.
. SETTING: Survivors were recruited through advertisements and oncologist referrals from medical clinics and hospitals in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 149 female BCS...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
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