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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329860/modeling-intraindividual-dynamics-using-stochastic-differential-equations-age-differences-in-affect-regulation
#1
Julie Wood, Zita Oravecz, Nina Vogel, Lizbeth Benson, Sy-Miin Chow, Pamela Cole, David E Conroy, Aaron L Pincus, Nilam Ram
Objectives: Life-span theories of aging suggest improvements and decrements in individuals' ability to regulate affect. Dynamic process models, with intensive longitudinal data, provide new opportunities to articulate specific theories about individual differences in intraindividual dynamics. This paper illustrates a method for operationalizing affect dynamics using a multilevel stochastic differential equation (SDE) model, and examines how those dynamics differ with age and trait-level tendencies to deploy emotion regulation strategies (reappraisal and suppression)...
March 2, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329822/it-s-all-about-the-relationship-cognitively-intact-mother-daughter-care-dyads-in-hospice-at-home
#2
Diane N Solomon, Lissi Hansen, Judith G Baggs
Purpose of the Study: Adult daughters providing care to aging, ill mothers comprise the most prevalent caregiving dyad. Little is known, however, regarding relationship quality and its impact on care in these dyads, particularly in the context of cognitively intact patients at end of life in hospice. This interpretive descriptive work privileges voices of terminally ill mothers and care-partnering daughters in the home hospice context. Specific aims were to describe and interpret how mothers and daughters: (a) perceive relationship quality and (b) perceive how relationships have developed over time through health, chronic illness, and hospice...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326043/perceived-academic-control-and-academic-emotions-predict-undergraduate-university-student-success-examining-effects-on-dropout-intention-and-achievement
#3
Lisa Respondek, Tina Seufert, Robert Stupnisky, Ulrike E Nett
The present study addressed concerns over the high risk of university students' academic failure. It examined how perceived academic control and academic emotions predict undergraduate students' academic success, conceptualized as both low dropout intention and high achievement (indicated by GPA). A cross-sectional survey was administered to 883 undergraduate students across all disciplines of a German STEM orientated university. The study additionally compared freshman students (N = 597) vs. second-year students (N = 286)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325682/5-httlpr-moderates-the-association-between-attention-away-from-angry-faces-and-prospective-depression-among-youth
#4
Jessica L Jenness, Jami F Young, Benjamin L Hankin
Attention bias to emotion has been studied as a risk factor associated with depression. No study has examined whether attention bias within the context of measured genetic risk leads to increased risk for clinical depressive episodes over time. The current study investigated whether genetic risk, as indexed by the serotonin-transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR), moderated the relationship between attention bias to emotional faces and clinical depression onset prospectively across 18-months in a community sample of youth (n = 428; mean age = 11...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324915/alcohol-related-blackouts-negative-alcohol-related-consequences-and-motivations-for-drinking-reported-by-newly-matriculating-transgender-college-students
#5
Larry A Tupler, Daniel Zapp, William DeJong, Maryam Ali, Sarah O'Rourke, John Looney, H Scott Swartzwelder
BACKGROUND: Many transgender college students struggle with identity formation and other emotional, social, and developmental challenges associated with emerging adulthood. A potential maladaptive coping strategy employed by such students is heavy drinking. Prior literature has suggested greater consumption and negative alcohol-related consequences (ARCs) in transgender students compared with their cisgender peers, but little is known about their differing experiences with alcohol-related blackouts (ARBs)...
March 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322912/maternal-prenatal-cortisol-predicts-infant-negative-emotionality-in-a-sex-dependent-manner
#6
Elizabeth C Braithwaite, Andrew Pickles, Helen Sharp, Vivette Glover, Kieran J O'Donnell, Jonathan Hill
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal stress influences fetal developmental trajectories, which may implicate glucocorticoid mechanisms. There is also emerging evidence that effects of prenatal stress on offspring development are sex-dependent. However, little is known about the prospective relationship between maternal prenatal cortisol levels and infant behaviour, and whether it may be different in male and female infants. We sought to address this question using data from a prospective longitudinal cohort, stratified by risk...
March 16, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322911/cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-eating-disorders-versus-normalization-of-eating-behavior
#7
REVIEW
P Södersten, C Bergh, M Leon, U Brodin, M Zandian
We examine the science and evidence supporting cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for the treatment of bulimia nervosa and other eating disorders. Recent trials focusing on the abnormal cognitive and emotional aspects of bulimia have reported a remission rate of about 45%, and a relapse rate of about 30% within one year. However, an early CBT trial that emphasized the normalization of eating behavior had a better outcome than treatment that focused on cognitive intervention. In support of this finding, another treatment, that restores a normal eating behavior using mealtime feedback, has an estimated remission rate of about 75% and a relapse rate of about 10% over five years...
March 16, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322635/social-support-parenting-competence-and-parenting-satisfaction-among-adolescent-african-american-mothers
#8
Sara G Brown, Diane B Hudson, Christie Campbell-Grossman, Kevin A Kupzyk, Bernice C Yates, Kathleen M Hanna
This secondary analysis explored how social support changed during the first 6 months postpartum and examined the relationships among social support, parenting competence, and parenting role satisfaction. Single, low-income, adolescent, new mothers ( N = 34) completed measures of perceived parenting competence, parenting role satisfaction, and four types of received social support (emotional, informational, tangible, problematic) from the entire social network at 1 week, 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months postpartum...
December 1, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322458/reduced-positive-emotion-and-underarousal-are-uniquely-associated-with-subclinical-depression-symptoms-evidence-from-psychophysiology-self-report-and-symptom-clusters
#9
Stephen D Benning, Belel Ait Oumeziane
Multiple models of aberrant emotional processing in depression have been advanced. However, it is unclear which of these models best applies to emotional disturbances in subclinical depressive symptoms. The current study employed a battery of psychophysiological measures and emotional ratings in a picture-viewing paradigm to examine whether the underarousal, low positive emotion, heightened negative emotion, or emotion context insensitivity model of emotional dysfunction in subclinical depressive symptoms received greatest support...
March 21, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319785/the-long-and-complex-road-in-the-search-for-treatment-for-mental-disorders-an-analysis-of-the-process-in-five-groups-of-patients
#10
Gema Del Valle, Amparo Belloch, Carmen Carrió
Seeking treatment for mental-health problems is a complex process, with different underlying motives in each stage. However, the entire process and these motives have hardly been investigated. This study aims to analyze the different stages of the help-seeking process and their underlying motives in five groups of patients with different mental disorders. In all, 156 patients seeking treatment in outpatient mental health clinics were individually interviewed: 71 had Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), 21 had Agoraphobia (AGO), 18 had Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), 20 had Anorexia Nervosa (AN), and 22 had Cocaine Dependence (COC)...
March 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318431/the-pursuit-of-romantic-alternatives-online-social-media-friends-as-potential-romantic-alternatives
#11
Irum Saeed Abbasi, Nawal G Alghamdi
What causes some marriages to stand the test of time while others fail? Marital commitment is the key force underlying the stability, quality, and longevity of the romantic relationship. Commitment is strengthened in the presence of marital satisfaction, the absence of alternative attractions, and steady investments made in the relationship. Commitment is also a consequence of increasing dependence such that when partners are emotionally engaged with their virtual connections, their dependence on their significant other weakens resulting in low commitment...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317113/temperamental-markers-in-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Suzanne L Macari, Judah Koller, Daniel J Campbell, Katarzyna Chawarska
BACKGROUND: Although temperament has been recognized as an important contributor to childhood psychopathology, its role in emergent autism spectrum phenotypes is not well understood. This study examined whether toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) display temperamental vulnerabilities compared to toddlers with other developmental challenges, whether these characteristics are distinct from core autism symptoms, if they are stable over time, and if they contribute to social outcomes in preschool...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316909/utilization-of-social-media-and-web-forums-by-hiv-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-on-adherence-and-reported-anxiety-level
#13
Elisa Longinetti, Vinoth Manoharan, Hala Ayoub, Pamela J Surkan, Ziad El-Khatib
Due to the high stigma surrounding the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), people living with HIV (PLWH) often reach out peers over the Internet for emotional and social support. The purpose of this study was to assess the characteristics of PLWH who use HIV internet forums. A cross-sectional study was conducted using an online survey investigating demographic characteristics of PLWH, level of satisfaction of the HIV Internet forums, time living with HIV, forum users' anxiety levels, self-reported adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART), and reasons for missing pills (n = 222)...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315074/placement-and-delinquency-outcomes-among-system-involved-youth-referred-to-multisystemic-therapy-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#14
Sarah Vidal, Christine M Steeger, Colleen Caron, Leanne Lasher, Christian M Connell
Multisystemic therapy (MST) was developed to help youth with serious social, emotional, and behavioral problems. Research on the efficacy and effectiveness of MST has shown positive outcomes in different domains of development and functioning among various populations of youth. Nonetheless, even with a large body of literature investigating the treatment effects of MST, few studies have focused on the effectiveness of MST through large-scale dissemination efforts. Utilizing a large sample of youth involved in a statewide dissemination of MST (n = 740; 43% females; 14% Black; 29% Hispanic; 49% White; Mage = 14...
March 17, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314554/an-evaluation-of-the-absolute-and-relative-stability-of-alexithymia-over-11years-in-a-finnish-general-population
#15
A Hiirola, S Pirkola, M Karukivi, N Markkula, R M Bagby, M Joukamaa, A Jula, E Kronholm, S Saarijärvi, J K Salminen, J Suvisaari, G Taylor, A K Mattila
OBJECTIVE: We investigated if alexithymia, a personality construct with difficulties in emotional processing, is stable in the general population. METHODS: Altogether 3083 unselected subjects aged 30 and older in Finland completed the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) in the longitudinal Health 2000 and Health 2011 general population surveys (BRIF8901). The stability of alexithymia at the 11-year follow-up was assessed with t-tests, correlations, and separate linear regression models with base-line and follow-up age, gender, marital status, education, and 12-month depressive and anxiety disorders as confounders...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303734/how-badly-did-it-hit-self-assessed-emotional-shock-upon-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-and-psychological-well-being-a-follow-up-at-3-12-and-24-months-after-surgery
#16
Karin Stinesen Kollberg, Ulrica Wilderäng, Thordis Thorsteinsdottir, Jonas Hugosson, Peter Wiklund, Anders Bjartell, Stefan Carlsson, Johan Stranne, Eva Haglind, Gunnar Steineck
BACKGROUND: We were interested in examining if there was a link between self-assessed emotional shock by prostate cancer diagnosis and psychological well-being at 3, 12, and 24 months after surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Information was derived from patients participating in the LAPAroscopic Prostatectomy Robot Open (LAPPRO) trial, Sweden. We analyzed the association between self-assessed emotional shock upon diagnosis and psychological well-being by calculating odds ratios (ORs)...
March 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302189/temporal-dynamics-of-rituals-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#17
Robert W Bond, Stephen J Guastello, Andrea D Guastello
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by obsessions, defined as intrusive and persistent thoughts, and compulsions, defined as repetitive ritualistic behaviors that attempt to neutralize the anxiety associated with the obsessions. The present study investigated the patterns of symptoms as they occur over time in order to generate new insights about the triggers to symptoms. Fourteen adult participants who met the DSM-5 criteria for OCD completed 7-day logbooks of daily activities including the times when they engaged in compulsive rituals...
April 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299412/tdcs-application-over-the-stg-improves-the-ability-to-recognize-and-appreciate-elements-involved-in-humor-processing
#18
Mirella Manfredi, Alice Mado Proverbio, Ana Paula Gonçalves Donate, Sofia Macarini Gonçalves Vieira, William Edgar Comfort, Mariana De Araújo Andreoli, Paulo Sérgio Boggio
The superior temporal gyrus (STG) has been found to play a crucial role in the recognition of actions and facial expressions and may, therefore, be critical for the processing of humorous information. Here we investigated whether tDCS application to the STG would modulate the ability to recognize and appreciate the comic element in serious and comedic situations of misfortune. To this aim, the effects of different types of tDCS stimulation on the STG were analyzed during a task in which the participants were instructed to categorize various misfortunate situations as "comic" or "not comic"...
March 15, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298251/impact-of-psychological-health-on-peripheral-endothelial-function-and-the-hpa-axis-activity-in-healthy-adolescents
#19
Yun Chen, Walter Osika, Frida Dangardt, Peter Friberg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The development of adolescence psychological health over a 3-year period and its relationship to peripheral endothelial function and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis activity were examined in a cohort of healthy adolescents in a longitudinal study. METHODS: A total of 162 adolescents (94 females) participated in both baseline (mean age 14.5 ± 1 years) and three-year follow-up studies. Psychological health was evaluated by self-report using the Beck Youth Inventories of Emotional and Social Impairment and the psychosomatic problem scale...
March 9, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298187/icanadapt-early-protocol-randomised-controlled-trial-rct-of-clinician-supervised-transdiagnostic-internet-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-icbt-for-depression-and-or-anxiety-in-early-stage-cancer-survivors-vs-treatment-as-usual
#20
M J Murphy, J M Newby, P Butow, L Kirsten, K Allison, S Loughnan, M A Price, J Shaw, H Shepherd, J Smith, G Andrews
BACKGROUND: This RCT with two parallel arms will evaluate the efficacy of an internet-delivered transdiagnostic cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) intervention for the treatment of clinical depression and/or anxiety in early stage cancer survivors. METHODS/DESIGN: Early stage cancer survivors will be recruited via the research arm of a not-for-profit clinical research unit and randomised to an intervention (iCBT) group or a 'treatment as usual' (TAU) control group...
March 15, 2017: BMC Cancer
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