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emotional overeating

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748306/low-emotion-oriented-coping-and-informal-help-seeking-behaviour-as-major-predictive-factors-for-improvement-in-major-depression-at-5-year-follow-up-in-the-adult-community
#1
S Rodgers, C L Vandeleur, M-P F Strippoli, E Castelao, A Tesic, J Glaus, A M Lasserre, M Müller, W Rössler, V Ajdacic-Gross, M Preisig
PURPOSE: Given the broad range of biopsychosocial difficulties resulting from major depressive disorder (MDD), reliable evidence for predictors of improved mental health is essential, particularly from unbiased prospective community samples. Consequently, a broad spectrum of potential clinical and non-clinical predictors of improved mental health, defined as an absence of current major depressive episode (MDE) at follow-up, were examined over a 5-year period in an adult community sample...
July 26, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747648/resting-state-brain-connectivity-changes-in-obese-women-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Gaia Olivo, Wei Zhou, Magnus Sundbom, Christina Zhukovsky, Pleunie Hogenkamp, Lamia Nikontovic, Julia Stark, Lyle Wiemerslage, Elna-Marie Larsson, Christian Benedict, Helgi B Schiöth
Bariatric surgery is an effective method to rapidly induce weight loss in severely obese people, however its impact on brain functional connectivity after longer periods of follow-up is yet to be assessed. We investigated changes in connectivity in 16 severely obese women one month before, one month after and one year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB). 12 lean controls were also enrolled. Resting-state fMRI was acquired for all participants following an overnight fast and after a 260 kcal load...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747478/humans-recognize-emotional-arousal-in-vocalizations-across-all-classes-of-terrestrial-vertebrates-evidence-for-acoustic-universals
#3
Piera Filippi, Jenna V Congdon, John Hoang, Daniel L Bowling, Stephan A Reber, Andrius Pašukonis, Marisa Hoeschele, Sebastian Ocklenburg, Bart de Boer, Christopher B Sturdy, Albert Newen, Onur Güntürkün
Writing over a century ago, Darwin hypothesized that vocal expression of emotion dates back to our earliest terrestrial ancestors. If this hypothesis is true, we should expect to find cross-species acoustic universals in emotional vocalizations. Studies suggest that acoustic attributes of aroused vocalizations are shared across many mammalian species, and that humans can use these attributes to infer emotional content. But do these acoustic attributes extend to non-mammalian vertebrates? In this study, we asked human participants to judge the emotional content of vocalizations of nine vertebrate species representing three different biological classes-Amphibia, Reptilia (non-aves and aves) and Mammalia...
July 26, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740767/the-effect-of-the-timing-of-radiotherapy-on-clinical-and-patient-reported-outcomes-after-latissimus-dorsi-breast-reconstruction-a-10-year-study
#4
Lashan J Peiris, Nicola C Dawson, Siobhan A M Laws, Richard M Rainsbury
BACKGROUND: Breast reconstruction (BR) is considered to be adversely affected by radiotherapy (RT), particularly when an implant is used. The aim of this study was to compare clinical and patient-reported outcomes after expander-assisted latissimus dorsi breast reconstruction depending on the timing of RT. METHODS: Patients undergoing BR over a 10-year period (follow-up mean, 56 [14-134] months) were divided into 3 groups. Group 1, RT after mastectomy and BR, Group 2, RT before mastectomy and BR, and Group 3, RT after mastectomy but before BR...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738063/atypical-speech-versus-non-speech-detection-and-discrimination-in-4-to-6-yr-old-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-erp-study
#5
Alena Galilee, Chrysi Stefanidou, Joseph P McCleery
Previous event-related potential (ERP) research utilizing oddball stimulus paradigms suggests diminished processing of speech versus non-speech sounds in children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). However, brain mechanisms underlying these speech processing abnormalities, and to what extent they are related to poor language abilities in this population remain unknown. In the current study, we utilized a novel paired repetition paradigm in order to investigate ERP responses associated with the detection and discrimination of speech and non-speech sounds in 4- to 6-year old children with ASD, compared with gender and verbal age matched controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737108/beliefs-about-emotion-implications-for-avoidance-based-emotion-regulation-and-psychological-health
#6
Krista De Castella, Michael J Platow, Maya Tamir, James J Gross
People's beliefs about their ability to control their emotions predict a range of important psychological outcomes. It is not clear, however, whether these beliefs are playing a causal role, and if so, why this might be. In the current research, we tested whether avoidance-based emotion regulation explains the link between beliefs and psychological outcomes. In Study 1 (N = 112), a perceived lack of control over emotions predicted poorer psychological health outcomes (increased self-reported avoidance, lower well-being, and higher levels of clinical symptoms), and avoidance strategies indirectly explained these links between emotion beliefs and psychological health...
July 24, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736148/risk-and-protective-factors-in-the-lives-of-transgender-gender-nonconforming-adolescents
#7
Marla E Eisenberg, Amy L Gower, Barbara J McMorris, G Nicole Rider, Glynis Shea, Eli Coleman
PURPOSE: Research suggests that transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth may be at greatly increased risk of high-risk health behaviors compared with cisgender youth, but existing studies are limited by convenience samples and small numbers. This study uses a large school-based sample of adolescents to describe the prevalence of TGNC identity, associations with health risk behaviors and protective factors, and differences across birth-assigned sex. METHODS: This study analyzes existing surveillance data provided by 9th and 11th grade students in Minnesota in 2016 (N = 81,885)...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735695/variation-in-the-early-trajectories-of-autism-symptoms-is-related-to-the-development-of-language-cognition-and-behavior-problems
#8
Janne C Visser, Nanda N J Rommelse, Martijn Lappenschaar, Iris J Servatius-Oosterling, Corina U Greven, Jan K Buitelaar
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to model more homogeneous subgroups within autism spectrum disorder (ASD) based on early trajectories of core symptoms; and to further characterize these subgroups in terms of trajectories of language, cognition, co-occurring (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]-related) traits and clinical outcome diagnosis. METHOD: Children (N = 203) referred for possible ASD at ages 1 to 4 years were assessed at three time points at intervals ranging from 9 months to 3 years...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735593/virtual-reality-in-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-psychosis-a-systematic-review-of-its-utility-acceptability-and-effectiveness
#9
M Rus-Calafell, P Garety, E Sason, T J K Craig, L R Valmaggia
Over the last two decades, there has been a rapid increase of studies testing the efficacy and acceptability of virtual reality in the assessment and treatment of mental health problems. This systematic review was carried out to investigate the use of virtual reality in the assessment and the treatment of psychosis. Web of Science, PsychInfo, EMBASE, Scopus, ProQuest and PubMed databases were searched, resulting in the identification of 638 articles potentially eligible for inclusion; of these, 50 studies were included in the review...
July 24, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735031/taking-the-alternative-route-women-s-experience-of-intranasal-fentanyl-subcutaneous-fentanyl-or-intramuscular-pethidine-for-labour-analgesia
#10
Julie-Anne Fleet, Meril Jones, Ingrid Belan
OBJECTIVE: To compare women's experience of receiving either intranasal fentanyl, subcutaneous fentanyl or intramuscular pethidine for labour analgesia. DESIGN: A content analysis was undertaken as part of the third phase of a larger randomised controlled trial, using the per-protocol dataset to examine women's experiences of treatment received. Healthy women birthing at term, who received intranasal fentanyl (n=41), subcutaneous fentanyl (n=37) and/or intramuscular pethidine (n=38) for labour analgesia, were contacted at 6 weeks postpartum to complete a phone questionnaire...
July 8, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734940/role-of-orbitofrontal-sulcogyral-pattern-on-lifetime-cannabis-use-and-depressive-symptoms
#11
Yann Chye, Nadia Solowij, Eleni P Ganella, Chao Suo, Murat Yücel, Albert Batalla, Janna Cousijn, Anna E Goudriaan, Rocio Martin-Santos, Sarah Whittle, Cali F Bartholomeusz, Valentina Lorenzetti
Orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) sulcogyral patterns are stable morphological variations established early in life. They consist of three distinct pattern types, with Type III in particular being associated with poor regulatory control (e.g., high sensation seeking and negative emotionality, low constraint), which may confer risk for earlier onset of cannabis (CB) use and greater use in later life. The OFC sulcogyral pattern may therefore be a stable trait marker in understanding individual differences in substance-use vulnerability and associated affective disturbances in users...
July 19, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732289/effects-of-psychotherapies-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-on-sleep-disturbances-results-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Elizabeth Woodward, Ann Hackmann, Jennifer Wild, Nick Grey, David M Clark, Anke Ehlers
The effectiveness and mechanisms of psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in treating sleep problems is of interest. This study compared the effects of a trauma-focused and a non-trauma-focused psychotherapy on sleep, to investigate whether 1) sleep improves with psychotherapy for PTSD; 2) the degree of sleep improvement depends on whether the intervention is trauma or nontrauma-focused; 3) the memory-updating procedure in cognitive therapy for PTSD (CT-PTSD) is associated with sleep improvements; 4) initial sleep duration affects PTSD treatment outcome; and 5) which symptom changes are associated with sleep duration improvements...
July 8, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731873/health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adult-men-with-severe-hemophilia
#13
Mohammad Faranoush, Ehsan Shahverdi, Raheb Qorbani, Mostafa Moghaddam
: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessment should be part of the regular clinical assessment of persons with hemophilia. This study assessed quality of life of severe hemophilia patients (Type A) in Tehran comprehensive hemophilia care center. This cross-sectional study was done in 2016 and 84 men aged over 20 years with severe hemophilia (Type A) were assessed. All patients have been treated over 10 years at the comprehensive hemophilia care center, Iran. The HRQOL assessment includes the A36 Hemophilia-QOL questionnaire, sociodemographical and clinical characteristics...
July 20, 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730185/social-networks-as-predictors-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-african-americans
#14
Ernest Alema-Mensah, Selina A Smith, Mechelle Claridy, Victor Ede, Benjamin Ansa, Daniel S Blumenthal
BACKGROUND: Early detection can reduce colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality by 15%-33%, and screening is widely recommended for average-risk adults beginning at age 50 years. Colorectal cancer mortality rates are higher in African Americans than in whites, while screening rates are somewhat lower. Individual social networks can reduce emotional and/or logistical barriers to health-promoting but distasteful procedures such as CRC screening. The aim of this study was to examine social network interactions, and their impact on CRC screening among African Americans...
2017: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728787/prenatal-co-exposure-to-manganese-and-depression-and-24-months-neurodevelopment
#15
Teresa Verenice Muñoz Rocha, Marcela Tamayo Y Ortiz, Martín Romero, Ivan Pantic, Lourdes Schnaas, David Bellinger, Birgit Claus Henn, Rosalind Wright, Robert O Wright, Mara Téllez-Rojo
BACKGROUND: Normal prenatal neurodevelopment follows stages that are potentially influenced by both chemical and psychosocial environments. Exposure to elevated manganese during this critically vulnerable period has been found to be neurotoxic. Independently, maternal prenatal depression has been associated with subsequent neurodevelopmental decrements in children. The association between child neurodevelopment and prenatal co-exposure to manganese and maternal depression has not been sufficiently studied...
July 17, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728771/contribution-of-benson-s-relaxation-technique-and-brief-psycho-educational-intervention-on-quality-of-life-of-primary-caregivers-of-iranian-children-with-chronic-diseases
#16
Forough Mowla, Sedigheh Khanjari, Mehrnoush Inanlou
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases leave a significant effect on not only the afflicted children but also their parents. Chronic diseases in children may also influence their parents' or primary caregivers' quality of life (QoL). OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a Brief Psycho-educational Intervention (BPI) and Benson's Relaxation Technique (BRT) on the QoL of primary caregivers of children with chronic diseases. METHODS: The present quasi-experimental pre-test post-test design was conducted on 100 parents with children who had one chronic disease (50 in each of the control and intervention groups) and were admitted to two state-run pediatric hospitals in Tehran, Iran in 2014...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726350/what-is-distressing-about-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-the-contribution-of-goal-interference-and-goal-facilitation
#17
Filippo Varese, Warren Mansell, Sara J Tai
OBJECTIVES: Distressing and pleasant/positive voices (auditory verbal hallucinations) are common in both clinical and non-clinical voice-hearers. Identifying factors that contribute to emotional reactions to voices is essential for developing effective psychological interventions. Several theories propose that facilitation and interference with personal goals are important predictors of distress and well-being. This study examined whether voice-related distress is related to the degree to which voices interfere with personal goals, and whether pleasantness of voices is influenced by the extent to which they facilitate goals...
July 20, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726287/the-sound-and-the-fury-late-positive-potential-is-sensitive-to-sound-affect
#18
Darin R Brown, James F Cavanagh
Emotion is an emergent construct of multiple distinct neural processes. EEG is uniquely sensitive to real-time neural computations, and thus is a promising tool to study the construction of emotion. This series of studies aimed to probe the mechanistic contribution of the late positive potential (LPP) to multimodal emotion perception. Experiment 1 revealed that LPP amplitudes for visual images, sounds, and visual images paired with sounds were larger for negatively rated stimuli than for neutrally rated stimuli...
July 20, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723959/a-novel-surveillance-approach-for-disaster-mental-health
#19
Oliver Gruebner, Sarah R Lowe, Martin Sykora, Ketan Shankardass, S V Subramanian, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: Disasters have substantial consequences for population mental health. Social media data present an opportunity for mental health surveillance after disasters to help identify areas of mental health needs. We aimed to 1) identify specific basic emotions from Twitter for the greater New York City area during Hurricane Sandy, which made landfall on October 29, 2012, and to 2) detect and map spatial temporal clusters representing excess risk of these emotions. METHODS: We applied an advanced sentiment analysis on 344,957 Twitter tweets in the study area over eleven days, from October 22 to November 1, 2012, to extract basic emotions, a space-time scan statistic (SaTScan) and a geographic information system (QGIS) to detect and map excess risk of these emotions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721443/a-diffusion-spectrum-imaging-based-tractographic-study-into-the-anatomical-subdivision-and-cortical-connectivity-of-the-ventral-external-capsule-uncinate-and-inferior-fronto-occipital-fascicles
#20
Sandip S Panesar, Fang-Cheng Yeh, Christopher P Deibert, David Fernandes-Cabral, Vijayakrishna Rowthu, Pinar Celtikci, Emrah Celtikci, William D Hula, Sudhir Pathak, Juan C Fernández-Miranda
PURPOSE: The inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus (IFOF) and uncinate fasciculus (UF) are major fronto-capsular white matter pathways. IFOF connects frontal areas of the brain to parieto-occipital areas. UF connects ventral frontal areas to anterior temporal areas. Both fascicles are thought to subserve higher language and emotion roles. Controversy pertaining to their connectivity and subdivision persists in the literature, however. METHODS: High-definition fiber tractography (HDFT) is a non-tensor tractographic method using diffusion spectrum imaging data...
July 18, 2017: Neuroradiology
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