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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849502/eating-behaviors-prevalence-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-associations-with-body-mass-index-among-male-and-female-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans
#1
Jennifer D Slane, Michele D Levine, Sonya Borrero, Kristin M Mattocks, Amy D Ozier, Norman Silliker, Harini Bathulapalli, Cynthia Brandt, Sally G Haskell
OBJECTIVE: There is a dearth of research examining eating behaviors, such as binge eating, among male and female veterans. The present study evaluated the prevalence of self-reported eating problems as well as associations with body mass index and psychiatric disorders among male and female Iraq and Afghanistan veterans. METHODS: Participants were 298 male and 364 female veterans (M = 33.3 ± 10.6 years old) from the Women Veterans Cohort Study, a study of male and female veterans enrolled for Veterans Affairs care in New England or Indiana...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821369/exploring-the-mind-s-eye-contents-and-characteristics-of-mental-images-in-overweight-individuals-with-binge-eating-behaviour
#2
Rebecca Dugué, Silke Keller, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Gitta A Jacob
Mental images play a role in various mental disorders and are strongly associated with emotions. Negative emotions and their regulation are important in eating disorders. However, research on mental imagery in eating disorders is still scarce. We investigated mental images and their relation to distress and eating disorder psychopathology in individuals with binge eating behaviour. Content and characteristics of mental images and their relation to psychopathology of 21 individuals with binge eating behaviour, 19 mixed patient controls and 21 healthy controls have been assessed with a semi-structured interview...
October 21, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790790/influence-of-parental-expressed-emotions-on-children-s-emotional-eating-via-children-s-negative-urgency
#3
Simone Munsch, Daniela Dremmel, Susanne Kurz, Jiske De Albuquerque, Andrea H Meyer, Anja Hilbert
We investigated whether parental expressed emotion (criticism and emotional overinvolvement) is related to children's emotional eating and whether this relationship is mediated by children's negative urgency. One hundred children, aged 8 to 13 years, either healthy or have binge-eating disorder and/or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, completed the questionnaires, along with their parents. Parental criticism and, to a lesser extent, parental emotional overinvolvement were both positively related to children's emotional eating, and this relationship was mediated by children's negative urgency...
October 27, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773957/addiction-vulnerability-and-binge-eating-in-women-exploring-reward-sensitivity-affect-regulation-impulsivity-weight-shape-concerns
#4
Dawn M Eichen, Eunice Y Chen, Mark F Schmitz, Jean Arlt, Michael S McCloskey
Almost 40% of individuals with eating disorders have a comorbid addiction. The current study examined weight/shape concerns as a potential moderator of the relation between the hypothesized latent factor "addiction vulnerability" (i.e., impairments in reward sensitivity, affect regulation and impulsivity) and binge eating. Undergraduate women (n=272) with either high or low weight/shape concerns completed self-report measures examining reward sensitivity, emotion regulation, impulsivity and disordered (binge) eating...
October 2016: Personality and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757371/sunk-costs-psychological-symptomology-and-help-seeking
#5
David P Jarmolowicz, Warren K Bickel, Michael J Sofis, Laura E Hatz, E Terry Mueller
Individuals often allow prior investments of time, money or effort to influence their current behavior. A tendency to allow previous investments to impact further investment, referred to as the sunk-cost fallacy, may be related to adverse psychological health. Unfortunately, little is known about the relation between the sunk-cost fallacy and psychological symptoms or help seeking. The current study used a relatively novel approach (i.e., Amazon.com's Mechanical Turk crowdsourcing [AMT] service) to examine various aspects of psychological health in internet users (n = 1053) that did and did not commit the sunk-cost fallacy...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757092/dietary-restraint-partially-mediates-the-relationship-between-impulsivity-and-binge-eating-only-in-lean-individuals-the-importance-of-accounting-for-body-mass-in-studies-of-restraint
#6
Jaime A Coffino, Natalia C Orloff, Julia M Hormes
Binge eating is characteristic of eating and weight-related disorders such as binge eating disorder, bulimia nervosa, and obesity. In light of data suggest impulsivity is associated with overeating specifically in restrained eaters, this study sought to elucidate the exact nature of the associations between these variables, hypothesizing that the relationship between impulsivity and binge eating is mediated by restrained eating. We further hypothesized that the role of dietary restraint as a mediator would be moderated by body mass index (BMI)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753140/associations-of-adolescent-emotional-and-loss-of-control-eating-with-1-year-changes-in-disordered-eating-weight-and-adiposity
#7
Monika M K Stojek, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Lauren B Shomaker, Nichole R Kelly, Katherine A Thompson, Rim D Mehari, Shannon E Marwitz, Andrew P Demidowich, Ovidiu A Galescu, Sheila M Brady, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: Adolescent emotional-eating, referring to eating in response to negative affective states, is frequently reported by those with loss of control (LOC) eating. Although LOC eating has been shown to predict exacerbated disordered eating and excess weight/adiposity gain, the extent to which emotional-eating, either alone or in combination with LOC, predicts adverse outcomes has not been determined. Thus, we examined associations of baseline emotional-eating with changes in disordered eating, BMI, and adiposity over 1-year, and to what degree the presence or absence of baseline LOC moderated these associations...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631564/emotion-regulation-difficulties-in-binge-eating-disorder-with-and-without-the-overvaluation-of-weight-and-shape
#8
Carmel Harrison, Deborah Mitchison, Elizabeth Rieger, Bryan Rodgers, Jonathan Mond
The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between overvaluation of weight/shape ('overvaluation') and emotion regulation (ER) difficulties among women with binge eating disorder (BED) symptoms. Four groups of women were recruited from a community-based sample and compared on ER difficulties: individuals with probable BED with (n=102) and without (n=72) overvaluation, and non-binge eating obese (n=40) and healthy-weight (n=40) control participants. Data for patients with a formal diagnosis of BED receiving treatment from a previous study were included for numerical comparative purposes...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621631/characteristics-of-binge-eating-disorder-in-relation-to-diagnostic-criteria
#9
REVIEW
Denise E Wilfley, Leslie Citrome, Barry K Herman
The objective of this review was to examine the evidentiary basis for binge eating disorder (BED) with reference to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fifth Edition (DSM-5) diagnostic criteria for BED. A PubMed search restricted to titles and abstracts of English-language reviews, meta-analyses, clinical trials, randomized controlled trials, journal articles, and letters using human participants was conducted on August 7, 2015, using keywords that included "binge eating disorder," DSM-5, DSM-IV, guilt, shame, embarrassment, quantity, psychological, behavior, and "shape and weight concerns...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484590/eating-feeding-and-feeling-emotional-responsiveness-mediates-longitudinal-associations-between-maternal-binge-eating-feeding-practices-and-child-weight
#10
Jaclyn A Saltzman, Maria Pineros-Leano, Janet M Liechty, Kelly K Bost, Barbara H Fiese
BACKGROUND: Although it is known that maternal disordered eating is related to restrictive feeding practices, there is little research exploring mechanisms for this association or its effects on other feeding practices. The purpose of this study was to assess whether maternal emotion responses mediate the association between maternal binge eating (BE) and child feeding practices, in order to identify potential risk factors for feeding practices that influence child weight. METHODS: This longitudinal observational study included (n = 260) mothers and children from the STRONG Kids Panel Survey...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426991/family-functioning-in-adolescents-with-binge-eating-disorder
#11
Anne Tetzlaff, Ricarda Schmidt, Anne Brauhardt, Anja Hilbert
OBJECTIVE: While the importance of family factors on the development and maintenance of adolescent anorexia and bulimia nervosa has been well documented, virtually nothing is known about these impacts in binge-eating disorder (BED). Therefore, this study sought to examine family functioning (FF) in families of adolescents with BED. METHOD: A total of 40 adolescents meeting diagnostic criteria for full-syndrome or sub-threshold BED were compared to 40 matched adolescents without any eating disorder symptoms (CG)...
September 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426620/german-version-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-psychometric-evaluation-and-application-to-an-eating-disordered-population
#12
Zoé van Dyck, Beate M Herbert, Christian Happ, Gillian V Kleveman, Claus Vögele
Intuitive eating has been described to represent an adaptive eating behaviour that is characterised by eating in response to physiological hunger and satiety cues, rather than situational and emotional stimuli. The Intuitive Eating Scale-2 (IES-2) has been developed to measure such attitudes and behaviours on four subscales: unconditional permission to eat (UPE), eating for physical rather than emotional reasons (EPR), reliance on internal hunger and satiety cues (RHSC), and body-food choice congruence (B-FCC)...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400218/analyses-of-the-role-of-the-glucocorticoid-receptor-gene-polymorphism-rs41423247-as-a-potential-moderator-in-the-association-between-childhood-overweight-psychopathology-and-clinical-outcomes-in-eating-disorders-patients-a-6-years-follow-up-study
#13
Giovanni Castellini, Lorenzo Lelli, Andrea Tedde, Irene Piaceri, Silvia Bagnoli, Ersilia Lucenteforte, Sandro Sorbi, Alessio Maria Monteleone, James J Hudziak, Benedetta Nacmias, Valdo Ricca
Childhood overweight and the SNP rs41423247 of the glucocorticoid receptor gene (GR) were reported to represent predisposing factors for Eating Disorders (EDs). The distribution of the polymorphism was evaluated in 202 EDs patients, and in 116 healthy subjects. The Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV and self-reported questionnaires were administered at the admission to the clinic and at 3 time points (end of a cognitive behavioral therapy, 3 and 6 years follow up). G-allele was associated with childhood overweight, depressive disorder comorbidity, and diagnostic instability...
September 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374156/-binge-eating-disorder-links-with-personality-and-emotionality
#14
G Dorard, M Khorramian-Pour
OBJECTIVES: Our two objectives were: (1) to investigate the relationship between binge eating disorder, dimensions of personality (according to the Big Five model of Costa and McCrae) and those of emotionality in the "tripartite" model of emotions of Watson and Clark; (2) to evaluate the correspondence between the Binge Eating Scale (BES) and the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI-2) scores. METHOD: Four self-administered questionnaires were completed on a shared doc website: the EDI-2, the BES, the BFI-Fr (Big Five Inventory-French version) and the EPN-31 (Positive and Negative Emotionality Scale)...
June 30, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299699/development-and-preliminary-effectiveness-of-an-innovative-treatment-for-binge-eating-in-racially-diverse-adolescent-girls
#15
Suzanne E Mazzeo, Janet Lydecker, Megan Harney, Allison A Palmberg, Nichole R Kelly, Rachel W Gow, Melanie K Bean, Laura M Thornton, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Cynthia M Bulik, Yael Latzer, Marilyn Stern
INTRODUCTION: Binge and loss of control (LOC) eating are significant concerns among many adolescents and are associated with poor physical, social, and psychological functioning. Black girls appear to be particularly vulnerable to binge and LOC eating. Yet, empirically validated, culturally sensitive treatments for these disordered eating behaviors are not well established. This investigation examined satisfaction, feasibility, and preliminary outcomes of a binge eating intervention for ethnically diverse adolescent girls...
August 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296934/changes-in-problematic-and-disordered-eating-after-gastric-bypass-adjustable-gastric-banding-and-vertical-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-systematic-review-of-pre-post-studies
#16
REVIEW
M Opozda, A Chur-Hansen, G Wittert
Despite differences in their mechanisms and outcomes, little is known about whether postsurgical changes in eating behaviours also differ by bariatric procedure. Following a systematic search, 23 studies on changes in binge eating disorder (BED) and related behaviours, bulimia nervosa and related behaviours, night eating syndrome, grazing and emotional eating after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), adjustable gastric banding (AGB) and vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) were reviewed. Significant methodological problems and a dearth of literature regarding many behaviours and VSG were seen...
August 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27266664/predictors-of-binge-eating-in-male-and-female-youths-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#17
Sabrina J Schulte
OBJECTIVE: Binge eating is a health-risk behavior associated with obesity, eating disorders and many other diseases. However, binge eating research remains narrow especially in Arab countries where obesity is a primary health concern but studies on psychological factors of compulsive overeating are rare. The present study addressed this gap by examining prevalence rates and key predictors of binge eating among youths in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHOD: Binge eating was assessed together with stress levels, emotional eating, body-related shame and guilt, obsessive-compulsiveness and depression in 254 youths using standardized self-report measures...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230611/does-impulsivity-predict-outcome-in-treatment-for-binge-eating-disorder-a-multimodal-investigation
#18
Stephanie M Manasse, Hallie M Espel, Leah M Schumacher, Stephanie G Kerrigan, Fengqing Zhang, Evan M Forman, Adrienne S Juarascio
Multiple dimensions of impulsivity (e.g., affect-driven impulsivity, impulsive inhibition - both general and food-specific, and impulsive decision-making) are associated with binge eating pathology cross-sectionally, yet the literature on whether impulsivity predicts treatment outcome is limited. The present pilot study explored impulsivity-related predictors of 20-week outcome in a small open trial (n = 17) of a novel treatment for binge eating disorder. Overall, dimensions of impulsivity related to emotions (i...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27208594/binge-eating-childhood-emotional-abuse-the-mediating-role-of-anger
#19
Marjorie C Feinson, Tzipi Hornik-Lurie
Recent studies reveal that childhood emotional abuse (CEA) is the trauma most clearly associated with adult eating pathology. Yet, relatively little is understood about psychological mechanisms linking these distal experiences. Anger's mediational role in the relationship between CEA and adult binge eating (BE) is explored in a community-based sample of 498 adult women (mean age 44). Detailed telephone interviews assess BE (7 items), CEA (single item), and unresolved anger (single item) along with self-criticism (modified Rosenberg self-esteem scale), depression and anxiety symptoms (BSI sub-scales)...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199815/mothers-and-fathers-with-binge-eating-disorder-and-their-18-36-months-old-children-a-longitudinal-study-on-parent-infant-interactions-and-offspring-s-emotional-behavioral-profiles
#20
Silvia Cimino, Luca Cerniglia, Alessio Porreca, Alessandra Simonelli, Lucia Ronconi, Giulia Ballarotto
Maternal Binge Eating Disorder (BED) has been suggested to be associated with poor parent-infant interactions during feeding and with children's emotional and behavioral problems during infancy (Blissett and Haycraft, 2011). The role of fathers has received increasing consideration in recent years, yet the research has not focused on interactional patterns between fathers with BED and their children. The present study aimed to longitudinally investigate the influence of BED diagnosis, in one or both parents, on parent-infant feeding interactions and on children's emotional-behavioral functioning...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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