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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775230/alcohol-enhances-symptoms-and-propensity-for-infection-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-and-a-murine-model-of-dss-induced-colitis
#1
Abigail R Cannon, Paulius V Kuprys, Adrienne N Cobb, Xianzhong Ding, Anai N Kothari, Paul C Kuo, Joshua M Eberhardt, Adam M Hammer, Niya L Morris, Xiaoling Li, Mashkoor A Choudhry
Over 1.4 million Americans have been diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and ulcerative colitis (UC) makes up approximately half of those diagnoses. As a disease, UC cycles between periods of remission and flare, which is characterized by intense abdominal pain, increased weight loss, intestinal inflammation, rectal bleeding, and dehydration. Interestingly, a widespread recommendation to IBD patients for avoidance of a flare period is "Don't Drink Alcohol" as recent work correlated alcohol consumption with increased GI symptoms in patients with IBD...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767908/gender-differences-in-body-mass-index-body-weight-perception-weight-satisfaction-disordered-eating-and-weight-control-strategies-among-indian-medical-and-nursing-undergraduates
#2
Poreddi Vijayalakshmi, Rohini Thimmaiah, S Sai Nikhil Reddy, Kathyayani B V, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Suresh BadaMath
OBJECTIVES: To assess gender disparity in body weight perception, Body Mass Index (BMI), weight satisfaction and role of depression among undergraduate Medical and Nursing students. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in conveniently selected medical (n=241) and nursing (n=213) students of Bangalore, South India. Data was collected using self-administered SCOFF questionnaires. RESULTS: Our findings revealed that men had a significantly higher BMI than women (t=5...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765343/questionnaire-based-maladaptive-decision-coping-patterns-involved-in-binge-eating-among-1013-college-students
#3
Wan-Sen Yan, Ran-Ran Zhang, Yan Lan, Zhi-Ming Li, Yong-Hui Li
Binge Eating Disorder (BED), considered a public health problem because of its impact on psychiatric, physical, and social functioning, merits much attention given its elevation to an independent diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Similar with substance use disorders, some neuropsychological and personality constructs are potentially implicated in the onset and development of BED, in which poor decision-making has been suggested to facilitate overeating and BED...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761842/design-and-performance-evaluation-of-real-time-endovascular-interventional-surgical-robotic-system-with-high-accuracy
#4
Kundong Wang, Bing Chen, Qingsheng Lu, Hongbing Li, Manhua Liu, Yu Shen, Zhuoyan Xu
BACKGROUND: Endovascular interventional surgery (EIS) is performed under a high radiation environment at the sacrifice of surgeons' health. This paper introduces a novel endovascular interventional surgical robot that aims to reduce radiation to surgeons and physical stress imposed by lead aprons during fluoroscopic X-ray guided catheter intervention. METHODS: The unique mechanical structure allowed the surgeon to manipulate the axial and radial motion of the catheter and guide wire...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753931/heterogeneity-of-the-diverse-aerobic-sludge-granules-self-cultivated-in-a-membrane-bioreactor-with-enhanced-internal-circulation
#5
Luying Wu, Bing Tang, Liying Bin, Guangpeng Chen, Shaosong Huang, Ping Li, Fenglian Fu
The present work revealed the heterogeneity of the sludge granules formed in a membrane bioreactor with enhanced internal circulation, and also contributed to better understanding of their forming mechanisms. By continuously carrying out an experiment lasting for more than 3 months with the floc sludge from a local municipal wastewater treatment plant as inoculation sludge, diverse aerobic sludge granules were found to be successfully self-cultivated within the reactor. The results of scanning electron microscopy, fluorescence microscope and high-throughput sequencing measurement indicated that the obtained diverse granules exhibited quite obvious heterogeneity in their basic physico-chemical and microbial properties, and filamentous bacteria actually acted as a main skeleton to keep the self-cultivated sludge granules stable in both their structure and morphology...
May 4, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751819/mindfulness-as-a-complementary-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-primary-health-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Vera Salvo, Jean Kristeller, Jesus Montero Marin, Adriana Sanudo, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer Lourenço, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Vania D'Almeida, Héctor Morillo, Suely Godoy Agostinho Gimeno, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been applied in the United States and Europe to improve physical and psychological health; however, little is known about its feasibility and efficacy in a Brazilian population. Mindfulness may also be relevant in tackling obesity and eating disorders by decreasing binge eating episodes-partly responsible for weight regain for a large number of people-and increasing awareness of emotional and other triggers for overeating. The aim of the present study protocol is to evaluate and compare the feasibility and efficacy of two mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) addressing overweight and obesity in primary care patients: a general programme called Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion and a targeted mindful eating protocol called Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749514/proteomic-analysis-of-chick-retina-during-early-recovery-from-lens%C3%A2-induced-myopia
#7
Yun Yun Zhou, Rachel Ka Man Chun, Jian Chao Wang, Bing Zuo, King Kit Li, Thomas Chuen Lam, Quan Liu, Chi-Ho To
Myopia development has been extensively studied from different perspectives. Myopia recovery is also considered important for understanding the development of myopia. However, despite several previous studies, retinal proteomics during recovery from myopia is still relatively unknown. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the changes in protein profiles of chicken retinas during early recovery from lens‑induced myopia to evaluate the signals involved in the adjustment of this refractive disorder...
May 3, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749264/religiosity-crime-and-drug-use-among-juvenile-offenders-a-test-of-reciprocal-relationships-over-time
#8
Sung Joon Jang
This article examines whether an individual's religiosity has reciprocal relationships with crime and drug use among juvenile offenders. Structural equation modeling is applied to analyze 11-wave panel data from a study of juveniles adjudicated or found guilty of a serious offense in two states. Offenders' religiosity is measured both objectively (participation in religious activities) and subjectively (religious salience, experiences, and efficacy). While holding constant an offender's exposure time (the proportion of time on the street), previous levels of crime and drug use, and sociodemographic controls, this study found the relationship between religiosity and crime (i...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746881/binge-eating-and-other-eating-related-problems-in-adolescents-undergoing-gastric-bypass-results-from-a-swedish-nationwide-study-amos
#9
Kajsa Järvholm, Torsten Olbers, Markku Peltonen, Claude Marcus, Jovanna Dahlgren, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Pia Henfridsson, Eva Gronowitz, Jan Karlsson
Bariatric surgery is established as a treatment option for adolescents with severe obesity. Little is known about binge eating (BE) and other eating-related problems in adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery. BE, emotional eating, uncontrolled eating, and cognitive restraint were assessed at baseline, and one and two years after gastric bypass using questionnaires in 82 adolescents (mean age 16.9 years, 67% girls). BE was assessed with the Binge Eating Scale (BES) and other eating-related problems with the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire...
May 7, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745152/-effects-of-controlled-release-blend-bulk-urea-on-soil-nitrogen-and-soil-enzyme-activity-in-wheat-and-rice-fields
#10
Jing Sheng Zhang, Chang Quan Wang, Bing Li, Jing Yue Liang, Jie He, Hao Xiang, Bin Yin, Jing Luo
A field experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of controlled-release fertilizer (CRF) combined with urea (UR) on the soil fertility and environment in wheat-rice rotation system. Changes in four forms of nitrogen (total nitrogen, ammonium nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, and microbial biomass nitrogen) and in activities of three soil enzymes participating in nitrogen transformation (urease, protease, and nitrate reductase) were measured in seven fertilization treatments (no fertilization, routine fertilization, 10%CRF+90%UR, 20%CRF+80%UR, 40%CRF+60%UR, 80%CRF+20%UR, and 100%CRF)...
June 18, 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740960/stable-protein-gel-storage-in-acetonitrile-for-mass-spectrometric-analysis
#11
Yuxin Chen, Sen Wang, Jia Jia, Xinyu Tian, Hongpan Xu, Mingzhe Ning, Bing Bai
Long-term storage of protein samples for transportation is a challenge in the field of mass spectrometric analysis because the low temperature condition is not easy to be maintained. Here we introduce a simple method to preserve proteins at room temperature for at lease one month. In this method, the protein sample is run shortly into a polyacrylamide gel which is then excised after Coomassie staining. The protein gel band is then dehydrated by 100% acetonitrile for three times and kept in the 100% acetonitrile for storage at the room temperature...
May 8, 2018: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738427/dietary-zinc-intake-and-its-association-with-metabolic-syndrome-indicators-among-chinese-adults-an-analysis-of-the-china-nutritional-transition-cohort-survey-2015
#12
Yun Wang, Xiao-Fang Jia, Bing Zhang, Zhi-Hong Wang, Ji-Guo Zhang, Fei-Fei Huang, Chang Su, Yi-Fei Ouyang, Jian Zhao, Wen-Wen Du, Li Li, Hong-Ru Jiang, Ji Zhang, Hui-Jun Wang
The dietary zinc consumed in Chinese households has decreased over the past decade. However, the national dietary zinc intake in the last five years has seldom been investigated. Using data from 12,028 participants 18 to 64 years old (52.9% male) in the China Nutritional Transition Cohort Survey (CNTCS) 2015, we describe the intake of dietary zinc and the contributions of major foods and we examine the relationship between the level of dietary zinc intake and metabolic syndrome indicators, including blood pressure, fasting glucose, and triglycerides (TG), in Chinese adults...
May 8, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737942/starvation-symptoms-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Simona Calugi, Elisa Chignola, Marwan El Ghoch, Riccardo Dalle Grave
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the change in starvation symptoms over time and their role as potential predictors of change in eating disorder and general psychopathology in patients with anorexia nervosa treated by means of intensive enhanced cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT-E). METHOD: Ninety adult female patients with anorexia nervosa (63 restricting type and 27 binge-eating/purging type) were recruited. Body mass index (BMI), Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) interview, Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and Starvation Symptoms Inventory (SSI) scores were recorded at admission, at the end of treatment, and at 6-month follow-up...
May 8, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737073/-determinants-of-drinking-relapse-after-treatments-in-patients-with-alcohol-dependence-in-sichuan-province
#14
Zhe Gao, Zhuo Wang, Bing-Rong Cao, Ying He, Rong-Jing Xu, Jing Li
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors that influent drinking relapse after treatments in patients with alcohol dependence in Sichuan province. METHODS: Data were collected in 10 cities of Sichuan province from September 2014 to June 2015,involving 599 patients who received treatments for alcohol dependence. A questionnaire survey was administered on these patients one year after discharge through face to face interviews,collecting data in relation to their demographic characteristics,drinking over the past year,smoking,mood and level of stress...
March 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733603/asynchrony-of-base-pair-breaking-and-nucleotide-releasing-of-helicases-in-dna-unwinding
#15
Jian-Bing Ma, Qi Jia, Chun-Hua Xu, Jing-Hua Li, Xing-Yuan Huang, Dong-Fei Ma, Ming Li, Xu-Guang Xi, Ying Lu
Helicases harness the energy of nucleotide triphosphate hydrolysis to unwind double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) in discrete steps. In spite of intensive studies, the mechanism of stepping is still poorly understood. Here we applied single-molecule fluorescent resonant energy transfer (FRET) to characterize the stepping of two non-ring helicases, E. coli RecQ and Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pif1 (ScPif1). Our data showed that, when forked dsDNA with free overhangs are used as substrates, both E. coli RecQ and ScPif1 unwind the dsDNA in non-uniform steps that distribute over broad ranges...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732516/survival-analysis-of-patients-with-spinal-chordomas
#16
Hui-Hui Sun, Xin Hong, Bing Liu, Jia-Qu Cui, Zhao-Ming Zhou, Xin-Hui Xie, Xiao-Tao Wu
This study was aimed to analyze the survival of patients with spinal chordomas. Patients' data in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database were retrieved and analyzed statistically. There were 765 patients with spinal chordomas between 1974 and 2013. The overall survival did not improve significantly over decades for patients receiving surgery and radiotherapy (SR) (P = 0.221). There were significant differences in overall survival among subgroups of patients receiving surgery (S), radiotherapy (R), and neither S nor R (NSR) (P = 0...
May 7, 2018: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730012/evaluation-of-chemical-property-cytotoxicity-and-antioxidant-activity-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-of-polysaccharides-from-fuzhuan-brick-teas
#17
Guijie Chen, Mingjia Wang, Minhao Xie, Peng Wan, Dan Chen, Bing Hu, Hong Ye, Xiaoxiong Zeng, Zhonghua Liu
Fuzhuan brick tea (FBT) possesses various health-promoting functions. However, the available information regarding biological activity of polysaccharides from FBT (FBTPS) is still limited. In this work, the chemical property, cytotoxicity and antioxidant activity in vitro and in vivo of FBTPS were evaluated. It was found that FBTPSs were typical acidic heteropolysaccharides mainly composed of Man, Rha, GalA, Glc, Gal and Ara with little molar content of Rib and GlcA. FBTPS showed little toxicity to human hepatic epithelial (L-02) cell...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726027/determination-of-armepavine-in-mice-blood-by-uplc-ms-ms-and-its-application-to-pharmacokinetic-study
#18
Peiwu Geng, Jun Luo, Ziwei Weng, Zhenhua Fan, Bing Zhang, Jianshe Ma, Xianqin Wang, Meiling Zhang
The purpose of this study is to develop an ultra-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method to determine armepavine in mouse blood. Nuciferine was used as internal standard (IS). Chromatographic separation was performed on a UPLC BEH (2.1 mm×50 mm, 1.7 μm) column with a gradient elution of acetonitrile and 10 mmol/L ammonium acetate solution (containing 0.1% formic acid). The quantitative analysis was conducted in MRM model with m/z 314.1→106.9 for armepavine and m/z 296...
May 3, 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723007/a-recursive-bayesian-updating-model-of-haptic-stiffness-perception
#19
Bing Wu, Roberta L Klatzky
Stiffness of many materials follows Hooke's Law, but the mechanism underlying the haptic perception of stiffness is not as simple as it seems in the physical definition. The present experiments support a model by which stiffness perception is adaptively updated during dynamic interaction. Participants actively explored virtual springs and estimated their stiffness relative to a reference. The stimuli were simulations of linear springs or nonlinear springs created by modulating a linear counterpart with low-amplitude, half-cycle (Experiment 1) or full-cycle (Experiment 2) sinusoidal force...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722159/visible-light-driven-hydrogen-production-and-polymerization-using-triarylboron-functionalized-iridium-iii-complexes
#20
Zhentao Yu, Ling-Xia Yang, Wan-Fa Yang, Yong-Jun Yuan, Yi-Bing Su, Miao-Miao Zhou, Xiao-Le Liu, Guang-Hui Chen, Xin Chen, Zhi-Gang Zou
The development of novel iridium(III) complexes has continued as an important area of research due to their highly tunable photophysical properties and versatile applications. In this report, three heteroleptic dimesitylboron-containing iridium(III) complexes, [Ir(p-B-ppy)2(N^N)]+ (1-3; p-B-ppy = 2-(4-dimesitylboryl-phenyl)-pyridine); N^N = dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine (dppz) for 1, dipyrido[3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline (dpq) for 2 and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) for 3) were prepared and fully characterized electrochemically, photophysically, and computationally...
May 2, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
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