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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331279/dynamics-of-spatiotemporal-distribution-of-schistosomiasis-in-hubei-province-china
#1
Yan-Yan Chen, Jian-Bing Liu, Yong Jiang, Guo Li, Xiao-Wei Shan, Juan Zhang, Shun-Xiang Cai, Xi-Bao Huang
Schistosomiasis caused by parasitic flatworms of blood flukes, remains a major public health concern in China. The significant progress in controlling schistosomiasis in China over the past decades has resulted in the remarkable reduction in the prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma japonicum infection to an extremely low level. Therefore, the elimination of schistosomiasis has been promoted by the Chinese national government. Hubei Province is the major endemic area, that is, along the middle and low reaches of the Yangtze River in the lake and marshland regions of southern China...
January 10, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324652/food-addiction-and-binge-eating-lessons-learned-from-animal-models
#2
REVIEW
Marta G Novelle, Carlos Diéguez
The feeding process is required for basic life, influenced by environment cues and tightly regulated according to demands of the internal milieu by regulatory brain circuits. Although eating behaviour cannot be considered "addictive" under normal circumstances, people can become "addicted" to this behaviour, similarly to how some people are addicted to drugs. The symptoms, cravings and causes of "eating addiction" are remarkably similar to those experienced by drug addicts, and both drug-seeking behaviour as eating addiction share the same neural pathways...
January 11, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323513/the-five-factor-borderline-inventory-behavioral-outcomes-across-time
#3
Ashley C Helle, Hilary L DeShong, Amanda N Baraldi, Stephanie N Mullins-Sweatt
The Five-Factor Borderline Inventory Short Form (FFBI-SF) is a 48-item dimensional measure of borderline personality disorder (BPD) that was developed from the Five-factor model (FFM). Previous research has examined the relationships of the FFBI-SF to the FFM and BPD. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship of FFBI-SF scales with behavioral outcomes, such as self-injury, physical fights, panic symptoms, promiscuous sex, theft, attempted suicide, reckless driving, and binge eating...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316341/benefits-and-sustainability-of-a-learning-collaborative-for-implementation-of-treat-to-target-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-of-the-traction-trial-phase-ii
#4
Daniel H Solomon, Bing Lu, Zhi Yu, Cassandra Corrigan, Leslie R Harrold, Josef S Smolen, Liana Fraenkel, Jeffrey N Katz, Elena Losina
BACKGROUND: We conducted a two-phase randomized controlled trial of a Learning Collaborative (LC) to facilitate implementation of treat to target (TTT) to manage rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We found substantial improvement in implementation of TTT in Phase I. Herein, we report on a second 9 months (Phase II) where we examined maintenance of response in Phase I and predictors of greater improvement in TTT adherence. METHODS: We recruited 11 rheumatology sites and randomized them to either receive the LC during Phase I or to a wait-list control group that received the LC intervention during Phase II...
January 5, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315950/hierarchically-porous-multilayered-carbon-barriers-for-high-performance-li-s-batteries
#5
Zhi Chang, Bing Ding, Hui Dou, Jie Wang, Guiyin Xu, Xiaogang Zhang
As one of the most promising energy storage devices, the practical application of lithium-sulfur batteries is limited by the low electrical conductivity of sulfur and the notable "shuttle effects" of sulfur-based electrodes. In this work, we describe a hierarchically porous N-doped ZIF-8-derived carbon nanosphere (N-ZDC) with an outer shell and an inner honeycomb-like interconnected nanosheets network as sulfur host material for high-performance and long-term lithium-sulfur batteries. The N-ZDC serves as multilayered barriers against the dissolution of lithium polysulfides...
January 9, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315116/minimally-invasive-spine-surgery-analyzing-internet-based-education-material
#6
Jessica Bryant, Rohith Mohan, Brian Koottappillil, Kevin Wong, Paul H Yi
STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the content of information available on the Internet regarding minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patients look to the Internet for quick and accessible information on orthopedic procedures to help guide their personal decision making process regarding the care they receive. However, the quality of internet-based orthopedic education material varies significantly with respect to accuracy and readability...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314715/outcomes-of-endoscopic-and-microscopic-transsphenoidal-surgery-on-non-functioning-pituitary-adenomas-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Shi-Yuan Yu, Qiu Du, Si-Yuan Yao, Ke-Nan Zhang, Jian Wang, Zhe Zhu, Xiao-Bing Jiang
Both microscopic and endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery are effective approaches for nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas. The issue on the comparison of their efficacy and safety remains inconsistent. A thorough search of the literatures (PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE) were performed up to March 2017. Studies reporting outcomes of microscopic or endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery on nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas were included. A meta-analysis was performed focusing on the early stage and long term outcomes. The final search yielded 19 eligible studies enrolling 3847 patients, 389 of them underwent microscopic approach and 3458 of them with endoscopic approach...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300887/construction-of-the-third-generation-zea-mays-haplotype-map
#8
Robert Bukowski, Xiaosen Guo, Yanli Lu, Cheng Zou, Bing He, Zhengqin Rong, Bo Wang, Dawen Xu, Bicheng Yang, Chuanxiao Xie, Longjiang Fan, Shibin Gao, Xun Xu, Gengyun Zhang, Yingrui Li, Yinping Jiao, John F Doebley, Jeffrey Ross-Ibarra, Anne Lorant, Vince Buffalo, M Cinta Romay, Edward S Buckler, Doreen Ware, Jinsheng Lai, Qi Sun, Yunbi Xu
Background: Characterization of genetic variations in maize has been challenging, mainly due to deterioration of collinearity between individual genomes in the species. An international consortium of maize research groups combined resources to develop the maize haplotype version 3 (HapMap 3), built from whole genome sequencing data from 1,218 maize lines, covering pre-domestication and domesticated Zea mays varieties across the world. Results: A new computational pipeline was set up to process over 12 trillion bp of sequencing data and a set of population genetics filters were applied to identify over 83 million variant sites...
December 30, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287175/novel-biochar-impregnated-calcium-alginate-beads-with-improved-water-holding-and-nutrient-retention-properties
#9
Bing Wang, Bin Gao, Andrew R Zimmerman, Yulin Zheng, Honghong Lyu
Drought conditions and nutrients loss have serious impacts on soil quality as well as crop yields in agroecosystems. New techniques are needed to carry out effective soil water and nutrient conservation and fertilizer application tools. Here, calcium alginate (CA) beads impregnated with ball-milled biochar (BMB) were investigated as a new type of water/nutrients retention agent. Both CA and Ca-alginate/ball milled biochar composite (CA-BMB) beads showed high kinetic swelling ratios in KNO3 solution and low kinetic swelling ratios in water, indicating that CA-BMB beads have the potential to retain mineral nitrogen and nutrients by ion exchange...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285745/reciprocal-longitudinal-relations-between-weight-shape-concern-and-comorbid-pathology-among-women-at-very-high-risk-for-eating-disorder-onset
#10
Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Dawn M Eichen, Andrea E Kass, Mickey Trockel, Ross D Crosby, C Barr Taylor, Denise E Wilfley
PURPOSE: Understanding how known eating disorder (ED) risk factors change in relating to one another over time may inform efficient intervention targets. We examined short-term (i.e., 1 month) reciprocal longitudinal relations between weight/shape concern and comorbid symptoms (i.e., depressed mood, anxiety) and behaviors (i.e., binge drinking) over the course of 24 months using cross-lagged panel models. METHODS: Participants were 185 women aged 18-25 years at very high risk for ED onset, randomized to an online ED preventive intervention or waitlist control...
December 28, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285109/acute-kidney-injury-in-cancer-patients-and-impedance-cardiography-assisted-renal-replacement-therapy-experience-from-the-onconephrology-unit-of-a-chinese-tertiary-hospital
#11
Tao Wang, Yan Zhang, Qingxia Li, Shumin Jia, Changjin Shi, Kai Niu, Bing Liu
Acute kidney injury (AKI) in cancer patients may disrupt anticarcinogenic treatment and greatly increase associated mortality rates. The present study reported on the management of cancer patients with AKI and, from the nephrologic viewpoint, on the significance of fine volume control during the continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). The records of 117 cancer patients with AKI treated over three years were reviewed and their data were compared with those of 120 healthy controls. AKI was defined according to the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes criteria with serum creatinine levels determined on initial admission and for the diagnosis of AKI...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282121/advances-in-the-genome-wide-association-study-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-susceptibility-in-asian-population
#12
REVIEW
Bing Qiu, Wei Jiang, Mojtaba Olyaee, Kenji Shimura, Akihiro Miyakawa, Huijing Hu, Yongcui Zhu, Lixin Tang
Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is the most common chronic liver disease resulting from viral infection and has become a serious threat to human health. Each year, about 1.2 million people in the world die from diseases caused by chronic infection of hepatitis B virus. The genetic polymorphism is significantly associated with the susceptibility to chronic hepatitis B. Genome-wide association study was recently developed and has become an important tool to detect susceptibility genes of CHB. To date, a number of CHB-associated susceptibility loci and regions have been identified by scientists over the world...
December 28, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280077/effects-of-combined-human-parathyroid-hormone-1-34-and-menaquinone-4-treatment-on-the-interface-of-hydroxyapatite-coated-titanium-implants-in-the-femur-of-osteoporotic-rats
#13
Hang Li, Qiang Zhou, Bing-Li Bai, She-Ji Weng, Zong-Yi Wu, Zhong-Jie Xie, Zhen-Hua Feng, Liang Cheng, Viraj Boodhun, Lei Yang
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of human parathyroid hormone (1-34) (PTH1-34; PTH) plus menaquinone-4 (vitamin K2; MK) on the osseous integration of hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated implants in osteoporotic rats. Ovariectomized female Sprague-Dawley rats were used for the study. Twelve weeks after bilateral ovariectomy, HA-coated titanium implants were inserted bilaterally in the femoral medullary canal of the remaining 40 ovariectomized rats. All animals were then randomly assigned to four groups: Control, MK, PTH and PTH + MK...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275778/examining-motivational-interviewing-plus-nutrition-psychoeducation-for-weight-loss-in-primary-care
#14
Rachel D Barnes, Valentina Ivezaj, Steve Martino, Brian P Pittman, Manuel Paris, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Our previous randomized controlled trial found that nutrition psychoeducation (NP), an attention-control condition, produced statistically significantly more weight loss than usual care (UC), whereas motivational interviewing (MI) did not. NP, MI, and UC resulted in medium-large, medium, and negligible effects on weight loss, respectively. To examine whether weight loss could be further improved by combining MI and NP, the current study evaluated the scalable combination (MINP) with accessible web-based materials...
January 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275255/weather-variables-and-the-el-ni%C3%A3-o-southern-oscillation-may-drive-the-epidemics-of-dengue-in-guangdong-province-china
#15
Jianpeng Xiao, Tao Liu, Hualiang Lin, Guanghu Zhu, Weilin Zeng, Xing Li, Bing Zhang, Tie Song, Aiping Deng, Meng Zhang, Haojie Zhong, Shao Lin, Shannon Rutherford, Xiaojing Meng, Yonghui Zhang, Wenjun Ma
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the periodicity of dengue and the relationship between weather variables, El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and dengue incidence in Guangdong Province, China. METHODS: Guangdong monthly dengue incidence and weather data and El Niño index information for 1988 to 2015 were collected. Wavelet analysis was used to investigate the periodicity of dengue, and the coherence and time-lag phases between dengue and weather variables and ENSO. The Generalized Additive Model (GAM) approach was further employed to explore the dose-response relationship of those variables on dengue...
December 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274478/a-compound-scaffold-with-uniform-longitudinally-oriented-guidance-cues-and-a-porous-sheath-promotes-peripheral-nerve-regeneration-in-vivo
#16
Liangliang Huang, Lei Zhu, Xiaowei Shi, Bing Xia, Zhongyang Liu, Shu Zhu, Yafeng Yang, Teng Ma, Pengzhen Cheng, Kai Luo, Jinghui Huang, Zhuojing Luo
Scaffolds with inner fillers that convey directional guidance cues represent promising candidates for nerve repair. However, incorrect positioning or non-uniform distribution of intraluminal fillers might result in regeneration failure. In addition, proper porosity (to enhance nutrient and oxygen exchange but prevent fibroblast infiltration) and mechanical properties (to ensure fixation and to protect regenerating axons from compression) of the outer sheath are also highly important for constructing advanced nerve scaffolds...
December 20, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259187/the-interhemispheric-ca1-circuit-governs-rapid-generalisation-but-not-fear-memory
#17
Heng Zhou, Gui-Jing Xiong, Liang Jing, Ning-Ning Song, De-Lin Pu, Xun Tang, Xiao-Bing He, Fu-Qiang Xu, Jing-Fei Huang, Ling-Jiang Li, Gal Richter-Levin, Rong-Rong Mao, Qi-Xin Zhou, Yu-Qiang Ding, Lin Xu
Encoding specificity theory predicts most effective recall by the original conditions at encoding, while generalization endows recall flexibly under circumstances which deviate from the originals. The CA1 regions have been implicated in memory and generalization but whether and which locally separated mechanisms are involved is not clear. We report here that fear memory is quickly formed, but generalization develops gradually over 24 h. Generalization but not fear memory is impaired by inhibiting ipsilateral (ips) or contralateral (con) CA1, and by optogenetic silencing of the ipsCA1 projections onto conCA1...
December 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259155/central-igf1-improves-glucose-tolerance-and-insulin-sensitivity-in-mice
#18
Hao Hong, Zhen-Zhong Cui, Lu Zhu, Shu-Ping Fu, Mario Rossi, Ying-Hong Cui, Bing-Mei Zhu
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) is a key factor for tissue growth and fuel metabolism. The potential function of central IGF1 remains unclear. We previously observed that IGF1 expression is increased in the hypothalamus of obese mice lacking STAT5 in the central nervous system (CNS). In this study, we explored the potential metabolic function of central IGF1 by intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of IGF1, over-expression of central IGF1 by administering an adeno-associated virus (AAV), and ICV injection of an anti-IGF1 antibody...
December 19, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258387/microfluidic-encapsulation-supports-stem-cell-viability-proliferation-and-neuronal-differentiation
#19
Lorena Hidalgo San Jose, Phil Stephens, Bing Song, David Barrow
Stem cell encapsulation technology demonstrates much promise for the replacement of damaged tissue in several diseases, including spinal cord injury (SCI). The use of biocompatible microcapsules permits the control of stem cell fate in situ to facilitate the replacement of damaged/lost tissue. In this work, a novel customized microfluidic device was developed for the reproducible encapsulation of Neural Stem Cells (NSCs) and Dental Pulp Stem Cells (DPSCs) within monodisperse, alginate-collagen microcapsules...
December 19, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258368/lisdexamfetamine-chemistry-pharmacodynamics-pharmacokinetics-and-clinical-efficacy-safety-and-tolerability-in-the-treatment-of-binge-eating-disorder
#20
Kristen Ward, Leslie Citrome
The indications for lisdexamfetamine (LDX), a central nervous system stimulant, were recently expanded to include treatment of moderate to severe binge eating disorder (BED). Areas covered: This review aims to describe the chemistry and pharmacology of LDX, as well as the clinical trials investigating the efficacy and safety of this medication for the management of BED. Expert opinion: LDX is the first medication with United States Food and Drug Administration approval for the treatment of BED. It is an inactive prodrug of d-amphetamine that extends the half-life of d-amphetamine to allow for once daily dosing...
January 4, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
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