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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212499/validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-dsm-5-yale-food-addiction-scale-in-a-nonclinical-sample
#1
Paul Brunault, Robert Courtois, Ashley N Gearhardt, Philippe Gaillard, Kevin Journiac, Sarah Cathelain, Christian Réveillère, Nicolas Ballon
OBJECTIVE: The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) is the only questionnaire that assesses food addiction (FA) based on substance dependence criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Following recent updating of addiction criteria, a new DSM-5 version (YFAS 2.0) has been developed. Our study tested the psychometric properties of the French YFAS 2.0 in a nonclinical population. METHOD: We assessed 330 nonclinical participants for FA (French YFAS 2...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211690/understanding-the-cubic-phase-stabilization-and-crystallization-kinetics-in-mixed-cations-and-halides-perovskite-single-crystals
#2
Li-Qiang Xie, Liang Chen, Zi-Ang Nan, Hai-Xin Lin, Tan Wang, Dongping Zhan, Jia-Wei Yan, Bing-Wei Mao, Zhong-Qun Tian
The spontaneous α-to-δ phase transition of the Formamidinium-based (FA) lead halide perovskite hinders its large scale application in solar cells. Though this phase transition can be inhibited by alloying with Methylammonium-based (MA) perovskite, the underlying mechanism is largely unexplored. In this communication, we grow high quality mixed cations and halides perovskite single crystals (FAPbI3)1-x(MAPbBr3)x to understand the principles for maintaining pure perovskite phase, which is essential to device optimization...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209054/confinement-of-ultrasmall-cu-znox-nanoparticles-in-metal-organic-frameworks-for-selective-methanol-synthesis-from-catalytic-hydrogenation-of-co2
#3
Bing An, Jingzheng Zhang, Kang Cheng, Pengfei Ji, Cheng Wang, Wenbin Lin
The interfaces of Cu/ZnO and Cu/ZrO2 play vital roles in the hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol by these composite catalysts. Surface structural reorganization and particle growth during catalysis deleteriously reduce these active interfaces, diminishing both catalytic activities and MeOH selectivities. Here we report the use of pre-assembled bpy and Zr6(μ3-O)4(μ3-OH)4 sites in UiO-bpy metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) to anchor ultrasmall Cu/ZnOx nanoparticles, thus preventing the agglomeration of Cu NPs and phase separation between Cu and ZnOx in MOF cavity-confined Cu/ZnOx nanoparticles...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208679/vanillin-protects-dopaminergic-neurons-against-inflammation-mediated-cell-death-by-inhibiting-erk1-2-p38-and-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#4
Xuan Yan, Dian-Feng Liu, Xiang-Yang Zhang, Dong Liu, Shi-Yao Xu, Guang-Xin Chen, Bing-Xu Huang, Wen-Zhi Ren, Wei Wang, Shou-Peng Fu, Ju-Xiong Liu
Neuroinflammation plays a very important role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). After activation, microglia produce pro-inflammatory mediators that damage surrounding neurons. Consequently, the inhibition of microglial activation might represent a new therapeutic approach of PD. Vanillin has been shown to protect dopaminergic neurons, but the mechanism is still unclear. Herein, we further study the underlying mechanisms in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced PD models. In vivo, we firstly established rat models of PD by unilateral injection of LPS into substantia nigra (SN), and then examined the role of vanillin in motor dysfunction, microglial activation and degeneration of dopaminergic neurons...
February 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208095/relation-between-modern-pollen-rain-vegetation-and-climate-in-northern-china-implications-for-quantitative-vegetation-reconstruction-in-a-steppe-environment
#5
Yawen Ge, Yuecong Li, M Jane Bunting, Bing Li, Zetao Li, Junting Wang
Vegetation reconstructions from palaeoecological records depend on adequate understanding of relationships between modern pollen, vegetation and climate. A key parameter for quantitative vegetation reconstructions is the Relative Pollen Productivity (RPP). Differences in both environmental and methodological factors are known to alter the RPP estimated significantly, making it difficult to determine whether the underlying pollen productivity does actually vary, and if so, why. In this paper, we present the results of a replication study for the Bashang steppe region, a typical steppe area in northern China, carried out in 2013 and 2014...
February 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199037/stability-and-change-in-patterns-of-eating-disorder-symptoms-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#6
Carolyn M Pearson, Jonathan Miller, Diann M Ackard, Katie A Loth, Melanie M Wall, Ann F Haynos, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Using a community adolescent sample, we aimed to (a) empirically derive eating disorder (ED) symptom groups, (b) examine the longitudinal stability of those groups over 10 years, and (c) identify risk factors associated with ED group stability and transition through young adulthood. Young people (N = 2,287) from the Project EAT cohort participated at baseline (1998-1999) and at 10-year follow-up (2008-2009). Participants completed anthropometric measures at baseline and self-report surveys on disordered eating symptoms and risk factors at both time points...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194027/advanced-rechargeable-aluminium-ion-battery-with-a-high-quality-natural-graphite-cathode
#7
Di-Yan Wang, Chuan-Yu Wei, Meng-Chang Lin, Chun-Jern Pan, Hung-Lung Chou, Hsin-An Chen, Ming Gong, Yingpeng Wu, Chunze Yuan, Michael Angell, Yu-Ju Hsieh, Yu-Hsun Chen, Cheng-Yen Wen, Chun-Wei Chen, Bing-Joe Hwang, Chia-Chun Chen, Hongjie Dai
Recently, interest in aluminium ion batteries with aluminium anodes, graphite cathodes and ionic liquid electrolytes has increased; however, much remains to be done to increase the cathode capacity and to understand details of the anion-graphite intercalation mechanism. Here, an aluminium ion battery cell made using pristine natural graphite flakes achieves a specific capacity of ∼110 mAh g(-1) with Coulombic efficiency ∼98%, at a current density of 99 mA g(-1) (0.9 C) with clear discharge voltage plateaus (2...
February 13, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193668/towards-selective-mycobacterial-clpp1p2-inhibitors-with-reduced-activity-against-the-human-proteasome
#8
Wilfried Moreira, Sridhar Santhanakrishnan, Grace J Y Ngan, Choon Bing Low, Kanda Sangthongpitag, Anders Poulsen, Brian W Dymock, Thomas Dick
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) is responsible for the greatest number of deaths worldwide due to a bacterial agent. We recently identified bortezomib (1) as a promising anti-TB compound. We showed that 1 inhibits the mycobacterial caseinolytic protease ClpP1P2 and exhibits bactericidal activity and established 1 and ClpP1P2 as an attractive lead/target couple. However, 1 is a human proteasome inhibitor currently approved for cancer therapy, and as such exhibits significant toxicity. Selective inhibition of the bacterial protease over the human proteasome is desirable in order to maintain antibacterial activity while reducing toxicity...
February 13, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188643/will-i-get-fat-22-year-weight-trajectories-of-individuals-with-eating-disorders
#9
Helen B Murray, Nassim Tabri, Jennifer J Thomas, David B Herzog, Debra L Franko, Kamryn T Eddy
OBJECTIVE: For some, fat phobia or fear of uncontrollable weight gain is diagnostic of eating disorders, often inhibiting treatment engagement and predicting symptom relapse. Prior research has reported weight changes at infrequent or long intervals, but rate, shape, and magnitude of long-term changes remain unknown. Our study examined 22-year longitudinal trajectories of body mass index (BMI) in women with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). METHOD: Participants were followed over 10 years (N = 225) and at 22-year follow-up (N = 175)...
February 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188219/distinct-effects-of-mir-210-reduction-on-neurogenesis-increased-neuronal-survival-of-inflammation-but-reduced-proliferation-associated-with-mitochondrial-enhancement
#10
Ludmila A Voloboueva, Xiaoyun Sun, Lijun Xu, Yi-Bing Ouyang, Rona G Giffard
Neurogenesis is essential to brain development, and plays a central role in the response to brain injury. Stroke and head trauma stimulate proliferation of endogenous neural stem cells (NSC). However, the survival of young neurons is sharply reduced by post-injury inflammation. Cellular mitochondria are critical to successful neurogenesis and are a major target of inflammatory injury. Mitochondrial protection was shown to improve survival of young neurons. This study tested whether reducing cellular microRNA-210 (miR-210) would enhance mitochondrial function and improve survival of young murine neurons under inflammatory conditions...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186962/microrna-375-inhibits-colorectal-cancer-cells-proliferation-by-downregulating-jak2-stat3-and-map3k8-erk-signaling-pathways
#11
Ran Wei, Qin Yang, Bing Han, Yan Li, Kun Yao, Xiuyu Yang, Zexi Chen, Shanshan Yang, Jiaqi Zhou, Meizhang Li, Haijing Yu, Min Yu, Qinghua Cui
MicroRNA-375 is involved in many types of alimentary system cancers. Our previous studies showed that microRNA-375 was significantly down-regulated in carcinoma tissues compared with para-carcinoma tissues, which strongly indicates that microRNA-375 might suppress the occurrence and development of colorectal cancer. However, the mechanism underlying the microRNA-375 regulation in colorectal cancer remains unclear. In this study, we first sorted out jak2, map3k8 and atg7 as microRNA-375 targeted genes from multiple databases, and found that jak2, map3k8 and their downstream genes stat3 and erk were up-regulated in carcinoma tissues...
February 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183046/distribution-isomerization-and-enantiomer-selectivity-of-hexabromocyclododecane-hbcd-diastereoisomers-in-different-tissue-and-subcellular-fractions-of-earthworms
#12
Bing Li, Hao Chen, Hongwen Sun, Zhonghui Lan
In this study, earthworms Eisenia fetida (E. fetida) were exposed to a soil artificially contaminated with individual hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) diastereoisomers (α-, β- and γ-HBCDs) to investigate the distribution, isomerization and enantiomer selectivity of HBCDs at tissue and subcellular levels. At the tissue level, the concentrations of HBCDs all followed the order of gut>bodyfluid>body wall, which suggested that earthworms accumulated HBCDs mainly via ingesting soil particles. At the subcellular level, the concentrations of HBCDs in an extracellular fraction consisting of granules, tissue fragment, cell membrane and intact cells (fraction A) were higher than those in an intracellular fractions consisting of the microsomal and cytosol (fraction B+C)...
February 6, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182424/bifunctional-imidazolium-based-ionic-liquid-decorated-uio-67-type-mof-for-selective-co2-adsorption-and-catalytic-property-for-co2-cycloaddition-with-epoxides
#13
Luo-Gang Ding, Bing-Jian Yao, Wei-Ling Jiang, Jiang-Tao Li, Qi-Juan Fu, Yan-An Li, Zhen-Hua Liu, Jian-Ping Ma, Yu-Bin Dong
A bifunctional robust and highly porous imidazolium-based ionic liquid decorated UiO-67 type MOF (UiO-67-IL, 1) was successfully constructed via solvothermal assembly of the imidazolium-based ligand and Zr(IV) ions. It exhibits a highly selective adsorption for CO2 over CH4 and N2. Furthermore, 1 herein can be used as a highly active heterogeneous catalyst for CO2 cycloaddition with epoxides under atmospheric pressure with or without cocatalyst TBAB (n-Bu4NBr).
February 9, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165655/are-loss-of-control-while-eating-and-overeating-valid-constructs-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Andrea B Goldschmidt
BACKGROUND: Binge eating is a marker of weight gain and obesity, and a hallmark feature of eating disorders. Yet its component constructs - overeating and loss of control (LOC) while eating - are poorly understood and difficult to measure. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to critically review the human literature concerning the validity of LOC and overeating across the age and weight spectrum. DATA SOURCES: English-language articles addressing the face, convergent, discriminant and predictive validity of LOC and overeating were included...
February 6, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163281/job-strain-and-binge-eating-among-brazilian-workers-participating-in-the-elsa-brasil-study-does-bmi-matter
#15
Ana Paula Bruno Pena Gralle, Arlinda Barbosa Moreno, Leidjaira Lopes Juvanhol, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca, Enirtes Caetano Prates Melo, Maria Angélica Antunes Nunes, Susanna Toivanen, Rosane Härter Griep
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between job strain and binge eating as well as the effect-modifying influence of body mass index (BMI) on this association. METHODS: A total of 11,951 active civil servants from the multicenter Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) was included in this cross-sectional analysis. Job strain was assessed using the Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire. Binge eating was defined as eating a large amount of food with a sense of lack of control over what and how much is eaten in less than 2 hours at least twice a week...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160779/mir-3156-3p-is-downregulated-in-hpv-positive-cervical-cancer-and-performs-as-a-tumor-suppressive-mirna
#16
Yu-Fang Xia, Gui-Hua Pei, Ning Wang, Yan-Ci Che, Feng-Sheng Yu, Fu-Fen Yin, Hai-Xia Liu, Bing Luo, Yan-Kui Wang
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer (CC) is the second most common cancer in females in developing countries. The two viral oncoproteins E6 and E7 mediate the oncogenic activities of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV), and HR-HPV, especially HPV16 or/and HPV18 (HPV16/18) play critical roles in CC through different pathways. microRNAs (miRNAs) may be associated with CC pathogenesis. Researches have indicated that human papillomavirus (HPV) may regulate cellular miRNA expression through viral E6 and E7...
February 4, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155729/mechanical-regulation-of-calcium-signaling-of-hl-60-on-p-selectin-under-flow
#17
Bing Huang, Yingchen Ling, Jiangguo Lin, Ying Fang, Jianhua Wu
BACKGROUND: Binding of P-selectin to P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) makes neutrophils roll on and adhere to inflammatory site. Intracellular calcium bursting of adhered neutrophils is a key event for subsequent arresting firmly at and migrating into the injured tissue. But, it remains unclear how the cytoplasmic calcium signaling of the cells were modulated by the fluid shear stress. Here, we focus on mechanical regulation of P-selectin-induced calcium signaling of neutrophil-like HL-60 cells under flow...
December 28, 2016: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155719/contralateral-artery-enlargement-predicts-carotid-plaque-progression-based-on-machine-learning-algorithm-models-in-apoe-mice
#18
Bing Li, Yun Jiao, Cong Fu, Bo Xie, Genshan Ma, Gaojun Teng, Yuyu Yao
BACKGROUND: This study specifically focused on anatomical MRI characterization of the low shear stress-induced atherosclerotic plaque in mice. We used machine learning algorithms to analyze multiple correlation factors of plaque to generate predictive models and to find the predictive factor for vulnerable plaque. METHODS: Branches of the left carotid artery in apoE(-/-) and C57BL/6J mice were ligated to produce the partial left carotid artery model. Before surgery, and 7, 14, and 28 days after surgery, in vivo serial MRI measurements of carotid artery diameter were obtained...
December 28, 2016: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152062/binge-drinking-during-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-is-associated-with-deficits-in-verbal-episodic-memory
#19
Carina Carbia, Fernando Cadaveira, Francisco Caamaño-Isorna, Socorro Rodríguez-Holguín, Montse Corral
Binge drinking (BD), a harmful pattern of alcohol consumption, is common during adolescence. Young adults with alcohol use disorders exhibit hippocampal alterations and episodic memory deficits. However, it is not known how these difficulties progress in community BD adolescents. Our objective was to analyze the relationship between BD trajectory and verbal episodic memory during the developmental period spanning from adolescence and to early adulthood. An initial sample of 155 male and female first-year university students with no other risk factors were followed over six years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149541/high-flow-nasal-cannula-in-extubated-patients-is-it-advantageous-over-conventional-oxygen-therapy
#20
EDITORIAL
Jian-Jun Zhang, Bing Dai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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