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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646311/removal-of-arsenic-iii-v-by-a-granular-mn-oxide-doped-al-oxide-adsorbent-surface-characterization-and-performance
#1
Kun Wu, Jin Zhang, Bing Chang, Ting Liu, Furong Zhang, Pengkang Jin, Wendong Wang, Xiaochang Wang
In order to remove arsenic (As) from contaminated water, granular Mn-oxide-doped Al oxide (GMAO) was fabricated using the compression method with the addition of organic binder. The analysis results of XRD, SEM, and BET indicated that GMAO was microporous with a large specific surface area of 54.26 m(2/)g, and it was formed through the aggregation of massive Al/Mn oxide nanoparticles with an amorphous pattern. EDX, mapping, FTIR, and XPS results showed the uniform distribution of Al/Mn elements and numerous hydroxyl groups on the adsorbent surface...
June 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645058/promoting-physical-activity-in-high-poverty-neighborhood-parks-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Deborah A Cohen, Bing Han, Kathryn P Derose, Stephanie Williamson, Terry Marsh, Laura Raaen, Thomas L McKenzie
Although physical activity can help mitigate or prevent multiple chronic diseases, most people in the U.S., especially high-poverty minority groups, engage in insufficient levels of physical activity. To test ways to promote more physical activity in high-poverty area public parks we conducted a randomized controlled intervention trial. After completing baseline measures of park-based physical activity using systematic direct observation three times/day each month for six months and assessing preferences for park programming among 1445 residents living within 1 mile of study parks, we randomized 48 parks in high poverty neighborhoods in the City of Los Angeles, California during 2013-2014 to four study arms: 1) free physical activity classes over a 6-month period, 2) a frequent user program where participants could win prizes based upon the number of visits they made to the park, 3) both the programs, and 4) neither one (control condition)...
June 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644530/long-term-outcome-of-anorexia-nervosa-results-from-a-large-clinical-longitudinal-study
#3
Manfred Maximilian Fichter, Norbert Quadflieg, Ross D Crosby, Sonja Koch
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of the long-term outcome of anorexia nervosa (AN) in a very large sample of inpatients (N = 1,693) and identification of predictors for poor outcome. METHOD: Over 25 years (mean 10 years), consecutively admitted inpatients of a specialized hospital were followed. A subsample of 112 patients with 20-year follow-up was defined. Bivariate comparisons and logistic regression analysis identified risk factors of poor outcome. RESULTS: Body mass index (BMI) increased during the follow-up period...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643317/-effect-of-metformin-on-colorectal-carcinoma-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-a-markov-model-analysis
#4
Tianhong Su, Bing Liao, Yu Dong, Zhenwei Peng, Qian Zhou, Bin Li, Sui Peng, Ning Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention effect of metformin in comparison with that of other T2DM medications from a Markov model perspective. METHODS: Literature concerning CRC morbidity of T2DM patients with metformin or other diabetes medications treatment was reviewed in PubMed and Cochrane Library database from September 2010 to December 2016. INCLUSION CRITERIA: (1)enrolled population was adult patients with T2DM but without CRC; (2) any of the parameters applied in our model was reported; (3) randomized clinical trials (RCTs), quasi-randomized trials, prospective or retrospective cohort studies...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642156/tgf%C3%AE-smad-microrna-486-3p-signaling-axis-mediates-keratin-17-expression-and-keratinocyte-hyperproliferation-in-psoriasis
#5
Man Jiang, Zhongbin Sun, Erle Dang, Bing Li, Hui Fang, Junqin Li, Lin Gao, Kaiming Zhang, Gang Wang
Keratin 17 (K17) is strongly expressed in psoriatic lesions but not healthy skin, and plays a crucial role in disease pathogenesis. The mechanism of aberrant K17 expression in psoriasis has not been fully elucidated. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, single-stranded, noncoding RNAs that play important roles in regulating gene expression. Psoriasis exhibits a specific miRNA expression profile distinct from that of healthy skin. In this study, we showed that miR-486-3p was markedly reduced in psoriatic epidermis and negatively correlated with the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640919/the-measles-epidemic-trend-over-the-past-30-years-in-a-central-district-in-shanghai-china
#6
Jie Gao, Bing Shen, JianJing Xiong, Yihan Lu, Qingwu Jiang
BACKGROUND: Measles vaccination over the past 50 years has greatly reduced the incidence of measles. However, measles among migrants and the resulting changes in epidemiological characteristics have brought new challenges to the elimination of measles. We aim to describe the measles epidemic trend over the past 30 years in a central district in Shanghai, China. METHODS: The present study was conducted in the Jing'an District, which is located in the center of Shanghai...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640085/familial-lumbar-scheuermann-disease-with-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-china-first-case-report
#7
Yuliang Dai, Yawei Li, Pengzhi Li, Lei Li, Zhiming Tu, Bing Wang
RATIONALE: Given that Scheuermann disease rarely occurs in the lumbar region and that the co-occurrence of Scheuermann disease and idiopathic scoliosis (IS) has not been reported-the etiology of Scheuermann disease and IS is not clear. In this case report, we present familaiar lumbar Scheuermann disease with IS, in a Chinese proband, who was successfully treated with surgery. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 16-year-old boy presented at the Second XiangYa Hospital of Central South University with a chief complaint of kyphotic deformity in the lower back for 4 years and obvious lower back pain...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636875/effects-of-prenatal-binge-like-ethanol-exposure-and-maternal-stress-on-postnatal-morphological-development-of-hippocampal-neurons-in-rats
#8
Ewa Jakubowska-Dogru, Birsen Elibol, Ilknur Dursun, Sinan Yürüker
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is one of the most commonly used drugs of abuse negatively affecting human health and it is known as a potent teratogen responsible for fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), which is characterized by cognitive deficits especially pronounced in juveniles but ameliorating in adults. Searching for the potential morphological correlates of these effects, in this study, we compared the course of developmental changes in the morphology of principal hippocampal neurons in fetal-alcohol (A group), intubated control (IC group), and intact control male rats (C group) over a protracted period of the first two postnatal months...
June 18, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636189/discovery-of-alkyl-bis-oxy-dibenzimidamide-derivatives-as-novel-protein-arginine-methyltransferase-1-prmt1-inhibitors
#9
Wei-Yao Zhang, Wen-Chao Lu, Hao Jiang, Zheng-Bing Lv, Yi-Qian Xie, Fu-Lin Lian, Zhong-Jie Liang, Yu-Xi Jiang, Da-Jin Wang, Cheng Luo, Jia Jin, Fei Ye
Protein arginine methylation, a post-translational modification critical for a variety of biological processes, is catalyzed by protein arginine N-methyltransferases (PRMTs). In particular, PRMT1 is responsible for over 85% of the arginine methylation in mammalian cells. Dysregulation of PRMT1 is involved in diverse pathological diseases including cancers. However, most current PRMT1inhibitors are lack of specificity, efficacy, and bioavailability. Herein, a series of alkyl bis(oxy)dibenzimidamide derivatives were identified as selective PRMT1 inhibitors...
June 21, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630565/efficacy-of-various-scoring-systems-for-predicting-the-28-day-survival-rate-among-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-requiring-emergency-intensive-care
#10
Zhihong Feng, Tao Wang, Ping Liu, Sipeng Chen, Han Xiao, Ning Xia, Zhiming Luo, Bing Wei, Xiuhong Nie
We aimed to investigate the efficacy of four severity-of-disease scoring systems in predicting the 28-day survival rate among patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) requiring emergency care. Clinical data of patients with AECOPD who required emergency care were recorded over 2 years. APACHE II, SAPS II, SOFA, and MEDS scores were calculated from severity-of-disease indicators recorded at admission and compared between patients who died within 28 days of admission (death group; 46 patients) and those who did not (survival group; 336 patients)...
2017: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628657/reported-family-burden-of-schizophrenia-patients-in-rural-china
#11
Yu Yu, Zi-Wei Liu, Bing-Wei Tang, Mei Zhao, Xi-Guang Liu, Shui-Yuan Xiao
We aim to assess the level of family burden of schizophrenia patients and identify its predicting factors in a rural community sample of China. A sample of 327 primary caregivers was recruited through a one-stage cluster sampling in Ningxiang County of Hunan province, China. Family burden was assessed using the Family Burden Interview Schedule (FBIS) of Pai and Kapur. Our results showed that the mean score of FBIS was 23.62±9.76 (range, 0-48), with over half (52%) caregivers reported their family burden being moderate and severe...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626829/socioeconomic-status-as-an-effect-modifier-of-alcohol-consumption-and-harm-analysis-of-linked-cohort-data
#12
Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Elise Whitley, Jim Lewsey, Linsay Gray, Alastair H Leyland
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related mortality and morbidity are high in socioeconomically disadvantaged populations compared with individuals from advantaged areas. It is unclear if this increased harm reflects differences in alcohol consumption between these socioeconomic groups, reverse causation (ie, downward social selection for high-risk drinkers), or a greater risk of harm in individuals of low socioeconomic status compared with those of higher status after similar consumption. We aimed to investigate whether the harmful effects of alcohol differ by socioeconomic status, accounting for alcohol consumption and other health-related factors...
June 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624586/modeling-the-development-of-drug-addiction-in-male-and-female-animals
#13
REVIEW
Wendy J Lynch
An increasing emphasis has been placed on the development and use of animal models of addiction that capture defining features of human drug addiction, including escalation/binge drug use, enhanced motivation for the drug, preference for the drug over other reward options, use despite negative consequences, and enhanced drug-seeking/relapse vulnerability. The need to examine behavior in both males and females has also become apparent given evidence demonstrating that the addiction process occurs differently in males and females...
June 14, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623765/is-there-a-relationship-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-problem-drinking-behaviors-findings-from-a-population-based-sample
#14
Lin Fang, Sandra McNeil
OBJECTIVES: The study investigated the relationships between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and heavy and binge drinking, stratified by gender. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data were retrieved from 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Over 39,000 individuals from five states were included in the study. Multiple logistic regression models were used to analyze the weighted data to determine factors associated with heavy and binge drinking for men and women...
June 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622099/energy-drinks-and-alcohol-related-risk-among-young-adults
#15
Celeste M Caviness, Bradley J Anderson, Michael D Stein
BACKGROUND: Energy drink consumption, with or without concurrent alcohol use, is common among young adults. This study sought to clarify risk for negative alcohol outcomes related to the timing of energy drink use. METHODS: We interviewed a community sample of 481 young adults, aged 18-25, who drank alcohol use in the last month. Past 30 day energy drink use was operationalized as no-use, use without concurrent alcohol, and concurrent use of energy drinks with alcohol ("within a couple of hours")...
June 16, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620131/exosomes-containing-differential-expression-of-microrna-and-mrna-in-osteosarcoma-that-can-predict-response-to-chemotherapy
#16
Ji-Feng Xu, Ya-Ping Wang, Shui-Jun Zhang, Yu Chen, Hai-Feng Gu, Xiao-Fan Dou, Bing Xia, Qing Bi, Shun-Wu Fan
A major challenge in osteosarcoma (OS) is the selection of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents for individual patients, while the administration of ineffective chemotherapy increases mortality and decreases quality of life in patients. This emphasizes the need to evaluate every patient's probability of responding to each chemotherapeutic agent. We developed a profiling strategy for serum exosomal microRNAs and mRNAs in OS patients with differential chemotherapeutic responses. Twelve miRNAs were up regulated and 18 miRNAs were under regulated significantly in OS patient with poor chemotherapeutic response when compared with those in good chemotherapeutic response (p<0...
June 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619937/satellite-based-entanglement-distribution-over-1200-kilometers
#17
Juan Yin, Yuan Cao, Yu-Huai Li, Sheng-Kai Liao, Liang Zhang, Ji-Gang Ren, Wen-Qi Cai, Wei-Yue Liu, Bo Li, Hui Dai, Guang-Bing Li, Qi-Ming Lu, Yun-Hong Gong, Yu Xu, Shuang-Lin Li, Feng-Zhi Li, Ya-Yun Yin, Zi-Qing Jiang, Ming Li, Jian-Jun Jia, Ge Ren, Dong He, Yi-Lin Zhou, Xiao-Xiang Zhang, Na Wang, Xiang Chang, Zhen-Cai Zhu, Nai-Le Liu, Yu-Ao Chen, Chao-Yang Lu, Rong Shu, Cheng-Zhi Peng, Jian-Yu Wang, Jian-Wei Pan
Long-distance entanglement distribution is essential for both foundational tests of quantum physics and scalable quantum networks. Owing to channel loss, however, the previously achieved distance was limited to ~100 kilometers. Here we demonstrate satellite-based distribution of entangled photon pairs to two locations separated by 1203 kilometers on Earth, through two satellite-to-ground downlinks with a summed length varying from 1600 to 2400 kilometers. We observed a survival of two-photon entanglement and a violation of Bell inequality by 2...
June 16, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615944/the-interactions-of-single-wall-carbon-nanohorns-with-polar-epithelium
#18
Yujie Shi, Zujin Shi, Suxin Li, Yuan Zhang, Bing He, Dong Peng, Jie Tian, Ming Zhao, Xueqing Wang, Qiang Zhang
Single-wall carbon nanohorns (SWCNHs), which have multitudes of horn interstices, an extensive surface area, and a spherical aggregate structure, offer many advantages over other carbon nanomaterials being used as a drug nanovector. The previous studies on the interaction between SWCNHs and cells have mostly emphasized on cellular uptake and intracellular trafficking, but seldom on epithelial cells. Polar epithelium as a typical biological barrier constitutes the prime obstacle for the transport of therapeutic agents to target site...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615144/obstructive-acute-renal-failure-by-severe-gastric-distension-after-binge
#19
Julie Dumouchel, Virginie Lvovschi, Luc-Marie Joly
Binge eating occurs in patients with eating disorders and can result in metabolic complications, leading to gastric rupture or necrosis. However, organ failure as acute renal failure is rarely observed. We report the case of an overeating episode resulting in massive gastric dilatation and acute renal failure with abdominal pressure and bilateral ureteral obstruction. The outcome was favorable with gastric aspiration and fasting.
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611698/improving-assessment-of-the-spectrum-of-reward-related-eating-the-red-13
#20
Ashley E Mason, Uku Vainik, Michael Acree, A Janet Tomiyama, Alain Dagher, Elissa S Epel, Frederick M Hecht
A diversity of scales capture facets of reward-related eating (RRE). These scales assess food cravings, uncontrolled eating, addictive behavior, restrained eating, binge eating, and other eating behaviors. However, these scales differ in terms of the severity of RRE they capture. We sought to incorporate the items from existing scales to broaden the 9-item Reward-based Eating Drive scale (RED-9; Epel et al., 2014), which assesses three dimensions of RRE (lack of satiety, preoccupation with food, and lack of control over eating), in order to more comprehensively assess the entire spectrum of RRE...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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