keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Overeating emotional eating

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344152/trait-based-food-cravings-are-encoded-by-regional-homogeneity-in-the-parahippocampal-gyrus
#1
Shuaiyu Chen, Debo Dong, Todd Jackson, Qian Zhuang, Hong Chen
Food cravings can reflect an intense trait-like emotional-motivational desire to eat palatable food, often resulting in the failure of weight loss efforts. Studies have linked trait-based food-cravings to increased risk of overeating. However, little is known about resting-state neural mechanisms that underlie food cravings. We investigated this issue using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to test the extent to which spontaneous neural activity occurs in regions implicated in emotional memory and reward motivation associated with food cravings...
March 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333551/effect-of-a-group-behavioural-management-program-on-emotional-regulation-of-food-choices-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Danuta Southgate, Michelle Greiver, Greg Hubka, Kori Kostka, Rahim Moineddin, Marjan Moienedin, James Pencharz, Heather Bogetta, Claudia Mazariegos, Jo-Anne Guindon, Andrea Petroff
PURPOSE: In Ontario, group programs to increase mindfulness of food choices are provided in Family Health Teams (FHTs), but evaluation is limited. We targeted patients with chronic conditions that could benefit from intensified management and evaluated an existing program. METHODS: We included 3 FHTs. Patients were randomized to immediate participation in the intervention (n = 16) or to wait-list control (n = 14). Eligible participants were between 40 and 70 years old, living with diabetes and/or hypertension and had at least 2 of: elevated cholesterol (LDL >4 if hypertension or LDL >2 mmol/L if diabetes), blood sugar (A1c >7...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333235/ovarian-hormones-and-obesity
#3
Brigitte Leeners, Nori Geary, Philippe N Tobler, Lori Asarian
BACKGROUND: Obesity is caused by an imbalance between energy intake, i.e. eating and energy expenditure (EE). Severe obesity is more prevalent in women than men worldwide, and obesity pathophysiology and the resultant obesity-related disease risks differ in women and men. The underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Pre-clinical and clinical research indicate that ovarian hormones may play a major role. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: We systematically reviewed the clinical and pre-clinical literature on the effects of ovarian hormones on the physiology of adipose tissue (AT) and the regulation of AT mass by energy intake and EE...
March 2, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322911/cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-eating-disorders-versus-normalization-of-eating-behavior
#4
REVIEW
P Södersten, C Bergh, M Leon, U Brodin, M Zandian
We examine the science and evidence supporting cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for the treatment of bulimia nervosa and other eating disorders. Recent trials focusing on the abnormal cognitive and emotional aspects of bulimia have reported a remission rate of about 45%, and a relapse rate of about 30% within one year. However, an early CBT trial that emphasized the normalization of eating behavior had a better outcome than treatment that focused on cognitive intervention. In support of this finding, another treatment, that restores a normal eating behavior using mealtime feedback, has an estimated remission rate of about 75% and a relapse rate of about 10% over five years...
March 16, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241982/association-of-the-dopamine-d2-receptor-rs1800497-polymorphism-and-eating-behavior-in-chilean-children
#5
Ana M Obregón, Macarena Valladares, Gary Goldfield
OBJECTIVES: Studies have established a strong genetic component in eating behavior. The TaqI A1 polymorphism (rs1800497) has previously been associated with obesity and eating behavior. Additionally, this polymorphism has been associated with diminished dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) density, higher body mass, and food reinforcement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the DRD2 rs1800497 polymorphism and eating behavior in Chilean children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in which we selected 258 children (44% girls, 56% boys; ages 8-14 y) with a wide variation in body mass index...
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215543/the-mediating-role-of-child-self-regulation-of-eating-in-the-relationship-between-parental-use-of-food-as-a-reward-and-child-emotional-overeating
#6
Elisabeth M Powell, Leslie A Frankel, Daphne C Hernandez
Emotional eating, or eating in response to negative emotions rather than internal hunger cues, has been related to many maladaptive eating patterns that contribute to weight gain and obesity. The parent feeding practice of use of food as a reward is positively associated with children emotionally overeating, yet, little is known as to the potential behavioral mechanism linking these behaviors. The current study examined the mediating role of child self-regulation of eating in the relationship between parental use of food as a reward and child emotional overeating...
February 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212499/validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-dsm-5-yale-food-addiction-scale-in-a-nonclinical-sample
#7
Paul Brunault, Robert Courtois, Ashley N Gearhardt, Philippe Gaillard, Kevin Journiac, Sarah Cathelain, Christian Réveillère, Nicolas Ballon
OBJECTIVE: The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) is the only questionnaire that assesses food addiction (FA) based on substance dependence criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Following recent updating of addiction criteria, a new DSM-5 version (YFAS 2.0) has been developed. Our study tested the psychometric properties of the French YFAS 2.0 in a nonclinical population. METHOD: We assessed 330 nonclinical participants for FA (French YFAS 2...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156504/how-can-palliative-care-specialists-best-integrate-into-multidisciplinary-oncology-care-for-patients-with-metastatic-breast-cancer
#8
Melissa F Miller, Joanne S Buzaglo, Arif Kamal
182 Background: Current evidence for palliative care/oncology integration derives from cancers with either very short prognoses or relatively limited treatment options (e.g. pancreas). Little is know about the role of palliative care in metastatic breast cancer, where prognosis may be measured in years and the treatment option portfolio is continuously expanding. METHODS: The Cancer Support Community Metastatic Breast Cancer Experience Registry is a voluntary, patient-reported, online registry of patient experiences with cancer...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152263/trajectories-of-weight-change-and-predictors-over-18-month-weight-loss-treatment
#9
Yaguang Zheng, Susan M Sereika, Cynthia A Danford, Christopher C Imes, Rachel Woodson Goode, Juliet Mancino, Lora E Burke
BACKGROUND: Obesity research has typically focused on weight change patterns using the whole sample in randomized clinical trials (RCTs), ignoring subsets of individuals with varying weight change trajectories (e.g., continuing to lose, or maintaining weight). The purpose was to explore possible trajectories of weight change and their associated predictors. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from two RCTs using standard behavioral treatment for weight loss...
March 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145730/the-voice-of-experience-diet-and-weight-change-in-women-with-breast-cancer-associate-with-psychosocial-and-treatment-related-challenges
#10
Vivienne Vance, Sharon Campbell, Linda Mccargar, Marina Mourtzakis, Rhona Hanning
PURPOSE: This study investigated relationships between psychosocial and treatment-related factors, diet, and weight change in women treated with chemotherapy for early-stage breast cancer. METHODS: Comprehensive qualitative interviews were conducted with 28 women who were within 12 months of completing chemotherapy treatment. RESULTS: Changes in food intake and eating patterns were universal over the course of chemotherapy, with broad variability in treatment effects and associated dietary responses linked to weight change...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131964/contextual-factors-associated-with-eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-among-adults-with-obesity
#11
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Carolyn M Pearson, Linsey M Utzinger, Carly R Pacanowski, Tyler B Mason, Laura A Berner, Scott G Engel, Stephen A Wonderlich, Carol B Peterson
Eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) is under-explored in adults with obesity. In this study, 50 adults with obesity recorded eating episodes and theoretically-relevant environmental, perceptual, and emotional correlates in the natural environment for 2weeks via ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Generalized linear models and mixed models were used to characterize correlates and consequences of EAH vs. non-EAH episodes/tendencies (within-subjects and between-subjects effects, respectively), time of day, and time of day×EAH interactions...
January 17, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089590/using-the-presurgical-psychological-evaluation-to-predict-5-year-weight-loss-outcomes-in-bariatric-surgery-patients
#12
Ryan J Marek, Yossef S Ben-Porath, Manfred H M van Dulmen, Kathleen Ashton, Leslie J Heinberg
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors contribute to poorer weight loss outcomes following bariatric surgery; however, findings on associations between preoperative psychiatric diagnoses, psychological testing, and weight loss are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: Examine associations between presurgical psychiatric diagnoses derived from a semi-structured clinical interview and test scores from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality-Inventory-2 - Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) and 5-year Body Mass Index (BMI) outcomes...
November 11, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012612/paying-the-price-for-body-evolution-the-role-of-evolution-in-disorders-of-body-representation
#13
Francesca G Magnani, Anna Sedda
Since its beginning, research about cognitive representation of our bodies has debated over multiple representations models. Furthermore, recent years have seen a rise in the study of body representation disorders and related impairments. However, why human beings manifest so many deficits is still a mystery. Considering human evolution, frontal brain regions are well known for their changes in dimensions and connections. Less known is that parietal and temporal lobes encountered similar changes. These areas, especially in the right hemisphere, are crucial for body representation...
January 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008323/emotional-eating-is-not-what-you-think-it-is-and-emotional-eating-scales-do-not-measure-what-you-think-they-measure
#14
REVIEW
Peggy Bongers, Anita Jansen
In eating research, it is common practice to group people into different eater types, such as emotional, external and restrained eaters. This categorization is generally based on scores on self-report questionnaires. However, recent studies have started to raise questions about the validity of such questionnaires. In the realm of emotional eating, a considerable number of studies, both in the lab and in naturalistic settings, fail to demonstrate increased food intake in emotional situations in self-described emotional eaters...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988864/the-potential-relevance-of-docosahexaenoic-acid-and-eicosapentaenoic-acid-to-the-etiopathogenesis-of-childhood-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Alessandra Tesei, Alessandro Crippa, Silvia Busti Ceccarelli, Maddalena Mauri, Massimo Molteni, Carlo Agostoni, Maria Nobile
Over the last 15 years, considerable interest has been given to the potential role of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) for understanding pathogenesis and treatment of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders. This review aims to systematically investigate the scientific evidence supporting the hypothesis on the omega-3 PUFAs deficit as a risk factor shared by different pediatric neuropsychiatric disorders. Medline PubMed database was searched for studies examining blood docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) status in children with neuropsychiatric disorders...
December 17, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943533/expressed-emotions-and-depressive-symptoms-in-caregivers-of-adolescents-with-first-onset-anorexia-nervosa-a-long-term-investigation-over-2-5%C3%A2-years
#16
Reinhild Schwarte, Nina Timmesfeld, Astrid Dempfle, Melanie Krei, Karin Egberts, Charlotte Jaite, Christian Fleischhaker, Christoph Wewetzer, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Jochen Seitz, Katharina Bühren
OBJECTIVE: High levels of expressed emotions (EE) and depressive symptoms (DS) are often found in caregivers of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). Both parameters are considered to influence AN symptoms of the patient. METHODS: One hundred seventy adolescent women with AN and their caregivers were assessed at admission, discharge, at 1-year and 2.5-year follow up to evaluate AN symptoms of the patient and EE and DS of caregivers. RESULTS: The EE and DS were elevated at admission and decreased during treatment, criticism (as part of EE) exhibited again at the 2...
January 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936110/women-s-perceived-reasons-for-their-excessive-postpartum-weight-retention-a-qualitative-interview-study
#17
Anne Christenson, Eva Johansson, Signy Reynisdottir, Jarl Torgerson, Erik Hemmingsson
INTRODUCTION: Obesity in Sweden has doubled to 14% over the last 20 years. New strategies for treatment and prevention are needed. Excessive gestational weight gain has been found to contribute substantially to obesity, and there is a consistent association between postpartum weight retention and obesity later in life. We aimed to explore what factors women perceive as reasons for having substantial postpartum weight retention, to identify areas for new and improved interventions. METHODS: Qualitative interview study (semi-structured) using an emergent design...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922596/pathological-overeating-emerging-evidence-for-a-compulsivity-construct
#18
REVIEW
Catherine F Moore, Valentina Sabino, George F Koob, Pietro Cottone
Compulsive eating behavior is a transdiagnostic construct that is characteristic of medical and psychiatric conditions such as forms of obesity and eating disorders. While feeding research is moving towards a better understanding of the proposed addictive properties of food, the components and the mechanisms contributing to compulsive eating are not yet clearly defined or understood. Current understanding highlights three elements of compulsive behavior as it applies to pathological overeating: 1) habitual overeating; 2) overeating to relieve a negative emotional state; and 3) overeating despite aversive consequences...
December 6, 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869569/change-in-expressed-emotion-and-treatment-outcome-in-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#19
Ashley A Moskovich, C Alix Timko, Lisa K Honeycutt, Nancy L Zucker, Rhonda M Merwin
Expressed emotion (EE) has been associated with poor outcomes in anorexia nervosa (AN); however, whether changes in EE predict superior treatment outcomes is unknown. The current study examined whether decreases in EE during an open trial of a novel family-based treatment for AN predicted symptoms at end of treatment. Forty-seven adolescents (12-18 years of age) with AN or sub-threshold AN and their parents (mothers: n = 47, fathers: n = 39) participated in 6 months of family treatment. Measures of AN symptomatology (Eating Disorder Examination completed by adolescent and end of treatment recovery status) and parental EE (Family Questionnaire completed by parents which measures two facets of EE: critical communication [CC] and emotional over-involvement [EOI]) were collected at baseline and end of treatment...
January 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793573/are-overeating-and-food-addiction-related-to-distress-tolerance-an-examination-of-residents-with-obesity-from-a-u-s-metropolitan-area
#20
Andrea T Kozak, Jessica Davis, Ryan Brown, Matthew Grabowski
OBJECTIVE: Low distress tolerance (DT) is an inability to handle negative emotions. There is strong support for the connection between low DT and substance addiction, which suggests that the former might be related to food addiction (FA). Previous work found that low DT was related to overeating in a college sample. The current study had two primary aims: (1) to determine whether low DT is associated with overeating in a sample of participants with diverse races and incomes, and (2) to investigate the relationships among DT and body mass index (BMI) as well as DT and FA symptoms...
October 25, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
keyword
keyword
86800
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"