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Overeating emotional eating

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605663/patients-with-bulimia-nervosa-do-not-show-typical-neurodevelopment-of-cognitive-control-under-emotional-influences
#1
Michael F W Dreyfuss, Melissa L Riegel, Gloria A Pedersen, Alexandra O Cohen, Melanie R Silverman, Jonathan P Dyke, Laurel E S Mayer, B Timothy Walsh, B J Casey, Allegra I Broft
Bulimia nervosa (BN) emerges in the late teen years and is characterized by binge eating and related compensatory behaviors. These behaviors often co-occur with periods of negative affect suggesting an association between emotions and control over eating behavior. In the current study, we examined how cognitive control and neural processes change under emotional states of arousal in 46 participants with (n=19) and without (n=27) BN from the ages of 18-33 years. Participants performed a go/nogo task consisting of brief negative, positive and neutral emotional cues and sustained negative, positive and neutral emotional states of arousal during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
May 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600115/examination-of-bariatric-surgery-facebook-support-groups-a-content-analysis
#2
Afton M Koball, Dylan J Jester, Sarah E Domoff, Kara J Kallies, Karen B Grothe, Shanu N Kothari
BACKGROUND: Support following bariatric surgery is vital to ensure long-term postoperative success. Many individuals undergoing bariatric surgery are turning to online modalities, especially the popular social media platform Facebook, to access support groups and pages. Despite evidence suggesting that the majority of patients considering bariatric surgery are utilizing online groups, little is known about the actual content of these groups. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to conduct a content analysis of bariatric surgery support groups and pages on Facebook...
April 26, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587941/family-food-talk-child-eating-behavior-and-maternal-feeding-practices
#3
Elizabeth Roach, Gail B Viechnicki, Lauren B Retzloff, Pamela Davis-Kean, Julie C Lumeng, Alison L Miller
Families discuss food and eating in many ways that may shape child eating habits. Researchers studying how families talk about food have examined this process during meals. Little work has examined parent-child food-related interactions outside of mealtime. We assessed family food talk at home outside of mealtime and tested whether food talk was associated with obesogenic child eating behaviors, maternal feeding practices, or child weight. Preschool and school-aged mother-child dyads (n = 61) participated in naturalistic voice recording using a LENA (Language ENvironment Analysis) recorder...
June 3, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581535/differential-criteria-for-binge-eating-disorder-and-food-addiction-in-the-context-of-causes-and-treatment-of-obesity
#4
REVIEW
Monika Bąk-Sosnowska
OBJECTIVES: To establish the differential criteria for Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Food Addiction (FA). METHODS: We performed a detailed analysis of comparative diagnostic criteria for BED and Substance use disorder contained in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-V. We applied the diagnostic criteria for both disorders to scientific publications on the issue of excessive eating in obese people, during the years 2005-2016, available on PubMed...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568706/examining-maternal-psychopathology-family-functioning-and-coping-skills-in-childhood-obesity-a-case-control-study
#5
Miriam Blanco, Ana R Sepulveda, Tatiana Lacruz, Melissa Parks, Beatriz Real, Yolanda Martin-Peinador, Francisco J Román
The shared family environment is an important risk factor in the development of childhood obesity. This study aims to examine differences in maternal psychopathology, family functioning, expressed emotion and coping skills between families of a child with obesity and those with a normal-weight child. This case-control study consisted of 50 mothers with a child (age 8-12 years) with obesity (p ≥ 97) and a control group of 50 mothers of a child with normal weight (p < 85), matched for age, sex and socio-economic status...
June 1, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560091/a-mixed-methods-study-of-multiple-health-behaviors-among-individuals-with-stroke
#6
Matthew Plow, Shirley M Moore, Martha Sajatovic, Irene Katzan
BACKGROUND: Individuals with stroke often have multiple cardiovascular risk factors that necessitate promoting engagement in multiple health behaviors. However, observational studies of individuals with stroke have typically focused on promoting a single health behavior. Thus, there is a poor understanding of linkages between healthy behaviors and the circumstances in which factors, such as stroke impairments, may influence a single or multiple health behaviors. METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods convergent parallel study of 25 individuals with stroke to examine the relationships between stroke impairments and physical activity, sleep, and nutrition...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549761/positive-and-negative-emotional-eating-have-different-associations-with-overeating-and-binge-eating-construction-and-validation-of-the-positive-negative-emotional-eating-scale
#7
Hedvig Sultson, Katrin Kukk, Kirsti Akkermann
Research on emotional eating mostly focuses on negative emotions. Much less is known about how positive emotions relate to overeating and binge eating (BE). The aim of the current study was to construct a scale for positive and negative emotional eating and to assess its predictive validity. In study 1, the Positive-Negative Emotional Eating Scale (PNEES) was constructed and tested on 531 women, who also completed Eating Disorders Assessment Scale (EDAS). Results showed that a two-factor model constituting Positive emotional eating (PNEES-P) and Negative emotional eating (PNEES-N) fit the data well...
May 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549759/-smile-away-your-cravings-facial-feedback-modulates-cue-induced-food-cravings
#8
Jennifer Schmidt, Alexandra Martin
Food cravings are common experiences that precede dysfunctional eating behaviors, such as overeating and binge eating. These cravings are often related to negative affect, especially in emotional eaters. Recent studies have revived interest in a theory on the implicit modulation of affect: the facial feedback-hypothesis. This theory claims that mimic expressions influence affective experiences. Given the association between negative affect and food craving, facial feedback could provide a means to reduce or prevent food cravings...
May 24, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542555/parenting-styles-feeding-styles-and-food-related-parenting-practices-in-relation-to-toddlers-eating-styles-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#9
Klazine van der Horst, Ester F C Sleddens
INTRODUCTION: Toddlers' eating behaviors are influenced by the way parents interact with their children. The objective of this study was to explore how five major constructs of general parenting behavior cluster in parents of toddlers. These parenting clusters were further explored to see how they differed in the use of feeding strategies (i.e. feeding styles and food parenting practices) and by reported child eating styles. METHODS: An online survey with 1005 mothers/caregivers (legal guardians) with at least one child between 12 and 36 months old was conducted in the United States in 2012, assessing general parenting behavior, feeding style, food parenting practices and the child eating styles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535140/relation-between-body-mass-index-and-body-image-in-spanish-and-mexican-adolescents
#10
Jesús Roberto García Sandoval, José Carlos Caracuel, Armando Cocca, Michaela Cocca, Oswaldo Ceballos Gurrola
This article aims to study the relation between Body Mass Index (BMI) and body image in adolescents from two different social environments in Spain and Mexico, and to compare the construction of an appropriate body scheme in youth from these two countries. The majority of participants were found to be in the normal weight category of BMI. No significant differences were found in BMI or body image comparing Mexican and Spanish adolescents. Regardless of the country of origin, youth belonging to the weight deficit category of BMI overestimated their body shape, whereas those pertaining to overweight and obesity categories underestimated it...
May 23, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516825/girls-and-boys-trajectories-of-appearance-anxiety-from-age-10-to-15-years-are-associated-with-earlier-maturation-and-appearance-related-teasing
#11
Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Haley J Webb, Lara J Farrell, Allison M Waters
Adolescents' appearance-related concerns can provoke increasing emotional, social, and eating-related problems. The aims of this five-wave (2.5-year), multiple-informant longitudinal study were to (a) examine growth trajectories of appearance anxiety symptoms and appearance esteem, (b) identify whether trajectories differed by gender, and (c) examine several launching factors including parent-reported physical maturation, peer-rated physical appearance, body mass index, and appearance teasing by parents and peers...
May 18, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495039/emotional-symptoms-and-dietary-patterns-in-early-adolescence-a-school-based-follow-up-study
#12
Estefania Aparicio, Josefa Canals, Núria Voltas, Anna Valenzano, Victoria Arija
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between early emotional symptoms and dietary patterns over 3 years in a school-based sample. DESIGN: Three-year longitudinal prospective study. SETTING: Thirteen schools in Reus, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: From a sample of 562 preadolescents with and without emotional symptoms, 165 were observed and were classified as either showing (n = 100) or not showing emotional symptoms (n = 65)...
May 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482293/temporal-associations-between-affective-instability-and-dysregulated-eating-behavior-in-bulimia-nervosa
#13
Laura A Berner, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Scott G Engel, Jason M Lavender, James E Mitchell, Stephen A Wonderlich
Prior research suggests that the construct of emotional instability may be salient to bulimia nervosa (BN), but no study to date has used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to examine its temporal association with binge eating and purging. In the current study, 133 women with DSM-IV BN used portable digital devices to provide multiple daily negative affect (NA) and positive affect (PA) ratings and record eating disorder behaviors over 2 weeks. Two state-of-the art indices quantified affective instability: probability of acute change (PAC), which represents the likelihood of extreme affective increases, and mean squared successive difference (MSSD), which represents average change over successive recordings...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479407/deficits-in-episodic-memory-are-related-to-uncontrolled-eating-in-a-sample-of-healthy-adults
#14
A A Martin, T L Davidson, M A McCrory
Despite a substantial amount of animal data linking deficits in memory inhibition to the development of overeating and obesity, few studies have investigated the relevance of memory inhibition to uncontrolled eating in humans. Further, although memory for recent eating has been implicated as an important contributor to satiety and energy intake, the possibility that variations in episodic memory relate to individual differences in food intake control has been largely neglected. To examine these relationships, we recruited ninety-three adult subjects to attend a single lab session where we assessed body composition, dietary intake, memory performance, and eating behaviors (Three Factor Eating Questionnaire)...
May 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467686/the-role-of-pride-in-women-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-grounded-theory-study
#15
Cintia L Faija, Stephanie Tierney, Patricia A Gooding, Sarah Peters, John R E Fox
OBJECTIVE: Theory and clinical literature suggest that pride may play an important role in the maintenance of restrictive eating disorders. A grounded theory study explored experiences of, and reflections on, pride among women with a current or past diagnosis of anorexia nervosa. DESIGN: This is a qualitative study using grounded theory. METHOD: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 21 women recruited from an eating disorder unit in England, and from a UK self-help organization...
May 3, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465183/a-qualitative-analysis-of-men-s-experiences-of-binge-eating
#16
Jillian B Carey, Karen K Saules, Meagan M Carr
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent overeating episodes, accompanied by loss of control (LOC), in the absence of compensatory behaviors. The literature supports that men overeat as often or more often than do women, but they are less likely to endorse LOC and other BED symptoms. Thus, rates of BED are lower among men. However, differences in prevalence rates may reflect gender bias in current conceptualizations of eating disorders and BED diagnostic criteria, not necessarily truly lower rates of disordered eating among men...
April 29, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442337/the-weight-related-eating-questionnaire-offers-a-concise-alternative-to-the-three-factor-eating-questionnaire-for-measuring-eating-behaviors-related-to-weight-loss
#17
Brittany L James, Eric Loken, Liane S Roe, Barbara J Rolls
OBJECTIVE: During a one-year weight loss trial, we compared the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), a valid 51-item measure of restraint, disinhibition, and hunger subscales, with the newer 16-item Weight-Related Eating Questionnaire (WREQ) measuring routine and compensatory restraint and external and emotional eating. METHODS: Both questionnaires were administered to women with overweight or obesity (n = 186, mean ± SD, age 50 ± 10.6 y, BMI 34 ± 4...
April 22, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439884/the-home-environment-shapes-emotional-eating
#18
Moritz Herle, Alison Fildes, Frühling Rijsdijk, Silje Steinsbekk, Clare Llewellyn
Emotional overeating (EOE) is the tendency to eat more in response to negative emotions; its etiology in early life is unknown. We established the relative genetic and environmental influences on EOE in toddlerhood and early childhood. Data were from Gemini, a population-based cohort of 2,402 British twins born in 2007. EOE was measured using the "emotional overeating" scale of the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) at 16 months and 5 years. A longitudinal quantitative genetic model established that genetic influences on EOE were minimal; on the other hand, shared environmental influences explained most of the variance...
April 25, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434108/emotional-eating-binge-eating-and-animal-models-of-binge-type-eating-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Robert Turton, Rayane Chami, Janet Treasure
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this paper is to review the role that hedonic factors, emotions and self-regulation systems have over eating behaviours from animal models to humans. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence has been found to suggest that for some high-risk individuals, obesity/binge eating may develop as an impulsive reaction to negative emotions that over time becomes a compulsive habit. Animal models highlight the neural mechanisms that might underlie this process and suggest similarities with substance use disorders...
April 22, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398148/the-emotional-eating-and-negative-food-relationship-experiences-of-obese-and-overweight-adults
#20
Tasha Ford, HeeSoon Lee, MinJeong Jeon
Overweight and obesity pose serious public health problems, affecting 68.8% of Americans. Previous research indicated that psychological factors played important roles in an individual's motivation to consume food. In particular, emotional eating, defined as overeating in response to negative affect, has received particular attention as a risk factor for obesity. This study explored and addressed the emotional factors involved in the development of emotional eating. A total of 10 Midwestern American male and female adults, previously diagnosed as medically overweight and obese, were recruited via online and print advertisement using maximum variation and snowball sampling methods...
July 2017: Social Work in Health Care
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