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Overeating emotional eating

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442337/the-weight-related-eating-questionnaire-offers-a-concise-alternative-to-the-three-factor-eating-questionnaire-for-measuring-eating-behaviors-related-to-weight-loss
#1
Brittany L James, Eric Loken, Liane S Roe, Barbara J Rolls
OBJECTIVE: During a one-year weight loss trial, we compared the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), a valid 51-item measure of restraint, disinhibition, and hunger subscales, with the newer 16-item Weight-Related Eating Questionnaire (WREQ) measuring routine and compensatory restraint and external and emotional eating. METHODS: Both questionnaires were administered to women with overweight or obesity (n = 186, mean ± SD, age 50 ± 10.6 y, BMI 34 ± 4...
April 22, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439884/the-home-environment-shapes-emotional-eating
#2
Moritz Herle, Alison Fildes, Frühling Rijsdijk, Silje Steinsbekk, Clare Llewellyn
Emotional overeating (EOE) is the tendency to eat more in response to negative emotions; its etiology in early life is unknown. We established the relative genetic and environmental influences on EOE in toddlerhood and early childhood. Data were from Gemini, a population-based cohort of 2,402 British twins born in 2007. EOE was measured using the "emotional overeating" scale of the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) at 16 months and 5 years. A longitudinal quantitative genetic model established that genetic influences on EOE were minimal; on the other hand, shared environmental influences explained most of the variance...
April 25, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434108/emotional-eating-binge-eating-and-animal-models-of-binge-type-eating-disorders
#3
REVIEW
Robert Turton, Rayane Chami, Janet Treasure
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this paper is to review the role that hedonic factors, emotions and self-regulation systems have over eating behaviours from animal models to humans. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence has been found to suggest that for some high-risk individuals, obesity/binge eating may develop as an impulsive reaction to negative emotions that over time becomes a compulsive habit. Animal models highlight the neural mechanisms that might underlie this process and suggest similarities with substance use disorders...
April 22, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398148/the-emotional-eating-and-negative-food-relationship-experiences-of-obese-and-overweight-adults
#4
Tasha Ford, HeeSoon Lee, MinJeong Jeon
Overweight and obesity pose serious public health problems, affecting 68.8% of Americans. Previous research indicated that psychological factors played important roles in an individual's motivation to consume food. In particular, emotional eating, defined as overeating in response to negative affect, has received particular attention as a risk factor for obesity. This study explored and addressed the emotional factors involved in the development of emotional eating. A total of 10 Midwestern American male and female adults, previously diagnosed as medically overweight and obese, were recruited via online and print advertisement using maximum variation and snowball sampling methods...
April 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386243/validation-and-factor-structure-of-the-french-language-version-of-the-emotional-appetite-questionnaire-emaq
#5
Léna Bourdier, Christophe Lalanne, Yannick Morvan, Laurence Kern, Lucia Romo, Sylvie Berthoz
The concept of Emotional Eating (EE) is increasingly considered to be implicated in overeating and obesity, and in different subtypes of eating disorders. Among the self-report questionnaires assessing EE, the Emotional Appetite Questionnaire (EMAQ) includes recent advances in this area: it evaluates a broad range of emotions and situations both positive and negative, and the way they modulate food intake (decrease, stability, or increase). The main objective of our study was to further investigate the psychometric properties of the French version of the EMAQ in a large sample of students...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371313/obesogenic-eating-behaviors-mediate-the-relationships-between-psychological-problems-and-bmi-in-children
#6
Kimberley Margaret Mallan, Lynne Allison Daniels, Jan Maree Nicholson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between psychological problems and weight status in children aged 3.5 to 4 years and test whether obesogenic eating behaviors mediate this relationship. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional secondary analysis of data from first-time mothers (N = 194) in the control arm of the NOURISH randomized controlled trial. At child age 3.5 to 4 years, maternal-reported child eating behaviors and psychological problems were collected via valid tools, and child weight and height data were collected by trained study staff...
March 29, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363115/the-effect-of-childrens-eating-behaviors-and-parental-feeding-style-on-childhood-obesity
#7
Dilek Demir, Murat Bektas
In is important to determine the factors that affect obesity in childhood, in order to raise generations of healthy children. This study aims to determine the effect of primary school students' eating behaviors and parental feeding styles on obesity in childhood. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with 1201 children and their parents between September 2014 and March 2015. The data were collected using the socio-demographic data collection form for children and parents, the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire and the Parental Feeding Style Questionnaire...
March 22, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344152/trait-based-food-cravings-are-encoded-by-regional-homogeneity-in-the-parahippocampal-gyrus
#8
Shuaiyu Chen, Debo Dong, Todd Jackson, Qian Zhuang, Hong Chen
Food cravings can reflect an intense trait-like emotional-motivational desire to eat palatable food, often resulting in the failure of weight loss efforts. Studies have linked trait-based food-cravings to increased risk of overeating. However, little is known about resting-state neural mechanisms that underlie food cravings. We investigated this issue using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to test the extent to which spontaneous neural activity occurs in regions implicated in emotional memory and reward motivation associated with food cravings...
March 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333551/effect-of-a-group-behavioural-management-program-on-emotional-regulation-of-food-choices-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Danuta Southgate, Michelle Greiver, Greg Hubka, Kori Kostka, Rahim Moineddin, Marjan Moienedin, James Pencharz, Heather Bogetta, Claudia Mazariegos, Jo-Anne Guindon, Andrea Petroff
PURPOSE: In Ontario, group programs to increase mindfulness of food choices are provided in Family Health Teams (FHTs), but evaluation is limited. We targeted patients with chronic conditions that could benefit from intensified management and evaluated an existing program. METHODS: We included 3 FHTs. Patients were randomized to immediate participation in the intervention (n = 16) or to wait-list control (n = 14). Eligible participants were between 40 and 70 years old, living with diabetes and/or hypertension and had at least 2 of: elevated cholesterol (LDL >4 if hypertension or LDL >2 mmol/L if diabetes), blood sugar (A1c >7...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333235/ovarian-hormones-and-obesity
#10
Brigitte Leeners, Nori Geary, Philippe N Tobler, Lori Asarian
BACKGROUND: Obesity is caused by an imbalance between energy intake, i.e. eating and energy expenditure (EE). Severe obesity is more prevalent in women than men worldwide, and obesity pathophysiology and the resultant obesity-related disease risks differ in women and men. The underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Pre-clinical and clinical research indicate that ovarian hormones may play a major role. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: We systematically reviewed the clinical and pre-clinical literature on the effects of ovarian hormones on the physiology of adipose tissue (AT) and the regulation of AT mass by energy intake and EE...
March 2, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322911/cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-eating-disorders-versus-normalization-of-eating-behavior
#11
REVIEW
P Södersten, C Bergh, M Leon, U Brodin, M Zandian
We examine the science and evidence supporting cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for the treatment of bulimia nervosa and other eating disorders. Recent trials focusing on the abnormal cognitive and emotional aspects of bulimia have reported a remission rate of about 45%, and a relapse rate of about 30% within one year. However, an early CBT trial that emphasized the normalization of eating behavior had a better outcome than treatment that focused on cognitive intervention. In support of this finding, another treatment, that restores a normal eating behavior using mealtime feedback, has an estimated remission rate of about 75% and a relapse rate of about 10% over five years...
March 16, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241982/association-of-the-dopamine-d2-receptor-rs1800497-polymorphism-and-eating-behavior-in-chilean-children
#12
Ana M Obregón, Macarena Valladares, Gary Goldfield
OBJECTIVES: Studies have established a strong genetic component in eating behavior. The TaqI A1 polymorphism (rs1800497) has previously been associated with obesity and eating behavior. Additionally, this polymorphism has been associated with diminished dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) density, higher body mass, and food reinforcement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the DRD2 rs1800497 polymorphism and eating behavior in Chilean children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in which we selected 258 children (44% girls, 56% boys; ages 8-14 y) with a wide variation in body mass index...
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215543/the-mediating-role-of-child-self-regulation-of-eating-in-the-relationship-between-parental-use-of-food-as-a-reward-and-child-emotional-overeating
#13
Elisabeth M Powell, Leslie A Frankel, Daphne C Hernandez
Emotional eating, or eating in response to negative emotions rather than internal hunger cues, has been related to many maladaptive eating patterns that contribute to weight gain and obesity. The parent feeding practice of use of food as a reward is positively associated with children emotionally overeating, yet, little is known as to the potential behavioral mechanism linking these behaviors. The current study examined the mediating role of child self-regulation of eating in the relationship between parental use of food as a reward and child emotional overeating...
February 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212499/validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-dsm-5-yale-food-addiction-scale-in-a-nonclinical-sample
#14
Paul Brunault, Robert Courtois, Ashley N Gearhardt, Philippe Gaillard, Kevin Journiac, Sarah Cathelain, Christian Réveillère, Nicolas Ballon
OBJECTIVE: The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) is the only questionnaire that assesses food addiction (FA) based on substance dependence criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Following recent updating of addiction criteria, a new DSM-5 version (YFAS 2.0) has been developed. Our study tested the psychometric properties of the French YFAS 2.0 in a nonclinical population. METHOD: We assessed 330 nonclinical participants for FA (French YFAS 2...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156504/how-can-palliative-care-specialists-best-integrate-into-multidisciplinary-oncology-care-for-patients-with-metastatic-breast-cancer
#15
Melissa F Miller, Joanne S Buzaglo, Arif Kamal
182 Background: Current evidence for palliative care/oncology integration derives from cancers with either very short prognoses or relatively limited treatment options (e.g. pancreas). Little is know about the role of palliative care in metastatic breast cancer, where prognosis may be measured in years and the treatment option portfolio is continuously expanding. METHODS: The Cancer Support Community Metastatic Breast Cancer Experience Registry is a voluntary, patient-reported, online registry of patient experiences with cancer...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152263/trajectories-of-weight-change-and-predictors-over-18-month-weight-loss-treatment
#16
Yaguang Zheng, Susan M Sereika, Cynthia A Danford, Christopher C Imes, Rachel Woodson Goode, Juliet Mancino, Lora E Burke
BACKGROUND: Obesity research has typically focused on weight change patterns using the whole sample in randomized clinical trials (RCTs), ignoring subsets of individuals with varying weight change trajectories (e.g., continuing to lose, or maintaining weight). The purpose was to explore possible trajectories of weight change and their associated predictors. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from two RCTs using standard behavioral treatment for weight loss...
March 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145730/the-voice-of-experience-diet-and-weight-change-in-women-with-breast-cancer-associate-with-psychosocial-and-treatment-related-challenges
#17
Vivienne Vance, Sharon Campbell, Linda Mccargar, Marina Mourtzakis, Rhona Hanning
PURPOSE: This study investigated relationships between psychosocial and treatment-related factors, diet, and weight change in women treated with chemotherapy for early-stage breast cancer. METHODS: Comprehensive qualitative interviews were conducted with 28 women who were within 12 months of completing chemotherapy treatment. RESULTS: Changes in food intake and eating patterns were universal over the course of chemotherapy, with broad variability in treatment effects and associated dietary responses linked to weight change...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131964/contextual-factors-associated-with-eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-among-adults-with-obesity
#18
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Carolyn M Pearson, Linsey M Utzinger, Carly R Pacanowski, Tyler B Mason, Laura A Berner, Scott G Engel, Stephen A Wonderlich, Carol B Peterson
Eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) is under-explored in adults with obesity. In this study, 50 adults with obesity recorded eating episodes and theoretically-relevant environmental, perceptual, and emotional correlates in the natural environment for 2weeks via ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Generalized linear models and mixed models were used to characterize correlates and consequences of EAH vs. non-EAH episodes/tendencies (within-subjects and between-subjects effects, respectively), time of day, and time of day×EAH interactions...
January 17, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089590/using-the-presurgical-psychological-evaluation-to-predict-5-year-weight-loss-outcomes-in-bariatric-surgery-patients
#19
Ryan J Marek, Yossef S Ben-Porath, Manfred H M van Dulmen, Kathleen Ashton, Leslie J Heinberg
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors contribute to poorer weight loss outcomes following bariatric surgery; however, findings on associations between preoperative psychiatric diagnoses, psychological testing, and weight loss are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: Examine associations between presurgical psychiatric diagnoses derived from a semi-structured clinical interview and test scores from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality-Inventory-2 - Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) and 5-year Body Mass Index (BMI) outcomes...
March 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012612/paying-the-price-for-body-evolution-the-role-of-evolution-in-disorders-of-body-representation
#20
Francesca G Magnani, Anna Sedda
Since its beginning, research about cognitive representation of our bodies has debated over multiple representations models. Furthermore, recent years have seen a rise in the study of body representation disorders and related impairments. However, why human beings manifest so many deficits is still a mystery. Considering human evolution, frontal brain regions are well known for their changes in dimensions and connections. Less known is that parietal and temporal lobes encountered similar changes. These areas, especially in the right hemisphere, are crucial for body representation...
January 2017: Medical Hypotheses
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