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Overeating emotional eating

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215543/the-mediating-role-of-child-self-regulation-of-eating-in-the-relationship-between-parental-use-of-food-as-a-reward-and-child-emotional-overeating
#1
Elisabeth M Powell, Leslie A Frankel, Daphne Hernandez
Emotional eating, or eating in response to negative emotions rather than internal hunger cues, has been related to many maladaptive eating patterns that contribute to weight gain and obesity. The parent feeding practice of use of food as a reward is positively associated with children emotionally overeating. Yet, little is known as to the potential behavioral mechanism linking these behaviors. The current study examined the mediating role of child self-regulation of eating in the relationship between parental use of food as a reward and child emotional overeating...
February 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212499/validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-dsm-5-yale-food-addiction-scale-in-a-nonclinical-sample
#2
Paul Brunault, Robert Courtois, Ashley N Gearhardt, Philippe Gaillard, Kevin Journiac, Sarah Cathelain, Christian Réveillère, Nicolas Ballon
OBJECTIVE: The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) is the only questionnaire that assesses food addiction (FA) based on substance dependence criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Following recent updating of addiction criteria, a new DSM-5 version (YFAS 2.0) has been developed. Our study tested the psychometric properties of the French YFAS 2.0 in a nonclinical population. METHOD: We assessed 330 nonclinical participants for FA (French YFAS 2...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156504/how-can-palliative-care-specialists-best-integrate-into-multidisciplinary-oncology-care-for-patients-with-metastatic-breast-cancer
#3
Melissa F Miller, Joanne S Buzaglo, Arif Kamal
: 182 Background: Current evidence for palliative care/oncology integration derives from cancers with either very short prognoses or relatively limited treatment options (e.g. pancreas). Little is know about the role of palliative care in metastatic breast cancer, where prognosis may be measured in years and the treatment option portfolio is continuously expanding. METHODS: The Cancer Support Community Metastatic Breast Cancer Experience Registry is a voluntary, patient-reported, online registry of patient experiences with cancer...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152263/trajectories-of-weight-change-and-predictors-over-18-month-weight-loss-treatment
#4
Yaguang Zheng, Susan M Sereika, Cynthia A Danford, Christopher C Imes, Rachel Woodson Goode, Juliet Mancino, Lora E Burke
BACKGROUND: Obesity research has typically focused on weight change patterns using the whole sample in randomized clinical trials (RCTs), ignoring subsets of individuals with varying weight change trajectories (e.g., continuing to lose, or maintaining weight). The purpose was to explore possible trajectories of weight change and their associated predictors. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from two RCTs using standard behavioral treatment for weight loss...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145730/the-voice-of-experience-diet-and-weight-change-in-women-with-breast-cancer-associate-with-psychosocial-and-treatment-related-challenges
#5
Vivienne Vance, Sharon Campbell, Linda Mccargar, Marina Mourtzakis, Rhona Hanning
PURPOSE: This study investigated relationships between psychosocial and treatment-related factors, diet, and weight change in women treated with chemotherapy for early-stage breast cancer. METHODS: Comprehensive qualitative interviews were conducted with 28 women who were within 12 months of completing chemotherapy treatment. RESULTS: Changes in food intake and eating patterns were universal over the course of chemotherapy, with broad variability in treatment effects and associated dietary responses linked to weight change...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131964/contextual-factors-associated-with-eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-among-adults-with-obesity
#6
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Carolyn M Pearson, Linsey M Utzinger, Carly R Pacanowski, Tyler B Mason, Laura A Berner, Scott G Engel, Stephen A Wonderlich, Carol B Peterson
Eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) is under-explored in adults with obesity. In this study, 50 adults with obesity recorded eating episodes and theoretically-relevant environmental, perceptual, and emotional correlates in the natural environment for 2weeks via ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Generalized linear models and mixed models were used to characterize correlates and consequences of EAH vs. non-EAH episodes/tendencies (within-subjects and between-subjects effects, respectively), time of day, and time of day×EAH interactions...
January 17, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089590/using-the-presurgical-psychological-evaluation-to-predict-5-year-weight-loss-outcomes-in-bariatric-surgery-patients
#7
Ryan J Marek, Yossef S Ben-Porath, Manfred H M van Dulmen, Kathleen Ashton, Leslie J Heinberg
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors contribute to poorer weight loss outcomes following bariatric surgery; however, findings on associations between preoperative psychiatric diagnoses, psychological testing, and weight loss are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: Examine associations between presurgical psychiatric diagnoses derived from a semi-structured clinical interview and test scores from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality-Inventory-2 - Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) and 5-year Body Mass Index (BMI) outcomes...
November 11, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012612/paying-the-price-for-body-evolution-the-role-of-evolution-in-disorders-of-body-representation
#8
Francesca G Magnani, Anna Sedda
Since its beginning, research about cognitive representation of our bodies has debated over multiple representations models. Furthermore, recent years have seen a rise in the study of body representation disorders and related impairments. However, why human beings manifest so many deficits is still a mystery. Considering human evolution, frontal brain regions are well known for their changes in dimensions and connections. Less known is that parietal and temporal lobes encountered similar changes. These areas, especially in the right hemisphere, are crucial for body representation...
January 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008323/emotional-eating-is-not-what-you-think-it-is-and-emotional-eating-scales-do-not-measure-what-you-think-they-measure
#9
REVIEW
Peggy Bongers, Anita Jansen
In eating research, it is common practice to group people into different eater types, such as emotional, external and restrained eaters. This categorization is generally based on scores on self-report questionnaires. However, recent studies have started to raise questions about the validity of such questionnaires. In the realm of emotional eating, a considerable number of studies, both in the lab and in naturalistic settings, fail to demonstrate increased food intake in emotional situations in self-described emotional eaters...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988864/the-potential-relevance-of-docosahexaenoic-acid-and-eicosapentaenoic-acid-to-the-etiopathogenesis-of-childhood-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Alessandra Tesei, Alessandro Crippa, Silvia Busti Ceccarelli, Maddalena Mauri, Massimo Molteni, Carlo Agostoni, Maria Nobile
Over the last 15 years, considerable interest has been given to the potential role of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) for understanding pathogenesis and treatment of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders. This review aims to systematically investigate the scientific evidence supporting the hypothesis on the omega-3 PUFAs deficit as a risk factor shared by different pediatric neuropsychiatric disorders. Medline PubMed database was searched for studies examining blood docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) status in children with neuropsychiatric disorders...
December 17, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943533/expressed-emotions-and-depressive-symptoms-in-caregivers-of-adolescents-with-first-onset-anorexia-nervosa-a-long-term-investigation-over-2-5%C3%A2-years
#11
Reinhild Schwarte, Nina Timmesfeld, Astrid Dempfle, Melanie Krei, Karin Egberts, Charlotte Jaite, Christian Fleischhaker, Christoph Wewetzer, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Jochen Seitz, Katharina Bühren
OBJECTIVE: High levels of expressed emotions (EE) and depressive symptoms (DS) are often found in caregivers of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). Both parameters are considered to influence AN symptoms of the patient. METHODS: One hundred seventy adolescent women with AN and their caregivers were assessed at admission, discharge, at 1-year and 2.5-year follow up to evaluate AN symptoms of the patient and EE and DS of caregivers. RESULTS: The EE and DS were elevated at admission and decreased during treatment, criticism (as part of EE) exhibited again at the 2...
January 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936110/women-s-perceived-reasons-for-their-excessive-postpartum-weight-retention-a-qualitative-interview-study
#12
Anne Christenson, Eva Johansson, Signy Reynisdottir, Jarl Torgerson, Erik Hemmingsson
INTRODUCTION: Obesity in Sweden has doubled to 14% over the last 20 years. New strategies for treatment and prevention are needed. Excessive gestational weight gain has been found to contribute substantially to obesity, and there is a consistent association between postpartum weight retention and obesity later in life. We aimed to explore what factors women perceive as reasons for having substantial postpartum weight retention, to identify areas for new and improved interventions. METHODS: Qualitative interview study (semi-structured) using an emergent design...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922596/pathological-overeating-emerging-evidence-for-a-compulsivity-construct
#13
REVIEW
Catherine F Moore, Valentina Sabino, George F Koob, Pietro Cottone
Compulsive eating behavior is a transdiagnostic construct that is characteristic of medical and psychiatric conditions such as forms of obesity and eating disorders. While feeding research is moving towards a better understanding of the proposed addictive properties of food, the components and the mechanisms contributing to compulsive eating are not yet clearly defined or understood. Current understanding highlights three elements of compulsive behavior as it applies to pathological overeating: 1) habitual overeating; 2) overeating to relieve a negative emotional state; and 3) overeating despite aversive consequences...
December 6, 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869569/change-in-expressed-emotion-and-treatment-outcome-in-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#14
Ashley A Moskovich, C Alix Timko, Lisa K Honeycutt, Nancy L Zucker, Rhonda M Merwin
Expressed emotion (EE) has been associated with poor outcomes in anorexia nervosa (AN); however, whether changes in EE predict superior treatment outcomes is unknown. The current study examined whether decreases in EE during an open trial of a novel family-based treatment for AN predicted symptoms at end of treatment. Forty-seven adolescents (12-18 years of age) with AN or sub-threshold AN and their parents (mothers: n = 47, fathers: n = 39) participated in 6 months of family treatment. Measures of AN symptomatology (Eating Disorder Examination completed by adolescent and end of treatment recovery status) and parental EE (Family Questionnaire completed by parents which measures two facets of EE: critical communication [CC] and emotional over-involvement [EOI]) were collected at baseline and end of treatment...
January 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793573/are-overeating-and-food-addiction-related-to-distress-tolerance-an-examination-of-residents-with-obesity-from-a-u-s-metropolitan-area
#15
Andrea T Kozak, Jessica Davis, Ryan Brown, Matthew Grabowski
OBJECTIVE: Low distress tolerance (DT) is an inability to handle negative emotions. There is strong support for the connection between low DT and substance addiction, which suggests that the former might be related to food addiction (FA). Previous work found that low DT was related to overeating in a college sample. The current study had two primary aims: (1) to determine whether low DT is associated with overeating in a sample of participants with diverse races and incomes, and (2) to investigate the relationships among DT and body mass index (BMI) as well as DT and FA symptoms...
October 25, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776159/marked-body-shape-concerns-in-female-patients-suffering-from-eating-disorders-relevance-of-a-clinical-sub-group
#16
Lucie Gailledrat, Morgane Rousselet, Jean-Luc Venisse, Sylvain Lambert, Bruno Rocher, Manon Remaud, Alice Guilleux, Anne Sauvaget, Emeline Eyzop, Marie Grall-Bronnec
Concerns about body shape and weight are core diagnostic criteria for eating disorders although intensity varies between patients. Few studies have focused on the clinical differences relative to the intensity of these concerns. Nonetheless, they might have a prognostic value. This study was aimed at identifying the characteristics associated with marked body shape concerns in patients with an eating disorder. Data was collected from a systematic and standardized clinical assessment of outpatients seeking treatment in our department for eating disorders...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775488/fluctuations-in-negative-emotions-predict-binge-eating-both-in-women-and-men-an-experience-sampling-study
#17
Katrin Kukk, Kirsti Akkermann
This study investigated the associations between emotional fluctuations and emotion regulation difficulties in predicting binge eating and overeating episodes using the experience sampling method among 97 women and 61 men. Among women, fluctuations in negative emotion, emotion regulation difficulties, restrained eating, and the interaction of negative emotion fluctuations and emotion regulation difficulties predicted binge eating. Among men, trait impulsivity and fluctuations in negative emotion predicted binge eating...
January 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763400/vsed-narratives-exploring-complexity
#18
Robert Horowitz, Bernard Sussman, Timothy Quill
In this article three palliative care physicians review narratives about the complicated experience of voluntarily stopping eating and drinking (VSED). Despite consensus about its legality, the decision to end life by VSED is emotionally and ethically challenging for patients, family members and clinicians. Each VSED story is unique, and the individual perspectives within a single story may diverge, conflict, and evolve over time. The narratives differ substantially in the range of suffering described, from acute, graphic, physical symptoms to primarily anticipatory and psychological distress...
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757092/dietary-restraint-partially-mediates-the-relationship-between-impulsivity-and-binge-eating-only-in-lean-individuals-the-importance-of-accounting-for-body-mass-in-studies-of-restraint
#19
Jaime A Coffino, Natalia C Orloff, Julia M Hormes
Binge eating is characteristic of eating and weight-related disorders such as binge eating disorder, bulimia nervosa, and obesity. In light of data suggest impulsivity is associated with overeating specifically in restrained eaters, this study sought to elucidate the exact nature of the associations between these variables, hypothesizing that the relationship between impulsivity and binge eating is mediated by restrained eating. We further hypothesized that the role of dietary restraint as a mediator would be moderated by body mass index (BMI)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756640/reward-sensitivity-and-food-addiction-in-women
#20
Natalie J Loxton, Renée J Tipman
Sensitivity to the rewarding properties of appetitive substances has long been implicated in excessive consumption of palatable foods and drugs of abuse. Previous research focusing on individual differences in reward responsiveness has found heightened trait reward sensitivity to be associated with binge-eating, hazardous drinking, and illicit substance use. Food addiction has been proposed as an extreme form of compulsive-overeating and has been associated with genetic markers of heightened reward responsiveness...
October 15, 2016: Appetite
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