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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429642/selected-weight-management-interventions-for-military-populations-in-the-united-states-a-narrative-report
#1
Jessica Murray, Basil H Aboul-Enein, Joshua Bernstein, Joanna Kruk
Overweight and obesity continues to be a significant public health burden in the US and particularly among military personnel. Although the US Department of Defense mandates standardized physical activity requirements for military members, incidence and prevalence of overweight and obesity among military personnel continue to increase. Each military department controls their own interventional strategies for physical fitness and weight control. However, unique challenges such as geographic transients, lack of central standardization and empirical efficacy data across military departments, and chronic stress associated with military service adversely affect program outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429468/decision-making-in-obesity-without-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-iowa-gambling-task-performances
#2
REVIEW
J-Y Rotge, C Poitou, P Fossati, J Aron-Wisnewsky, J-M Oppert
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that obesity is associated with impairments in executive functions, such as deficits in decision-making, planning or problem solving, which might interfere with weight loss in obese individuals. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of decision-making abilities, as measured with the Iowa gambling task (IGT), in obesity without eating disorders. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to identify studies comparing IGT performances between groups of obese patients without eating disorders and groups of healthy control groups...
April 21, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428150/satiety-regulation-in-children-with-loss-of-control-eating-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-test-meal-study
#3
Susanne Kurz, Dominik Schoebi, Daniela Dremmel, Wieland Kiess, Simone Munsch, Anja Hilbert
Children with loss of control (LOC) eating and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at risk for excessive weight gain. However, it is unclear whether or not these children show disturbances in hunger and satiety regulation. The goal was to examine the food intake and sense of LOC over eating as well as LOC eating-related characteristics during test meal in children with LOC eating and ADHD. Children aged 8-13 y with LOC eating (n = 33), ADHD (n = 32), and matched healthy controls (n = 33), consumed a test meal consisting of their chosen lunch food, with the instruction to eat until feeling full...
April 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425019/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-problematic-overeating-behaviors-in-young-men-and-women
#4
Susan M Mason, Patricia A Frazier, S Bryn Austin, Bernard L Harlow, Benita Jackson, Nancy C Raymond, Janet W Rich-Edwards
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a risk factor for obesity, but the range of behaviors that contribute to this association are not known. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine associations between self-reported PTSD symptoms in 2007, with and without comorbid depression symptoms, and three problematic overeating behaviors in 2010, and to estimate the associations of PTSD-related overeating behaviors with obesity. METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses included 7438 male (n = 2478) and female (n = 4960) participants from the Growing Up Today Study (mean age 22-29 years in 2010)...
April 19, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410467/examination-of-the-interpersonal-model-of-loss-of-control-eating-in-the-laboratory
#5
Lisa M Shank, Ross D Crosby, Anne Claire Grammer, Lauren B Shomaker, Anna Vannucci, Natasha L Burke, Monika Stojek, Sheila M Brady, Merel Kozlosky, James C Reynolds, Jack A Yanovski, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff
BACKGROUND: The interpersonal model of loss of control (LOC) eating proposes that interpersonal problems lead to negative affect, which in turn contributes to the onset and/or persistence of LOC eating. Despite preliminary support, there are no data examining the construct validity of the interpersonal model of LOC eating using temporally sensitive reports of social stress, distinct negative affective states, and laboratory energy intake. METHOD: 117 healthy adolescent girls (BMI: 75th-97th %ile) were recruited for a prevention trial targeting excess weight gain in adolescent girls who reported LOC eating...
April 3, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403206/persistent-weight-loss-with-a-non-invasive-novel-medical-device-to-change-eating-behaviour-in-obese-individuals-with-high-risk-cardiovascular-risk-profile
#6
Peter von Seck, F Martin Sander, Leon Lanzendorf, Sabine von Seck, André Schmidt-Lucke, Mirja Zielonka, Caroline Schmidt-Lucke
In evidence-based weight-loss programs weight regain is common after an initial weight reduction. Eating slowly significantly lowers meal energy intake and hunger ratings. Despite this knowledge, obese individuals do not implement this behaviour. We, thus tested the hypothesis of changing eating behaviour with an intra-oral medical device leading to constant weight reduction in overweight and obesity. Six obese patients (6 men, age 56 ± 14, BMI 29 ± 2 kg / m2) with increased CVRF profile were included in this prospective study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402068/eating-related-psychopathology-and-food-addiction-in-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients
#7
Özgür Albayrak, Manuel Föcker, Josephine Kliewer, Simon Esber, Triinu Peters, Martina de Zwaan, Johannes Hebebrand
OBJECTIVE: Our aims were to investigate the relationship between food addiction and mental disorders including eating disorders (ED), eating-related psychopathology and body mass index-standard deviation score in a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: Food addiction was assessed with the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS). Eating-related psychopathology was measured with the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ). Psychiatric diagnoses were assessed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition...
May 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401087/low-dose-yeast-hydrolysate-in-treatment-of-obesity-and-weight-loss
#8
Eun Young Jung, Jong Woo Lee, Yang Hee Hong, Un Jae Chang, Hyung Joo Suh
The anti-obesity effects of yeast hydrolysate (YH) supplementation (1.0 g/d) have already been demonstrated. We investigated whether a low dose of YH (0.5 g/d, YH-500) also has the anti-obesity effects. Thirty obese women were randomly assigned to the control or YH-500 groups. After 8 weeks, weight and body mass index were significantly reduced by the YH treatment (0.5 g/d) (P<0.05). The YH-500 group lost a significant amount of body fat after the 8-week treatment: fat mass 25.9 kg (baseline) versus 23.8 kg (8th week), P<0...
March 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399487/binge-eating-disorder-may-be-distinguished-by-visuospatial-memory-deficits
#9
Kalina T Eneva, Susan M Murray, Eunice Y Chen
OBJECTIVE: Binge eating disorder (BED), characterized by recurrent episodes of loss of control overeating, is highly comorbid with overweight and obesity. Both loss of control eating and higher body mass index have been associated with poor memory. The current study sought to clarify the relationships between BED, weight and memory. Specifically, visual memory was examined, given evidence of impaired visuospatial abilities in overweight individuals and little research on visual memory in BED...
April 4, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396646/regional-gray-matter-volume-is-associated-with-restrained-eating-in-healthy-chinese-young-adults-evidence-from-voxel-based-morphometry
#10
Yanhua Su, Todd Jackson, Dongtao Wei, Jiang Qiu, Hong Chen
Highlight Participants were non-clinical young adults with different restrained eating levels.We assessed relations of restrained eating (RE) with regional gray matter volume (rGMV).High RE scores were related to larger GMV in specific areas related to reward.High RE scores were also linked to less GMV in regions related to response inhibition. Objective: Dieting is a popular method of weight control. However, few dieters are able to maintain initial weight losses over an extended period of time. Why do most restrained dieters fail to lose weight? Alterations in brain structures associated with restrained eating (RE) represent one potentially important mechanism that contributes to difficulties in maintaining weight loss within this group...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387426/facets-of-impulsivity-and-compulsivity-in-women-with-anorexia-nervosa
#11
Jason M Lavender, Erica L Goodman, Kristen M Culbert, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Daniel Le Grange, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
This study sought to investigate independent associations of impulsivity and compulsivity with eating disorder (ED) symptoms. Women (N = 81) with full or subthreshold Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV anorexia nervosa (AN) completed a semi-structured interview and self-report questionnaires. Multiple regression analyses were conducted using ED symptoms as dependent variables and facets of impulsivity and compulsivity as predictor variables (controlling for body mass index and AN diagnostic subtype)...
April 7, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385581/self-perceived-food-addiction-prevalence-predictors-and-prognosis
#12
Angela Meadows, Laurence J Nolan, Suzanne Higgs
Food addiction is controversial within the scientific community. However many lay people consider themselves addicted to certain foods. We assessed the prevalence and characteristics of self-perceived "food addiction" and its relationship to a diagnostic measure of "clinical food addiction" in two samples: (1) 658 university students, and (2) 614 adults from an international online crowdsourcing platform. Participants indicated whether they considered themselves to be addicted to food, and then completed the Yale Food Addiction Scale, measures of eating behavior, body image, and explicit and internalized weight stigma...
April 3, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385288/increased-naive-cd4-and-b-lymphocyte-subsets-are-associated-with-body-mass-loss-and-drive-relative-lymphocytosis-in-anorexia-nervosa-patients
#13
Ana Elegido, Montserrat Graell, Patricia Andrés, Alina Gheorghe, Ascensión Marcos, Esther Nova
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an atypical form of malnutrition with peculiar changes in the immune system. We hypothesized that different lymphocyte subsets are differentially affected by malnutrition in AN, and thus, our aim was to investigate the influence of body mass loss on the variability of lymphocyte subsets in AN patients. A group of 66 adolescent female patients, aged 12-17 years, referred for their first episode of either AN or feeding or eating disorders not elsewhere classified were studied upon admission (46 AN-restricting subtype, 11 AN-binge/purging subtype, and 9 feeding or eating disorders not elsewhere classified)...
March 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376683/analyzing-the-effects-of-psychotherapy-on-weight-loss-after-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass-or-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-prospective-study
#14
F Gallé, A Cirella, A M Salzano, V Di Onofrio, P Belfiore, G Liguori
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Personality disorders are frequently associated with eating disorders in obese patients and may negatively affect weight loss and maintenance after bariatric surgery. This non-randomized study aimed to assess the effects of different psychotherapeutic interventions on weight loss in a sample of patients with borderline personality disorder who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 153 bariatric patients meeting borderline personality disorder criteria were chosen voluntarily and consecutively to undergo an interpersonal individual treatment (n = 50), a dialectical behavioral group treatment (n = 50), or treatment as usual (n = 53) for a year after surgery...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373674/early-improvement-in-food-cravings-are-associated-with-long-term-weight-loss-success-in-a-large-clinical-sample
#15
M Dalton, G Finlayson, B Walsh, A Er Halseth, C Duarte, J E Blundell
BACKGROUND: Food cravings are associated with dysregulated eating behaviour and obesity, and may impede successful weight loss attempts. Gaining control over food craving is therefore a component in the management of obesity. The current paper examined whether early changes in control over food craving (assessed using the Craving Control subscale on the Control of Eating Questionnaire [CoEQ]) was predictive of weight loss in four Phase 3 clinical trials investigating a sustained-release combination of naltrexone/bupropion (NB) in obese adults...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367921/association-between-skin-condition-and-sleep-efficiency-in-japanese-young-adults
#16
Takahiro Yoshizaki, Yoshifumi Kimira, Hiroshi Mano, Masako Ota, Ken Iwatsuki, Yuichi Oishi, Takumi Yamane
There has been little epidemiological evidence that has comprehensively clarified whether alterations in lifestyle, such as sleep quality and dietary intake, explain changes in the skin condition of healthy young adults. Therefore, the aim of our study was to elucidate the association between skin condition and lifestyle behaviors such as diet and sleep, after statistically controlling confounding factors. The subjects were 54 participants who were aged 20-32 y, and who attended college in the Kanto region (in Japan)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365476/secretive-eating-among-youth-with-overweight-or-obesity
#17
Andrea E Kass, Denise E Wilfley, Kamryn T Eddy, Kerri N Boutelle, Nancy Zucker, Carol B Peterson, Daniel Le Grange, Angela Celio-Doyle, Andrea B Goldschmidt
PURPOSE: Secretive eating, characterized by eating privately to conceal being seen, may reflect eating- and/or body-related shame, be associated with depression, and correlate with binge eating, which predicts weight gain and eating disorder onset. Increasing understanding of secretive eating in youth may improve weight status and reduce eating disorder risk. This study evaluated the prevalence and correlates of secretive eating in youth with overweight or obesity. METHODS: Youth (N = 577) presented to five research/clinical institutions...
March 29, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363840/behind-binge-eating-a-review-of-food-specific-adaptations-of-neurocognitive-and-neuroimaging-tasks
#18
REVIEW
Laura A Berner, Samantha R Winter, Brittany E Matheson, Leora Benson, Michael R Lowe
Recurrent binge eating, or overeating accompanied by a sense of loss of control, is a major public health concern. Identifying similarities and differences between individuals with binge eating and those with other psychiatric symptoms and characterizing the deficits that uniquely predispose individuals to eating problems are essential to improving treatment. Research suggests that altered reward and control-related processes may contribute to dysregulated eating and other impulsive behaviors in binge-eating populations, but the best methods for reliably assessing the contributions of these processes to binge eating are unclear...
March 28, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347881/can-mindfulness-influence-weight-management-related-eating-behaviors-if-so-how
#19
REVIEW
Katy Tapper
Mindfulness is increasingly being used for weight management. However, the strength of the evidence for such an approach is unclear; although mindfulness-based weight management programs have had some success, it is difficult to conclude that the mindfulness components were responsible. Research in this area is further complicated by the fact that the term 'mindfulness' is used to refer to a range of different practices. Additionally, we have little understanding of the mechanisms by which mindfulness might exert its effects...
March 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345215/temporal-discounting-and-the-tendency-to-delay-gratification-across-the-eating-disorder-spectrum
#20
Savani Bartholdy, Samantha Rennalls, Hollie Danby, Claire Jacques, Iain C Campbell, Ulrike Schmidt, Owen G O'Daly
Bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) have been associated with poorer reward-related inhibitory control, reflected by a reduced tendency to delay gratification. The opposite has been reported in anorexia nervosa (AN), but differences have not been directly compared across eating disorders (EDs). This study investigated self-reported (Delaying Gratification Inventory) and task-based (temporal discounting) inhibitory control in 66 women with an ED and 28 healthy controls (HCs). Poorer task-based inhibitory control was observed in the BN compared with the AN group and poorer self-reported inhibitory control in the BN and in the BED groups compared with the AN and the HC groups, suggesting that reward-related inhibitory control varies across EDs...
March 27, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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