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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095885/symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-among-adult-eating-disorder-patients
#1
Nils Erik Svedlund, Claes Norring, Ylva Ginsberg, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin
BACKGROUND: Very little is known about the prevalence of ADHD symptoms in Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder and even less in other eating disorders. This knowledge gap is of clinical importance since stimulant treatment is proven effective in Binge Eating Disorder and discussed as a treatment possibility for Bulimia Nervosa. The objective of this study was to explore the prevalence and types of self-reported ADHD symptoms in an unselected group of eating disorder patients assessed in a specialized eating disorder clinic...
January 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076675/low-fasting-oxytocin-levels-are-associated-with-psychopathology-in-anorexia-nervosa-in-partial-recovery
#2
Yuliya Afinogenova, Cindy Schmelkin, Franziska Plessow, Jennifer J Thomas, Reitumetse Pulumo, Nadia Micali, Karen K Miller, Kamryn T Eddy, Elizabeth A Lawson
OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa (AN), a psychiatric disorder characterized by restriction of food intake despite severe weight loss, is associated with increased comorbid anxiety and depression. Secretion of oxytocin, an appetite-regulating neurohormone with anxiolytic and antidepressant properties, is abnormal in AN. The link between oxytocin levels and psychopathology in AN has not been well explored. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 79 women aged 18-45 years (19 AN, 26 AN in partial recovery [ANPR], and 34 healthy controls [HC]) investigating the relationship between basal oxytocin levels and disordered eating psychopathology, anxiety, and depressive symptoms...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068906/cherish-collaboration-for-hospitalised-elders-reducing-the-impact-of-stays-in-hospital-protocol-for-a-multi-site-improvement-program-to-reduce-geriatric-syndromes-in-older-inpatients
#3
Alison M Mudge, Merrilyn D Banks, Adrian G Barnett, Irene Blackberry, Nicholas Graves, Theresa Green, Gillian Harvey, Ruth E Hubbard, Sharon K Inouye, Sue Kurrle, Kwang Lim, Prue McRae, Nancye M Peel, Jessica Suna, Adrienne M Young
BACKGROUND: Older inpatients are at risk of hospital-associated geriatric syndromes including delirium, functional decline, incontinence, falls and pressure injuries. These contribute to longer hospital stays, loss of independence, and death. Effective interventions to reduce geriatric syndromes remain poorly implemented due to their complexity, and require an organised approach to change care practices and systems. Eat Walk Engage is a complex multi-component intervention with structured implementation, which has shown reduced geriatric syndromes and length of stay in pilot studies at one hospital...
January 9, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060877/heightened-olfactory-sensitivity-in-young-females-with-recent-onset-anorexia-nervosa-and-recovered-individuals
#4
Mette Bentz, Johanne Guldberg, Signe Vangkilde, Tine Pedersen, Kerstin Jessica Plessen, Jens Richardt Moellegaard Jepsen
INTRODUCTION: Olfaction may be related to food restriction and weight loss. However, reports regarding olfactory function in individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) have been inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: Characterize olfactory sensitivity and identification in female adolescents and young adults with first-episode AN and young females recovered from AN. METHODS: We used the Sniffin' Sticks Odor Threshold Test and Odor Identification Test to assess 43 participants with first-episode AN, 27 recovered participants, and 39 control participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054295/maladaptive-eating-behaviors-and-metabolic-profile-in-patients-submitted-to-bariatric-surgery-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Mara Pinto, Eva Conceição, Isabel Brandão, Diogo Pestana, Li Cao, Filipa Arrojado, Ana Rita Vaz, Ana Pinto-Bastos
PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate relations between maladaptive eating behaviors (MEB) and metabolic profile in patients submitted to bariatric surgery. METHODS: Longitudinal study including 70 patients before (T0), in the first year after surgery assessment (T1), and the second year after surgery assessment (T2). A face-to-face clinical interview assessed MEB at T0 and T2. Blood samples were collected at T0, T1, and T2 to assess fasting plasma glucose (FPG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), insulin, insulin resistance (IR), and triglycerides (TG)...
January 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042040/executive-functioning-and-dietary-intake-neurocognitive-correlates-of-fruit-vegetable-and-saturated-fat-intake-in-adults-with-obesity
#6
Emily P Wyckoff, Brittney C Evans, Stephanie M Manasse, Meghan L Butryn, Evan M Forman
Obesity is a significant public health issue, and is associated with poor diet. Evidence suggests that eating behavior is related to individual differences in executive functioning. Poor executive functioning is associated with poorer diet (few fruits and vegetables and high saturated fat) in normal weight samples; however, the relationship between these specific dietary behaviors and executive functioning have not been investigated in adults with obesity. The current study examined the association between executive functioning and intake of saturated fat, fruits, and vegetables in an overweight/obese sample using behavioral measures of executive function and dietary recall...
December 29, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039879/prevalence-of-binge-and-loss-of-control-eating-among-children-and-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity-an-exploratory-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Jinbo He, Zhihui Cai, Xitao Fan
OBJECTIVE: Due to the inconsistency of the research findings in the current literature, the prevalence of binge and loss of control (LOC) eating among children and adolescents with overweight and obesity remains unclear. By using the meta-analytic approach, this article aimed at exploring the prevalence of binge/LOC eating among children and adolescents with overweight and obesity, and at identifying potential moderators, which may have contributed to the heterogeneity of the existing research findings...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032161/psychological-and-psychiatric-traits-in-post-bariatric-patients-asking-for-body-contouring-surgery
#8
Chiara Pavan, Massimo Marini, Eleonora De Antoni, Carlotta Scarpa, Tito Brambullo, Franco Bassetto, Annapina Mazzotta, Vincenzo Vindigni
BACKGROUNDS: Obese patients, mainly females, feel uncomfortable and unsatisfied with their physical appearance; they have a wrong perception of their image and consequently diminish their self-esteem, sometimes showing difficulties in functional areas such as work, relationship, social activity. Beside health concerns, improving their appearance and body image are often common motives for weight loss in obese individuals and after weight loss about 30% of bariatric surgery patients undergo plastic surgical correction of excessive skin...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029852/impact-of-a-mindfulness-based-weight-loss-intervention-on-sleep-quality-among-adults-with-obesity-data-from-the-shine-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Elizabeth Adler, Anand Dhruva, Patricia J Moran, Jennifer Daubenmier, Michael Acree, Elissa S Epel, Peter Bacchetti, Aric A Prather, Ashley Mason, Frederick M Hecht
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbance is a common problem among adults with obesity. Mindfulness interventions have been shown to improve sleep quality in various populations but have not been investigated in adults with obesity. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a mindfulness-based weight-loss intervention with an active control on self-reported sleep quality among adults with obesity. METHOD: This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial and included 194 adults with a body mass index in the range 30-45 kg/m(2)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025863/anorexia-cachexia-syndrome-in-hepatoma-tumour-bearing-rats-requires-the-area-postrema-but-not-vagal-afferents-and-is-paralleled-by-increased-mic-1-gdf15
#10
Tito Borner, Myrtha Arnold, Johan Ruud, Samuel N Breit, Wolfgang Langhans, Thomas A Lutz, Anders Blomqvist, Thomas Riediger
BACKGROUND: The cancer-anorexia-cachexia syndrome (CACS) negatively affects survival and therapy success in cancer patients. Inflammatory mediators and tumour-derived factors are thought to play an important role in the aetiology of CACS. However, the central and peripheral mechanisms contributing to CACS are insufficiently understood. The area postrema (AP) and the nucleus tractus solitarii are two important brainstem centres for the control of eating during acute sickness conditions...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004442/psychopathological-differences-between-suicide-ideators-and-suicide-attempters-in-patients-with-mental-disorders
#11
Sandra Pérez, Jose H Marco, Joaquin García-Alandete
BACKGROUND: Although suicide is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, there is a need for studies to identify variables that can differentiate patients with suicide ideation at risk of transitioning to an attempt. METHOD: In this study, we assessed suicide ideation and attempts, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), hopelessness, borderline symptoms and meaning in life in a sample of 348 patients with different diagnoses of mental disorders. We divided the sample into four subgroups: patients without suicide ideation or suicide attempts; patients with current suicide ideation; patients with lifetime suicide attempts and patients with a suicide attempt in the previous year...
December 22, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000310/peanut-allergy-as-a-family-project-social-relations-and-transitions-in-adolescence
#12
A Stensgaard, C Bindslev-Jensen, D Nielsen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: to explore and better understand the impact that peanut allergy can have on family experiences in everyday life through interviews with individual family members. BACKGROUND: Peanut allergy affects adolescents' quality of life through the need to avoid eating peanut-containing food and the risk of anaphylaxis. Adolescence is a period of increasing separation from parents and has the highest risk of food fatalities. DESIGN: A qualitative interview study taking a phenomenological-hermeneutic approach...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992088/interhemispheric-functional-connectivity-in-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa
#13
Antonietta Canna, Anna Prinster, Alessio Maria Monteleone, Elena Cantone, Palmiero Monteleone, Umberto Volpe, Mario Maj, Francesco Di Salle, Fabrizio Esposito
The functional interplay between hemispheres is fundamental for behavioral, cognitive and emotional control. Anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) have been largely studied with brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in relation to the functional mechanisms of high-level processing, but not in terms of possible inter-hemispheric functional connectivity anomalies. Using resting-state functional MRI (fMRI), voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC) and regional inter-hemispheric spectral coherence (IHSC) were studied in 15 AN and 13 BN patients and 16 healthy controls (HC)...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979755/effects-of-non-nutritive-sweetened-beverages-on-appetite-during-active-weight-loss-switch-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-assessing-the-effects-of-non-nutritive-sweetened-beverages-compared-to-water-during-a-12-week-weight-loss-period-and-a-follow
#14
U Masic, J A Harrold, P Christiansen, D J Cuthbertson, C A Hardman, E Robinson, J C G Halford
BACKGROUND: Acute and medium-term intervention studies suggest that non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) are beneficial for weight loss, however there is limited human data on the long-term effects of consuming NNS on weight loss, maintenance, and appetite. Further research is therefore required to elucidate the prolonged impact of NNS consumption on these outcome measures. METHODS/DESIGN: A randomized parallel groups design will be used to assess whether regular NNS beverage intake is equivalent to a water control in promoting weight loss over 12-weeks (weekly weight loss sessions; Phase I), then supporting weight maintenance over 40-weeks (monthly sessions; Phase II) and subsequently independent weight maintenance over 52-weeks (Phase III) in 432 participants...
December 12, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966570/passive-and-active-roles-of-fat-free-mass-in-the-control-of-energy-intake-and-body-composition-regulation
#15
REVIEW
A G Dulloo, J Jacquet, J L Miles-Chan, Y Schutz
While putative feedback signals arising from adipose tissue are commonly assumed to provide the molecular links between the body's long-term energy requirements and energy intake, the available evidence suggests that the lean body or fat-free mass (FFM) also plays a role in the drive to eat. A distinction must, however, be made between a 'passive' role of FFM in driving energy intake, which is likely to be mediated by 'energy-sensing' mechanisms that translate FFM-induced energy requirements to energy intake, and a more 'active' role of FFM in the drive to eat through feedback signaling between FFM deficit and energy intake...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966566/it-is-not-how-much-you-crave-but-what-you-do-with-it-that-counts-behavioural-responses-to-food-craving-during-weight-management
#16
E F Smithson, A J Hill
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The relationship between food craving and dieting is mixed and uncertain, with little evidence during active weight management. Accordingly, the frequency and nature of food cravings were investigated in people attending a commercial weight management programme. SUBJECTS/METHODS: An online survey was completed by 2932 participants (97% female, mean age=43.0 years, mean body mass index=31.6 kg/m(2)). Assessments included the Control of Eating Questionnaire, measuring the frequency, intensity, specificity and behaviour following food cravings...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923968/exploring-gender-differences-in-a-randomized-trial-of-weight-loss-maintenance
#17
Melissa M Crane, Robert W Jeffery, Nancy E Sherwood
The purpose of this study is to explore gender differences in reasons for losing weight, weight loss methods, and weight loss behaviors prior to and during a weight loss maintenance trial. This is a secondary analysis of data from a 24-month randomized controlled trial comparing Self-Directed or Guided phone-based weight loss maintenance interventions among adults who had intentionally lost ≥10% of their body weight in the year prior to enrollment. Participants reported their weight loss methods and reasons for recently losing weight at baseline...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923254/-influence-of-attachment-style-on-the-outcome-of-bariatric-surgery-a-pilot-study
#18
Johanna Elisabeth Appel, Franziska Ift, Hermann Kißler, Christof Kloos, Thomas Lehmann, Bernhard Strauß, Katharina Wick
Background: Bariatric surgery can lower body weight and comorbidities. Different factors might influence the outcome of this treatment. This pilot study examines whether patients' attachment style can influence surgical outcome. Methods: The sample consisted of 32 patients (f=24; m=8; BMI preoperative=47,8 kg/m(2)±5,2; age=53±9,84) who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The following variables were assessed pre- and postoperatively via questionnaires: quality of life (BAROS), self esteem (SES), depression, anxiety, psychological distress (SCL-90R), feelings of hunger, cognitive control, irritated eating behaviour (FEV) and weight related variables (BMI, EWL%, EBL%, TBL)...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915379/nr2a-and-nr2b-nmda-receptors-and-drebrin-within-postsynaptic-spines-of-the-hippocampus-correlate-with-hunger-evoked-exercise
#19
Yi-Wen Chen, Hannah Actor-Engel, Ang Doma Sherpa, Lauren Klingensmith, Tara G Chowdhury, Chiye Aoki
Hunger evokes foraging. This innate response can be quantified as voluntary wheel running following food restriction (FR). Paradoxically, imposing severe FR evokes voluntary FR, as some animals choose to run rather than eat, even during limited periods of food availability. This phenomenon, called activity-based anorexia (ABA), has been used to identify brain changes associated with FR and excessive exercise (EX), two core symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN), and to explore neurobiological bases of AN vulnerability...
December 3, 2016: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914473/effectiveness-of-enhanced-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-cbt-e-for-eating-disorders-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Martie de Jong, Kees Korrelboom, Iris van der Meer, Mathijs Deen, Hans W Hoek, Philip Spinhoven
BACKGROUND: While eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) is the most common eating disorder (ED) diagnosis in routine clinical practice, no specific treatment methods for this diagnosis have yet been developed and studied. Enhanced cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-E) has been described and put to the test as a transdiagnostic treatment protocol for all EDs, including EDNOS. Initial research in the UK suggests that CBT-E is more effective for EDs, especially bulimia nervosa (BN) and EDNOS, than the earlier version of CBT...
December 3, 2016: Trials
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