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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990590/an-experimental-therapeutics-test-of-whether-adding-dissonance-induction-activities-improves-the-effectiveness-of-a-selective-obesity-and-eating-disorder-prevention-program
#1
E Stice, P Rohde, H Shaw, J M Gau
OBJECTIVE: Compare the Healthy Weight obesity and eating disorder prevention program, which promotes participant-driven gradual lifestyle changes to bring energy intake and expenditure into balance, to a new intervention, Project Health, which adds activities to create cognitive dissonance about unhealthy eating, a sedentary lifestyle, and excess body fat, and an obesity education video control condition. METHOD: College students at risk for both outcomes because of weight concerns (N=364, 72% female) were randomized to condition, completing pretest, posttest, and 6, 12, and 24-month follow-up assessments...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988855/grazing-in-adults-with-obesity-and-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-associated-clinical-features-and-meta-analysis-of-prevalence
#2
REVIEW
Andreea I Heriseanu, Phillipa Hay, Laura Corbit, Stephen Touyz
Grazing, the unstructured, repetitive eating of small amounts of food, is a pattern of eating which has been associated with negative outcomes following bariatric surgery. Less is known about grazing in eating disorders and in non-surgical obese samples. This review aims to critically examine the existing research on the prevalence of grazing, associated treatment outcomes, and clinical correlates in adults with eating disorders and/or obesity, in clinical and community settings. A systematic electronic database search yielded 38 studies which met inclusion criteria for the review...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985151/a-randomized-pilot-study-of-a-phone-based-mindfulness-and-weight-loss-program
#3
Kelly M Carpenter, Katrina A Vickerman, Erica E Salmon, Harold S Javitz, Elissa S Epel, Jennifer C Lovejoy
This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of integrating mindfulness training into a phone-based weight loss program to improve outcomes in those with high levels of emotional eating. Participants were 75 enrollees into an employer-sponsored weight loss program who reported high levels of overeating in response to thoughts and feelings. Seventy-five overweight and obese participants (92% female, 65% Caucasian, aged 26 to 68) were randomized to the new mindfulness weight loss program (n = 50) or the standard behavioral weight loss program (n = 25)...
October 6, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984076/patterns-of-eating-disorder-pathology-are-associated-with-weight-change-in-family-based-behavioral-obesity-treatment
#4
Katherine N Balantekin, Jacqueline F Hayes, Daniel H Sheinbein, Rachel P Kolko, Richard I Stein, Brian E Saelens, Kelly Theim Hurst, R Robinson Welch, Michael G Perri, Kenneth B Schechtman, Leonard H Epstein, Denise E Wilfley
OBJECTIVE: Children with overweight or obesity have elevated eating disorder (ED) pathology, which may increase their risk for clinical EDs. The current study identified patterns of ED pathology in children with overweight or obesity entering family-based behavioral weight loss treatment (FBT) and examined whether children with distinct patterns differed in their ED pathology and BMI z score (zBMI) change across FBT. METHODS: Before participating in a 16-session FBT, children (N = 241) completed surveys or interviews assessing ED pathology (emotional eating, shape/weight/eating concerns, restraint, and loss of control [LOC])...
October 6, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984033/two-year-follow-up-of-a-postpartum-weight-loss-intervention-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Ena Huseinovic, Fredrik Bertz, Hilde Kristin Brekke, Anna Winkvist
We recently reported that a 12-week diet intervention among postpartum women produced a weight loss of 12% after 1 year, compared to 5% in controls. Here, we present 2-year results after 1 year of unsupervised follow-up. In total, 110 women with a self-reported body mass index of ≥27 kg/m(2) at 6-15-week postpartum were randomized to diet group (D-group) or control group (C-group). D-group received a 12-week diet intervention by a dietitian followed by monthly e-mails up to the 1-year follow-up. C-group received a brochure on healthy eating...
October 6, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967386/structural-neuroimaging-of-anorexia-nervosa-future-directions-in-the-quest-for-mechanisms-underlying-dynamic-alterations
#6
REVIEW
Joseph A King, Guido K W Frank, Paul M Thompson, Stefan Ehrlich
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a serious eating disorder characterized by self-starvation and extreme weight loss. Pseudoatrophic brain changes are often readily visible in individual brain scans, and AN may be a valuable model disorder to study structural neuroplasticity. Structural magnetic resonance imaging studies have found reduced gray matter volume and cortical thinning in acutely underweight patients to normalize following successful treatment. However, some well-controlled studies have found regionally greater gray matter and persistence of structural alterations following long-term recovery...
August 24, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967343/are-large-dinners-associated-with-excess-weight-and-does-eating-a-smaller-dinner-achieve-greater-weight-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Mackenzie Fong, Ian D Caterson, Claire D Madigan
There are suggestions that large evening meals are associated with greater BMI. This study reviewed systematically the association between evening energy intake and weight in adults and aimed to determine whether reducing evening intake achieves weight loss. Databases searched were MEDLINE, PubMed, Cinahl, Web of Science, Cochrane Library of Clinical Trials, EMBASE and SCOPUS. Eligible observational studies investigated the relationship between BMI and evening energy intake. Eligible intervention trials compared weight change between groups where the proportion of evening intake was manipulated...
October 2, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962602/project-teams-talking-about-eating-activity-and-mutual-support-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-theory-based-weight-loss-program-for-couples
#8
Amy A Gorin, Theodore A Powers, Katelyn Gettens, Talea Cornelius, Richard Koestner, Amy R Mobley, Linda Pescatello, Tania Huedo Medina
BACKGROUND: Obesity risk is shared between spouses, yet existing weight loss programs focus on individuals and not the marital dyad. Given the interdependence of weight in couples, weight management outcomes might be improved by targeting joint weight loss and the creation of an interpersonal milieu that supports long-term behavior change. According to Self-Determination Theory (SDT), greater autonomous self-regulation of behaviors, and subsequently better treatment outcomes, are observed in needs supportive environments in which personally meaningful choice is supported and criticism and control are minimized...
September 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953225/explicit-and-implicit-approach-vs-avoidance-tendencies-towards-high-vs-low-calorie-food-cues-in-patients-with-obesity-and-active-binge-eating-disorder
#9
Georgios Paslakis, Simone Kühn, Sebastian Grunert, Yesim Erim
Patients with binge eating disorder (BED) suffer from regular food binges with loss of control. This may be due to dysfunctional approach vs. avoidance tendencies towards food in BED. We applied an approach-avoidance task (AAT), in which n = 24 patients with obesity and active BED (OB-BED), n = 32 patients with obesity without current BED (OB), and n = 25 healthy controls (CO) either approached ("pulled") or avoided ("pushed") high (HC) vs. low calorie (LC) food pictures. We tested the hypothesis that OB-BED patients would show an approach bias (measured as different response times RT) towards HC food compared to the other groups...
September 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945463/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-are-associated-with-overeating-with-and-without-loss-of-control-in-youth-with-overweight-obesity
#10
Amy Heard Egbert, Denise E Wilfley, Kamryn T Eddy, Kerri N Boutelle, Nancy Zucker, Carol B Peterson, Angela Celio Doyle, Daniel Le Grange, Andrea B Goldschmidt
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and loss of control (LOC) eating, both prevalent in children and adolescents, may be related to one another. However, the relationship between ADHD and overeating without LOC has been largely unexamined, thus precluding an understanding of the independent contributions of LOC and episode size in these associations. The current study sought to examine associations between ADHD symptoms and maladaptive eating by evaluating three different types of eating episodes characterized by the presence/absence of LOC and the amount of food consumed: objectively large LOC episodes [objective binge eating (OBE)], subjectively large binge episodes [subjective binge eating (SBE)], and objectively large overeating episodes without LOC [objective overeating (OO)]...
September 25, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941206/depot-specific-response-of-adipose-tissue-to-diet-induced-inflammation-the-retinoid-related-orphan-receptor-%C3%AE-ror%C3%AE-involved
#11
Sarah Kadiri, Martine Auclair, Jacqueline Capeau, Bénédicte Antoine
OBJECTIVE: Epididymal adipose tissue (EAT), a visceral fat depot, is more closely associated with metabolic dysfunction than inguinal adipose tissue (IAT), a subcutaneous depot. This study evaluated whether the nuclear receptor RORα, which controls inflammatory processes, could be implicated. METHODS: EAT and IAT were compared in a RORα loss-of-function mouse (sg/sg) and in wild-type (WT) littermates, fed a standard diet (SD) or a Western diet (WD), to evaluate the impact of RORα expression on inflammatory status and on insulin sensitivity (IS) of each fat depot according to the diet...
September 20, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938473/the-role-of-episodic-postprandial-peptides-in-exercise-induced-compensatory-eating
#12
Catherine Gibbons, John E Blundell, Phillipa Caudwell, Dominic-Luc Webb, Per M Hellström, Erik Näslund, Graham Finlayson
Purpose: Prolonged physical activity gives rise to variable degrees of body weight and fat loss, and is associated with variability in appetite control (hunger and energy intake). Whether these effects are modulated by postprandial 'episodic' peptides is unclear. We examined the role of postprandial peptide response in compensatory eating during 12-weeks aerobic exercise and in response to high (HFLC) and low fat (LFHC) meals. Methods: 32 overweight/obese individuals - 16 completed 12-weeks aerobic exercise and 16 were age- and BMI-matched non-exercising controls...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929985/characterizing-trends-in-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-the-usa-by-self-report-and-by-supply-and-disappearance-data-2001-2014
#13
Zach Conrad, Kenneth Chui, Lisa Jahns, Christian J Peters, Timothy S Griffin
OBJECTIVE: To examine the comparability of fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake data in the USA from 2001 to 2014 between data acquired from two national data collection programmes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. Linear regression models estimated trends in daily per capita intake of total F&V. Pooled differences in intake of individual F&V (n 109) were examined by processing form (fresh, frozen, canned, dried and juice). SETTING: What We Eat in America (WWEIA, 2001-2014) and Loss-Adjusted Food Availability data series (LAFA, 2001-2014)...
September 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928073/timing-of-food-intake-sounding-the-alarm-about-metabolic-impairments-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Guglielmo Beccuti, Chiara Monagheddu, Andrea Evangelista, Giovannino Ciccone, Fabio Broglio, Soldati Laura, Simona Bo
Growing evidence points to an association between timing of food intake and obesity in humans, raising the question if when to eat matters as much as what and how much to eat. Based on the new definition of obesity as a chronobiological disease, an unusual or late meal timing represent a circadian chronodisruption, leading to metabolic impairments. Preliminary data from cross-sectional and experimental studies suggest that changes in meal timing can influence obesity and success of weight loss therapy, independently from total energy intake, dietary composition and estimated energy expenditure...
September 18, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917231/portion-controlled-ready-to-eat-meal-replacement-is-associated-with-short-term-weight-loss-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Rebecca Kuriyan, Deepa P Lokesh, Ninoshka D'Souza, Divya J Priscilla, Chandni Halcyon Peris, Sumithra Selvam, Anura V Kurpad
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Strategies to prevent and treat overweight/obesity are urgently needed. This study assessed the effect of a short-term intake of ready-to-eat cereal on body weight and waist circumference of overweight/obese individuals in comparison to a control group. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, controlled 2-arm trial was carried out on 101 overweight/obese (Body Mass Index - 29.2±2.4 kg/m2) females aged 18 to 44 years, at St. John's Medical College Hospital...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901678/improving-inhibitory-control-abilities-impulse-a-promising-approach-to-treat-impulsive-eating
#16
Hanna Preuss, Marlies Pinnow, Katja Schnicker, Tanja Legenbauer
Although there is preliminary evidence that inhibitory control training improves impulsive eating, less is known about the effects on eating behaviour and weight loss in clinical samples. Sixty-nine treatment-seeking adults with obesity (binge-eating disorder 33.3%; other specific feeding and eating disorders 40.6%) were randomly blockwise allocated to ImpulsE, an intervention to improve inhibitory control and emotion regulation abilities or a guideline-appropriate cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)-based treatment as usual...
September 13, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894291/neural-predictors-of-12-month-weight-loss-outcomes-following-bariatric-surgery
#17
L M Holsen, P Davidson, H Cerit, T Hye, P Moondra, F Haimovici, S Sogg, S Shikora, J M Goldstein, A E Evins, L E Stoeckel
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Despite the effectiveness of bariatric surgery, there is still substantial variability in long-term weight outcomes and few factors with predictive power to explain this variability. Neuroimaging may provide a novel biomarker with utility beyond other commonly used variables in bariatric surgery trials to improve prediction of long-term weight-loss outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on reward and cognitive control circuitry postsurgery and determine the extent to which baseline brain activity predicts weight loss at 12-month postsurgery...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891299/spatial-learning-responses-to-lipopolysaccharide-in-adult-and-aged-rats
#18
Barbara J Kupferschmid, Barbara A Therrien
Sickness behaviors, adaptive responses to infections, include lethargy, depression, reduced eating and grooming, and concentration problems resulting from interactions between the immune and neuroendocrine systems. Detecting these responses is especially critical in the elderly, as the infections that cause them can lead to cognitive impairment. While deficits in spatial learning, a hippocampal-dependent form of learning, are part of the sickness response, directional heading errors (DHEs; an indicator of spatial-learning deficits) and their time trajectories need further examination...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885896/a-systematic-review-of-electronic-mindfulness-based-therapeutic-interventions-for-weight-weight-related-behaviors-and-psychological-stress
#19
Lynnette Nathalie Lyzwinski, Liam Caffery, Matthew Bambling, Sisira Edirippulige
INTRODUCTION: Recent research indicates that mindfulness-based interventions are effective for stress, maladaptive weight-related behaviors, and weight loss. Little is presently known about their applicability and effectiveness when delivered electronically, including through Web-based and mobile device media. The primary aims of this review were to identify what types of electronic mindfulness-based interventions have been undertaken for stress, maladaptive weight-related behaviors, and weight loss, and to assess their overall effectiveness...
September 8, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882743/effectiveness-of-mobile-health-mhealth-interventions-for-promoting-healthy-eating-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Rebecca McCarroll, Helen Eyles, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
Unhealthy eating is a major risk factor for chronic disease. However, many current strategies to promote healthy eating are not sustainable over the longer-term. More cost-effective wide-reaching initiatives are urgently needed. Mobile health (mHealth) interventions, delivered via mobile devices, could provide a solution. This systematic review summarized the evidence on the effect of mHealth interventions for promoting healthy eating in adults. A comprehensive systematic search of five scientific databases was conducted using methods adapted from the Cochrane Handbook...
September 4, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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