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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923968/exploring-gender-differences-in-a-randomized-trial-of-weight-loss-maintenance
#1
Melissa M Crane, Robert W Jeffery, Nancy E Sherwood
The purpose of this study is to explore gender differences in reasons for losing weight, weight loss methods, and weight loss behaviors prior to and during a weight loss maintenance trial. This is a secondary analysis of data from a 24-month randomized controlled trial comparing Self-Directed or Guided phone-based weight loss maintenance interventions among adults who had intentionally lost ≥10% of their body weight in the year prior to enrollment. Participants reported their weight loss methods and reasons for recently losing weight at baseline...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923254/-influence-of-attachment-style-on-the-outcome-of-bariatric-surgery-a-pilot-study
#2
Johanna Elisabeth Appel, Franziska Ift, Hermann Kißler, Christof Kloos, Thomas Lehmann, Bernhard Strauß, Katharina Wick
Background: Bariatric surgery can lower body weight and comorbidities. Different factors might influence the outcome of this treatment. This pilot study examines whether patients' attachment style can influence surgical outcome. Methods: The sample consisted of 32 patients (f=24; m=8; BMI preoperative=47,8 kg/m(2)±5,2; age=53±9,84) who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The following variables were assessed pre- and postoperatively via questionnaires: quality of life (BAROS), self esteem (SES), depression, anxiety, psychological distress (SCL-90R), feelings of hunger, cognitive control, irritated eating behaviour (FEV) and weight related variables (BMI, EWL%, EBL%, TBL)...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915379/nr2a-and-nr2b-nmda-receptors-and-drebrin-within-postsynaptic-spines-of-the-hippocampus-correlate-with-hunger-evoked-exercise
#3
Yi-Wen Chen, Hannah Actor-Engel, Ang Doma Sherpa, Lauren Klingensmith, Tara G Chowdhury, Chiye Aoki
Hunger evokes foraging. This innate response can be quantified as voluntary wheel running following food restriction (FR). Paradoxically, imposing severe FR evokes voluntary FR, as some animals choose to run rather than eat, even during limited periods of food availability. This phenomenon, called activity-based anorexia (ABA), has been used to identify brain changes associated with FR and excessive exercise (EX), two core symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN), and to explore neurobiological bases of AN vulnerability...
December 3, 2016: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914473/effectiveness-of-enhanced-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-cbt-e-for-eating-disorders-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Martie de Jong, Kees Korrelboom, Iris van der Meer, Mathijs Deen, Hans W Hoek, Philip Spinhoven
BACKGROUND: While eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) is the most common eating disorder (ED) diagnosis in routine clinical practice, no specific treatment methods for this diagnosis have yet been developed and studied. Enhanced cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-E) has been described and put to the test as a transdiagnostic treatment protocol for all EDs, including EDNOS. Initial research in the UK suggests that CBT-E is more effective for EDs, especially bulimia nervosa (BN) and EDNOS, than the earlier version of CBT...
December 3, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914028/suboptimal-weight-loss-and-weight-regain-after-gastric-bypass-surgery-postoperative-status-of-energy-intake-eating-behavior-physical-activity-and-psychometrics
#5
Tina Amundsen, Magnus Strømmen, Catia Martins
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal weight loss (SWL) and weight regain (WR) after gastric bypass surgery (GB) remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare GB patients experiencing SWL or significant WR (SigWR) with successful controls, regarding postoperative food intake, eating behavior, physical activity (PA), and psychometrics. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with >1 year post-surgery were classified as either experiencing SWL (excess body weight loss, EWL, <50%, n = 22) or SigWR (total weight regain ≥15%, n = 38), with respective control groups...
December 2, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913121/loss-of-control-eating-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-surgery
#6
Valentina Ivezaj, Erin E Kessler, Janet A Lydecker, Rachel D Barnes, Marney A White, Carlos M Grilo
BACKGROUND: Postoperative loss-of-control (LOC) eating is related to poorer weight loss outcomes after bariatric surgery, but little is known about LOC eating after sleeve gastrectomy surgery. OBJECTIVES: To examine LOC eating severity and weight loss after sleeve gastrectomy SETTING: University School of Medicine, United States METHODS: Participants were 71 individuals (84.5% female; n = 60) who underwent sleeve gastrectomy surgery within the previous 4 to 9 months and reported LOC eating at least once weekly during the previous 28 days...
October 1, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899807/does-the-incorporation-of-portion-control-strategies-in-a-behavioral-program-improve-weight-loss-in-a-one-year-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
B J Rolls, L S Roe, B L James, C E Sanchez
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Controlling food portion sizes can help reduce energy intake, but the effect of different portion-control methods on weight management is not known. In a one-year randomized trial, we tested whether the efficacy of a behavioral weight-loss program was improved by incorporating either of two portion-control strategies instead of standard advice about eating less. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The Portion-Control Strategies Trial included 186 women with obesity (81%) or overweight (19%)...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894714/conceptualizing-and-studying-binge-and-loss-of-control-eating-in-bariatric-surgery-patients-time-for-a-paradigm-shift
#8
REVIEW
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Eva M Conceição, J Graham Thomas, James E Mitchell, Hollie A Raynor, Dale S Bond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891164/a-low-carbohydrate-high-fat-diet-decreases-lean-mass-and-impairs-cardiac-function-in-pair-fed-female-c57bl-6j-mice
#9
Jessica Nilsson, Madelene Ericsson, Masoumeh Motamedi Joibari, Fredrick Anderson, Leif Carlsson, Stefan K Nilsson, Anna Sjödin, Jonas Burén
BACKGROUND: Excess body fat is a major health issue and a risk factor for the development of numerous chronic diseases. Low-carbohydrate diets like the Atkins Diet are popular for rapid weight loss, but the long-term consequences remain the subject of debate. The Scandinavian low-carbohydrate high-fat (LCHF) diet, which has been popular in Scandinavian countries for about a decade, has very low carbohydrate content (~5 E %) but is rich in fat and includes a high proportion of saturated fatty acids...
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890474/an-exploratory-study-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-emotional-eating
#10
Emily Levoy, Asimina Lazaridou, Judson Brewer, Carl Fulwiler
Emotional eating is an important predictor of weight loss and weight regain after weight loss. This two part study's primary aim was to explore changes in emotional eating in a general population of individuals taking the Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program, with a secondary aim to explore whether changes in mindfulness predicted changes in emotional eating. Self-reported survey data exploring these questions were collected before and after the intervention for two sequential studies (Study 1 and Study 2)...
November 24, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882998/dopamine-and-opioid-neurotransmission-in-behavioral-addictions-a-comparative-pet-study-in-pathological-gambling-and-binge-eating
#11
Joonas Majuri, Juho Joutsa, Jarkko Johansson, Valerie Voon, Kati Alakurtti, Riitta Parkkola, Tuuli Lahti, Hannu Alho, Jussi Hirvonen, Eveliina Arponen, Sarita Forsback, Valtteri Kaasinen
Although behavioral addictions share many clinical features with drug addictions, they show strikingly large variation in their behavioral phenotypes (such as in uncontrollable gambling or eating). Neurotransmitter function in behavioral addictions is poorly understood but has important implications in understanding its relationship with substance use disorders and underlying mechanisms of therapeutic efficacy. Here, we compare opioid and dopamine function between two behavioral addiction phenotypes: pathological gambling (PG) and binge eating disorder (BED)...
November 24, 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878873/the-effects-of-spaced-retrieval-training-in-improving-hyperphagia-of-people-living-with-dementia-in-residential-settings
#12
Chia-Ning Hsu, Li-Chan Lin, Shiao-Chi Wu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of spaced retrieval for improving hyperphagia in patients with dementia in residential care settings. BACKGROUND: Although 10-30% of patients with dementia have hyperphagia, most studies have focused on eating difficulties. Only a few studies have focused on hyperphagia. Various memory problems cause hyperphagia in patients with dementia. Spaced retrieval (SR), a cognitive technique for information learning, can be used as a training method to improve memory loss...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875790/vaping-to-lose-weight-predictors-of-adult-e-cigarette-use-for-weight-loss-or-control
#13
Meghan E Morean, Amelia V Wedel
INTRODUCTION: Some traditional cigarette smokers are motivated to smoke to lose weight or control their weight. The current study evaluated whether a subset of adult e-cigarette users reported vaping to lose or control their weight and examined potential predictors of vaping for weight management. METHODS: Adult e-cigarette users (n=459) who reported wanting to lose weight or maintain their weight completed an anonymous online survey. Participants reported on demographics, vaping frequency, e-cigarette nicotine content, cigarette smoking status, preferred e-cigarette/e-liquid flavors, current weight status (i...
October 24, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870754/framed-interactive-theory-driven-texting-effects-of-message-framing-on-health-behavior-change-for-weight-loss
#14
Anne Cohen, Alyssa Perozich, Radha Rajan, Susan Persky, Jeanine Parisi, Janice Bowie, Jenna Fahle, Jeremy Cho, Aravind Krishnan, Zoe Cohen, Adaora Ezike, Cara Schulte, Jarrett Taylor, Douglas Storey, Rafay Syed Ahmed, Lawrence J Cheskin
More approaches to support weight control are needed, especially among racial minorities who shoulder a disproportionate obesity burden. Using an approach influenced by regulatory fit theory, we conducted a 28-day, 4-arm experimental trial with 89 obese adults recruited from urban, predominantly African American churches to ascertain the efficacy of framed text messages to motivate behaviors conducive to weight loss. Participants were assigned to receive message framing that was matched versus mismatched to their motivational orientation...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866012/differential-activation-of-the-frontal-pole-to-high-vs-low-calorie-foods-the-neural-basis-of-food-preference-in-anorexia-nervosa
#15
Jessica C Scaife, Lauren R Godier, Andrea Reinecke, Catherine J Harmer, Rebecca J Park
Neuroimaging studies in anorexia nervosa (AN) suggest that altered food reward processing may result from dysfunction in both limbic reward and cortical control centers of the brain. This fMRI study aimed to index the neural correlates of food reward in a subsample of individuals with restrictive AN: twelve currently ill, fourteen recovered individuals and sixteen healthy controls. Participants were shown pictures of high and low-calorie foods and asked to evaluate how much they wanted to eat each one following a four hour fast...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862826/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-adults-who-are-overweight-or-obese-a-meta-analysis-of-physical-and-psychological-health-outcomes
#16
REVIEW
Jeffrey M Rogers, Madeleine Ferrari, Kylie Mosely, Cathryne P Lang, Leah Brennan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of mindfulness-based interventions on psychological and physical health outcomes in adults who are overweight or obese. METHODS: We searched 14 electronic databases for randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies that met eligibility criteria. Comprehensive Meta-analysis software was used to compute the effect size estimate Hedge's g. RESULTS: Fifteen studies measuring post-treatment outcomes of mindfulness-based interventions in 560 individuals were identified...
January 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845255/loss-of-lateral-prefrontal-cortex-control-in-food-directed-attention-and-goal-directed-food-choice-in-obesity
#17
Lieneke K Janssen, Iris Duif, Ilke van Loon, Joost Wegman, Jeanne H M de Vries, Roshan Cools, Esther Aarts
Loss of lateral prefrontal cortex (lPFC)-mediated attentional control may explain the automatic tendency to eat in the face of food. Here, we investigate the neurocognitive mechanism underlying attentional bias to food words and its association with obesity using a food Stroop task. We tested 76 healthy human subjects with a wide body mass index (BMI) range (19-35kg/m(2)) using fMRI. As a measure of obesity we calculated individual obesity scores based on BMI, waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio using principal component analyses...
November 11, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842526/loss-to-follow-up-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study-for-pediatric-weight-management-epoc
#18
Petra Warschburger, Katja Kröller
BACKGROUND: Attrition is a serious problem in intervention studies. The current study analyzed the attrition rate during follow-up in a randomized controlled pediatric weight management program (EPOC study) within a tertiary care setting. METHODS: Five hundred twenty-three parents and their 7-13-year-old children with obesity participated in the randomized controlled intervention trial. Follow-up data were assessed 6 and 12 months after the end of treatment. Attrition was defined as providing no objective weight data...
November 14, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836532/controlled-pilot-study-of-high-impact-low-frequency-exercise-on-bone-loss-and-vital-sign-stabilization-in-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#19
Susanne P K Martin, Laura K Bachrach, Neville H Golden
PURPOSE: Adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) face an increased lifetime risk of bone fragility. This randomized controlled study examined the efficacy and safety of a high-impact activity program on markers of bone turnover and stabilization of vital signs (VSS). METHODS: Forty-one hospitalized adolescents with AN were randomly assigned to routine care or routine care plus 20 jumps twice daily. Bone markers were measured at baseline days 1-3 (T1), days 4-6 (T2), and days 7-9 (T3)...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833048/the-effects-of-intermittent-compared-to-continuous-energy-restriction-on-glycaemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-a-pragmatic-pilot-trial
#20
S Carter, P M Clifton, J B Keogh
AIMS: Weight loss improves glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, as achieving and maintaining weight loss is difficult, alternative strategies are needed. Our primary aim was to investigate the effects of intermittent energy restriction (IER) compared to continuous energy restriction (CER) on glycated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). Secondary aims were to assess effects on weight loss, body composition, medication changes and subjective measures of appetite. Using a 2-day IER method, we expected equal improvements to HbA1c and weight in both groups...
October 19, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
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