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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453590/attribution-of-weight-regain-to-emotional-reasons-amongst-european-adults-with-overweight-and-obesity-who-regained-weight-following-a-weight-loss-attempt
#1
Kirby Sainsbury, Elizabeth H Evans, Susanne Pedersen, Marta M Marques, Pedro J Teixeira, Liisa Lähteenmäki, R James Stubbs, Berit L Heitmann, Falko F Sniehotta
PURPOSE: Despite the wide availability of effective weight loss programmes, maintenance of weight loss remains challenging. Difficulties in emotion regulation are associated with binge eating and may represent one barrier to long-term intervention effectiveness in obesity. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between emotion regulation difficulties and the extent of weight regain in a sample of adults who had lost, and then regained, weight, and to examine the characteristics associated with emotional difficulties...
February 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446036/mindfulness-approaches-and-weight-loss-weight-maintenance-and-weight-regain
#2
REVIEW
Carolyn Dunn, Megan Haubenreiser, Madison Johnson, Kelly Nordby, Surabhi Aggarwal, Sarah Myer, Cathy Thomas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is an urgent need for effective weight management techniques, as more than one third of US adults are overweight or obese. Recommendations for weight loss include a combination of reducing caloric intake, increasing physical activity, and behavior modification. Behavior modification includes mindful eating or eating with awareness. The purpose of this review was to summarize the literature and examine the impact of mindful eating on weight management. RECENT FINDINGS: The practice of mindful eating has been applied to the reduction of food cravings, portion control, body mass index, and body weight...
February 14, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443421/diabetes-uk-evidence-based-nutrition-guidelines-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-diabetes
#3
P A Dyson, D Twenefour, C Breen, A Duncan, E Elvin, L Goff, A Hill, P Kalsi, N Marsland, P McCardle, D Mellor, L Oliver, K Watson
A summary of the latest evidence-based nutrition guidelines for the prevention and management of diabetes is presented. These guidelines are based on existing recommendations last published in 2011, and were formulated by an expert panel of specialist dietitians after a literature review of recent evidence. Recommendations have been made in terms of foods rather than nutrients wherever possible. Guidelines for education and care delivery, prevention of Type 2 diabetes, glycaemic control for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease risk management, management of diabetes-related complications, other considerations including comorbidities, nutrition support, pregnancy and lactation, eating disorders, micronutrients, food supplements, functional foods, commercial diabetic foods and nutritive and non-nutritive sweeteners are included...
February 14, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439252/psychosocial-pretreatment-predictors-of-weight-control-a-systematic-review-update
#4
Eliana V Carraça, Inês Santos, Jutta Mata, Pedro J Teixeira
OBJECTIVE: Systematically identifying pretreatment characteristics that predict successful weight management is important to improve intervention efficacy and clinical practice. This study provides a comprehensive update of a 2005 review on pretreatment predictors of successful weight management. METHODS: Results of 37 recent original studies from peer-reviewed journals were merged with the results from the 2005 review. A critical appraisal of the 66 studies included was provided, and meta-analyses were performed when feasible...
February 14, 2018: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430616/cognitive-control-of-eating-the-role-of-memory-in-appetite-and-weight-gain
#5
Suzanne Higgs, Maartje S Spetter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review organises the recent literature on the role of memory in eating behaviours and provides an overview of the current evidence relating to the associations between memory and weight gain. RECENT FINDINGS: Research over the last few years has highlighted working memory as an important cognitive process that underpins many aspects of appetite control. Recent work on episodic memory and appetite has replicated work showing that manipulating memory for recent eating affects later consumption and extended this work to examine associations between individual differences in memory and eating behaviours...
February 12, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415851/knowledge-about-nutrition-eating-habits-and-weight-reduction-intervention-among-methadone-maintenance-treatment-patients
#6
Anat Sason, Miriam Adelson, Sarit Herzman-Harari, Einat Peles
Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) patients are often under-nourished and overweight. The impact of a nutrition intervention program to improve knowledge about healthy food habits and losing weight was studied. Patients were screened for knowledge about nutrition and body mass index (BMI). Those with a low knowledge score or a BMI ≥26 (n=89) were randomly divided into either intervention (two lectures on healthy nutrition followed by weight monitoring over 6weeks), or controls (weighed at baseline, post-lectures and at study closure)...
March 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411242/predictors-of-binge-eating-among-bariatric-surgery-candidates-disinhibition-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-depressive-symptoms-and-binge-eating
#7
Stephanie Cox, Cassie Brode
BACKGROUND: Current and lifetime psychopathology is common in adult patients seeking bariatric surgery, with major depressive disorder and binge eating disorder affecting a higher proportion of this group than the general population. While depressive symptoms have been previously associated with eating pathology, potential mediators of this relationship are not well understood. METHODS: This study used a naturalistic, retrospective design to investigate cognitive and behavioral aspects of eating behavior (cognitive restraint, disinhibition, and hunger) as potential mediators of the relationship between depressive symptoms and binge eating within a sample of 119 adult patients (82...
February 7, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411241/binge-eating-loss-of-control-over-eating-emotional-eating-and-night-eating-after-bariatric-surgery-results-from-the-toronto-bari-psych-cohort-study
#8
Yasmin Nasirzadeh, Karin Kantarovich, Susan Wnuk, Allan Okrainec, Stephanie E Cassin, Raed Hawa, Sanjeev Sockalingam
OBJECTIVES: We explored the severity of binge eating, loss of control over eating, emotional eating, and night eating before bariatric surgery and annually for 3 years following surgery. We also assessed the impact of post-operative eating psychopathology on weight outcomes. METHODS: Eight hundred forty-four patients participated in this prospective cohort study. Demographic factors, self-report measures of eating pathology (BES, NEQ, EES, EDE-Q), and weights (kg) were collected pre-surgery and annually for 3 years after surgery...
February 6, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407527/mindfulness-and-laboratory-eating-behavior-in-adolescent-girls-at-risk-for-type-2-diabetes
#9
Shelly K Annameier, Nichole R Kelly, Amber B Courville, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Jack A Yanovski, Lauren B Shomaker
Mindfulness-based intervention has become increasingly popular to address disinhibited eating in obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Theoretically, present-moment attention promotes the ability to recognize and respond to internal hunger cues and to differentiate physiological hunger from other stimuli. Yet, there is limited research describing the relationship of mindfulness with disinhibited eating patterns in adolescents. In this study, we evaluated the relationship of dispositional mindfulness to laboratory eating in 107 adolescent (12-17 years) girls at risk for T2D...
January 30, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407005/would-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-have-efficacy-in-binge-eating-disorder-and-bulimia-nervosa-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#10
Susan L McElroy, Nicole Mori, Anna I Guerdjikova, Paul E Keck
Binge eating, eating an abnormally large amount of food in a discrete period of time with a sense of loss of control over eating, is a defining feature of the eating disorders binge eating disorder (BED) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Both BED and BN are important public health problems for which there are few medical treatments. However, almost all drugs with central nervous system-mediated weight loss properties studied thus far in randomized, placebo-controlled trials in persons with BED or BN have been efficacious for reducing binge eating behavior...
February 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398571/turning-the-waiting-room-into-a-classroom-weekly-classes-using-a-vegan-or-a-portion-controlled-eating-plan-improve-diabetes-control-in-a-randomized-translational-study
#11
Neal D Barnard, Susan M Levin, Lise Gloede, Rosendo Flores
BACKGROUND: In research settings, plant-based (vegan) eating plans improve diabetes management, typically reducing weight, glycemia, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations to a greater extent than has been shown with portion-controlled eating plans. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to test whether similar benefits could be found using weekly nutrition classes in a typical endocrinology practice, hypothesizing that a vegan eating plan would improve glycemic control, weight, lipid concentrations, blood pressure, and renal function and would do so more effectively than a portion-controlled eating plan...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389157/weight-and-weight-control-behaviors-of-latinas-and-their-social-ties
#12
Becky Marquez, Gregory J Norman, James H Fowler, Kim M Gans, Bess H Marcus
OBJECTIVE: Shared behaviors have been implicated in the clustering of obesity among socially connected people. This study determined how weight and weight control behaviors of participants and their social ties are related and how these factors are associated with weight change in participants. METHOD: Adult Latinas participating in a lifestyle intervention completed an egocentric network measure of weight and weight control behaviors. Participant weight was objectively measured at baseline and 12 months...
February 1, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384463/emotion-dysregulation-across-the-spectrum-of-pathological-eating-comparisons-among-women-with-binge-eating-overeating-and-loss-of-control-eating
#13
Sarah E Racine, Sarah A Horvath
Emotion regulation difficulties influence the etiology and maintenance of binge eating and eating disorders, but differential associations between emotion dysregulation and objective binge eating (OBE) components have not been examined. We compared emotion dysregulation dimensions in women with OBEs (n = 27), overeating only (n = 25), loss of control (LOC) only (n = 32), or no pathological eating (n = 137). Women with OBEs had significantly more difficulty with overall emotion dysregulation, access to strategies, and impulse control when upset than other groups...
January 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384462/an-open-trial-targeting-emotional-eating-among-adolescents-with-overweight-or-obesity
#14
Kerri N Boutelle, Abby Braden, Stephanie Knatz-Peck, Leslie K Anderson, Kyung E Rhee
Emotional eating is associated with obesity and disordered eating in adolescents, and thus, is an important target for treatment. We developed a program called PEER (Preventing Emotional Eating Routines), which incorporates emotion regulation skills with behavioral weight loss and parenting techniques for adolescents who are overweight or obese (OW/OB) and their parent. This open label trial evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of the PEER program. Thirty adolescents who were OW/OB (86...
January 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378769/neuropsychiatric-and-metabolic-aspects-of-dopaminergic-therapy-perspectives-from-an-endocrinologist-and-a-psychiatrist
#15
Anastasia P Athanasoulia-Kaspar, Kathrin H Popp, Gunter K Stalla
The dopaminergic treatment represents the primary treatment in prolactinomas which are the most common pituitary adenomas and account for about 40% of all pituitary tumours with an annual incidence of six to ten cases per million population. The dopaminergic treatment includes ergot and non ergot derivatives with high affinity for the dopamine receptors D1 or/and D2. Through the activation of the dopaminergic pathway on pituitary lactotrophs, the dopamine agonists inhibit the prolactin synthesis and secretion, therefore normalizing the prolactin levels and restoring eugonadism, but also lead to tumour shrinkage...
January 29, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370983/naturally-thin-you-weight-loss-and-psychological-symptoms-after-a-six-week-online-clinical-eft-emotional-freedom-techniques-course
#16
Dawson Church, Peta Stapleton, Lily Sheppard, Brett Carter
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Traditional methods of delivering therapeutic interventions have increasingly been supplemented by online courses. The current study investigated the effects of Clinical EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) in 76 participants enrolled in a six-week online course called Naturally Thin You. Weight, restraint, the power of food in the external environment, happiness, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms were assessed before and after the course and at one-year follow-up...
December 21, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370795/preparing-for-a-trial-to-test-a-postpartum-weight-retention-intervention-among-low-income-women-feasibility-of-a-protocol-in-a-community-based-organization
#17
Charmaine Wright, Marjie Mogul, Glamarys Acevedo, Jaya Aysola, Florence Momplaisir, Sandy Schwartz, Judy Shea
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) causes intergenerational harm, negatively affecting a mother's cardiovascular health and ability to have future healthy pregnancies. Low-income minority women are at highest risk for PPWR with little guidance concerning timeline or strategy to lose weight after delivery. An academic-community partnership conducted observational and focus group work to develop an intervention for PPWR among low-income mothers. This study's objective is to determine the feasibility of implementing a PPWR intervention trial in partnership with a community-based organization (CBO) serving low-income families with social service support...
January 25, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366932/a-systematic-review-of-attentional-biases-in-disorders-involving-binge-eating
#18
REVIEW
Monika Stojek, Lisa M Shank, Anna Vannucci, Diana M Bongiorno, Eric E Nelson, Andrew J Waters, Scott G Engel, Kerri N Boutelle, Daniel S Pine, Jack A Yanovski, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff
OBJECTIVE: Attentional bias (AB) may be one mechanism contributing to the development and/or maintenance of disordered eating. AB has traditionally been measured using reaction time in response to a stimulus. Novel methods for AB measurement include eye tracking to measure visual fixation on a stimulus, and electroencephalography to measure brain activation in response to a stimulus. This systematic review summarizes, critiques, and integrates data on AB gathered using the above-mentioned methods in those with binge eating behaviors, including binge eating, loss of control eating, and bulimia nervosa...
January 20, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365284/obesity-body-weight-regulation-and-the-brain-insights-from-fmri
#19
Janine M Makaronidis, Rachel L Batterham
Obesity constitutes a major global health threat. Despite the success of bariatric surgery in delivering sustainable weight loss and improvement in obesity-related morbidity, effective non-surgical treatments are urgently needed, necessitating an increased understanding of body weight regulation. Neuroimaging studies undertaken in people with healthy weight, overweight, obesity and following bariatric surgery have contributed to identifying the neurophysiological changes seen in obesity and are increasing our understanding of the mechanisms driving the favourable eating behaviour changes and sustained weight loss engendered by bariatric surgery...
January 24, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357313/addressing-people-and-place-microenvironments-in-weight-loss-disparities-app-me-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-testing-timely-messages-for-weight-loss-behavior-in-low-income-black-and-white-women
#20
Daniel O Clark, Preethi Srinivas, Kunal Bodke, NiCole Keith, Sula Hood, Wanzhu Tu
BACKGROUND: Behavioral interventions for weight loss have been less effective in lower income and black women. These poorer outcomes may in part be related to these women having more frequent exposures to social and physical situations that are obesogenic, i.e., eating and sedentary cues or situations. OBJECTIVES: Working with obese, lower income Black and White Women, Addressing People and Place Microenvironments (APP-Me) was designed to create awareness of self-behavior at times and places of frequent eating and sedentary behavior...
January 18, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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