keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Loss of control eat

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304341/the-efficacy-of-psychological-therapies-in-reducing-weight-and-binge-eating-in-people-with-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-who-are-overweight-or-obese-a-critical-synthesis-and-meta-analyses
#1
REVIEW
Marly Amorim Palavras, Phillipa Hay, Celso Alves Dos Santos Filho, Angélica Claudino
Recurrent binge eating episodes, the core feature of Bulimia Nervosa (BN) and Binge Eating Disorder (BED), are frequently comorbid with obesity. Psychological interventions, notably Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), are effective for binge eating reduction in BED or BN but less so for weight loss. Behavioural Weight Loss Therapy (BWLT) shows effectiveness for binge eating reduction and weight loss but the latter appears poorly sustained over time. Our aim was to review evidence for efficacy of psychological therapies for BN/BED associated with overweight or obesity in reducing binge frequency and weight...
March 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294985/effects-of-a-diet-based-weight-reducing-program-with-probiotic-supplementation-on-satiety-efficiency-eating-behaviour-traits-and-psychosocial-behaviours-in-obese-individuals
#2
Marina Sanchez, Christian Darimont, Shirin Panahi, Vicky Drapeau, André Marette, Valerie H Taylor, Jean Doré, Angelo Tremblay
This study evaluated the impact of probiotic supplementation (Lactobacillus rhamnosus CGMCC1.3724 (LPR)) on appetite sensations and eating behaviors in the context of a weight-reducing program. Obese men (n = 45) and women (n = 60) participated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial that included a 12-week weight loss period (Phase 1) based on moderate energy restriction, followed by 12 weeks of weight maintenance (Phase 2). During the two phases of the program, each subject consumed two capsules per day of either a placebo or a LPR formulation (10 mg of LPR equivalent to 1...
March 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281136/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-dietary-lapses-across-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment-characteristics-predictors-and-relationships-with-weight-change
#3
Evan M Forman, Leah M Schumacher, Ross Crosby, Stephanie M Manasse, Stephanie P Goldstein, Meghan L Butryn, Emily P Wyckoff, J Graham Thomas
BACKGROUND: Adherence to dietary prescriptions is critical for successful weight loss and weight loss maintenance. However, research on specific instances of inadherence (lapses) is limited, and findings regarding the frequency, nature, and causes of lapses are mixed. Additionally, no studies have examined lapses over the course of a weight loss program. PURPOSE: In the context of a reduced calorie diet prescribed as part of a behavioral treatment, we aimed to characterize lapse occurrence, examine lapse frequency across treatment, examine predictors of lapses, and assess the relationship between lapses and weight loss...
March 9, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266779/effects-of-once-weekly-semaglutide-on-appetite-energy-intake-control-of-eating-food-preference-and-body-weight-in-subjects-with-obesity
#4
John Blundell, Graham Finlayson, Mads Buhl Axelsen, Anne Flint, Catherine Gibbons, Trine Kvist, Julie Hjerpsted
AIM: To investigate the mechanism of action for body weight loss with semaglutide. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-period crossover trial investigated the effects of 12 weeks treatment with once-weekly subcutaneous semaglutide, dose-escalated to 1.0 mg, in 30 subjects with obesity. Ad libitum energy intake, ratings of appetite, thirst, nausea and well-being, control of eating, food preference, resting metabolic rate, body weight and body composition were assessed...
March 7, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265869/portion-size-latest-developments-and-interventions
#5
REVIEW
Ingrid Steenhuis, Maartje Poelman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to provide an overview of (1) underlying mechanisms of the effect of portion size on energy intake, (2) external factors explaining the portion size effect and (3) interventions and measurements aimed at food portion size. RECENT FINDINGS: Previous studies have shown that portion sizes have increased in recent decades. Many experimental studies have been conducted to unravel the mechanisms underlying the portion-size effect on food intake (e...
March 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258827/impulsivity-predicts-weight-loss-after-obesity-surgery
#6
Myutan Kulendran, Leah Borovoi, Sanjay Purkayastha, Ara Darzi, Ivo Vlaev
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence that executive function, and specifically inhibitory control, is related to obesity and eating behavior. The goal of this study was to determine whether personality traits and inhibitory control predict weight loss after bariatric procedures. Although the impressive weight reduction after bariatric surgery has been shown in short- and medium-term studies, the effect of personality traits on this reduction is uncertain. Specifically, the effect of impulsivity is still largely unknown...
January 4, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254531/oleoylethanolamide-a-fat-ally-in-the-fight-against-obesity
#7
REVIEW
Jacob D Brown, Elnaz Karimian Azari, Julio E Ayala
Obesity is a pandemic, gateway disease that has thrived in modern, sedentary, high calorie-eating societies. Left unchecked, obesity and obesity-related diseases will continue to plague future generations with heavy burdens on economies, healthcare systems, and the quality of life of billions. There is a significant need to elucidate basic physiological mechanisms and therapies that address this global health care crisis. Oleoylethanolamide (OEA) is an endocannabinoid-like lipid that induces hypophagia and reduces fat mass in rodents...
February 27, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250848/tissue-specific-methylation-profile-in-obese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-before-and-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#8
REVIEW
Priscila Sala, Raquel Susana Matos de Miranda Torrinhas, Danielle Cristina Fonseca, Graziela Rosa Ravacci, Dan Linetzky Waitzberg, Daniel Giannella-Neto
Eating habits, lifestyles, and exposure to specific environmental factors can greatly impact the risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D), influence the genome epigenetically, and affect the expression of genes, including genes related to glycemic control, at any stage of life. The epigenetic mechanism underlying obesity and T2D pathogenesis remains poorly understood. Conventional strategies for the treatment of obesity and its comorbidities often have poor long-term adherence, and pharmacological interventions are limited...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248991/limbic-thalamo-cortical-projections-and-reward-related-circuitry-integrity-affects-eating-behavior-a-longitudinal-dti-study-in-adolescents-with-restrictive-eating-disorders
#9
Gaia Olivo, Lyle Wiemerslage, Ingemar Swenne, Christina Zhukowsky, Helena Salonen-Ros, Elna-Marie Larsson, Santino Gaudio, Samantha J Brooks, Helgi B Schiöth
Few studies have used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to investigate the micro-structural alterations of WM in patients with restrictive eating disorders (rED), and longitudinal data are lacking. Twelve patients with rED were scanned at diagnosis and after one year of family-based treatment, and compared to twenty-four healthy controls (HCs) through DTI analysis. A tract-based spatial statistics procedure was used to investigate diffusivity parameters: fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean, radial and axial diffusivities (MD, RD and AD, respectively)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243838/psychological-aspects-of-bariatric-surgery-as-a-treatment-for-obesity
#10
REVIEW
Sandra Jumbe, Claire Hamlet, Jane Meyrick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Little is known about the psychological effects on life after bariatric surgery despite the high prevalence of psychological disorders in candidates seeking this procedure. Our review discusses the literature around the psychological impact of bariatric surgery, exploring whether the procedure addresses underlying psychological conditions that can lead to morbid obesity and the effect on eating behaviour postoperatively. RECENT FINDINGS: Findings show that despite undisputed significant weight loss and improvements in comorbidities, current literature suggests some persisting disorder in psychological outcomes like depression and body image for patients at longer term follow-up, compared to control groups...
February 27, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240625/association-between-cardiovascular-risk-and-depressive-symptoms-among-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#11
John A Naslund, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Sarah I Pratt, Matthew C Lohman, Emily A Scherer, Gregory J McHugo, Lisa A Marsch, Jürgen Unützer, Stephen J Bartels
Depressive symptoms have debilitating effects on the physical health and functioning of people with serious mental illness. We examined change in depressive symptoms among overweight and obese adults with serious mental illness (n = 343) using data combined from two randomized trials comparing the 12-month In SHAPE program to a gym membership control condition. In SHAPE consists of a gym membership, weekly individual meetings with a fitness trainer, and instruction on healthy eating and nutrition. Depressive symptoms were measured at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238839/postpartum-weight-loss-in-overweight-and-obese-women-using-the-etonogestrel-subdermal-implant-a-pilot-study
#12
Leanne Griffin, Cassing Hammond, Dachao Liu, Alfred W Rademaker, Jessica Kiley
OBJECTIVE: To compare weight loss during the first 6months postpartum in overweight and obese women using the etonogestrel-implant, placed in the immediate postpartum period, with that of controls using non-hormonal contraception, utilizing a pilot design. STUDY DESIGN: Pilot, prospective cohort study. Analysis groups were divided by body mass index (BMI) (Overweight: 25-29.9kg/m(2); Class I Obesity: 30-34.5kg/m(2); Class II Obesity: 35-39.9kg/m(2)) and grouped by use of etonogestrel implant or non-hormonal contraception for all outcomes...
February 24, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229895/impulse-control-disorders-and-levodopa-induced-dyskinesias-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-update
#13
REVIEW
Valerie Voon, T Celeste Napier, Michael J Frank, Veronique Sgambato-Faure, Anthony A Grace, Maria Rodriguez-Oroz, Jose Obeso, Erwan Bezard, Pierre-Olivier Fernagut
Dopaminergic medications used in the treatment of patients with Parkinson's disease are associated with motor and non-motor behavioural side-effects, such as dyskinesias and impulse control disorders also known as behavioural addictions. Levodopa-induced dyskinesias occur in up to 80% of patients with Parkinson's after a few years of chronic treatment. Impulse control disorders, including gambling disorder, binge eating disorder, compulsive sexual behaviour, and compulsive shopping occur in about 17% of patients with Parkinson's disease on dopamine agonists...
March 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229538/biological-control-of-appetite-a-daunting-complexity
#14
Paul S MacLean, John E Blundell, Julie A Mennella, Rachel L Batterham
OBJECTIVE: This review summarizes a portion of the discussions of an NIH Workshop (Bethesda, MD, 2015) titled "Self-Regulation of Appetite-It's Complicated," which focused on the biological aspects of appetite regulation. METHODS: This review summarizes the key biological inputs of appetite regulation and their implications for body weight regulation. RESULTS: These discussions offer an update of the long-held, rigid perspective of an "adipocentric" biological control, taking a broader view that also includes important inputs from the digestive tract, from lean mass, and from the chemical sensory systems underlying taste and smell...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226308/preliminary-examination-of-metabolic-syndrome-response-to-motivational-interviewing-for-weight-loss-as-compared-to-an-attentional-control-and-usual-care-in-primary-care-for-individuals-with-and-without-binge-eating-disorder
#15
Rachel D Barnes, Jessica A Barber
Motivational interviewing (MI) treatment for weight loss is being studied in primary care. The effect of such interventions on metabolic syndrome or binge eating disorder (BED), both highly related to excess weight, has not been examined in primary care. This study conducted secondary analyses from a randomized controlled trial to test the impact of MI for weight loss in primary care on metabolic syndrome. 74 adult participants with overweight/obesity recruited through primary care were randomized to 12weeks of either MI, an attentional control, or usual care...
February 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212353/effect%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-fibre%C3%A2-supplementation%C3%A2-on%C3%A2-body%C3%A2-weight%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-composition-%C3%A2-frequency%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-eating%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-dietary%C3%A2-choice%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-overweight%C3%A2-individuals
#16
Vicky A Solah, Deborah A Kerr, Wendy J Hunt, Stuart K Johnson, Carol J Boushey, Edward J Delp, Xingqiong Meng, Roland J Gahler, Anthony P James, Aqif S Mukhtar, Haelee K Fenton, Simon Wood
Fibre supplementation can potentially reduce energy intake and contribute to weight loss. The mechanism may be reduced frequency of eating, resulting in reduced food consumption. The objective of this research was to determine the effectiveness of fibre supplementation with PolyGlycopleX® (PGX®), on body weight and composition, frequency of eating and dietary intake in 118 overweight adults. In a three-arm, parallel, blind, randomised controlled trial participants were randomised to one of three groups; 4...
February 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209532/stability-of-problematic-eating-behaviors-and-weight-loss-trajectories-after-bariatric-surgery-a-longitudinal-observational-study
#17
Eva M Conceição, James E Mitchell, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Filipa Arrojado, Isabel Brandão, Paulo P P Machado
BACKGROUND: The literature is rather mixed regarding the stability and the role of pre- and postoperative problematic eating behaviors (PEBs) on weight outcomes after bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the stability of loss of control (LOC) eating and picking and/or nibbling from pre- to postoperative assessments, and to investigate whether pre- and postoperative PEBs are predictors of different weight loss trajectories. SETTING: Central Hospital, University, Portugal...
December 20, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205275/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-youth-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-in-children-with-overweight-or-obesity
#18
Andrea E Kass, Kelly Theim Hurst, Rachel P Kolko, Elizabeth B Ruzicka, Richard I Stein, Brian E Saelens, R Robinson Welch, Michael G Perri, Kenneth B Schechtman, Leonard H Epstein, Denise E Wilfley
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Youth Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (YEDE-Q) and its utility for detecting loss of control (LOC) eating (i.e., eating episodes, regardless of size, involving a perceived inability to control what or how much one is eating) among school-age children with overweight or obesity. Identifying eating pathology, particularly LOC eating, in this population may facilitate treatment that improves weight outcomes and reduces eating disorder risk. Children with overweight or obesity (N = 241; 7-11 years) completed the YEDE-Q and abbreviated Child EDE (ChEDE) to assess LOC eating, prior to entering a weight management treatment trial...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193517/obesity-energetics-body-weight-regulation-and-the-effects-of-diet-composition
#19
Kevin D Hall, Juen Guo
Weight changes are accompanied by imbalances between calorie intake and expenditure. This fact is often misinterpreted to suggest that obesity is caused by gluttony and sloth and can be treated by simply advising people to eat less and move more. However, various components of energy balance are dynamically interrelated and weight loss is resisted by counterbalancing physiological processes. While low carbohydrate diets have been suggested to partially subvert these processes by increasing energy expenditure and promoting fat loss, our meta-analysis of 32 controlled feeding studies with isocaloric substitution of carbohydrate for fat found that both energy expenditure (26 kcal/d; p<0...
February 10, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183003/high-disinhibition-restrained-eaters-are-disinhibited-by-self-regulatory-depletion-in-the-food-related-inhibitory-control
#20
Yizhou Zhou, Xiao Gao, Hong Chen, Fanchang Kong
Restrained eating for weight control and loss is becoming highly prevalent in many affluent societies, while most of the restrained eaters are rather unsuccessful in the long term. According to the strength model of self-control, the disinhibition effect of restrained eaters may occur after the depletion of self-control resources. However, no work has examined the direct impact of self-control resources on inhibitory control ability of restrained eaters. This study investigated the influences of self-control resources on the food-related inhibitory control among high-restraint/low-disinhibition restrained eaters, high-restraint/high-disinhibition restrained eaters and unrestrained eaters using stop signal task...
February 1, 2017: Eating Behaviors
keyword
keyword
86796
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"