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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145705/review-article-critical-care-airway-management-elearning-modules
#1
REVIEW
Deepak Doshi, Sally McCarthy, Elizabeth Mowatt, Angela Cahill, Bronwyn Peirce, Geoff Hawking, Ruth Osborne, Belinda Hibble, Katharine Ebbs
The Australasian College for Emergency Medicine (ACEM) has recently launched the Critical Care Airway Management eLearning modules to support emergency medicine trainees in developing their airway management skills in the ED. A team of emergency physicians and trainees worked collaboratively to develop the eLearning resources ensuring extensive stakeholder consultation. A comprehensive resource manual was written to provide learners with knowledge that underpins the modules. ACEM provided project coordination as well as administrative and technical team support to the production...
November 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145436/scrambled-eggs-proteomic-portraits-and-novel-biomarkers-of-egg-quality-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#2
Ozlem Yilmaz, Amélie Patinote, Thao Vi Nguyen, Emmanuelle Com, Regis Lavigne, Charles Pineau, Craig V Sullivan, Julien Bobe
Egg quality is a complex biological trait and a major determinant of reproductive fitness in all animals. This study delivered the first proteomic portraits of egg quality in zebrafish, a leading biomedical model for early development. Egg batches of good and poor quality, evidenced by embryo survival for 24 h, were sampled immediately after spawning and used to create pooled or replicated sample sets whose protein extracts were subjected to different levels of fractionation before liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141638/diffusion-weighted-imaging-of-the-brains-of-dogs-with-idiopathic-epilepsy
#3
Antje Hartmann, Steffen Sager, Klaus Failing, Marion Sparenberg, Martin J Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders in dogs. Unfortunately, up to 30% of dogs with idiopathic epilepsy show no improvement under antiepileptic drug treatment. Diffusion-weighted imaging is used in human medicine to identify epileptogenic foci in the brain to allow for more invasive treatments such as deep brain stimulation or surgical removal. The aim of this study was to ass the feasibility of interictal diffusion-weighted MRI in dogs and to evaluate the distribution of diffusion in the brains of dogs with idiopathic epilepsy (IE) and to compare these values to previously published values from healthy beagle dogs...
November 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137632/descriptive-study-of-interprofessional-collaboration-between-physicians-and-osteopaths-for-the-pediatric-population-in-quebec-canada
#4
Chantal Morin, Johanne Desrosiers, Isabelle Gaboury
BACKGROUND: Osteopathy is an increasingly popular healthcare approach that uses a wide variety of therapeutic manual techniques to address pain and somatic dysfunction. In Quebec, Canada, osteopathy is the complementary medicine most often recommended by family physicians. However, factors fostering the development of interprofessional collaboration (IPC) between physicians and osteopaths are unknown. This study aimed to describe the current situation in terms of IPC among practitioners working with pediatric patients...
November 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135277/somato-visceral-effects-in-the-treatment-of-dysmenorrhea-neuromuscular-manual-therapy-and-standard-pharmacological-treatment
#5
Giovanni Barassi, Rosa Grazia Bellomo, Annamaria Porreca, Piera Attilia Di Felice, Loris Prosperi, Raoul Saggini
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to verify whether neuromuscular therapy (NMT) or pharmacology therapy (PT) is more effective for reducing symptoms in women affected by primary dysmenorrhea and the effects associated with each treatment. DESIGN: A controlled, randomized, single-blind clinical trial within the framework of the chair of physical medicine and rehabilitation of the University "G. d'Annunzio" of Chieti-Pescara. The study was conducted on a sample of 60 women suffering from primary dysmenorrhea...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135084/identification-of-bioactive-scaffolds-based-on-qsar-models
#6
Tomoki Nakagawa, Tomoyuki Miyao, Kimito Funatsu
In medicinal chemistry, the molecular scaffolds commonly found in compounds with preferable biological activities are called bioactive scaffolds. They are important because if present in a structure, it is more likely that the compound will be bioactive. Traditionally, medicinal chemists use their knowledge to identify bioactive scaffolds from a given data set after systematic extraction of all candidate scaffolds. However, manually sorting all the scaffolds is not practical as the number of compounds in a data set is often very large...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123350/evaluation-of-community-based-palliative-care-services-perspectives-from-various-stakeholders
#7
Venugopal Vinayagamoorthy, Elayaperumal Suguna, Amol R Dongre
Background: As a part of Memorandum of Understanding with Tamil Nadu Institute of Palliative Medicine, community-based palliative care services have been initiated 2 years back in our urban field practice areas. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the home care service, a major component of our community-based palliative care, with a view to identify the unmet needs of the services rendered for decision-making about the program. Materials and Methods: It was a descriptive qualitative design carried out by the authors trained in qualitative research methods...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121662/qualitative-and-quantitative-assessment-of-illumina-s-forensic-str-and-snp-kits-on-miseq-fgx%C3%A2
#8
Vishakha Sharma, Hoi Yan Chow, Donald Siegel, Elisa Wurmbach
Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) is a powerful tool transforming DNA analysis in multiple fields ranging from medicine, to environmental science, to evolutionary biology. In forensic applications, MPS offers the ability to significantly increase the discriminatory power of human identification as well as aid in mixture deconvolution. However, before the benefits of any new technology can be employed, a thorough evaluation of its quality, consistency, sensitivity, and specificity must be rigorously evaluated in order to gain a detailed understanding of the technique including sources of error, error rates, and other restrictions/limitations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103852/significance-of-arterial-stiffness-in-tridosha-analysis-a-pilot-study
#9
P Venkata Giri Kumar, Sudheer Deshpande, Aniruddha Joshi, Pooja More, H R Nagendra
BACKGROUND: The variations in Tridoshas are the basis for disease diagnosis and treatment in Ayurveda. The doshas are assessed by sensing the pulse manually with fingers which depends on skill of the physician. There is a need to measure doshas using instruments and study them objectively. OBJECTIVE: Arterial stiffness is well established pulse parameter in modern medicine and is closely associated to kathinya in the context of Ayurveda. The aim of our study was to measure arterial stiffness using Nadi Tarangini, a pulse acquisition system, and investigate the significant variations of stiffness across Tridosha locations...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099718/paronymy-in-the-sublanguage-of-medicine-linguistic-and-linguo-didactic-aspects
#10
O Bieliaieva, Yu Lysanets, K Havrylieva, I Znamenska, I Rozhenko, N Nikolaieva
The present paper examines the phenomenon of paronymy in the sublanguage of medicine. The study of paronyms plays an important role in the development of terminological competence of future specialists in the field of medicine and healthcare. The authors emphasize the need to pay due attention to terminological paronyms when compiling teaching manuals and developing didactic materials in Latin for students of medical universities. The urgency of organizing the work with these lexical units is determined, on the one hand, by the propaedeutic objective - minimization of difficulties that students may encounter in dealing with special terminology in the process of educational and professional communication; on the other hand, the study of paronyms is aimed at expanding the active and passive vocabulary of medical students...
October 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084368/electronic-health-record-phenotypes-for-precision-medicine-perspectives-and-caveats-from-treatment-of-breast-cancer-at-a-single-institution
#11
Matthew K Breitenstein, Hongfang Liu, Kara N Maxwell, Jyotishman Pathak, Rui Zhang
Precision medicine is at the forefront of biomedical research. Cancer registries provide rich perspectives and electronic health record(EHR)s are commonly utilized to gather additional clinical data elements needed for translational research. However, manual annotation is resource-intense and not readily scalable. Informatics-based phenotyping presents an ideal solution, but perspectives obtained can be impacted by both data source and algorithm selection. We derived breast cancer(BC) receptor status phenotypes from structured and unstructured EHR data using rule-based algorithms, including natural language processing(NLP)...
October 30, 2017: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082240/automatic-segmentation-of-ultrasound-tomography-image
#12
Shibin Wu, Shaode Yu, Ling Zhuang, Xinhua Wei, Mark Sak, Neb Duric, Jiani Hu, Yaoqin Xie
Ultrasound tomography (UST) image segmentation is fundamental in breast density estimation, medicine response analysis, and anatomical change quantification. Existing methods are time consuming and require massive manual interaction. To address these issues, an automatic algorithm based on GrabCut (AUGC) is proposed in this paper. The presented method designs automated GrabCut initialization for incomplete labeling and is sped up with multicore parallel programming. To verify performance, AUGC is applied to segment thirty-two in vivo UST volumetric images...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081939/development-of-an-automatic-dispensing-system-for-traditional-chinese-herbs
#13
Chi-Ying Lin, Ping-Jung Hsieh
The gathering of ingredients for decoctions of traditional Chinese herbs still relies on manual dispensation, due to the irregular shape of many items and inconsistencies in weights. In this study, we developed an automatic dispensing system for Chinese herbal decoctions with the aim of reducing manpower costs and the risk of mistakes. We employed machine vision in conjunction with a robot manipulator to facilitate the grasping of ingredients. The name and formulation of the decoction are input via a human-computer interface, and the dispensing of multiple medicine packets is performed automatically...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076750/investigation-of-dental-cone-beam-ct-pixel-data-and-a-modified-method-for-conversion-to-hounsfield-units-hu
#14
Dennise Magill, Natalie Beckmann, Marc A Felice, Thomas Yoo, Minou Luo, Mel Mupparapu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship in dental Cone-Beam CT (CBCT) between the manufacturer-reported image pixel data and a modified conversion to CT number densities in Hounsfield Units (HU). METHODS: A standardized CT phantom was imaged using typical clinical parameters on CBCT from 3 manufacturers (Carestream 9300®, J Morita 3D Accutomo®, and Planmeca Promax 3D®). Reconstructed axial slices were evaluated using regions of interest to ascertain the mean pixel value in 5 materials in the phantom...
October 27, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065922/persisting-demand-and-supply-gap-for-maternal-and-newborn-care-in-eastern-uganda-a-mixed-method-cross-sectional-study
#15
Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Suzanne Namusoke Kiwanuka, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Peter Waiswa
BACKGROUND: The slow progress in reducing maternal and newborn death in low and middle-income countries is attributed to both demand and supply-side factors. This study assessed the changes in maternal and newborn services in health facilities as well as demand for maternal and newborn health services in Eastern Uganda. METHODS: The health assessment data were collected in August 2013 and September 2015 in the districts of Kamuli, Pallisa, and Kibuku. We purposively collected data on the availability of services from 40 health facilities that provided maternal and newborn services...
October 24, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065612/a-novel-approach-towards-medical-entity-recognition-in-chinese-clinical-text
#16
Jun Liang, Xuemei Xian, Xiaojun He, Meifang Xu, Sheng Dai, Jun'yi Xin, Jie Xu, Jian Yu, Jianbo Lei
Medical entity recognition, a basic task in the language processing of clinical data, has been extensively studied in analyzing admission notes in alphabetic languages such as English. However, much less work has been done on nonstructural texts that are written in Chinese, or in the setting of differentiation of Chinese drug names between traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine. Here, we propose a novel cascade-type Chinese medication entity recognition approach that aims at integrating the sentence category classifier from a support vector machine and the conditional random field-based medication entity recognition...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062544/patient-involvement-in-guidelines-is-poor-five-years-after-institute-of-medicine-standards-review-of-guideline-methodologies
#17
Melissa J Armstrong, Joshua A Bloom
PLAIN ENGLISH SUMMARY: The 2011 standards for trustworthy development of healthcare guidelines published by the United States-based Institute of Medicine recommend that guideline developers involve patients and public representatives in the development process. The standards recommend that (1) patients and the public be actively involved as members on guideline development panels and (2) guideline developers seek patient and public input during review of the draft guideline. In this study, researchers reviewed the patient and public involvement strategies of guideline developers in the United States by looking at websites and guideline development practices...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059694/-reduction-of-post-surgical-pain-by-manual-medicine-following-tonsillectomy-in-adults
#18
Christoph Arens, Friedrich Gunther Scholz, Siegfried Kropf, Susanne Voigt-Zimmermann
Objective Postoperative pain after tonsillectomy (TE) can usually be treated sufficiently by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). In some patients, however, postoperative pain is more prominent on one side of the neck. Our clinical experience has demonstrated that these patients often show a segmental hypomobility of the upper cervical joints that can be successfully treated by manual medicine (MM). The analgetic effectiveness of this treatment was investigated in a prospective, randomized, placebocontrolled, single-blind study...
October 23, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054261/development-and-validation-of-various-phenotyping-algorithms-for-diabetes-mellitus-using-data-from-electronic-health-records
#19
Santiago Esteban, Manuel Rodríguez Tablado, Francisco E Peper, Yamila S Mahumud, Ricardo I Ricci, Karin S Kopitowski, Sergio A Terrasa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recent progression towards precision medicine has encouraged the use of electronic health records (EHRs) as a source for large amounts of data, which is required for studying the effect of treatments or risk factors in more specific subpopulations. Phenotyping algorithms allow to automatically classify patients according to their particular electronic phenotype thus facilitating the setup of retrospective cohorts. Our objective is to compare the performance of different classification strategies (only using standardized problems, rule-based algorithms, statistical learning algorithms (six learners) and stacked generalization (five versions)), for the categorization of patients according to their diabetic status (diabetics, not diabetics and inconclusive; Diabetes of any type) using information extracted from EHRs...
December 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050511/efficacy-of-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-compared-with-bimanual-intensive-training-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#20
M H Tervahauta, G L Girolami, G K Øberg
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence on the effect of constraint-induced movement therapy compared with bimanual intensive training in children with unilateral cerebral palsy. DATA SOURCES: Seven electronic databases (Cinahl, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Ovid MEDLINE, PEDro, PsycINFO, PubMed) were searched from database inception through December 2016. METHODS: A systematic review was performed using the American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis guidelines...
November 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
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