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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217894/feeding-dynamics-consumption-rates-and-daily-ration-of-wahoo-acanthocybium-solandri-in-indo-pacific-waters
#1
J N Perelman, K N Schmidt, I Haro, I R Tibbetts, M T Zischke
This study reports the diet composition of 363 wahoo Acanthocybium solandri captured from the Indo-Pacific. The study also provides the first estimates of consumption and daily ration for the species worldwide, which are important parameters for ecosystem models and may improve ecosystem-based fisheries management. Thirty-four prey taxa were identified from A. solandri stomachs with Scombridae having the highest relative importance. Actinopterygii comprised 96% of the total prey wet mass, of which 29% were epipelagic fishes, with 22% alone from Scombridae...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214397/a-case-of-iv-degree-on-acute-radiation-dermatitis-in-china
#2
Zhen Shen, Ya-Hong Chen, Yue Chen, Yan Chen, Zhe Lv, Hai-Cheng Gao
This report investigates the nursing procedure of a case of adjuvant therapy of rectal cancer on IV degree of acute radiation dermatitis patients in the penis and scrotum junction. The lesion degree gradually increased. Fixation of the dressing was difficult in the penis and scrotum junction. The concept of wet healing with new dressings was used in patient. The silver ion dressings were used in inhibiting infection, and the wound was covered by the rimmed foam dressings. When it comes to the shaping period, water gel transparent paste was applied instead to cover the wound...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211835/how-many-days-are-required-for-workers-to%C3%A2-acclimatize-to-heat
#3
Tamer Mohamed Khalaf, Mohamed Zaki Ramadan, Riyad A Al-Ashaikh
BACKGROUND: Many research studies require recruiting heat-acclimatized workers to participate in heat-stress experiments and application fields. A reliable heat acclimatization program for workers in countries with hot environments has not been reported yet. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the effects of heat stress and the amount of acclimatization required in hot-climate countries. METHODS: Eighteen male workers from an industrial population participated in this experiment...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209602/a-novel-murine-model-of-esophageal-non-erosive-reflux-disease-nerd-from-inflammation-to-impairment-in-mucosal-integrity
#4
Renan O Silva, Francisco Fábio B Oliveira, Rudy D Bingana, Mailton O Arruda, Philip Woodland, Chung Lee, Miguel A Nobre E Souza, Pedro Marcos G Soares, Armenio A Santos, Daniel Sifrim, Marcellus H L P Souza
Non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) is a highly prevalent phenotype of the gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). In this study, we developed a novel murine model of NERD in mice with microscopic inflammation and impairment in the epithelial esophageal barrier. Female Swiss mice were subjected to the following surgical procedure: the transitional region between the forestomach and the glandular portion of the stomach was ligated, and a nontoxic ring was placed around the duodenum near the pylorus. The control group underwent sham surgery...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197201/-three-methods-and-three-points-regulates-p38-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-in-the-dorsal-horn-of-the-spinal-cord-in-a-rat-model-of-sciatic-nerve-injury
#5
Xin Guo, Tian-Yuan Yu, Wong Steven, Wen-Duan Jia, Chi Ma, Yan-Hong Tao, Chao Yang, Tao-Tao Lv, Shuai Wu, Meng-Qian Lu, Jia-Li Liu
Tuina is a traditional Chinese treatment for sensory disturbances caused by peripheral nerve injury and related diseases. Our previous studies showed that tuina regulates relevant regions and indices of the spinal dorsal horn using the Dian, Bo, and Rou method in Yinmen (BL37), Yanglingquan (GB34), and Weizhong (BL40). Treatment prevents muscle atrophy, protects spinal cord neurons, and promotes sciatic nerve repair. The mechanisms of action of tuina for treating peripheral nerve injury remain poorly understood...
December 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193145/constrained-cage-culture-improves-engineered-cartilage-functional-properties-by-enhancing-collagen-network-stability
#6
Robert J Nims, Alexander D Cigan, Krista M Durney, Brian K Jones, John D O'Neill, Wing-Sum A Law, Gordana Vunjak-Novakovic, Clark Tung-Hui Hung, Gerard A Ateshian
When cultured with sufficient nutrient supply, engineered cartilage synthesizes proteoglycans rapidly, producing an osmotic swelling pressure that destabilizes immature collagen and prevents the development of a robust collagen framework, a hallmark of native cartilage. We hypothesized that mechanically constraining the proteoglycan-induced tissue swelling would enhance construct functional properties through the development of a more stable collagen framework. To test this hypothesis, we developed a novel "cage" growth system to mechanically prevent tissue constructs from swelling while ensuring adequate nutrient supply to the growing construct...
February 14, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189029/disruption-of-thyroxine-and-sex-hormones-by-1-2-dibromo-4-1-2-dibromoethyl-cyclohexane-dbe-dbch-in-american-kestrels-falco-sparverius-and-associations-with-reproductive-and-behavioral-changes
#7
Sarah C Marteinson, Vince Palace, Robert J Letcher, Kim J Fernie
1,2-dibromo-4-(1,2-dibromoethyl)cyclohexane (DBE-DBCH - formerly TBECH) is an emerging brominated flame retardant (BFR) pollutant with androgen potentiating ability and other endocrine disrupting effects in birds and fish. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of exposure to environmentally-relevant levels of DBE-DBCH on circulating levels of thyroid and sex steroid hormones in American kestrels, and if hormonal concentrations were related to previously reported changes in reproductive success and courtship behaviors...
February 8, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183657/production-and-in-vitro-evaluation-of-macroporous-cell-encapsulating-alginate-fibres-for-nerve-repair
#8
Sharon Chien-Yu Lin, Yiwei Wang, David F Wertheim, Allan G A Coombes
The prospects for successful peripheral nerve repair using fibre guides are considered to be enhanced by the use of a scaffold material, which promotes attachment and proliferation of glial cells and axonal regeneration. Macroporous alginate fibres were produced by extraction of gelatin particle porogens from wet spun fibres produced using a suspension of gelatin particles in 1.5% w/v alginate solution. Gelatin loading of the starting suspension of 40.0, 57.0, and 62.5% w/w resulted in gelatin loading of the dried alginate fibres of 16, 21, and 24% w/w respectively...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183164/estrogenic-activity-of-zinc-pyrithione-an-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-study
#9
Seung Jun Kwack, Kyung Sik Yoon, Nam Hee Youn, Hyun Gyung Gu
Objectives: Zinc pyrithione is commonly used to prevent dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis. Many consumers are exposed daily to high doses of zinc pyrithione, causing serious concerns about its toxicity. The reproductive and developmental toxicities were previously reported in pregnant rats. However, the estrogenic activity of zinc pyrithione at varying degrees of exposure has been rarely studied. Thus, we performed an uterotrophic assay, E-screen assay, and gene expression profiling to assess the estrogenic activity of zinc pyrithione...
February 9, 2017: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176796/depurinized-milk-downregulates-rat-thymus-myd88-akt-p38-function-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-inflammation-caspase-1-activity-but-not-the-endonuclease-pathway-in-vitro-in-vivo-study
#10
Gordana Kocic, Andrej Veljkovic, Hristina Kocic, Miodrag Colic, Dusan Mihajlovic, Katarina Tomovic, Svetlana Stojanovic, Andrija Smelcerovic
The aim of this study was the evaluation of 15 days dietary regimen of depurinized (DP) milk (obtained using our patented technological procedures) or 1.5% fat UHT milk instead of standard chow diet, on rat thymus and bone marrow MyD88/Akt/p38, NF-κB, caspase-1 and endonuclease pathways, in relation to peripheral blood cell composition. To determine whether the reduced mass of the thymus is a consequence of the direct effect of DP/UHT milk on apoptosis of thymocytes, in vitro Annexin-V-FITC/PI assay was performed...
February 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176379/care-solution-effects-on-contact-lens-in-vivo-wettability
#11
Raied Fagehi, E Ian Pearce, Katherine Oliver, Ali A Abusharha, Alan Tomlinson
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of care solutions on contact lens in vivo wettability using Doane's interferometric technique. METHODS: Thirteen subjects (aged 26.6 ± 6.3 years) participated for contact lens wettability evaluation after soaking in five care solutions namely Opti-Free EverMoist (now called puremoist), Opti-Free Express (Alcon), COMPLETE (AMO), ReNu and Biotrue (Bausch & Lomb). A new pair of lenses was soaked in the solutions for eight hours (prior to wear) or taken directly from pack solutions (as control) and worn by the subjects...
February 8, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161684/silk-based-anisotropical-3d-biotextiles-for-bone-regeneration
#12
Viviana P Ribeiro, Joana Silva-Correia, Ana I Nascimento, Alain da Silva Morais, Alexandra P Marques, Ana S Ribeiro, Carla J Silva, Graça Bonifácio, Rui A Sousa, Joaquim M Oliveira, Ana L Oliveira, Rui L Reis
Bone loss in the craniofacial complex can been treated using several conventional therapeutic strategies that face many obstacles and limitations. In this work, novel three-dimensional (3D) biotextile architectures were developed as a possible strategy for flat bone regeneration applications. As a fully automated processing route, this strategy as potential to be easily industrialized. Silk fibroin (SF) yarns were processed into weft-knitted fabrics spaced by a monofilament of polyethylene terephthalate (PET)...
January 26, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153404/surface-ozone-characterization-at-larsemann-hills-and-maitri-antarctica
#13
Kaushar Ali, D K Trivedi, S K Sahu
Data are analyzed in terms of daily average ozone, its diurnal variation and its relation with meteorological parameters like dry bulb temperature (T), wet bulb temperature (Tw), atmospheric pressure and wind speed based on measurement of these parameters at two Indian Antarctic stations (Larsemann Hills, and Maitri) during 28th Indian Scientific Expedition of Antarctica (ISEA) organized during Antarctic summer of the year 2008-09. The work has been carried out to investigate summer time ozone level and its day-to-day and diurnal variability at these coastal locations and to highlight possible mechanism of ozone production and destruction...
January 30, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151899/cohort-study-on-maternal-cytomegalovirus-seroprevalence-and-prevalence-and-clinical-manifestations-of-congenital-infection-in-china
#14
Shiwen Wang, Tongzhan Wang, Wenqiang Zhang, Xiaolin Liu, Xiaofang Wang, Haiyan Wang, Xiaozhou He, Shunxian Zhang, Shuhui Xu, Yang Yu, Xingbing Jia, Maolin Wang, Aiqiang Xu, Wei Ma, Minal M Amin, Stephanie R Bialek, Sheila C Dollard, Chengbin Wang
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the leading viral cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities in developed countries. However, CMV seroprevalence and burden of congenital CMV infection are not well defined in China.Cohort of newborns from 5 birthing hospitals in 2 counties of Shandong Province, China, were enrolled from March 2011 to August 2013. Dried blood spots (DBS) and saliva were collected within 4 days after birth for IgG testing for maternal seroprevalence and real-time PCR testing for congenital CMV infection, respectively...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149682/bells-bomas-and-beefsteak-complex-patterns-of-human-predator-conflict-at-the-wildlife-agropastoral-interface-in-zimbabwe
#15
Andrew J Loveridge, Timothy Kuiper, Roger H Parry, Lovemore Sibanda, Jane Hunt Hunt, Brent Stapelkamp, Lovelater Sebele, David W Macdonald
Reports of livestock depredation by large predators were systematically collected at three study sites in northwestern Zimbabwe from 2008-2013. We recorded 1,527 incidents (2,039 animals killed and 306 injured). Lions (Panthera leo) and spotted hyaenas (Crocuta crocuta) were mostly responsible, and cattle and donkeys most frequently attacked. Patterns of predation were variable among study sites. Nevertheless, some overall patterns were apparent. Predators selected livestock close to the size of their preferred wild prey, suggesting behaviours evolved to optimise foraging success may determine the domestic species primarily preyed upon...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148905/zoonotic-enterocytozoon-bieneusi-in-raw-wastewater-in-zhengzhou-china
#16
Jianbin Ye, Yan Ji, Jia Xu, Ke Ma, Xuepeng Yang
Contamination of Enterocytozoon bieneusi Desportes, Charpentier, Galian, Bernard, Cochand-Priollet, Laverne, Ravisse, et Modigliani, 1985 in water sources may cause outbreaks of microsporidiosis. To examine the occurrence of E. bieneusi, 108 raw wastewater samples were collected from three wastewater treated plants in Zhengzhou, China. In total, 46 samples were PCR positive for E. bieneusi. A total of 15 ITS genotypes was identified, including ten known genotypes (D, BEB6, I, J, PigEbIX, PigEBITS5, EbpA, Peru6, Peru8, Type IV) and five novel genotypes (HNWW1, HNWW2, HNWW3, HNWW4, HNWW5)...
January 18, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141711/an-8-year-old-boy-with-treatment-resistant-encopresis
#17
Martin T Stein, Marc A Benninga, Barbara T Felt
Paul is an 8-year-old boy with a long-standing history of encopresis and enuresis. Potty training was initiated when he was 2 years old. At this time, his mother was absent from the home for 6 weeks when she cared for her ill father in a different city. The process of teaching Paul to use the bathroom was described as "inconsistent" due to multiple caretakers.Paul never successfully mastered bowel and bladder control. He continues to wet and soil his clothes on a daily basis at home and school. According to his parents, he does not accept responsibility and comments about his soiling such as, "I didn't do it; someone else must have put it there...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131921/ruthenium-oxide-modified-nickel-electrode-for-ascorbic-acid-detection
#18
Yuan-Gee Lee, Bo-Xuan Liao, Yu-Ching Weng
Electrodes of ruthenium oxide modified nickel were prepared by a thermal decomposition method. The stoichiometry of the modifier, RuOx, was quantitatively determined to be a meta-stable phase, RuO5. The electrodes were employed to sense ascorbic acid in alkaline solution with a high sensitivity, 296 μAcm(-2) mM(-1), and good selectivity for eight kinds of disturbing reagents. We found that the ascorbic acid was oxidized irreversibly in solution. To match with the variation of the morphology, the sensitivity reached a maximum when the RuOx segregated with a nano-crystalline feature...
January 26, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130742/assessment-of-mercury-intake-from-fish-meals-based-on-intervention-research-in-the-polish-subpopulation
#19
Renata Kuras, Beata Janasik, Magdalena Stanislawska, Lucyna Kozlowska, Wojciech Wasowicz
The paper's objective was to estimate weekly Hg intake from fish meals based on intervention research. Total Hg (THg) concentrations in blood and hair samples collected from men (n = 67) from an intervention study as well as muscular tissues of fresh and after heat-treating fish were determined using the thermal decomposition amalgamation atomic absorption spectrometry method (TDA-AAS) using direct mercury analyzer (DMA-80). The mean of the estimated weekly intake (EWI) was estimated at 0.62 μg/kg bw/week in the range 0...
January 27, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129615/the-influence-of-sample-drying-and-storage-conditions-on-methylmercury-determination-in-soils-and-sediments
#20
Hitoshi Kodamatani, Chihiro Maeda, Steven J Balogh, Yabing H Nollet, Ryo Kanzaki, Takashi Tomiyasu
The separate influences of drying and storage conditions on methylmercury (MeHg) concentrations in soil and sediment samples were investigated. Concentrations of MeHg and total Hg were determined in various soil and sediment samples that had been stored or dried under differing conditions. The influence of drying conditions (oven-drying (40 °C) versus freeze-drying) on MeHg concentrations in marine sediments, river sediments, soils, and paddy field soils was investigated (n = 43). The ratio of the MeHg concentration in oven-dried sub-samples divided by the concentration in freeze-dried sub-samples ranged from 0 to 336%...
January 12, 2017: Chemosphere
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