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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150347/-perineal-groove-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Y de La Monneraye, G Benoist, L Marchesi, A-S Crosnier, V Guinard-Samuel
Perineal groove is a rare anoperineal congenital malformation, usually occurring in girls, unknown to many pediatricians. We report the case of a 17-day-old girl admitted for urinary infection, who presented a wet sulcus with mucous membrane, extending from the vaginal fourchette to the anterior border of the anus. The diagnosis of perineal groove was clinically confirmed, after elimination of misdiagnosis such as infection or trauma. This benign malformation tends to be self-epithelialized in the 1st year of life, and no surgical treatment is recommended, except for cosmetic reasons or for recurrent infections...
November 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149742/stability-of-heavy-metals-in-soil-washing-residue-with-and-without-biochar-addition-under-accelerated-ageing
#2
Zhengtao Shen, Deyi Hou, Bin Zhao, Wendi Xu, Yong Sik Ok, Nanthi S Bolan, Daniel S Alessi
Soil washing residue (SWR), which typically concentrates the washed toxic metals and is comprised of high contents of clay particles, may pose risks to the surrounding environment. This study aims to simulate accelerated ageing to assess the stability of selected metals (Cd(2+) (132mg/kg), Cu(2+) (248mg/kg) and Pb(2+) (3470mg/kg)) in a SWR (89.68% of clay) with and without biochar treatment. The soil was incubated under constant moisture and wet-dry cycles (accelerated ageing), respectively, and the mobility and fractions of heavy metals in the soils with and without biochar treatment were examined...
November 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142744/-who-has-to-do-it-at-the-end-of-the-day-programme-officials-or-hospital-authorities-airborne-infection-control-at-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-dr-tb-centres-of-karnataka-india-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Kibballi Madhukeshwar Akshaya, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Ottapura Prabhakaran Aslesh, Sharath Burugina Nagaraja, Abhay Subashrao Nirgude, Anil Singarajipura, Anil G Jacob
Background: Drug resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) centers admit patients with DR-TB for initiation of treatment and thereby concentrate the patients under one setting. It becomes imperative to assess the compliance of DR-TB centres to national airborne infection control (AIC) guidelines and explore the provider perspectives into reasons for unsatisfactory compliance. Methods: This mixed methods study (triangulation design) was carried out across all the six DR-TB centers of Karnataka state, India, between November 2016 and April 2017...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139362/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-a-twice-daily-three-step-men-s-skincare-regimen-in-improving-overall-skin-quality-and-reducing-shave-related-irritation
#4
Katie Rodan, Kathy Fields, Timothy J Falla
More men are beginning to take advantage of opportunities to improve the health and appearance of their skin; however, the effectiveness of men's skincare regimens has not been well studied. The authors investigated the efficacy and tolerance of a twice-daily, three-step men's skincare regimen in improving skin appearance and reducing shave-related issues. Twenty-nine men who used a wet-shaving method completed a specific, three-step, twice-daily facial regimen-a Shave Cleanser, a Post-Shave Treatment, and Day Protection-in place of their usual routine for 4 weeks...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119779/strategic-formulation-of-graphene-oxide-sheets-for-flexible-monoliths-and-robust-polymeric-coatings-that-embedded-with-durable-bio-inspired-wettability
#5
Avijit Das, Jumi Deka, Adil Majeed Rather, Bibhas K Bhunia, Partha Pratim Saikia, Biman B Mandal, Kalyan Raidongia, Uttam Manna
Artificial bio-inspired superhydrophobicity-that are generally developed through appropriate optimization of chemistry and hierarchical topography, is being recognized for its immense prospective applications related to environment and healthcare. Nevertheless, the week interfacial interaction that are associated in the fabrication of such special interfaces-makes the material often delicate, and embedded antifouling property collapses on exposures to harsh and complex aqueous phases, and also after regular physical deformations including bending, creasing etc...
November 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118902/inhibitory-effects-of-thalidomide-on-bleomycin-induced-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-rats-via-regulation-of-thioredoxin-reductase-and-inflammations
#6
Xiaoying Dong, Xin Li, Minghui Li, Ming Chen, Qian Fan, Wei Wei
In this study, the potential clinical effects of thalidomide on bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis were investigated. A Sprague-Dawley rats' model of pulmonary fibrosis induced by an intratracheal instillation of bleomycin was adopted. The rats in thalidomide treated groups were intraperitoneally injected with thalidomide (10, 20, 50 mg/kg) daily for 28 days, while the rats in control and bleomycin treated groups were injected with a saline solution. The effects of thalidomide on pulmonary injury were evaluated by the lung wet/dry weight ratios, cell counts, and histopathological examination...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108048/amino-acid-composition-of-fetus-placenta-and-uterus-in-gilts-throughout-gestation
#7
Y D Jang, Y L Ma, R L Payne, M D Lindemann
An accurate understanding of the AA composition of the products of conception is needed to accurately model dietary AA needs of pregnant swine. To determine AA composition in fetal pigs, the placenta, and the uterus at various stages of gestation, samples from a total of 65 gilts slaughtered at assigned days of gestation (d 43, 58, 73, 91, 101, and 108) were used. The AA concentrations (g/kg each wet tissue) in the fetus, placenta, or uterus increased as gestation progressed, with major increases occurring from d 73 to 108 of gestation ( < 0...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107179/uptake-and-metabolism-of-water-borne-progesterone-by-the-mussel-mytilus-spp-mollusca
#8
Tamar I Schwarz, Ioanna Katsiadaki, Benjamin H Maskrey, Alexander P Scott
Previous studies have shown that mussels can pick up 17β-estradiol [E2] and testosterone [T] from water, metabolize them and conjugate them to fatty acids (esterification), leading to their accumulation in tissue. A key requirement for the esterification process is that a steroid must have a 'reactive' hydroxyl group to conjugate to a fatty acid (which in T, and probably E2, is the β-hydroxyl group on carbon 17). Progesterone (P) lacks any hydroxyl groups and theoretically cannot be esterified and hence should not accumulate in mussels in the same way as E2 or T...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098640/effect-of-genotype-on-the-sprouting-of-pomegranate-punica-granatum-l-seeds-as-a-source-of-phenolic-compounds-from-juice-industry-by-products
#9
Beatrice Falcinelli, Ombretta Marconi, Stefano Maranghi, Stanley Lutts, Adolfo Rosati, Franco Famiani, Paolo Benincasa
Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) fruits are used mainly by the juice industry, for which seeds are a by-product to be disposed of, though they could potentially be a source of bioactive compounds. In this work, germination (total germination percentage, G; mean germination time, MGT; time to reach 80% of germination, TG80; seedling shoot length, fresh weight and dry matter), and nutritional value (total phenolics, TP; total flavonoids, TF; total non-tannins, TNT; antioxidant activities) of pomegranate seeds and sprouts were determined on four commercial pomegranate cultivars (Akko, Dente di Cavallo, Mollar de Elche and Wonderful)...
November 2, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095037/the-heat-strain-of-various-athletic-surfaces-a-comparison-between-observed-and-modeled-wet-bulb-globe-temperatures
#10
J Luke Pryor, Riana R Pryor, Andrew Grundstein, Douglas J Casa
CONTEXT:   The National Athletic Trainers' Association recommends using onsite wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT) measurement to determine whether to modify or cancel physical activity. However, not all practitioners do so and instead they may rely on the National Weather Service (NWS) to monitor weather conditions. OBJECTIVE:   To compare regional NWS WBGT estimates with local athletic-surface readings and compare WBGT measurements among various local athletic surfaces...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090983/assessment-of-occupational-exposure-to-heat-stress-and-solar-ultraviolet-radiation-among-groundskeepers-in-an-eastern-north-carolina-university-setting
#11
Nicole Beck, Jo Anne G Balanay, Terri Johnson
Groundskeepers spend most of the year working outdoors, exposing them to heat and solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation and increasing their risk to related adverse health effects. Various studies on heat and UV exposures in different occupations have been published, but those on groundskeepers are rare. The purpose of this study was to assess the exposure to heat stress and solar UV radiation among groundskeepers in an eastern North Carolina university setting. Wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) index using a heat stress monitor and UV effective irradiance (UVeff) index using a digital UV meter were recorded in various work areas 3 times a day (morning, noon, afternoon) and during 3 seasons (spring, summer, fall)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081093/-the-protective-effect-of-n-acetylcysteine-on-acute-lung-injury-induced-by-pfib-inhalation
#12
L M Yang, J Zhao, H T Wang, X X Xu, Y M JIiao, R G Ding
Objective: To study the protective effect of N-acetylcysteine on acute lung injury induced by PFIB inhalation and its mechanism. Methods: Survival experiment: 48 male ICR (CD-1) mice were randomly divided into 4 groups, i. e., PFIB control group, NAC prevention group, NAC treatment group, and NAC prevention + treatment group, each group contains 12 animals. The mice of PFIB C group were exposed to PFIB without any treatment. The mice of NAC P group were exposed to PFIB 30min after NAC administration. The mice of NAC T group were exposed to PFIB 1h before NAC administration, The mice of NAC P+T group were administrated with NAC twice (30 min before and 1h after PFIB inhalation) ...
July 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079373/longest-delayed-hemothorax-reported-after-blunt-chest-injury
#13
Darren Yap, Miane Ng, Madhu Chaudhury, Nik Mbakada
INTRODUCTION: Blunt chest injury is a common presentation to the emergency department. However, a delayed hemothorax after blunt trauma is rare; current literature reports a delay of up to 30days. We present a case of 44-day delay in hemothorax which has not been previously reported in current literature. CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old Caucasian male first presented to the emergency department complaining of persistent right sided chest pain 2weeks after having slipped on a wet surface at home...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068426/preparation-and-characterization-of-resorbable-bacterial-cellulose-membranes-treated-by-electron-beam-irradiation-for-guided-bone-regeneration
#14
Sung-Jun An, So-Hyoun Lee, Jung-Bo Huh, Sung In Jeong, Jong-Seok Park, Hui-Jeong Gwon, Eun-Sook Kang, Chang-Mo Jeong, Youn-Mook Lim
Bacterial cellulose (BC) is an excellent biomaterial with many medical applications. In this study, resorbable BC membranes were prepared for guided bone regeneration (GBR) using an irradiation technique for applications in the dental field. Electron beam irradiation (EI) increases biodegradation by severing the glucose bonds of BC. BC membranes irradiated at 100 kGy or 300 kGy were used to determine optimal electron beam doses. Electron beam irradiated BC membranes (EI-BCMs) were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), and using wet tensile strength measurements...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056377/a-150-year-record-of-polycyclic-aromatic-compound-pac-deposition-from-high-andean-cajas-national-park-southern-ecuador
#15
Benjamin A Musa Bandowe, Lea Fränkl, Martin Grosjean, Wojciech Tylmann, Pablo V Mosquera, Henrietta Hampel, Tobias Schneider
The temporal profiles of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs) in lake sediments reflect past changes in emissions, transport and deposition of these pollutants and, thus, record natural and anthropogenic processes. We document fluxes of PACs [(polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), oxygenated PAHs (OPAHs) and azaarenes (AZAs)] deposited in two tropical high-altitude lakes in the Cajas National Park (Ecuadorian Andes, 2°50'S, 79°10'W). In remote and high elevation Laguna Fondococha (4130m a.s.l.), the temporal fluxes of OPAHs and AZAs were similar to those of PAHs suggesting similar sources...
October 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055730/-management-of-wet-amd-in-france-in-2015
#16
J Zerbib, A Bourhis, P L Cornut, F De Bats, V Gualino, J Halfon, H Massé, M Srour, M Streho, S Tick, B Wolff, N San Nicolas
PURPOSE AND CONTEXT: Intravitreal administration of anti-VEGF agents, available in France since 2007, allows stabilization and improvement in visual acuity in wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD). In the past few years, the management of this disease has evolved in terms of both diagnostic methods and treatment schedules, which have been adapted to the pathophysiology of AMD. The goal of this survey, performed in a representative sample of French ophthalmologists, was to describe the evolution of medical practices one year after a similar survey (Massé et al...
November 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052996/spontaneous-and-flow-driven-interfacial-phase-change-dynamics-of-microemulsion-formation-at-the-pore-scale
#17
Mohsen Tagavifar, Ke Xu, Sung Hyun Jang, Matthew T Balhoff, Gary A Pope
The dynamic behavior of microemulsion-forming water-oil-amphiphiles mixtures is investigated in a 2.5D micromodel. The equilibrium phase behavior of such mixtures is well-understood in terms of macroscopic phase transitions. However, what is less understood and where experimental data are lacking is the coupling between the phase change and the bulk flow. Herein, we study the flow of an aqueous surfactant solution-oil mixture in porous media and analyze the dependence of phase formation and spatial phase configurations on the bulk flow rate...
November 1, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052183/profiling-dna-methylation-using-bisulfite-sequencing-bs-seq
#18
Yun-Ru Chen, Sheng Yu, Silin Zhong
DNA cytosine methylation is one of the most abundant epigenetic marks found in the plant nuclear genome. Bisulfite sequencing (BS-Seq) is the method of choice for profiling DNA cytosine methylation genome-wide at a single nucleotide resolution. The basis of this technique is that the unmethylated cytosine can be deaminated to uracil by sodium bisulfite, while the methylated cytosine is resistant to the treatment. By deep sequencing of the bisulfite converted genomic DNA, the methylation level of each mappable cytosine position in the genome could be measured...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051446/characterization-of-aerosols-of-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-following-three-generation-methods-using-an-optimized-aerosolization-system-designed-for-experimental-inhalation-studies
#19
Igor Pujalté, Alessandra Serventi, Alexandra Noël, Denis Dieme, Sami Haddad, Michèle Bouchard
Nanoparticles (NPs) can be released in the air in work settings, but various factors influence the exposure of workers. Controlled inhalation experiments can thus be conducted in an attempt to reproduce real-life exposure conditions and assess inhalation toxicology. Methods exist to generate aerosols, but it remains difficult to obtain nano-sized and stable aerosols suitable for inhalation experiments. The goal of this work was to characterize aerosols of titanium dioxide (TiO₂) NPs, generated using a novel inhalation system equipped with three types of generators-a wet collision jet nebulizer, a dry dust jet and an electrospray aerosolizer-with the aim of producing stable aerosols with a nano-diameter average (<100 nm) and monodispersed distribution for future rodent exposures and toxicological studies...
July 1, 2017: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050432/dietary-sugarcane-bagasse-and-coarse-particle-size-of-corn-are-beneficial-to-performance-and-gizzard-development-in-broilers-fed-normal-and-high-sodium-diets
#20
S K Kheravii, R A Swick, M Choct, Shu-Biao Wu
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of sugarcane bagasse (SB) and particle size on broiler performance, gizzard development, ileal microflora, litter quality, and bird welfare under a wet litter challenge model. A total of 672 one-day-old Ross 308 male broilers was allocated to 48 pens using a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments with corn particle size-coarse 3,576 μm (CC) or fine 1,113 μm (FC) geometric mean diameter, SB - 0 or 2% and sodium (Na) - 0.16 or 0.40% with increased Na level to induce wet litter...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
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