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Mojtaba Yari, Reza Valizadeh, Abbas Ali Naserian, Arjan Jonker, Peiqiang Yu
Objective: This study was conducted to determine molecular structures related to carbohydrates and lipid in alfalfa hay cut at early bud, late bud and early flower and in the afternoon and next morning using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT/IR) and to determine their relationship with alfalfa hay nutrient profile and availability in ruminants. Methods: Chemical composition analysis, carbohydrate fractionation, in situ ruminal degradability and DVE/OEB model were used to measure nutrient profile and availability of alfalfa hay...
March 21, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Bo Xing, Honglin Chen, Xiaoming Zhang
Glyphosate (PMG) wastewater, which is an organic phosphorus (OP) wastewater containing 200-3000 mg/L glyphosate, was treated via catalytic wet oxidation (CWO) to degrade glyphosate to orthophosphate (PO4(3-)). The catalysts were activated carbons (ACs) modified by H2O2 oxidation and thermal treatment with ammonia or melamine. The catalysts were characterized using N2 adsorption/desorption, Boehm titration, and XPS. The CWO experiments were performed in a co-current upflow fixed bed reactor at 110-130 °C and under 1...
March 23, 2017: Environmental Technology
Glen T Daigger John S Siczka Thomas F Smith David A Frank J A McCorquodale
The need to increase the peak wet weather secondary treatment capacity of the City of Akron, OH, Water Reclamation Facility (WRF) provided the opportunity to test an integrated methodology for maximizing the peak wet weather secondary treatment capacity of activated sludge systems. An initial investigation, consisting of process modeling of the secondary treatment system and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis of the existing relatively shallow secondary clarifiers (3.3 and 3.7 m sidewater depth in 30...
March 22, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
L Borch, S Hagstroem, K Kamperis, C V Siggaard, S Rittig
PURPOSE: To evaluate if combination therapy with TENS and oxybutynin results in a superior treatment response than monotherapy with the two modalities in childhood urge incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this placebo-controlled study 66 urge incontinent children (mean age 7.3 ± 1.6 years) were randomized into three treatment groups. Group 1: active TENS + active oxybutynin (n = 22). Group 2: active TENS + placebo oxybutynin (n = 21). Group 3: active oxybutynin + placebo TENS (n = 23)...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Urology
José Manuel Mazón-Suástegui, Milagro García-Bernal, Pedro Enrique Saucedo, Ángel Campa-Córdova, Fernando Abasolo-Pacheco
BACKGROUND: Mortality from vibriosis in mollusk production is attributed to pathogenic bacteria, particularly Vibrio alginolyticus. Use of increasingly potent antibiotics has led to bacterial resistance and increased pathogenicity. Alternatives in sanitation, safety, and environmental sustainability are currently under analysis. To-date, homeopathy has been investigated in aquaculture of freshwater fish, but not in marine mollusks. The effect of the homeopathic complexes in the growth, survival, and immune response of the Catarina scallop Argopecten ventricosus were assessed...
February 2017: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
Yecan Pi, Qi Shao, Pengtang Wang, Fan Lv, Shaojun Guo, Jun Guo, Xiaoqing Huang
Trimetallic oxyhydroxides are one of the most effective materials for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalysis, a key process for water splitting. Herein, we describe a facile wet-chemical method to directly grow a series of coralloid trimetallic oxyhydroxides on arbitrary substrates such as nickel foam (NF) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The amount of iron in these oxyhydroxide sponges on NF and CNTs was precisely controlled, revealing that the electrocatalytic activity of the WCoFe trimetallic oxyhydroxides depends on the Fe amount in a volcano-like fashion...
March 21, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Felix Schulze-Zachau, Björn Braunschweig
Air/water interfaces were modified by oppositely charged poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) (NaPSS) and hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) polyelectrolyte/surfactant mixtures and were studied on a molecular level with vibrational sum-frequency generation (SFG), tensiometry, surface dilatational rheology and ellipsometry. In order to deduce structure property relations, our results on the interfacial molecular structure and lateral interactions of PSS(-)/CTA(+) complexes were compared to the stability and structure of macroscopic foam as well as to bulk properties...
March 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
L M Sorathiya, A B Fulsoundar, T K S Rao, Niranjan Kumar
A total of 360 faecal samples of goat belonging to Ahir community were collected randomly from eight villages on monthly basis. On same day, collected samples were subjected to qualitative faecal examination and positive samples were categorized into mild, moderate and heavy infected groups. The risk factors considered for study were age, pregnancy, lactation, seasons, wet land grazing and hygiene in housing. Overall 41.11 % animals were found positive for helminth eggs and among them 24.17, 10.56 and 6.39 % of goats were mildly, moderately and heavily infected, respectively...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Q F Liu, L Li, Y Q Guo, X Li, Z D Mou, X Wang, G Z Du
We assessed the role of the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) gene in the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (vlPAG) region of morphine-dependent rats on attenuating withdrawal syndrome, and regulating glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD67), glutamic acid (Glu), and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). After siRNA-mediated downregulation of TLR4, changes were observed in withdrawal behavior and downstream signaling molecules. Rats were injected into the vlPAG with TLR4 siRNA, followed by intraperitoneal injection of morphine for 5 consecutive days, and then naloxone, and the behavioral indices of morphine withdrawal were observed...
December 1, 2016: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
Yongkai Chang, Jingfeng Fan, Jie Su, Hongxia Ming, Wen Zhao, Yan Shi, Fengyun Ji, Limei Guo, Shuaijun Zan, Bochao Li, Hao Guo, Daoming Guan
Ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) play an important role in nitrification in estuaries. The aim of this study was to examine the spatial abundance, diversity, and activity of AOB in coastal sediments of the Liaohe Estuary using quantitative PCR, high-throughput sequencing of the amoA gene coding the ammonia monooxygenase enzyme active subunit, and sediment slurry incubation experiments. AOB abundance ranged from 8.54 × 10(4) to 5.85 × 10(6) copies g(-1) of wet sediment weight and exhibited an increasing trend from the Liaohe Estuary to the open coastal zone...
March 14, 2017: Current Microbiology
Lahiru Sandaruwan Galgamuwa, Buthsiri Sumanasena, Lalani Yatawara, Susiji Wickramasinghe, Devika Iddawela
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) caused by Leishmania donovani is an endemic vector-borne disease in Sri Lanka. Over 2,500 cases have been reported since 2000 and the number of CL cases has dramatically increased annually. Total 57 clinically suspected CL patients attending the dermatology clinic in Anuradhapura Teaching Hospital were recruited from January to June 2015. Slit skin smears and skin biopsies were taken from each of the subjects. Clinical and epidemiological data were obtained using interviewer administered questionnaire...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
Vishnu Murari, Manish Kumar, Alaa Mhawish, S C Barman, Tirthankar Banerjee
The variation in particulate mass and particulate types (PM2.5 and PM10) with respect to local/regional meteorology was analyzed from January to December 2014 (n = 104) for an urban location over the middle Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP). Both coarser (mean ± SD; PM10 161.3 ± 110.4 μg m(-3), n = 104) and finer particulates (PM2.5 81.78 ± 66.4 μg m(-3)) revealed enormous mass loading with distinct seasonal effects (range: PM10 12-535 μg m(-3); PM2.5 8-362 μg m(-3)). Further, 56% (for PM2.5) to 81% (for PM10) of monitoring events revealed non-attainment national air quality standard especially during winter months...
April 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Shuyan Li, Jijin Li, Jing Yuan, Guoxue Li, Bing Zang, Yangyang Li
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of inoculants on compost stability, maturity and enzyme activities during composting of chicken manure and cornstalk. Two microbial inoculants (originated from aerobic municipal sludge and municipal solid waste, respectively) were used in composting at the rate of 0.3% of initial raw materials (wet weight). No microbial inoculums were added to the control. The experiment was conducted under aerobic conditions for 53 days. The results show that enzyme activity is an important index to comprehensively evaluate the composting stability and maturity...
February 21, 2017: Environmental Technology
(no author information available yet)
AIM: To know the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on surgical outcomes (R1 resections, post-operative complications, recurrence and follow up) in Stage IV borderline operable cancers of oral cavity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients in group A (n=45) were those who were referred for neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) with an intention to operate at a later date. These were compared with 45 patients of group B who were operated upfront. All 90 patients have stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity...
January 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Ryohei Uchida, Ken Nakata, Fuminori Kawano, Yasukazu Yonetani, Issei Ogasawara, Naoya Nakai, Tatsuo Mae, Tomohiko Matsuo, Yuta Tachibana, Hiroyuki Yokoi, Hideki Yoshikawa
All living tissues and cells on Earth are subject to gravitational acceleration, but no reports have verified whether acceleration mode influences bone formation and healing. Therefore, this study was to compare the effects of two acceleration modes, vibration and constant (centrifugal) accelerations, on bone formation and healing in the trunk using BMP 2-induced ectopic bone formation (EBF) mouse model and a rib fracture healing (RFH) rat model. Additionally, we tried to verify the difference in mechanism of effect on bone formation by accelerations between these two models...
2017: PloS One
Raju Bheemanahalli, Rajendran Sathishraj, Muthukumar Manoharan, H N Sumanth, Raveendran Muthurajan, Tsutomo Ishimaru, Jagadish S V Krishna
Higher spikelet sterility due to heat stress exposure during flowering in rice is becoming a major threat for sustaining productivity in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Therefore, exploiting and incorporating early morning flowering (EMF) trait into ongoing breeding pipelines could be an effective strategy to minimize the damage. In this study, we have focused on quantifying the time of day of flowering traits such as first spikelet opening time (FSOT) and peak spikelet opening time (PSOT) in a diverse set of cultivars (n = 289) representing major rice growing regions (13 tropical and 20 subtropical countries) over three years (wet season; WS-2012, dry season; DS-2013 and 2014), under field conditions...
March 1, 2017: Field Crops Research
Nadine Gravett, Adhil Bhagwandin, Robert Sutcliffe, Kelly Landen, Michael J Chase, Oleg I Lyamin, Jerome M Siegel, Paul R Manger
The current study provides details of sleep (or inactivity) in two wild, free-roaming African elephant matriarchs studied in their natural habitat with remote monitoring using an actiwatch subcutaneously implanted in the trunk, a standard elephant collar equipped with a GPS system and gyroscope, and a portable weather station. We found that these two elephants were polyphasic sleepers, had an average daily total sleep time of 2 h, mostly between 02:00 and 06:00, and displayed the shortest daily sleep time of any mammal recorded to date...
2017: PloS One
Minyi Hu, Hoyan Lam, Robbin Yeh, Morgan Teeratananon, Yi-Xian Qin
This study attempted to compare the muscle fiber morphological responses to dynamic electrical muscle stimulation (DEMS) and dynamic hydraulic stimulation (DHS) in rats under hindlimb suspension (HLS). DEMS at 1 Hz, 50 Hz and 100 Hz for 10 min/day, 5 days/week were introduced to the animals' right quadriceps. Static and 2 Hz DHS were introduced to the right tibiae of other animal groups on a "10 min on - 5 min off - 10 min on" loading regime for 5 days/week. In the end of the 4-week experiments, histological changes in the corresponding soleus, gastrocnemius and quadriceps of the stimulated sites were examined...
February 28, 2017: Physiological Research
Hairong Huang, Daniel Wismeijer, Ernst B Hunziker, Gang Wu
Absorbed collagen sponge (ACS)/bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) are widely used in clinical practise for bone regeneration. However, the application of this product was found to be associated with a significant pro-inflammatory response, particularly in the early phase after implantation. This study aimed to clarify if the pro-inflammatory activities, associated with BMP-2 added to ACS, were related to the physical state of the carrier itself, i.e., a wet or a highly dehydrated state of the ACS, to the local degree of vascularisation and/or to local biomechanical factors...
February 25, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Y-F Liu, C-W Yang, H Liu, S-G Sui, X-D Li
The present study investigates curcumin effect against sepsis-induced chronic lung injury (CLI) of male albino rats. Rats were grouped into four groups such rats undergoing a sham cecal ligature puncture (CLP), rats undergoing CLP, rats undergoing CLP and treated with saline and rats undergoing CLP and treated with curcumin (100 mg/kg bwt). After 45 days of treatment, bronchoalveolar fluid (BALF), blood and lung tissues were collected from the each animal. The total protein content, wet and dry (W/D) weight of lung tissues and some inflammatory cells in the BALF were measured...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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