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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734957/effect-of-schwertmannite-and-jarosite-on-the-formation-of-hypoxic-blackwater-during-inundation-of-grass-material
#1
Chamindra L Vithana, Leigh A Sullivan, Troy Shepherd
This study focused on understanding the effect of schwertmannite and jarosite, commonly found in floodplains containing acid sulfate soil materials, on the characteristics of the hypoxic blackwaters that can form when floodplain vegetation experiences prolonged inundation. The formation of these 'blackwaters' was simulated in the laboratory by inundating flood-intolerant pasture grass leaf material in both the presence of schwertmannite/jarosite (schwertmannite and jarosite treatments) minerals and their absence (control treatment) at 27...
July 17, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730836/effects-of-rapid-or-slow-body-weight-reduction-on-intramuscular-protein-degradation-pathways-during-equivalent-weight-loss-on-rats
#2
Y Nonaka, S Urashima, M Inai, S Nishimura, K Higashida, S Terada
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of short-term fasting-induced rapid weight loss with those of slower but equivalent body weight loss induced by daily calorie restriction on muscle protein degradation pathways and muscle protein content. Male Fischer rats were subjected to either 30 % calorie restriction for 2 weeks to slowly decrease body weight (Slow) or 3-day fasting to rapidly decrease body weight by a comparable level of that of the Slow group (Rapid). The final body weights were about 15 % lower in both the Slow and Rapid groups than in the Con group (p<0...
July 18, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730510/antiinflammation-and-antioxidant-effects-of-thalidomide-on-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-mice-and-human-lung-fibroblasts
#3
Xiaoying Dong, Xin Li, Minghui Li, Ming Chen, Qian Fan, Wei Wei
In this study, the potential effects of thalidomide (Thal) on bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis were investigated. BALB/C mice model of pulmonary fibrosis induced by an intratracheal instillation of BLM was adopted, and then was intraperitoneally injected with Thal (10, 20, 50 mg/kg) daily for 8 days, while the control and BLM-treated mouse groups were injected with a saline solution. The effects of Thal on pulmonary injury were evaluated by the lung wet/dry weight ratios and histopathological examination...
July 20, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728128/radionuclide-biokinetics-in-the-russian-sturgeon-and-phylogenetic-consistencies-with-cartilaginous-and-bony-marine-fishes
#4
Ross A Jeffree, Scott J Markich, Francois Oberhaensli, Jean-Louis Teyssie
The biokinetics of eight radionuclides ((241)Am, (109)Cd, (134)Cs, (75)Se, (54)Mn, (110m)Ag, (65)Zn, (60)Co) absorbed from the aquatic medium by juvenile Russian sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii) were experimentally determined in fresh (0.42‰) and brackish (9.0‰) waters, of a similar salinity range to the Caspian Sea, and in conjunction with chemical speciation modelling. Uptake and loss rate constants were determined for each radionuclide for a 14 day exposure at each salinity and during 28 days of exposure to radionuclide-free conditions...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723820/the-effects-of-cardiovascular-fitness-and-body-composition-on-maximal-core-temperature-in-collegiate-football-players-during-pre-season
#5
JoAnna M McClelland, Sandra Fowkes Godek, Pamela S Chlad, Deborah L Feairheller, Katherine E Morrison
This study evaluated the effects of BMI and aerobic fitness (VO2max) on maximal core temperature values (Tcmax) in 17 NCAA Division III football players during pre-season. The subjects included nine backs (BKs) and eight linemen (LM). VO2max testing was performed one week prior to pre-season. Core temperature was monitored via ingestible sensor every 10 min during practices on day 4(D1), day 5(D2), day 7(D3), and post-acclimatization on day 14(D4). Wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) was recorded on each collection day...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719739/graphene-electronic-tattoo-sensors
#6
Shideh Kabiri Ameri, Rebecca Ho, Hongwoo Jang, Li Tao, Youhua Wang, Liu Wang, David M Schnyer, Deji Akinwande, Nanshu Lu
Tattoo-like epidermal sensors are an emerging class of truly wearable electronics owing to their thinness and softness. While most of them are based on thin metal films, silicon membrane, or nanoparticle-based printable inks, we report a sub-micron thick, multimodal electronic tattoo sensors that are made of graphene. The graphene electronic tattoo (GET) is designed with filamentary serpentines and fabricated by a cost- and time-effective "wet transfer, dry patterning" method. It has a total thickness of 463 ± 30 nm, an optical transparency of ~85%, and a stretchability of more than 40%...
July 18, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719306/seasonal-variation-in-the-epidemiology-of-asymptomatic-plasmodium-falciparum-infections-across-two-catchment-areas-in-bongo-district-ghana
#7
Kathryn E Tiedje, Abraham R Oduro, Godfred Agongo, Thomas Anyorigiya, Daniel Azongo, Timothy Awine, Anita Ghansah, Mercedes Pascual, Kwadwo A Koram, Karen P Day
Understanding the epidemiology of asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum infections is critical for countries to move toward malaria elimination. Using different methods for parasite detection, we evaluated how seasonality, spatial location, and other factors affect the age-specific epidemiology of asymptomatic malaria in Bongo District, Ghana. Asymptomatic prevalence by microscopy decreased significantly from 42.5% at the end of the wet to 27.5% at the end of the dry season (P < 0.001). Using the 18S rRNA polymerase chain reactions (PCRs), all microscopy-negative samples were screened and prevalence of submicroscopic infections also decreased significantly from the wet (55...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717595/egg-clutch-dehydration-induces-early-hatching-in-red-eyed-treefrogs-agalychnis-callidryas
#8
María José Salica, James R Vonesh, Karen M Warkentin
Terrestrial eggs have evolved repeatedly in tropical anurans exposing embryos to the new threat of dehydration. Red-eyed treefrogs, Agalychnis callidryas, lay eggs on plants over water. Maternally provided water allows shaded eggs in humid sites to develop to hatching without rainfall, but unshaded eggs and those in less humid sites can die from dehydration. Hatching responses of amphibian eggs to dry conditions are known from two lineages with independent origins of terrestrial eggs. Here, we experimentally tested for dehydration-induced early hatching in another lineage (Agalychnis callidryas, Phyllomedusidae), representing a third independent origin of terrestrial eggs...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712474/postherpetic-neuralgia-practical-experiences-return-to-traditional-chinese-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Majid Avijgan, Seyedeh Tahoora Hajzargarbashi, Aliasghar Kamran, Mahtab Avijgan
Post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a complication of herpes zoster that can cause different types of pain in the affected area. It often occurs mainly in severe cases of herpes zoster. The problem is defined as a persisting pain for 90-120 days after relieving of acute phase of herpes lesions. This complication causes suffering in patients and reduces the quality of life. In western medicine's viewpoints, PHN is due to disturbance in local and dermatomal nerves. There are several topical and systemic drugs that are used to manage the pain relief...
June 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708031/persistence-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-and-total-escherichia-coli-in-feces-and-feedlot-surface-manure-from-cattle-fed-diets-with-and-without-corn-or-sorghum-wet-distillers-grains-with-solubles
#10
Elaine D Berry, James E Wells, Vincent H Varel, Kristin E Hales, Norasak Kalchayanand
Feeding corn wet distillers grains with solubles (WDGS) to cattle can increase the load of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in feces and on hides, but the mechanisms are not fully understood. The objective of these experiments was to examine a role for the persistence of E. coli O157:H7 in the feces and feedlot pen surfaces of cattle fed WDGS. In the first study, feces from steers fed 0, 20, 40, or 60% corn WDGS were inoculated with E. coli O157:H7. The E. coli O157:H7 numbers in feces from cattle fed 0% corn WDGS rapidly decreased (P < 0...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706224/postglacial-range-expansion-and-the-role-of-ecological-factors-in-driving-adaptive-evolution-of-musa-basjoo-var-formosana
#11
Jui-Hung Chen, Chun-Lin Huang, Yu-Long Lai, Chung-Te Chang, Pei-Chun Liao, Shih-Ying Hwang, Chih-Wen Sun
Genetic variation evolves during postglacial range expansion of a species and is important for adapting to varied environmental conditions. It is crucial for the future survival of a species. We investigate the nuclear DNA sequence variation to provide evidence of postglacial range expansion of Musa basjoo var. formosana, a wild banana species, and test for adaptive evolution of amplified fragment length polymorphic (AFLP) loci underlying local adaptation in association with environmental variables. Postglacial range expansion was suggested by phylogeographical analyses based on sequence variation of the second intron of copper zinc superoxide dismutase 2 gene...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705713/sn003-a-crf1-receptor-antagonist-attenuates-depressive-like-behavior-and-detrusor-overactivity-symptoms-induced-by-13-cis-retinoic-acid-in-rats
#12
Andrzej Wróbel, Urszula Doboszewska, Ewa Rechberger, Piotr Wlaź, Tomasz Rechberger
Overactive bladder (OAB) often co-exists with depression in women. The corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) system participates in the pathophysiology of both disorders. Therefore, we tested the effects of acute treatment with a reversible CRF receptor type-1 (CRF1) antagonist, SN003 (1mg/kg, i.v.), representatives of first (solifenacin, 0.03mg/kg, i.v.) and second (mirabegron, 1mg/kg, i.v.) line treatments for OAB as well as an antidepressant imipramine (30mg/kg, i.p.) on changes in depressive-like behavior and detrusor overactivity (DO) symptoms induced by a 6-week administration of 13-cis-retinoic acid (13-cis-RA, 1mg/kg/day, i...
July 10, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704154/the-use-of-a-micropore-particle-technology-in-the-treatment-of-acute-wounds
#13
E Ryan
OBJECTIVE: A clinical audit was performed to evaluate whether Acapsil micropore particle technology (MPPT) powder could improve the management of acute wounds to heal by secondary intention. METHOD: Wounds, which could be characterised as sloughy, wet and probably infected, normally managed by debridement followed by negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT), were included in the evaluation. The MPPT powder was applied topically to the wound surface either once daily or on alternate days, with each wound receiving a total of two to five applications...
July 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691728/intervention-to-diminish-dehydration-and-kidney-damage-among-sugarcane-workers
#14
David H Wegman, Jenny Apelqvist, Matteo Bottai, Ulf Ekström, Ramón García-Trabanino, Jason Glaser, Christer Hogstedt, Kristina Jakobsson, Emmanuel Jarquín, Rebekah A I Lucas, Ilana Weiss, Catharina Wesseling, Theo Bodin
Objective The aim of this study was to assess the potential to reduce kidney function damage during the implementation of a water, rest, shade (WRS) and efficiency intervention program among sugarcane workers. Methods A WRS intervention program adapted from the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) coupled with an efficiency program began two months into the 5-month harvest. One of the two groups of workers studied was provided with portable water reservoirs, mobile shaded tents, and scheduled rest periods...
July 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690618/identification-of-major-effect-qtls-for-agronomic-traits-and-cssls-in-rice-from-swarna-oryza-nivara-derived-backcross-inbred-lines
#15
Malathi Surapaneni, Divya Balakrishnan, Sukumar Mesapogu, Krishnam Raju Addanki, Venkateswara Rao Yadavalli, V G N Tripura Venkata, Sarla Neelamraju
Backcross inbred lines (BILs) derived from elite x wild crosses are very useful for basic studies and breeding. The aim of this study was to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with yield and related traits and to identify chromosomal segment substitution lines (CSSLs) from unselected BC2F8 BILs of Swarna/Oryza nivara IRGC81848. In all, 94 BILs were field evaluated in 2 years (wet seasons, 2014 and 2015) for nine traits; days to 50% flowering, days to maturity (DM), plant height (PH), number of tillers, number of productive tillers, panicle weight, yield per plant, bulk yield, and biomass...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675568/sciatic-nerve-regeneration-by-transplantation-of-schwann-cells-via-erythropoietin-controlled-releasing-polylactic-acid-multiwalled-carbon-nanotubes-gelatin-nanofibrils-neural-guidance-conduit
#16
Majid Salehi, Mahdi Naseri-Nosar, Somayeh Ebrahimi-Barough, Mohammdreza Nourani, Arash Khojasteh, Amir-Ali Hamidieh, Amir Amani, Saeed Farzamfar, Jafar Ai
The current study aimed to enhance the efficacy of peripheral nerve regeneration using an electrically conductive biodegradable porous neural guidance conduit for transplantation of allogeneic Schwann cells (SCs). The conduit was produced from polylactic acid (PLA), multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), and gelatin nanofibrils (GNFs) coated with the recombinant human erythropoietin-loaded chitosan nanoparticles (rhEpo-CNPs). The PLA/MWCNTs/GNFs/rhEpo-CNPs conduit had the porosity of 85.78 ± 0.70%, the contact angle of 77...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675310/effect-of-crude-protein-concentration-and-dietary-electrolyte-balance-on-litter-quality-foot-pad-dermatitis-growth-performance-and-processing-yields-in-two-medium-heavy-turkey-hybrids
#17
T Veldkamp, P M Hocking, L J Vinco
1. An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of crude protein (CP) concentration and dietary electrolyte balance (DEB) on growth performance, processing yields, litter quality and foot pad dermatitis (FPD) in male turkeys from two commercial hybrids. Soya bean meal was replaced by vegetable protein sources selected for lower K concentrations to lower DEB in order to improve litter quality and subsequent quality of foot pads. 2. Effects of CP on litter friability and wetness were not consistent during the production period...
July 4, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673757/anti-inflammatory-anti-apoptotic-and-pro-proliferative-effects-of-vitis-vinifera-seed-ethanolic-extract-in-the-liver-of-streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced-diabetes-in-male-rats
#18
Nelli Giribabu, Kamarulzaman Karim, Eswar Kumar Kilari, Normadiah M Kassim, Naguib Salleh
OBJECTIVES: Consumption of Vitis vinifera seed has been reported to ameliorate liver pathology in diabetes mellitus; however, the mechanisms underlying its effects remain unknown. In this study, the anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and pro-proliferative effects of the ethanolic seed extract of V. vinifera (VVSEE) in the liver in cases of diabetes were identified. METHODS: Adult male rats with streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced diabetes were given 50, 100 or 200 mg/kg body weight VVSEE orally for 28 days...
June 30, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672996/salvianolic-acid-b-attenuates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-lung-injury-in-rats-through-inhibition-of-apoptosis-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation
#19
Da-Hai Zhao, Yu-Jie Wu, Shu-Ting Liu, Rong-Yu Liu
The present study was performed to assess the protective effect of salvianolic acid B on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Sprague Dawley rats were injected with 100 µg/kg LPS through a 24-gauge catheter. One group of rats was pre-treated with salvianolic acid B (1 mg/ml; 20 ml/kg body weight) 1 h prior to LPS challenge, then 20 ml/kg salvianolic acid B every 2 days for 4 weeks thereafter. Salvianolic acid B attenuated LPS-induced increases in the lung wet/dry weight rate and lung tissue injury in ALI model rats...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672975/the-protective-effect-of-ginsenoside-rg1-on-aging-mouse-pancreas-damage-induced-by-d-galactose
#20
Zhaoying Dong, Mengxiong Xu, Jie Huang, Linbo Chen, Jieyu Xia, Xiongbin Chen, Rong Jiang, Lu Wang, Yaping Wang
The protective effect and mechanism of Ginsenoside Rg1 on aging mouse pancreas damaged by D-galactose (D-gal)-induced was studied. Two-month-old male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into three groups of 10 mice per group. The D-gal group of mice received hypodermic injection of D-gal (120 mg/kg/day) for 42 days; the Rg1+D-gal group of mice receiving D-gal + intraperitoneal injection Rg1 (40 mg/kg/day) for 27 days from the 16th day of D-gal replication; and the naïve group that constituted the normal control mice receiving the same dose of saline instead of the drug...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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