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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792701/spatial-and-temporal-variability-in-emissions-of-fluorinated-gases-from-a-california-landfill
#1
Nazli Yesiller, James L Hanson, Alexander H Sohn, Jean Bogner, Donald R Blake
Emissions of twelve F-gases and methane were quantified using large-scale static chambers as a function of cover type (daily, intermediate, final) and seasonal variation (wet, dry) at a California landfill. The majority of the F-gas fluxes was positive and varied over 7 orders of magnitude across the cover types in a given season (wet: 10-8 to 10-1 g/m2-day; dry: 10-9 to 10-2 g/m2-day). The highest fluxes were from active filling areas with thin, coarse-grained daily covers, whereas the lowest fluxes were from the thick, fine-grained final cover...
May 24, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788126/characterizing-the-acute-heat-stress-response-in-gilts-ii-assessing-repeatability-and-association-with-fertility
#2
Kody L Graves, Jacob T Seibert, Aileen F Keating, Lance H Baumgard, Jason W Ross
Mitigating heat stress (HS) in swine production is important as it detrimentally affects multiple aspects of overall animal production efficiency. Study objectives were to determine if gilts characterized as tolerant (TOL) or susceptible (SUS) in response to HS maintain that phenotype later in life and if that phenotype influences reproductive ability during HS. Individual gilts identified as TOL (n = 50) or SUS (n = 50) from a prepubertal HS challenge were selected based on their rectal temperature (TR) during acute HS...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785985/effect-of-wet-laboratory-training-on-resident-performed-manual-small-incision-cataract-surgery
#3
Soumya Ramani, Thanuja Gopal Pradeep, Divya D Sundaresh
Purpose: The aim of this study was to study the effect of wet-laboratory training on the surgical outcome of resident performed manual small-incision cataract surgery (MSICS). Methods: We conducted a retrospective, comparative observational study on resident performed MSICS in our institute. We collected data of 464 patients of which Group A had 232 cases performed by residents without prior wet-laboratory training and Group B had 232 resident performed cases after adequate skill training in the wet laboratory...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785085/-wet-transepithelial-phototherapeutic-keratectomy-in-the-management-of-persistent-epithelial-defects-in-the-graft
#4
Sergei V Churashov, Elena V Kudryashova, Alexei N Kulikov, Ernest V Boiko, Valerii F Chernysh, Dmitrii S Maltsev
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of "wet" transepithelial phototherapeutic keratectomy (TE-PTK) for treating persistent epithelial defects (PEDs) in the corneal graft following penetrating keratoplasty (PKP). Methods: This study describes a noncomparative, prospective interventional case series. Patients with post-PKP graft epithelial defects lasting >3 months despite previous treatments with extensive wear soft contact lenses, amniotic membrane transplantation, and tarsorrhaphy were treated with wet TE-PTK...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784132/effect-of-the-self-efficacy-enhancing-active-cycle-of-breathing-technique-on-lung-cancer-patients-with-lung-resection-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#5
Mei Yang, Jiu-di Zhong, Jun-E Zhang, Xiao-Xiao Huang, Chuan-Zhen Li, Zhang-Xiang Hong, Si-Wen Zhang
PURPOSE: Enhancing self-efficacy during the active cycle of breathing technique is essential for realizing the full benefit of pulmonary rehabilitation among lung cancer patients. This study aimed to explore the effect of self-efficacy-enhancing active cycle of breathing technique (SEE-ACBT) among patients with lung resection. METHOD: A quasi-experimental trial with a pre-post test design was performed. The control group (n = 81) received routine perioperative care, and the intervention group (n = 81) received SEE-ACBT in addition to routine perioperative care...
June 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784062/multidrug-resistant-proteus-mirabilis-and-escherichia-coli-causing-fulminant-necrotising-fasciitis-a-case-report
#6
Eugene Vernyuy Yeika, Joyce Bei Foryoung, Derrick Tembi Efie, Eugene Adze Nkwetateba, Paul Nkemtendong Tolefac, Marcelin Ngowe Ngowe
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare soft tissue infection characterized by rapid progressive necrosis with relative sparing of underlying muscles. This case is reported to highlight the emergence of multidrug resistant microbes in recent days which limits the use of empiric antibiotic therapy and necessitates early cultures and sensitivity enabling targeted antibiotic therapy. Factors that lead to antimicrobial resistance especially in sub-Saharan Africa have also been discussed...
May 21, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778793/impact-of-vermiculite-on-ammonia-emissions-and-organic-matter-decomposition-of-food-waste-during-composting
#7
Zaihua He, Hong Lin, Jiewei Hao, Xiangshi Kong, Kai Tian, Zhanlin Bei, Xingjun Tian
This study investigated the effects of adding vermiculite to the food waste composting process. Four treatments with varying vermiculite percent compositions, 0%, 5%, 10% and 15% (w/w, wet weight of food waste basis) mixed with initial food waste were designed and then composted for 42 days. Results show that adding vermiculite prolongs the thermophilic phase, speeds up the organic matter loss, reduces the NH3 emissions and electrical conductivity values. Compared to the control, the amount of nitrogen loss through NH3 emissions in the treatments of 5%, 10% and 15% vermiculite decreased by 9...
May 9, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774514/summary-of-historical-terrestrial-toxicity-data-for-the-brominated-flame-retardant-tetrabromobisphenol-a-tbbpa-effects-on-soil-microorganisms-earthworms-and-seedling-emergence
#8
Klaus P Rothenbacher, Alison M Pecquet
This article summarizes historical and recent research on the terrestrial toxicology of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA). Despite its ubiquitous use and presence in the environment, little published data is available to evaluate the terrestrial ecotoxicity of TBBPA. The purposes of this paper are to enable broad access to a series of TBBPA ecotoxicity tests (nitrogen transformation, earthworm survival/reproduction, and seedling emergence/growth) that were conducted in support of regulatory risk assessments, and to summarize available research in the terrestrial toxicity of TBBPA...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773181/mercury-and-selenium-in-fishes-from-the-tapaj%C3%A3-s-river-in-the-brazilian-amazon-an-evaluation-of-human-exposure
#9
A S Lino, D Kasper, Y S Guida, J R Thomaz, O Malm
This work aimed to evaluate associated risks of fish consumption to human health, concerning mercury (Hg) and selenium (Se) concentrations in fish species largely consumed in the Tapajós River basin in the Brazilian Amazon. Total mercury (THg), methylmercury (MeHg) and Se concentrations were measured in 129 fish specimens from four sites of the Tapajós River basin. Estimated daily intake (EDI) of Hg and Se were reported regarding fish consumption. EDI were compared with the reference value of provisional tolerable daily intake proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO)...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772273/effect-of-formulation-and-process-variables-on-lipid-based-sustained-release-tablets-via-continuous-twin-screw-granulation-a-comparative-study
#10
Venkata Raman Kallakunta, Roshan Tiwari, Sandeep Sarabu, Suresh Bandari, Michael A Repka
The current study's aim is to prepare lipid based sustained release tablets via a twin-screw granulation technique and compare those dosage forms with conventional techniques, namely wet granulation and direct compression. The granules were successfully manufactured in a single-step, continuous twin-screw granulation process with a low proportion of binder (Klucel™ EF, HPC SSL) using Compritol® 888 ATO, Precirol® ATO 5 and Geleol™ as sustained release agents. The granules prepared showed good flow characteristics and compaction properties...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768078/wet-wrap-therapy-with-halometasone-cream-for-severe-adult-atopic-dermatitis
#11
Wei Xu, Yan Li, Zeyu Chen, Teng Liu, Shan Wang, Linfeng Li
BACKGROUND: Currently there is no cure for severe atopic dermatitis (AD). Wet-wrap therapy (WWT) has also been used to treat pediatric AD and shown a satisfactory effectiveness, but clinical evidence supporting the use of WWT on severe adult AD is still insufficient. METHODS: Twelve patients (8 men and 4 women) with severe AD (SCORing Atopic Dermatitis [SCORAD] score≥50) treated between January 2015 and September 2017 in our hospital were included. The patients underwent WWT (daily dose: 15g halometasone cream+100g Vaseline ointment) twice daily for 2 hours/session for 7 days...
May 16, 2018: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767143/okara-as-a-protein-supplement-affects-feed-intake-and-milk-composition-of-ewes-and-growth-performance-of-lambs
#12
Laura B Harthan, Debbie J R Cherney
Evaluating the feeding value of wet okara as a protein supplement for lactating ewes with twin lambs was the objective. A 4 × 4 Latin square replicated 2× (4 sheep, 4 treatments, 4 periods per square; 2 squares) was conducted to examine the influence of concentrate mix (okara or not) and type of forage (silage or hay) on ewe milk composition and growth of their lactating lambs. Treatment periods were 14 days (7 days adaptation and 7 days collection). Ewes (55 to 74.8 kg BW) were fed 1 of 4 diets: wheat middling and corn concentrate with mixed grass hay (TSH), okara and corn with mixed grass hay (OSH), soybean and wheat middlings with hay crop silage (TSS), and okara and corn with hay crop silage (OSS)...
June 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766021/transduction-patterns-of-adeno-associated-viral-vectors-in-a-laser-induced-choroidal-neovascularization-mouse-model
#13
Si Hyung Lee, Ye Seul Kim, Seung Kwan Nah, Hee Jong Kim, Ha Yan Park, Jin Young Yang, Keerang Park, Tae Kwann Park
Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector is a promising platform technology for ocular gene therapy. Recently clinical successes to treat choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in wet type age-related macular degeneration have been reported. However, because pathologic conditions of the retina may alter the tropism of viral vectors, it is necessary to evaluate the transduction efficiency of different serotypes of AAV vectors in the retinas with CNVs. Here, we show the patterns and efficacy of transduction of AAV2, -5, and -8 vectors in a laser-induced CNV mouse model...
June 15, 2018: Molecular Therapy. Methods & Clinical Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761326/fusariosis-in-a-captive-south-american-sea-lion-otaria-flavescens-a-case-report
#14
Laura Reisfeld, Carlos Sacristán, Paloma Canedo, Bruna Schwarz, Ana Carolina Ewbank, Fernando Esperón, José Luiz Catão-Dias
Superficial mycoses are commonly reported in captive pinnipeds, usually maintained in wet and warm environments, favorable to fungal growth. Most superficial mycoses in pinnipeds have been described as difficult to treat; however, the majority of the reports come from past decades. Cutaneous lesions associated with opportunistic Fusarium sp. infections have been previously recognized in this taxon. We described the clinical signs, associated lesions and diagnosis (thermography, imprint cytology, histopathology, culture, electron microscopy, PCR) of a fusariosis case by Fusarium sp...
May 14, 2018: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757442/effect-of-intravenous-fluid-volumes-on-the-adrenal-glucocorticoid-response-after-burn-injury-in-swine
#15
Belinda I Gómez, Celestine He, Tony Chao, Michael A Dubick, David M Burmeister
Objective: Severe thermal injury induces metabolic and physiological stress, prompting a disruption in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The objective of this study was to evaluate potential confounding effects of Lactated Ringer's (LR) resuscitation on adrenal damage and cortisol production following burn. Methods: Anesthetized swine were instrumented with jugular catheters and sustained 40% TBSA burns from brass probes heated to 100ºC. Animals recovered to consciousness and received IV fluid resuscitation with LR at two different volumes: 15 mL/kg/day (Limited Volume; LV, n=6) or 2 mL/kg/%TBSA/day (Modified Brooke; MB, n=6)...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753213/onabotulinumtoxina-detrusor-injection-improves-female-sexual-function-in-women-with-overactive-bladder-wet-syndrome
#16
Matteo Balzarro, Emanuele Rubilotta, Andrea Braga, Silvia Bassi, Tania Processali, Walter Artibani, Maurizio Serati
OBJECTIVES: The correlation between changes in sexual function and improvements in LUTD in patients treated with OnabotulinumtoxinA (onaBoNT-A) detrusor injection is unclear and limited only to women with neurogenic OAB. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of OnabotulinumtoxinA (onaBoNT-A) injection on sexual function in women undergoing this treatment for idiopathic wet overactive bladder (OAB). STUDY DESIGN: This is a pilot three-center observational study including women affected by idiopathic wet overactive bladder refractory to standard conservative treatments and underwent onaBoNT-A injection...
May 5, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753188/risk-assessment-of-total-mercury-and-methylmercury-in-aquatic-products-from-offshore-farms-in-china
#17
Wei Zhang, Xue Zhang, Yuling Tian, Yan Zhu, Yindong Tong, Ying Li, Xuejun Wang
Contamination of methylmercury (MeHg) in aquatic products has been a wide spread health concern. The objective of this study is to determine total mercury (THg) and MeHg concentrations in different species of aquatic products from major offshore farms in China, and to assess health impacts from consumption. Results showed that the concentrations of THg and MeHg ranged 5.6-328.4 ng/g (wet weight) and 4.3-303.6 ng/g (wet weight) in aquatic products, respectively, and were very variable among species and origin sources...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750796/the-potential-of-biochar-in-improving-drainage-aeration-and-maize-yields-in-heavy-clay-soils
#18
Alfred Obia, Jan Mulder, Sarah Elizabeth Hale, Neneng Laela Nurida, Gerard Cornelissen
Heavy clay soils are globally widespread but their poor drainage and poor aeration limit their use for agriculture. This study was designed to test the effect of the amendment of biochar (BC) from woody shrubs on drainage/saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat), soil aeration/air capacity, available water capacity and biomass and grain yields of maize. In a field experiment, BC from Gliricidia sepium was applied in planting basins or rip lines at 2.5% and 5% w/w in addition to a control without BC. The maize biomass and grain yields were higher in BC treated plots compared to control (p<0...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749273/enhanced-osteogenic-activity-with-boron-doped-nanohydroxyapatite-loaded-poly-butylene-adipate-co-terephthalate-fibrous-3d-matrix
#19
Aysu Arslan, Soner Çakmak, Menemşe Gümüşderelioğlu
In this study, three dimensional (3D) poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) fibrous scaffolds with more than 90% porosity were fabricated via wet electrospinning method. Amorphous hydroxyapatite (HAp) and boron (B) doped hydroxyapatite (B-HAp) nanoparticles were produced by microwave-assisted biomimetic precipitation and encapsulated into PBAT fibres with the ratio of 5% (w/w) in order to enhance osteogenic activity of the scaffolds. Cell culture studies were carried out with human bone marrow derived stem cells (hBMSCs) and they showed that alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and the amounts of collagen and calcium were higher on B containing PBAT (B-HAp-PBAT) scaffolds during the 28-day culture period than that of the PBAT scaffolds...
May 11, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745137/-temporal-and-spatial-variations-of-extreme-climatic-events-in-songnen-grassland-northeast-china-during-1960-2014
#20
Qi Yun Ma, Ji Quan Zhang, Quan Lai, Feng Zhang, Zhen Hua Dong, Lu Si A
Fourteen extreme climatic indices related with main regional meteorological disasters and vegetation growth were calculated based on daily data from 13 meteorological stations during 1960-2014 in Songnen Grassland, Northeast China. Then, the variation trend and the spatial and temporal patterns of climatic extreme events were analyzed by using regression analysis, break trend analy-sis, Mann-Kendall test, Sen's slope estimator and moving t-test method. The results indicated that summer days (SU25), warm days (TX90P), warm nights (TN90P) and warm spell duration (WSDI) representing extremely high temperatures showed significant increasing trends (P<0...
June 18, 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
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