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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732151/patients-attitudes-and-experiences-of-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-spondyloarthritis-a-qualitative-synthesis
#1
Ayano Kelly, Kathleen Tymms, David J Tunnicliffe, Daniel Sumpton, Chandima Perera, Kieran Fallon, Jonathan C Craig, Walter Abhayaratna, Allison Tong
OBJECTIVES: Non-adherence to disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDS) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritis (SpA) results in increased disease activity and symptoms and poorer quality of life. We aimed to describe patients' attitudes and experiences of DMARDs in RA and SpA to inform strategies to improve medication adherence. METHODS: Databases (MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL) were searched to January 2016. Thematic synthesis was used to analyze the findings...
July 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731856/bullying-its-effects-on-attitude-towards-class-attendance-and-the-contribution-of-physical-and-dentofacial-features-among-adolescents-in-northern-nigeria
#2
Oguchi Chikaodi, Yahaya Abdulmanan, Adeyemi Tope Emmanuel, Jibril Muhammad, Modu Adam Mohammed, Akpasa Izegboya, Otuyemi Olayinka Donald, Sani Balarabe
Background Bullying is a worldwide problem with varying consequences. Victims of school bullying may be targeted for many reasons including their appearance. They may also fear school and have difficulties in concentration. Objective This study aimed to determine the prevalence of bullying amongst adolescents in Kano, Northern Nigeria, the contribution of physical features and the perceived effect of bullying on their academic performance and school attendance. Subjects and methods Eight hundred and thirty-five students aged between 12 years and 17 years from eight randomly selected secondary schools in Kano, Nigeria took part in this study...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731649/opinions-of-members-of-the-national-civil-family-proceedings-and-criminal-courts-in-withholding-or-withdrawing-of-life-support-situations-in-pediatrics
#3
Jorge O Selandari, María S Ciruzzi, Adriel J Roitman, Fernanda Ledesma, Célica Menéndez, Hernán O García
INTRODUCTION: The possibility of sustaining life functions makes it difficult to distinguish between a dying patient and a patient with chances of survival, raising a dilemma for everyone around them. On the one side, continuing with life support techniques that would only extend an irreversible process and result in physical and psychological damage and harm their dignity. On the other side, withholding or withdrawing life support without an adequate reflection and diagnostic-therapeutic effort which may lead to the death of a potentially recoverable child...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731510/the-association-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-with-incidental-falls-and-fear-of-falling-in-later-life-the-community-health-survey
#4
Kyu Shik Kim, Ji Won Nam, Bo Youl Choi, Hong Sang Moon
AIM: To evaluate the association between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and incidental falls and fear of falling. METHODS: We used data obtained from the 2011 Korean Community Health Survey (KCHS) conducted between August and October 2011 in South Korea. The survey was carried out to estimate patterns of disease prevalence and morbidity in men >40 years old. The trained interviewers performed face-to-face sociodemographic questionnaires using computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) software, the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), the Quality of Life score (EQ-5D), and a questionnaire about past falls and fear of falling...
July 21, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730345/does-fear-beget-fear-risk-mediated-habitat-selection-triggers-predator-avoidance-at-lower-trophic-levels
#5
Carmen K Blubaugh, Ivy V Widick, Ian Kaplan
Non-consumptive effects (NCEs) of predators are ubiquitous in food webs with well-detailed impacts on trophic cascades over multiple levels. However, integrating NCEs with other predator-mediated interactions, like intraguild predation, as well as context-specific habitat factors that shape top-down pressure, remains a challenge. Focusing on two common seed predators, mice (Peromyscus spp.) and carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae), we quantify trophic and behavioral consequences of predation risk and availability of refuge vegetation on both intraguild predators (mice) and intraguild prey (beetles)...
July 20, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730259/clinical-manifestations-and-morphological-changes-in-one-case-with-post-stroke-kl%C3%A3-ver-bucy-syndrome
#6
Nicolae Cătălin Hreniuc, Carmen NeamŢu, Mircea Florin Sferdian, Cristina Georgiana Ghib Para, Cris Virgiliu Precup, Ioan Ioiart
We present the case of a 71-year-old right-handed male, admitted to the Department of Neurology, Emergency County Hospital of Arad, Romania, on November 2015, with a rare case of Klüver-Bucy syndrome (KBS), following an ischemic stroke of the right temporal lobe, which was previously diagnosed in December 2014 and was treated accordingly. At the moment of second hospital admission, the patient was found somnolent and confused at home, with traumatic signs of biting of the tongue and urine emission. A couple days after admission, our patient became alert and presented hypersexuality, hypermetamorphosis, increased oral tendency, behavior changes including apathy with loss of anger and fear, and a very increased appetite, transient visual agnosia and right-left disorientation...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729826/sleep-dependent-oscillatory-synchronization-a-role-in-fear-memory-consolidation
#7
Michael S Totty, Logan A Chesney, Phillip A Geist, Subimal Datta
Sleep plays an important role in memory consolidation through the facilitation of neuronal plasticity; however, how sleep accomplishes this remains to be completely understood. It has previously been demonstrated that neural oscillations are an intrinsic mechanism by which the brain precisely controls neural ensembles. Inter-regional synchronization of these oscillations is also known to facilitate long-range communication and long-term potentiation (LTP). In the present study, we investigated how the characteristic rhythms found in local field potentials (LFPs) during non-REM and REM sleep play a role in emotional memory consolidation...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729567/the-importance-of-acknowledgement-of-emotions-in-routine-patient-psychological-assessment-the-example-of-the-dental-setting
#8
(no author information available yet)
Does active engagement by the dentist exploring their patient's fear, allay dental anxiety?
July 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729022/boldness-psychopathic-traits-predict-reduced-gaze-toward-fearful-eyes-in-men-with-a-history-of-violence
#9
Steven M Gillespie, Pia Rotshtein, Anthony R Beech, Ian J Mitchell
Research with developmental and adult samples has shown a relationship of psychopathic traits with reduced eye gaze. However, these relationships remained to be investigated among forensic samples. Here we examined the eye movements of male violent offenders during an emotion recognition task. Violent offenders performed similar to non-offending controls, and their eye movements varied with the emotion and intensity of the facial expression. In the violent offender group Boldness psychopathic traits, but not Meanness or Disinhibition, were associated with reduced dwell time and fixation counts, and slower first fixation latencies, on the eyes compared with the mouth...
July 17, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728572/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-on-malaria-transmission-in-mamfene-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa-2015
#10
Pinky N Manana, Lazarus Kuonza, Alfred Musekiwa, Hluphi D Mpangane, Lizette L Koekemoer
BACKGROUND: In South Africa malaria is endemic in Mpumalanga, Limpopo and the north-eastern areas of KwaZulu-Natal provinces. South Africa has set targets to eliminate malaria by 2018 and research into complementary vector control tools such as the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) is ongoing. It is important to understand community perceptions regarding malaria transmission and control interventions to enable development of community awareness campaign messages appropriate to the needs of the community...
July 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728555/medical-homelessness-and-candidacy-women-transiting-between-prison-and-community-health-care
#11
Penelope Abbott, Parker Magin, Joyce Davison, Wendy Hu
BACKGROUND: Women in contact with the prison system have high health needs. Short periods in prison and serial incarcerations are common. Examination of their experiences of health care both in prison and in the community may assist in better supporting their wellbeing and, ultimately, decrease their risk of returning to prison. METHODS: We interviewed women in prisons in Sydney, Australia, using pre-release and post-release interviews. We undertook thematic analysis of the combined interviews, considering them as continuing narratives of their healthcare experiences...
July 20, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728444/determinants-of-pain-disability-health-related-quality-of-life-and-physical-performance-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-awaiting-total-joint-arthroplasty
#12
Véronique Lowry, Philippe Ouellet, Pascal-André Vendittoli, Lisa C Carlesso, Timothy H Wideman, François Desmeules
PURPOSE: In patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis awaiting knee arthroplasty, to measure associations between several selected determinants and pain, disability, health-related quality of life and physical performance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Validated self-reported measures were collected: (1) Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, (2) Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS) and (3) Short-Form 36 (SF-36). Physical performance was also assessed with four validated performance tests...
July 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728212/men-s-information-seeking-behaviour-regarding-cancer-risk-and-screening-a-meta-narrative-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Mohamad M Saab, Mary Reidy, Josephine Hegarty, Mairin O'Mahony, Mike Murphy, Christian Von Wagner, Frances J Drummond
OBJECTIVE: Preventive strategies are known to reduce cancer risk and incidence and improve prognosis. Men seldom seek medical information about cancer prevention and risk reduction. The aim of this meta-narrative systematic review was to critically appraise evidence from qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods studies that explored men's information-seeking behaviours in relation to cancer prevention and risk reduction. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Education Full Text, and ERIC were systematically searched for studies published in English between January 1(st) 2006 and May 30(th) 2016...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728118/threatening-events-theme-of-cognitive-biases-mediates-the-relationship-between-fear-of-social-situations-and-delusion-like-experiences-among-healthy-adults
#14
Katarzyna Prochwicz, Joanna Kłosowska, Milena Karpowska
Social anxiety (SA) is frequently observed among patients diagnosed with psychosis as well as among individuals with delusion-like experiences (DLEs). A heightened level of SA has been recognized to precede the development of psychotic symptoms; however, the detailed mechanisms that link SA to delusional ideation remain unrecognized. Since social anxiety is associated with the presence of cognitive biases and biased cognitive processes have been found to play a role in the development and maintenance of delusions, we hypothesized that cognitive biases may mediate in the relationship between social anxiety and DLEs...
July 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727897/the-course-of-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-different-patterns-by-age-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#15
Daniëlle E J Starreveld, Sabine E Markovitz, Gerard van Breukelen, Madelon L Peters
OBJECTIVE: To examine the time course and predictors of fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) in breast cancer survivors over a period of 18 months after initial surgery. METHODS: Breast cancer patients (n = 267) were followed until 18 months after primary breast surgery. Shortly after surgery, participants completed the Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) to measure optimism and the Concerns about Recurrence Scale (CARS) to measure FCR. Mixed regression analysis was performed with age, optimism, marital status, education, type of surgery, with or without lymphectomy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or radiotherapy, time since surgery and all interactions with time as predictors of FCR...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727892/end-of-life-experiences-of-family-caregivers-of-deceased-patients-with-cancer-a-nation-wide-survey
#16
Kayo Hirooka, Hiroyuki Otani, Tatsuya Morita, Tomofumi Miura, Hiroki Fukahori, Maho Aoyama, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Yasuo Shima, Satoru Tsuneto, Mitsunori Miyashita
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was (1) to describe the end-of-life experience of family caregivers of cancer patients, (2) to describe talking about death and dying of the patient to minor children, and (3) to examine the association of family caregivers' experiences by their characteristics and talking about death and dying of the patient. METHODS: A cross-sectional nationwide survey of bereaved family caregivers was conducted. In total, 968 questionnaires were sent to bereaved family caregivers, and 711 were completed and returned...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727818/prep-in-italy-the-time-may-be-ripe-but-who-s-paying-the-bill-a-nationwide-survey-on-physicians-attitudes-towards-using-antiretrovirals-to-prevent-hiv-infection
#17
Antonio Di Biagio, Niccolò Riccardi, Alessio Signori, Renato Maserati, Silvia Nozza, Andrea Gori, Stefano Bonora, Marco Borderi, Diego Ripamonti, Maria Cristina Rossi, Giancarlo Orofino, Tiziana Quirino, Giuseppe Nunnari, Benedetto Maurizio Celesia, Salvatore Martini, Caterina Sagnelli, Giovanni Mazzola, Pietro Colletti, Dario Bartolozzi, Teresa Bini, Nicoletta Ladisa, Filippo Castelnuovo, Annalisa Saracino, Sergio Lo Caputo
Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of the oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with tenofovir (with or without emtricitabine) on preventing HIV-negative partners of HIV infected patients to become infected through sexual contacts. PrEP is already available in the United States and now is approved by European Medicine Agency. In this setting we would like to gauge physicians' knowledge, acquaintance with and attitude to include PrEP in their clinical practice. A cross sectional survey was conducted among Italian physicians expert on antiretroviral therapy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727687/hippocampus-dependent-memory-and-allele-specific-gene-expression-in-adult-offspring-of-alcohol-consuming-dams-after-neonatal-treatment-with-thyroxin-or-metformin
#18
E Tunc-Ozcan, S L Wert, P H Lim, A Ferreira, E E Redei
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), the result of fetal alcohol exposure (FAE), affects 2-11% of children worldwide, with no effective treatments. Hippocampus-based learning and memory deficits are key symptoms of FASD. Our previous studies show hypothyroxinemia and hyperglycemia of the alcohol-consuming pregnant rat, which likely affects fetal neurodevelopment. We administered vehicle, thyroxine (T4) or metformin to neonatal rats post FAE and rats were tested in the hippocampus-dependent contextual fear-conditioning paradigm in adulthood...
July 20, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726454/attitude-roots-and-jiu-jitsu-persuasion-understanding-and-overcoming-the-motivated-rejection-of-science
#19
Matthew J Hornsey, Kelly S Fielding
There is a worryingly large chasm between scientific consensus and popular opinion. Roughly one third of Americans are skeptical that humans are primarily responsible for climate change; rates of some infectious diseases are climbing in the face of anti-immunization beliefs; and significant numbers of the population worldwide are antievolution creationists. It is easy to assume that resistance to an evidence-based message is a result of ignorance or failure to grasp evidence (the "deficit model" of science communication)...
July 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726338/household-fear-of-deportation-in-mexican-origin-families-relation-to-body-mass-index-percentiles-and-salivary-uric-acid
#20
Airín D Martínez, Lillian Ruelas, Douglas A Granger
OBJECTIVE: Fear of deportation (FOD) is a prevalent concern among mixed-status families. Yet, our understanding of how FOD shapes human health and development is in its infancy. To begin to address this knowledge gap, we examined the relationship between household FOD, body mass index (BMI) percentiles and salivary uric acid (sUA), a biomarker related to oxidative stress/hypertension/metabolic syndrome, among 111 individuals living in Mexican-origin families. METHODS: Participants were 65 children (2 months-17 years, 49% female) and 46 adults (20-58 years, 71% female) living in 30 Mexican-origin families with at least one immigrant parent in Phoenix, AZ...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
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