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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533233/epidemic-emergence-in-the-united-states-of-escherichia-coli-sequence-type-131-h30-2000-2009
#1
James R Johnson, Stephen Porter, Paul Thuras, Mariana Castanheira
The H30 subclone of Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131) has become the leading antimicrobial-resistance E. coli lineage in the U.S., and often exhibits resistance to one or both of two key antimicrobial classes for treating Gram-negative infections, extended-spectrum cephalosporins (ESCs) and fluoroquinolones (FQs). However, the timing of and reasons for its recent emergence are inadequately defined. Accordingly, from E. coli clinical isolates collected systematically across the U.S. by the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Programs in 2000, 2003, 2006, and 2009, 234 isolates were selected randomly, stratified by year, within three resistance categories: (i) ESC-reduced susceptibility, regardless of FQ phenotype (hereafter, ESC-RS), (ii) FQ-resistant, ESC-susceptible (hereafter, FQ-R), and (iii) FQ-susceptible, ESC-susceptible (hereafter, FQ-S)...
May 22, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439032/inactivation-of-transcriptional-regulators-during-within-household-evolution-of-escherichia-coli
#2
Dagmara I Kisiela, Matthew Radey, Sandip Paul, Stephen Porter, Kseniya Polukhina, Veronika Tchesnokova, Sofiya Shevchenko, Diana Chan, Maliha Aziz, Timothy J Johnson, Lance B Price, James R Johnson, Evgeni V Sokurenko
We analyzed the within-household evolution of two household-associated Escherichia coli strains from pandemic clonal group ST131-H30, using isolates recovered from five individuals within two families, each of which had a distinct strain. Family 1's strain was represented by a urine isolate from the index patient (older sister) with recurrent cystitis, and a blood isolate from her younger sister with fatal urosepsis. Family 2's strain was represented by a urine isolate from the index patient (father) with pyelonephritis and renal abscesses, blood and kidney drainage isolates from the daughter with emphysematous pyelonephritis, and urine and fecal isolates from the mother with cystitis...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429685/interlayer-crosslinked-micelles-prepared-from-star-shaped-copolymers-via-click-chemistry-for-sustained-drug-release
#3
Xiaojin Zhang, Hongquan Wang, Yu Dai
To balance the stability and the particle size of polymeric micelles, star-shaped copolymers Hx-yne-N3-PEG containing both alkynyl and azido groups were synthesized from hyperbranched 2,2-bismethylolpropionic acid polyester (H20 with 16 hydroxyl, H30 with 32 hydroxyl, H40 with 64 hydroxyl) to develop interlayer-crosslinked micelles by click chemistry. The results of dynamic light scattering indicate that the crosslinking could enhance the stability of polymeric micelles. The crosslinked micelles are regular nanosized (approximately 20 nm) spheres observed by a transmission electron microscope...
May 19, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412380/colonization-by-multidrug-resistant-organisms-in-long-term-care-facilities-in-italy-a-point-prevalence-study
#4
Maria Giufrè, Enrico Ricchizzi, Marisa Accogli, Fabrizio Barbanti, Monica Monaco, Fernanda Pimentel de Araujo, Claudio Farina, Paolo Fazii, Romano Mattei, Mario Sarti, Agostino Barozzi, Rossella Buttazzi, Marina Cosentino, Maria Nardone, Vincenzo Savini, Patrizia Spigaglia, Annalisa Pantosti, Maria Luisa Moro, Marina Cerquetti
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine prevalence and risk factors for colonization by multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) in long-term care facility (LTCF) residents in Italy. Genotypes of MDRO isolates were investigated. METHODS: A point-prevalence study was conducted at 12 LTCFs located in 4 Italian cities (2 February-14 March 2015). Rectal swabs, faeces and nasal/auxiliary swabs were cultured for extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)- and/or carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae, Clostridium difficile and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), respectively...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347271/the-st131-escherichia-coli-h22-subclone-from-human-intestinal-microbiota-comparison-of-genomic-and-phenotypic-traits-with-those-of-the-globally-successful-h30-subclone
#5
Marie-Hélène Nicolas-Chanoine, Marie Petitjean, Azucena Mora, Noémie Mayer, Jean-Philippe Lavigne, Olivier Boulet, Véronique Leflon-Guibout, Jorge Blanco, Didier Hocquet
BACKGROUND: In 2006, we found healthy subjects carrying ST131 Escherichia coli in their intestinal microbiota consisting of two populations: a subdominant population of fluoroquinolone-resistant E. coli belonging to subclone H30 (H30-R or subclade C1), the current worldwide dominant ST131 subclone, and a dominant E. coli population composed of antibiotic-susceptible E. coli belonging to subclone H22 (clade B), the precursor of subclone H30. We sequenced the whole genome of fecal H22 strain S250, compared it to the genomes of ExPEC ST131 H30-Rx strain JJ1886 and commensal ST131 H41 strain SE15, sought the H22-H30 genomic differences in our fecal strains and assessed their phenotypic consequences...
March 27, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257756/bacteraemia-due-to-non-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-o25b-h4-sequence-type-131-insights-into-risk-factors-clinical-features-and-outcomes
#6
Isabel Morales-Barroso, Lorena López-Cerero, José Molina, Mar Bellido, María Dolores Navarro, Lara Serrano, Verónica González-Galán, Julia Praena, Alvaro Pascual, Jesús Rodríguez-Baño
The epidemiology and outcomes of bloodstream infections (BSIs) caused by Escherichia coli ST131 isolates not producing extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) are not well defined despite being more prevalent than ESBL-producers. In this study, risk factors and the impact on outcome of BSIs caused by non-ESBL-producing ST131 E. coli versus non-ST131 E. coli were investigated. A case-control study was performed in two tertiary centres to identify risk factors for ST131. Molecular methods were used to investigate all E...
April 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139277/clonal-distribution-and-associated-characteristics-of-escherichia-coli-clinical-and-surveillance-isolates-from-a-military-medical-center
#7
Amee R Manges, Katrin Mende, Clinton K Murray, Brian D Johnston, Evgeni V Sokurenko, Veronika Tchesnokova, James R Johnson
Antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli are a concern for military health services. We studied 100 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing and non-producing E. coli clinical and surveillance isolates from military personnel and civilians at Brooke Army Medical Center (2007-2011). Major E. coli lineages, most prominently ST10 (24%), ST131 (16%), and ST648 (8%), were distributed much as reported for other North American populations. ST131, represented mainly by its resistance-associated ST131-H30 clonal subset, was uniquely associated with a clinical origin, regardless of ESBL status...
April 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077674/population-structure-of-japanese-extraintestinal-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-and-its-relationship-with-antimicrobial-resistance
#8
Yasufumi Matsumura, Taro Noguchi, Michio Tanaka, Toru Kanahashi, Masaki Yamamoto, Miki Nagao, Shunji Takakura, Satoshi Ichiyama
Objectives: To define the population structure of extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) in Japan and its relationship with antimicrobial resistance and the major resistance mechanisms for fluoroquinolones and β-lactams, we designed a multicentre prospective study. Methods: A total of 329 ExPEC isolates were collected at 10 Japanese acute-care hospitals during December 2014. We defined the clonal groups of ExPEC by fumC and fimH sequencing (CH typing)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061803/evaluation-of-mlva-for-epidemiological-typing-and-outbreak-detection-of-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-in-sweden
#9
Lisa Helldal, Nahid Karami, Christina Welinder-Olsson, Edward R B Moore, Christina Åhren
BACKGROUND: To identify the spread of nosocomial infections and halt outbreak development caused by Escherichia coli that carry multiple antibiotic resistance factors, such as extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) and carbapenemases, is becoming demanding challenges due to the rapid global increase and constant and increasing influx of these bacteria from the community to the hospital setting. Our aim was to assess a reliable and rapid typing protocol for ESBL-E. coli, with the primary focus to screen for possible clonal relatedness between isolates...
January 6, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904884/escherichia-coli-sequence-type-131-h30-is-the-main-driver-of-emerging-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-e-coli-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#10
James R Johnson, Brian Johnston, Paul Thuras, Bryn Launer, Evgeni V Sokurenko, Loren G Miller
The H30 strain of Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131-H30) is a recently emerged, globally disseminated lineage associated with fluoroquinolone resistance and, via its H30Rx subclone, the CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL). Here, we studied the clonal background and resistance characteristics of 109 consecutive recent E. coli clinical isolates (2015) and 41 historical ESBL-producing E. coli blood isolates (2004 to 2011) from a public tertiary care center in California with a rising prevalence of ESBL-producing E...
November 2016: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865830/community-onset-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-sequence-type-131-at-two-korean-community-hospitals-the-spread-of-multidrug-resistant-e-coli-to-the-community-via-healthcare-facilities
#11
Young Ah Kim, Jin Ju Kim, Heejung Kim, Kyungwon Lee
BACKGROUND: The recent molecular epidemiology of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli infection in two Korean community hospitals was evaluated in this prospective observational study. METHODS: We collected non-duplicated E. coli isolates from consecutive, sequentially encountered patients with community-onset episodes between March and April 2016 in two community hospitals in Gyeonggi-do province, Korea. We studied the prevalence, clinical characteristics and molecular epidemiology of E...
January 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836379/trends-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-sequence-type-131-and-its-h30-subclone-in-a-french-hospital-over-a-15-year-period
#12
Marlène Sauget, Pascal Cholley, Andréa Vannier, Michelle Thouverez, Marie-Hélène Nicolas-Chanoine, Didier Hocquet, Xavier Bertrand
Sequence type 131 (ST131) is a predominant lineage among extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli. It plays a major role in the worldwide dissemination of E. coli producing extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs). Here we describe the long-term epidemiology of this clonal group in a French university hospital, where the incidence of ESBL-producing E. coli has increased from 0.018 case per 1000 patient-days in the year 2000 to 0.50 case per 1000 patient-days in 2014. The first of the 141 ST131 isolates was recovered in 2006, and the ST131 clonal group accounted for 18...
December 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798205/community-carriage-of-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-is-associated-with-strains-of-low-pathogenicity-a-swedish-nationwide-study
#13
Sofia Ny, Sonja Löfmark, Stefan Börjesson, Stina Englund, Maj Ringman, Jakob Bergström, Pontus Nauclér, Christian G Giske, Sara Byfors
OBJECTIVES: Community carriage of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli (EPE) is common worldwide and there is a need to understand the connection between carriage and infection. We compared the molecular characteristics of EPE among Swedish community carriers with those of EPE causing invasive infections. METHODS: We collected 2134 faecal samples from randomly selected Swedish inhabitants and examined them for the presence of EPE. All participating volunteers answered a questionnaire about putative risk factors for EPE carriage...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561287/transcriptome-analysis-reveals-that-constant-heat-stress-modifies-the-metabolism-and-structure-of-the-porcine-longissimus-dorsi-skeletal-muscle
#14
Yue Hao, Yuejin Feng, Peige Yang, Yanjun Cui, Jiru Liu, Chunhe Yang, Xianhong Gu
Exposure to high ambient temperatures is detrimental to pig rearing and porcine meat quality. Deep molecular sequencing allows for genomic characterization of porcine skeletal muscles and helps understand how the genomic landscape may impact meat quality. To this end, we performed mRNA-seq to molecularly dissect the impact of heat stress on porcine skeletal muscles, longissimus dorsi. Sixteen castrated, male DLY pigs [which are crossbreeds between Duroc (D) boars and Landrace (L) × Yorkshire (Y) sows, 79...
December 2016: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458434/dissimilar-fitness-associated-with-resistance-to-fluoroquinolones-influences-clonal-dynamics-of-various-multiresistant-bacteria
#15
REVIEW
Miklos Fuzi
Fitness cost associated with resistance to fluoroquinolones was recently shown to vary across clones of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae. The resulting dissimilar fitness should have influenced the clonal dynamics and thereby the rates of resistance for these pathogens. Moreover, a similar mechanism was recently proposed for the emergence of the H30 and H30R lineages of ESBL-producing E. coli and the major international clone (ribotype 027) of Clostridium difficile...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436393/the-clinical-impact-of-st131-h30-rx-subclone-in-urinary-tract-infections-due-to-multidrug-resistant-escherichia-coli
#16
Fusun Can, Özlem Kurt-Azap, Pelin İspir, Elif Nurtop, Ceren Seref, İlayda Loçlar, Ozge Nur Aktaş, Yelda Ceren Orhan, Onder Ergonul
In this study, risk factors for ST131 H30 and H30-Rx subclones among urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli were described. Urine samples were collected from consecutive outpatients registered to the outpatient clinics of Başkent University Hospital (Ankara, Turkey) with complaints of acute cystitis in 2011. A total of 107 MDR E. coli isolates were included in the study. Of the 107 isolates studied, 26 (24.3%) were typed as ST131 clone. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producers accounted for 59 (55...
March 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390780/separate-f-type-plasmids-have-shaped-the-evolution-of-the-h30-subclone-of-escherichia-coli-sequence-type-131
#17
Timothy J Johnson, Jessica L Danzeisen, Bonnie Youmans, Kyle Case, Katharine Llop, Jeannette Munoz-Aguayo, Cristian Flores-Figueroa, Maliha Aziz, Nicole Stoesser, Evgeni Sokurenko, Lance B Price, James R Johnson
The extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) H30 subclone of sequence type 131 (ST131-H30) has emerged abruptly as a dominant lineage of ExPEC responsible for human disease. The ST131-H30 lineage has been well described phylogenetically, yet its plasmid complement is not fully understood. Here, single-molecule, real-time sequencing was used to generate the complete plasmid sequences of ST131-H30 isolates and those belonging to other ST131 clades. Comparative analyses revealed separate F-type plasmids that have shaped the evolution of the main fluoroquinolone-resistant ST131-H30 clades...
July 2016: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328520/mechanisms-of-resistance-to-ciprofloxacin-and-genetic-diversity-of-escherichia-coli-strains-originating-from-urine-cultures-performed-for-romanian-adults
#18
Violeta Corina Cristea, Mihaela Oprea, Gabriela Neacşu, Ramona Gîlcă, Mircea Ioan Popa, Codruţa-Romaniţa Usein
Urinary tract infections (UTI) with Escherichia coli are among the most common infections presenting in general practice. Fluoroquinolones (FQs) are relied on for their empirical therapy but recent reports indicate a concerning increase in the percentage of FQ-resistant E. coli isolates in many countries, including Romania. Sixty E. coli strains with ciprofloxacin resistance and cephalosporin susceptibility isolated from urine specimens of non-hospitalized patients during a five-month period (October 2014 - February 2015) were further analyzed to determine the molecular basis of FQ resistance (i...
July 2015: Roumanian Archives of Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27309594/comprehensive-analysis-of-type-1-fimbriae-regulation-in-fimb-null-strains-from-the-multidrug-resistant-escherichia-coli-st131-clone
#19
Sohinee Sarkar, Leah W Roberts, Minh-Duy Phan, Lendl Tan, Alvin W Lo, Kate M Peters, David L Paterson, Mathew Upton, Glen C Ulett, Scott A Beatson, Makrina Totsika, Mark A Schembri
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) of sequence type 131 (ST131) are a pandemic multidrug resistant clone associated with urinary tract and bloodstream infections. Type 1 fimbriae, a major UPEC virulence factor, are essential for ST131 bladder colonization. The globally dominant sub-lineage of ST131 strains, clade C/H30-R, possess an ISEc55 insertion in the fimB gene that controls phase-variable type 1 fimbriae expression via the invertible fimS promoter. We report that inactivation of fimB in these strains causes altered regulation of type 1 fimbriae expression...
September 2016: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27185805/isolation-and-characterization-of-escherichia-coli-sequence-type-131-and-other-antimicrobial-resistant-gram-negative-bacilli-from-clinical-stool-samples-from-veterans
#20
Muhanad Mohamed, Connie Clabots, Stephen B Porter, Paul Thuras, James R Johnson
Emerging multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacilli (GNB), including Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131) and its resistance-associated H30 subclone, constitute an ever-growing public health threat. Their reservoirs and transmission pathways are incompletely defined. To assess diarrheal stools as a potential reservoir for ST131-H30 and other MDR GNB, we cultured 100 clinical stool samples from a Veterans Affairs Medical Center clinical laboratory (October to December 2011) for fluoroquinolone- and extended-spectrum cephalosporin (ESC)-resistant E...
August 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
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