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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353390/image-based-analysis-of-emotional-facial-expressions-in-full-face-transplants
#1
Merve Bedeloglu, Çagdas Topcu, Arzu Akgul, Ela Naz Döger, Refik Sever, Ozlenen Ozkan, Omer Ozkan, Hilmi Uysal, Ovunc Polat, Omer Halil Çolak
In this study, it is aimed to determine the degree of the development in emotional expression of full face transplant patients from photographs. Hence, a rehabilitation process can be planned according to the determination of degrees as a later work. As envisaged, in full face transplant cases, the determination of expressions can be confused or cannot be achieved as the healthy control group. In order to perform image-based analysis, a control group consist of 9 healthy males and 2 full-face transplant patients participated in the study...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353384/the-effect-of-self-care-education-on-emotional-intelligence-of-iranian-nursing-students-a-quasi-experimental-study
#2
Amir Hossein Goudarzian, Masoumeh Bagheri Nesami, Parisa Sedghi, Mahsan Gholami, Maryam Faraji, Mahdi Babaei Hatkehlouei
This study aimed to determine the effect of self-care training on emotional intelligence of nursing students. This quasi-experimental study was conducted on nursing students of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2016. The subjects (60 students) that were collected with random sampling method were divided into experimental and control groups, and then, self-care behaviors were taught to the experimental group' students in 12 sessions by using a checklist. The subjects of control group were not taught...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353252/systematic-review-of-general-practice-end-of-life-symptom-control
#3
REVIEW
Geoffrey K Mitchell, Hugh E Senior, Claire L Johnson, Julia Fallon-Ferguson, Briony Williams, Leanne Monterosso, Joel J Rhee, Peta McVey, Matthew P Grant, Michèle Aubin, Harriet Tg Nwachukwu, Patsy M Yates
BACKGROUND: End of life care (EoLC) is a fundamental role of general practice, which will become more important as the population ages. It is essential that general practice's role and performance of at the end of life is understood in order to maximise the skills of the entire workforce. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive description of the role and performance of general practitioners (GPs) and general practice nurses (GPNs) in EoLC symptom control. METHOD: Systematic literature review of papers from 2000 to 2017 were sought from Medline, PsycINFO, Embase, Joanna Briggs Institute and Cochrane databases...
January 20, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353234/psychiatric-symptoms-in-preclinical-behavioural-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-in-mapt-mutation-carriers
#4
Gayathri Cheran, Hannah Silverman, Masood Manoochehri, Jill Goldman, Seonjoo Lee, Liwen Wu, Sarah Cines, Emer Fallon, Brendan Desmond Kelly, Diana Angelika Olszewska, Judith Heidebrink, Sarah Shair, Stephen Campbell, Henry Paulson, Timothy Lynch, Stephanie Cosentino, Edward D Huey
OBJECTIVE: To characterise psychiatric symptoms in preclinical and early behavioural-variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), a neurodegenerative disorder whose symptoms overlap with and are often mistaken for psychiatric illness. METHODS: The present study reports findings from a systematic, global, prospective evaluation of psychiatric symptoms in 12 preclinical carriers of pathogenic MAPT mutations, not yet meeting bvFTD diagnostic criteria, and 46 familial non-carrier controls...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353213/multiple-cortical-thickness-sub-networks-and-cognitive-impairments-in-first-episode-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-late-life-depression-a-graph-theory-analysis
#5
Jeong-Hyeon Shin, Yu Hyun Um, Chang Uk Lee, Hyun Kook Lim, Joon-Kyung Seong
BACKGROUND: Coordinated and pattern-wise changes in large scale gray matter structural networks reflect neural circuitry dysfunction in late life depression (LLD), which in turn is associated with emotional dysregulation and cognitive impairments. However, due to methodological limitations, there have been few attempts made to identify individual-level structural network properties or sub-networks that are involved in important brain functions in LLD. METHODS: In this study, we sought to construct individual-level gray matter structural networks using average cortical thicknesses of several brain areas to investigate the characteristics of the gray matter structural networks in normal controls and LLD patients...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353159/trauma-attentional-dysregulation-and-the-development-of-posttraumatic-stress-an-investigation-of-risk-pathways
#6
Judith Schäfer, Ariel Zvielli, Michael Höfler, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Amit Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Fundamental questions regarding the nature and function of attentional bias (AB) to threat in the etiology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) remain unanswered. We tested the temporal interplay between trauma exposure, dysregulated attentional processing of threatening information pre- and post-trauma, and the development of posttraumatic intrusions. METHODS: Response time to trauma-related threat, trauma-unrelated threat, as well as to trauma-related but typically emotionally-neutral stimuli was assessed using the dot probe task before and one week after watching a violent movie scene that served as a trauma analogue...
January 11, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353132/supporting-parents-through-stillbirth-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-views-of-health-professionals-and-health-care-staff-in-three-hospitals-in-england
#7
Lyn Brierley-Jones, Rosalind Crawley, Emma Jones, Isabel Gordon, Joanne Knight, Kim Hinshaw
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the views of a range of hospital based health professionals and health care staff involved in the management of stillbirth. STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative pilot study informed by grounded theory conducted in three hospital trusts in the North East of England. In total, 21 consultant obstetricians, 3 trainees (including 1 senior trainee), 29 midwives, 3 midwife sonographers and 4 chaplains took part in six focus groups and two semi-structured interviews...
January 9, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353129/keeping-it-together-and-falling-apart-women-s-dynamic-experience-of-birth
#8
Priscilla J Hall, Jennifer Whitman Foster, Kathryn M Yount, Bonnie Mowinski Jennings
OBJECTIVE: To explore the complexity of women's birth experiences in the context in which they occur and to describe how these influence women's well-being in labor. DESIGN: Qualitative method with a phenomenological approach, following the analysis principles of van Manen. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Eight women from different ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds in Atlanta, Georgia, United States with a recent, healthy birth were interviewed twice about their experience of the labor journey...
December 14, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353055/pituitary-adenylate-cyclase-activating-polypeptide-pacap-signaling-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-modulates-cued-fear-learning-but-not-spatial-working-memory-in-female-rats
#9
Adam J Kirry, Matthew R Herbst, Sarah E Poirier, Michelle M Maskeri, Amy C Rothwell, Robert C Twining, Marieke R Gilmartin
A genetic polymorphism within the gene encoding the pituitary adenylate-cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) receptor type I (PAC1R) has recently been associated with hyper-reactivity to threat-related cues in women, but not men, with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PACAP is a highly conserved peptide, whose role in mediating adaptive physiological stress responses is well established. Far less is understood about the contribution of PACAP signaling in emotional learning and memory, particularly the encoding of fear to discrete cues...
January 15, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353053/conditional-inactivation-of-npy1r-gene-in-mice-induces-behavioural-inflexibility-and-orbitofrontal-cortex-hyperactivity-that-are-reversed-by-escitalopram
#10
Angela Longo, Melissa Fadda, Claudio Brasso, Paolo Mele, Paola Palanza, Ishira Nanavaty, Ilaria Bertocchi, Alessandra Oberto, Carola Eva
Cognitive flexibility is the ability to rapidly adapt established patterns of behaviour in the face of changing circumstance and depends critically on the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC). Impaired flexibility also results from altered serotonin transmission in the OFC. The Y1 (Y1R) and Y5 (Y5R) receptors for neuropeptide Y (NPY) colocalize in several brain regions and have overlapping functions in regulating cognition and emotional behaviour. The targeted disruption of gene encoding Y1R (Npy1r gene) in Y5R containing neurons (Npy1rY5R-/- mice) increases anxiety-like behaviour and spatial reference memory...
January 15, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352968/children-with-dyslexia-show-a-reduced-processing-benefit-from-bimodal-speech-information-compared-to-their-typically-developing-peers
#11
Gesa Schaadt, Elke van der Meer, Ann Pannekamp, Regine Oberecker, Claudia Männel
During information processing, individuals benefit from bimodally presented input, as has been demonstrated for speech perception (i.e., printed letters and speech sounds) or the perception of emotional expressions (i.e., facial expression and voice tuning). While typically developing individuals show this bimodal benefit, school children with dyslexia do not. Currently, it is unknown whether the bimodal processing deficit in dyslexia also occurs for visual-auditory speech processing that is independent of reading and spelling acquisition (i...
January 15, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352834/confidence-in-communicating-with-patients-with-cancer-mediates-the-relationship-between-rehabilitation-therapists-autistic-like-traits-and-perceived-difficulty-in-communication
#12
Chinatsu Hayashibara, Masatoshi Inagaki, Maiko Fujimori, Yuji Higuchi, Masaki Fujiwara, Seishi Terada, Hitoshi Okamura, Yosuke Uchitomi, Norihito Yamada
OBJECTIVE: Recently, rehabilitation therapists have become involved in cancer rehabilitation; however, no communication skills training that increases the ability to provide emotional support for cancer patients has been developed for rehabilitation therapists. In addition, no study has examined associations between rehabilitation therapists' communication skills and their level of autistic-like traits (ALT), which are in-born characteristics including specific communication styles and difficulty communicating with patients...
January 21, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352821/a-brief-assessment-unravels-unmet-needs-of-older-people-in-primary-care-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-spice-tool-in-portugal
#13
Conceição Balsinha, Maria J Marques, Manuel Gonçalves-Pereira
Assessments of need may contribute to identifying health problems associated with functional deterioration in older people. A shorter version of the Camberwell Assessment of Need for the Elderly was developed for routine use in primary care, focusing on five domains: Senses, Physical ability, Incontinence, Cognition, and Emotional distress (SPICE). We aimed to explore its usefulness and feasibility in primary care. We selected a consecutive sample of 51 community-dwelling older adults. The SPICE interview was completed by GPs and patients, with perceptions about its use in primary care being explored...
January 21, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352818/validity-and-reliability-of-the-palliative-care-transition-measure-for-caregivers-pctm-c
#14
Daniela D'Angelo, Chiara Mastroianni, Marco Artico, Valentina Biagioli, Roberto Latina, Michela Guarda, Michela Piredda, Maria Grazia De Marinis
OBJECTIVE: Patients suffering from advanced disease face different care transitions. The transition from acute to palliative care is challenging and may lead to the discontinuity of care. Family caregivers become important sources of information, as patients begin to experience difficulties in coping with emotional transition events. The Care Transition Measure was developed to evaluate care transitions as experienced by the elderly. It has never been used in palliative care. The aim of this study was to test the validity and reliability of a modified version of the Palliative Care Transition Measure, specifically the Palliative Care Transition Measure for Caregivers (PCTM-C)...
January 21, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352808/frontal-dysconnectivity-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-an-atlas-based-functional-connectivity-analysis
#15
Leah M Mattiaccio, Ioana L Coman, Carlie A Thompson, Wanda P Fremont, Kevin M Antshel, Wendy R Kates
BACKGROUND: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is a neurodevelopmental syndrome associated with deficits in cognitive and emotional processing. This syndrome represents one of the highest risk factors for the development of schizophrenia. Previous studies of functional connectivity (FC) in 22q11DS report aberrant connectivity patterns in large-scale networks that are associated with the development of psychotic symptoms. METHODS: In this study, we performed a functional connectivity analysis using the CONN toolbox to test for differential connectivity patterns between 54 individuals with 22q11DS and 30 healthy controls, between the ages of 17-25 years old...
January 20, 2018: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352400/project-date-smart-a-dating-violence-dv-and-sexual-risk-prevention-program-for-adolescent-girls-with-prior-dv-exposure
#16
Christie J Rizzo, Meredith Joppa, David Barker, Charlene Collibee, Caron Zlotnick, Larry K Brown
This study assessed the initial feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of an intervention aimed at reducing dating violence and sexual risk behavior in a sample of adolescent girls (ages 14-17) with prior exposure to physical dating violence (DV). One hundred and nine girls were randomly assigned to Date SMART (Skills to Manage Aggression in Relationships for Teens) or a Knowledge-only (KO) comparison group. Both intervention arms consisted of six, weekly 2-h sessions and one "booster" session 6 weeks later...
January 20, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352362/a-preliminary-examination-of-the-link-between-maternal-experiential-avoidance-and-parental-accommodation-in-anxious-and-non-anxious-children
#17
Leah Feinberg, Caroline Kerns, Donna B Pincus, Jonathan S Comer
Studies point to parental experiential avoidance (EA) as a potential correlate of maladaptive parenting behaviors associated with child anxiety. However, research has not examined the relationship between EA and parental accommodation of child anxiety, nor the extent to which parental negative beliefs about child anxiety help explain such a relationship. In a sample of mothers (N = 45) of anxious and non-anxious children, the present study investigated the potential link between maternal EA and accommodation of child anxiety and whether this link may be indirectly accounted for via maternal negative beliefs about child anxiety...
January 19, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352291/correction-shared-acoustic-codes-underlie-emotional-communication-in-music-and-speech-evidence-from-deep-transfer-learning
#18
Eduardo Coutinho, Björn Schuller
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179289.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352183/environmental-enrichment-increases-transcriptional-and-epigenetic-differentiation-between-mouse-dorsal-and-ventral-dentate-gyrus
#19
Tie-Yuan Zhang, Christopher L Keown, Xianglan Wen, Junhao Li, Dulcie A Vousden, Christoph Anacker, Urvashi Bhattacharyya, Richard Ryan, Josie Diorio, Nicholas O'Toole, Jason P Lerch, Eran A Mukamel, Michael J Meaney
Early life experience influences stress reactivity and mental health through effects on cognitive-emotional functions that are, in part, linked to gene expression in the dorsal and ventral hippocampus. The hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) is a major site for experience-dependent plasticity associated with sustained transcriptional alterations, potentially mediated by epigenetic modifications. Here, we report comprehensive DNA methylome, hydroxymethylome and transcriptome data sets from mouse dorsal and ventral DG...
January 19, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352036/multiple-memory-systems-multiple-time-points-how-science-can-inform-treatment-to-control-the-expression-of-unwanted-emotional-memories
#20
REVIEW
Renée M Visser, Alex Lau-Zhu, Richard N Henson, Emily A Holmes
Memories that have strong emotions associated with them are particularly resilient to forgetting. This is not necessarily problematic, however some aspects of memory can be. In particular, the involuntary expression of those memories, e.g. intrusive memories after trauma, are core to certain psychological disorders. Since the beginning of this century, research using animal models shows that it is possible to change the underlying memory, for example by interfering with its consolidation or reconsolidation...
March 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
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