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cage position

Issmat I Kassem, Olugbenga Kehinde, Anand Kumar, Gireesh Rajashekara
Poultry is a major source of Campylobacter, which can cause foodborne bacterial gastroenteritis in humans. Additionally, poultry-associated Campylobacter can develop resistance to important antimicrobials, which increases the risk to public health. While broiler chickens have been the focus of many studies, the emergence of antimicrobial-resistant Campylobacter on layer farms has not received equal attention. However, the growing popularity of cage-free and organic layer farming necessitates a closer assessment of (1) the impact of these farming practices on the emergence of antimicrobial-resistant Campylobacter and (2) layers as a potential source for the transmission of these pathogens...
September 22, 2016: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
Mamoona Chaudhry, Maqbool Ahmad, Hamad Bin Rashid, Bakhat Sultan, Haroon Rashid Chaudhry, Aayesha Riaz, Muhammad Shabir Shaheen
A prospective study was conducted from November 2013 to February 2014 to estimate the spatial clustering; cumulative incidence and risk factors associated with avian influenza (AI) subtype H9 infection on commercial poultry farms of Pakistan. A total of 400 farms were enrolled and followed during the study period. Among these, 109 farms submitted samples suspected for AI to the laboratory, and only 47 farms were confirmed positive by hemagglutinin inhibition (HI) test. Data was collected from these 109 farms about their demography, management, and biosecurity practices...
October 20, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
K Pichová, B Bilčík, L' Košt'ál
Plumage damage represents one of the animal-based measures of laying hens welfare. Damage occurs predominantly due to age, environment and damaging pecking. IR thermography, due to its non-invasiveness, objectivity and repeatability is a promising alternative to feather damage scoring systems such as the system included in the Welfare Quality ® assessment protocol for poultry. The aim of this study was to apply IR thermography for the assessment of feather damage in laying hens kept in two housing systems and to compare the results with feather scoring...
October 20, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Moritz-C Schlegel, Daniel Többens, Roman Svetogorov, Martin Krüger, Norbert Stock, Helge Reinsch, Dirk Wallacher, Ross Stewart, Margarita Russina
We have studied the mechanism of hydrogen storage in the aluminium based metal-organic framework CAU-1 or [Al4(OH)2(OCH3)4(O2C-C6H3NH2-CO2)3] using a complementary multidisciplinary approach of volumetric gas sorption analysis, in situ neutron diffraction and spectroscopy and ab initio calculations. The structure of CAU-1 forms two different types of microporous cages: (i) an octahedral cage with a diameter of about 10 Å and (ii) a tetrahedral cage with a diameter of about 5 Å. Though all metal sites of CAU-1 are fully coordinated, the material exhibits relatively high storage capacities, reaching 4 wt% at a temperature of 70 K...
October 12, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Rafael T Mikolajczyk, Rene Sebena, Julia Warich, Vihra Naydenova, Urszula Dudziak, Olga Orosova
BACKGROUND: Alcohol drinking was linked to self-rated health in different populations, but the observed association was inconsistent. We studied the association among university students across three European countries with different patterns of drinking. METHODS: We analyzed data from three universities, one from each country: Germany (beer dominant), Bulgaria (wine dominant), and Poland (unclassified among youths, spirits dominant in adults) (N = 2103). Frequency of drinking and problem drinking (≥2 positive responses on CAGE-scale), on the one side, and self-rated health, caring for one's own health, and worsening of health since the last year, on the other side, were assessed by means of self-administered questionnaire...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Giuseppe Tarantini, Francesco Saia, Piera Capranzano, Bernardo Cortese, Marco Mojoli, Giacomo Boccuzzi, Andrea Cuculo, Salvatore Geraci, Alessio Mattesini, Jacopo Oreglia, Francesco Summaria, Luca Testa, Sergio Berti, Giovanni Esposito, Alessio La Manna, Ugo Limbruno, Alfredo Marchese, Ciro Mauro, Fabio Tarantino, Alessandro Salvi, Gennaro Santoro, Ferdinando Varbella, Roberto Violini, Giuseppe Musumeci
Drug-eluting stents (DES) are the current gold standard for percutaneous treatment of coronary artery disease. However, DES are associated with a non-negligible risk of long-term adverse events related to persistence of foreign material in the coronary artery wall. In addition, DES implantation causes permanent caging of the native vessel, thus impairing normal vasomotricity and the possibility of using non-invasive coronary imaging or preforming subsequent bypass surgery. On the contrary, coronary bioresorbable stents (BRS) may provide temporary mechanical support to coronary wall without compromising the subsequent recovery of normal vascular physiology, and have the potential to prevent late adverse events related to permanent elements...
October 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
S S Naghavi, M Fabrizio, T Qin, E Tosatti
The quantum physics of ions and electrons behind low-energy spectra of strongly correlated molecular conductors, superconductors and Mott insulators is poorly known, yet fascinating especially in orbitally degenerate cases. The fulleride insulator Cs3C60 (A15), one such system, exhibits infrared (IR) spectra with low temperature peak features and splittings suggestive of static Jahn-Teller distortions with a breakdown of orbital symmetry in the molecular site. That is puzzling, since there is no detectable static distortion, and because the features and splittings disappear upon modest heating, which they should not...
October 14, 2016: Nanoscale
Yong-Hee Park, Da-Hye Yoo, Eun-Hee Kim, In-Kyung Song, Ji-Hyun Lee, Hee-Soo Kim, Woong-Han Kim, Jin-Tae Kim
This study aimed to investigate the optimal transducer level for accurate measurement of atrial and pulmonary arterial pressures in the supine position for patients with functional single ventricle. Contrast-enhanced chest computed tomographic images of 108 patients who underwent either the bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt (BCPS) placement or the Fontan procedure were reviewed. Vertical distances from the skin of the back to the uppermost levels of fluid in the single atrium or the pulmonary artery confluence and their ratios to the greatest anteroposterior (AP) diameter of the thoracic cage were determined...
October 1, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
Kübra Altinel, Kosuke Hashimoto, Yu Wei, Christine Neuveut, Ishita Gupta, Ana Maria Suzuki, Alexandre Dos Santos, Pierrick Moreau, Tian Xia, Soichi Kojima, Sachi Kato, Yasuhiro Takikawa, Isao Hidaka, Masahito Shimizu, Tomokazu Matsuura, Akihito Tsubota, Hitoshi Ikeda, Sumiko Nagoshi, Harukazu Suzuki, Marie-Louise Michel, Didier Samuel, Marie Annick Buendia, Jamila Faivre, Piero Carninci
: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major cause of liver diseases including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and more than 650,000 people die annually due to HBV-associated liver failure. Extensive studies of individual promoters have revealed that heterogeneous RNA 5' -ends contribute to the complexity of HBV transcriptome and proteome. Here we provide a comprehensive map of HBV transcription start sites (TSSs) in human liver, HCC and blood, as well as several experimental replication systems, at single nucleotide resolution...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Virology
Dong-Ju Yun, Sang-Jin Lee, Sang-Joon Park, Hyeong Seok Oh, Young Jae Lee, Hyun Min Oh, Sang-Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: A new zero-profile, standalone device (Zero P) was recently developed and has shown a lower incidence rate of complications and competitive clinical outcomes compared to CP in single and multi-level ACDF. However, there is still concern whether Zero P is appropriate for multi-level ACDF. In addition, there have been few reports of contiguous two-level ACDF used in conjunction with Zero P. METHODS: We reviewed contiguous two-level ACDF performed from December 2006 to February 2015...
September 23, 2016: World Neurosurgery
A M Joshi, N V Wadekar, N P Gramapurohit
Prey-predator interactions have been studied extensively in terms of morphological and behavioural responses of prey to predation risk using diverse model systems. However, the underlying physiological changes associated with morphological, behavioural or life historical responses have been rarely investigated. Herein, we studied the effect of chronic predation risk on larval growth and metamorphosis of Hylarana indica and the underlying physiological changes in prey tadpoles. In the first experiment, tadpoles were exposed to a caged predator from Gosner stage 25-42 to record growth and metamorphosis...
September 20, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Oleg L Tok, Zdenka Růžičková, Aleš Růžička, Drahomír Hnyk, Bohumil Štíbr
Reported is an unusual tautomeric behavior within the [nido-5,6-C2B8H11](-) (1a(-)) cage that has no precedence in the whole area of carborane chemistry. Isolated were two skeletal tautomers, anions [6-Ph-nido-5,6-C2B8H10-μ(8,9)](-) (2d(-)) and [5,6-Me2-nido-5,6-C2B8H9-μ(9,10)](-) (3b(-)), which differ in the positioning of the open-face hydrogen bridge. Their structures have been determined by X-ray diffraction analyses. The 3b(-)structure is stabilized by intermolecular interaction involving Et3NH(+) and B8-B9 and H8 atoms in the solid phase; however, its dissolution in CD3CN causes instant conversion to the more stable [5,6-Me2-nido-5,6-C2B8H9-μ(8,9)](-) (2b(-)) tautomer...
October 17, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Madeleine Strickland, Charles D Schwieters, Christoph Göbl, Ana C L Opina, Marie-Paule Strub, Rolf E Swenson, Olga Vasalatiy, Nico Tjandra
Lanthanide complexes based on the DOTA (1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid) cage are commonly used as phase contrast agents in magnetic resonance imaging, but can also be utilized in structural NMR applications due to their ability to induce either paramagnetic relaxation enhancement or a pseudocontact shift (PCS) depending on the choice of the lanthanide. The size and sign of the PCS for any given atom is determined by its coordinates relative to the metal center, and the characteristics of the lanthanide's magnetic susceptibility tensor...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Biomolecular NMR
Luciana Galetto, Dimitrios E Miliordos, Mattia Pegoraro, Dario Sacco, Flavio Veratti, Cristina Marzachì, Domenico Bosco
Flavescence dorée (FD) is a threat for wine production in the vineyard landscape of Piemonte, Langhe-Roero and Monferrato, Italy. Spread of the disease is dependent on complex interactions between insect, plant and phytoplasma. In the Piemonte region, wine production is based on local cultivars. The role of six local grapevine varieties as a source of inoculum for the vector Scaphoideus titanus was investigated. FD phytoplasma (FDP) load was compared among red and white varieties with different susceptibility to FD...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Per Persson, Stefan Lundin, Ola Stenqvist
BACKGROUND: We have shown in acute lung injury patients that lung elastance can be determined by a positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) step procedure and proposed that this is explained by the spring-out force of the rib cage off-loading the chest wall from the lung at end-expiration. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the expanding chest wall on pleural pressure during PEEP inflation by building a model with an elastic recoiling lung and an expanding chest wall complex...
December 2016: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
R F Chitolina, F A Anjos, T S Lima, E A Castro, M C V Costa-Ribeiro
The selection of oviposition sites by females of Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti is a key factor for the larval survival and egg dispersion and has a direct influence in vector control programs. In this study, we evaluated the aspects of reproductive physiology of Ae. aegypti mosquitoes tested in the presence of raw sewage. Ae. aegypti females were used in oviposition bioassays according to two methodologies: (i) choice assay, in which three oviposition substrates were offered in the same cage: treatment (raw sewage), positive control (distilled water) and negative control (1% sodium hypochlorite) and; (ii) no choice assay, in which only one substrate was available...
September 15, 2016: Acta Tropica
G Chauhan, K Ray, S Sahu, K Roy, V Jain, M Wadhwa, U Panjwani, K Kishore, S B Singh
Sleep deprivation (SD) upsurges intracellular levels of adenosine, impairs adult neuronal cell proliferation (NCP) and cognition while caffeine, a non-selective adenosine A1 receptor (A1R) antagonist improves cognition and adult NCP during SD. We examined the selective antagonistic effects of adenosine A1R using 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dimethylxanthine (8-CPT) on impairment of spatial reference memory and adult NCP during 48h SD. Adult male Sprague Dawley rats were sleep deprived for 48h, using an automatic cage vibrating stimulus based on animal activity...
September 10, 2016: Neuroscience
Alexander J Metherell, Michael D Ward
This 'Perspective' article summarises recent work from the authors' research group on the exploitation of the simple fac/mer geometric isomerism of octahedral metal tris-chelates as a tool to control the chemistry of coordination cages based on bis(pyrazolyl-pyridine) ligands, in two different respects. Firstly this geometric isomerism plays a major role in controlling the guest binding properties of cages because a fac tris-chelate arrangement of pyrazolyl-pyridine chelates around a metal ion vertex results in formation of a convergent set of inwardly-directed C-H protons in a region of high positive electrostatic potential close to a metal cation...
October 18, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Rong Pu, Qianhong Zhao, Zhimei Li, Lingyan Zhang, Xiaolu Luo, Yangji Zeren, Cui Yu, Xianyong Li
The prognosis of lung carcinoma with metastasis to the bone, particularly to the spine, is poor. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are established treatments for metastatic bone disease, but their effectiveness is unsatisfactory and bone repair following their use is slow and difficult. Medicine prepared from herbal extracts may be an alternative treatment option. The present study discusses the case of a 59-year-old patient diagnosed with squamous cell lung cancer (T2N3M1) in which first-line chemotherapy using docetaxel plus cisplatin failed...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
A M Amerah, L F Romero, A Awati, V Ravindran
Two trials (a 42-d performance and a 21-d cohort digestibility) were conducted to evaluate the performance and nutrient digestibility of broilers fed corn diets supplemented with exogenous xylanase, amylase, and protease as single or combined activities. A nutritionally adequate, positive control (PC) diet was formulated. The negative control (NC) diet was formulated to be lower in metabolizable energy (∼86 kcal/kg diet) and digestible amino acids (1 to 2%) compared to PC. The other 4 treatments were based on the NC and they were either supplemented with xylanase (X), amylase (A), protease (P), or a combination of X, A, and P (XAP; to provide 2,000 U of X, 200 U of A, and 4,000 U of P/kg diet)...
September 2, 2016: Poultry Science
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