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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221968/isolation-identification-and-characterization-of-foodborne-pathogens-isolated-from-egg-internal-contents-in-china
#1
Zhao Ge, Song Xue, Zhao Jianmei, L I Yuehua, Wang Juan, Huang Xiumei, Q U Zhina, Wang Yudong, Yan Shigan, Wang Junwei
Eggs continue to be significant in terms of the world economy and human nutrition. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of foodborne pathogens in a cross section of egg production types in China and to examine the virulence features of the isolated pathogens. Three hundred eggs from three provinces were tested for Salmonella , Escherichia coli , Staphylococcus aureus , and Campylobacter . Two eggs were positive for Salmonella , one was positive for both E. coli and S. aureus , and none were positive for Campylobacter ...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217325/crystal-structures-of-a-novel-nnn-pincer-ligand-and-its-dinuclear-titanium-iv-alkoxide-pincer-complex
#2
Jakub Pedziwiatr, Ion Ghiviriga, Khalil A Abboud, Adam S Veige
This report describes a synthetic protocols and the crystal structures involving a novel pincer-type H3[NNN] ligand, namely di-μ-bromido-μ-{2-(2,2-di-methylpropanimido-yl)-N-[2-(2,2-di-methyl-propanimido-yl)-4-methyl-phen-yl]-4-methylaniline}-bis-[(diethyl ether)lithium], [Li2Br2(C24H33N3)(C4H10O)2] (1) and a dinuclear metal complex, namely di-μ-bromido-2:3κ(4)Br:Br-bis-{2-(2,2-di-methylpropanimido-yl)-N-[2-(2,2-di-methyl-propanimido-yl)-4-methyl-phen-yl]-4-methylaniline}-1κ(3)N,N',N'';4κ(3)N,N',N''-tetra-μ-iso-propano-lato-1:2κ(4)O:O;3:4κ(4)O:O-diiso-propano-lato-1κO,4κO-2,3-dilithium-1,4-dititanium, [Li2Ti2Br2(C24H32N3)2(C3H7O)6] or {[NHNNH]Ti(O (i) Pr)3(LiBr)2}2 (2)...
February 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215588/helicobacter-pylori-vaca-caga-cage-oipa-icea-baba2-and-babb-genotypes-in-iranian-patients-with-diverse-clinical-outcomes
#3
Hossein Dabiri, Fereshteh Jafari, Kaveh Baghai, Leila Shokrzadeh, Saeed Abdi, Mohammad Amin Pourhoseingholi, Alireza Mohammadzadeh
There is diversity in clinical outcome of Helicobacter pylori infection in different regions. Microbial, host and environmental factors seem to be reason of such variation. Considering microbial factors, we studied H. pylori genotypes and their association with clinical feature of the infection. Overall 160 H. pylori-positive patients were enrolled in this study. Clinical information and biopsy were collected from each patient. The presence of the major virulence genes were determined by PCR. Regardless to clinical outcomes, vacA, cagA, cagE, oipA, iceA1, babA2 and babB genes was positive in 100%, 69%, 51%, 55%, 26%,78% and 28% of 160 strains respectively...
February 16, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210861/the-effects-of-alcoholism-and-smoking-on-advanced-cancer-patients-admitted-to-an-acute-supportive-palliative-care-unit
#4
Sebastiano Mercadante, Claudio Adile, Patrizia Ferrera, Alessandra Casuccio
AIM: The aim of this prospective study was to determine the characteristics and symptom burden of advanced cancer patients with alcoholism problems and smoking, who were referred to an acute palliative/supportive care unit (ASPCU) of a comprehensive cancer center. METHODS: Patients' characteristics, indications for admission, kind of admission, awareness of prognosis, and anticancer treatments were recorded. The Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS) was used to assess physical and psychological symptoms, and the CAGE questionnaire for the diagnosis of alcoholism...
February 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210033/effects-of-posture-on-chest-wall-configuration-and-motion-during-tidal-breathing-in-normal-men
#5
Sachie Takashima, Masafumi Nozoe, Kyoshi Mase, Yusuke Kouyama, Kazuhiro Matsushita, Hiroshi Ando
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to clarify the impact of postural changes during tidal breathing on the configuration and motion of chest-wall in order to further breathing motion evaluation. [Subjects and Methods] Chest-wall configuration and motion in the supine, right lateral, and sitting positions were measured using optoelectronic plethysmography in 15 healthy adult men. [Results] The anteroposterior diameters of the chest wall were significantly lower in the supine position for the pulmonary and abdominal rib cages, whereas the mediolateral diameters in the lateral position were lowest for the abdominal rib cage...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194839/-ge4-bi14-4-a-case-of-element-segregation-on-the-molecular-level
#6
Robert J Wilson, Stefanie Dehnen
Extraction of a solid with the nominal composition "K2 GeBi" with 1,2-diaminoethane (en) in the presence of 4,7,13,16,21,24-hexaoxa-1,10-diazabicyclo[8.8.8]hexacosane (crypt-222) afforded the salt [K(crypt-222)]4 (Ge4 Bi14 ). The 18-atom Zintl anion (Ge4 Bi14 )(4-) has a heretofore unknown molecular topology, which can be thought of as the formal condensation product of two E11(3-) cages along a shared Ge4 waist. In this way, (Ge4 Bi14 )(4-) represents the largest and most structurally complex Bi-containing polyanion...
February 14, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185877/female-rats-display-fewer-optimistic-responses-in-a-judgment-bias-test-in-the-absence-of-a-physiological-stress-response
#7
T H Barker, L Bobrovskaya, G S Howarth, A L Whittaker
Metabolic cages are a type of housing used in biomedical research. Metabolic cage housing has been demonstrated to elicit behavioural and physiological changes in rodents housed within them. The nature of this effect has been characterized as anxiogenic. However, few studies have evaluated positive affect in response to metabolic cage housing and the interaction between this, sex and traditional physiological measures of stress. Cognitive biasing, as measured through a judgment bias paradigm has proven a reliable measure of animal affective state, particularly through its ability to measure positive affect...
February 7, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181576/tunable-thermal-expansion-in-framework-materials-through-redox-intercalation
#8
Jun Chen, Qilong Gao, Andrea Sanson, Xingxing Jiang, Qingzhen Huang, Alberto Carnera, Clara Guglieri Rodriguez, Luca Olivi, Lei Wang, Lei Hu, Kun Lin, Yang Ren, Zheshuai Lin, Cong Wang, Lin Gu, Jinxia Deng, J Paul Attfield, Xianran Xing
Thermal expansion properties of solids are of fundamental interest and control of thermal expansion is important for practical applications but can be difficult to achieve. Many framework-type materials show negative thermal expansion when internal cages are empty but positive thermal expansion when additional atoms or molecules fill internal voids present. Here we show that redox intercalation offers an effective method to control thermal expansion from positive to zero to negative by insertion of Li ions into the simple negative thermal expansion framework material ScF3, doped with 10% Fe to enable reduction...
February 9, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160334/influence-of-sumac-rhus-coriaria-l-and-ginger-zingiber-officinale-on-egg-yolk-fatty-acid-cholesterol-and-blood-parameters-in-laying-hens
#9
Y Gurbuz, Y G Salih
The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential effect of different levels of sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) seed powder and ginger (Zingiber officinale) root powder on egg yolk fatty acid composition, blood/yolk cholesterol in laying hen. A total of 63 (ATAK-S: Domestic Turkish Laying Hens) laying hens (average weight: 1470 g each hen, 25-weeks of age) were assigned to seven treatment diets including sumac seed (S) and ginger root powder (G) at 0 g/kg (control), 10 g/kg (S1), 20 g/kg (S2), and 30 g/kg (S3); 10 g/kg (G1), 20 g/kg (G2), or 30 g/kg in rations respectively, for 8 weeks...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158111/creating-adjustable-uniform-optical-cages-through-polarization-shaping-in-a-low-na-optical-system
#10
Xiaoyu Weng, Luping Du, Peng Shi, Xiaocong Yuan
We propose a method to generate uniform optical cages with adjustable number and position along the optical axis in a low numerical aperture (NA) optical system. The uniform optical cages are the superposition of multiple dark and bright spots, which are of x- and y-polarized electric fields with the neglected axial component obtained, respectively, by focusing a quasi-x-polarized vortex beam with topological charge 1 and a quasi-y-polarized beam. By adjusting the number and position of the dark and bright spots with reversal radiation theory, valuable optical cages with uniformity up to 1, such as multiple optical cages, optical chain, and optical tube, can be realized...
February 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156467/association-between-tobacco-use-pain-expression-and-maladaptive-coping-among-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#11
Yu Jung Kim, Akhila Sunkepally Reddy, David Hui, Kimberson Cochien Tanco, Diane D Liu, Minjeong Park, Janet L Williams, Cindy L Carmack, Eduardo Bruera
: 65 Background: Cancer patients who smoke have been reported to have higher pain expression and increased risk for opioid abuse. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the association between tobacco use, symptom expression, and maladaptive coping in advanced cancer patients. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled advanced cancer patients evaluated in an outpatient Supportive Care Center and collected data on patient demographics, cancer diagnosis, morphine equivalent daily dose (MEDD), cigarette smoking status using Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, symptom expression as measured by Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale, Cut down/Annoyed/Guilty/Eye opener (CAGE alcoholism questionnaire), short form Screener and Opioid Assessment for Patients with Pain (SOAP-SF) survey, and Brief COPE Questionnaire...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156453/frequency-predictors-and-outcomes-of-urine-drug-test-among-patients-with-advanced-cancer-on-chronic-opioid-therapy-at-an-outpatient-supportive-care-clinic
#12
Tonya Edwards, David Hui, Jessica Marie Waletich-Flemming, Suresh K Reddy, Diane D Liu, Jimin Wu, Eduardo Bruera
: 94 Background: Data on the utilization and outcomes of urine drug tests (UDT) among advanced cancer patients is limited. The main objective of this study was to determine the factors associated with UDT ordering and results in advanced cancer outpatients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 1058 patients seen from March 2014 to November 2015 at an outpatient supportive care clinic was conducted. Sixty-one patients on chronic opioid therapy who underwent UDT were identified...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149695/validation-of-ultrasonographic-muscle-thickness-measurements-as-compared-to-the-gold-standard-of-computed-tomography-in-dogs
#13
Lindsey E Bullen, Maria G Evola, Emily H Griffith, Gabriela S Seiler, Korinn E Saker
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to quantitatively evaluate the validity of ultrasonographic (US) muscle measurements as compared to the gold standard of computed tomography (CT) in the canine. DESIGN: This was a prospective study. POPULATION: Twenty-five, client-owned dogs scheduled for CT as part of a diagnostic work-up for the management of their primary disease process were included. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Specific appendicular (cubital flexors and extensors, coxofemoral flexors and extensors) and axial (temporalis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, lumbar epaxials) muscle groups were selected for quantitative measure based on CT planning and patient position...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145046/adamantylidene-addition-to-m3n-ih-c80-m-sc-lu-and-sc3n-d5h-c80-synthesis-and-crystallographic-characterization-of-the-5-6-open-and-6-6-open-adducts
#14
Michio Yamada, Tsuneyuki Abe, Chiharu Saito, Toshiki Yamazaki, Satoru Sato, Naomi Mizorogi, Zdenek Slanina, Filip Uhlik, Mitsuaki Suzuki, Yutaka Maeda, Yongfu Lian, Xing Lu, Marilyn M Olmstead, Alan L Balch, Shigeru Nagase, Takeshi Akasaka
Adamantylidene (Ad) additions to M3N@Ih-C80 (M = Sc, Lu) and Sc3N@D5h-C80 were conducted comprehensively by photochemical reactions with 2-adamantane-2,3'-[3H]-diazirine (1). In M3N@Ih-C80, the addition caused the rupture of the [6,6]- or [5,6]-bonds of the Ih-C80 cage, forming [6,6]-open fulleroids as a major isomer and [5,6]-open fulleroids as a minor isomer. In Sc3N@D5h-C80, the addition also proceeded regioselectively to yield three major isomers of Ad mono-adducts, despite the fact that nine types of C-C bonds exist in the D5h-C80 cage...
February 1, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144949/blown-by-the-wind-the-ecology-of-male-courtship-display-behavior-in-orchid-bees
#15
Tamara Pokorny, Ira Vogler, René Losch, Patrick Schlütting, Pedro Juarez, Nicolai Bissantz, Santiago R Ramírez, Thomas Eltz
Many insects rely on chemical signals to transmit precise information on the location, identity, and quality of potential mates. Chemical signals are often broadcasted at sites with physical properties that maximize signal propagation and signal transmision. Male neotropical orchid bees (Euglossini) perch and display on vertical branches and tree trunks in the forest to expose volatile blends (perfumes) that they previously collected from their environment. Previous studies have shown that the chemical composition of perfume blends is highly differentiated even between closely related species...
February 1, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138167/congenital-abnormalities-of-the-ribs-evaluation-with-multidetector-computed-tomography
#16
Ramazan Davran, Hanifi Bayarogullari, Nesrin Atci, Alperen Kayali, Fatma Ozturk, Gulen Burakgazi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate congenital abnormalities of ribs using multidetector computed tomography. METHODS: The retrospective study was conducted at Mustafa Kemal University Research Hospital, Hatay, Turkey and comprised data of patients aged 1-45 years who attended the Radiology Department for computed tomography of the thorax between January 2010 and July 2013. Multiplanar reconstructions, maximum intensity projections, and 3-dimensional images were acquired to investigate numerical and structural abnormalities of the ribs of the patients who underwent multidetector computed tomography for a variety of indications...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131691/scapula-fracture-incidence-in-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-using-screws-above-or-below-metaglene-central-cage-clinical-and-biomechanical-outcomes
#17
Justin C Kennon, Caroline Lu, Meghan E McGee-Lawrence, Lynn A Crosby
BACKGROUND: Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) is a viable treatment option for rotator cuff tear arthropathy but carries a complication risk of scapular fracture. We hypothesized that using screws above the central glenoid axis for metaglene fixation creates a stress riser contributing to increased scapula fracture incidence. Clinical type III scapular fracture incidence was determined with screw placement correlation: superior screw vs. screws placed exclusively below the glenoid midpoint...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131375/transmission-of-coxiella-burnetii-to-cage-mates-using-murine-animal-model
#18
Yassina Bechah, Didier Raoult
Aerosols from the products of abortions of infected animals with Coxiella burnetii were known to be the main source of infection in humans with this bacterium. However, little is known about the excretion of C. burnetii in the feces and urine of infected mice, or the dynamic of transmission between infected and healthy mice. To investigate whether C. burnetii can be excreted in the feces and urine of infected mice and whether transmission to uninfected cage mates occurs, male mice were inoculated with C. burnetii using a "whole body aerosol system" and feces and urine were collected different time points post-infection from these mice...
February 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131232/enriched-environment-and-mash1-transfection-affect-neural-stem-cell-differentiation-after-transplantation-into-the-adult-somatosensory-cortex
#19
Mitsunori D Arai, Bo Zhan, Atsuko Maruyama, Akiko Matsui-Harada, Kazuhiro Horinouchi, Shoji Komai
Neural stem cell (NSC) transplantation is a promising therapeutic modality for various nervous-system disorders; however, poor survival and differentiation of the transplanted NSCs limit their therapeutic efficacy. This study elucidated the effect of additive rehabilitative therapy with enriched environment (EE) and of achaete-scute homolog 1 (Mash1) and neurogenin2 (Ngn2) transduction on the fate of NSCs (P28-P35) transplanted into the primary somatosensory cortex (PSC) of mice. NSCs transplanted into the PSC differentiated into neurons and astrocytes and exhibited typical excitatory and synaptic response in mice housed in standard cages or in the EE...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127705/the-effects-of-vitamin-c-on-hypothyroidism-associated-learning-and-memory-impairment-in-juvenile-rats
#20
Farimah Beheshti, Sareh Karimi, Farzaneh Vafaee, Mohammad Naser Shafei, Hamid Reza Sadeghnia, Mosa Al Reza Hadjzadeh, Mahmoud Hosseini
In this study the effects of Vitamin C (Vit C) on hypothyroidism-associated learning and memory impairment in juvenile rats was investigated. The pregnant rats were kept in separate cages. After delivery, they were randomly divided into six groups and treated: (1) Control; (2) Propylthiouracil (PTU) which 0.005% PTU in their drinking; (3-5) Propylthiouracil- Vit C groups; besides PTU, dams in these groups received 10, 100 and 500 mg/kg Vit C respectively, (6) one group as a positive control; the intact rats received an effective dose, 100 mg/kg Vit...
January 26, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
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