keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adolescent transgender

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455719/community-engagement-and-venue-based-sampling-in-adolescent-male-sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-research
#1
Mary A Ott, Julianne Campbell, Teresa M Imburgia, Ziyi Yang, Wanzhu Tu, Colette L Auerswald
OBJECTIVES: Middle adolescent males are a difficult group to recruit for community sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention research. We describe a process of community engagement, and venue-based sampling of 14-17-year-old adolescent males, and compare rates of STIs and STI risk behaviors by venue. METHODS: Community engagement consisted of (1) informational meetings with organizations; (2) participation in community meetings and events; (3) hiring community members as study personnel; and (4) an adolescent advisory board recruited from the community...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437861/health-and-care-utilization-of-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youth-a-population-based-study
#2
G Nicole Rider, Barbara J McMorris, Amy L Gower, Eli Coleman, Marla E Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) adolescents have difficulty accessing and receiving health care compared with cisgender youth, yet research is limited by a reliance on small and nonrepresentative samples. This study's purpose was to examine mental and physical health characteristics and care utilization between youth who are TGNC and cisgender and across perceived gender expressions within the TGNC sample. METHODS: Data came from the 2016 Minnesota Student Survey, which consisted of 80 929 students in ninth and 11th grade ( n = 2168 TGNC, 2...
February 5, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431974/childhood-bullying-implications-for-physicians
#3
Mary M Stephens, Hazel T Cook-Fasano, Katherine Sibbaluca
Childhood bullying is common and can lead to serious adverse physical and mental health effects for both the victim and the bully. In teenagers, risk factors for becoming a victim of bullying include being lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender; having a disability or medical condition such as asthma, diabetes mellitus, a skin condition, or food allergy; or being an outlier in weight and stature. An estimated 20% of youth have been bullied on school property, and 16% have been bullied electronically in the past year...
February 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425666/early-hormonal-treatment-affects-body-composition-and-body-shape-in-young-transgender-adolescents
#4
Maartje Klaver, Renée de Mutsert, Chantal M Wiepjes, Jos W R Twisk, Martin den Heijer, Joost Rotteveel, Daniël T Klink
BACKGROUND: Transgender adolescents aspiring to have the body characteristics of the affirmed sex can receive hormonal treatment. However, it is unknown how body shape and composition develop during treatment and whether transgender persons obtain the desired body phenotype. AIM: To examine the change in body shape and composition from the start of treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) until 22 years of age and to compare these measurements at 22 years with those of age-matched peers...
February 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424777/impact-of-insurance-coverage-on-hiv-transmission-potential-among-antiretroviral-therapy-treated-youth-living-with-hiv
#5
Sarah Wood, Sarah Ratcliffe, Charitha Gowda, Susan Lee, Nadia L Dowshen, Robert Gross
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of high HIV transmission potential in a cohort of youth living with HIV (YLWH), and determine the impact of insurance coverage on potential for HIV transmission. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of antiretroviral therapy (ART)-treated YLWH at a US adolescent HIV clinic, 2002-2015. METHODS: The primary exposure was presence or absence of insurance, defined as private, public or pharmacy-only coverage...
February 8, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343228/problematic-internet-use-and-psychiatric-co-morbidity-in-a-population-of-japanese-adult-psychiatric-patients
#6
Hille T de Vries, Takashi Nakamae, Kenji Fukui, Damiaan Denys, Jin Narumoto
BACKGROUND: Many studies reported the high prevalence of problematic internet use (PIU) among adolescents (13-50%), and PIU was associated with various psychiatric symptoms. In contrast, only a few studies investigated the prevalence among the adult population (6%). This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of PIU and psychiatric co-morbidity among adult psychiatric patients. METHODS: Three hundred thirty-three adult psychiatric patients were recruited over a 3-month period...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315110/stopping-the-rise-of-hiv-among-adolescents-globally
#7
Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Emily Davis, Roxana Rezai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adolescents, in particular those that are most disenfranchised, are increasingly at risk of acquiring HIV and, when acquiring HIV, have worse outcomes than adults. This article reviews the recent approaches to combination prevention aiming to optimize the HIV prevention and HIV treatment continua. RECENT FINDINGS: There are dramatic sociodemographic differences in the HIV epidemics in low and middle-income countries (young women in sub-Saharan Africa) compared with high-income countries (predominantly gay, bisexual, transgendered youth, especially black and Latino youth)...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288100/the-ethics-of-performing-non-invasive-reversible-gender-affirming-procedures-on-transgender-adolescents
#8
Reid A Waldman, Steven D Waldman, Jane M Grant-Kels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279875/enacted-stigma-mental-health-and-protective-factors-among-transgender-youth-in-canada
#9
Jaimie F Veale, Tracey Peter, Robb Travers, Elizabeth M Saewyc
Purpose: We aimed to assess the Minority Stress Model which proposes that the stress of experiencing stigma leads to adverse mental health outcomes, but social supports (e.g., school and family connectedness) will reduce this negative effect. Methods: We measured stigma-related experiences, social supports, and mental health (self-injury, suicide, depression, and anxiety) among a sample of 923 Canadian transgender 14- to 25-year-old adolescents and young adults using a bilingual online survey. Logistic regression models were conducted to analyze the relationship between these risk and protective factors and dichotomous mental health outcomes among two separate age groups, 14- to 18-year-old and 19- to 25-year-old participants...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241986/the-effects-of-gender-and-sexuality-based-harassment-on-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-substance-use-disparities
#10
Robert W S Coulter, Melina Bersamin, Stephen T Russell, Christina Mair
PURPOSE: We tested three competing models about whether gender- and sexuality-based harassment at school have nonindependent, additive, or interactive effects on adolescents' electronic cigarette use (i.e., vaping), cigarette smoking, alcohol use, and heavy episodic drinking (HED). We also tested whether harassment mediated substance use disparities between lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) adolescents and their cisgender heterosexual peers. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from the 2013-2014 California Healthy Kids Survey, including 316,766 students in grades 7, 9, and 11 from more than 1,500 middle and high schools...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238237/adolescent-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-current-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Daisy Maria Machado, Alexandre Machado de Sant'Anna Carvalho, Rachel Riera
Adolescents are a critical population that is disproportionately impacted by the HIV epidemic. More than 2 million adolescents between the age group of 10 and 19 years are living with HIV, and millions are at risk of infection. HIV risks are considerably higher among girls, especially in high-prevalence settings such as eastern and southern Africa. In addition to girls, there are other vulnerable adolescent subgroups, such as teenagers, who use intravenous (IV) drugs, gay and bisexual boys, transgender youth, male sex workers, and people who fall into more than one of these categories...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231956/gender-diversity-sexual-orientation-and-bone-health-in-the-maturing-dancer
#12
REVIEW
Derrick D Brown
Gender identity forms an important aspect of still developing youths. Gender is traditionally classified into two distinct categories, female and male. Transgender is a general term that describes individuals who self-identity as male, female, both, or neither (i.e., gender fluid) and do not match the assigned at-birth gender. Adolescent transgender individuals are currently a marginal population. There are limited demographics on youths, but as of 2014 an estimate of 1.4 million adults in the USA identified as transgender...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214408/anticipated-hiv-stigma-and-delays-in-regular-hiv-testing-behaviors-among-sexually-active-young-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women
#13
Kristi E Gamarel, Kimberly M Nelson, Rob Stephenson, Olga J Santiago Rivera, Danielle Chiaramonte, Robin Lin Miller
Young gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (YGBMSM) and young transgender women are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. The success of biomedical prevention strategies is predicated on regular HIV testing; however, there has been limited uptake of testing among YGBMSM and young transgender women. Anticipated HIV stigma-expecting rejection as a result of seroconversion- may serve as a significant barrier to testing. A cross-sectional sample of YGBMSM (n = 719, 95.5%) and young transgender women (n = 33, 4...
December 6, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211514/hiv-care-providers-intentions-to-prescribe-and-actual-prescription-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-to-at-risk-adolescents-and-adults
#14
Tanya L Kowalczyk Mullins, Gregory Zimet, Michelle Lally, Jiahong Xu, Sarah Thornton, Jessica A Kahn
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is indicated for use in US adults, and little is known about clinician intentions to prescribe and actual prescription of PrEP to adolescents younger than 18. Fifty-six clinicians who care for HIV-infected and at-risk youth completed an anonymous online survey in 2014. Primary outcomes were (1) intentions to prescribe PrEP to adolescents and adults in four risk categories [men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender women, heterosexuals with multiple partners of unknown HIV status, heterosexuals with HIV-infected partners]; and (2) actual prescription of PrEP to adolescents and adults in these risk groups...
December 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184488/brain-maturation-cognition-and-voice-pattern-in-a-gender-dysphoria-case-under-pubertal-suppression
#15
Maiko A Schneider, Poli M Spritzer, Bianca Machado Borba Soll, Anna M V Fontanari, Marina Carneiro, Fernanda Tovar-Moll, Angelo B Costa, Dhiordan C da Silva, Karine Schwarz, Maurício Anes, Silza Tramontina, Maria I R Lobato
Introduction: Gender dysphoria (GD) (DMS-5) is a condition marked by increasing psychological suffering that accompanies the incongruence between one's experienced or expressed gender and one's assigned gender. Manifestation of GD can be seen early on during childhood and adolescence. During this period, the development of undesirable sexual characteristics marks an acute suffering of being opposite to the sex of birth. Pubertal suppression with gonadotropin releasing hormone analogs (GnRHa) has been proposed for these individuals as a reversible treatment for postponing the pubertal development and attenuating psychological suffering...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178596/knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-transgender-health
#16
Jack L Turban, Joel Winer, Susan Boulware, Timothy VanDeusen, John Encandela
BACKGROUND: Hormonal interventions for transgender adolescents have become increasingly common; however, there is a paucity of research on medical student knowledge of, and attitudes toward, these interventions following didactic instruction. Furthermore, no studies have examined whether students can be aware of the literature on the mental health benefits of these treatments yet continue to find them unethical. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was administered to students, from first to fourth year (n = 407), who had received one or two lectures on the treatment of youths with gender dysphoria (GD)...
November 27, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177485/primary-care-access-and-foregone-care-a-survey-of-transgender-adolescents-and-young-adults
#17
Beth A Clark, Jaimie F Veale, Devon Greyson, Elizabeth Saewyc
Objective: To examine the issues of primary care access and foregone health care among transgender adolescents and young adults. Methods: This cross-sectional analysis of data from the Canadian Trans Youth Health Survey was conducted online during 2013-2014. Participants included 923 youth aged 14-25 (323 adolescents aged 14-18 and 600 young adults aged 19-25). Main outcome measures were self-reported general and mental health status, comfort discussing transgender identity and health care needs with general practitioners, and types of and reasons for self-identified foregone health care...
November 21, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159312/perceived-parental-attitudes-of-gender-expansiveness-development-and-preliminary-factor-structure-of-a-self-report-youth-questionnaire
#18
Marco A Hidalgo, Diane Chen, Robert Garofalo, Catherine Forbes
Purpose: Parental acceptance of gender identity/expression in lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ+) youth moderates the effects of minority stress on mental health outcomes. Given this association, mental health clinicians of gender-expansive adolescents often assess the degree to which these youth perceive their parents/primary caregivers as accepting or nonaffirming of their gender identity and expression. While existing measures may reliably assess youth's perceptions of general family support, no known tool aids in the assessment an adolescent's perceived parental support related to adolescent gender-expansive experiences...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153445/prevalence-and-correlates-of-youth-homelessness-in-the-united-states
#19
Matthew H Morton, Amy Dworsky, Jennifer L Matjasko, Susanna R Curry, David Schlueter, Raúl Chávez, Anne F Farrell
PURPOSE: Unaccompanied youth homelessness is a serious concern. Response, however, has been constrained by the absence of credible data on the size and characteristics of the population and reliable means to track youth homelessness over time. We sought to address these gaps. METHODS: Using a nationally representative phone-based survey (N = 26,161), we solicited household and individual reports on different types of youth homelessness. We collected household reports on adolescents aged 13-17 and young adults aged 18-25, as well as self-reports from young adults aged 18-25...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057520/editorial-minding-the-gap-research-on-sexual-minority-and-gender-nonconforming-children-and-adolescents
#20
EDITORIAL
Charles H Zeanah, Myo Thwin Myint
There is often a gap between politics and science, but the influence across the gap is bidirectional. This editorial considers a longitudinal, community-based sample of children and adolescents and asks about risks from early childhood gender non-conformity and adolescent reported sexual minority status for subsequent anxiety disorders. It is especially valuable to have longitudinal data from a non-referred sample to address questions of risk, and the investigators must be complemented for having foresight about these questions twenty years ago...
November 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
keyword
keyword
86753
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"