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respiratory sinus arrythmia

Andrea L Hinds, Erik Z Woody, Michael Van Ameringen, Louis A Schmidt, Henry Szechtman
BACKGROUND: In obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), individuals feel compelled to repeatedly perform security-related behaviors, even though these behaviours seem excessive and unwarranted to them. The present research investigated two alternative ways of explaining such behavior: (1) a dysfunction of activation--a starting problem--in which the level of excitation in response to stimuli suggesting potential danger is abnormally strong; versus (2) a dysfunction of termination--a stopping problem--in which the satiety-like process for shutting down security-related thoughts and actions is abnormally weak...
2012: PloS One
Samay Jain, Greg J Siegle, Chen Gu, Charity G Moore, Larry S Ivanco, J Richard Jennings, Stuart R Steinhauer, Stephanie Studenski, J Timothy Greenamyre
BACKGROUND: In Parkinson's disease (PD), neurodegenerative changes have been observed in autonomic pathways involving multiple organ systems. We explore pupillary and cardiac autonomic measures as physiological manifestations of PD neurodegeneration. METHODS: Pupil measures (pupillary unrest (spontaneous changes of pupil diameter in darkness), constriction velocity and redilation velocity) were assessed in 35 participants (17 PD, 18 controls). Simultaneous cardiac measures (respiratory sinus arrythmia during deep breathing, Valsalva ratio, resting heart rate variability (HRV), orthostatic change in blood pressure and orthostatic change in heart rate) were obtained...
February 2011: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Kirstin Greaves-Lord, Robert F Ferdinand, Frouke E P L Sondeijker, Andrea Dietrich, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Judith G M Rosmalen, Johan Ormel, Frank C Verhulst
BACKGROUND: To clarify the distinction between anxiety and depression, the tripartite model was introduced. According to this model, physiological hyperarousal (PH, i.e. autonomic hyperactivity) is specific for anxiety and not depression. Research on the relation between anxiety, depression and physiological measures representing arousal is lacking. METHODS: Parent- and self-reported anxiety and depressive problems were assessed using the CBCL and RCADS. Heart rate (HR), heart rate variability in the low frequency (HRV LF) and respiratory sinus arrythmia (RSA) were used as indices for autonomic arousal...
September 2007: Journal of Affective Disorders
Olivier Meste, Balkine Khaddoumi, Grégory Blain, Stéphane Bermon
The analysis of heart period series is a difficult task especially under graded exercise conditions. From all the information present in these series, we are the most interested in the coupling between respiratory and cardiac systems, known as respiratory sinus arrythmia. In this paper, we show that precise patterns concerning the respiratory frequency can be extracted from the heart period series. An evolutive model is introduced in order to achieve tracking of the main respiratory-related frequencies and their time-varying amplitudes...
November 2005: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Alexander P J van Eekelen, Jan H Houtveen, Gerard A Kerkhof
The role of endogenous circadian rhythmicity in autonomic cardiac reactivity to different stressors was investigated. A constant routine protocol was used with repeated exposure to a dual task and a cold pressor test. The 29 subjects were randomly divided into two groups in order to manipulate prior wakefulness. Group 1 started at 09:00 h immediately after a monitored sleep period, whereas group 2 started 12 h later. Measures of interbeat intervals (IBI), respiratory sinus arrythmia (RSA, a measure of parasympathetic activity), pre-ejection period (PEP, a measure of sympathetic activity), as well as core body temperature (CBT) were recorded continuously...
January 2004: Chronobiology International
Abbey Alkon, Lauren H Goldstein, Nancy Smider, Marilyn J Essex, David J Kupfer, W Thomas Boyce
Studies of cardiovascular reactivity in young children have generally employed integrated, physiologically complex measures, such as heart rate and blood pressure, which are subject to the multiple influences of factors such as blood volume, hematologic status, thermoregulation, and autonomic nervous system (ANS) tone. Reactivity studies in children have rarely employed more differentiated, proximal measures of autonomic function capable of discerning the independent effects of sympathetic and parasympathetic responses...
January 2003: Developmental Psychobiology
D C Galletly, P D Larsen
In 35 anaesthetised human subjects, we examined the effect of cardioventilatory coupling on R-R interval and ventilatory period time series. We observed that, in the presence of coupling: (a) ventilatory period fluctuated in a quantal manner, each quantal step corresponding to a multiple (or a little less) of the heart period; (b) heart period fluctuations, associated with respiratory sinus arrythmia, were identical for consecutive ventilatory periods. The regularity of heart period variation lead to geometric patterning of raw R-R time series, R-R consecutive difference time series, the phase portrait (R-R(n) vs R-R(n+1)) and the map of R-R interval variation (DeltaR-R(n) vs DeltaR-R(n+1))...
October 1999: Research in Experimental Medicine
G G Haddad, H J Jeng, S H Lee, T L Lai
We studied the short-term oscillations in the R-R interval in five puppies at 4 wk of age and five adult dogs during sleep and wakefulness. The R-R interval was measured using an R-R preprocessor, and respiration was recorded using barometric plethysmography. Puppies showed much smaller fluctuations in the R-R interval (SD between 6 and 40 ms) than adult dogs (SD between 124 and 367 ms) in both rapid eye movement (REM) and quiet sleep. Spectral analysis demonstrated that these oscillations were primarily of low frequencies, and the contribution of respiratory sinus arrythmia (RSA) to total power was low...
July 1984: American Journal of Physiology
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